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Full text of "A complete dictionary of the English language, : both with regard to sound and meaning. One main object of which is, to establish a plain and permanent standard of pronunciation. To which is prefixed a prosodial grammar."

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■■J '^//^ //yrn/ <'/.'//' 

/.i'l,./,'ll./M. ',:•/,,././.■ //„ ./.■/.///■,;■/., /"'./wi,/y,V,, ,/::,■('//.,/■/,:• /',.'/, 





Both with regard to SOUND and MEANING. 

One main Objeft of which is, to eftablLfli a plain and permanent 







Revifed, Correded, and Enlarged by the AUTHOR. 




THE favourable reception of Mr. Sheridan's Dictionary luving 
rendered a new Edition neceflary, the indefatigable Author, animated by 
the warm approbation of the Public, cheerfully undertook the laborious tafk of 
revifing the work preparatory to its being reprinted. In order to make it as 
complete as pofTible, and to fuperfede the neceffity of any future alterations, 
the Grammar, with its valuable Appendix, the Diredions to Foreigners, &c. 
occupied much of his attention, and received from his own hand their final 
improvements. Perceiving that many ufeful and approved words had been 
omitted in the Dictionary, to lupply the deficiency, and to render the work 
more extenfively ufeful, he carefully feleQed a number of words (amounting to 
nearly a thoufand), and introduced them in their alphabetical order, with their 
peculiar marks of pronunciation. Since his death the Pubiifher has been favoured 
with an additional lift of words, from which a confiderable number has been 
extra(5led, and inferted, with their marks and explanations, in their proper 
places, under the diredion of a Gentleman who was appointed by Mr. Sheridan 
to fuperintend the work during its progrefs through the prefs. 

The prefcnt Edition is now offered to the Public with all the Author's laft 
corredlions and improvements ; and the Pubiifher flatters himfelf that it will 
not only anfwer the purpofc of any other Dictionary, by giving the cleareft 
explanation of the meaning of woids, but, by having the fuperior advantage of 
umple vilible marks affixed to each word, tend to reduce the pronunciation of 
the Englifh tongue to a regular and uniform ftandard. To all public fpeakers, 
and teachers in general, it muft be highly acceptable ; while to foreigners who 
ftudy the language, and to perfons who have been habituated to the Scotch, 
Iriih, or Provincial accent, it muft be confidered as a real acquifiilun. 

[ To be placed after the Title. ] 


OF all the languages known in the world, the Englifli is fuppofed to be the mofi; 
difficult ; and foreigners in general look upon it as imprafticable to arrive at any 
degree of" perfeftion, either in writing or fpeaking it. Yet from its nature and confti- 
tution, with regard to the grammatical part, it ought to be the moft eafy of attainment 
of any other ; as upon examination it would appear, that it is built upon the fimpleft 
principles, and governed by the feweft rules, of any language yet known. In whicli 
refpefts it exceeds even the Hebrew ; hitherto fuppofed to be the moll: fnnple of any. 
With regard indeed to the pronunciation of our tongue, the obftacles are great ; and in 
the prefent ftate of things almoft infuperable. But all this apparent difficulty arifes from 
our utter negled; of examining and regulating our fpeech ; as nothing has hitherto been 
done, either by individuals, or focieties, towards a right method of teaching it. 

While the ingenious natives of other countries in Europe, particularly the Italians, 
French, and Spaniards, in proportion to their progrefs in civilization and politenefs, have, 
for more than a century, been employed, with the utmoft induftry, in cultivating and 
regulating their fpeech -, we ftill remain in the ftate of all barbarous countries in that 
refpeft, having left our's wholly to chance. Whoever has a mind to attain any of thofe 
tongues, may arrive at the utmoft perfedlion in them, by the inftruftion of ikilful mafters, 
and the aid of accurate grammars and diftionaries ; together with various treatifes on the 
peculiar niceties and elegancies of each. But wlien a foreigner arrives in London, and, as 
the firft necefTary point, enquires for a mafter to teach him the language, to his utter 
aftoniftiment he is told, that there are none to be found ; and thus he is kft to pick it 
up as well as he can,, in die fame way as if he had landed among favages. 

This is the more furprifing, as perhaps there never was a language, which required, 
or merited cultivation more ; and certainly there never \^a-s a people upon eartli, to whom 
a perfecfl ufe of the powers of fpeech were fo effentially necefTary, to fupport their rights, 
privileges, and all tlie bleffings arifing from the nobleft conftitution that ever was formed. 
This amazing negleft has been owing to a mode of education, eftablifhed more than two 
centuries ago ; and which, notwithftanding a total change in every circumftance, that 
made fuch a mode of education the moft proper for thofe times, has, to the difgrace of 
human reafon, and to the indelible reproach of the legiflature of this country, remained 
invariably the fame ever fince. On the revival of letters, the ftudy of the Greek and 
Roman languages, in a fliorc time, became general, in the more civilized nations of 

a Europe i 


Europe ; and in this they were wife ; becaufe a treafure of knowledge, the collefted 
wifdom of ages, was here opened to their view, which could be acquired in no odier 
way; as their own languages were then poor and barbarous, arid the works of tlieir 
authors, neither fit for entertainment or ufe. Whereas in the noble works of antiquity, 
they found every thing necefiary to enlighten the underftanding, regulate the fancy, and 
refine the tafte ; and in proportion to their progrefs in this way, they who applied them- 
fclves to thofe ftudies, gained a fuperiority over the reft of mankind, not in fame 
only, but in rank and fortune. Tims were they ftimulated in the purfuit, not only by 
the pleafure attending the chafe, but by the great ends to be attained by it. The 
temples of Fame and Fortune were fliut to all, wlio could not make their offerings in 
Gi-eek and Latin. Latin particularly was the general language, in which all people of 
education both converfed and wrote ; and became, for a confiderable length of time, the 
currency of Europe, as French is at this day. Our anceftors, not to be behind-hand 
with other nations, made many endowments of fchools and colleges, for the perpetual 
propagation of thofe ftudies, in their days fo juftly held in the higheft eftimation. They 
could not look into the feeds of time, nor forefee that future generations, upon a total 
change of ciroumftances, might fuftcr much by a continuation of thofe inftitutions ; or 
that an enlightened pofterity would not make fuch alterations in them, as a change of 
times might render necefiary. 

The change, indeed, fince their days, has been fo great, that the two learned languages 
are fallen into utter difufe. No one now either writes, or converfes in them. Nay, fo 
totally are they gone out of fafliion, that in order to avoid the imputation of pedantry, 
no gentleman muft let it appear in converfation, tliat he ever had the leaft tinfturc of 
thofe ftudies ; and far from contributing to any man's advancement to pofts of honour 
or profit, die utmoft (l;ill in thofe languages will only qualify perlbns for the office of 
fchoolmafters, or private tutors. While a complete maftery of the Englifti, botli in 
writing and fpeaking, would be the furcft means of attaining thofe ends,' and anfwer every 
other purpofe of fpecch, with regard to ornament, as well as ufe, to an inhabitant of 
thefe countries, better than a command of all the other languages known in the world. 
Yet fo little regard has been paid to it in either refpedl, diat out of our numerous army 
of authors, very few can be felefted who write with accuracy > and among the multitude 
of our orators, even a tolerable fpeaker is a prodigy. 

All this arifes from a wrong bias given to the mind, in our courfe of education, with 
regard to two material articles." The firft is, a total negle<Sl of our own tongue, from the 
time and pains neceflTary to the attainment of two dead languages. The fecond, an utter 
inattention to tlic living language, as delivered to the ear by the organs of fpeech ; from 
making the written, as prefented to the eye by t!ie pen, the fole objeft of inftruftion. 

With regard to the firft of thcfe, it luis been taken for granted, that a knowledge of 

Greek and Latin will of courfe produce a fufficient knowledge of our own tongue : though 

it is notorious that many who have acquired an accurate fkill in writing Latin^ mal<e but 

6 a very 


a very poor figure in tiieir Englifli ftyle. Nay it has lately been proved by a learned 
Prelate, in a fliort eflfay upon our grammar, that fome of our molt celebrated writers, and 
fuch as liave hitherto paffed for our Englifh Clanks, have been guilty of great folecifms, 
inaccuracies, and even grammatical improprieties, in many places of their moft foiiihed 
works. Nor is this at all furprifing, when we confider that grammar has never been taught 
among us as a fcience ; and that in learning Latin, our youth are inltructed only in the 
mechanical rules peculiarly adapted to that language ; where therefore thefe do not fquare 
with another, they are as much at a lofs, as if they knew no rules at all. Will any of thefe, 
prefuming upon their knowledge of Latin, think they can matter the French or Italian, 
without learning the grammars of their refpeftive tongues ? And is there not the fame 
reafon for examining the peculiar rules by which the Englifh is governed ? This would 
certainly be done by all in the liberal line of life, were the means open to them. But the 
fa6t is, that there has been no method laid down for attaining this knowledge. Nothing 
worthy the name of a gramrnar has hidierto appeared ; and it is not many years fince a 
diftionary of any value was produced ; which, though it muft be allowed to have been 
an Herculean labour, when confidered as the work of one man, yet ftill is capable of great 
improvement. Hence each individual is left to acquire any critical Ikill in his own lan- 
guage, as well as he can, by his own labour. The difficulties that perpetually ftart in his 
way, through want of fome principles and rules to guide him, foon make him weary of 
the fruitlefs purfuit ; and people in general are fatisfied with copying others, or makino- 
innovations upon unfure grounds. In confequence of which, it has been in a perpetual ftate 
offluftuation, being left wholly to the guidance of caprice and fafhion. The learned 
compiler of the Englifli Diftionary, in fpeaking of our language, fays, « That while it 

* was employed in the cultivation of every Ipecies of literature, it has itfelf been neglefted ; 

* fuffered to fpread under the direction of chance, into wild exuberance ; refigned to the 

* tyranny of time and fafliion ; and expofed to the corruption of ignorance, and caprice of 

* innovation. When I took the firil furvey of my undertaking, I found our ipeech 

* copious without order, and energetic widiout rules : wherever I turned my view, there 
' was perplexity to be difentanglcd, and confufion to be regulated.' And Swift, in hLs 
letter to Lord Oxford, is of opinion, that the corruptions crept into our language, have 
more than counterbalanced any improvements it has received, fince the d.-iys of Charles 
the Firft. No wonder indeed our written language Ihould be in this ftate, when the only 
article attended to, -and regularly taught, is that of Ipelling words proDerl"^^ 

But low as the ftate of the written language is, that of die Ipoken is infinitely worfe ; 
with regard to which, nothing has been done, even to render a right pronunciation of the 
words attainable. And with refpecft to every other point, we are fo far from having any 
way opened for teaching a juft and graceful deliveiy, that even from our learning the firft 
elements of ipeech, we are fo wholly perverted by falfe rules, and afterwards corrupted 
by bad habits, that there is fcarce a pofiibiliiy of arriving at any degree of perfection ia 
the moll ufeful and pleafing art that can adorn and dignify human nature. 

a 2 Tl;e 


The total negleft of this art has been produdtive of the worft confequences. It is by 
Ipeech tluu all affairs relative to the nation at large, or pa'rticular focieties, are carried on. 
In the condudl of all affairs ecclefiaftical and civil, in churcli, in parliament, courts of 
juftice, county courts, grand and petty juries, even down to vcftries in pariflies, arc the 
powers of fpecch effcntially rcquifite. In all which places, tlie v/retched ftate of elocution 
is apparent to perfons of any difcernment and tafle ; more particularly in the cliurch, where 
tiiat talent would be of the utmoft moment to the fupport of religion. But in general, 
the fpeakers confole themfelves with the thought, that they are not worfe than tlieir neigh- 
bours : and numbers, hopelefs of arriving at any degree of excellence in that way, endea- 
vour, as is ufual on fuch occafions, to de£i;eciate what they cannot attain. Nay, it lias 
been gravely maintained by many writers, that oratory is not fuited to the genius of the 
nation, or nature of the conflitution ; and that any ufe of it, in the pulpit, the Icnate- 
houfe, or bar, would even be improper. To this term of Oratory, from the erroneous 
ideas entertained of that art, they annex flrange confufed notions, of fomething artificial 
in tones, loolcs, and gefturc, that have no foundation in nattUT, and are the mere inven- 
tions of man. But if the true art of oratory be only to exhibit nature dreft to advantage ; 
if its objedl be, to enable the fpeaker to difplay his thoughts and fentiments, in the moft 
perfpicuous, pleafing, and forcible manner ; fo as to enlighten the underflanding, charm 
the ear, and leave the deepefl: imprefTions on the minds of the hearers — Can any one but 
the moft vain pedant, or ftupid barbarian, fay, that fuch an art is improper for this or 
any other ibciety in die world ? To rcafon with blind prejudice, or invincible ignorance, 
\yould be fruitlcfs ; but I would beg leave to afl< all wJio aflert this doclrine a few 

"Whether it would not contribute much to promote the caufe of religion, if tlie fervice 
of the church were always performed with propriety, and fermons delivered with due force ? 
Whether it would not be of fervice to the flate, if all our fcnators, who had from 
nature the abilities, fliould alfo be furniihed, from art and praftice, with the habitual power 
of delivering their fentiments readily, in a correfb, perfpicuous, and forcible manner ? 
And whether this would not be equally ufeful to the gentlemen of the bar ? ; 

Whedier it would not contribute much to the eafe and pleafure of ibciety, and improve- 
ment of politenefs, if all gentlemen in public meetings, or private company, fliould be 
able to exprefs their thoughts clearly, and with an utterance fo regulated, as not to give 
pain to tlie und^rftanding, or offence to the ears of their auditors ? 

Whether it would not greatly contribute to put an end to the odious dillinflion kept up 
between the fubjeels of the fame king, if a way were opened, by which the attainment of 
the Englifli tongue in its purity, both in point of plirafeology and pronunciation, might 
be rendered eafy to all inhabitants of his Majef\y's dominions, whether of South or North 
Britain, of Ireland, or the other Britifh dependencies f 

Whether it would not redound much to the honour of this nation, if the attainment 

of our tongue were rendered eafy to foreigners, fo as to enable them to read our exccl- 

f lent 

P R E F AC E. 

lent authors in the original, and converfe v/itli the natives of thefc countries upon equal 

Whether many important advantages would not accrue both to the prcfent ao-e, and 
to poftcrity, if the Englifn language were afcertained, and reduced to a fixed and perma- 
nent ftandard ? 

Whether th.e flrft ftep nccefiary to the accomplifliment of thefe points, be not that 
of opening a method, whereby all cliildren of thefe realms, whether male or female, may 
be inftrufted from the firft rudiments, in a grammatical knowledge of the Engliili tono-uc, 
and the art of reading and fpeaking it with propriety and grace ; in the fame regular v;ay 
as other languages, and other arts, of infinitely lefs confequence to them, are now tauo-ht ? 

To compafs thefe points, and others perhaps of ftill greater confequence which may 
flow from them, has been the chief objed of the Author's puifuits in life, and the main 
end of the prefent publication. 

It mull be obvious, that in order to fpread abroad the Englifli languao-e as a livino- 
tongue, and to facilitate the attainment of its fpeech, it is neceniuy in the firft place that 
a ftandard of pronunciation fliould be eftabliftied, and a method of acquiring a juft one 
fliould be laid open. That the prefent ftate of the v\'i-itten language is not at all calculated 
to anfwer that end, is evident from this ; that not only the natives of Ireland, Scotland, 
and Wales, who fpeak Englifti, and are taught to read it, pronounce it differently, but 
each county in England has its peculiar dialedt, which infedts not only their fpeech, but 
their reading alfo. All attempts to reform this by any alteration in our written lano-uao-e 
would be utterly imprafticable : And die only plan which could pofTibly be followed with 
any profped of fuccefs, is what the Author has purfaed in his Profodial Grammai- and 

In his Grammar, he has laid open a metliod of teaching evcrv thin"- which regards 
found, from the firft fimple elements, to their moft extended combinations in words and 
fentences. He has pointed our the principles upon which our pronunciation is founded 
and the general rules by which it is regulated. 

In his Diftionary he ha"s reduced the pronunciation of each word to a certainty by 
fixed and vifible marks ; the only way by which uniform.ity of found could be propa- 
gated to any diftance. This we find effedtually done in the art of mufic by notes • for 
in whatever part of the globe mufic is fo taught, the adepts in it read it exactly the- 
fame way. A fimilar uniformity of pronunciation, by means -of this Grammar and Dic- 
tionary, may be fpread through all parts of the globe, vvherever Englifh fliall be tauo-ht 
by their aid. 

But it may be afked, what right the Author has to afTum.e to himfelf the ofiice of a 
legifkitor on this occafion, and what his pretenfions are to eftabiifh an abfolute ftandard in 
an article, which is far from being in a fettled ftate among any clafs of people ? It is well 
kjiown, that there is a great diverficy of pronunciation of the fame words, not only in 
individuals, but in whole bodies of m?n. That there are fome adopted by the univer- 

fities ;. 


fitics ; fome prevail at th^ bar, and fome in the fenate-hoiife. That the propriety of thefc 
fc\eral pronunciations Is controverted by the feveral pcrfons who have adopted them ; and 
what right has this felf- appointed judge to determine which is the bed ? 

The Author allows the propriety of the objeftion, and therefore thinks it necefiary to lay 
open the grounds upon which he puts in his claim to this arduous office. 

There was a time, and that at no very diftant period, which may be called the Aiiguftan 
age of England, I mean during the reign of Queen Anne, when Englifli was the language 
Ipoken at court ; and v»lien die fame attention was paid to propriety of pronunciation, as 
that of French at the Court of Verfailles. This produced a uniformity in that article in 
ail the polite circles j and a gentjeinan or lady would have been as much afliamed of a 
wrong pronunciation then, as perfons of a liberal education would now be of mif-fpelling 
words. ' But on the acceffion of a foreign family to the throne, amid the many bleflings 
conferred by that happy event, the Englilh language fufFered much by being banlflied the 
court, to make room for the French. From that time the regard formerly paid to pro- 
nunciation has been gradually declining ; fo that now the greateft improprieties in that 
point are to be found among people of fafliion ; many pronunciations, which thirty or 
forty years ago were confined to the vulgar, are gradually gaining ground; and if fom.e-r 
thing be not done to flop this growing evil, and fix a general ftandard at prefent, tlie Eng- 
lllli is likely to become a mere jargon, which every one may pronounce as he pleafes. It 
is to be wifhed, that fuch a ftandard had been eftablllhed at the period before mentioned, 
as It Is probable, that Englifh was then fpoken in its higheftftate of perfeftion. Nor is it 
yet too late to recover It in that very ftate. It was my fortune to receive the early part 
of my education under a matter, who made that a material objeft of Inftruftion to the 
youth committed to his care. He was the intimate friend, and chofen companion of Swift; 
who had pafled great part of his life in a familiar intercourfe with the moft diftingulfhed 
men of the age, whether for rank or genius. Eminent as he was for the purity and ac- 
curacy of his ftyle, he was not more attentive to that point in writing, than he was to 
exaftnefs of pronunciation in fpeaking. Nor could he bear to hear any miftakes committed 
by his friends in that refpeft, without correfting them. I had the happinefs to be muck 
with him in the early part of my life, and for feveral months read to him three or four 
hours a day, receiving flill the benefit of his Infiruftlon. I have fince had frequent 
opportunities of being convinced that a uniformity of pronunciation had prevailed at the 
court of Queen Anne, by comparing Swift's with that of many diftinguiflied perfonages 
who were there initiated into life; among the number of which were the Duke of Dorfet 
and the Earl of Cheftcrfield. And that very pronunciation is ftlll the cuftomary one 
among the defendants of all the politer part of the world bred in that reign. Upon in- 
veftigating the principles on which the pronunciation of that time was formed, I found,, 
that though there were no rules laid down for its regulation, yet there was a fecret Influence 
of analogy conftantly o])erating, which attradled the difterent words, according to their 
ftveral clafles, to itfclf as tlieir center. And where there were any deviations from that 



analog}-, the anomalies were founded upon the beft principle by which fpeech can be regu- 
lated, that of preferring the pronunciation which was the moll eafy to the organs of fpeccli, 
and confcquently moft agreeable to the ear. So far the Author has laid open his pre- 
tenfions, upon a fuppoiition that pronunciation depended only upon cuftom and fafliion. 
But v/hen he adds, that he is the firft who ever laid open the principles upon which our 
pronunciation is founded, and the rules by which it is regulated, he hopes the claim he 
has laid in to the office he has undertaken, will not be confidered as either vain or pre- 

When v/e refled, that no evil fo great can befal any language, as a perpetual fluctuation 
both in point of fpelling and pronouncing, it is furely a thing to be wiflied, that a perma- 
nent and obvious ftandard to both fhould at fome certain period be eftabliihed -, and if 
pofTible, that period fliould be fixed upon, when probably they were in the greateft degree 
ofperfeftion. Dr. Johnfon's fpelling has been implicitly followed in tlie prefent Diftionary. 
It fcarce deviates from that ufed by the writers in Queen Anne's reign; ashehas judicioufly 
rejefted feveral innovations attempted fince that time by vain and pragmatical writers, who, 
from an affedtation of fingularity, have attempted to introduce changes, upon principles 
which will by no means Hand die teft of examination j and it might indifputably be 
proved, that no alterations in that refpeft, produ6live of any real benefit, can be made, 
without new moulding our alphabet, and making a confiderable addition to its charaflersj 
a point utterly imprafticable. 

With regard to pronunciation, the Author has laid his reafons before the public of his 
having followed that which was eftabliihed at the fame £era. Thus, in both thefe articles, 
has he in this one work endeavoured to fix two anchors to our floating language, in order 
to keep it fteady againft the gales of caprice, and current of fafhion. 

In the explanatory part he has chiefly followed Dr. Johnfon; only fometimes making 
ufe of plainer words, more adapted to the capacity of EnghUi readers. 

As the utmoft accuracy was necefl^ary in ufing the marks of pronunciation, he has 
exerted fuch induftry in this refpeft, by reiterated examination of each proof flieet before 
it was printed off, that he hopes there is not an error of any confequence throughout the 




Calculated folely for the Purpofes of teaching Propriety of 

Pronunciation, and Juftnefs of Delivery, in that 

Tongue, by the Organs of Speech. 


[ To follow the Preface. ] 




A M M A 



/~\F Simple Sounds f 

Page ix 


Of the Nature and Formation of the Simple Sounds, xi . 
Scheme of the Alphabet, - - xiii 

Of Diphthongs, - . . i^jid. 

S E C T. IV. 

Of the Manner of forming certain Sounds, ~ xiv 


Of the Ufe and Abufe of Letters in fpelling or reprefent- 

ing Words, _ - - xvi 

Of Confonant Digraphs, - - xxi 


Rules for the Pronunciation of Englijl) Words, xxiii 

Of Monosyllables. 
Of Monofyllables ending in more Confonant s than one, ibid. 
Of Monofyllables ending in e mute, - - xxiv 
Of Monofyllables ending in Vowels that are pronounced, ibid. 
Of Monofyllables formed by Diphthongs, - xxvi 

Of Diphthongs formed by W, - - xxvii 

Of Diphthongs formed by Y, - - _ ibid. 


Of Diffyllabhs, 
Of Polyfyllabks, 

Page xxvii 


Of the Art of Delivery. 
Of Articulation, - - _ 

Of Accent, 

Of Pronunciation, - - . 

Of Emphafts, - - _ 

Of Paufes or Stops, 

Of the Pitch or Management of the Voice, 
Of Tones, ... 

Of the Recitation of Poetic Numbers, 









Rules to be obfervcd by the Natives ay Ireland, in order 
to attain a juji Pronunciation of EngUth, - liii 

Obfervations with regard to the Pronunciation of the Na- 
tives of Scotland and Wales, - - liv 

Direilions to Foreigners, - - Ivii 





Of Simple Sounds. 

N the Englifli alphabet there appear twenty-fix 

But this alphabet is ill calculated to reprefent the fimple 
founds of the Englifli tongue, as there are many of 
thofe founds which have no letters to ftand for their 
marks. Two of the confonants are fuperfluous ; c and 
q : c having the found either of ^ or .j ; and q that of 
k before a u when preceding another vowel in the fame 
fyllable. Two are marks of compound founds ; _/', 
which (lands for (/z/;; and at for ^/ or ^z. And/iisno 
letter, but merely a mark of afpiration. With re- 
gard to the vowels, two of them, / and u, as pro- 
nounced by us, are marks of diphthongs ; and the only 
founds we hear of real fimple vowels are thofe of a, c, 
and 0. Thus, deduiTbing the five confonant marks 
above mentioned, and thofe of the two vowels, there 
remain but nineteen letters to reprefent all the fimple 
founds in our tongue, which in reality amount to 
twenty-eight ; confequently to make a complete al- 
phabet, in which every fimple found ought to have 
a mark peculiar to itfelf, there ought to be nine more 
characters or letters. The reafon of this deficiency is, 
that after the revival of letters we adopted the Roman 
alphabet, which became of general ufe throughout 
turope, though it was by no means fuited to our tongue, 
on account of the great number of fimple founds con- 

tained in it, which were not found in the ancient La- 
tin. To make up for this deficiency in the adopted 
alphabet, there were in thofe days of ignorance fo 
many clumfy contrivances ufed, and from that time to 
this fuch diverfity and irregularity in marking the fu- 
perabounding founds, not upon fettled principles, but 
according to the whim and fafliion of the times, that 
it became a work of immenfe time and labour, even 
to the beft educated natives, to give a right pronun- 
ciation to words in reading ; and it is rendered 
wholly impoffible for foreigners or provincials ever 
to acquire it, from any afllftance hitherto given them 
by books. 

To afi'ord a clue through this intricate labyrinth, 
and to enable all, who will take the pains of becom- 
ing maflers of the method here laid down, to acquire 
a juft pronunciation of our tongue, is one of the main 
objeds propofed in the following work. 

In order to this it will be necelTary in the firll place 
to afcertain the number of fimple founds in our tongue. 
And firft I fliall begin with the vowels. 

Sche}ne of 

the J'ovjels. 
























Before they proceed any farther, it will be nccelTary 
that all who would readily and clearly comprehend 
what is laid down in the follov/ing treatife with regard 
to the vowels, fbould get the above fcheme by heart, 
fo as to be able to repeat it readily in the order in 
vvhich the words lie, on a parallel, not perpendicular 
line; as, 

hat hate hall. 

bet bear, kc. 

In this fcheme * we fee that each vowel {lands for 
three different founds ; and I have clafTed them in this 
manner, becaufe I fhall have occafion to particularize 
them hereafter by the titles of Tirft, Second, and Third 
founds, according to the order in which they lie, and 
as they are marked by.thofc figures. 

At firft view of this fcheme, one would be apt to 
imagine that we have no lefs than feventeen founds of 
vowels in cair tongue ; but, on a nearer examination, 
we {hall {ind that there are feveral duplicates of the 
fame founds, only differently marked. Thus the fe- 
cond founds of a and e, as in hate, bear, are the 
fame. The third founds in e and ;', beer, field, 
are alfo the fame. The found of o in not, is only 
the fhort found of a in hall. The fecond found of 
u in bufh is only the {hort found of o in noofe. 
The fecond found of / in fight, and the third found 
of K in cube, are not fimple founds, but diphthongs. 
And with regard to the two founds of y, the firft 
perceived in the lafl fyllable of lovely, is only the 
fhort found of e in b^cr, and the fecond in l^e is 
the fame as i in f/ght. 

So that fubduifling thefe eight duplicates, there re- 
main only nine fimple vocal founds or vowels, which 
are as follow : 


hall hat hate beer note noore bet fit but. 

Number of Simple Sounds of Covjonants. 

Thefe amount to nineteen, which are as follow : 

eb ed ef eg ek el cm en ep ef cs et ev ez. ctti eth 

efh czh in 5. 

* Till they fhall hnve got it by heart, the bell way will 
be, that each reader fhould copy the above fcheme, .ind 
hnid it in his hand, in order to be fate that he does not 
millake the marks. 

From the number of characters which appear in the 
Roman alphabet as marks of fimple founds, five muft 
be excluded as improper : two are fuperfluous, c and q ; 
<: having the fame power only as a /f, or an x ; of a X-, 
as in f.trd ; of an s, as in f.:afe : and q that ol k when it 
precedes a diphthong whofe firft vowel is «, as in qua- 
lity. H is no letter, as it reprefents no articulate 
found, and is merely an effort of the breath, or afpi- 
ration : and two are marks of compound, not fimple 
founds ; j of %h preceded by a d, as ezh, edzh ; james 
dzhames ; and x of ks, or ^z ; h, as in excel ; gz, as 
in example. 

The laft five confonants of the Englifh alphabet, 
as enumerated above, are maiked each by two 
charadleis, and therefore have been confidered by 
our grammarians as compound founds, though in 
reality they are as fimple as any of the reft. But 
the truth is, the Roman language was without 
thole founds, confequently they had no letters in 
their alphabet to mark them. The found of etiT, 
or the Greek theta, indeed, they had adopted to- 
gether with fome words from that language, fuch 
as theatrum, theologia, &c. ; but not being able to 
introduce the Greek letter into their alphabet, they 
fell upon the expedient of marking it by a jun(£}ion 
of their b, or mark of afpiration, with a /, and this 
expedient we have adopted from them in marking; 
three of thofe founds ; of tlT, ns in the word tlTin ; 
//;, as in then ; and/!), as in fliall. But we have as 
yet given no peculiar mark to the 4th found, ezh, 
being fometimes reprefented by a fingle z, as in azure ; 
fometimcs by an i, as in ofier. The fimple found 
ing is uniformly marked by a junction of n and g, 
as fing, ring, &c. 

There are bcfidcs two letters in the Roman alpha- 
bet, y and w, whofe nature and ufe have been utterly 
miftaken by our grammarians, as fhall be {hewn when 
we come to fpeak of diphthongs. The chief ufe of 
thefe characters is to ftand as marks for the fliort 
founds of ee, and 00, in the formation of diph- 
thongs ; by which names they fhould therefore be 

The whole of the Englifh alphabet, with regard both- 
to founds and letters, may be exhibited in one view by 
the following fcheme. 




P R S C 




a u e 

hat hate beer 

I 1 I 

o o e 

note noofe bet 

fhort oo 


fnort ce 

lit but 


ob ed ef eg ek el em en ep er es et ev ez ettl * eth 

efli ezh ing 

h c j q X 

ha ek or efs edge qua eks or egz. 

By founding thefe latter charaflers in tliis manner, 

their nature and powers will be exprefTed in their 

names. And I have placed a vowel before the other 

confonants, that they may be all founded in that 

manner, contrary to the ufual praiSlice, for a reafon 

to be given hereafter. 


Of the Nature and Formation of the Simple Sounds. 

T? I R S T, of the vowels ; which may be divided 
into long and (hort. The firft fix are of the 
former kind ; the three laft, of the latter. In calling 
the firft long vowels, I do not mean that they are ne- 
celfarily long, but they are fuch whofe found may be 
prolonged ad libitum, though at the fame time capable 
of being rendered fliort ; and therefore, ftriclly fpeak- 
ing, they ftiould be denominated doubtful. 


Six long or doubtful Vowels. 
hat bate beer note 


In pronouncing them in that order, we perceive a 
juft and regular fcale, by which the voice proceeds 
in marking thofe founds, a is the fulleft found, 
made by the greateft aperture of the mouth, and 
the voice ftrikes upon that part of the palate which 
is neareft to -the paffage by which the voice iffues : 
a is formed by a gradually lefs aperture, and the 
ftroke of the voice more advanced : a in like pro- 
portion ftill more fo j and in founding e the mouth 

* Th has two founds ; one in the wcrd /av», the other in 
jl.^n. To dillinguilh them, the former found is marked Iiy 
a ilroke drawn acrofs the opper part of the b. 


is almoft clofed, and the ftroke of the voice is near 
the teeth. Thefe are the only long vowels formed 
within the mouth. After that, the feat of articu- 
lation is advanced to the lips ; h being formed by a 
fmall pufliing out of the lips in a figure refcmbling 
the circular charadler which reprefents that found j 
and d by advancing the lips ftill more, and pufliing the 
found out through a chink or foramen more of the 
oblong kind. So that whoever will give but a flight • 
attention in repeating the vowels in this order, will 
perceive a regular and gradual progreffion of the voice, 
from the firft feat of articulation to the extreme ; Ift, 
a a a e o d. The three laft vowels, founded in the 
words bet, fit, but, are in their nature fliort, being 
incapable of prolongation ; on which account ix 
would be found difficult to pronounce them feparate- 
ly, and their true founds can be pointed out only 
in fyllablcs when they are united to fubfcquent con- 

Of the Nature and Formation of Confonants. 

Confonants may be divided into two clafie"!, mutes 
and femivowels. The mutes, are thofe whofe founds 
cannot be prolonged ; the femivowels, fuch whofe 
founds can be continued at pleafure ; partaking of the 
nature of vowels, from which they derive their name. 
There are fix mutes, eb, ed, eg, ek, ep, et. And 
thirteen femivowels, ef, el, em, en, er, es, cv, ez, ettT^ 
eth, efli, ezh, ing. 

The mutes may be fubdivided into pure and impure. 
The pure, are thofe whofe founds cannot be at all 
prolonged. Thefe are, ek, ep, et. The impure, ars 
thofe whofe founds may be continued, though for a 
very fliort fpace. Thefe are, eb, ed, eg. 

The femivowels may be fubdivided into vocal and af- 
pirated. The vocal, are thofe which are formed by the 
voice ; the afpirated, thofe formed by the breath. 
There are nine vocal, and four afpirated. The vocal 
are, el, em, en, er, ev, ez, eth, ezh, ing. The af- 
pirated, ef, es, eth, efli. The vocal femivowels may 
be fubdivided into pure and impure. The pure, fuch 
as are formed entirely by th^ voice : the impure, fuch ' 
as have a mixture of breath with the voice. There 
are five pure— el, em, en, er, ing. Four impure — 
ev, ez, eth, ezh, 

b 2 In 


In order to know the manner of their formation, 
it will be proper to divide them into fcparate claffcs, 
according to the diftcrent feats where they are formed, 
whether the lips, teeth, palate, or nofe ; thence ileno- 
minated, labial, dental, palatine, and nafal. 

The labial are four, eb ep ef ev. 

Dental eight, ed et etiT eth ez efs e(h czh. 

Palatine four, eg ek el er. 

Nafal three, em en ing. 

Eh and ep are formed exa£lly by the fame aftion 
of the lips, which is, by clofing them and interccpt- 
ing'the voice ; and the only difference between them 
is, that in forming eh, the lips at firft only gently 
touch each other, fo as not wholly to prevent fome 
founds ilTuing, and are foon after clofed till the voice 
be entirely intercepted : whereas in forming ep, the 
lips are at once fo forcibly preflcd together, as to pre- 
vent the iffuing of any found. Thefe two are the 
only genuine labial confonants ; that is, entirely form- 
ed by the lips : the other two, being partly labial, and 
partly dental ; that is, they are formed by the appli- 
cation of the under lip to the upper teeth, as ef, ev. 
Here it is alfo to be obferved, that thefe two letters 
are formed by the fame pofition of the organs, and the 
only difference between them is, that ev, is formed 
by the voice and breath mixed ; ef, by the breath only. 
The next in order are the dental, as the feat of 
their formation is neareft to the lips. In forming ed 
and et the tip of the tongue is prelfed againft the upper 
gums, almoft touching the teeth ; and there is no 
other difference between them than what was before 
mentioned with regard to the labials cb and ep ; that 
in the one, the found can be continued ; in the other, 
it can not. In forming ed, the tongue at firft only 
gently touches the ^um, and is gradually prelTcd clofer 
till the foimd is entirely obftruJtcd ; whereas in form- 
ing et, the tongue is at once fo forcibly and clofely 
prefTed to the fame part, that the found is inftantly in- 

£rti and eth are formed by placing the tip of the 
tongue between the teeth, and prefling it againft the 
upper teeth ; and the only difference between them is, 
what was before obferved with regard to ev and^, that 
the one is formed by the buaih only, the other by the 
breath and voice mixed. 

Efs and ez are both formed in the fame manner, by 
turning up the tip of the tongue towards the upper 
gums, but fo as not to touch them ; and thus the 
breath and voice being cut by the fharp point of the 
tongue, and paffing through the narrow chink left be- 
tween that and the gums, are modified into that hill- 
ing found perceptible in the one, and buzzing noife in 
the other. Here alfo the only difference between them 
is, the fame that was juft mentioned with regard to eth 
and et^, that ez is formed by the voice and breath to- 
gether, efs by the breath only. 

E/h and ezh are formed by protruding the tongue to- 
wards the teeth, but fo as not to touch them ; and thus 
the voice and breath pafting over it through a wider 
chink, and not being cut by it on account of its flat 
pofition, have not fo fharp a found as efs and ez. The 
fame diftin(Sion is zlfo to be obferved here, they being 
both formed by the fame pofition of the organs, only 
ezh is by the voice and breath, and ejh by the breath 

Of this clafs there are but two that in ftriiSl pro- 
priety can be called dental j and thofe are eth and etti, 
formed by the application of the tongue to the upper 
teeth, which are not direflly concerned in producing 
any of the other founds ; but as the feat of their form- 
ation is clofe to the teeth, they have obtained the 
name of dental, to diftinguifh them from thofe whofe 
feat is farther removed back towards the palate, and 
thence called palatine. 

The firft of this clafs are el and er, whofe feat of 
formation lies a little behind that of f</and et. El is 
formed by a gentle application of the end of the tongue 
to the roof of the mouth a little behind the feat of cd. 
The preflure muft be as foft as pofTible, fo that the 
found may not be intercepted ; and in this pofition the 
voice glides gently over the fides of the tongue, which 
are in a horizontal pofture, in a ftraight line through 
the mouth. Er is formed by a vibrating motion of 
the tip of the tongue between the upper and under 
jaw, without touching either, and at about the fame 
diftance from the teeth that el is formed. 

Farther back towards the palate are formed eg and 
ei, by raifing the middle of the tongue io as to touch 
the roof of the mouth ; and the only difference of their 
formation is, that in eg the tongue is not fo clofely 
preffed at firft but that the found may continue for a 



13 Semrooivels, ^ 

little while ; and in ek, the voice is wholly intercept- 
ed, in the fame manner as was before mentioned in 
forming ed and et. 

The three confonants, em, en, ing, make up the 
laft clafs, called nafal, on account of the found's ifliiing 
through the nofe. Em is formed by clofing the lips 
much in the fame manner and degree as in eh, with 
this difference, that the voice thus flopped at the lips, 
is permitted to pafs through the nofe. 

En is formed much in the fame feat, and by a like 
application of the organ as el ; only there is more of 
the tongue, and more clofely applied to the roof of the 
mouth, fo as in a great meafure to flop the voice from 
ifluing through that paflage, and to force the greater 
part of it back through the nofe. 

Behind this, much in the fame feat, and fame difpo- 
fition of the organs as in forming the found eg, is pro- 
duced the found ing, by raifing the middle of the 
tongue to a gentle contacS with the roof of the mouth, 
fo as that part of the voice may i/Tue through the 
mouth, and the remainder be forced back through the 

I fhall now exhibit, at one view, a fcheme of the 
whole alphabet, according to the method above laid down. 


Number ofjimple Sounds in our Tongue 28. 

9 Vowels, a a a e 6 o e 1 u 
hall hat hate beer note noofe bet fit but 

fhort 00 
10 Confonants, 


eb ed ef eg ek el em en ep er es 
et ev ez etR eth efh ezh ing. 

2 Superfluous, c, which has the power of ck or efs 
q, that of ek before u. 

2 Compound, j, which flands for edz.h, 
X, for ks or gz. 

1 No letter, h, merely a mark of afpiration. 

Confonants divided into Mutes and Semivowels. 
6 Mutes, eb ed eg ek ep et. 

3 Pure mutes, ek ep et. 

3 Impnre, eb ed eg. 

ef el em en er efs ev ez etR eth 
efli ezh ing. 
g Vocal, el em en er ev ez eth ezh ing. 

4 Afpirated, ef efs etR efh. 

The Vocal Semivovjels fubdividcd into Pure and Impure : 
Divided again into 

5 Pure, el em en er ing. 
4 Impure, ev ez eth ezh. 

4 Labial, eb ep ev ef. 

8 Dental, ed et eth etR ez efs ezh efh. 

4 Palatine, eg ek el er. 

3 Nafal, em' en ing. 


0/ Diphthongs. 

IjrAVING examined all the fimple founds in our 
tongue, I fliall now proceed to the double founds 
or diphthongs. 

There are two of our diphthongs which have ufu- 
ally pafled for fimple founds, becaufe they are for the 
mofl part marked by fingle chara(Sers, which are i 
and u, as founded in the words fight, blue ; the 
founds given ta thofe vowels in repeating our alpha- 
bet. But in reality they are perfecl diphthongs. 
The found 1 is compofed of the fullcfl and flenderefl 
of our vowels, a and e ; the firfl made by the largefl, 
and the latter by the fmallefl aperture of the mouth. 
If we attend to the procefs in forming this found, 
we fhall find that the mouth is firft opened to the 
fame degree of aperture, and is in the fame pofition, 
as it it were going to found a ; but before the voice 
can get a pafTage through the lips, the under jaw is 
drawn near to the upper in the fame pofition as when 
the vowel e is formed'; and thus the full found, 
checked by the flender one, and coalefcing with it, 
produces a third found, different from both, which 
is the diphthong 1. 

The diphthong u is compofed of the founds e and 
o; the formerly fo rapidly uttered, and falling io 
quickly into the found o, that its own diflind power 
is not heard ; and thus a third found or diphthono- 
is formed by the jundion of the two vowels. 



The dtplithoiig ci or oy is fdrnied, by a union of 
t'le (dmc vowels as that of. uy that is a c ; with this 
difference, jhat the firft vowcli, being dwelt upon, 
is diftiniilly lieard before its found is changed by 
its junction with the latter vowel e ; as ei, noife. 

The diphthong c«or oiu is compofed of the founds a 
and o ; and is formed much in tha fatne manner as i ; the 
mouth being at firll in the pofidon of founding ;1, 
but before that found is perfected, by a motion of 
the under jaw and lips to the pofition of founding 
o, the iirft found a is checked and blended with the 
latter o, from which refults the diphthong ou or oiv, 
as in tlmu, n:vi. 

All the other diphthongs of our tongue are formed 
by the fhort founds of o and e marked by the cha- 
racters «; and ;i, preceding all the other vowels and 
combining with them : as thus ; 

w or ftiort 6. y or fliort e. 

waft wage wall. yard yare y.iwl. 

wed Weed. yet yield. 

Wit woe woo. yon yoke youth. 

u young, 


Of the Manner of forming certain Sounds. 

7 T will be neceflary for all who wifh to pronounce 
Englifh properly, to make themfelves perfeft in all 
the fimple founds and diphthongs enumerated and ex- 
plained above, before they proceed any further. And 
more particularly foreigners (hould be conftantly ex- 
ercifcd in thofe founds which are peculiar to the Eng- 
lifh, and are not found in their ov.'n tongues. For 
which purpofe I fliall point out fuch founds as the 
French have not, that being a language generally 
fpokcn by foreigners. 

In the French tongue arc to be found the founds 
of all ©ur vowels, and all our confonantn, except 
eth, i?/tT and ing, I have already defcribed the mode 
of forming the two founds of etH and eth ; but as 
tliefe are the peculiar founds whl'ch fcarrc any 
Frenchman or foreigner can conquer, I fhallbe 
more full in my directions about them. It mufl be 
fcbicxvcd then, that in the French tuiigue all tli: ir- 

^ ticulations are formed within the mouth, and the 
tongue is never protruded beyond the teeth ; cftnfe- 
qucntly, unlefs they arc told to do it, they will never 
of themfelves place the' organ in a pofition that it 
never had been in before ; fo that when they are 
urged to pronounce that new found; as in the word 
then, witliout having the mcchanifm of the organs 
pointed out to them, they naturally utter the found 
that is neareft to it in their own tongue, and call it 
den; in like manner they pronounce thin, tin ; chang- 
ing eth to a d, and et^, to a /. And this they con- 
tinue to do all their lives in all words containing thofe 
founds, for want of being informed of the following 
plain fimple method of neceffarily producing thofe 
founds, if it be but flriiflly follow?d. Suppofe then 
you were defirous of fhcwing a foreigner how he 
fhould form the found eth when it begins a word or 
fyllable. Defire him to protrude the tip of his 
tongue between his teeth and fomewhat beyond 
them ; in that pofition let him prefs it againft the 
upper teeth without at all touching the under; then 
let him utter any voice with an intention to found 
the word then, and draw back the tongue at the fame 
time behind his teeth, and the right found will nc- 
cefTarily be produced. To pronounce the et^, the 
organs muft be exactly in the fame pofition, but 
previous to the withdrawing of the tongue, inftead 
of any voice, he muft emit breath only, which will 
as certainly produce the word tliin. 

^Vhcn thefe founds end a word or fyllable, as in 
the words breathe, breath, he muft be told, that in- 
liaiUnneoufly after founding the preceding letters, he 
is to linifli the word by applying the tip of the tongue 
to the edge of the upper teeth as before ; and in 
founding the word breathe, the voice is to be con- 
tinued to thec;id; whilft in. that of breath, the voice 
is cut off ajt the vowel, and the confonaiit t'H is 
formed by the breath only. In both cafes it will 
be of ufe to continue the tongue in the fame pofition 
for fome time after the formation of the letter^ at 
the fame time prolonging the found of the voice in 
the former, and of the breath in the latter, till by 
praflice the founds become familiar. 

The confonant marked by ing, is perhaps peculiar 

to the Englifli language. There is a found in the 

French nearly approaching to it, to be found in fuch 

5 words 


V/orii zs dent or car/ip, and in all tlieir nal'al vowels. 
The only dificience between them is, that in forming 
the French founds, tbe tongue does not touch the roof 
of the mouth as in producing the Engiifii ing, though 
in other refped^s it be in a fimilar pofition. If there- 
fore a foreigner wants to produce this found, he has 
only to raife the middle of his tongue into a gende 
contad with the roof of his mouth in prorlbimcing any 
of the nalal vowels ; and in this way ,the French 
nafal vowel founded in the word dent will be con- 
verted into the Knglifh confcnant heard in the word 

With rcg\rd to diphthonc;?, t!-,e Englifli. have 
feveral not to be found in the French tongue. Of 
this number are the firft four enumerated above, viz. 
!, u, oi or oy, and on or ew. There is a iouhd in 
the French fomewhat refembli-ng our T, to be found 
in fuch words as vin, Jin, but that there is a dif- 
ference between them will be immediately perceptible 
by founding after them our words vine, fine. And 
the difference confifls in this, that their diphthong 
is formed of the vowels a i, and ours of the vowels 
a 1 ; fo that in order to produce that found, you are 
to defire a foreigner to open his mouth as wide as if 
he were going to pronounce a, and meant to found 
that vowel ; but on the firft effort of the voice for 
that furpofe, to check its progrcfs by a fudden mo- 
tion of the under jaw towards t'ne upper, flopping it 
in that fituation in which the found e is formed, and 
tlien inftantly cutting off all found. Thus as the 
found of a is not completed, nor the found of e 
continued, there refults from the union of the two 
a third found or diphthong which has no refemblance 
to eisher, and yet is a compound of both. 

Our diphthong u has alfo a found that refembles it 
in French, to be found in the words Dim, mieux ; but 
the difference will inftantly be perceived by founding 
after them our words deio, mc-ju ; and it confifts in this, 
that their diphthong terminates in the French vowel 
eu, a found which we have not in our tongue, and 
is theiefore found very hard to be formed by Englifli 
organs ; and ours terniinates in o. To form It pro- 
perly therefore, a for>."igner is to be told that it is 
rompofed of the founds e and o, the firft found not 
completed but rapidly running into the laft; and he 
is to foiifuler it a? endinq; in the French ou^ not en. 

Our pronoun you'is au.exaft rep:cfentation t<Ta French 
eye of the found of u. 

To form the diphthon;^ oi or oy it is neccffary to 
pronounce the full found of a, dwelling fome time 
on the vowel, before the found is intercepted by the 
motion of the under-jaw, to the pofition of forming 
•the (lender found e, and then the voice is inftantly to 
ceafe. This diphthon-g differs from that of i only 
in this, that the firftvowel i is diftindly heard, be- 
fore it unites with the latter vowel e. This diph- 
thong 'is rcprcfented two ways, either by oi or oy, as 
in noife, boys. 

To produce the diphthong cu or ow, as in cut, owl, 
it is neceffary tiiat there (liould be the greateft aperture 
of the mouth as if it were about to form the found a ; but 
before that found is completed the organs are to change 
to the pofition of pronouncing o, by a rapid motion 
of the under-jaw towards the upper, and protruding 
the lips in the form of founding 6, at the fame time 
flopping the: voice fliort ; and thus, as in the diph- 
thong 1, by having neither the found of the former 
or latter vowel completed, there arifes from the 
coalefcence of the two, a third found different froui 
both, which is the diphthong ou or ow. 

All tjje other diphthongs in our tongue are formed 
by the fliort founds of o and e, reprefented by the 
charaflers w and y, and combined with all the other 
vowels when they precede them in the fame fyllable; 

To inflrui): foreigners in the true pronunciation of 
thefe, it will be only neceffary to Inform them that 
our w anfwers exadlly in found and power to the French 
ou, when it forms a diphthong. As for inftance, our 
pronoun we is individually the fiime found as their af- 
firmative uzi/; and the miftake which they conftantly 
commit of founding that letter like a v, has been 
owing to their not being informed of the true nature 
of the found, and taking up their idea of it from the 
character *vhich reprefents it, wherein two interwoven 
1/ees w are exhibited to view :■ but if in all diphthongs 
commencing with that letter they will place their 
lips in the pofition of forming the French ou, or 
Englifli o, they cannot fail of producing the proper 

In like manner, all diphiliongs formed by our y are 
to be confidered by them as anfv/ering to thofe formed 
either by their ;', as in the words mieux, viande, bicn ; 


or their y, as in the laft fyllabies of the words voyage, 
royaume, moyen. 

Belide thole which I have enumerated and dcfcribed, 
there is a vaft variety of combinations of vowels in our 
tongue, which have been moft: abfurdly called diph- 
thongs by our grammarians, when in reality they are 
only fo many different ways of reprefenting the fame 
fimple founds of our vowels. To diftinguifh fuch 
from the true diphthongs, which means double- 
founding, I (hall take the liberty of coining a new 
word, and fliali call them digraphs, or double written. 


Of the UJe and Abuje of Letters hi fpelUng or 
reprefenting Words. 

TTTHEN written words are confidered as the types 
of founds, in order to make them correfpond to 
their archetypes, the four following rules fliould be 
ftriiSly obferved. 

1. No charafter fhould be fet down in any word 
which is not pronounced. 

2. Every diftind fimple found fliould have a diftinft 
charadter to mark it, for which it fliould uniformly 

3. The fame charafter fliould never be fet down as 
the reprefentative of two different founds. 

4. All compound founds fhould be marked only 
by fuch charadlers, as will naturally and neceffarily 
produce thofe founds, upon their being pronounced ac- 
cording to their names in the alphabet. 

Thefe rules were ftri<SHy obferved in the two juftly 
celebrated languages of old Greece and Rome, info- 
much that the knowledge of their alphabet alone, to- 
gether with the manner of their joining letters fo as to 
niakc fyllabies and words, enabled every one, without 
farther aid of rules or matters, to pronounce their words 
properly at fight in reading ; and the praflice of a 
few weeks only might render them adepts in the art. 
Whereas in the Englifh all thefe rules are fo frequently 
violated, or rather indeed fo totally difregarded, that 
little or no affiftance can be derived to pronunciation 
from hooks, and the art of reading properly requires 
the labour of many years. 

Such indeed is the ftate of our written language, 
that the darkeft hieroglyphics, or moft difficult cyphers 
which the art of man has hitherto invented, were not 
better calculated to conceal the fentiments of thofe who 
ufed them from all who had not the key, than the 
ftate of our fpelling is to conceal the true pronuncia- 
tion of our words, from all except a 'izv^ well-educatod 
natives. The original fource of this lay in a defedlive 
alphabet, as has been before mentioned ; but there 
were other caufes which contributed to increafe thte 
confufion, that have been fet forth in an exprefs 
treatife for that purpofe, to which the curious reader 
is referred *. 

At prefent I fhall content myfelf with exhibiting 
to view fuch fpecimens of irregularity in marking our 
founds, as it is neceffary the learner fhould be aware 
of, before he enters upon the rules which are to guide 
him through this labyrinth to a juft pronunciation. 

Same Sounds of Vowels marked in a Variety of dif- 
ferent IVays. 

a far 
au laugh 
ai plaifter 
ea heart 
all ftiall 
i firrah 









e he 

ea fea 

ei deceit 

ey key 

oe fcetus 

ie field 

ce fee 

eo people 

i machine 00 door 

oa load 

oe doe 

ou foul 

ough dough 

ow blow 

rau beau 

ew few 

all call 
al talk 
au laud 
augh taught 
aw cla.v 
oa broad 
CO George 
o form 
ou^h oua;ht 

o who 
00 too 
ou you 
ough through 
oe flioe 
wo two 

* Vid. Lediires on Eiocuti'n. Dillcrtaiion, hz, 
p. 232. 


Ch has three founds. 

Gh has two founds, 

and is often mute, as in 

XV It 














































Difflrenf Sounds mar'ced by the Jittne Vowels, 

there here who go 

u u 

grove prove love door noon blood 

bear hear head heart fourth youth tough moutff. 

With many other inftanccs of irregularity in mark- 
ing our vowels too tedious to enumerate. Nor fliall 
we lind the ftate of our corjfonants much better. 

B is often mute, as in 
C has three founds, 

F has its found marked by 
two diiFerent combinations 
of letters, 

G has two founds, 

J has the fame found as that 
of 2d G, - - 

S has four founds, - 

T alfo has four founds, 

debt, tomb, 
'k care, 
s ccafe, 
fti focial. 

ph Philip, 


k chorus, 
fh chaife, 
ch chair, 

X has three founds, 
Th has two founds, 

From a view of fuch amazing diforder and confufion 
in our manner of marking founds, it may be thought 
an imprafticable tafk to attempt teaching a right pro- 
nunciation of our v/ords by means of the written 
language ; and yet I doubt not, if the learner will but 
take fuitable pains, and commit to memory the rules 
hereafter to be laid down upon that head, but that 
he will compafs the point in a much fhorter fpace of 
time than could be well imagined., For this purpofc, 
1 (hall firft lay down rules relative to the confonants, 
as what regards ^he pronunciation of the vowels can- 
not be explained till I come to treat of words. 


This confonant has always the fame foijnd when 
pronounced, but it is often filent. It is always io 
when followed by a i in the fame fyllable, as in debt^ 
doubt; or preceded by an «;, as tomb, dumb; as alfo 
in the woid fubik. 


C is a redundant charailCr when Handing by iifelf, 
fupplying the place either of a k or an s. When it 
takes an h after it, it has its ufe, which fhall be ex- 
plained hereafter. It has the found of i before the 
vowels a, o, and u ; of s before e and /. So that found- 
ing this letter in the following manner : 

ca ce ci co cu 

ka sc si ko ku. 

after the feveral vowels as marked above, will afTord 
a certain rule for applying its dift'erent founds properly 5 
except when preceded by an s in the fame fyllable be- 
fore an e, of which more hereafter. 

It is utterly ufelefs when followed by a /f in the fame 
fyllable, as \njlick. Jack, traffck. It has alfo another 
found, fupplying the place of Jh, when it precedes the 
termination eous or ious ; as ia cetacfcw, gracious, 
pronounced fetaflius, grafhus. It is fometimes filent, 
as in the words nwfdc, iiuili}, 

c D This 



This letter has always the fame found by thofc who 
pronounce Eng'ifli well ; but the Provincials, particu- 
larly the Irifli, Scotch, and Welfh, in many words 
thicken the found by a mixture of breath. Thus 
though they found the d right in the pofitives loud and 
broad, in tiie comparative degree they thicken it by an 
afpiration ; and found it as if it were written loudher, 
broadhcr. This vicious pronunciation is produced by 
pufliing the tongue forward fo as to touch the teeth 
in forming that found ; and the way to cure it is eafy, 
for as they can pronounce the d properly in the word 
loud, let them reft a little upon that fyllable, keeping 
the tongue in the pofuion of forming «£, and then let 
them feparate it from the upper gum without pufhing 
it forward, and thj found der will be produced of 
courfe. For the organ being left in the pofition of 
founding d zt the end of the fyllable loud, is necellarily 
in the pofition of forming the fame d in uttering the 
lafl fyllable, unlefs it makes a new movement, as in the 
cafe of protruding it fo as to touch the teeth. This 
letter is fometimes, though not often, quiefcent, as in 
the words handkerchief, handfome, handfcl. 

F has always its own found except in the particle of, 
where it has the power of a v, and is founded cv, to 
(liftiiiguifli it from the word cff"\n found as well as in 
fpelling. Though it is conftant to its found wlien 
finglc, yet it is often marked by two ff's, as in choff, 
faff; foraetimes by fh, both in the beginning and 
ending of words, as in philofophy, epitaph ; and fome- 
times hy gh, as in laii^h, cough: of which more in its 
proper place, 


G has two founds, one peculiar to itfclf, as in ^aW; 
the other in common withy, as in gentle. The full 
of thefe may be called hard, the other foft ^. It has, 
like c, always its firft or hard found before the vowels 
{I, 0, u ; in general its fecond or foft found before e 
and y ; but is very dubious before ;", fo as not to be 
reducible to any rule. However, its powers in general 
may be known by repeating the following fyll.ibles, ga, 

je. }''"■ gi. go. g"> jy- 

Before the vowel e, it has its foft found in all words 
in common ufc, except gear, geffe, gtld and its deri- 
v.itivcs J get and its derivatives j and its hard found 

is to be found only in fome proper names derived 
from the Hebrew, or technical terms from the Greek, 

This letter is frequently filent. i^. When followed 
by an m, as in phlegm ; 2dly, -'y an n, as in reign, 
condign ; 3dly, By an h, as in light, fought ; except 
where gh affumes the power of an /, as in laugh, of 
which more hereafter. 


This character is no mark of any ai'ticulate found, 
but is a mere fign of afpiration, or effort of the 
breath. This is the only power it has when fingle, 
and all words beginning with that letter are to be 
preceded by an effort of the breath, except only the 
following : heir, honcfl, honour, hofpital, hojiler, hour^ 
humour, humble, humbles. Kut it is put to a variety of 
other ufes wherever the defedls of our alphabet are 
wanted to be fupplied. United to c, ch, it ftands for 
the compound found tjh, as charm, pronounced tftiarm. 
With /, it ftands for two founds, then and fh/;/.' 'With 
s for (Jh, as fhali. Ch likewife ftands for k in chorus ; 
for /in philofophy; as does gh in laugh. In con- 
juniaion with g too, it ferves to fliew that it is filenf, 
as in thought. With fome others which fliall be con- 
fidered in treating of combined letters. 

This letter is the reprefentative of a compound 
fuund made up of d and zh, or afpirated z. This is 
a difficult found to fuch foreigners as have it not in 
their feveral tongues ; and to enable them to pro- 
nounce it, it is only rcqiiifite to them firft to 
form the letter d with a vowel before it, as ed, keep- 
ing the tongue in the pofition that it has when that 
leiter is formed ; then let them try to found the French 
/, which is exaflly the fame found as I have called the 
afpirated z or ezh, antl the compound found of edzh or 
d2.ha, will be produced. To facrlitate this, it will be 
proper to prefcnt the firft of thcfe to the eye, fpelt with 
the French j, as thus edje — and afterwards, in order 
to begin a fyllable with that found, which is more dif- 
ficult than cc«>cluding with it, let them place the 
tongue in the pofition of founding ed, and without 
uttering the previous vowel let them run the found 
of d into that of the fubfequenty followed by a vowel, 
as djoy [joy], djoke [jok^;]. This letter is never 
filent, and has always the fime found, which is. alfo 
reprcfciitcU by foft g, as in ;'</?, gejlwe. 

K I1.1S 


K has always the fame found, reprefentcd alfo by 
hard c, as king, card. It is always filenl when it pre- 
cedes an n in the fame fyllable, as know, knot ; pro- 
nounced no, not ; and is fuperfluous when annexed to 
a hard c, as in lock, f'lck. 


L has always one uniform found, and is never filent 

but when followed by an m in the fame fyllable, as 

balm, pfrJm. In one word only it is founded as r, 

colonel — pronounced tuntcl. 


Af is alfo uniform in its found, and is never fijent. 

iV is likewife uniform, but 'is always mute after m 
in the fame fylLible, as in hymn, condemn. When it 
precedes g it reprefents another fimple found to be 
mentioned hereafter. 


This letter has always one uniform found except 
when joined to an h, and then it ailUmes the power of 
any, as philofophy, 

^ has always the power of a k, for which letter it 
Hands only when it precedes a u followed by fome 
other vowel, as in the words quarrel, quejlion, anti- 
quity ; where the two vowels are combined in a diph- 
thong found ; or the words pique, antique, where the 
two latter vowels are filent, and the found of the con- 
fonant k finiflies the fyllable. 

This letter is always followed by a a in the French 
as well as in Englifh ; but the difference between their 
ufe of it and ours confifts in this, that in the French 
the u is filent, and the q unites itfelf immediately with 
the following vowel, having the found of >^, With us 
the u forms a diphthong with the following vowel, in 
the fame manner as in the word quoi, the only one in 
the French into which the diphthong found is ad- 
mitted. This will be fufficient to point out its true 
pronunciation to foreigners. It is never filent. 

This letter has always the fame found, and is never 


S (lands for four different founds; i^. Its own 
peculiar found, as in Jo, yes; adly, z, as in rofe ; 
^cly, /^j zs \v\ pajjion ; 4thly, zh, as in ofier. 

L G R A M M A R- xix 

It has its own proper found of s always at the be- 
ginning of words. The fame at the end of words, 
I ft. When they terminate in as, except in the mono- 
fyllable as. Lis, was, and the plurals of nouns ending 
in ea, fuch as feas, pleas, &c. 2'ily, In all words 
ending in double y}, asfaultlefs, dcprefs, kc. ^i]]y. 
All words ending in is, as this, tennis ; except the 
verb is, and the pronoun kis, where it has the found 
of z. 4thly, All ending in us and oiis; as circus, ge- 
nius; cutaneous, naufeous, 5thly, When preceded irt 
the fame fyllable by any of the pure mutes, i, p, t, or 
th andy"; as licks, caps, hats, baths, feoffs. 

It has tile found of z, ift, W^hen preceded in the 
lame fyllable by any other confonant befide the pure 
mutes, k, p, t; and two of the afpirated fsmivowels, 
/h andy"; as blabs, beds, begs, bells, dams, kc. 2dly, It 
has the found of z when finifliing a word preceded 
hy the vowel e, as riches, feries ; except when pre- 
ceded by a pure mute in the fame fyllable, as dates, 
cakes, &c. 

It has the found of fi in all words ending in fiin 
preceded by a confonant ; as in emuJjion, expanfion, dif- 
perfisn. Sic. 

And of zh in Jion, preceded by a vowel ; as in oc- 
cafton, cohefion, incifion, explofion, confufim. As alfo iti 
all words ending in Jier, as crofier, hofier. 


This letter has its own proper found at the begin- 
ning of all words, and at the end of fyllables. 

It has the found of s in the word fatiety. 

It has the found o( Jh in all terminations in tion, as 
nation, JanJficn, notion, &c, ; except when an s pre- 
cedes, in which cafe it takes the found of tfl> ufually 
marked by ch, as que/Hon, ballon, &c. In like man- 
ner i has the found of Jb in all terminations in tiul, 
as martial, nuptial; except when preceded by an s, as 
in bejlial, celejlial, when it has alfo the found of ch. 

In pronouncing this letter the Irifh and other pro- 
vincials thicken the found as was before mentioned 
with regard to the d; for better, they fay betther ; for 
utter, utther, and fo on in all words of that ftruflure. 
This faulty manner arifes from the fame caufe that was 
mentioned as affeding the found of the d, I mean the 
protruding of the tongue fo as to touch the teeth ; and 
is currible only in the fame way. 

c 2 V has- 




V has always one uniform found, and is never 


This charadlcr {lands for two compound founds, 
one which has the power of ks, the other of gz. At 
the end of words it has always the found of ks, as in 
veXy tax. 

1. When it is found in the firfl fyllable of a word, 
and has the accent upon it, it has always the found 
oi ks — as cxercifc, extrhnte. 

2. When it is followed in the next fyllable by a 
confonant, or afpirated h, it has ftill the found of ks, 
v/herever the accent may lie, as in exculpate, exhibition, 

3. When followed by a vowel, if the accent do not 
immediately lie upon that fyil^ble, it is ftill pronoun- 
ced ks, as in executioner. 

4. But if the accent be immediately upon the fol- 
lowing fyllable beginning with a vowel, the found of 
.V is then changed to ^z ; as in example, exalt, exert, 
exijf, exonerate, exuberant, &c. And thus a fure rule 
is provided for the right pronunciation of the letter x 
in all cafes, as it is to have the found of ks in every 
fituation except when followed by an accented fyllable 
beginning with a vowel ; to aflift the memory in 
which it is only neceflary to haverecourfe to two words, 
fuch as execute, executor. There is but one cafe in 
which there are exceptions to this general rule, and that 
is v/hcre the found of g% is prefcrved in fome words 
contrary to. the maxim above laid down; which is 
only in a few derivatives from primitives that have the 
found of j'z in them, according to the laftrule. Thus 
the words exemplary from example, and exaltation from 
exalt, muft be founded egzemplary and egzaltation, 
though the accent be changed to the firfl fyllable in 
the former, and to the third in the latter. And the 
fame muft be obferved with regard to all words of this 

This letter is feen in very itvi words of Englifh, 
as its power has been for the moft part ufurped by s. 
It reprefents two founds; one its own, as in ra7j)r ; 
the other z^, or French _/, as in azure; and both of 
thefc arc fupplicJ by s, as in reafon, ofur. 

Having done with all the confonanfs that appear in 
our alphabet, I fhajl now proceed to examine fuch 
fimple founds as have no peculiar charadlers to mark 
them, and are therefore reprefented by two letters. 

T7>, ttx 

Thefe are two different founds marked by the f-imer 
combination of th. Their nature and manner of 
formation have been already fufficiently explained ; 
there remains now to point out the right application 
of this mark to its two different ufes. 

In the beginning of words /ti has always its afpi- 
rated found, or is formed wholly by the breath, except 
I ft, in the pronoun thou, and its derivatives, as thesy 
them, thine, their, &c. ; and zdly, in the following 
monofyllables, than, that, the, their, then, thence, there, 
this, thither, thou, thy, though, thus ; in all which it 
has its vocal found. With r or w after it, it has al- 
ways the found of tfi ; as fHrow, ttitvart. 

At the end of words /It his its afpirated found, ex- 
cept in the following words ; to Jheath, beneath, un- 
derneath, wreath, to fceth, booth, fniooth, lo footh. The 
particle ivith is fometimes afpirated, fometimes vocal ; 
afpirated before a confonant, vocal before a vowel ; as 
tvlt^Jlancl^ -ivithout. And the fame is to be obferved 
when it is not compounded, but in its detached ftate j 
as, w/VlT many more, n;ith all my heart. 

It has always its vocal found when followed by a 
final mute e in the fame fyllable; as in bathe, breathe. 

When followed by a _y in the laft fyllable it has ita 
afpirate found, as^7«/'fl/Ay, healthy; except in the words 
wreathy and worthy. 

In all other fituations of th, when in any middle 
fyllables of words, the moft general ri:le is, that it has 
the afpirate found before coiifonants, and the vocal before 
vowels ; except in dcrivntive and compound words, 
which retain the found of their primitives ; thus loath' 
fome retains the primitive found of to loath, though pre- 
ceding a confonant; and tootlTing the original afpi- 
rate of tooth though preceding a vowel. 

In a few inftances th is founded as it always is ia 
French, like a fingle / ; and thefe arc the words, thilly 
thyme, Thames, and Thomas. 

This is the proper mark for the found which I have 
called ejl}, to be found in /;«//, wijh ; and wherever it 



appears it has invariably the fame found and is never 
filent. But the power of this combination is ufurped 
in much the greater number of words, containing the 
found of which it is the proper reprefentative, by the 
letters <:, t, and s. By ^ and t in all words ending in 
c'lal and tial, as facial, partial ; in cion and tion, as 
fufpicion, nation; in cious, and tious, lii capricious, conten- 
tious ; in ceous, as cetaceous; and in Jion by an s wherever 
preceded by another s, as imprcjjiin. It is alfo repre- 
fented by cb in words taken from the French, as 
chevalier, machine. 

In order to pronounce properly this combination of 
letters, which is no where to be found in the French, it 
will be only neceflary to inform foreigners that our JJi has 
imiformly the fame ibund as the French ch in the words 
charite, chcre, &c, 

This found which I have called ezh in the lift of 
letters, has hitherto got no peculiar mark to reprefent 
it ; I have therefore added an ^ to z fcr its mark, 
as making it correfpond to its correlative Jh. It is 
fometimes, though but feldom, reprefented by a z, as 
in azure; but its general mark is an s in the termina- 
► tion fion preceded by any of the vowels, ajion, eftcn, 
ifion, ofisn, uftm — as occaficn, coheficn, divijion, explo- 
f:on, infufion. This found is exaftly the fame as that 
of the French j ; and foreigners are to avoid pro- 
nouncing words of this ftrudure in the French man- 
ner, as if they confided of four fyllables thus divided 
cc-ca-f: on; but to make only three fyllables of them, 
reducing the two laft into one, and pronouncing the 
word as if it were thus fpelt occajun, giving the found 
of the French y to that confonant. 

The found of thefe combined letters is always uni- 
form at the end of words, and is never filent. But 
as there are different founds annexed to the fame 
apparent combination, it will be neceflary ta fhew 
wherein the difference confifts. ift. Whenever «^has 
a mute e after it, its found is changed to a mixed one 
of n and j, or foft g, as in the words range, Jirange. 
adly. When a fyllable is added to the primitives end- 
ing in ng, it generally flows into the next fyllable 
with only its own found, as in hmtg, hanger; wrong, 
vjronger ; yet fometimes it lends the found of the l.tft 


g in its hard flate to the next fyllable, as long, longer ; 
Jlrong, Jlroiiger ; which fhould be pronounced as if 
written \ong-ger, ftrong-^^r. Thefe two, with the 
word younger, pronounced^-ger, are the only 
exceptions to the firft rule. To thefe may be added 
likewife fome primitive words that alfo add the hard g 
to the laft fyllable : thefe are anger, linger, finger^ 
conger, monger, with all derivatives, z.^ fijhmonger, &c. 
3dly, All words ending in nge retain the primitive 
found with the fucceeding fyllable when added to it, 
as range, ranger ; Jlrange, Jlranger j challenge, chal- 
lenger. All other words ending in ger, preceded by 
an n clofing the former fyllable have the found of foft 
g or j, as mejjhiger, harbinger, &c. 

Of Confonant Digraphs. 

I have before (hewn a large lift of fimple founds 
marked by two vowels, which I call Digraphs; I ftiall 
now enumerate the inftanccs of confonants where two 
are prcfented to the eye, and but one founded, in the 
f>;me fyllable. 

it debt doubt b filent. 

ck crack attack c 

gn fign malign g 

gn gnat gnaw g 

g;n flegm apothegm g 

hi knife .know k 

hi balm pfalm / 

vib lamb limb b 

?nn hymn contemn n 

ur wry wrong w 

All the above are conftantly filent when combined 
in the fame fyllable. Bcfide thefe, there are four 
other combinations applied to different purpofes ; and 
thefe areyi", ch, gh, and zuh. 
This combination is fometimes founded as fimple s, 
as in fene; fometimes as_/J, as \r\ feoff. The fame rule 
which pointed out the true pronunciation off before the 
different vowels, will ferve in this cafe alfo, only 
prefixi,-:g an s, " 

kfi se 61 ko ku 

Ika se si fko fku 
where r is filent before e and i, except only in the word 
feptic, founded Ikeptic, and its derivatives. 



This combination is pronounced in three different 
ways, to be found in the words charm, chorus, chivalry. 
The I ft is the compound of t/h, the 2d has the found 
of ki and the 3d of Jh. 

The I ft or compound found of tftj is what prevails 
in all Englifh words in common ufe, before all the 
vowels *. 

The 2d in proper names and technical terms derived 
from the Greek. 

The 3d in technical terms and a few other words 
adopted from the French. 

The words in common ufe which differ from the 
ufual pronunciation of ch are thefe that follow, with 
their derivatives : 

k /j 

chamclion chagrin 

chamomile chamois 

chaos champaign (wine) 

charadter champignon 

chimera chandelier 

chirurgier chevalier 

choler chicane 

cholic chivalry 

chord chaife 

chorus chamade 

chyle « chancre, 


All words terminating in ch have the general found 
of tjh, except the following : 

jlch and its derivatives, as headach, &c. 

Lilach, maftichjdiftich, hemiftich, conch, anarch, 
monarch, hicrarch, tetrarch, herefiarch, eunuch, 

* To facilitate the pronunciation of this found to fo- 
reign organs, it will be only necenary to follow the fame 
method as was before propofed with regard to the lettcry, 
with this difference, that a / inftead of a <»'is to be formed 
in the manner there defcribed, preceding the found of the 
J'rench ch — as etch, 12 

loch, ftomach, founded as k — and yacht, where ch 
is iilent, pronounced yot. 


This combination is fometimes founded as hard ^, 
fometimes asy, and is often filent ; as in the words 
ghoj}, laugh, light. 

It has the found of hard g at the beginning of ail 

It is filent at the end of words and fyllables, as in 
high, neigh, daugh-Xtr, except only in the following, 
where it affumes the power of f- — 

cough chough enough laugh rough tough j 
fowuled cof chuf enuf laf ruf tuf. 

And in the following — 

hiccough Jhough lough htigh ; 
founded hiccup fholc lok blithe. 

The word lough, for lake, has a peculiar guttural 
found in the Irifh pronunciation not fuited to Englifh 
organs, by v/hom it is in general pronounced lok. 

This combination is two ways employed ; in the. 
firft, it has only the power of a fmiple /;, as in -who, 
founded hoo, where the w is utterly ufelefs. 

In the fecond the w forms a diphthong with the 
vowel that follows the h, whofe afpirate found pre- 
cedes the w, as in when, pronounced as if written 

As in all founds of this fort the afpirate precedes the 
vocal found, it has been a great abfurdity to place the 
/; in writing after the vj, inftead of before, which error 
I have reformed in marking thofc founds in the Dic- 
tionary. Thefe different ufes of wh may be pointed 
out by one fimple rule, which is, that it never ftands 
for the fimple afpirate h except before the vowel ; when 
it precedes any of the other vowels, the w forms diph- 
thongs in conjunflion with them, preceded by the 
afpirates ; as, 

whale wheel ivhile why, 

hoale h()el hoile hoy; 

while the w is filent before the vowel 0, as in 

who luhole ivhoop ; 

ho hole h('p. 



Rile i for the Pronimciation of Englijh PFoi'ds. 

Of Monofyllabla. 

■\/TONOSYLLABLES ending in fingle confo- 
nants, have their accent or ftrefs on the con- 
fonant ; and in that cafe the vowels, with very few 
exceptions, have their firil founds, as marked in the 

hat let ft vet but ; 

and this, whether the monofyllable confifts of 2, 3, 4, 
or 5 letters ; as, 

am led fpit Jircp Jlriuk. 
But this rule refers only to fuch monofyllables as 
contain but one vowel. 


1. When a precedes r the accent is on the vowel, 
■which is thus made long, though it retains the fame 
found ; as car, bar, far. 

It has the found of 6 in 'iXdSy vjad ; and of a in 

2. The vowels e and / before r change their found 
to that of u — as her,f;r,Ji'ir; pronounced hur,fui\J}ur. 

3. The vowel e has the found of / in yes, (yis) 
that of u in foil (sun), and ?< has its 2d found in put. 

Of Moncfyllables ending in more Confonanti than one. 

Here it is to be obferved, in the firft place, that 
where the fame confonant is doubled at the end, as the 
two have only the found of a fingle one, the pre- 
ceding rowtl is governed by the fame laws as if there 
were but one : Ex. odd, Jhff, l.fs. Fxcept the word 
hfs, inmufic, where a has its fecond found. It is the 
fame when two different confonants are prefcnted to 
the eye, with but one found, as in back, Jlict. 

With regard to monofyllables ending in two or 
niore confonants whofe founds are pronounced, fome 
rowels follow the fame laws as thofe terminated by 
fingle confonants ; others are governed by diti'erent 
ru]js. The vowels which follow the fame law^ are e 

and u. The other three differ from them. I fhall 
now fliew the rules in order by which they are go- 

A preceding more final confonants than one, fol- 
lows in general the fame laws as when before a fingle 
one; as in caji, ant, gafp. 

Before r the fame rule is obferved of laying the 
accent on the vowel ; as barn, harm, mart. 

When preceded by a w, and followed by an r, 
it has its third long found ; as wa rd, wa rm, thwa'rt. 
When preceded by a tt; and followed by any other 
confonants, it has the found of 6 ; as wafl>, watch, 
pronounced wofh, vvotfh. — To this the words waft 
and wifp are exceptions. 


1. When a precedes 2 //'s it has always its third 
long found; as call, fall, wall; except fhall, and 

2. When a precedes I, followed by different confo- 
nants, it has different powers. 

Before Id and It it has its third long found ; as 
billd, hilt. 

Before /i it has alfo its third found, and the / is 
mute ; as talk, walk. 

Before tn it has its firft long found in ba'tiT, la'ttT, 
pa tti : its firfl fhort found in hatft' ; and third long 
found in wra tlT. 


E before two or more final confonants has alwTiys 
the hrft found ; as,, bend', help', length'. 


This vowel before two or more final confonants- 
has fometimes its firll, fometimes its fecond found. 

It has its firft found before all terminations, e.tcept. 
Id, nd, ght ; as, sing, ink, d'fh, mul, witch, h!nt^ 
except pint. 

It has its fecond found before Id; as, mild ; before 
nd,SiS, mfnd ; and ght, as, might. In which latter cafe 
the gh is always filent. 

When this vowel -precedes r it never has its own. 
found, but is always changed to that of firft e, or firft 
lu To c in the following words ; birtti, firtiT, girt,. 



girtll, gird, girl, mirtK, fkirt, fquirt, quirk, chirp, 
firm, ilk, finirk, dirge, whirl, twirl. To u in dirt, 
flirt, fhirt, fpirt, firft, third, bird. 
The vowel o has all its three founds, and is very 
irregular, as thefe different founds are often before 
the fame termination. It likewife changes its found 
for that of u, and has often that of a. It has the 
found of 6 before 

^^and^, 6 mock, feoff. 
ft, a oft, foft ; founded aft, fAft. 

Id, o bold, sold. Except gold. 

Ik, 6 folk ; / mute. 

//, o droll, poll, roll, fcroll, toll, troll, 

boll, joll, ftroU 6 loll, doll, 

ttihf o bomb — o comb — o tomb, womb; 

* fileiit. 
rg, 6 fong, ftrong, &c. Except tong, 

founded tung. 
"*> u monk, fponk — munk, fpunk. 

f'ty o font, front — u wont. 

rd, 6 ford, fword — a chord, cord, lord, 

— u word. 
ri, a cork, fork, ftork — 6 pork — u work. 

rn, a born, horn, corn, morn, &c o borne 

{figiiifying /"ffiredl, torn, worn, 
riy o port, fort, fport — a fhort, fnort, fort 

— u wort. 
yj, 6 mofs, glofs, &c. Except grofs. 

JI, b coft, loll, toft, croft, froft — o hoft, 

ghoft, moft, poft — u doft. 
/S, 6 GotlT, motfi — 6 bottf, fortiT, quottT, 

flotlT — a brotlT, clotlT, froilT, trotlT, 
wrotTr— u dotti, monttT, wortlT. 
//, o bolt, colt, dolt, &c. 

This vowtl has always its firft found as in the words 
lull, pluck, hurl, &c ; except in the following words, 
where it has the found of u ; lull, full, pull, bujh, pufli. 

Of Moucfyllables ending in e mute. 
The e mute in monofyllables, where there is but one 
confonant between the vowel and e final, marks that 

the vowels a and / arc to have their fecond founds ; 
alfo in general, but there are exceptions. The vowe 
e is feldom followed in monofyllables of that fort by a 
mute e ; and whtn it is, it has fometimes its fecond, 
fometimes its third found. The vowel ti, followed by 
a mute e, has always its third found, except when 
preceded by an r, and then it has the found of o. 


a babe, face. Exceptions : ar c, bad c, f pret. 

of To bid,] gu pe, hav c. 

1 tribe, dice. 

6 h^e, home. Exceptions: u come, fome, done, 

none ; whei'e the o is pronoun- 
I .II 

ced like u. — o one [founded as 

if written won], gin c, fli'jii e. 

— o lofc, whofe, move, prove. 

u dove, glove, love, fhove ; in 

which the o is founded like u. 
f here, mere. Exceptions : e there, where.— 

e wer e. 
u pure, mule. Exceptions ; o rude, rule, prude, 

and all preceded by an r, where 

the u has always the found of o. 
But when e final or mute is preceded bv two confo- 
nants, the accent in that cafe not being on the vowel, 
but in general on the confonants, the vowel pronoun- 
ced in fuch a fyllablc muft have, according to the 
rule before laid down, not its fecond, but its firft (hort 

Examples. Badge, [a before r ftill being length- 
ened, as, barge, farce j except fcarce, where the ei 
has the found of e) chance, pence, edge, fince, 
cringe, dodge, horfe (except force and worfe, u), 
curfe, drudge, &c. 

From this rule muft be excepted words ending in 
ange, as range, change, ftrange ; and thofe ending 
in the, as bathe, blithe, clothe, &c. where the vowels 
have their fecond found ; but in the laft cafe, th ought 
to be confidered only as a fingle letter, being but a 
fimple found marked by two letters. 

Of Monofyllables ending in Vowels that are pronounced. 

No Englifti monof}llable ends in a pronounced ex- 
cept the particle a itfclf. In fuch words as pea, tea, 



fea, pica, &c. it only marks that the vowel e which 
precedes it is to have its third found. 

The vowels, when fingle, is never pronounced 
at the end of any monofyllable, except in the words 
he, flie, we, me, ye and be, where it has its third 
found. The particle the, when emphatic, has its 
third found ; at all other times its fecond, the, ibund- 
ed (hort. 

The vowel / is never feen at the end of any 
Englifli w^ord, and is only to be found in fome 
technical, and foreign wprds, having its place 
fupplied by y, as in the words try, fry, fhy, pro- 
nounced alway in monofyllables with the found of i. 
The vowel o ends no monofyllable but the follow- 
ing : bo, go, ho, 16, no, 56, wo, tho' ; who, two, 
do; to and fro, pro and con. The particle /j has 
the found of u, as if written tu. 

JJ fingle never ends a monofyllable, except the word 
lu or loo, fometimes fpelt in the former way, and pro- 
nounced lo. 

But there are many monofyllables that end in two 
vowels, though there be but the found of one of them 
uttered. Thefe I fhall call digraphs, to diftinguifli 
them from diphthongs. 

Ay has always the found of a ; as day, pray; 

except in the affirmative particle ay. 
Aw has always the found of a; as daw, saw. 
Ea has the found of e ; as tea, sea. 
Ee the fame ; as fee, thee. 
Ey has the found of e ; as they, grey ; except 

e, key and ley. 
le of I, as lie, die. 
Oe o, as doe, foe ; except (hoe. 
Oo o, as woo, too, coo. 
Ou o, you — di ph. thou. 

Ow o, as blow, glow, bow (to fhoot with), 
and all other monofyllables, except the 
following, in which it is a diphthong ; 
bow (an act of reverence), cow, how, 
plow, now, brow, vow. 
Ue u, as blue, clue, &:c ; except rue, true, where 
it has the found of 6 after r, as was before 
mentioned. JJe after g ferves only to Ihow 
that the,^ is to have its hard found inftead 
of its foft one, as rogue, vogue; and 
after ? the found of i, as pique. 

The number of double vowels, or digraphs, to be 
found at the beginning of monofyllables, is not much 
more confiderable, as I fhall ihew in their order. 

Ai a aid, air, &c. ; this has always the found 
of the fecond a. 

Au a in the woid aunt, a in the word aught. 

Aw a as in awe, awl. 

Ea e ear, eat, &c. Always e, except when 
it precedes r followed by another con- 
fonant in the fame fyllable; as earn , 
carl', eartR', according to a rule before 
laid down. 

Ee eel, e'en (for even), e'er (for ever). 

Ei eight. 

Ey eye. 

Oa o oaf, oak, &c ; always 6. 

03 3 
o o ooze. 

Ow 6 owe, own. A diphthong only in owl. 
Oi, ou are always true diphthongs at the begin- 
ning of monofyllables, as, oil, out. 
But the number of digraphs in the middle of mono- 
fyllables is much greater, and their founds are as fol- 
lows : 

Ai a maid, pain, sail, &c. Always a, e.\cspt 

fuid, founded scd. 
Au a caught, fraud, vaunt. Except lijunt, 
draught, laugh, jaunt, flaunt, (launch. 
Aw a bawl, dawn, lawn. Always a. 
Ay a days, prays, &c. Always a, except fays, 

founded sez. 
Ea e leaf, fpcak, mean, &c. j and in general 
when the fyllable ends in a fingle con- 
fonant, except in the following words 
ending in 
d, dead, head, lead (a metal), read (pret. of 
To read), bread, dread, ftead, tread, fpread, 
which have the found of e. The others in d, 
as to read, plead. Sec. follow the general rule. 
The following in 
r, bear, pear, to tear, wear, fwear, have the 
found of e. The refl in »-, as dear, near, 
fpear, &c. follow the general rule. In 
/, fweat, threat, and great, are exceptions j 
the two firfi; having the found of e, and the 
laft of e. All Others in / have the third 
found. In 

d k, fteak. 


k, ftcak, break, have the found of h ; all others 
that of i. 
But when ea is followed by two confonarfts, it has 
generally the found of e, according to the law efta- 
blifhed that the accent in that cafe is placed for the 
moft part on the confonants ; as, realm, dealt, search, 
he. Heart and hearth have the found of a. This 
rule has the following exceptions: 

I ft, Words ending in ch, as teach, preach, which 

all conform to the general rule. 
2dly, In J}, as beaft, feaft, &c. ; except breaft . 
3dly, In th, heatti, fher.tlT, wreath ; and with / final, 

Ee always c ; as, bleed, ficel, fleet, 5cc. ; ex- 
cept been, founded b:n. 
Ei always e ; as, feign, heir, &c. ; except height 

and flcight, founded hite and (lite, gh 
Ew u ; lewd, ftcw'd, &c. Always u, except 
fhew'd and fhewn, pronounced ftiod and 
Ihon, as 6. 
le e grief, field, fiend, ?cc. Exceptions ; friend, 
fierce (founded ferce), pierce, tierce, and 
siev e, pronounced biv. 
The preterit uf verbs ending in ie, as 
die, lie, makes died, lied. 
Oa 6 boat, lo::d, groan, &c. Exccp. broad, 

groat ; a. 
Oo o poor, food, cool, &c. Excep. hood, good, 
flood, wood, look, took, foot, foot, wool ; 
all pronounced as u — door, floor ; 6— and 
blood, flood, as u. 
Ou is generally a diphthong, as loud, gout, &c. 
Exceptions : cough (cof), rough (ruf), 
tough (tuf), fcourge, touch, young, u; — 
four, mourn, mould, court, though, dough, 
fource, mould ; all 6 — through, your, 
youth, wound ; o — could, fhould, would ; 
u {I filcnt) — bought, brought, fought, 
nought, fought, thought ; a {gh filciit) 
pronounced bat, brat, &c. 
Ow has the found of 6 in bov/1, rowl, and in 
all the preterits and participles of mono- 
fyllabic verbs ending in ow, as flow'd, 
flown, grown, &Ci except only the verbs. 

to cow, vow, plow, where it is a diph- 
thong ; and is fo on all other occafions, 
as brown, fowl, &c. 

Ua in guard is a digraph, the u being filent ; 
but after q it is always a diphthong, as 
fquall, quart, &.c. 

Ue is a digraph after g, as in guefs, guefl ; 
but a diphthong after y, as in queft, 

Ui a digraph in build, built, guilt, with the 
found of 1. Quilt, a diphthong. Guide, 
guile, as if written gyide, gyile, with 
diphthong founds. Juice, bruife, cruife, 
fruit; digraphs with the found of o. Suit, 
as if written syot, a diphthong. 

W in the midule of a fyllable always forms a 
diphthong with the following vowel, as 
in fwain, twice ; and is never found 
but after the confonants s,t, and tti. 

Y is never found in the middle of fyllables with 
a vowel following it in the fame fyllable, 
as its place in forming diphthongs in that 
iituation is always fupplicd by the vowel /. 

Of Mcttofyllahhs formed by Diphthongs. 

Two of the vowels before mentioned arc in reality 
diphthongs, which are i in fight and u in blue. But 
as thefe founds are in general reprcfented by a fingle 
letter eaih, and have been treated of undt^r the head 
of vowels, there is no occafion to fay any thing more 
of them here. The other diphthongs are oi. ou, and 
fuch as are formed by w and y. 

The diphthong o't is marked alfo by oy, and ou by 
ow, the jj and w fupplying the place of / and « at the 
end of words, as it has been the cuftom in writing 
never to let thofe vowels appear in that fituation in 
words purely Englifb, for no other re^ifon that appears 
but that of caprice. The only exceptions to this rule 
are the pronouns /, thou, and you. 

01 and u;iarealwa)sdiphthbngs, and prefervs always 
the fame found, as broil, moifl, boy, joys. 

Ou and ow, as mouth, owl, have alio the fame found, 
and are always diphthongs, except in the words before 
enumerated in treating of digraphs. Neither of thefe 
founds is ever reprefentcd by any other combination of 



Of Diphthongs formed by W. 


Wa. When w precedes ;', that \-o\vel has its 
fifft found only in the following words : 
waft, wag, wan, wafp, wax. 

In all other monofyllables terminated hy 
confonnnts, it has either the fhort found of 
A (the fame as 6), as wad, was, wat, wafli, 
watch ; or it has the full long foirnJ, ac- 
cording to the rules before laid down for the 
vowels; ifl. When it precedes ;-, as war, 
warn ; or /, as wallc, wall. 

When the monofyllable ends in mute e, 
the vowel a united with w follows the rule 
before laid down for it in its fimple ftate, 
and has always its fecoiid found ; as wage, 
wade, ware. 

When w precedes a digraph commencing 
with a, the fame rule is obferved as was 
before laid down for fuch digraph j as way, 
wail, &c. 
We. The diphthong %ue follows the laws of the 
fimple vowel e ; before fingle or double 
confonants it has always its firft found, 
as wed, weft. The only word in which 
this diphthong is followed by a confo- 
nant with a mute final e is ivere, which 
is pronounced Ihort with the found of 
firft e, wer. 

It unites itfelf with the digraph ea, whofe 
lavifs it follows, as its general found is that 
of e — Ex. weak, wean — before r, c ; as 
wear, fwear — before two confonants, e ; 
wealtlT. It precedes e with the found of 
f, as week, weed. With an afpirate it 
precedes ey in the word whey, e. 
Wi. This diphthong follows the laws of the 
fimple vowel /. 

Before fingle or double confonants it has 
the found of i, as wit, wing, wifti, &c. ex- 
cept as before the terminations ^/j>/. Id, and 
tid; as, wight, wild, wind. The pronun- 
ciation of wind is controverted, as it is 
generally called wind, but tliis is againft 

With the final t, it has always its fe- 
cond found , as wife, wine, wire. 

It unites with no vowel but e, and that 
only in the word wiclJ. 
■\Vo. The in this diphthong has its fiift 
found in the antiquated word wot. It is 
changed into u in the word won (win), and 
in all words where o is followed by*?-; as, 
word, work, world, worfe, &c. ; founded 
as firft K, wurd, wurk, &c. Except the 
participles worn and fworn, 6; as alfo the 
word wo and its derivatives ; and all wgrds 
ending in e mute, as woke, wore, &c. 
It is d in the word womb. 
It unites with a only in the word wond 
— with 0, in woo, woof, o — wood, wool, 
"; founded wud, wul — .with « in would, 
Wound (a hurt), and wound, participle of 
To wind, where ou has its diphthong 
Some diphthongs formed by w are preceded by t 
or tlT, in which cafe they follow the rules of the 
fimple diphthongs ; as twain, twang, twelve, twig, 
twin, twine, twirl (twerl), tlTwart. Two is no diph- 
thong, founded to. 

Of Diphthongs formed by Y. 

Ya. This diphthong has the found of 6 in 

yacht, pronounced yot. It follows the 
rule of a before r in ya'rd, ya rn ; before t 
final in yare ; before aw in yawn, yawl. 

Ye. Has the found of e in the pronoun ye ; of 

e in the affirmation yea ; of e in yean, year ; 
ofe in yearn, yell, yelk, yeft, yet. It is 
founded as i in yes, yis ; and has the found 
of 6 in yelk, pronounced yoke of an egg. 

Yi. Yield. 

Yo. Yon. Before k, it has the found of oj 

as yd'i, your, youth : except young, pro- 
nounced yung — o with e final, as 3'6ke,y6re. 
Y never forms a diphthong but when it 
begins a word follovfed by another vowel ; 
in the middle of fyllables or words its place 
is always fupplied by an »'. 

d 2 




Of Dijfyllables. 

A S the pronunciation of Englifii words is chiefly 
regulated by accent, it will be neceflary in the 
firft place to have a precife idea of that term. 

Accent with us means no more than a certain ftrefs 
of the voice upon one letter of a fyllable, which dif- 
tinguiflies it from all the other letters in a word. 

In monofyllables this may be called the accented 
Jetter ; in words of more fyllables than one, that which 
contains the letter fo diftinguifhed is called the accent- 
ed fyllable. 

We have already fcen in monofyllables thetffe£l of 
accent, according as it is laid on vowels or confo- 
nants. When it is on the confonant, the vowels have 
uniformly their firft found, except only in the isvf in- 
ftances where the found of another vowel is fubflituted 
in the room of that prefented to the eye. 

When the accent is on a vowel, it has fometimes 
its fecond, fometimes its third found, according to 
rules already laid down, but never its firft, excepting 
only the vowel a in a few inflances. 

It isjonly necefiary to obferve, that the fame laws of 
accent hold with regard to the accented fyllablcs of all 
other words, as were before laid down with regard to 
inonofyllable?. In order to afcertain the pronuncia- 
tion of thofc words, the firft objed therefore muft be 
to point out the means of difcovering which is the 
accented fyllable in all words confifting of more fyl- 
lables than one. And firft with regard to dirtyllables : 

Almoft all fimple diftyllables have the accent on the 
firft, and thofe which hav? it on the laft are for the 
moft part compound words, made by a prefix or pre- 
pofuion chiefly borrowed from the Latin ; fuch as, ab, 
ac, ad, at, com, con, de, dif, em, en, e, ex, im, in, 
ob, op, per, pre, pro, re, fe, fub, fur, tranf, Sec- 
Examples : abhor', admit', afErm', commen'ce, con- 
duct', dcce'ivc, difa'rm, emba'rk (pronounced Im- 
ba'rk), enchant' (Inchant'), cx.a'lt, impa'ir, Inci'te, 
ibfcu're, oppo'fe, permit', propo'fe, recant', feclu'de, 
fubniit', futve'y, transfo'rm, una rm. 

Befidc thefe there are the following of Englifli 
growth i a, be, for, fore, mif, out, uji — Examples : 

aba'fe, befo're, forget', forewa'rn, mifgiv'e, outdo', 
una'rm, &c. All words compounded of the latter 
have the accent for the moft part on the laft fyllable ; 
but there are exceptions with regard to the former 
or Roman prefixes. 

I ft. Where the verb and the noun are exprcfTed by 
the fame word, the nouns have frequently the accent 
on the firft, and the verbs on the laft fyllable, as may 
be feen in the following lift. 



A or An ab'ftraft 

To abftraa' 













con fort 




















dif count 




ex 'port 




fre qucnt 





















A or An ref'ufe 















Except the above lift, almoft all other words in the 
fame predicament, that is, where the verbs and nouns 
are one and the fame word, have the accent the fame ; 
fuch as affault, affront, aflent, attire, array, difplay, 
repofe, &c. 

2. The rule of placing the accent on the laft of 
compound diffyliables, refers chiefly to verbs, and fuch 
nouns as have been juft mentioned ; in other nouns and 
other parts of fpeech, ihe general law of having the 
accent on the firft fyllable chiefly prevails ; fuch as 
concord, conquer, difmal, diftant, extant, &c. And 
even in the words formed with the Englift) prefix out, 
the accent is placed on the laft fyllable of verbs only, 
and on the firft of all other words ; as to outdo', outbid', 
&c. ; an out'cry, out'rage, &c. There are alfo feme 
compound verbs which have the accent on the firft 
fyllable, fuch as, perjure, injure, conjure, and a few 
others to be learned by ufe. 

RuJa for finding out the Letter on which the Accent is laid 
in Dijfyllables. 

When two confonants are feen together in the middle 
of fuch words, the firft of thefe is ufually joined to the 
firft vowel, and the laft to the latter ; in which cafe 
the accent is on the former confonant : Ex. ab'fent, 
am'ber, bab'ler, dif'cord, chear'ful, &c. This is al- 
ways the cafe when the confonant is doubled, as, 
ad'der, baffle, beg'gar, bet'ter, cher'ry, col'lege, &c. 
except in the cafe of verbs with prefixes, as before 

When there is but one confonant in the middle, the 
accent is in general on the preceding vowel, diphthong, 
or digraph ; as, ague, audit, bible, booty, ciler, cruel, 
dovv er, &c. Sometimes indeed the fingle confonant 
is taken into the firft fyllable, and accented ; as, 
blem'-ifh, cher'-ifh,chor-er, hab'-it, fam'-ifhjpal'-ace, 
per'-il, pun'-ifh, rad'-ifli, fin'-ew, ten'-aiitj kc. ; 

but the number of thefe is not great, and muft be 
learned by ufe. 

When the accent is on the laft fyllable, its feat 
may be known by obferving the fame rules as were 
laid down for monofyllables. 

Of Polyfyllabks. 

As the accent of polyfyllables is chiefly determined 
by the final fyllable, I fliall enter into an examination 
of thofe final fyllables which are moft common in our 
language, and ftiew in what wny the featof the accent 
is referable to them. As I fhall have occafion to dif- 
tinguifli the feveral fyllables by names, I (hall make 
ufe of the technical Latin terms for that purpofe, and 
call the laft fyllable but one the penultima, and the laft 
fyllable but two the antcpenultima, thus abridged ; 
penult, antepenult. When the accent is ftill farther 
back, I fliall call them fourth or fifth fyllables from 
the laft. 

In ic. 

In words terminating in ic, the accent is placed on 
the letter immediately preceding that termination, 
whether vowel or confonant. Examp. profaic, fyU 

Exceptions ; When two confonants precede the 
termination, the former belongs to the firft, and has 
the accent ; the latter to the laft ; as, lethar gic, re- 
pub'lic ; except rubric, where the two confonants are 
joined to the laft. 

In the following words the vowel terminates the 
firft fyllable; cubic, aulic, mufic. 

The following throw the accent back on the ante- 
penult, or laft fyllable but two ; chol'eric, tur'meric, 
rhet'oric, lun'atic, fplen'etic, herpetic, pol'itic, arith'- 

In ed. 

All our verbs have their preterits and paffive parti- 
ciples terminated in ed ; but that fyllable is feldom pro- 
nounced feparately, the vowel e being ftruck out by 
an elifion, and the ^joined to the preceding fyllable, 
Examp. unman'ner'd, illnatur'd, impaf'fion'd, &c. 

Exceptions : When ed is preceded by a </or a /, the 
e is then founded^ and conftitutes a fyllable with thofe 


XXX A P R O 5 O D I A 

letters — as, divided, intended ; created, animated. In 
all cafes the accent remains the fame as in the primi- 
tive ; as, cftablifh'J, deter'min'J, unboun'ded, cul'ti- 

In ance. 

Polyfyllables in ance in general have the accent on 
the antepenult, or lad fyll.ible but two. Examp. ar'- 
ro2;ance, el'egancc, fignif icancc. 

Exceptions : i ft. When the primitive has its accent 
on the laft, the derivntive has it on the penult. ; as, 
appearance, afTurance ; from appear, afiurc : or 2d!y, 
\Vhen it is preceded by two confonants, as abun'dance, 
difcor'dance. When ance is preceded by the vowel /, 
that vowel is taken into the laft fyllable, and forms a 
diphthong with it ; as, rldiance, val iance ; pronoun- 
ced ra-dyance, val'-yance ; except in nouns formed 
from verbs ending in y accented ; as, delifance, alli- 
ance ; from the verbs, defy', ally', which form three 

In ence. 

The accent in polyfyllables in ence is in general on 
the antepenult. Examp. in'nocence, magnificence, 

Exceptions: ifl:, Derived words retain the accent 
of their primitives ; as, purfiiaiice, adherence, from 
purfiie, adhere. 

adly, When two confonants precede ence, the accent 
is on the former ; as, efFul'gence, emer'gence, efFer- 

When words end in cence, with an j preceding it, 
the accent is always on the s'; as, quief'cen^e, ex- 
cref'cence, intumcf'cencc ; except only concupifcence. 

When mce is preceded by / it forms a diphthong : 
as, experience, obedience. Except when it is pre- 
ceded by a c or /, and then it is pronounced as one 
fyllable, with the found of jlmife ; as, deficience, pa- 
tience, pronounced dcfiflunfe, pajhenfe. 

In bk. 
The terminating lie is always accounted a f)llable, 
though in ftriiS propriety it is not fo ; for to conftitute 
a fyllable it is requifite that a vowel fhould be founded 
in it, which is not the cafe here ; for though there is 
one prcfented to the eye at the end, yet it is only e final 
mute, and tlie bl are taken into the articulation of the 
former fyllable; but in pointing out the feat of the ac- 


cent I fhall confider it in the ufual way as forming a 


As the words terminating in ble are for the moft part 
adjeiTlives formed from verbs, in general they follow 
their primitives in their accent ; as, reproveable, 
prop'agable, abol'ilhable, dif'ciplinuble, difcriminabic; 
from reprove, prop'agate, ^"c. Except remediable, 
irrep'arable, dif'putable ; from rem'edy, repair, dif- 
putc. In general the accent is thrown as far back in 
polyfyllables as the fourth and fifth fyllables ; as am'- 
icable, viOlable, mon'ofyllable — and when the accent 
is no farther back than the antepenult, it is either when 
the word follows the primitive, as, advifable, derivable; 
or when two confonants come together in that fitua- 
tion, as,- intrac'table, delec'table, refran'gible. To 
this ac'-cep-table, and its derivatives, are exceptions. 

All triflyllabic words have the accent on the ante- 
penult, except compounds by prefixes to dilTyllablcs ; 
as, unable, unftable. 

In cle. 

All trifTyllabic words have the accent on the ante- 
penult. Examp. mir'acle, or'acle, vehicle. The other 
polyfyllables have the accent farther back j as, tab'er- 
nacle, rec'cptacle, con'venticle, &c. 

In die, fle, glc, kle, pie, tie. 

To all thefe terminations is to be applied the fame 
obfervation that was made with regard to ble, that they 
do not really conftitute fyllables, but are united with 
the former only in their confonant founds, without the 
intervention of any vowel. 

There are few words of more than two fyllables in 
any of the above terminations, and the accent is on 
the letter immediately preceding them, whether vowel 
or confonant ; as, cradle, fad'dle, fnaf'fle, eagle, ftrug'gle, 
tac'kle, buc'kle, ap'ple, pur'ple, &c. 

There are few polyfyllables of the termination pie 
which have the accent on the antepenult. ; and thefe 
are, man'ciple, prin'ciple, quad'ruple, fex'tuple, and 
all in uple. One has it upon the fourth fyllable back,'ticiple. 

In lire. 

In polyfyllables terminating in ure the accent is on the 
antepenult, or farther back on the fourth ; 2s, cy'no- 
fure, judicature, jcg'illature, ar'chiteclure ; except 



when they follow their primitives, as encIoTurc, in- 

In ate. 


Words terminating in ate have for the moft part the 
accent on the antepenult. Examp. rep'robate, im'pre- 
cate, liq'uidate, multip'licate, hz. except when two 
confonants precede the lall fyllable; as, confum'mate, 

^Vhen the vowel / precedes ate, whatever confonant 
may precede it, except c and /, it unites with the laft 
fyHable in a diphthong found; as, to irradiate, colle- 
giate, calum'niate, &c. which are not pronounced as 
four fyliables, according to the French mode, ir-ra- 
diate, ca-]um-niate, but irra dyate, calum'-nyate : 
but when the / before ate is preceded bv a c, or /, 
thf/e letters change their found to that of Jh, and the 
fimple vowel, not diphthong, is pronounced; as, aflb- 
ciate (aflofhate) ; negotiate (negotiate). 

The fyllable ate at the end of verbs is pronounced 
Ste, with the found of a, though not dwelt upon. On 
other occafions it has the found of e ; as, to aggre- 
gate— an aggreget ; to aflbciate— an aflbciet ; to ar- 
ticulate (a verb), articulet (an adjective). 
In Ivc. 

This termination in polyfylbbles is always founded 
fhort with i, 'v. 


^Vords in five have always the accent on the pe- 
nult, and on the letter imn;ediately preceding that 
termination, whether vowel or confonant; as, adhe- 
five, repulTive, incliifive, fubmiffive. 


But thofe in the have the accent for the moft part 
on the antepenult, or ftill farther back. Examples : 
neg'ative, relative, vindic'ative, fignif'icative, com- 
n. unicative, hz. 

Exceptions : ifr. When they follow primitives; as, 
evifive, decifive, from evade, decide. 2dly, Where 
two confonants precede the final ; as, calefac'tive, at- 
tcn'tive, prefump'tive, alTer'tive, digef'tive ; except 
fub'ftantive, which follows its primitive, fub'llance. 

The accent is never on the laft in /;'w, except only 
in the word recitative. 

L G R A M MA R. xxxi 

In big. 
This being the termination of the aitive participle 
of all verbs, it is only nece/Tary to fav, that it always 
follows the accent of the primitive, and is never itfcif 

In cal. 
All words ending in cal have the accent invariubly 
on the antepenult. ; as, laical, fyllab'icaj, methoj'ical, kz. 

In lal. 

This termination is always founded as one fyllable, 
uniting itfelf with the preceding confonant in a diph- 
thong ; as, la-bial, cor-dial, conge-nial, minifte-rial, 
with the found yal. But when p.-eceded bv c ax /, it 
is no longer a diphthong, but has the found o'i Jlial^ as, 
judicial, artificial, fubftantial, reverential— pronounced 
judifhal, fubftanflial. 

The accent of all words in thefe terminations is on 
the penult, immediately on the preceding letter if a 
vowel or fingle confonant, or on the former of tv.o 
confonants; as,, connu'-bial, conviv'-ial, creden'-tia!. 

It has the accent on /, and fo forms two fyllable?, 
only in the words deni-al, decri-al— from the words 
deny', decry'. 

In ful 

This being a termination of adjeclives formed from 
fubftantives, it is (inly necefiary to obferve, that all 
words fo formed retain the accent of their primitives ; 
as, reveng'e-ful, won'der-ful. 

In ian. 

This termination with the letter c before it is pro- 
nounced fhan ; as, logic ian, academic ian, founded 
logifhan, academifhan, with the accent on the confo- 
nant. With / it has the fame found ; as, tertian, 
gentian ; except when preceded by an s, as, chriilian, 
fuftian; where /has its own found. 

With a. li or g preceding it, it has the found of j ; 
as, comedian, collegian. 

With all other letters it forms a diphthons ; as, aca- 
demian, fatur'nian, librarian, hiftorian, diliivian ; and 
the accent is on the letter immediately preceding the laft 
fyliable, whether vowel or confonant. 
In en. 

Words in this termin.ition have in general an elifion 

of the vowel c, fo that the letter « is immediately joined 

to the preceding confonant ; as, lead'n, hid'd'n, fod'd'n 

13 (except 



(except fudJen, fullc-n, and bamn), chos'n, haft'ii, 
gliil'n, &c. 

When preceded by 7n the vowel is pronounced, and 
therefore it forms a fyllable ; as, hymen, women, re- 
gimen, fpecimen. The fame when preceded by ;■ j as, 
firen, warren, brethren. And in all fubftantives with 
all the other confonants ; as, garden (often ill pro- 
nounced, gard'n), burden, chicken, linnen : except 
tolc'n, and all ending in ven and zcn, as, heav'n, 
rav'n, doz'n, mizz'n. 

When the en is pronounced as a fyllable the found is 
changed to In ; as, burdin, women (pronounced wim- 
min), warrin, &c. except thofe in ?w« ; as, hymen, 
fpecimen, acu'men, S:c. 

In iofi. 

All words terminating in ion take the preceding con- 
fonant into the laft fyllable, with moft of which the 
ien is pronounced as a diphthong. Examples : gabion, 
vermilion, mil lion. — Here it is to be obferved, that 
though the confonant that precedes be but fingle, it is 
doubled in pronouncing when the accent is upon it. 
Thus vermilion, though it has but one /, has exaftly 
the fame found as million with two, and is pronounced 
as if written thus, vermillyun. It is the fame with 
the other confonants ; as, opin'ion, clar'ion, &c. 

The feat of the accent is either on the fingle con- 
fonant, preceding ion, as in the above inftances, or on 
the former of two or firft of three confonants ; as, in 
quater'nion, fepten'trion ; — or on the vowel imme- 
diately preceding the confonant; as, decurion, occa- 
fion, communion. 

Terminations in Jion. 
The founds of the vowels before this termination are 
as follow : 

afion ") r occa zhun 

efion adhe'zhun 

ifion V pronounced i .des! zhun 
ofion I explo'zhun 

ufion J l^ confu zhun. 

But when the accent is on any confonant preceding 
/ion, the found is no longer zhun hut JJjun ; as, emul'- 
fion, cxpan'fion, fubmerfion, compafTion. Except 
only where the accent is on s preceded by the vowel 
/, and then it has ftill the found zhun; as, incifion, 
derifion, pronounced as if written, inciz'zhun, dc- 

In iion. 
This termination is always founded /iun, except 
when preceded by an r, and the founds of the preced- 
ing vowels are as follow : 

ation "I r approba'ftlun 
etion reple'fhun 

ition ). pronounced •( pnsifh'un 

otioii I (Jeva'ftun 

ution J |_ revolu'fhun. 

When a confonant precedes tin:, the accent is on 
that; as, fatisfac'tion, imperfec'tion, injunc'tion, fub- 
fcrip'tion, &c. ftill pronounced Jhuii ; and the only 
cafe where it is founded //7;«», is when it is preceded 
by an s or x; as, digeftion, commixtion — pronounced 
diges'tfhun, commix'tfliun, and this holds conftant 
with regard to all words of that clafs. 

The in ion has always the found of u ; and is 
not pronounced yon, but yun. 

In ear and ier. 
All polyfyllablcs in eir have the accent on the laft, 
as have alfo thofe in ier when pronounced in one 
fyllable. As — mufkete er, domine er,— cavalie'r, 
cordelie r ; founded the fame way, er. 

In er. 

Words terminating in er, being for the moft part 
nouns formed from verbs, or adjectives in the compa- 
rative degree marked by the addition of that fyllable, 
follow their primitives in their accent; as, racer, ro- 
man'cer, wifer, foberer. 

In polyfyllablcs not derived the accent is for the 
moft part on the antepenult. ; as, fcav'enger, aftrol'- 
oger, geog'rapher. And in a few words on the fourth 
fyllable ; as, al'abafter, fal'amander. 

The accent is never on the laft but in compound 
verbs ; as, refer , infer ; when it has the found of 
e, er. In all other cafes e is changed into u, and 
founded ur; as, romanfur, falamandur. 

Ger preceded by a ^ in the former fyllable always has 
its own hard found ; as, dag'ger, Tjrag'ger. In moft 
other cafes itsfoft found ; as, manager, dowager, danger, 
manger ; — except anger, finger, linger — pronounced 
ang-gur, fing-gur, ling-gur. Some retain the found 
of their primitives in in^ ; as, fliiigcr, finger, ringer. 
* —pronounced 


—pronounced fling-ur, fing-ur, ring-ur. Conger, 
and monger, with its derivatives, are pronounced, 
cong-gur, mung-gur, fifti-mung-gur, &c. 
The terminating er is always founded ur. 

In or. 
When or is preceded by the vowel ; it forms a 
diphthong with it, taking the preceding confonant into 
the fyllable ; as fenior, inferior, &c. 

Sor preceded by a confonant occafions the accent to 
be on that confonant, except con'felTor ; when by a 
vowel, the accent is on the antepenult. While words 
in /«r, being moftly nouns derived from verbs, follow 
the accent of their primitives; as ded'icator, equiv'oca- 
tor, tranflator, &c. 

All terminations in or are pronounced ur ; as feniur, 
dedicatur. The fame is to be obferved in the termina- 
tion 5«r; as neighbur, behaviur — fpelt, neighbour, be- 

In efs. 
Polyfyllables ending in lefi and ncfs, being for the 
tnoft part fubftantives derived from adjcclives or other 
fubftantives, retain the accent of their primitives ; ss 
ranTomlefs, mer'cilefs, rem'edilefs — wick'ednefs, in- 
quifitivenefs, def'picablenefs, he. 

The laft fyllable has the accent only in difTyllable 
compound words ; as deprefs', exprefs', afl'efs', &c. 
In others, as god'defs,lar'gefs,duch'cfs (except noblefs'), 
the accent is on the penult. 

£/}, when not accented, is founded ijs ; as wicked- 
nifs, duchifs, &c. 

In ous. 
When fl?/jhas the vowels e or / immediately preced- 
ing it, it forms a diphthong with them, and takes the 
confonant immediately before thofe vowels into the laft 
fyllable; as ccriileous, fuccedaneous, ethe'reous — ab- 
flemious, fymphonious, nefarious, &c. pronounced as 
if written ceru-lyus, abfte myus, &c. 

But when e or / are preceded by z. c ox t, the lafl 
fyllable is not a diphthong, but is pronounced as if 
written ^m; as •herbaceous, fagacious, oftentatious, 
fenten'tious — pronounced as if written herba-fhus, fen- 
ten-fhus, &:c. 

In all the terminations in eoui or iom., the accent is 
on the letter immediately preceding the confonant, 
taken into the lall fyllable, except only where the 

vowel / precedes that confonant, and then the accent 
is laid on that confonant ; as hideous, pernic'ious, 
relig'ious, propit'ious, &:c.— pronounced hid'-yus, per- 
nifh'-us, &c. 

On other occafions, the accent for the mod part 
is on the antepenult. ; as friv'olous, glob'ulous, mi- 
rac'ulous, voluminous ; except when two confonants 
interfere — as tremend'ous, concin'nous, enor'mous. 

The termination o:n is always founded us ; and is 
never accented but in the French word rendezvous, 
pronounced rondcvoJ. 

In ar.t, ' 

Polyfyllables in ant have the accent on the antepe- 
nult ; as pred'icant, rec'reant, extrav'aganf, luxu- 
riant, &:c. Except when two confonants meet in the 
middle — as appel'lant, trium'phant, &c. — but prot'eft- 
ant has the accent on the firft. The accent is never 
laid on ant in polyfyllables, except in the words con- 
fidant', complaifant' ; nor on difTyllables, except in 
compound verbs, fuch as decant', recant', enchant' ; 
and two nouns — a gallant', the Levant'. 

In ent. 

Polyfyllables terminating in hent, cent, cloii, or any 
confonant preceding eni, except ?«, forming wt-«?, have 
the accent on the confonant preceding fuch termina- 
tion ; as incum'bent, exer'cent, depen'dent, &c. But 
words terminating in ment, being in general fubftan- 
tives derived from verbs, retain the accent of their 
primitives, without regard to this rule; as eftablifla- 
ment, afton'ifhment, embar'raflrnent. 

When the vowel / precedes any of thefe termina- 
tions, the accent is on the antepenult, either thefmgle 
confonant preceding /, or the former of two, or three j 
as beneficent, com'pliment, he. 

When / precedes ent it forms a fyllable with it; as 
obedient, lenient, diffil'ient, confen'tient, &c. 

Words in Unt have always the accent on the ante- 
penult. ; as benev olent, flat'ulent, purulent, &c, — 
except when two IPs meet ; as repel'lent, attol'lent ; to 
which alfo the word ex'cellent is an exception. 

All words in nunt too, that aie not derived, have 
the accent on the antepenult. ; as lig'ament, tes'ta- 

The laft fyllable is never accented but in difTyl- 

e la 


In ej}. 
Words terminating in ej)^ being for the moft part 
adjeflives in the fupcrlatlve degree, retain the accents 
of their primitives. 

In ijh 
They are chiefly nouns, formed from other nouns 
or adjeclives, and retain the accent of their primitives j 
ais an'nalift, rationalifl', mor'alift, loy'alift. 

There are more words in the Englifh language ter- 
minating in this letttr, than in any other; perhaps 
not lefs than an eighth part of the whole. 
tfy— In diflyllabic compound verbs and nouns the ac- 
cent is on the laft ; as delay', difplay', array', &c. 
Polyfyllables have the accent on the antepenult. ; as 
yes'terday, fat urday, caft'away, &c. 
<:^— Words ending in ry, being in general fubftantives 
made out of verbs, nouns, or adjectives, retain the 
accent of their primitives ; as appliancy, brilliancy, 
in'timacy, legitimacy, &c. 

In words not thus derived the accent is thrown 
back to the fourth fyllable ; as nec'romancy, chiro- 
mancy—except where ftopped by two confonanis, as 
ariftoc'racy, democ'racy, &c. 
fy — Has always the accent on the antepenult. ; as 
rar'efy, ed'ify, fecun'dify. Sec. : and even againft 
the accent of the primitives in derived words ; as 
perfon'ify, diver'fify, — from per'fon and diverfe. 
The^i in fy has always its fecond fpund. 
But when fy is reprefentcd by phy, y has its 
firft found ; as philos ophy, at rophy j but flill the 
accent is on the antepenult. 

|j(— Likewife has the accent on the antepenult, j as 
prod'igy, genearogy, etyinol'ogy, &:c. 

It has always the found of foft g, except v/hcn 
preceded by another^; as ftiaggy, foggy, &c. 

hly — Words in hly, being adverbs formed from ad- 
jectives and participles, always retain the accent of 
their primitives ; as prob'ably, def'picably, inde- 
fat'igably, &c. 

/)!— The fame is to be obferved in all words ending in 
ly; as pol'iticly, ddib'crately, indefinitely, vol'un- 
tarily, &c. 

vsy — Has always the accent on the antepenult, cither 
on the finglc confonant preceding the vowel, or on 

the firft of two ; as big'amy, in'famy, polyg'amy* 
phyfiog'nomy, Ueuteron'omy, &c. 

They who pronounce ac adcmy inftead of acad'- 
emy go againft analogy. 

ny—\n triflyllables, has the accent on the antepenult. ; 
as prog'eny, tyr'anny, cal'umny, &c. : in polyfylla'oles 
on the fourth ; as ignominy, ceremony, mat'rimo- 
ny, and all in «any, except a nem'ony. hxcept alfo 
thofe ending in gor.y ; as hexag'ony, cofmog'ony ; 
and cacoph'ony, monotony. 
In ry. 

ary — Takes theaccenton the antepenult, in trUTyllables; 
as fug'ary, diary, fal'ary, rofemary : — and in poly- 
fyllables on the fourth ; as fim'ilary, ex'cmplary, 
epis'tolary, vocab ulary, vul'nerary, ubiq'uitary, >'^c. ; 
except when prevented by two different confo- 
nants, as caravanTary, difpcn'fary, anniver'fary (yet 
to this ad'verfary is an exception), teftamen'tary, 
parliamen'tary (com'mentary, momentary, vol'un- 
tary, exceptions). Ac'cefl'ary, nec'eflary, &:c. be- 
ing only a reduplication of the fame letter s, follow 
the general rule. 

cry — Has for the moft part the accent on the antepe- 
nult, and it is only in the following words it is placed 
farther back ; del'eteiy, mon artery, bap'tiftcry, pres'- 
bytery. This termination is always founded crry. 

ory — In triflyllables has the accent on the antepenult, j 
as pleth'ory, priory, mem'ory, kc. 

In polyfyllables on the fourth, or farther back ; as 
probatory, cubatory, pif'catoiy; ded icatory, judi- 
catory, pacificatory, &c. 

This rule holds except when two different con- 
fonants meet j as compul fory, calefac'tory, con- 
tradic'tory ; — and in this cafe the following are ex- 
ceptions, defultory, in'ventory, prom'ontory, rec'ep- 
tory, per'emptory, rep'ertory, con fiftory. 

This termination is always founded as if writ- 
ten urry. 

In fy. 
Words in^v have the accent on the antepenult. ; as 

fan'tafy, apoftafy, lep'rofy, &c. : on the fourth, in 

ep'ilcpfy, con'troverfy. 

In ty. 
Polyfyllables in ty, with the vowe's e or ;' be- 
fore it, have uniformly the accent on the antepenult. 


and on the laft letter of that fyllable ; as fhbriety, 
fociety, improb'it}', acer'bity, Deity, fpontaneity, &c. 

When the letter c precedes //u, it has the accent upon 
it, and is founded as j ; as verac'ity, felic'ity, feroc'ity 
—pronounced verafity, felif ity, &c. 

Vv'hen a fingle confonant precedes //y, it has always 
the accent en it ; as timid'ity, frugal'ity, extrem'ity, 
barbarity, curiof'ity, &c. 

When two confonants precede it, it is on the 
former; as fcar'city, fecun'dity, abfur'clity, iniirmi- 
ty, &c. 

This terminaticii is always founded ty, with the 
llrft found of y. 

Under the foregoing tcrminntions arc included al- 
moft all the words in the Englifh language. The 
few that belong to the other terminations, are either 
not reducible to general rules, or with ft> many 
exceptions as to render them of little ufe. As they 
coiifift chiefly of monofyllables and difTyllables, the 
rules before laid down for them will in a great 
meafure eflablifh their pronunciation ; and where 
they are filent, the Dictionary is to be confulted. 

Having thus laboured through this chaos of fpell- 
ing, and reduced the apparent confufion there to 
fome degree of order, we fliall now emerge into a 
more lightfome region, where we fhall have fewer 
tlifficulties to retard our progrefs ; I mean in treat- 
ing of the art of reading, or the proper delivery of 
words when arranged in fentences. 

As this fubjedl has already been difculTed by me 
in a courfe of ledlures on the Art of Reading, and 
another on Elocution, I ftiall content myfclf at pre- 
fcnt, with extracting from them, fome general prin- 
ciples, and fome praftica! rules for the attainment of 
that art, without any comments upon them ; re- 
ierring thofe readers, who are defirous of entering 
into a more minute invefligation of the fubjeCt, to 
the works themfelves. 

Of the Art of Delivery. 

A Juft delivery depends upon a due attention to 
the following articles; 


Articulation : Accent : Pronunciation : Emphafis : 
Paufes or Stops : Tones : and Key or Pitch of the 
voice. Of each of thefe in their order. And firft of 


A good articulation confifts, in giving every letter 
in a fyllable its due proportion of found, according; 
to the moil approved cuRom of pronouncing it ; and 
in making fuch a diP;in6lion between the fyllables of 
which words are compofcd, that the ear ftiall with^ 
out difficulty acknowledge their number ; and per- 
ceive, at once, to which fyllable each letter be- 
longs. Where thefe points are not obferved, the 
articulation is proportionally defedlive. 

Diftinctnefs of articulation depends, primarily, 
upon being able to form the Ample elements or 
letters by the organs of fpeech, in the manner before 
defcribed in treating on that fubject ; and in the next 
place, in diflinguifhing properly the fyllables of 
which words are compofed from each other j which 
can only be done by a juft pronunciation. 

The chief fource of indiftin£lnefs, is too great a 
precipitancy of utterance. To cure this, the moft 
efFeClual method will be, to lay afide an hour every 
day, to be employed in the praClice of reading aloud, 
in a manner much flower than is neceffary. This 
ftiould be done in the hearing of fome perfon, whofc 
office it fliould be to remind the reader, if at any 
time he fliould perceive him mending his pace, and 
falling into his old habit. 

There is one caufe of indiftinft articulation, which 
operates very generally, and which arifes from the 
very genius of our tongue; fo that, unlefs great 
care be taken, it is fcarcely poffible to efcape being 
affetled by it. Every word in our language, com- 
pofed of more fyllables than one, has one fyllable 
accented, and thus peculiarly diftinguiflied from the 
reft ; and if this accented fyllable be properly articu- 
lated, the word will be fufficiently known, even 
though the others are founded very confufedly. This 
produces a negligence with regard to the pronun- 
ciation of the other fyllables ; which, though it may 
not render the fenfe obfcure, yet deftroys all meafure 
and proportion, and confequently all harmony in 
e 2 delivery. 



delivery. This fault is fo general, that I would re- 
commend it to all who are affefled by it, to pro- 
nounce the unaccented fyllables more fully than is 
i^eccliai y, till they .ire cured of it. 


Accent, in the Enslifh language, means a cer- 
tain Ihefs of the voice upon a particular letter of a 
fyllable, which diftinguifhes it from the reft, and, 
at the fame time, diiHnguinies the fyllable itfelf to 
which it belongs, from the others which compofe the 


Thus in the word hab"iU the accent upon the h, 
diftinguifhes that letter, from the others, and the 
firft fyllable from the laft. Add more fyllables 
to it, and it will do the fame; as habitable. In the 
word repkte, the « is the diftinguifhed letter, and the 
fyllable which contains it, the diftinguifhed fyllable. 
But if we add more fyllables to it, as in the word 
rep'utable, the feat of the accent is changed to the 
firfl: fyllable, and /. becomes the diftinguiftied 

Every word in our language, of more fyllables 
than one, has one of the fyllables diftinguifhed from 
the reft in this manner ; and every monofyllable has 
a letter. Thus, in the word hat' the / is accented ; 
in ha'te, the vowel a. In cub', the h; in cu'bc the 
^. Hence every word in the language, which may 
properly be called J"o, has an accent ; for tjie par- 
ticles, fuch as a, the, to, /«, &c. which are unac- 
cented, can fcarcely be called words, which fecms 
to be implied in the name given to thera, that of 
f articles ; and in that ftate they are the fitter to dlf- 
charge their office, by this diiFerence made between 
them and words. So that as articulation is the eflVnce 
of fyllables, accent is the efience of words ; which, 
without it, would be nothing moK than a mere 
fucceffion of fyllables. Thus fimple as is the 
ftate of the Englifh accent, there is no article of 
fpeech which has occafioned more perplexity in thofe 
who have treated of it, merely by confounding it 
with the accents of the ancients, which weie quite 
different things. As this point has been amply dif- 
cuffcd ia the Leaures on Elocution, and the Art of 

Reading, the curious reader is referred to thof: works, 
under the head Accent. - 

The great diftinftion of our accent depends upon its 
feat; which may be either upon a vowel, or a con- 
fonant. Upon a vowel, as in the words, glory, father, 
holy. Upon a confonant, as in the words, hab'it, 
bo/row, bat' tic. When the accent is on the vowel,, 
the fyllable is long ; bccaufe the accent is made by 
dwelling upon the vowel. When it is on the con- 
fonant, the fyllable is fhort ; becaufc the accent is 
made by paffing rapidly over the vowel, and giving a 
fmart ftroke of the voice to the following confonant. 
Thus the words «^', led', bid', rod', cub', are all fhort,. 
the voice paffing quickly over the vowel to the con- 
fonant : but for a contrary reafon, the words all, 
laid, bide,, road, cube, are long ; the accent being oa 
the vowels, on which the voice dwells fome time, 
before it in the found of the confonant. Ob- 
vious as this point is, it has wholly efcaped the ob- 
fcrvation of all our grammarians, and compilers of 
dictionaries; who, inftead of examining the peculiar 
genius of our tongue, implicitly and pedantically 
have followed the Greek method, of always placing 
the accentual mark over a vowel. Now the reafon 
of this praaice among the Greeks, was, that as their 
accents confifted in change of notes, they could not 
be diftin£lly exprcfltd but by the vowels ; in utter- 
ing which, the paffage is entirely clear for the voice 
to ifTue, and not interrupted or ftopptd by the dif- 
ferent pofrtions of the ofgans in forming the confo- 
nants. But as our accent confifts in ftrefs only, it 
can juft as well be placed on a confonant as a vowel. 
By this method of marking the accented fyllable, 
our compilers of didionaries, vocabularies, and fpcll-' 
ing-books, muft niiilead provincials and foreigners 
in the pronunciation of perhaps one half of the words 
in our language. For inftance ; if they fnould look 
for the word endeavour, finding the accent over the 
vowel e, they will of courfe found it end/avour. In 
the fame manner ded'xcTitQ will be called ^//dicate ; 
precip'itate,pr£n-pitate; phenom'enon,,phe;;« menon; 
and fo on through all words of the fame clafs. And 
in faft, we find the Scots do pronounce all fuch 
words in that manner ; nor do they ever lay the ac- 
cent upon the confonant in any word in the whole 



language ; in which, the diverfity of their pronun- 
ciation from that of the people of England chiefly 
confifts. It is a pity that our compilers of dic- 
tionaries fhould have fallen into fo grofs an error, 
as the m.irking of the accents in the right way would 
have afforded one of the moft general and certain 
guides to true pronunciation, that is to be found with 
iefpe£l to our tongue ; for it isaconftant rule through- 
out the whole,^that whenever the accent is on the 
confonant, eachnpreceding vowel has "its firft fhort 
found, as fet forth in the fcheme of vowjIs, and 
exemplified in the words, hat, bet, fit, nit, bit ; 
to which there is no exception in the whole lan- 
guage, except in the few iuft.inces where one vowel 
uiurps the power of another. 

It has been faid above, that every word in our 
language has one accented fyllable ; but it is to be 
obferved, that in fome of our longer polyfyllables 
there are two accents to be perceived ; one ftronger, 
the other fainter. Thus, in the wordexpos'''tulator'y, 
the ftronger accent is on the fyllable pos'^j but 
there is a fainter one on the lad fyllable but one, 
founded tur , expos tulatur -ry ; but this makes no 
difFert-nce with regard to the rule, as the primarv 
accent is fo much more forcible than the fecondary 
one, as evidently to fliew that it is but one word 
which contains both. 

To fuch as have the right ufe of accent in common 
difcourfe, I fh.ill only lay down one rule with regard 
to it, in reading and fpeaking in public : which is, 
that they fnould always take care to lay it upon the 
fame letter of the fyllable in reading, as they are ac- 
cuftomed to do in converfation ; and never to lay any 
llrefs upon any other fyllable. For there are few who 
either read aloud, or fpeak in public, that do not tranf- 
grefs this law of accent, by dwelling equally upon dif- 
ferent fyllables in the fame word : fuch as fo'r-tu'ne, 
na tu'ie, en'cro'achment', con'-jec tu're, pa'-tien'ce, 
&c. But this is not uttering words, but fyllables ; 
which properly pronounced are always tied together by 
an accent ; as for'tune, na ture, encroachment, con- 
jec'ture, pa'tience. Any habit of this fort gives an 
unnatural conftrained air to fpeech, and fhould there- 
fore be carefully avoided by all who deliver themfelves 
in public. 


Pronunciation may be confidcred in a twofold light } 
firft, with regard to propriety ; fecondly, with regard 
to elegance. With regard to propriety, it is necellary 
that each word fliould have its due accent, and each 
letter in it its proper found. This is all that is required 
in the pronunciation of words feparately confidered ; 
and is the chief point treated of in the former part of 
this Grammar. With refpe(St to elegance, befide pro- 
priety, proportion of found alfo is to be taken in ; and 
this regards the delivery of words as arranged in fen- 
tences ; and this is the point which I fliall now chiefly 

As there has been no method hitherto laid open of 
attaining even the firft part, I mean the mere pro- 
priety of pronouncing words, it is no wonder that the 
fecond, or ornamental part, has been entirely nc- 
gle£led. That which gives delight to the ear in the 
utterance of articulate founds, is founded upon -the 
fame principle as that which pleafes in mufical com- 
pofition, I mean proportion ; aad this has a twofold 
reference,, to time, and to found. To the former of 
thefe I fliall give the profodian name of Quantity, to the 
latter that of Quality. At prefent I fhall confider 
quantity only, referring the other article to another 

Our early notions of quantity are all imbibed from 
the Latin profoJy ; in which, the diflerence between 
long and fliort fyllables is eftablithed by rules that 
have no reference to the ear, the fola competent judge 
in this cafe; infomuch that fyllables are called long, 
which are the ftiorteft that can be uttered by the organs 
of fpeech ; and others are called fhort, which take up 
much longer time in pronouncing than the former. 
The mind thus taking a bias under the prejudice of 
falfe rules, never after arrives at a knowledge of the 
true nature of quantity : and accordingly we find that 
all attempts hitherto to fettle the profody of our lan- 
guage, have been vain and fruitlefs. 

In treating of the funple elements or letters, I 
have fhewn that fome, both vowels and confonants, 
are naturally fhort ; that is, whofe founds cannot 
polTibly be prolonged ; and thefe are the founds of 
e, J, and u, of vocal founds, and three pure mutes^ 

k, p, tj 


k, p, t, of the confonant ; as in the words beck, 
lip, cut. 

I have fliewn alfo, that the founds of all the other 
vowels, and of the confonant femivowels, may be 
prolonged to what degree we pleafe ; but at the fame 
lime it is to be obferved, that all thefe may alfo be 
reduced to a fliort quantity, and are capable of being 
uttered in as fliort a fpace of time, as thofe which are 
naturally fhort. So that they who fpealc of fyllables 
as abfolutelv and in their own nature long, the com- 
mon cant of profodians, fpeak of a non-entity : for 
though, as I have fliewn above, there are fyllables 
abfolutely fliort, which cannot pofiibly be prolonged by 
any effort of the fpeaker ; yet it is in his power to 
fhorten or prolong the others to what degree he 

I have faid that in pronouncing words, when the 
accent is on the vowel, the fyllable is long ; when on 
the confonant, fliort ; by which I mean, that the 
Reader fliould dwell on the vowel when accented, in 
order to make it long ; and pafs rapidly over it, giving 
a fmart ftroke to the following confonant, when the 
accent is on that. But this rule is fo far from being 
attended to, that for the mod part the accented vocal 
fyllables are pronounced in as fhort a fpace of time, as 
the accented confonant ; by which means all propor- 
tional quantity in our tongue is utterly deftroyed, and 
the whole appears a rapid gabble of fliort f) liable?. 

To obviate this, I would recommend it to every 
one to pay a particular attention to every vocal ac- 
cented fyllable, and to dwell upon it fo long as to make 
it double the quantity of the fhort ones. Without 
this, fpeech muft be deprived of all fmoothnefs and 

It has been faid above, that when the accent is on 
the confonant the fyllable fliould be founded fliort, 
and this rule in general holds good. Yet there are 
cafes in which the found of the confonant may be 
dwelt upon, and the fyllable thus rendered long; of 
which I fliall fpeak more at large under the next head, 
that of Empl.afis. Jn the mean time, I fhall point 
out the confonants, which, in certain circumlianccs, 
will admit of fuch prolongation, and lay down fomc 
rules for the proper pronunciation of all. 

The reader is here dcfired to recollcdt the divifion, 
made in the beginning, of the confonants into mutes 

and femivowels, and their fubdivlfion into pure and 
impure. It was there fliewn, that the found of the 
pure mutes cannot be at all prolonged ; that of the im- 
pure, for a little time ; and that of the femivowels, 
during pleafure. As the quefl:ion now is about pro- 
longing the found of confonants, what I have to fay 
on that head mufl: chiefly refer to the femivowels. 

Of thefe the found of fome is cifagreeable when 
continued ; of others pleafing to th(y ear. Of the 
former kind are, m, r, f, /, eJJ}, ezhi wlT, eth : of the 
latter /, n, v, z, ing. M, having its found entirely 
through the nofe, is difagreeable if it continues any 
length of time after its formation ; as it refembles 
more the lowing of oxen, than an articulate found, 
i?, v/hen continued, is alfo a harfli found, like the 
fnarling of curs. S is only a hifs, like that of fer- 
pents. F, prolonged, refembles the blowing of wind 
through a chink, and like s, retains no mark of an 
articulate found, after it is once formed. Ezh, ejl}y 
eth, ct^, have too much of the breath mixed in form- 
ing them, to make their found agreeable when con- 
tinued. The only founds therefore which can be 
prolonged with pleafure to the ear, are the femivowels 
/, H, eVf ez, trig. Not but all the others will admit of 
prolongation on certain occafions, which fhall be ex- 
plained hereafter. 

Rules to he ohfervtd In founding the Confjnaiils. 

I. None of them are to be prolonged except when 
the accent is upon them ; which can only happen 
when they are preceded by a fliort founding vowel : as 
tell., can, love. When a long found precedes, the 
voice muft dwell upon the vowel, and take the confo- 
nant into the fyllable in its fhorteft: found ; otherwife, 
were they both dwelt upon, the fyllable would take up 
the time of two long founds, and would therefore fcem 
to be two; as va le, rii-n, bra-ve, diiy-s. This is 
an article very neceflary to be attended to by the 
natives of Scotland, who are apt to prolong the found 
of a fcmivowel after a long vowel. On the other 
iiand, the people of England are to be cautioned againfi 
running the found of the vowel loo quickly into the 
following confonant, which is too generally the 
practice, to the great diminution of the numter of our 
long fyllables, 

12. 2. Their 


2. Their found is never to be prolonged, except 
in monofyllables, or final fyliables of other words ; as 

Swell the bold note — 
Fulfil your purpofe • 

But we muft not faj-, 

The fwel-ling note — 
Fuifil-ling all — 
The can-nons roar 

for this would be to tranfgrefs one of the fundamental 
laws of accent, by feparating fyllabks from words to 
which they belong, and transferring them to the next. 

3. Neither confonant, nor vowel, are to be dwelt 
upon beyond their common quantity, when they clofe 
a fentence. Thus in the following line — 

And if I lofe thy love — I lofe my all — 

the found of the word Lve may be prolonged, as 
the fenfe is not completed ; but that of all, though 
equally emphatical, muft not be continued beyond its 
commcJn time, as it clofes the fenfe. If we tranfpofe 
the members of the line, the thing will be reverfed ; 
as thus — 

I lofe my all — if I fhould lofe thy love. 

Here the time is increafed in the word a//, and that of 
hve reduced to its common quantity. 

This rule is alfo very necefiary to be attended to by 
the natives of Scotland, as the dwelling upon the lall 
■words of fentences, conftitutes one material difference 
between the Englifh fpccch and their's. 

4. When confonants begin a word, or a fyllable, 
they muft be founded fhort ; and great care muft be 
taken, that before their union with the following 
letter, they be not preceded hy any confufed found of 
their own. This is very difagreeable to the ear, and 
yet is no uncommon fault. The not attending to 
tliis in pronouncing the letter s, has been the chief 
caufe of our language being called by foreigners the 
Hiffing language ; though in reality it does not abound 
{o much in that letter as either the Greek or Roman ; 
the f.nal s having, for the moft part, with us, the found 
of z. But if care be not taken early in forming the 
pronuncia'.ion, people are apt to contrail a habit of 
hifling bciore they utter the found of s, as well as of 
continuiiig it at the end. This confufed found at the 

beginning of words is equally diragresable iji all the 

0/ E M P H .A S I S. 

Emphafis difcharges, in fentences, the fame kind of 
office that acceiu does in words. As accent is the 
link which ties fyliables together, and forms them into 
words ; fo emphafis unites words together, and forms 
them into fentences, or members of fentences. As 
accent dignifies the fyllable on which it is laid, and 
makes it more diftinguifhed by the ear than the reft > 
(o emphafis ennobles the word to which it belongs, and 
prefents it in a ftronger light to the underftanding. 
Accent is the mark which diftinguifhes words from 
each other, as fimple types of our ideas, without re-' 
ference to the mutual relation in which they ftand to 
each other. Emphafis is the mark which points out 
their fevi ral degrees of relationfhip, in their various 
combinations, and the rank v/hch they hold in the mind- 
Were there no accents, words would be refolved into their 
original fyliables : were there no emphafis, fentences 
would be refolved into their original words; and in this 
cafe, the hearer muft be at the pains himfelf, firft, of 
making out the words, and afterwards their meaning. 
VV hereas, by the ufe of accent and emphafis, word?, and 
their me3ning,being pointed out by certain marks, at the 
fame time that they are uttered, the hearer has all the 
trouble laved, but that of liftening ; and can accompany 
the fpeaker at the fame pace that he goes with as clears 
comprehenfion of the matter offered to his confideration, 
as the fpeaker himfelf has, if he delivers himfelf well. 

From this account it might appear, that emphafis 
is only a more forcible accent than ordinary, laid upon 
the word to which it belongs, and that it is exaiflly of 
the fame nature, differing only in degree of ftrength : 
an opinion, which, to the great prejudice of elocution, 
has too generally prevailed. But there is an abfolute 
and conftitutional difference between accent and em- 
phafis, as there certainly ought to be, which confifts 
in this ; that every emphatic fyllable, befides a greater 
ftrefs, is marked alfo by a change of note in the voice. 
To fhew the neceflity of this, we need only obferve, 
that the mind, in communicating its ideas, is in a 
continual ftate of activity, emotion, or agitation, from 
the different effects which thofe ideas produce on the 




jiiind of the fjieaker. Now, as the end of fuch com- 
munication is not merely to lay open the ideas, but 
alio all the different feelings which they excite in him 
who utters them, there muft be fome other marks, 
bcfide words, to manifeft thefe ; as words uttered in a 
monotonous ftate, can only reprefent a fimilar ftate of 
mind, perfeflly free from all aflivity or emotion. 

All that pafles in the mind of man may be reduced 
to two clafTes, which I fliall call. Ideas and Emotions. 
By ideas, I mean, all thoughts which rife and pafs in 
fucccffion in the mind of man : by emotions, all ex- 
ertions of the mind in arranging, combining, and fe- 
psrating its ideas ; as well as all the effects produced 
on the mind itfelf, by thofe ideas, from the more vio- 
lent agitation of the paflions, to the calmer feelings, 
produced by the operation of the intelleft and fancy. 
In fliort, thought is the objeft of the one; internal 
feeling, of the other. That which ferves to exprefsthe 
former, I call the language of ideas ; and the latter, the 
language of emotions. Words are the figns of the 
one ; tones, of the other. But there is an ed'ential 
difference between the two, which merits our utmoft 
attention. The language of ideas is wholly arbitrary ; 
that i?, words, which are the figns of our ideas, have 
no natural connexion with them, but depend purely 
upon convention, in the different focieties of men, 
where they are employed ; which is fufficiently proved 
by the divcrfity of languages fpoken by the different 
nations of the world. But it is not fo with regard to 
the language of emotions. - For as the communication 
of thefe internal feelings, was a matter of much more 
confequence in our fecial intercourfe, than the mere 
conveying of ideas; fo, the Author of our being did 
not leave the invention of this language, as in the 
other cafe, toman; but {lamped it himfelf upon our 
nature, in the fame manner as he has done with re- 
gard to the reft of the animal world, who ail c.\prcfs 
their various feelings by various tones. Only ours, 
from the fuperior rank that we hold, is infinitely more 
comprehenfive ; as there is not an aift of the mind, an 
exertion of the fancy, or emotion of the heart, which 
have not annexed to them their peculiar tone and 
notes of the voice, by which they are to be expreffed ; 
and which, when properly ufcd, excite in the minds of 
others, tuned invariably by the hand of nature in uni- 
fon to thofc notes, analogous emotions, Whenever 

therefore man interfere?, by fubftituting any otlicr 
notes in the room of thofe which nature has annexed 
to the afts and feelings of the mind, fo far the lan- 
guage of emotions is corrupted, ^d fails of its end. 
tor the chords of the human heart, thus tuned in 
uiiifon to the natural notes only, will never vibrate in 
correfpondence to thofe of the artificial kind. 

The means by which this expreflive langunge of 
nature has been corrupted in the different nations of 
the worldj have been fct forth at large in the fecond 
leisure on the Art of Reading ; at prefent I fhall con- 
tent myfelf with laying open the caufe of its having 
been in a great meafure loft to us in this~*country. 
Which is nothing elfe than the very defeftive and er- 
roneous method in which all are trained in the art of 
reading ; w'hereby all the various, natural, expreflive 
tones of fpeech are fuppreffed ; and a few artificial, 
unmeaning, reading notes are fubftitutcd in their room. 
Nothing can more clearly confirm the truth of this 
pofition, than the following obfcrvation — That there 
are few people, who fpeak Englifli without a provin- 
cial tone, that have not the moft accurate ufeofem- 
phafis, when they utter their fentiments in common 
difcourfe; and the reafon that they have not the fame 
ufe of it, in reading aloud the fentiments of others, 
or delivering their own in public, is, that they are apt 
to fubftitute the artificial tones and cant of reading, 
to which they have been habituated from their child- 
hood, in the room of thofe of the natural kind. 

From this view of the caufe of the diforder, the 
remedy of courfe fuggefts itfelf. The firft necefftry 
ftep is, to get rid of the artificial notes fiiperinduced 
by the bad habit of reading ; and to fiipply their 
places with thofe of the natural kind. If it be afked, 
how we are to acquire the ufe of the proper notes 
in reading, after we have got rid of the others ; my 
anfwer is, that we have them all prepared within our- 
felves, ready to ftart forth if properly fought for. In 
order to this, it is neceffary that each reader fhoulJ 
not only underftand, but feel the fentiments of the 
Author; and if he enters Into tlie fpirit of the Author's 
fentiments, as well as into the meaning of his words, 
he will not fail to deliver the words in pioperly varied 
tones. But I fhall defer fpcaking of the method to 
be ufed in order to accomplifh this point, till I have 
treated cf the next article, that of 





Stoppino;, like fpelling, haf, at different i)eriods of 
time, and by different perfons, been confldered, in a 
great meafurc, as arbitrary, and has had its different 
•iafhions ; nor are there at this' day any fure general 
rules eftabliftied for the praftice of that ar^ The 
truth is, the modern art of pun£lur.tion was not taken 
from the art of fpeaking, which certainly ought to 
have been its archetvpe, and probably would, had that 
art been fludied and brought to perfection by the mo- 
derns; but was in a great meafure regulated by the 
rules of grammar, which they had ftudied; that is, 
certain parts of fpeech are kept together, and others 
divided by ftops, according to their grammatical con- 
ftruflion, often without reference to the paufes ufed in 
difcourfe. And the only general rule, by which paufes 
can be regulated properly, has been either unknown, 
or unattended to ; which is, that paufes, for the moft 
part, depend on emphafis. I have already Ihewn, 
.that words are fufficiently diftinguifhed from each 
other, by accent ; but to point out their meaning 
when united in fentences, emphafis and paufes are 
neceffary. As emphafis is the link which connects 
words together, and forms them into fentences, or into 
members of fentences ; when in the fame fentence 
there are more than one member, and more than one 
emphatic word, that there maybe nomiflake with regard 
to the number of words belonging to each emphafis, 
at the enH of every fuch member of a fentence, there 
ought to be a perceptible paufe. If it be afked, why 
a paufe fliould any more be neceffary to emphafis than 
to accent ? or why emphafis alone, will not fufficiently 
diftjnguifli the members of fentences from each other, 
without paufes, as accent does words ? the anfwer is 
'obvious i that we are pre-acquainted with the found of 
words, and cannot miftake them when diftinctly pro- 
jiorunced, however rapidly: but we are not pre-ac- 
quainted with the meaning of fentences, which muft 
be pointed out to us by the reader or fpeaker ; and as 
■thiscah orily be^ done, by evidently {hewing what 
words appertain to each emphatic one ; unlefs a paufe 
be made 'at the end of the laft word belonging to the 
former etrphatic one, we fhall r.ot be- able to know 
at all timef, to which of the two emphafes the inter- 

mediate words are to be referred ; and this mufl often 
breed confufion in the fenfc. 

Thus unfit as the flate of punfluafion' is to anfwer 
even its own end, the teachers of the art of reading 
have annexed another office to it, quite foreign to its 
nature, which has been attended with the word con- 
fequences with regard to delivery ; and that is by affo- 
ciatitig certain artificial notes of the voice to thefo 
flops. How little fitted they are to anfwer this end, 
we may judge, by confidering that the notes preced- 
ing paufes and refts in difcourfe, are exceedingly nu- 
merous and various, according to the fenfe of the 
words, the emotions of the mind, or the exertions of 
fancy ; and cannot poffibly be reprefented by fo fmall 
a number as four or five marks, which are ufcd as 
flops : yet all this immenfe variety are fwallowed up 
and loft in the reading notes, which ufually confifl 
only of two ; one annexed to the flops which mark 
members of fentences, as comma, femicolon, and colon ; 
the other to the full ftop, when the fentence is com- 
plete. By fome, the pupils are taught to elevate their 
voice in tiie former cafe, and to deprefs it in the latter. 
By others, the depreffed note is ufed in both cafes, only 
differing in degree. 

Here then is to be found the true fource of the bad 
manner of reading and fpeaking in public, that fo 
generally prevails : which is, that we are taught td 
read in a different way, with different tones and ca- 
dences, from thofe which we ufe in fpeaking ; and this 
artificial manner, being ufed inftead of the natural one, 
in all recitals and repetitions at fchool, as well as in 
reading, generally infedts the delivery of all who after^ 
wards fpeak in public. For they are apt to confider 
this fpecics of delivery, which they have been taught, 
as fuperior to that kind which comes of courfe, with- 
out any pains ; and therefore judge it the moft proper 
to be ufed on all public occafions. B«t as there is 
fomething in this monotonous manner of reading, 
againft which nature herfelf revolts ; when they ars 
to delivbr their own fentiments in fpeaking, each in- 
dividual, not having been inftrucled in the proper ufe 
of fuitably varied and expre/five tones, falls, into a 
certain cant or tune, by certain elevations and depref- 
fions of the voice, to which all fentences are fet alike; 
and this turie, being void both of harmony and exprcffion, 
is at orice difcordant to the car, and difgufting to the 
i under- 



iinderftanding. Thus has this unnatural mode of ut- 
terance, fpread itfelf in the fenate-houfe, the pulpit, 
the bar, and every place where public declamation is 
u'ed ; ipfomiich that the inftances of a juft and natu- 
r;il elocution are very rare : the want of which is 
moft generally and fenfibly felt in our churches. 

Having (hewn the many al>ufcs committed in the 
two mofl important articles of delivery, emphafis and 
flop?, it now remains to point out the remedy. 

The fource of thefe abufes may be farther traced, 
by attentively weighing the following obfervation — 
That no illiterate man ever ufes faifc emphafcs, tones, 
or ftops, infpeaking; it is only the literate, thofe that 
have learned to read, that can fall into errors of that 
lort. For, as our ideas pafs in train in our minds, 
and arc there conne(5led or divided, the illiterate man, 
without rule ar thought, exhibits them exactly as they 
pals in his mind. To the idea that makes the moft 
forcible imprefllon there, he gives the greateft force of 
exprefiion in utterance; and therefore the ftrongeft em- 
phafls to the word which (iands as its mark. And what- 
ever emotions are excited in him by thofe ideas, he 
cannot help manifefting by fuitable tones, looks, and 
geftures ; as thefe neceflarily proceed from an original 
law of his conftitution, and without pains cannot be 
fupprefled. Whereas the man who has learned to 
tead, has been taught to connedt or feparate his words, 
by arbitrary rules of flopping, which are not taken 
from the natural train of our ideas. He has no mark 
to point out the moft important word, which is there- 
fore often neglected, or the emphafis transferred to 
another of lefs confequencc. He is not taught to an- 
nex to his wordf, any part of the language of emo- 
tions, tones, looks, and geftures; which are therefore 
wholly omitted, or abfurdly applied. In fliort, as in 
the whole written language there is nothing ofFcrcd to 
the eye but letters and flops; the teacher of the art of 
reading thinks be has done his duty, when he has in- 
flruded you in the manner of fpelling thofe tetters pro- 
perly, fo as to form them into words ; and in the ufe of 
the flops to feparate fentences, and members of fen- 
tcnces from each other. It is here therefore the re- 
medy is to be fought for, by. fupplying and correfling 
what is erroneous and defeilive in the ait of reading. 
For it is manifcft from what has been faiJ bcfoie, tliat 
if reading could be brought to be exadly ihc fame 


thing as fpeaking, a juft and forcible delivery would 
of courfe follow, though more might be required to 
make it graceful and pleafing to the ear. However 
eafy it may appear at firfl fight to put this in praflice, 
yet upon trial it would be found more difficult than is 
imagined. Confirmed bad habits in a thing which 
we daily praiSife, can be removed only by a right me- 
thod, and daily pradlice according to that method. 

Such a method is what I am now about to lay down ; 
and I dare promife that whoever will purfue it, will 
find efFedls from it, fuitable to the pains that he fhall 

The chief error in writing, is the manner of flop- 
ping, different from the natural train of our ideas : 
and the chief defecf, the want of fome mark for each 
emphatic word; which is the caufe of neglecting, or 
mifapplying emphafis. To get the better of bad habits 
arifing from thefe, I would propofe the following me- 

If a perfon has a mind to read any pafTage correflly, 
let him firfl write it out without flops. Let him then 
confider the general meaning and purport of the words, 
and enter into the fpirit of the fentiment. Let him afk 
himfelf — How fhould I deliver this, fuppofing it to be 
the immediate efFufion of my own mind ? Let him try 
to do this. He will not at firfl be able to hit the mark, 
for his habitual reading tones will force themfelves upon 
him for fome time ; but at every trial, with that poirrt 
in view, he will gain ground. It will be of great 
affiftance to him, if he can get a friend to hear him 
fentence by fentence, ftill alking him — Is that the 
way in which I (hould utter that fentence, fuppofing 
it to proceed from the immediate fentiments of my 
mind? For in that cafe he may be often informed of 
his ufmg thofe artificial tones of reading, which, from 
habit, may not ftrike his own ear, though they will 
immediately be perceived by another's. A(ttr this let 
him flop it, according to the method which he has 
fettled of fpeaking it : but let him not ufe the common 
flops of writing, the fight of which, would revive 
the ufe of their afTociated tones ; inftead of thefe let 
him employ fmall inclined lines, to be placed at the- 
top of the line behind the word, and not at the bottom ;. 
in order as little .TS polFible to revive the idea of the 
ufual flops. To anfwcr this end four marks will be 
fulficient, as thus— 



For the fhorteft paufe a fmall inclined line, thus 
For the fccond, double the time of the former, two 
And for the third, or full ftop, three 
To -mark a paufe longer than any belonging to 

the ufual flops, two horizontal lines, as thus z= 
The manner of reducing this to practice, may be 
niade clear by the following example : 

D early belo\ed brethren =: The fcripture moveth 
us ' in fu^ndry places ' to acknow lege and confe'fs 
our manifold hns and wickednefs and that we 
fliOL"ld not dilTe'mble'' nor clo\e them' before the 
face of Almighty God' our HeaVenly Father" but 
confeYs them with an humble' lowly' penitent' 
and obVdient heart to the end that we may obtain 
forgiVenefs of the fame ' by hi^s ' i^nfinite goodnefs 
and mercy''' 

Having fettled the ftops, let him afterwards mark 
each emphatic word, by placing a floping line in- 
clining to the right, over the accented letter of fuch 
word, as is done in the above example. To this ac- 
cented fyllable let him conftantly endeavour to give 
the peculiar note which nature herfelf has annexed 
to the fentiment, and this will fcrve as a key-note or 
ftgulator of the others. I would recommend it to 
him not to proceed to another paflage, till, by fre- 
quent trials, he has made himfelf niaftcr of one ; 
and his beft way of knowing this, will be, to read it 
to different perfons, at difFerent times, ftill afking 
them the queftion before mentioned ; and he may be 
pretty fure, when they are agreed in opinion, that he 
has accompliftied the point. From this paflage let 
him proceed to another; and fo on, ftill making 
choice of diverfity of flyle and matter ; and it is in- 
conceivable, when once he fhall have made himfelf 
inafler of a few paflages in that way, how quick his 
progrefs will be afterv/ards. But ftill he muft not 
indulge himfelf for fome time, in reading any thing, 
but with this particular view, otherwife his old habit 
will counteradt/his progrefs in the new way. 

But it may be faid, that though his manner may 
be changed, in reading thofe paflages that are marked 
in the propofed way, his old habit will prevail when 
he reads fuch as are written in the cuftomary manner. 
To prevent this, I would ad\ife him, after he has 
5naxkcd any paflage, and made himfelf mafter of it, 

L GRAMMAR. xliii 

to read the fame paflage aloud as ufually written or 
printed ; and if this fhould occafion any difference 
in him, from the manner he had before fettled, let 
him read it over and over till he has brought it to be 
the fame. This will make him attentive to the 
errors and defects in th'- graphic art, and he will 
come gradually to negle(5t thofe falfe guides, the ftops ; 
and learn to be attentive only to the main drift and 
fcope of each fentence. But as it will require long 
pradtice, before he will be able to do this at fight, I 
would recommend it to him not to read any thing 
aloud, for fome time at leaft, till he has caft his eye 
over it, and taken in the general fenfe of the paflage. 
And I would alfo advlfe him not to deliver any thing 
from notes in public, without ufing the marks be- 
fore mentioned, till habit fliall have fettled him in 
the right way. 

This method, Ample as it is, I can vouch from 
experience, will, if properly followed, changq the 
artificial and unafteiSting, to the natural and forcible 
manner of utterance. And whoever can accomplifli 
that point, will certainly obtain the chief end of 
delivery, that of gaining attention, and malcing an 
impreflion on his auditory. 

There is one article relative to the intonation oi 
the ftops, which, though of the utmoft importance 
to a tuft and graceful delivery, has never yet been 
pointed out, and which, as demanding the utmoft 
attention, I have referved for the laft place. In the 
ufual method of managing the voice .vith refpe£t to 
the ftops, we are only taught either to rtife or lower 
it, according to the nature of the ftops ; but there 
is a third thing to be done of more frequ.'Kt ufe, 
and as cflentially ncceflary, which i«, fufpending 
the voice before certain paufe?, without any change 
of note. The method of pointing out to the ear the 
clofe of a fentence, or a full completion of the 
fenfe, is by a depren*ed note. That of marking the 
members of fentences, or incomplete fenfes, is either 
bv an elevated or fufpended note. The elevated notes 
fhould be chiefly appropriated to the c.iphatic fyl- 
lables, and fhould hardly ever otherwife precede 
paufes, except in notes of admiration, interrogation, 
or impaflioned difcourfe ; the incomplete members 
of all other fentences ftiould be marked only by a 
f z fufpenfioH 



fufpenfion of the voice, in the fame individual note, 
as if it had proceeded without interruption to the 
next member of the fentence. They who do other- 
wife, if they elevate the voice at the clofc of the 
fmaller members, fall into a tune or cant running 
through all fentences alike. If they deprefs it, they 
make the members appear fo many detached fen- 
tences, and deftroy that concatenation of the parts, 
\vithout which the complete fenfe of the whole can 
never clearly be manifefted. They who have been 
accullon.ed to make fome change of note before all 
flops, will find it very difficult at firft to fufpend their 
voice without fuch change ; and their beft method 
to attain it in reading will be, at firft, to run the 
words of the former member, into the firft of the 
latter, without .any paufe, attending to the note 
which they ufe in that cafe; then let them try to 
flop at that word in the fame note, which will be 
then juft frefti on the ear. But they will have a ftill 
more certain method, by having recourfc to the ge- 
neral rule before laid down, and aflcing therhfelves 
how they would utter thofe words, if they were fpeak- 
ing, not reading them. 

Having faid all that is neccflary on the into- 
nation of the paufes, it now remains to fay fomething 
on the time of their duration. In this refp'^iSf, the 
great fault almoft univerfally committed, is that of 
making them too ftiort. As every member of a fen- 
lence contains fome idea of more or lefs importance 
to the drift of the whole, there ought to be a fuffi- 
cient paufe at the end of each member, to give time 
for each idea to make its due impreffion on the mind, 
and the proportion of time in the paufe fiiould be re- 
gulated, by the importance of each idea ; or by the 
clofer, or more remote connexion which it has 
with the main objedt of the fentence. Paufes in 
difcourfe anfwer the fame end that fliades do in pic- 
tures ; by the proper ufe of which, the objects fbnd 
out diftinilly to the eye; and without which, were 
the colours to run into one another, it would be 
difficult to difcriminatc the fuvcral figures of the 
campofition. In order to get the better of this bad 
habit of running fentences, and their members, too 
quickly into one another, I would recommend it to 
every reader to make all his paufes longer than is 

neceflary, till by degrees he brings them to their due 

Of the PIT C H and M A N A G E l.l E N T cf 
the VOICE. 

Thefe are articles of the utmoft importance, to 
give due force and proportion to all the others. In 
order to be heard with fatisfaiStion, it is necefliiry that 
the fpeaker fljoulJ deliver himfelf with eafe. But if 
he does not know how to pitch his voice properly, he 
can never have the due management of it ; and bis 
utterance will be painful to himfelf, and irkfome to 
his hearers. 

Every fpeakcr, who is not corrupted by bad habits, 
has three pitches in his voice ; the high, low, and 
middle pitch. The middle, is that which is ufed 
in common difcourfe; from which he either rifes or 
falls, according as the matter of his difcourfe, or 
emotions of his mind require. This middle pitchj 
therefore, is what ought to be generally ufed, for 
two reafons ; firft, becaufe the organs of the voice 
are flronger, and more pliable in this pitch, from 
conftant ufe : and fecondly, becaufe it is more eafy 
to rife or fall from that pitch, to high or low, with 
regular proportion. 

Moft pcrfons, through v^ant of fkill and praftice, 
when they read or fpeak in public, fall into one of 
the extremes. Either through timidity and diffidence, 
they ufe. the low pitch, in which they are not heard 
at all, or with fo much trouble to the llftener, as 
foon to w^ary attention : or, if they aim at avoiding 
this fault, they run into the high pitch ; which Is 
produdtive of confequences equally bad. The or- 
gans of the voice in this unufual pitch, are foorl 
wearied ; and languor and hoarfenefs enfue. And 
as thp, reafpn for continuing it, will be equally ftrong 
during the whole difcoiufe, ns for the firft fettingoui 
in it, the fpeaker muft lofe ail the benefits v/hich 
arife from variety, and fall into a difgulting mono- 

The prevalence of this praflice arifes from a com- 
mon miftike in thofe who fpeak, for the firft time, 
in a large room, and bef6r<? a numerous auditory. 
They conclude it impoffiblc that they fho^ilJ be heard 



in their common pitch of voice, and therefore change 
it to a higher. Thus they confound two very 
diftinct things, maicing high and low, the fame with 
loud and foft. Loud and foft in fpcaking, is like 
the frjrii and fiano in mufic ; it only refers to the 
different degrees of force ufed in the fame key : 
v.'hereas high and low, imply a change of key. So 
that the bufinefs of every fpeaker is, to proportion 
the force or loudnefs of voice to the fize of the 
room, and number of his auditors, in its ufual pitch. 
If it be larger than ordinary, he is to fpeak louder, 
not higher, in his ufual key, not in a new one. 
And v/hoever negleifts this, will never be able to 
manage his voice with eafe to himfelf, or fatisfac- 
tion CO his hearers. He who delivers himfelf in a 
moderate pitch, whenever his fubjcft demands that 
he fhould rife to a higher, or fink to a lower, does 
it with eafe, and in due proportion ; and produces 
the efFe(fts which are to be expected from fuch change, 
and agreeable variety. While he who takes a high 
pitch, cannot rife upon occafion, without running 
into difcord; nor fink, with any rule of proportion 
to guide him. They who, to avoid this fault, run 
into the oppofite extreme, and begin in a lower pitch 
than is natural to them, err indeed on the fafer fide, 
but are equally diftant from the point of truth. It 
is true, it is more eafy to rife gradually and pro- 
portional I v, than to defcend ; but while they remain 
in thnt key, it will appear equally unnatural, and 
more languid than the other ; and they will be very 
apt, through the body of their difcourfe, to run 
chiefly into that key in which they had fet out. 

With regard to the degree of loudnefs to be ufed, 
the bcft rule for a fpeaker to obferve is, never to utter 
a greater quantity of voice, than he can afford with- 
out pain to himfelf, or any extraordinary effort. 
While he does this, the other organs of fpeech will 
be at liberty to difcharge their feveral ofnces with 
eafe; and he will always have his voice under com- 
mand. But whenever he tranfgreffcs thefe bounds, 
he gives up the reins, and has no longer any ma- 
nagement of it. And it will ever be the fafeft way 
too, to keep within his compafs, rather than go at 
any time to the utmoft extent of it ; which is a 
dangerous experiment, and never juftifiable but upon 

fome extraordinary emotion. For even in that cafe, 
the tranfgreiTing of the limits in the leaft, will fcarce 
be pardoned : for, as the judicious Shakefpear has 
well obfervcd in his inftruiflion to the player. In 
the very torrent, tempej}, and as I may fay whirhvlnd of 
your pajjion, you mujl acquire and beget a temperance that 
may give it fmoothnefs. 

In order to have a full power and command over 
the voice, it is ncceffary that the fpeaker fhoiild un- 
derftand the right management of the breath ; an ar- 
ticle of the utmoft importance to the whole of delivery, 
and yet which is as little known as any of the reft. 
The falfe rule, by which people in general are in- 
ftrudted in learning to read, that the breath is never 
to be drawn, but when there is a full ftop, or clofe 
of the fenfe, has made it exceedingly difficult to 
utter long fentences, efpecially to thofe v/ho are 
fliort-winded. They are therefore apt to run them- 
felves entirely out of breath, and not to ftop till the 
failure of that obliges them to it, which is therefore 
likely to happen in improper pieces ; or elfe they fub- 
divide the long fentence, into as many diftincl fen- 
tences, as they take times of breathing ; to the utter 
confufion of the fenfe. For, as they have been taught 
not to take breath, but when they make a full flop, 
they habitually ufe the tone of a full i'op, whenever 
they take breath. 

It is of as much importance to a fpeaker, that he 
fliould have at all times a fufficient command of breath, 
as that an organ fhould be fupplied with a proper 
quantity of air. In order to this, he fliould take care 
always to get a frefli fupply, before he feels any want 
of it ; for while he has fome to fpare, he recruits it 
with fuch eafe, that his hearers are not at all fenfibleof 
his doing it. Whereas if he waits till he is put in mind 
of it, by fome degree of uneafinefs, he not only does 
it with more difficulty himfelf, but he may depend 
upon it that his heqrers have alfo felt his uneafinefs, 
and been fenfible of his difficulty. For, fo ftrong is 
the fympathy between the organs of fpeech and thofe 
of hearing, that the leaft uneafinefs in the one, is im- 
mediately perceived by the other. 

To enable a reaJer or fpeaker to accomplifh this 
point, it is only ncceffary to obferve, that he may at 
all times fupply himfelf with any quantity of breath 




he plcafci, even at the fmalleft (lop, only obferving 
the rule-laid down, that of giving the true tone which 
fhould precede fuch flop. For the note of the voice, 
in tliat cafe, fuiKcicntly marks the nature of the paufe, 
without any reference to time, which he is at liberty 
to prolong at pleafure, without prejudice to the fcnfe ; 
as the coiinedlion of the fenfe does not at all depend 
upon the length of time in the (lops, as is abfurdly ima- 
gined, but upon the tone of voice accompanying them. 
This circiimftance gives the fpeaker fuch power over 
the paufes, as, judicioufly ufed, may contribute much 
to the main point in view, that of flrongly inculcating 
his meaning. For, by this means, he may always 
proportion his paufes to the importance of the fenfe ; 
and not merely to the grammatical ftructure of words 
in fentences, making like paufes to all of like (Iruc- 
ture, without diftindion. For inftance, if there be 
any propofition or fentiment which he would enforce 
more flrongly than the leH, he may either precede it 
by a longer paufe than ufual, which will roufe atten- 
tion, and give it the more weight when it is deliver- 
ed ; or he may make a longer paufe after it is clofed, 
which will give time to the mind to ruminate upon it, 
and let it fink deeper into it by refleiflion ; or, accord- 
ing to the importance of the point, he may do both. 
He may go ftill farther, and make a paufe before fome 
very emphatical word, where neither the fcnfe, nor 
common ufage would admit of any; and this on pro- 
per occafions may produce a very powerful cffcch 

0/ TONES. 

Thus far I have confidcred the fcveral points, that 
are fundamentally and cU'entially neceflary to every 
public fpeaker ; without which, he will be fo far from 
making any imprcflion on his hearers, that he will not 
be sble to command their attention, nor, in many cafes, 
even make himfelf underflood. Yet fo low is the flate 
of elocution among us, that a man who is mafter even 
of thefe rudiments of rhetoric, is comparatively con- 
fidered as one of an excellent delivery. This very 
circumft.ince, therefore, is a fufficient inducement to 
apply clofely, at lead to the maftery of thefe points. 

But to fuch as fliould be dcfirous to extend their 
views fo far as to attain the nobler ends of oratory, I 
njean a power of commanding the tempers, difpofuionp, 

and paflions of mankind, there arc other points to be 
confidered ; to mafter which will require the clofeft 
attention, and infinite pains. The firft, and principal 
of thefe, is the article of tones ; upon the proper ufe 
and management of which, all that is pleafurable, or 
affecling in elocution, chiefly depends. 

What I have hitherto faid on this fubje£l, refers 
only to particular notes of the voice, appertaining to 
emphafis and flops, in fentences. Here I mean to 
fpeak of that general intonation, which pervades whole 
periods, and parts of a difcourfe. 

Tones may be divided into two kinds; natural and 
inftituted. The natural, are fuch as belong to the 
paflions of man in his animal ftate ; which are im- 
planted in his frame, by the hand of nature; and which 
fpontaneoufly break forth, whenever he is under the 
influence of any of thofc paflions. Thefe form a uni- 
verfa! language, equally ufed by all the different na- 
tions of the world, and equally underflood and felt by 
aU. Thus, the tones expreffive of forrow, lameuta- 
t'on, mirth, joy, hatred, anger, love, pity, &c. are 
th-; fame in all countries, and excite emotions in us 
analogous to thofe paflions, when accompanying words 
which we do not underftand. 

The inflituted tones, are thofe which are fettled by 
compaiSl, to mark the different operations, exertions, 
and emotions of the intelledl and fancy, in producing 
their ideas; and thefe in a great meafure differ, in dif- 
ferent countries, as the languages do. 

The former of thefe, it is evident, neither require 
fludy nor pains, when we are ourfelves under the in- 
fluence of any of thofc paflions, as they are neceflarily 
produced by them: but in attempting to produce them, 
either in delivering the impaffioned fpeeches of writers ; 
or in afluming them in our own difcourfes ; we fliall 
fail of the point, fo far as we fail of feeling, for the 
time, the very paflions we would exprefs. We may 
indeed mimic the tones of thofe paflions, but the cheat 
will be manifcft, and not reach the hearts of the 
hearers. Si vis me fiere, ddendum ejl primum tibi ipfiy 
is a well known maxim, and will hold good with re- 
gard to all the other paflions. 

With refped to the latter, it will require great pains 
and much obfervation, to become mafter of them. 

When we confidcr that all thefe tones are to be ac- 
companied by fuitablc looks and gefluresj not only 




adapted in the jufteft proportion to give due force to 
the fentiment, but regulated alfo in fuch a way as to 
appear graceful, we need not wonder that this fpecies 
of oratory is fcarce known among us, who have never 
ftudied even the principles of the art. Nor is it hardly 
ever attempted to be put in praftice, except on the 
ilage; where indeed feme degree of it is eflentialiy ne- 
ceflary. And the extreme dijEculty of arriving at any 
degree of perfeftion in it cannot be more clearly 
fliewn, than by recollecting how few the inftances 
are, of thofe who have fucceedcd even tolerably there, 
though it be the main object and bufinefs of their 
lives. All this is the neceilary confequence of our 
having devoted our whole time and attention to the 
cultivation of the written language, and leaving that 
of fpeech entirely to chance. 

When we reflaft, that not only every thing which 
is pleafurable, every thing which is forcible and affe6l- 
ing in elocution, but alfo the moft material points ne- 
ceflary to a full and diftinfl comprehcnfion, even of the 
fenfe of what is uttered, depend upon the proper ufe 
of tones, and their accompaniments ; it may well 
aftoni{h us to think, that fuch eflential parts of lan- 
guage ftiould in a civilized country, and a country of 
freedom too, be wholly neglefled. Nay worfe — that 
our youth fliould not only be inftruded in the true 
ufe of thefe, but in the little art that is ufed, they 
fliould be early perverted by falfe rules, utterly repug- 
nant to thofe which nature has clearly fointed out to 
us. And how can it be otherwife, when we have 
given up the vivifying energetic language, ftamped by 
God himfelf upon our natures, for that which is the 
cold, lifelefs work of art, and invention of man ; 
and bartered that, which can penetrate the inmofl fe- 
cefies of the foul, for one which dies in the ear, or fades 
upon the fight i" 

Such is our prefent (tate, and fuch it muft ever con- 
tinue, till the objeft be changed; tilt the living lan- 
guage be reftored to its due rank, and fchools of rhetoric 
eftablifhed, as in old Greece and Rome, for teaching 
the nobleft, moft ufeful, and ornamental art, that ever 
improved and dignified human nature. 


In order to know the difTercnt manner to be ufed in 
ihe recitation of verfe, from that of profe, it will be 

neceflary to examine, in the firft place, wherein the 
difference be;ween profe and verfe confills. 

Poetic numbers are founded upon the fame principles 
with thofe of the mufical, and are governed by fimilar 
laws. Proportion and order are the fources of the 
pleafure we receive from both, and the beauty of each 
depends upon a due obfervation of the laws of meafure, 
and movement. The eflential difference between, 
them is, that the matter of the one confifts of articu- 
late, of the other, inarticulate founds : but fyllables ia 
the one correfpond to notes in the other; poetic feet,, 
to mufical bars ; and verfes, to ftrains : they have all 
like properties, and are governed by fimilar laws. 

The conflltuent parts of verfe are, feet, and paufes j 
from the due dirtribution of which, refult meafure, and 
movement. Feet confifl of a certain number of fyl- 
lables united together, like notes in bars ; and a certain 
number of thofe feet, when completed, according to 
the rules of the different fpecies of verfification, form 
verfes or flrains. They are called feet, becaufe it is by 
their aid that the voice as it were fteps along through 
the verfe, in a meafured pace; and it is therefore 
neceflary that the fyllables which mark this regular 
movement of the voice, fhould in feme manner be 
diflinguifhed from the others. This diflimStion was 
made among the ancient Romans, by dividing their 
fylhbles into long and fhort, and afcertaining their 
quantity, by an exadt proportion in founding them j 
the long, being to the fhort, as two to one ; and the 
long fyllables, being thus the more important, marked 
the movement. In Englifh, fyllables are divided into 
accented and unaccented : and the accented fyllables, 
being as firongly diflinguifhed from the unaccented, 
by the peculiar flrefs of the voice upon them, are 
equally capable of marking the movement, and point- 
ing out the regular paces of the voice, as the long 
fyllables were, by their quantity, among the Ro- 

From not having examined the peculiar ";enius of 
our tongue, our Profodians have f;'llen into a variety 
of errors : fome having adopted the rules of our neigh- 
bours, the French ; and others having had recourfe to 
thofe of the ancients ; though neither of them, in 
reality, would fquare with our tongue, on account of 
an eflential difference between them. VVith regard 
to the French, they meafured verfes by the number of 




fvllables wliereof tlicy were compofed, on account of 
a conflitutional deli.<5t in their tongue, which rendered 
it incapable of numbers formed by poetic feet, for 
it has neither accent, nor quantity, fuited to the pur- 
pofe; the fyllables of their words being for the moft 
part equally accented ; and the number of long fyl- 
labjcs being out of all proportion greater than that of 
the fliort. Hence for a long time it was fuppofed, as 
it is by moft people at prefcnt, that our verfcs were 
compofed, not of feet, but fyllables ; and accordingly 
they are denominated verfes of ten, eight, fix, or four 
fyllables, even to this day. Thus have we loft fight 
of the great advantage which our language has given 
us over the French, in point of poetic numbers, by 
its being capable of a geometrical proportion, on which 
the harmony of verfification depends ; and blindly re- 
duced ourfclves to that of the arithmetical kind, which 
contains no natural power of pleafing the car. And 
hence, like the French, our chief pleafure in verfe, 
arifes from the poor otnament of rhime. 

Some few of our Profodians finding this to be an 
error, and that our verfes were really compofed of feet, 
not fyllables, without farther examination, boldly ap- 
plied all the rules of the Latin profody to our verfifica- 
tlon ; though fcarce any of them anfwered exa£Hy, 
and fome of them were utterly incompatible with the 
genius of our tongue. Thus becaufe the Roman feet 
were formed by quantity, they afierted the fame of 
ours, denominating all the accented fyllables long; 
whereas 1 have formerly fliewn, that the accent, in 
Tome cafes, as certainly makes the fyllable on which it 
is laid, fliort, as in othe»-s it makes it long. And their 
whole theory of quantity, borrowed from the Roman, 
ill which they endeavour to eftr.blifli the proportion of 
long and fhort, as immutably fixed to the fyllables of 
words conftrufled in a certain way, at once falls to 
the ground ; when it is fliewn, that the quantity of 
our fyllables is perpetually varying with the fenfe, and. 
is for the moft part regulated by emphafis: which has 
been fully proved in the courfe of Leflurcs on the Art 
of Reading Verfe: where it has been alfo (hewn, that 
this very circumftance has given us an amazing ad- 
vantage over tlie ancients, in point of poetic num- 

The other conftiiucr.t part of verfe, confids in 
paufes, peculiarly belonging to verfe, and diffiiring 

from the piofaic. Of the poetic paufes, there are two 
forts ; one denominated Cefural, the other I fhall call 
the Final. The cefural, divides the verfe into equal, or 
unequal parts; ihe final, clofes it. The cefural paufe 
is known to all who have any acquaintance with the 
nature of verfe ; but the final has hitherto efcapcd 
the obfervation of all the writers upon that fubjeft. It 
is for that very reafon, that there has not hitherto been 
given an adequate idea of verfe, in contradiftin(flion 
to profe, fince it is the ufe of this final paufe, which, 
on many occafions, alone marks the difference between 
the two. It is the line drawn between their boundaries, 
which can never be miftaken, whilft it remains ; re- 
move it, and it is impoflible, in many cafes, to dif- 
tinguifti the one from the other. 

Do we not obferve, that verfe is written in a dif- 
ferent way from profe ? Do we not find that in each 
fpecies of vcrfification, every line is bounded by the 
meafure ? that is, muft terminate, when the number 
effect which belongs to the kind of metre, is com- 
pleted. Is not this done to mark the metre diftin£lly ? 
And is it to the eye only that the metre is to be marked ? 
the eye, which, of itfelf, can form no judgment of 
meafure in founds, nor take any pleafure in fuch ar- 
rangement of words ; and fhall the ear, the fole judge 
of numbers, to which nature herfelf has annexed a 
delight, in the perception of metre, be left without 
any mark, to point out the completion of the meafure ? 
If it were indeed a law of our vcrfification, that every 
line fliould terminate with a flop in the fenfe, the 
boundaries of the meafure would then be fixed, and 
could not be miftaken. But when we know, that 
one of the greatcft petfedlions in our blank heroic 
verfe, is that of drawing out the fenfe from one line 
to another, I am afraid, in that cafe, if there be no 
mark to (hew where the meafure ends, it will be often 
carried away by the fenfe, and, confounded with it, 
be changed to pure profe. Nothing has puzzled the 
bulk of readers, or divided their opinions more, than 
the manner in which thofe verfes ought to be recited, 
where the fenfe does not clofe with the line ; and 
whofc laft words have a necefiary conneflion with thofe 
that begin the fubfequent verfe. Some, who fee the 
neccflity of pointing out the metre, make a paufe at 
the end of fuch lines ; but never having been taught 
any other paufe, but thofe of the fentential kind, they 
/ ufe 



»(e one of them, and pronounce the lafl word in fuch 
a note, as ufually marks a member of a fentence. 
Now this is certainly improper ; becaufe they make 
that appear to be a complete member of a fentence, 
which is^an incomplete one"; and by thus disjoining 
the fenfe, as well as the words, often confound the 
meaning. Others of a more enthufiafiic kind, elevate 
their voices, at the end of all verfes, to a higher note 
than is ever ufed in any of the fentential flops ; but 
fuch a continual repetition of the fame high note, at 
the clofe of every verfe, though it marks the metre 
didindly, becomes difgufting by its monotony ; and 
gives an air of chanting to fuch recitation, extremely 
difagreeable to every ear, except that of the reciter 
himfelf; who, in general, feems highly delighted with 
his own tune, and imagines it gives equal pleafure to 
Others. It was to a reader of this fort, that Caefar 
faid, '' If you read, you fing ; and if you fmg, you 
' fing yeiy ill.' 

To avoid thefe feveral faults, the bulk of readers 
liave chofen what they think a fafer courfe, which is, 
that of running the lines one into another, without the 
leaft paufe, where they find none in the fenfe; in the 
fame manner as they would do in fentenccs of profe, 
were they to find the fame words there fo difpofed ; 
by which means they reduce verfe to a hobbling kind 
of metre, neither verfe nor profe. In vain, to fuch 
readers, has Milton laboured the bed proportioned 
numbers in blank verfe ; his order is turned into 
confunon j his melody, into difcord. In vain have 
Prior and Dryden, in the coupler, fought out the richeft 
j-hime; the laft word, hurried precipitately from its 
poft, into the next line, leaves no impreffion on the 
ear ; and loft in' a clufter of words, marks not the 
relation between it and its correlative, which, their 
diftinguifhed fimilar pofls in the two verfes had given 
them ; by which means the whole effect of the riiime, 
as well as the metre, is loft. We need not wonder, 
hinvever, that the majority of readers {hould readily 
fall into this laft method, becaufe they have all learned 
to read profe, and it cofts them no trouble to read 
vtT^e. like profe. 

But it will be aflced, if this final paufe is neither 
marked by an elevation, or depreflion of the voice, 
how is it poffible to mark it at all? To this the an- 
fwer is obvious ; by making no change at all in the 

voice, but fufpending it in the fame individual note 
that would be ufed, were it to be connected inftantly 
with the following word. This ftop is what I have 
before defcribed under the name of the paufe of fuf- 
penfion ; which, though eflentially necefiary to the juft 
recitation of verfe, has never once been thouaht of; 
nor is the management of it to be acquired but by 
great attention and praftice, according to the method 
before propofed. By the ufe of this paufe, the melody 
of verfe may at all times be preferved without inter- 
fering with the fenfe. For the paufe itfelf, perfectly 
marks the bounds of the metre; and being made only 
by a fufpenfion, not change of note in the voice, the 
concatenation of the meaning is as- diftinflly per- 
ceived by every auditor, as if the words had been ut- 
tered in the clofeft connedion. 

Nor is this the only advantage gained to numbers, 
by this ftop of fufpenfion ; it alfo prevents that mo- 
notone at the end of lines, before defcribed, which, 
however plcafing to a rude, is difgufting to a delicate 
ear. For, as this ftop of fufpenfion has no peculiar 
note of its own, but always takes that which belongs 
to the preceding word, it changes continually V7ith-the 
matter, and is as various as the fenfe. 

Having faid all that is necefiary of the final, I fhall 
now examine the cefural paufe. 

The cefural paufe is that which divides the verfe 
into equal or unequal portions ; upon the right ma- 
nagement of which, the melody and harmony of verfi- 
fication in a great meafure depend. The feats of the 
cefura moft pleafing to the ear, are either at the end 
of the fecond foot, in the middle of the third, or at the 
end of the third foot ; but it may occafionally take 
place in all p^rts of the line. The cefura is by no 
means efiential to verfe, as the fhorter kinds of meafure 
are without it ; and many heroic lines, in which it is 
not to be found, are ftill good verfes. It is true it 
improves, and diverfifies the melody, by a judicious 
management in varying its fituation, and fo beconies a 
great ornament to verfe ; but ftill this is not the moft 
important office which it difcharges ; for hefide im- 
proving the melody of fingle lines, there is a nt:w 
fource of delight, opened by it rn poetic numbers, 
correfpondent, in fome fort, to harmony in raufic ; 
that takes its rife from that act of the mind, which 
compares the relative proportions, that the members 
g of 


of each verfebear toesch other, as well as to thofe in 
the adjoining lines. The cefural, like the final paufe, 
fomctimcs coincides with the fententia!, fometimes 
has an independent ftate ; that is, exii^s where there 
is no flop in the fenfe. In that cafe, it is exaaiy of 
the fame nature with the final paufe of fufpenfion 
before defcribcd, and is governed by the fame 

The feat of the final paufe points itfelf out ; but 
with regard to the cefural, whofe feat is variable, and 
may be in all the different parts of the verfe, confe- 
quently not fo eafily to be found, there requires more 
to be faid. In order to find out the feat of thecefura, 
we are to reflect, that there are fome parts of fpeech 
fo neceflarily connccled in fentences, that they will 
not admit of any disjundion, by the fmalleft paufe of 
the voice. Between fuch, therefore, the cefura can 
never fall. Its ufual feat is, in that place of the line, 
where the voice can firft reft, after a word, not fo 
neceflarily connefted with the following one. I fiiy, 
not fo neceflarily, becaufe the cefura may find place, 
where there would be no fentential flop, after a word 
which leaves any idea for the mind to reft, though it 
may have a clofe connection with what follows. For 
inllance — 

Of Eve, whofe eye " darted contagious fire. 

Now in profe, there could not properly be a comma 
after the word eye, from its clofe connection with the 
following verb ; but in verfe, remove the cefural 
paufe, and the metre is utterly deftroyed. Of the 
fame nature is another line of Milton's, relative to the 
fame perfon — 

And from about»her "{hot darts of defire — 

pronounced in that manner, with the paufe in the 
middle of the line, it ceafes to be verfe ; but by placing 
the cefura after the wot6 /hot, as thus — 

And from about her (hot "darts of defire — 

the metre is not only prefcrved, but the exprefllon 
much enforced, by the unexpedted trochee following 
the paufe, which, as it were, flioots out the darts 
with uncommon force. 

The following line of Pope's, read thus — 

Ambition firft fprung"from your blcft abodes — 


is no verfe, but hobbling profe. But let the cefura be 
placed after the wordyfr/?, as thus — 

Ambition firft " fprung from your blcft abodes— 

and the metre is reftored. 

Of the fame kind, are two lines of Waller's, which 
I have leen flopped in the following manner — 

We've loft in him arts, that not yet are found, 
The Mufes ftill love, their own native place. 

By which pointing, the metre is deftroyed. They 
fliould be thus divided : 

We've loft in him "arts that not yet are found. 
The Mufes ftill "love their own native place. 

Unlefs a reader be much upon his guard, he will be 
apt to paufe, however improperly, at thofe feats of 
the cefura, which have been fet down as producing 
the fineft melody. There would be great tempta- 
tion, on that account, in the following lines, and all 
of fimilar ftru'Rure, to place the cefura wrong; as 
thus — 

The fprites of fiery "termagants inflame — 
Back to my native" moderation Aide — 
And place on good " fecurity his gold — 
Your own refiftlefs "eloquence employ— 
Or crofs to plunder "provinces the main— 

But fuch unnatural disjun^ftion of words which necef- 
farily require an immediate union with each other, 
whatever pleafure it might give the ear, muft hurt 
the underftanding. Lines of this ftruiSlure do not 
in reality contain any perfect cefura ; whofe place 
is fupplied by two femi-paufes, or demi-cefuras j as 
thus — 

The fprites 'of fiery termagants ' inflame- 
Back ' to my native moderation ' flide— 
And place 'on good fecurity 'his gold — 
Your own 'refiftlefs eloquence 'employ— 
Or crofs ' to plunder provinces ' the main— 

In all cafes of this fort, every man's own underftand- 
ing will point out to him, what words are neceflarily 
to be kept together, and what may be feparated with- 
out prejudice to the fenfe. 

To recite verfe with propriety, it will be only nc- 
cefl'ary to obferve the few following ftiort rules : 

I. All the words fhould be pronounced exactly in 
the fame way as in profe. 

2. The 


2. The movement of the voice (hould be from ac- 
cent to accent, laying no flrefs on the intermediate 

3. There fliould be the fame obfervation of em- 
phafis, and the fame change of notes on the emphatic 
fyllables, as in profe. 

4. The paufes relative to the fenfe only, which I 
call fentential, are to be obferved in the fame manner 
as in profe; but particular attention mud be given 
to thofe two peculiar to verfe, the cefural and final, 
as before defcribed, which I call mufical paufes. 

The ufual fault of introducing fing-fong notes, or 
a fpecies of chanting into poetical numbers, is difagree- 
able to every ear, but that of tlie chanter himfelf. 
Such readers, indeed, feem generally in high raptures 
with their own mufic, for, according to the old ob- 
fervation, hand cuiquam injucunda quis cantat ipfe : 
' No man's tune is unpleafing to himfelf.' But they 
ought I0 confider, that they are doing great injuftice 
to the poet's mufic, when they fubllitute their own 



in its room. The tune of the poet can then only be 
heard, when his verfes are recited with fuch notes of 
the voice as refult from the fentiments j and a due pro- 
portion of time obferved, in the feet and paufes, the 
conflituent parts of verfe. 

Thus far I have laid open all that is nccelTary, 
to prevent the reader's falling into the ufual errors 
committed in reciting verfe, and to point out the 
means of attaining a juft and proper manner. But 
with regard to the grace and elegance of delivery, 
confifting in the nicer proportions both of time and 
tone in the feveral feet and paufes, and the exaifl ge- 
neral intonation of the voice fuited to the fenti- 
ments and paflions, it is obvious that little can be 
done, by precept alone. Nor can we ever expecV 
to have this part brought to perfection, till rhetorical 
fchools are inftituted, to teach the whole art of elo- 
cution, in the fame manner as all other arts are 
■ taught, by Precept, Exanph-, and Pra£iice, 

g 2 

C Jii J 

E N D I 


IN the preceding Grammar, the true principle 
upon which the pronunciation of polyfylhibles is 
founded, is for the firll time laid open; and will 
frive to folvc all difficulties in dubious cafe?, and 
put an end to numberlefs difputes daily held upon 
that fubjed, by the different partifans of the different 
modes of founding words. Some have recourfe td 
authority ; but at prefent, for reafons mentioned in 
the Preface, that neither is, nor ought to be of any 
force ; and when, as it often happens, one autho- balanced againft another, who fliall determine 
which (hall preponderate ? Some have recourfe to 
derivation ; but not knov/ing on what occafions that 
operates, and when it has no influence, they fall into 
continual errors; and others refer to analogy, which, 
without being well acquainted with its laws, and 
the many deviations from them, is but a very un- 
certain director. 

The only fure guide on this occafion is the ter- 
minating fyllable, which governs all others in the 
word, as the rudder does the fhip. 
To explain this by examples- 
It has been much difputed, whether the word 
ihould be pronounced con'cordance, or concor dance. 
The advocates for the former pronunciation proceed 
■iipon a latent principle of analogy, which generally 
operates in words of that termin.ition, ac may be 
fecn by having recourfe to the Grammar, p. xxx. 
where examining the termination in atice, you will 
fir.d it faid — Polyfyilables in tince in general have 
the accent on the antepenult, or laft fyllable but two. 
Examp. Arrogance, elegance, fignificance. 

Exceptions, j^, When the primitive has its ac- 
cent on the laft, the derivative has it on the penult, 
as appe'arance, affu'rance ; from appe'ar, afTu'rc : or, 

2cl/y, when it ii preceded by two confaiiniits, as abun'dance, 

Now by following the general, and not attend- 
ing to the 2d, rule of exceptioi^ncntioncd above, 
they have fallen into this error. And yet, ignorant 
as they might be of any rule, one \5i(ou]d imagine tha,t 
analogy itfelf might have fet them right in this cafe, 
as upon the fame ground they might pronourfce the 
word dis cordance, with the accent on the firfl: fyl- 
lable, as well as con cordance, which no one ever 

The fame obfervation will hold good with regard 
to the word ref raclory, or refrac'tory. 

Ac'ademy, or acad'emy, is another word whicli lias 
occafioned much difpute; you will find it adjufted by 
looking for the termination my, p. xxxiv. 

In all difputable cafes, preference has been given 
to that pronunciation which is mofl conformable to 
rule ; as certainly the lefl'ening as much as poffible 
the anomalies of any language will be a great ad- 
vantage to it, as it will render the attainment of it 
more eafy. Thus in the difpute about the pronun- 
ciation of the word wind, whether it fhould be wi'nd 
or wijid , the former has been adopted, upon this 
principle, that there is no monofyllable in the Eng- 
lifli language terminating in hid in which the vowel 
;' is not pronounced long ; as blind, rind, kind, &c. 
I have often heard Dr. Swift fay to thofe who pro- 
nounced it fhort, in a jeering tone, ' I have a great 
mfnd to ftnd why you call it wfnd.' 

Obfervations of this kind might be extended to a 
confiderable length ; but it would be an unneceffary 
trouble, as the Reader will find every tiling relative 
to that matter aJjuftcd in the Grammar. 




Rules to he obfervcd by the Natives u/ Ireland 
/;; order to attain a jufi Pronunciation of Englip. 

The chief miftakcs made by the Irifli in pro- 
nouncing Englifli, lie for the moftpart in the founds 
of the two firft vowels aand^; the former being 
generally founded a by the Irifn, as in the word 
bdr, in moit words whore it is pronounced A, as in 
day, by the Englifli. Thus the Irifli fay, patron, 
matron, the vowel a, having the fame found as in 
the word father; while the Englifli pronounce them 
as if written, paytron, maytron. The following 
rule, itriiSly attended to, will rectify this raiftake 
through the whol^angnagc. 

When the vowerafiniflies a fyliable, and has the 
accent on it, it lis invariably pronounced a [day] 
by the Englifli. To this rule there are but three 
exceptions in the whole language, to be found in the 
words father, papa, mamd. The Irifli may think 
alfo the word rather an exception, as well as father; 
and fo it would appear to be in their manner of pro- 
nouncing it, ra-ther, laying the accent on the vowel 
(I ; but in the Englifli pronunciation, the confonant 
th is taken into the firft fyliable ; as thus, rath -er, 
which makes the difference. 

Whenever a confonant follows the vowel a in the 
fame fyliable, and the accent is on the confonant, the 
vowel a has always its firft found, as hat , man ; as 
alfo the fame found lengthened when it precedes the 
letter ;-, as fa'r, ba'r, though the accent be on the vowel ; 
as likewife when it precedes ///;, as ba Im, pfa Im. The 
Irifh, ignorant of this latter exception, pronounce all 
words of that ftrufture as if they were written bawm, 
pfawm, quawm, cawm, &c. In the third found of 
<7, marked by different combinations of vowels, or 
confonants, fuch as au, in Paul ; azv, in law ; all, 
in call ; aid, in bald ; alk, in talk, &c. the Irifli make 
no miftaxe, except in that oi Im, as before mentioned. 

The fecond vowel e is, for the moft part, founded 
~ ee by the Englifh, when the accent is upon it ; 
whilft the Irifti in moft words give it the found of 
fecond a, as in hate. This found of e [ee] is marked 
by different combinations of vowels, fuch as ea, el, e 
^inal mute, ce, and le. In the two laft combinations 
«f ec and ;V, the Iriih never miftake ; fuch as meet. 

fcem, field, believe, &c. ; but in all the. others, t'icy 
almoft univerfally change the found of e, into a. 
Thus in the combination ea, they pronounce the 
words tea, fea, pleafe, as if they were fpelt tay, fr4y, 
plays; inftead of tec, fee, pleefe. The Englifli con-, 
ftantly give this found to ea, whenever the accent is 
on the vowel e, except in the following words, great, 
a pear, a bear, to bear, to forbear, to fvvcar, to tear, 
to wear. In all which the e has its fecond found. 
For want of knowing thefe exceptions, the gentle- 
men of Ireland, after fome time of refidence in Lon- 
don, arc apt to fall into the general rule, and pro- 
nounce thefe words as if fpelt greet, beer, fwecr, &c. 

El is alfo founded ^^by the Englifli, and as a by the 
Irifh ; thus the words deceit, receive, are pronounced 
by them as if written defate, refave. Ei is always 
founded ee, except when a g follows it, as in the words 
rel^n, feign, deign, Sec. as alfo in the words, rein (of 
a bridle), rein deer, vein, drcin, veil, heir, which are 
pronounced like rain, vain, drain, vail, air. 

The final mute e makes the preceding e in the 
fame fyliable, when accented, have the found of ee, 
as in the words fupreme, fmcere, replete. This 
rule is almofl univerfally broken through by the Irifh, 
who pronounce all fuch words as if written fuprame, 
finsare, replate, &c. There are but two exceptions 
to this rule in the Englifli pronunciation, which arc 
the words there, where. 

In the way of marking this found, by a double e, as 
thus, ee, as the Irifli never make any miftakes, the 
beft method for all who want to acquire the right pro- 
nunciation of thefe feveral combinations, is to fuppofe 
that ea, ei, and c attended by a final mute e, are all 
fpelt with a double e, or ee. 

Ey is always founded like a by the Englifh, when 
the accent is upon it ; as in the words prey, convey, 
pronounced pray, convay. To this there are but two 
exceptions, in the words key and ley, founded kee, lee. 
The Iiilh, in attempting to pronounce like the Eng- 
lifh, often give the fame found to ey, as ufually be- 
longs to ei; thus for prey, convey, they Cay pree, convee. 

A ftriil obfervatio.i of thefe few rules, with a due 
attention to the very f'ev/ exceptions enumerated above, 
will enable the well-educated natives of Ireland to 
pronounce their words exaflly in the fame way as the 
more polifhcd part of the inhabitants of England do, 


liv A P P E 

fo far as the vowels are concerned. The diphthongs 
they commit no fault in, except in the found of i ; 
which has been already taken notice of in the Gram- 
mar *. Where likewife the only difference in pro- 
nouncing any of the confonants has been pointed out; 
which is the thickening the founds of d and /, in cer- 
tain fituations ; and an eafy method propofed of cor- 
rcfling this habit +. 

In order to complete the whole, I {hall now give a 
lift of fuch detached words, that do not come under 
any of the above rules, as are pronounced differently 
in Ireland from what they are in England. 

IriJJj proa. 

EngUfli prcii. 



fc arful 









geth er 


be ard 











pul pit 






















Iczh ur 



clam mur 















• Vid. p. XV. where the true manner of pronouncing the 
diphthong / is pointed out ; the Irifh pronouncing it much 
in the fame manner as the French. 

f P. xviii. xix. 

N D I 


Irijh pron. 

EngUJh pron. 









ft rove 




ten ure 


te nure 


te nable 

wra th 



































endev ur 




mifchi evous 











fquod run 





Thefe, after the clofeft attention, are all the words 
not included in the rules before laid down, that I 
have been able to collect, in which the well-educated 
natives of Ireland differ from thofe of England. 

With regard to the natives of Scotland— as their 
dialeft differs more, and in a greater number of points, 
from the Englifh, than that of any others who fpeak 
that language, it will require a greater number of 
rules, and more pains to corre(St it. The moft me- 
terial difference in point of pronunciation, and which 
pervades their whole fpeech, is that of always laying 
the accent on the vowel, in words where it ought to 
be on the confonant. This has been already taken 
notice of ia the Grammar, and the method of curing 




ihat habit pointed out. In this article therefore they 
fhould chiefly exercife themfelves, till they attain a fa- 
cility in accenting the confonant?, and giving their 
true founds to the preceding vowels, according to the 
rule there laid down j for it is in this that the chief 
difference between the Scotch and Englifh pronunci- 
ation confifts. With regard to intonation Indeed, or 
what is commonly called the Scotch accent, they to- 
tally differ from the Englifli ; of which I have treated 
at large in my Ledures on the Art of Reading. But 
in this, written rules can be of little ufe, except when 
affirtcd by the living voice; and therefore the aid of 
mafters, who fhall join example to precept, is here 
required. If the fame ardour continues for obtaining 
a juft and polifhed delivery, which I found prevail 
among the young gentlemen of Scotland, when I de- 
livered my Courfe of Leflures at Edinburgh, they will 
now have it in their power to compafs the point upon 
certain grounds, chiefly by their own labour, and ap- 
plication. Nor will they long be without due aflift- 
ance, where that is requifite, upon proper encourage- 
ment; for as there could be no hopes of having fkilful 
mafters to teach this art, without firft having a proper 
method of inftruflion ; fo that method being now 
laid open, will no doubt induce numbers to apply 
themfehes to the mafl:ery of it, in order to become 
preceptors in that moft ufeful and ornamental of all arts. 

Nor are there wanting examples to ftimulate thofe 
who are in purfuit of this objeiSl-, and to enfure fuccefs 
to their endeavours. There is at this day a gentleman 
of that country, now in London, in a high office of 
the law, who did not leave Scotland till after he had 
been fome years advanced in manhood ; and yet, after 
having received inftruflion for a few months only, 
according to the method laid down in this work, his 
fpeech was not to be diftinguifhcd from that of the moft 
polifhed natives of England, both in point of pronun- 
ciation and intonation ; and he is perhsps at this 
day the beft pattern to be followed with regard to both, 
whether in the Houfe of Commons, or at the bar. 

And yet there was ftill a more extraordinary inftance 
which I met with at Edinburgh, in a Lord * of Seflion, 

* Lord AvL.MooR. 

who, though he had never * «en out of Scotland, yet 
merely by bis own pains, without rule or method, only 
converfmg much with fuch Englifnmen as happened to 
be there, and reading regularly with fome of the prin- 
cipal adors, arrived even at an accuracy of pronun- 
ciation, and had not the leaft tinflure of the Scottifli 

I fhall now fay a few words to the uihabitants of 
Wales; in order to fhew how eafily they might get 
rid of their provincial dialecV. 

The peculiarity of the Weldi pronunciation arifes 
chiefly from their conftantly fubftituting the three pure 
mutes, in the room of the three impure ; and the three 
afpirated femivowels, in the place of the three vocal. 
Thus inftead of b, they ufe p ; for g, they ufe k, or 
hard c ; and for d, they employ t. For blood, they 
fay, plut ; for God, Cot ; and for dear, tear. In like 
manner, in the ufe of the femivowels, they fubftitute 
f in the place oi v ; s in the place of z ; eth in the 
room of eth ; and ejh in that of ezh. Thus inftead of 
virtue and vice, they fay, firtue and fice ; inftead of 
zeal and praife, they fay, feal and praiffe ; inftead of 
thefe and thofe, tlTcffe and tiToffe ; inftead of azure, 
ofier, they fay, afliur, oftier. Thus there are no lefs 
than feven of our confonants which the Welfli never 
pronounce at all. Now if the difference in the man- 
ner of formation between thefe feven confonants and 
their feven correfpondent ones, were pointed out to 
them, in the way defcribed in the Grammar, they 
might in a fliort time be taught the perfeft ufe of them. 

The people of Somerfetfliire pronounce the femi- 
vowels in a way directly oppofite to that of the Welfti. 
For whereas the Welfli change the vocal into the afpi- 
rate, they of Somerfetfhire change the afpirate into the 
vocal. For father, they fay, vather ; for Somerfet- 
ftiire, Zomerzetzhire ; for tfiin, thin. So that their 
method of cure, is to take the direct oppofite courfe 
to that of the Welfti. 



How to acquire a perfed Knowledge of the Marks ufed in this Didionary, in order 
to afcertain the right Pronunciation of all Engllfli Words. 

In the firft place, they (hould be able to pronounce properly all the Words in the following 
fhort Scheme of the "\'ovvels, which, in defiult of Mafters, they may eafily learn to do, by 
hearing diem from the Mouth of any Englifhman. 

Scheme of the Fcivels. 

Firft. Second. Third, 

a hat hate hall 

e bet bear bger 

i fit fight field 

o nut note noofe 

u but bufii blue 

y love-ly lye. 

IT will then be neceftary to get the above fcheme 
by heart, fo as to be able to repeat it readily in the 
order in which the words lie, on a parallel, not per- 
pendicular line, as thus : 

Firft, hat hate hall 

Second, bet bear b^er 
Third, fit, &c. 

or till they have perfectly committed it to memory, 
to write out the fcheme, and hold it in their hand, 
when they would confult the Dldtionary for any 

As this is the mafter-key to the marks throughout, 
it will be neceflary to all, who would know them at 
light, to have the perfect ufe of it according to the 
above dire£lions. 

This point obtained, the next ftep will be to fliew 
foreigners how they may acquire the ufeoffuch founds 
in the Englifli tongue as peculiarly belong to it, whe- 
ther fimple-or compouird ; with v^hich they were not 
preacquainted, snd to which, as beinc Jiovel to 

them, they find it difficult, and in fome cafe?, for 
want of proper inftruclion, impoffible, to give ut- 
terance. For which purpofe I ftiall point out the 
difference between the French language and ours in 
that refps<£l, as that is the moft generally known and 
fpoken by foreigners. 

In the French tongue are to be found the founds 
of all our vowels ; but it is not fo with regard to the 
confonants and diphthongs. 

There are two of our confonants, which, though 
marked by tv/o letters each, are in reality fimplc 
founds ; and thefe are th and ng ; the former to be 
found in the word thcu, the latter in ring. 


The confonant th has two powers, according as 
it is formed by the voice, or the breath : the one may 
therefore be called vocal, the other afplrate. Of 
the former, there has been an example given in the 
word then;, the power of the latter will" be found in 
the word thin. To diftinguifti them from each other 
in the Diftionary, the latter, or afplrate, has a fmall 
line drawn acrofs the h, thus — tl7. As this found 
has hitherto been found to be unconquerable by 
Frenchmen, and molt foreigners, it will be necef- 
fary to (hew the caufe of the difficulty, and then, by 
removino- that, to point out the means by which 
a right pronunciation of it may be eafily attained. 

It is to be obferved then, that in the French 

tongue, all the articulations are formed \Vithin the 

B mouthj 


mouth, and the tongue is never protruded beyond 
the teeth ; canfequently, unlcfs he is fhcwn how to 
do it, the foreigner will never of himfelf place the 
organ in a pofition that it never had been in before ; 
fo that when he is urged to pronounce that new 
found, as in the word <i/?n, without having the pofi- 
tion of the organs in forming that found pointed out 
to him, he naturally utters the found that is neareft 
to it in his own tongue, and, inftead of then, fays 
den, and for tfiin, tin; changing eth to a d, and etlT 
to a /. And this he continues to do all his life, for 
want of being taught the following plain fimple me- 
thod of neccffarily producing thofe founds, if it be 
but ftriclly followed. Suppofe then you were de- 
firous of fhewing a foreigner how he fliould form the 
found eth when it begins a word or fyllable ; defire 
him to protrude the tip of his tongue between his 
teeth and a little beyond them ; in that pofition let 
him prefs it againft the upper teeth without touching 
the under ; then let him utter any voice with an in- 
tention of founding the word then, drawing back the 
tongue at the fame time behind his teeth, and the 
right found will necefTarily be produced. To pro- 
nounce the efti, or afpirated tti, the organs muft be 
cxa£tly in the fame pofition with the former; but pre- 
vious to the withdrawing of the tongue, inftead of 
voice, he mufl emit breath only, which will as ne- 
ceffarily produce the proper power of afpirated tlT, as 
in the word tlTin. 

When thefe founds end a word, or fyllable, as in 
the words breathe, breath, he muft be told, that in- 
ftantaneoufly after founding the preceding letters, he 
is tofinifti the word by applying the tip of the tongue 
to the upper teeth as before, and in founding the 
word breathe, the voice is to be continued to the end ; 
while in that of breath, the voice is cut ofF at the 
vowel, and the confonant ttT is formed by the breath 
only. In botli cafes, it will be of ufe to continue the 
tongue in the fame pofition for fome time, prolonging 
the found of the voice in the former, and of the breath 
in the latter, till the founds become diftiniSt and eafy 
by practice. This will the more fpeedily be eftedled, 
if he will for fomfe time every day repeat from a vo- 
cabulary all the words beginning with th, and form 
lifts of fuch words as terminate with it. 

As to the fimple found or confonant marked by - 
the junftion of the two letters ng, it is perhaps a 
found peculiar to the Englifh language, as in the 
words fing fang; and feems to have been taken from 
the noife made by bells, mimicked in the exprelTion 
of ding-dong bell. There is a found in the French 
nearly approaching to it, to be found in fuch words 
as dent, camp, and in all their nafal vowels ; but thefe 
are imperfe£l founds, and can fcarce be called arti- 
culate 5 and there only wants to perfed the articula- 
tion to make the French exactly the fame with the 
Englifh : the only difterence between them being, 
that in the French fimilar founds the tongue does not 
touch the roof of the mouth, as in producing the 
Englifh ing, though in other refpedts it be in a 
fimiiar pofition. If therefore a foreigner wants to 
produce this found, he has only to raife the middle of 
his tongue into a gentle contact with the roof of his 
mouth in pronouncing any of the nafal vowels, which 
completes the articulation, and in this way the French 
nafal vowel heard in the vrord dent, will be converted 
into the Englifh confonant founded in the fyllable 
dong ; and fo on of the reft. 


This letter has a very difFerent found in Englifh 
from what it has in French. In the latter it has a 
fimple found ; in the former it is the rcprefentative 
of a compound found made up of d and an afpirated 
z. This is a difEcult found to fuch foreigners as 
have it not in their feveral tongues ; and to enable 
them to pronounce it, it is only requifite to defire 
them to form the letter d with a vowel before it, as cd; 
keeping the tongue in the fame pofition that it has 
when that letter is fo formed ; then let them try to 
unite to it the French _/, which is exaiSly the fame 
found with what I have called the afpirated z or zhy 
and the compound found of edzh, or dzha, will be 
produced. But as foreigners are equally ftrangers 
to the combination of the two letters zh, and would 
therefore not know what found belonged to it, it will 
be proper to fubftitute the French j in the room of 
zh in fpclling all words containing that found, as 
thus, edje; and in order to begin a fyllable with that 



found, which is more diiScult than to conclude with 
it, let them place the tongue in the pofition of found- 
ing ed, keeping it in that pofition, and then the firft 
found uttered muft neceflarily be that of^, which 
connefted with the fubfequenty followed by a vowel, 
of courfe muft form the compound found to be found 
in the words <^«y (joy) djoke (joke). 

The found of this letter has been fometimes mark- 
ed in the Diftionary by a combination of the letters 
dzh; and fometimes by the fmgle letter^. But if a 
foreigner will confider the zh as equivalent to the 
French _/, the right pronunciation will foon become 
familiar to him. 


The found annexed to this combination of letters 
is different in the Englifh from what it is in the 
French : in the former it is a compound, in the let- 
ter a fimple found, in the fame way as that of ^' juft 
defcri^.-d. The found of the French cb is exaflly the 
fame as the Englifh Jh ; and in order to facilitate the 
pronunciation of our compound cb, it will be only 
neccfTary to follow the fame method as has been above 
propofed with regard to the letter y, with this differ- 
ence, that a / inflead of a </ is to be formed in the 
manner there defcribed, preceding the found of the 
French ch, as etch. It is true, we have fome words 
in our tongue where the ch is preceded by a t pro- 
ducing the fame individual found, as in the words 
itch, Jlitih, which the French never fail to pronounce 
properly, being guided to it by feeing the letter t 
placed before \\\tch; but to other words of exaiSly 
the fame found, though differently fpelt, by the 
omiflion of the t, as rich, uhkh, they always annex 
their own fimplefound oi ch. So that here is a plain 
fimplc rule to guide foreigners in the right pronun- 
ti.ition of the Englifh eh, which is, by always fup- 
pofing thofe combined letters preceded by a / ; thus 
in the words cheefe, charm, let them fuppofe them 
fpclt tcheefe, tcharm ; and if they find any difficulty 
at firfl^ in uniting thofe founds at the beginning of 
words, on account of the eye's not being accuflomed 
to fuch a combination of thofe letters, let them do, 
as was before direded with regard to j ; let them be- 
gin with placing the organs in the pofition of found- 
ing /, which will be done by placing a vowel before 

it, as, et ; the t being thus formed, let them keep the 
tongue in that pofition ; the fou.J of / muft necef- 
farily be the firft uttered on changing that pofition, 
and will readily coalcfcc with the following found of 

This compound found, as above defcribed, is what 
uniformly prevails in all native Englifh words; but 
there are fome few derived from the French which 
retain their primitive pronunciation ; fuch as, chagrin, 
champaign, chevalier, he. and fom.e derived from tiic 
Greek take the found of k, as chaos, chorus; but the 
number of thefe is but fmall, eafily learned by ufe, 
and the difference is properly marked in the Dic- 


This is a combination of letters not to be found 
in the French language, and therefore foreigners 
know not what found to give it, but the ufual way is 
to pronounce it like a fimple y. Thus, ior Jhall, they 
hyfal; ^or Jljame, fame, he. But to attain the right 
found, itv/ill be only neceffary to inform them that the 
Englifh y^ has uniformly the fame found as the French 
ch in the word charite, chere : thus, if they fuppofe 
the words Jiiall and Jhame, above mentioned, to be 
written, chall and chame, they will pronounce them 


Having faid all that is neceffary of the vowels and 
confonants, the next aru'cle to be confidered is that of 
the diphthongs. It is in thefe that the chief difference 
between the Englifh and French tongues confifts, 
as there are many diphthongs in the former, not to 
be found in the latter. 

Of the Diphthongs i and li. 
Thefe two have hitherto always paffed for fimple 
founds, becaufe they are for the moft part marked by 
■fingle letters as above.: their founds are marked in the 
fcheme of the vowels, by the words fight, blue ; 
and thefe are the founds given to thofe vowels in 
repeating the alphabet. But in reality they are per- 
fect diphthongs, and therefore foreigners can never 
attain their right pronunciation, till they are firft 
made acquainted with the fimplc founds whereof they 
are compofed. The diphthong ! is a compound of 
B 2 the 


the fulleft and (lendereft of our vowels a and i ; the 
firft made by the largeft, and the laft by the fmallcft 
aperture of the mouth. If we attend to the procefs 
in forming this, found, we fhall find that the mouth 
is firfl opened to the fame degree of aperture, and is 
in the fame pofition as if it were going to pronounce 
a, but before the voice can get a pafl'age through the 
lips, the under jaw is drawn near to the upper, in 
the fame pofition as when the vowel i is formed ; and 
thus the full found, checked by the flender one, and 
coalefcing with it, produces a third found different 
from both, which is the diphthong i. There is a 
found in the French fomewhat rcfembling our f, to 
be found in fuch words as vin, fin^ but tliat there is a 
difference between then), will be immediately percep- 
tible by founding after them our words wne, fine ; and 
the difference confifls in this, that their diphthong is 
formed of the fecond found of a, a and i, and ours of 
the third, a i : fo that in order to produce that found, 
you are to defire a foreigner to open his mouth as 
wide as if he were going to pronounce a, and meant 
to found that vowel ; but on the firft effort of the 
voice for that purpofe, to check its progrefs by a 
fudden motion of the under jaw towards the upper 
till the two founds coalefce, and then inflantly to 
flop all farther effufion of voice. Thus as the found 
of a is not completed, nor the found of i continued, 
there refults from the union of the two a third found 
or diphthong, which has no rcfcmblancc to either, 
and yet is a compound of both. 

The diphthong u is compounded of the found i 
and o ; the former fo rapidly uttered and falling fo 
quickly into the found o, that its own power is not 
perceived, while that of o, being a little dwelt upon, 
is diflindlly heard. There is a found in the French 
that fomewhat refembles this, to be found in the 
words dim, niieux, but the difference will be imme- 
diately perceived by founding after them our words 
{iew, mew, and it confills i.i this, that their dijih- 
tlioiig terminates in the French vowel ttc, a found 
vvhith we have not in our tongue, and is found 
therefore very hard to be formed by Englifh organs; 
and ours terminates in o, the fame as the French cu. 
To form it properly therefore, a foreigner is to be 
told thai it is compoftd of the founds \ u, the firft not 

completed, but rapidly running into the laft, which 
he is to confider as the fame found with the French 
on; our pronoun you is an exadt reprefentation to a 
French eye of our diphthong u. 

Of the Diphthong oi or oy. 
This diphthong, which is fometimes fpelt with an 
/ and fometimes with a y, is formed by a union of 
the fame vowels as that off, that is a i ; with this 
difference, that the firft vowel a being dwelt upon, is 
diftinclly heard before its found is changed by its 
juniSion with the latter vowel i, as in the words 

3 1' J I ! 

noife (raise) isjj (baise). 

To form this diphthong, it is ncceflary to pro- 
nounce the full found of a, dwelling a little upon it 
before the fuund is intercepted by the motion of the 
under jaw, to the pofition of forming the flender 
found I, and then the voice is inftantly to ceafc. 
This diphthong differs from that of i only in this, 
that the firft vowel a is diftiniSlly heard before it 
unites with the latter vov/e] i. 

Of the Diphthong cu, or oiv. 

This diphthong, though differently marked, like 
the foregoing one, fometimes by ««, and fometimes 
by cui, has always the fame found, and is compofed 
of the vov^-.-ls a and o; the organs being at firft 
in the pofition of foimding a, but before that found 
is perfected, by a motion of the under jaw and lips 
to the pofition of fou;.Jing o, the firft found 'a is 
checked and blended with the latter o, from which 
refults the diphthong cu or oiu, as in thou, mx-y 
(thaou naow). 

All the- other diphthongs of our tongue are formed 
by the fhort founds of 6 and i, marked by the cha- 
raiSers w.- and y, preceding other vowels, and com- 
bining with them in the fame fyllab'c ; as thus : 

w or fliort o. y or fhort i. 

waft wage w.ill yard yare yawl 

wed weed yet yea ye 

wit wife wield yon yoke youth 

wot v.'oe woo young. 

word woiild. 



To inftru£l foreigners in the true pronunciation of 
thefe, it will be only necefiary to inform them that 
our If anfwcrs exaiSlly in found and power to the 
French ou, when it forms a diphthong. As for in- 
ftance, our pronoun we is individually the fame found 
as their affirmative oui : and the miftake which they 
conftantly commit of founding that letter like a w is 
owing to their not being informed of the true nature 
of that letter, and taking up their idea of it from 
the printed charadter wherein two interwoven vees 
(w) are exhibited to view; but if in all diphthongs 
commencing with that letter, they will place their 
lips in the pofition of forming the French ou, they 
cannot fail of producing the proper found. In like 
manner all diphthongs formed by y, are to be confi- 
dered as commencing with the found given to that 
charafter in the French, which is the fame with their 
vows! /. 

All who will make themfelves mafters of the few 
directions and rules given above, together with the 
following explanation of the marks, will be enabled 
to produce at fight the riwht pronunciation of every 
word which they fliall look for in the Dictionary. 


Of the Method ufed in the following DlUlonary., to point 
out the Pronunciation of the fVords. 

THE firft neceffary J}ep, is, that every reader 
fhould commit to memory the following fcheme of 
the vowels j or, as was before recommended, each 
reader fhould ropy the fcheme, and hold it in his 
hand when he confults the Dictionary, till he has it 
pcifcctly fixed in his memory. 



the Vowels. 





















According to this fcheme aje the founds of the 
vova-Is marked throughout the DictionarV. One 

column exhibits the words as they are fpelt, the 
other as they are pronounced. As thus— 
Hat hat Hate hate Hall hall 
Bet bet Bear bear Beer beerj&c. 
Whenever one vowel ufiirps the power of anothfer, 
the firft column will fliew the vowel that is writ, and 
the other, the one that is founded. As thus— 
Stir ffur Birth berth Love luv 
Bufy bizzy Blood bliid Bird bird. 

All improper diphthongs, or, as I have called them, 
digraphs, I mean where two vowels are joined in 
writing, to reprefcnt any of the fimple founds to be 
found in the fcheme, are changed in the fecond co- 
lumn into the finglc vowels which they lland for^ as 
thus — 

Bear bere Head hed Fourth forth Groan grone 
Hear here Heart hart Door dore F'eld feld. 

The final mute c is always continued, and fome- 
times inferted where it is not in prefent ufe, both 
becaufe it is fo generally employed in our tongue as a 
guide to pronunciation, that the omifllon of it might' 
puzzle pej^fons, at firft fight, in the pronunciation of 
many words where they were accuftomed to fee it ; and 
becaufe the continuance of it cannot be attended with 
any bad confequence, as it muft be evident to every 
one, that it is never to be pronounced, having no marlc 
over it. Thus were fome of the above words, as— 

Bear ber Here her Door dor 
to be marked in that manner, the firft founds that 
would occur to the Reader, till he v/as mafter of the 
marks, would be the firft founds of thofe vowels, as 
— ber, hur, dor. 

Thus far, with relation to the vowels. With re- 
gard to the confonants, their irregularities aremani- 
fcfted, and their true founds pointed out, in the 
following manner : 

C has three founds^ 

G has two — 

Its own proper one, as in 
Another, compound, as in gentle 









This found is ufually marked by the charader j, 
S has four.^ 

Its own, as in 




That of 










T has alfo four — 

Its own, as in 











queftion queftfhun. 

X has two founds- 



example egzample 




Th has two founds 

One vocal 




One afpirate 




All confonants not pronounced are omitted in the 
fecond column, as— 

The fecond, or afpirate found, is marked by a ftroke 

acrofs the IT as above. 
Ch has three founds — 










Gh has two founds. 


That of fimplc 




T]iat of 






daughter datur 
debt det 

fign sine 

balm ba'm 
hymn him 

gn gnat rat 

gm flegm flcm 

kn knife nife 

mb lamb lam' 

wr wrong rong. 

The accent is placed throughout over the letter on 
which it is laid in pronunciation ; over the vowel, 
when the ftrefs of the voice is on the vowel j over the 
coiifonant when it is on that. As thus — 

Accent over the Confonant. Accent ever the Vovael. 
ftur' be're 

Juv'' he're 

biz zy gro ne 

laf^tur s6''fhal. 

The fyllables of the words are divided according to 
the mode of pronouncing them ; that is, all letters 
which are united in utterance in the fame fyllablc, 
are here kept together alfo in writing, and feparated 
from the reft ; which certainly is the natural divifion, 
though it be contrary to the fantaftic mode followed 
in our fpelling-books and grammars. 






A The firft letter of the alpha- 
bet. A, an article fet be- 
9 fore nouns of the fingular 
number; a man, a tree. Before a 
word beginning with a vo.vel, it is 
written an, as, an ox ; A is feme- 
times a noun, as, great A ; A is 
placed before a participle, or par- 
ticipial noun ; a hunting, a beg- 
ging ; A has a fignification deroting 
proportion, the landlord hath a hun- 
dred a year. 

ABACUS, ab'-akiis. f. A counting 
table; the uppermoil member of a 

ABACTOR, a-bak'-tor. f. One 
who drives away herds of cattle by 
Health or violence. 

ABAISANCK, a-ba'-sanfe. f. A 
bowing of the body by way of re- 
verence or refpedl ; obfolete. Obey- 
fance nowufed in its Head. 

ABAFT, a-baf't. ad. From the fore- 
part of the (hiD, towards the ftern. 

To ABALIENATE, ib-a'-lye-nate. 
V. a. To make over one's own 
property to another. 

AB.ALIliNATION, ab-a-lye-na- 
fiiilin. f. Ihe aiS of transferring 
one man's property to another. 

To ABANDON, a-ban'-dun. v. a. 
To give up, refign, or quit ; to 
defert j to forfake. 


ABANDONED, a-ban'-dund. part. 
Given up ; forfnken ; corrupted in 
the highefl degree. 

ABANDONMENT, A-bin'-dun- 
ijidnt. f. The aifl of abandoning. 

ABARTICULATION, .^bar-tik'-u- 
la"fliun. f. That fpecies of articu- 
lation that has manifeft motion. 

To ABASE, .i-bd fe. v. a. To cad 
down, to deprefs, to bring low. 

ABASEMENT, a-ba'fe-ment. f. The 
ftate of being brought low ; depref- 

To ABASH, abifh'. v.a. To make 

To ABATE, a-ba'te. v. a. To lef- 
fen, to diminiHi. 

To ABATE, u-ba'te. v. n. To grow 

ABATEMENT, S-bi'te-roent. f. 
The aft of abating; the fum or 
quantity taken away by the aft of 

ABATER, i-ba'-tur. f. The agent 
or caufe by which an abatement is 

ABB, ab'. f. The yarn on a wea- 
ver's warp. 

ABBACY, ab'-bi-fy. f. The rights, 
pofleffions, or privileges of an ab- 

ABBESS, Jb'bcfs. f. The fuperior 
of a nunnery. 


ABBEY, or ABBY, Ab'-b^-. f- A 
monaftery of religious perfonsj whe- 
ther men or women. 

ABBOT, .ib'-but. f. The chief of a 
convent of men. 

To ABBREVIATE, 5b-brl'-vy5te. 
V. a. To (horten, to cut ftiort. 

ABBREVIATION, ab-brdv-yi'-lhun. 
f. The aft of fhortering. 

ABBREVIATOR, ab-brcv-ya-tur. f. 
One who abridges. 

ABBREVIATURE, ab-br^'-vya-ture. 
f. A mark ufed ior the fake of 

To ABDICATE, .^b'-dy-kate. v. a. 
To give up right, to refign. 

ABDICATION, ab-dy-ka'-fliun. f. 
The aft of abdicating, resignation. 

ABDICATIVE, .ab-dik- ki-tiv. a. 
That which caufes or implies an ab- 

ABDOMEN, ab-do'-m^n. f. A ca- 
vity commonly called the lower 
venter or belly. 

ABDOMIMAL, .ib-dom'-ml-nil. ) 

ABDOMINOUS, ab-d6m'-mi-nus. J 
a. Relating to the abdomen. 

To ABDUCc, ib-du'fe. v. a. To 
draw to a different part, to with- 
draw one part from another. 

ABDUCENT, ab-du'-lent. a. Muf- 
cles abducent ferve to open or pull 
back divers parts of the body. 





AEDLXTION, ib-dik'-fhin. f. 
The adl of drawing apart, or with- 
drav\ing one pnrt from another. 

ABDUCIOR, ab-di'ik'-tor. f. The 
mufcles, which draw back the feve- 
ral members. 

ABECEDARIAN, S-bd-fi-di'-ry^n. 
f. A pcifon or book that teaches 
the alphabet. 

AliED, a-bcd', ad. In bed. 

ABERRANCE, ib-cr'-ranfe. f. A 
deviation from the right way, an 

ABERRANCY, ib-il-r'-ran-fj'-. The 
fame with Aberrance. 

ABERRANT, ab-cr'-iant. a. Wan- 
dering from the right or kpown 

ABERRATION, ab'-cr-ra'-fhun. f. 
The aft of deviating iro.-n the com- 
mon track. 

ABERRlNG,ab-er-ring. part. Go- 
inj aftray. 

To .i'BERUNCATE, ab-c-run'-kite, 
V. a. To pull up by the roots. 

To ABET, a-bei'. v. a. To pufh 
forward another, to fupport him in 
his defigns by connivance, encou- 
ragement, or help. 

ABE^TMENT, i-bet'-ment. f. The 
adl of abetting. 

ABETTER, or ABETTOR, a-b^t'- 
tur. f. He that abets ; the fup- 
porter or cnccurager of another. 

ABEYANCE, a-bc-yanfe. f. The 
right cf fee fimple lieth in abey- 
ance, when it is all only in the re- 
membrance, intendment, and con- 
fideration of the law. 

ABGREGATION, Ibgrc-g.V-n-.un. 
f. The aft of feparating from 
the flock. 

To ADUOR, ab-h.V. v. a. To hate 
with acrimony ; to loath. 

ABHORRENCE, ab-hnr'-rcnfe. 7 

ABHORRENCY, ab-hir' ren-fy. J 
f. The aft of abhorring, detellation. 

ABHORRENT, ab-hor'-rcnt. a. 
Struck with abhorrence; contrary 
to, fo'cipn, inconfiftent witlt. 

ABHORJIER. db-hor'-rur. f. A 
hater, detcfter. 

To ADiDK, a-bi'Je. v. n. To dwell 
in a place, not to remove ; to bear 
or fupport the confequcnces of a 
thing ; it is ufed with the particle 
with before a perfon, and at or in 
before a place. 

ABIDER, i^i'-dur. f. The perfon 
that abides or dwells in a place. 

ABIDING, i-bi'-dlng. f. Continu- 

ABJECT, ib'-j^-kt. a. Mean or 
worthlcfs ; contemptible, or of no 

ABJECT, ib'-jekt. f. A man with- 
out hope. 

To ABJECT, ib-jek't. v. a. To 
th.row awav. 

A BJEC TEDNESS, Xb-jik'-tid-nefs. 
f. The (late of an abjeft. 

ABJECTION, ab-jek'-Mn.f. Mean- 
nefsofmind; fervilitv ; bafenefs. 

ABJECTLY, ab'-jckt-l>. ad. In an 
abj'ft manner, meanly. 

ABJECTNESS, ab'-jekt-nefs. f. Ser- 
vili;v, mcannef«. 

ABILITY, Aibil'-li-i^. f. The power 
to do any thing ; capacity, qualifi- 
cation ; when it hds the plural num- 
ber, abilities, it frequently fignifies 
the faculties or pov.'ers of the mind. 

To ABJUGATE, ab'-ju-gate. v. a. 
To unyoke, to uncouple. 

To ABJURE, abjore. v. a. To 
f.vear not to do fomething ; to re- 
tract, to recant a pofition upon 

ABJURATIONf, ab-jo-ra'-lhun. f. 
Theaft of abjuring ; the oath taken 
for that end. 

To ABLACTATE, ablak'-tate. v. 
a. To wean from the breaft. 

ABLACTATION, ib-lak-ti'-diun. 
f. One of the methods of grafting. 

ABLAQTJEATION, ab la-kwe-A'- 
fliuii. i. The praftice of opening 
the ground about the roots of 

ABLATION, ab-la'-Ihun. f. The 
aft of taking away. 

ABLATIVE, ab'-li-tiV. a. TIjat, 
which takes away; the fixth cafe 
of the Latin nouns. 

ABLE, ;i'b!e. a. Haing ftrong fa- 
culties, or great ftrength or knov/- 
Icdge, riches, or any other power 
of mind, body, or fortune; having 
power fufticient. 

ABLE-BODIED, able-b6d'-d>'>d, a. 
Stronq; of body. 

To ABLEGATE, /ib'-le-gate. v. a. 
To fend abroad upon feme cmploy- 

ABLEGATION, ab-!c-ga-(hiin. f. 
A fending abroad. 

ABLENF.SS, able-refs. f. Ability 
of body, vi;;our, force. 

AELEPSY, a'-blep-fv. f. V.'ant of 

ABLUENT, Jb'-lii-^-nt.' a. That 
which has the power of cleaning. 

ABLUTION, 'ib-lu-lhiin. f. The 
aft of rlcanfing. 

To ABNEGATE, ab'-!:i-gHte. v. a. 
, To deny. 

ABNEGA7T0N, ib-nJ-ga'-Jhun. f.' 
Denia', renunciation. 

ABOARD, a-!)urd. ad. In a (liip. 

ABODE, i-bi'de. f. Habitation, 

dwelling, plac* of refidence ; (lay, 

continuation in a place. 
ABODEMENT, a-bode-mcnt. f. 

A fecret anticipation of fomething 

To ABOLISH, a-boi'-lilli. v. a. To 

annul ; to put an end to; to de- 

ABOLI5HABLE, i-b6l'.H(hible. a. 

That which. mav be aboli(hed. 
ABOLlSHER,A-bil'-iiih-flu'ir. f. He 

that abolifhfs. 
ABOLISHMENT, a bil'-liai-mcnt. 

f. The aft of abolidiing. 
ABOLITION, a-bO-lini'-ftun. f. 

The aft of abolifliing. 
ABOMlNAiiLE, a-bom'-my-nable. 

a. Hateful, deteftable. 

n.^Me-iicfs. f. The quality of be- 
ing abominable ; hatcfulncfs, odi- 

ABOMINABLY, a-b6m'-m^-nab-l^. 

ad. Moll hatefully, odioufly. 
To ABOMINATE, a-bom'-my-nate. 

V. a. To abhor, detell, hate ut- 
ABOMINATION, a-bom-my-na- 

(hiin. f. H<ured, deteftation. 
ABORIGINES, ib-o-ridzh'-y-Mcz. f. 

The earliell inhabitants of a coun- 
ABORTION, ab-or'-fliun. f. The 

aft of bringing forth untimely; the 

produce of an untimely birth. 
ABORTIVE, ab-ur'-iiv. f. That 

.uhich is born before the due time. 
'ABORTIVE, ab V-ilv. a. Brough: 

forth before the due time of birth ; 

that which brings forth nothing. 
ABORTIVELY, ib-<V-iiv-lj'. ad. 

Born without the due time j imma- 

ture'y, untimely. 
ABURTIVENESS. ab-6r'.tiy-nef«. 

f. The Rate of abortion. 
ABORTMENT. ab-irt'-mcnt. f. 

The thing brought forth out of 

time; an untimely birth. 
ABOVE, a-buv'. prep. Higher in 

place; higher in rank, power, or 

excellence; bi.;- nd, more ilian ; 

too proud.i^or, too high for. 
ABOVE, a-bu.'. ad. Over-head ; 

in the regions of hoaven. 
ABOVE ALL, 'i-biiv-all. In the 

firil place ; chiefly. 
ABOVE-BOARD. i-buv'-b5rd. In 

open fight ; without artifice or 

.'iBO VE- CITED, a-buv'-d'-tcJ. Cit- 

ed before. 
ABO'.- E-G ROUND, a-biiv'-ground. 

An exprcfiion ufird to figuity, that 

a man is alive ; not in the 






j*50VE - MENTIONED, i-biW- 
men-fhiind. S«e ABOVE-CITED. 

To ABOUND, a-bou'nd. v. n. To 
have in great plenty ; to be in great 

ABOUT, a-bou't. prep. Round, 
furrounding, encircling; near to ; 
concerning, with regard to, relating 
to ; engaged in, employed upon ; 
appendant to the perfon, as cloaths, 
i^'c. ; relating to the perfon, as a 

ABOUT, abou't. ad. Circularly; 
in circuit ; nearly ; the longeft way, 
in oppofitiun to the fliort llraight 
way ; to bring about, to bring to 
the point or rtate defined, as, he 
has brought about his purpofes ; to 
come about, to come to feme cer- 
tain ilate or point ; to g<J about a 
thing, to prepare to do it. 

ABRACADABRA, ab-ra-ka-da'-bra. 
A fuperflitious charm againft 

To ABRADE, ab-ra'Je. v. a. To 
rubofF, to wear away from the other 

ABRASION, ab-r'i'-zhun, f. The 
aft of rubbing, a rubbing off. 

ABREAST, a-breil'. ad. Side by 

To ABRIDGE, a-brfdj'e. v. a. To 
make ftorter in words, keeping ftill 
the fame fubftance ; to contraft, to 
diminiih, to cut fhort ; to deprive 

iiBRIDGED OF, 4-brId'-j^d. p. 
Deprived of, debarred from. 

An ABRIDGER, a-brld'-jur. f. He 
that abridges, afliortener; a writer 
of compendiums or abridgments. 

.ABRIDGMENT, a-brldj'e-ment. f. 
The contraftion of a larger work 
intoafmall compafs ; a diminution 
in general. 

ABROACH, a-brotni. ad. In n 
pofture to run out ; in a ilate of be- 
ing difFufed or propagated. 

ABROAD, a-bra'd. ad. Out of the 
houfe; in another country; with- 
out, not within. 

To ABROGATE, ab'-r5-gate. v. a. 
To make away from a law in force, 
to repeal, to annul. 

ABROGATION, ^b-r6-gi'-fhin. f 
The aft of abrogating, the repeal 
of a law. 

ABRUPT, ab-rup't. a. Broken, 
<^i'^ggy; fudden, without the cuf- 
tomary or proper preparatives. 

ABRUPTION, ab-r.'ip'-Ihun. f. Vio- 
lent and fudden feparation. 

ABRUPTLY, ab-n'ip't-ly. ad. Haf- 
tily, without the due forms of pre- 

ABRUPTNESS, ib-rip't-n^fs. f. An 
abrupt manner, halle, fuddennefs. 

ABSCESS, ab'-(cfs. f. A morbid 
cavity in the bodv. 

To ABSCIND, ab'-sind'. v. a. To 
cut off. 

ABSCISSION, ab-si,'-fliun. f. The 
adl of cutting off; the ilate of being 
cut off. 

To ABSCOND, ab-fkond'. v. a. To 
hide one's felf. 

ABSCONDER, ab-ik6n'-dur. f. The 
perfon that abfconds. 

ABSENCE, ab'-fenfe. f. The ftate 
of being abfent, oppofed to pre- 
fence ; inattention, hcedleffnefs, 
nt-gleft of the prefent objcft. 

ABSENT, ab'-fent. a. Not prefent; 
abfent in mind, inattentive. 

To ABSENT, ab-fent'. v. a. To 
withdraw, to forbear to come into 

ABSENTEE, ab-fen-te'. f. A word 
ufed commonly with regard to 
Irirtimen living out of their coun- 

ABSINTHIATED, ib-sln'-thyi-tid. 
p. Impregnated with wormwood. 

To ABSISl', ab-silV. V. n. To Hand 
off, to leave off. 

To ABSOLVE, ab-zolv'. v. a. To 
clear, to acquit of a crime in a ju- 
dicial fenfe ; to fet free from an 
engagement or promife ; to pro- 
nounce a fin remitted, in the eccle- 
fiaflical fenfe. 

ABSOLUTE, ab'-s6-lute. a. Com- 
plete, applied as well to perfons as 
things ; unconditional, as, an ab- 
folute promife; not relative, as, 
abfolute fpace; not limited, as, ab- 
folute power. 

ABSOLUTELY, ab'-s6-liite-l>'-. ad. 
Completely, without reftridlion ; 
without condition ; peremptorily, 

ABSOLUTENESS, ab'-so-lute-nefs. 
f. Completenefs ; freedom from 
dependance, or limits ; defpot- 

ABSOLUTION, ab-s6-lu'-fhan. f. 
Acquittal ; the remiffion of fins, or 
of penance. 

ABSOLU rORY, ib-fol'-lu-tur-^-. a. 
That which abfoives 

ABSONANT, ab'-s6-nant. a. Con- 
trary to reafon. 

ABSONOUS, ib'-so-niis. a. Abfurd, 
contrary to reafon. 

To ABSU^RB, ab-sa'rb. v. a. To 
fwallow up ; to furk up. 

ABSORBENT, ab-sa'r-bcnt. f. A 
medicine that fucks up humours. 

ABSORPT, ab-;i'rpt. p. Swallow- 
ed up. 

ABSORPTION, Ab-sA'rp-Mn. f. 
The acl of fwaliowing up. 

To ABSTAIN, ab-ffa'n. v. n. To 
forlfear, to deny one's felf any gra- 

ABb'i'EMIOUS, ab-fie'-myis. a. 
Temperate, fobcr, abllinent. 

ABSfEMIOUSLY, ab-ile'-myuf-ly-. 
ad. Temperately, foberly, with- 
out Indulgence. 

ABSTEMIOUSNESS, ab-fte'-myirf- 
nefs. f. The quality of being ab- 

ABSTENTION, ab-ft6u'-niun. f. 
The ail of holding off. 

To ABSTERGE, ab-ft6r'je. v. a. To 
cleanfe bv v.'ioing. 

ABSTERGENT, ib-ller'-jcnt. a. 
Cleanfing; having a cleanfing qua- 

To ABSTERSE, ab-fterTc. v a. To 
cleanfe, to purifv. 

ABST£RTION, ' Jb-fler'-Hiin. f. 
The aft of cleanfing, 

ABS rERSIVE, ab-ifer'-siv. a. That 
has the quality of abfterging or 

ABSTINENCE, abT-ty-nenfe. f. 
Forbearance of any thing ; fading, 
or forbearance of neceffary food. 

ABSTINENT, ab'f-iy-nent. a. That 
ufes abftinence. 

To ABSTRACT, ab-ftrak't. v. a. 
To take one thing from another ; 
to feparate ideas ; to reduce to an 

ABSTRACT, ab'f-trakt. a. Sepa- 
rated from fomething elfe, gene- 
rally ufed with relation to mental 

ABSTRACT, J^f-trikt. f, A fmaller 
quantity, containing the virtue or 
power of a greater ; an epitome 
made by taking out the principal 

ABSTRACTED, Jb-ftrik'-t^d. p. a. 
Separated ; refined, abftrufe ; ab- 
fent of mind. 

ABSTRACTEDLY, ab-llrik'-t^d-lf. 
ad. With abftraftion, fimply, fe- 
parate from all contingent circum- 

ABSTRACTION, ib-flrdk'-ihin. f. 
The aft of abllrafting ; the ftate of 
being abllrafted. 

ABSTRACTIVE, ab-(lrak'-tlv. a. 
Having the power or quality of ab- 

ABSTRACTLY, 4b-llrdk't-ly. ad. 
In an abftraft manner. 

ABSTRUSE, ab-llro fe. a. Hidden ; 

difficult, remote from conception 

or apprehenfion. 

ABSTRUSELY,4b-ftr6Te-l^ad. Ob- 

fcurely, not plainly, or obvioufly. 





ABSTRUSENESS, ib-fli6'fe-nefs {. 

Difficulty, obfcurity. 
ABSTRUSITY, ab-lbo -fy-t^. f. Ab- 

ftrufenefs ; that which is abllrufe. 
To ABSUME, abju'me. v a. To 
brinsj to an end by a gradual wafte. 
AESIRD, ab-sOrd'. a. Inconfiftent; 

contrary to reafon. 
ABSURDITY, ib-;Hr'-dy-t)V. f. The 
quality of being abfurd ; that which 
is abfurd. 
ABSURDLY, ab-fiird'-ly. ad. Im- 
properly, unreafonably. 
ABSURDNESS, ab-Mjrd'-reff. _ f. 
The quality of being abfurd ; in- 
judicioufnefs, impropriety. 
ABUNDANCE, a-bun'-danfe. f. 
Plenty ; great numbers ; a great 
quantity ; exuberance, more than 
ABUNDANT, i-bin'-dant. a. Plen- 
tiful ; exuberant; fully flored. 
ABUNDANTLY, a-bin'-dant-ly-. 
ad. In plenty ; amply, liberally, 
more than fufficiently. 
To ABUSE, a-bu'ze. v. a. To make 
an ill ufe of; to deceive, to impof; 
upon ; to treat with rudenefs. 
ABUSE, a-bufe. f. The ill ufe of 
any thing ; a corrupt praftice, bad 
curtom ; feduceinent ; unjull cen- 
fure, rude reproach. 
ABUSER, a-bu-zur. f. He that 
makes an ill ufe ; he that deceives; 
he that reproaches with rudenefs. 
ABUSIVE, a-biV-siv. a. Praftifing 
abufe ; containing abufe ; deceitful. 
ABUSIVELY, a-bu'-slv-ly-. ad. Im- 
properly, by a wrong ufe ; re- 
ABUSIVENESS, J-biV-;!v-nefs. f. 
The quality of being abuiive ; foul 
To ABUT, .n-bui'. V. n. obfolete. 
To end at, to border upon ; to meet, 
or approach to. 
ABUIMENT, a-but'-ment. f. That 
which abuts, or borders upon ano- 
ABYSM, a-bcm. f. The fame as 

ABYsS, a-blfs'. f. A depth without 

bottom ; a great depth, a gulph. 
ACACJ.^, a-ka'-(ha. f. A drug ; a 

tree commonly fo called here. 
ACADEMIAL, ik-ka-de'-myal. a. 

Relating to an academy 
ACADEMIAN, ak-ka-de'-myin. f. 
A fcholar of an academy or univcr- 
ACADEMICAL, ak-k4-dcm'-m>'- 
kal. a. Belonging to a univcr- 
ACADEMICK, Jk-ki-dcm'-mik. f. 
A fludent of a univcrfity. 

ACADEMICK, Jk-ki-ddm'-niik. a. 

Relating to a univerfity. 
ACADEMICIAN, ak-ka-dc--mi(h'- 
an. f. The member of an aca- 
ACADEMIST, i-kid'-d^-mlft. f. 

The member of an academy. 
ACADEMY, 'v-kad'-de-my. f. An 
affenibly or fociety of men, uniting 
for the promotion of fome art; the 
place where fcienccs are taught; a 
place of education, in coiitradif- 
tindion to the univerfities or pub- 
lick khools. 
ACANTHUS, a-kan'-lhus. f. The 

herb bears-foot. 
AC ATALECTICK, a-kat-a-lek'-tik. 
f. A'veife which has the complete 
number of fvllablcs. 
To accede', ak-ic'de. v. n. To 

be added to, to come to. 
To accelerate, .nk-sel'-le-rate. 
V. a. To make quick, to hallen, 
to quicken motion. 
acceleration, ak-sel-le-ra'- 
ftiun. f. The a(i of quickening 
motion ; the ftate of the body acce- 
To ACCEND, ak-send'. v. a. To 

kindle, to fet on fire. 
ACCENSION, ak-sen'-fhun. f. The 
aft of kindling, or the ftate of being 
ACCENT, ak'-sent. f. The man- 
neroffpeaking or pronouncing; the 
marks made upon fyllables to regu- 
late their pronunciation ; a modifi- 
cation of the voice, expreffive of the 
padions or fentiments. 
To ACCENT, .^k-;ent'. v. a. To 
pronounce, to fpeak words with 
particular regard to the grammati- 
cal marks or rules ; to write or 
note the accents. 
To ACCENTUATE, ik-scn'-tu-arc, 
V. a. To place the accents pro- 
ACCENTUATION, ik-i^n-tfi ;V- 
fhun. f The aft of placing the 
accent in pronunciation, or writing. 
To .ACCEPT, ak-sepi'. v. a. To 
take with pleafure, to receive 
ACCEPTABILITY, ak-;cp^ta-bli'- 
H-ty. f. The quality of being ac- 
ACCEPTABLE, :'k'-sep-i.abl. a. 

Grateful ; pleafiri^. 
ACCKPTABLENESS, ili'-s<5p-tabl- 
ncfs. f. 'The quality of being ac- 
ACCEPTABLY, .\k'-scp-ti-bl^. ad 

In an acceptable manner. 
ACCEPTANCE, ik-scp'-tinfe. f. 
Reception with approbaiion. 
I 5 

ACCEPTATION, ik-slp-ti'-fhSn C 
Reception, whether good or bad ; 
the meaning of a word. 
ACCEPTER, ak-sep'-!IJr. f. The 

perlon that accepts. 
ACCEP'TION, ak-scp'-ihiin. f. The 
received fenfe of a word ; the mean- 
ACCESS, ak'-sefs. f. The wny by 
which any thing may be approach- 
ed ; the means, or liberty, of ap- 
proaching either to things or men ; 
increafe, enlargement, addition ;. 
the returns or fits of a dillcmper. 
ACCESSARINESS, ak"-sc-far'-r>^- 
nefs. f. The Hate of being accef- 
ACCESSARY, ak'-sef-sar-ry. f. He 
that not being the chief agent in a 
crime, contributes to it. 
ACCESSARY, ak'-sef-sar-ry-. a. 
Joined to, additional, helping for- 
ACCESSIBLE, ak-ses'-sibl. a. That. 

which may be approached. 
ACCESSION, ak-s^.'-fln'm. f. In- 
creafe by fomething added ; the aft. 
of coming to, or joining one's felf 
to, as, acceHion to a confederacy ; 
the aft of arriving at, as, the king's 
acceffion to the throne. 
ACCESSORILY, ik"-sef-fur'-ry-l^,. 
ad. In the manner of an acceflbry. 
ACCESSORY, ak'-sef-fur-r)''. a. 
Joined to another thing, fo as to 
increafe it; additional. 
ACCIDENCE, ak'-ry-di5nfe. f. The 
little book containing the firll rudi- 
ments of grammar, and explaining 
the properties of the eight parts of 
ACCIDENT, dk'-f^d^nt. f. The 
property or quality of any being, 
which may be feparated from it, at 
leall in thought ; in grammar, the 
property of a word ; that which 
happens unforefeen ; cafualty,. 
.ACCIDENTAL, ik-f)!--dcii'-tal. f. 

A prop?rty nonert"enti:!l. 
.VCCIDEN'TAL, ak-fy-den'-tal. a. 
Having the quality of an accident,, 
noncfiential ; cafual, fortuitous, 
happening bv chance, 
ACCIDEN IW'LLY, ik-fy-dtV-tal- 

!v. ad. Cafu^llv, fortuitoufly. 
tal-nefs. f. The quality of being 
ACCIPiENT, i'lk-ft'-pycnt. f. A 

To ACCTTE, ak-si'te. v. a. To call ; 

to funimons. 
ACCLAIM, ak-kl.Vm. f. A flicuc 
of praifc ; acclamaiion. 





ACCLAMATION, ak-kli-nii'-llmn. 
f. Shouts of appiaufe. 

ACCLlVirV, ak-kliv'-vl ty. f. The 
lleepniers or flope of a line inclining 
to the horizon, reckoned upwards, 
as, the afcent of a hill is the accli- 
vity, the defcent is the declivity. 

ACCLIVOUS, ik-kli'-vus. a. Rif- 
ing with a flope. 

ToACCLOY, ak-kloy'. v. a. To 
£11 up, in an ill fcnfe; to hll to 

To ACCOIL, ak-koi'l. v. n. To 
croud, to keep a coil about, to 
buttle, to be in a hurrv. 

ACCOLEXT, ak'-kO-iint. f. A 

ACCOMMODABLE, ak-kom'-iro- 
dabh a. That which may be fit- 

To ACCOMMODATE, ak-kom'- 
mo-date. v. a. To fupply wi;h 
conveniencies of any kind. 

ACCOMMODATE, ak-kom'-mo- 
dl;e. a. Suitable, fit. 

mo-date-lv. ad. Suitably, fitlv. 

ViCCOMMODATION, ak-kom-mo- 
da'-(hun. f. Provifion of conve- 
niencies ; in the plural, conveni- 
encies, thicgs requifite to eafe or 
refrefhment; compofition of a dif- 
ference, reconciliation, adjuftment. 

ACCOMPANABLE, ak-kum'-pa- 
nabl. a. Sociable. 

ACCOMPANIER, ak-kum'-pa-ny - 
iir. f. The perfon that makes part 
of the company ; companion. 

To ACCOMPANY, ik-kum'-p.i-ny. 
V. a. To be with another as a 
companion; to join with. 
■ACCOMPLICE, ak-kom'-plis f. An 
afl'ociate, a partaker, ufually in an 
ill fenfe ; a partner, or co-opera- 
To ACCOMPLISH, ak-k6m'-pHih. 
V. a. To complete, to execute 
fully, as, to accomplifli a defign ; 
to fulfil, as a prophecy ; to adorn, 
or furnilh, either mind or body. 

ACCOMPLISHED, ak-kom'-plllh- 
ed. p. a. Complete in feme qua- 
lification; elegant, finifhed in re- 
fpeft of embellilliments. 

ACCOVIPLISHER, ak-kom'-plilh- 
ur. f. The perfon that accom- 

pliih-ment. f. Completion, full 
performance, perfection, comple- 
tion, as of a prophecy ; embellilli- 
ment, elegance, ornament of mind 
or bodv. 

ACCO.Vl'PT, ak-kouni'. f. An ac- 
count, a reckoning. 

ACCOMPTANT, ik-koun"-tint. f. 
A reckoner, computer. 

To ACCORD, ak-kA'rd. v. a. To 
make .igree, to adjuft one thing to 

To ACCORD, .\k-k.Vrd. v. n. To 
agree, to fuit one with another. 

ACCOKD, ak-ki'rd. f. A compafl, 
an agreement; concurrence, union 
of mind; harmony, fvmmetry. 

ACCORDANCE, ak-kar-dani'e. f. 
Agreement with a perfon ; confor- 
mity to fomething. 

ACCORDANT, ik-ki'r-dint. a. 
\^'illine, in good humour. 

ACCORDING, ak-ka'f-dlng. p. In 
a manner fuitable to, agreeable to; 
in proportion ; with regard to. 

ACCORDINGLY. ik-ki'r-dlng-K . 
ad. Agreeably, fuitably, conform- 

To ACCOST. Jk-kofl'. V. a. To 
fpeak to firft, to addrefs, to falute. 

ACCOS TABLE, ak-kil'-tabl. a. 
Eafy of accefs, familiar. 

ACCOUNT, ik-kount'. f. A com- 
putation of debts or expences ; the 
ftate or refult of a computation ; 
value or ettimation ; a narrative, 
relation ; the relation and reafons 
of a tranfadion given to a perfon 
in authority ; explanation, align- 
ment of caufes. 

To ACCOUNT, ik-kount'. v. a. 
To elleem, to think, to hold in 
opinion ; to reckon, to compute ; 
to give an account, to aiSgn the 
caufes ; to make up the reckoning, 
to anfwer for praiSiccs ; to hold in 

To ACCOUNT, ik-kount. v. n. To 
reckon ; to aiTign the caufes, in 
which fenfe it is followed by the 
particleyi;- ; to anfwer, with _/ir; 
as, to anfwer for. 

ACCOUNTABLE, ak-koun'-tabl. a. 
Of whom an account may be re- 
quired, who mutt anfwer for. 

ACCOUNTANT, ik-koun'-tant. a. 
Aflpountable to ; rcfponfible for. 

ACCOUNTANT, ak-koun'-tint. f. 
A computer, a man Ikilled or em- 
ployed in accounts. 

ACCOUNT-BOOK, ak-kount'-bok. 
f. A book containing accounts. 

ACCOUNTING, ak-koun'-tlng. f. 
The ad of reckoning or making up 

To ACCOUFLE, ak-ku/I. v. a. 

To join, to link together. 
To ACCOURT, afe-kort. v. a. To 
entertain with couitlhip, or cour- 
To ACCOUTRE, ik-ko'-iur. v, a. 
To drefs, to equip. 

ACCOUTREMENT, ib-k6' lir- 
mcnt. f. Drefs, equipage, trap- 
pings, ornaments. 
ACCRETION. Jik-kr^'-fiu'in. f. The 
aft of growing to another, fo as to 
increafe it. 
ACCRETIVE, Jk-krd'-tlv. a. Grow- 
ing; that which by growth is add- 
To ACCROACH, Ak-kr6'tfli. v. a. 

To draw to one as with a hook. 
To ACCRUE, 4k-kr6'. v. n. To 
accede to, to be added to ; to be 
added, as an advantage or im- 
provement; iu a commercial fenh, 
to be produced, or arife, as profits. 
ACCUBATION, Jk-ki-ba'-fliun C. 
The antient pofture of leaning at 
To ACCUMB', ak-kum'b. v. a. To 
lie at the table, according to the 
antient manner. 
ACCUMBENT, .\k-kum'-bent. adj. 

Leaning on one's fide. 
To ACCUMUL.ATE, ilk-kil'- mfi- 
lite. V. a. To pile up, to heap 
ACCUMULATION, Sk-k6-mi-14'. 
ihi'in. f. The aft of accumulat' 
ing; the Ifate of being accumu- 
ACCUMULATIVE, ik-ki-mi'i-U- 
tiv. a. That which accumulates; 
that which is accumulated. 
ACCUMUL.\TOR, ak - ka'- mUk- 
tiir. f. He that accumulates, a 
gatherer or hcaper together. 
ACCURACY, ak.'-ku-ra-fy. f. Ex- 

aftnefs, nicety. 
ACCURATE, ak'-ku-.v-at. a. E.vaft, 
as oppofed to negligence or igno- 
rance ; exaft, without dcfeft or 
ACCURATELY, ak'-ku-rac-l^. ad. 

E.vaftly, without errour, nicely. 
ACCURATENESS, ak-.-ku-rat-nefs. 

f. Exaftnefs, nicety. 
To ACCURSE, ak-kfer'fe. v. a. To 

doom to mifery, 
ACCURSED, ak-kur'-feJ. part. a. 
That which is curfedtjr doomed to 
mifery; execrable, hateful, detett- 
ACCUSABLE, sk-kiV-aW. a. That 
which may be cenfured ; blame- 
able J culpable. 
ACCUSATION, ^k-ki-zi'-ftiun, f. 
The aft of accufing ; the charge 
brought againft any one. 
ACCUS.A rlV'E, ak-ku-za-tiv. a. A 
term of grammar, the fourth cafe 
of a noun. 
ACCUS A'l'OR Y, ak- ku'-za-tur-r)-. 
a. That which produceth or con- 
taineth an accufation. 

C 2. To 


To ACCUSE, 4k-ku'ze. v. a. To 

charge vviih a crime ; to blame or 

ACCUSER, ak-ku'-zur. f. He that 

brings a charge apainfl another. 
To ACCUSTOM, ak-kiis'-tum. v. a. 

To habituate, to enure. 
ACCUSTOMABLE, ak-kus'-tum- 

mabl. a. Done by long cuftom 

or habit. 
ACCUSTOMABLY, ik-kis'- tim- 

irab-ly. ad. According to cuftom. 
ACCUsrOMANCE, ik-kus'- tum- 

minfe. f Cuftom, habit, ufe. 
ACCUSTOMARILY, ik-ki'ib'-tiim- 

ma-r^-ly. ad. In a cuftomary man- 
ACCUSTOMARY, ak-ki'is'-tum-ma- 

ry. a. Ulual, pradifs-d. 
ACCUSTOMED, ak-kus'-tum-med. 

a. According to cuftom, frequent, 

ACE, a'fe. f. A unit, a fingle point 

on cards or dice ; a fmall quantity. 
ACERBITY, a-fer'-by-ty. f. A 

rough fourtafte; applied to men, 

(harpnefs of temper. 
To ACERVATE, a-fer'-vate. v. a. 

To heap up. 
ACERVATION, d-f^r-va'-ftiin. f. 

Heaping together. 
ACESCENT, Lfes'-fent. a. That 

which has a tendency to fournefs or 

ACETOSE, a-se-to'fe. a. That 

which has in it acids. 
ACETOSITY, li-ih-tbs'-ff.t}. {. 

The ft.itc of being acetofe. 
ACETOUS, a-sc'-ius. a. Sour. 
ACHE, a'ke. f. A continued pain. 
To ACHE, a'ke. v. n. To be in 

To ACHIEVE, at-tCicV. v. a. To 

perform, to finilTi. 
An ACHIEVER, at-tfhc'-vir. f. He 

that performs what he endeavours. 
An ACHIEVEMENT, it-tfhcv- 

ment. f. Ihe performance of an 

a£lion ; the efcutcheon, or enfigns 

ACHOR, l'-k6r, f. A fpecics of 

the herpes. 
ACID, as'-sld. a. Sour, fiiarp. 
yiCIDlTY, a-.'id'-dl-ty. f, Sharp- 

nefs, fournefs. 
ACIDNESS. Jb'-n'd-nefs. f. The 

quality of being acid. 
ACIDUL^, i-dd'-du-l.'i. f. Medi- 
cinal fprings. impregnated with 

fhiirp particles. 
To ACIDULATE, i-sId'-di-Ute. v. 

a. To tinge with acids in a flight 

To ACKNOWLEDGE, ik-nil'- 

Icdah. V, a. To own the know- 


ledge of, to own any thing or per- 
fon in a particular charader ; to 
confefs, as, a fault; to own, as, a 

ACKNOWLEDGING, ak-nol'-lc- 
jing. a. Grateful. 

leJzh-ment. f. Conceilion of the 
truth of any pofition ; confeflion of 
a fault; confeflion of a benefit re- 

ACME, ak'-me. f. The height of 
any thing ; more efpecially ufed to 
denote the height of a diftcmper. 

ACOLOTHIST, a-kol'-lo-thift. f. 
One of the loweft order in tlie Ro- 
mifta church. 

ACONITE, ak'-ko-nite. f. The 
herb wolfs -bane. In poetical lan- 
guage, poifon in general. 

ACORN, ak'-korn. f. The feed or 
fruit borne by the oak, 

ACOUSTICKS, a-kous'-tfks. f. The 
dodlrine or theory of founds ; me- 
dicines to help the hearing. 

To ACQUAINT, ak-kwa'nt. v. a. 
To make familiar with ; to inform. 

-ACQUAINTANCE, ak-kwa n-tanfe. 
f. The ft.^te of being acquainted 
with, familiarity, knowledge ; fa- 
miliar knowledge ; a flight or initial 
knowledge, fhort of friendfliip ; the 
pcrfon with whom we are acquainted, 
without the intimacy of friendftiip. 

ACQUAINTED, ak-kwa'n-ted. Fa- 
miliar, well known. 

ACQUEST, ak-kwtMV. f. Acquifi- 
ticn ; the thing gained. 

To ACQUIESCE, ak-kwy;-efs'. v. n. 
To reft in, or remain fatisfied. 

ACQUIESCENCE, Sk-kw^-efs'- 
enle. f. A filent appearance of 
content ; fatrsfai^ion, reft, content ; 

ACQUIRABLE, ik-kwi'-rabl. a. 

To ACQUIRE, Sk-kw5're. v. a. To 
gain by one's labour or power. 

ACQUIRED, ik-kwi'-red. particip. 
a. Gained by one's felf. 

An ACQUIRER, ak-kwi'-rur. f. 
The perlbn that acquires ; a gainer. 

An ACQIL'REMKNT, ak-kwl're- 
zn6nt. f. That which is acquired, 
gain, attainment. 

ACQUISITION, ak-kw) 'ziOi'-ftiun. 
f. 'The aft of acquiring ; the thing 
gained, acquirement. 

ACQUISITIVE, ik-kwiz'-zi-tiv. a. 
I'liat which is acquired. 

ACQUIST, .^k kwjft'. I'. Acquire- 
ment, attainment. 

To ACCiUTT, ak kwli'. v. a. To 
frt free ; to clear from a charge of 
guilt, to abfolve; to clear from 


.iny obligation ; the man hatli ar- 
quitted himfelf well, he difcliargej 
his duty. 

ACQUITMENT, ik kwlf-m^nt. f. 
'The ftate of being acquitted, or aft 
of acquitting. 

ACQUITTAL, Ak-kwu'-ii!. f. I3 
a deliverance from an offence. 

To ACQUrTT.LNCE, ak-kwh'- 
tanfe. v. a. To procure an acquit- 
tance, to acquit. 

ACQUITTANCE, ak-kwit'-tanfe. C 
The aft of difcharging from a debt; 
a writing teftifying the receipt of a. 

ACRE, a-ki'ir. f. A quantity of 
land containing in length forty 
perches, and four in breadth, or 
four thoufand eight hundicd and 
fortv fquare yards. 

ACRID, ak'-ktid. a. Of a hot bit- 
ing tafte. 

ACRIMONIOUS, ak-kry-mo-nyiis. 
a. Sharp, corrofive. 

ACRIMONY, ak'-krj-mun-ny. f. 
Sharpnefs, corrofivenefs ; fharpnefs 
of temper, feverity. 

ACRITUDE, ak'-kry-tiide. f. An 
acrid tafte, a biting heat on the 

ACROAMATICAL, ak-kro4-mai'- 
tl-kal. a. Of or pertaining to deep 

ACROSITRE, ak'-kro-fpire. f. A 
fhoot or fprout from the end of 

ACROSPIRED, ak'- kro - fpl - reJ» 
part. a. Having fprouts. 

ACROSS, a-krofs'. ad. Athwart, 
laid over fomething fo as to crofs 

An ACROSTICK, a-krofs'-tik. f. A 
poem in which the hi ft letter of 
every line being taken, niukes up 
the name of the pcrfon or thing on 
which the poem is written. 

To ACT, akt'. To be in .iftion, not 
to relK 

To ACT, akt'. V. a. To perform a 
borrowed charafter, as a ftage- 
player; to produce eft'efts in fon>e 
pallive fubjeft. 

ACT, akt'. f. Something done, a 
deed, an exploit, whether good or 
ill ; a part of a play, during which 
the aftion proceeds without inter- 
ruption ; a decree of parliament. 

ACTION, Ak'-ftiun. f. The quality 
or ftate of ai^ting, oppofite to reft; 
an aft or thing done, a deed ; a- 
gency, operation ; the fcries of 

■ events repreftmed in a fable ; gef- 
ticulation, the accordance of the 
motions of the body with the words 
fpckci; i a term in law. 





ACTTONAELE, ^k'-fh6-ribl. a. 

Tint « liich admits an aftion in law, 

ACTIOXARY, ak'-fho-ner-y. f. 

Or e that has a fliare in aflions, or 

ACTIONIST, ak'-fho-nlft. f. The 

fame as aftionary. 
ACTION-TAKING, ^k"-fliin- ta- 
king, a. Litigious. 
ACTIVE, ak'-tlv. a. That which 

has the power or quality of afting ; 

that which acis, oppofed to paflive; 

bufy, engaged in aftion, oppofed 

to idle or fedentary; nimble, agile, 

quick i in grammar, a verb aflive 

is that which fignifies aftion, as, 1 

ACTIVELY, Jk'-tiV-I^. ad. Bufily, 

ACTIVEXESS, ak'-tlv- nefs. f. 

Quicknefs ; rimblenefs. 
ACTIVriY, ak-iiv'-vi-i^. f. The 

quality of being atlive. 
ACTOR, ak'-iur. f. He that afls, 

or performs any thing ; he that per- 

fonates a character, a ftage-player. 
ACTRESS, ik'-trefs. f. She that 

performs any tfSing ; a woman that 

plays on the ft.ige. 
ACTUAL, ak'-iii-al. a. Really in 

aft, not merely potential ; in aft, 

not purely in fpeculation. 
ACTUALITY, ik.-tu-il'-!y-t)'. f. 

The ftate of being aftusl. 
ACTUALLY, ak'-tu-al-ly. ad. In 

aft, in eifeft, really. 
ACTUALNESS, ak'-tu-al-nef;. f. 

7 he quality of being aftual. 
ACTUARY, ak'-tu-ar-ry. f. The 

regifter or officer who compiles the 

minutes of the proceedings of the 

To ACTUATE, ik'-t&-ite. v. a. 

To put into aftion. 
To .\CUATE, ak'-ku-ate. v. a. To 

ACULEATE, a-ku'-lyate. a. Prick- 
ly, that which terminates in a iharp 

ACUMEN, a-kii'-men. f. A fharp 

point; figuiatively, quicknefs of 

ACUMINATED, a-ku'-my-na-ted. 

part. a. Ending in a point, ftiarp- 

ACUTE, a-ku'te. a. Sharp, oppofed 

to blunt ; ingenious, oppofed to 

ll;pid ; acute difcafe, any difeafe 

which is attended with an increafed 

velocity cf blood, and terminates 

in a few days ; acute accent, that 

which raifes or rtiarpens the voice. 
ACUTELY, a-kute-ly. ad. After 

en acute manner, fliarply. 

ACUTENESS.a-ku'te-refs.f. Sharp- 
iicfs ; force of intellefts ; violence 
and fpeedy crifis of a malady ; lliarp- 
nefs of found. 

ADACTED, ad-ak'-ted. part. a. 
Driven by force, 

ADAGE, ad'-aje. f. A maxim, a 

ADAGIO, a-da-jo. f. A term ufed 
by muficians, to mark a flow time. 

ADAMANT, ad'-a-mant. f. A ftone 
of impenetrable hardnefs ; the dia- 
mond ; the loadftone. 

ADA.MANTEAN, id-a-man-te'-an. 
a. Hard as adamant. 

ADAMANTINE, ad-a-man'-tin. a. 
Made of adamant ; having the qua- 
lities of adamant, as, hardnefs, in- 

ADAM'S-APPLE, ad"-damz-ap'l. 
f. A prominent part of the throat. 

To .ADAPT, a-dap't. v. a. To fit, 
to fuit, to proportion. 

ADAPTATION, ad-ap-ta'-fhiin. f. 
The aft of iiiting one thing to ano- 
ther, the fiinefs of one thing to 

ADAPTION, ad-ap'-lhun. f. The 
aft of fitting. 

To .'\DD, ad'. V. a. To join fome- 
thing to that which was before. 

ADDABLE, ad'-dabl. adj. Vid. 

To ADDECIMATE, ad-des'-fy- 
mate. v. a. To take or afcertain 

To ADDEEM, ad-de m, v. a. To 
efteem, to account. 

ADDER, ad'-dur. f. A ferpent, a 
viper, a poilonous reptile. 

ADDER'S-GRA.SS. ad'-durz-grafs. 
f. A plant. 

ADDER'S-TONGUE, Jd'-durz- 
tung. f. An herb. 

ADDER'S-WORT, ad'-durz-wurt. f. 
An herb 

ADDIBILITY, ad'-dj^-bir'-ly'-ty. f. 
The poffibility of being added. 

ADDIBLE, ad'-dibl. a. Poffible to 
be added. 

ADDICE, ad'-dls. f. A kind of ax. 

To ADDICT, ad-dlkt'. v. a. To 
devote, to dedicate ; it is common- 
ly taken in a bad fenfe, as, he ad- 
difted himfelf to vice. 

ADDICTEDNESS, ad-dik'-ted-nefs 
f. The Hate of being addifted. 

ADDICTION, ad-dik'-lhun. f. The 
aft of devoting; the ftate of being 

An ADDITAMENT, ad"-dy-td- 
mem'. f. Addition, the thing 

.ADDITION, ;\J-dIlV-(hun. f. The 
aft of adding oue thing to another ; 

the thing added ; in arithmetick, 
addition is the roduftion ot tv.o or 
more numbers of like kind, toge- 
ther into one fum or total. 

ADDinONAL, ad-c{ih'-fl,6-nal. a. 
That ivhich is added. 

ADDITORY, ad'-dy-tur-ry. a. That 
which has the power of adding. 

-iDDLE, ad'l. a. Originally applied 
to eggs, and fignifying fuch as pro- 
duce nothing, thence transferred to 
brains that produce nothing. 

To ADDLE, ad'l. v. a. To make 
addle ; to confufe. 

ADDLE-PATED, ad'l-ja-ted. a. 
Having barren brains. 

To ADDRESS, id-drefs'. v. a. To 
prepare one's felf to enter upon any 
aftion ; to apply to another by 

ADDRESS, ad-drefs'. f. Verbal 
application to any one ; courtlhip; 
manner of addrefling another, as, a 
man of pleafing addrefs ; ficill, 
dexterity ; manner of direfting a 

ADDRESSER, aJ-dte^'-fur. f. The 
pcrfon that addrefles. 

ADDUCENT, ad-du'-fent. a. A 
word applied to ihofe mufdes that 
draw together the parts of the body. 

To ADDULCE, ad-diii'fe. v. a. To 

ADDENOGRAPHY, ad-de-nog'- 
gra-fy. f A treatife of the glands. 

ADEMPTION, a-demp'-Mn. f. 

ADEPT, a-dep't. f. He that is com- 
pletely flcilled in all the fecrels of 
his art. 

ADEQUATE, ad'-e-qwate. a. Equal 
to, proportionate. 

ADEQUATELY, ad'-c-kwat-ly, ad. 
In aa adequate manner, with ex- 
aftnefs of proportion. 

ADEQUATENESS, ad'e-kwat-r.efs. 
f. 1 he liate of being adequate, 
exaftnefs of prnpor ion. 

To ADHERE, ii-he're. v. r. To 
Hick to ; to remain firmly fixed to 
a party, or opinion. 

ADHERENCE, ad-he'-renfe. f. The 
quality of adhering, tenacity; fi.\- 
tdnels of mind, attachment, ilea- 

-ADHERENCY, Ad-hd'-r^n-f^ f. 

The fjme with adherence. 
ADHERENT, ad-he'-ient. a. Stick- 
ing to ; united with. 

ADHERENT, id-hc'-rent. f. A 

follower, a partifan. 
ADHERER, ad-he'-rur. f. He that 

ADHESION, id-he'-zhi'in. f. The acl 
or lUte of nicking ro fomething. 





ADHESIVE, ad-he'-sK-. f. Stick- 
ing, tenacious. 
To ADHIBIT, id-hib'-bi't. V. a. To 

apply, to make ufe of. 
ADHIBITION, .id-h^-bl(h'-(hin. f. 

Application, "ufe. 
^ADJACENCy, -id-jr-fen-f^. f. The 

ftate of lying clofe to another thing. 
ADJACENr, ad-ji'-fent. a. Lying 

clofe, bordering upon fomcthing. 
^DJACENl', id-ja'-fent. f. That 

which lies next another. 
ADIAPHOROUo, a-di ;U'-f6-rus. a. 

ADiAPHORY, J-di-aP.f6-r^. f. 

Neutr£.lity, indifference. 
To ADJECT, ad-jeft'. v. a. To 

add to, to put to. 
ADJECnON, Ad-jek'-nu'in. f. The 

adt of adjefting, or adding; the 

thing adjefled, or added. 
ADJECTiTlOUS, ad-jek-ti(h'-ftius. 

a. Added, thrown in. 
•ADJECTIVE, ^d'-j^k-ilv. f. A 

woro added to a noun, to (ignify 

the addition or feparation of (bme 

quality, circumftance, or manner 

of bein?; as, good, bad. 
ADJECTIVELY, id'-jc^k-tiv-K''. ad. 

After the manner of an adjeftive. 
ADIEU, a-diV. ad. Farevvel. 
To ADJOIN, ad-joi'n. v. a. To join 

to, to unite to, to put to. 
To ADJOIN, ad-joi'n. v. n. To be 

contiguous to. 
"To ADJOURN, ad-jur'n. v. a. To 

put off to another day, naming the 

ADJOURNMENT, ad-jum'-m^nt. f. 

A putting off till another day. 
ADIPOUS, ad'-d^-pus. a. Fat. 
ADIT, ad'-lt. f. A paffage under 

ADITION, ad-Idi'-Ihun. f. The 

afl of t;oing to another. 
To ADJUDGE, id-juJzh'. v. a. To 

give the thing controverted to one 

of the parties ; to fentence to a 

punifhment ; fimply, to judge, to 

ADJUD[CA TION, id -jb-df - k;V- 

Ihi'in. f. The aft of granting fome- 

thing to a litigant. 
To ADJUDICATE, id-jo'-d>'-kate. 

V. a. To adjudge. 
To ADJUGATE, ad-jo'-g;'tte. v. a. 

To yoke to. 
ADJUMENT, Ad-j<')-mcnt. f. Help. 
ADJUNCT, id'-junkt. f. Some- 
thing adherent or united to another 
ADJUNCT, ad'junkt. a. Imme- 

diatelv joined. 
ADJUNCTION, id-ji'ink'-nu'in. f. 

""The aft of adjoining ; ihe thing 


ADJUNCTIVE, id-junk'-tlv. r. He 
that joins ; that which is joined. 

ADJUR.ATION, ad-j6-ra-lTiun. f. 
'The aft of propofing an oath to an- 
other ; the form of oath prcpofed to 

To ADJURE, aJ-jor. v. n. To im- 
pofe an oath upon another, prc- 
fcribing the form. 

To ADJUS T, adjull'. v. a. To re- 
gulate, to put in order; to make 

ADJUSTMENT, ad-ju(V-ment. f. 
Regulation, the aft of putti.g in 
method ; the ftate of being put in 

ADJUTANT, ;'id'-j6-tant. f. A 
petty officer, whofe duty is to aflift 
the major, by dillributing pay, and 
overfeeing punifhment. 

To ADJUTE, ad-j6't. v. a. To 
help, to concur. 

ADJUTOR, ad-jo'-tur. f. A helper. 

ADJUTORY, id'-jo-tur-ry. a. That 
which helps. 

ADJUVANT, ad'-j6-vant. a. Help- 
ful, ufeful. 

To ADJUVATE, ad' j6-vate. v. a. 
To help, to further. 

zhur-ment. f. The aft or prac- 
tice of meafuring according to 

.■\DMENSURATION, ad-men-fh6- 
ra'-ftiun. f. The aft of meafuring 
to each his part. 

ADMINICLE, ad-mln'-j'kl. f. Help, 

ADMINICULAR, Jd-m^-nik'-u-Iar. 
a. That which gives help. 

To ADMINISTER, ad-mln'-m'f-ti.r. 
V. a. 'To give, to afford, to fiip- 
ply ; to aft as the mirtifter or agent 
in any employment or office ; to 
perform the office of an adminillra- 

To ADMINISTRATE, ad-mii,'-nif- 
trfite. V. a. 'The fame as admini- 

ADMINISTRATION, ad-min-nif- 
tra'-rtu'iii. f. 'The aft of adminiller- 
ing or condufting any employment; 
the aflive or executive part of go- 
vernment ; thofe to whom the care 
fif publick affjirs is committed. 

ADMINISTRATIVE, ad-min"-nlf- 
tr?i-iiv'. a. 'That which admi- 

A DM IN I STRATOR, .'id - m I n - n I f- 
tt.V-ii'ir. f. He that has the goods 
of a man dying inteflate, commit- 
ted to his charge, and is accountable 
for the fame; he that officiates in 
divine rites ; he that condufts the 

ADMINISTRATRIX, ad-m'n-nlf^ 
tra'-trlks. f. She who adminifters 
in confequence of a will. 

nil'-tra'-tur-lhip. f. 'The office of 

ADMIRABLE, ad'-my-rabl. a. To 
be admired, of power to excite 

rabl-ncfs'. f. I 

ADMIRABILTTY, ad'-in>-ri- f 
bir-ly-ty. f. J 

'l"he quality or (late of being ad- 

ADMIRAiiLY, ad'-my-r" -ly. ad. 
In an admirable m.anner. 

ADMIRAL, ad'-my-ril. f. An of- 
ticer or magillrate that has the go- 
vernment of the king's navy; the 
chief commander of a fleet ; the 
Ihip which carries the admiral. 

ADMIRALSHIP, ad"- my-ral-IIiip', 
f. 'The office of admiral. 

ADMIRALl'Y, ad'-my-ral-ty. f. 
The power, or officers, appointed 
for the adminidration of luval af- 

ADMIRATION, id-m>''-ri'-lhin. f. 
Won ier, the aft of admiring or 

To ADMj KE, ad mi're. v. a. To 
regard with wonder ; to regard with 

ADMIRER, ad-mi'-rur. f. The per- 
fon that wonders, or regards with 
admiration ; a lover. 

ADMIRINGLY, ad-ml'-rlng-ly. ad. 
With admir.ition. 

ADMISSIBLE, ad-mL'-sibl. 8. 
'That which may be admitted. 

ADMISSION, .id-mL'-ftmn. f. The 
aft or praftice of admitting ; the 
Itate of being admitted ; admit- 
tance, the power of entering; the 
allowance of an argument. 

To ADMIT, ad-mit'. v. a. To fuffer 
to enter ; to fuffer to enter upon an 
office; to allosv an argument or po- 
fition ; to alloiv, or grant in ge- 

ADMTTTABLE, ad-mi't'- tdbl. a. 
Which may be admitted. 

ADMITTANCE, ad-mit'-tanfe. f. 
'The aft of admitting, permiffion to 
enter ; the power or right of enter- 
ing ; cullom ; conceffion of a po!i. 

To ADMIX, ad-mn:5'. v. a. 'Jo 
mingle with fomething elfe. 

ADMIX'TION, ad-miks'-tilu'in. f. 
'The union of one body witn ano- 

ADMIXTURE, ad-miks'-t(hur. f. 
'The body mingled with another. 





ADOLESCENCE, ^do-Ies'-A-nfe. 

To ADMONISH, ad-rron'-nlih. v. a. 
To warn of a fault, to reprove 

ADMONISHER, ad-mon'-nidi-ur. f. 
The perfon that puts another in 
mind of his faulis or duty. 

ADMONISHMENT, ad-mon'-nini- 
meiit. f. Admonition, notice of 
faults or duties. 

ADMONITION, ad-mo-ni'lV-un. f. 
The iint of a fault or duty, coun- 
fel, gentle reproof. 

ADMONITIONER, ad-mo-nifh'-un- 
I'lr. f. A general'advifer. A lu- 
dicrous term. 

ADMON TORY, ad-m6ii"-ny-tur'- 
ry. a. That which admonilhes. 

To'ADMOVE, ad-mo ve. v. a. To 
bring one thing to another. 

ADMURMURATION, id-mur-mu- 
la'-lhun. f. The aft of murmuring 
to another. 

ADO, a-do. f. Trouble, difficulty; 
buille, tumult, bufinefs ; moretii. 
mult and (how of buiinefs, than the 
affair is worth 

' "' -les'-fenre. l 
kV-len-fy. i 
f. The age (ucceeding childhood, 
and fucceeded by puberty. 

To ADOPT, a-dopt'. V. a. To take 
a fon by choice, to make him a ion 
who is not fo by birth ; to place 
any perfon or thing in a nearer re- 
lation to fomethin^g elfe. 

ADOPTEDLY, J-dop'-ted-Iy. ad. 
After the manner of fomething 

ADOPTER, a-dop'-tur, f. He that 
gives fome one by choice the rights 
of a fon. 

ADOPTION, a-dop'-Mn. f. The 
aft of adopting ; the ftate of being 

ADOPTIVE, a-dop'-tiv. a. He that 
is adopted by another; he that 
adopts another. 

ADORABLE, a-do'-iabl. a. That 
which ought to be adored. 

ADORABLbNt-:SS, i-do'-rabl-ne s. 
f. Worthinels of divine honours. 

ADORABLY, a-do-ra bly. ad. In 
a m inner \\orthy of adoration. 

ADORATION, ad-do-ra'-fliun. f 
The external homage paid to the di- 
vinity; homage paid to perfons in 
high place or elleem. 

To ADORE, a-do're. v. a. To wor- 
(hip with external homage. 

ADORER,'-rur. f. He that 
adores ; a worfhippcr. 

To ADOR\, a da'rn. v. a. To 
drefs ; to deck the perfon with or- 
naments; to fet out any place cr 
thing with decoratiotis. 

ADORNMENT, a di'rn-ment. f. 
Ornament, emhellidiment. 

ADOV/N, a-dow'n. ad. Down, on 
the ground. 

ADOWN, a-dow'n. prep. Down 
tow.irds the ground. 

ADREAD, a-dred'. ad. In a ftate 
of fear. 

ADRIFT, a-drift'. ad. Floating at 

ADROIT, a-droit'. a. Aftive, (kil- 

ADROITNESS, adroit' nefs. f. 
Dexterity, readinefs, aftivity. 

ADRY, a-drf. ad. Athirft, thirfty. 

ADSCiriTlOUS, ad-fy-t{(h'-us. a. 
That which is taken in to complete 
fomething elfe. 

ADSlRICTiON. ad-ftri'k'-fhun. f. 
The aft of binding together. 

To ADVANCE, aJ-vanTe. v. a. To 
bring forward, in the local fenfe; 
to raife to preferment, to aggran- 
dize ; to improve; to forward, to 
accelerate ; to propofe, to offer to 
the publick. 

To ADVANCE, ad-v.Vfe. v. n. To 
come forward ; to make improve- 

ADVANCE, ad-v.^nTe. f. The aft 
of coming forward; a tendency to 
come forward to meet a lover ; pro- 
greliion, rile from one point to 
another; improvement, progrefs 
towards perfeftion. 

ADVANCEMENT, ad-van'fe-mint. 
f. The aft of coming forward ; 
the Hate of being advanced, pre- 
ferment; improvement. 

ADVANCER, ad-van'-fur. f. A 
promoter, forwarder. 

ADVANTAGE, ad-van'-tadzh. f 
Superiority ; fuperiority gained by 
ilratngem ; gain, profit; prepon- 
deration on one fide ol the compa- 

To ADVANTAGE, id-v4n'-tadzh. 
V. a. Ttrbenefit; to promote, to 
bring forward. 

AD VANTAGE ABLE, ad-van'-tu- 
jable. a. Profitable; gainful. 

ADVANTAGED, ad-van'-ta jed. a. 
Poffelfed of advantages. 

van'-taje-groind. f. Ground that 
gives fuperiority, and Of>portunities 
of annoyance or refiftance. 

ADVANTAGEOUS, aj-van-ta'-jus. 
a. Prcltable, ufeful, opportune. 

ADVANTAGEOUSLY, ad-van-ta'- 
jiif-Iy. ad. Conveniently, oppor- 
tunelv, profitably. 

ta'-juf-nefs. f. Profitabknefs, ufe- 
fulnefs, convenience. 

To ADVENE, ad-ve'ne. v. n. To 
accede to fomething, to be fuper- 

ADVENIENT, ad-ve'-nyent. a. Ad- 
vening, fuperadded. 

ADVENT, aJ'-vent.- f. The n.ime 
of one of the holy feafons, fig- 
nifying the coming; this is the 
coming of our Saviour; which is 
made the fubjeft of our devotion 
during the four weeks before 

ADVEN TINE, t'ld-vC-n'-tl.i. a. Ad- 
ventitious, that which is cxtrinfi- 
cally added. 

ADVENTITIOUS, id-ven-tlfh'-us.. 
a. That which advenes, c.vtrinfi- 
callv added, 

ADVENriVE, ad-ven'-iir. f. The 
thing or perfon that comes fronv 
\DVENTUAL, Jd-v^n'-td-^l. a. 
Relating to the feafon of Ad- 

ADVENTURE, :\d-ven'-tfhur. f. An 
accident, a chance,- a hazard ; an 
entcrprize in which fomething rauft 
be left to hazard. 

To ADVENTURE, Jd-ven'. tfhur. 
v. n. To try the chance, to dare. 

AD VENTURER, ad-vcn'-tll.ur-iir.f. 
He that feeks occalions of hazard, 
he that puts hlmfelf in the hands of 

a. He that is inclined to adven- 
tures, dating, courageous; full of 
hazird, dangerous. 

AD VENTUROUSLY, ad-ven'-tftiur- 
uf-ly. ad. Boldlv, daringly. 


tlhur-fum. a. The fame with ad- 

ven'-tlhur-fom-nefs. f. The qjc- 
lity of being adventurefome. 

ADVERB, ad'.verb. f. A word 
joined to a verb or adjeftive, and" 
folely applied to the ufe of quali- 
fying nnd reftraining the latitude of 
their fignification. 

ADVERBIAL, ad-ver'-byal. a. That 
which has the quality or llrufturo 
of an adverb. 

ADVERBI LEY, ad-ver'-byil-i;-. 
ad. In the manner of an adverb. 

ADVERSABLE, id-vcr'- fabl. a. 
Cc ntrary to. 

ADVERSARY, ad'-ver-I3r-y. f. An 
ODpcnent, antagonill enemy. 

ADVERSATIVE, ad-ver'-fa ,iv. a, 
A word which makes fome oppofi- 
tion or variety. 

ADVERSE, ad'-verfe. a. Afting 
with contrary diieftions j.. calami- 




tous, affliclive, oppofed to pro- 
ADVERSITY, aJ-ver'-fy-!)'-. f. Af- 
liidion, caUmiiy ; the caufe of our 
forrow, misfortune ; the llate cf 
unh.ippinefs, miferv. 
ADVERSELY, avi'-\erf-ly. a. Op-^ 

pofitelv, unfortunately. 
To ADVERT, advert', v. n. To 

attend to, to rtgarJ, to obfervc. 
ADVERTl-NCE, ad-ver'-ienfe. f. 

Attention to, regard to. 
ADVERTENCY, ad-vcr'-tcn-fy. f. 

The fame with advertence. 
ADVERTENT, ad-ver'-icnt. a. At- 
tentive; vigilant; lieedful. 
To ADVERTISE, ad-vcr-tl'ze. v. a. 
To inform another, to give intelli- 
gence ; to give notice of any thing 
in piiblick prints. 
ADVERTlSE-Jad-xer' tiz-mcnt. •) 
MENT, 2 id-ver-tl'ze-ment. J 

f. Intelligence, information; no- 
tice of any thing publifhed in a 
paper of intelligence. 
ADVERTISER, id-v^r-tV-zur. -f. 
He that gives intelligence or in- 
formation ; the paper in which ad- 
vertifements are publiftied. 
.ADVERTISING, ad-\er-ti'-zing. a. 
Aiftive in giving intelligence, mo- 
To ADVESPERATE, ad-ve.'-pJ- 
rite. V. n. To draw towards even- 

ADVICE, ad-viTe. f. Counfel, in- 

ftruftion, notice; intelligence. 
ADVICE-BOAT, ad-vl'le-bite. f. 
A veflel employed to bring intelli- 
ADVISEABLE, ad-vl'-zabl. a. Pru- 
dent, fit !o be advifed. 
ADVISEABLENESS, ad-vi'-zabl- 
ni;fs. f. The quality of being ad- 
To ADVISE, ;iJ-vI'ze. v. a. To 
counfel ; to inform, to make ac- 
To ADVISE, ad-vl'ze. v. n. To 
confa^t, as, he advifed with his 
companions; to conlider, to deli- 
ADVISED, ad-vr-:eJ. part. a. AR- 
ing with deliberation and defign, 
prudent, wife; performed with de 
liberation, afted with defign. 
ADVISEDLY, ad-vi'-zed-lf. ad. 
Deliberately, purpofely, by defign, 
ADVISEDNESS, ad-vi'-zed-nefs. f. 
Deliberation, cool and prudent pro- 
ADVIS! MENT, ad-vrze-ncnt. f. 
Counfel, information; prudence, 

ADVIoER, ad-vi'-zur. f. The per- 

fon that advifes, a counfellor. 
ADULATION, ~ id-du-ia'-ihun. f. 

Flattery, high compliment. 
ADULATOR, au'-du-li-tur. f. A 

ADULATOll Y. ad"-du-la-tiit'-ry. a. 

ADULT, a-du!t'. a. Grown up ; 

part the age of infancy. 
ADULT, a-dult'. f. A perfon above 
the age of infancy, or grown to 
fome degree of rtreneth. 
ADULTNESS, L-duh'-nift,. f. The 

rtate of being adult. 
To ADULTER, a-dul'-tur. v. a 
To commit adultery with another. 
ADULTERANT, a-dul'-te-rant. f. 
The perfon or thing which adulte- 
To ADULTER.JiTE, a-dul'-te-rate. 
V. a. To commit adultery ; to 
corrupt by fome foreign admix- 
ADULTERATE, a-dul'-ie-rate. a. 
Tainted with the guilt of adultery ; 
corrupted with fome foreign ad- 
rite-nels'. f. The quality or ftate 
of being adulterate. 
ADULTER.A.TION, a-dul-te-r'/- 
fhun. f. The aft of corrupting by 
foreign mixture ; the llate of being 
ADULTERER, a-dul'-tc-rur.f. The 

perfo.n guihy of adultery. 
ADULTERESS, a-dul'-te-refs. f. 

A woman that commits adultery. 
ADULTERINE, a-di'il'-te-rine. f. 

A child born of an adulterefs. 
ADULTEROUS, a-dul'-tc-rus. a. 

Guilty of adultpry. 
ADULTERY, a-diil'-te-r)'. f. The 
aft of violating the bed of a married 
ADUMBRANT, ad-um'-brant. a. 
That which gives a flight refem- 
To ADUMBRATE, y-i.m'-brate. 
V a. To lli.idow out, to give a flight 
likenefs, to exhibit a faint reiem- 
ADUMBR.A.TION, ad-ijm-bra'-(hin. 
f. The aft of giving a flight and 
imperfeft reprefentation ; a faint 
ADUNATION, Jd-ii-na-fhun. f. 

The (late of being united, union. 
AD'UNClTY,aa-un'-ly-ly.f. Crook- 

eduefs, hookcdnef . 
ADUNQUE, i dunk', a. Crooked. 
ADVOCACY, au'-vi-ka-fy. f. Vin- 
dication, defence, apology. 
ADVOCAI'E, id'-v6-kate. f. He 

that ple.ids the caufe of another in 
a court of judicature; he that pleads 
any caufe, in whatever manner, at 
a controvertilf or vindicator. 
ADVOCATION, ad-vu -ka-fiiun. f. 
The office of pleading, plea, apo- 
ADVOLATION, .^d-vo-la'-fhim. f. 

The aft of flying to fomething. 
ADVOLUTION, :'ul-vi-lu'-nii'in. f. 

The aft of rolling to fomething. 
ADVOUTRY, id-von'-uy. f. A- 

ADVDWE, ad-vow', f. He that has 

the right of advowfon. 
ADVOWSON, iid-vow'-7un. f. A 

right to prefent to a benefice. 
To ADURE, id-u re. v. n. To bura 

ADUST, ad-iill'. a. Burnt up, fccrch- 
ed ; it is generally now applied to 
the humours of the body. 
ADUSTRD, ad-us'-tcd. a. Burnt, 

dried with fire. 
ADUSTIBLE, id-us'-tlble. a. That 
which may be adufted, or burnt 
ADUSTION, ad-ub'-tniiin. f. The 

aft of burning up, or drying. 
ADZ. adz', f. See Addice. 
^GYPTIACUM, e-jip-ti'-a-cum. f. 
An ointment confining of honey, 
verdigreafe, and vinegar. 
yENTGMA, ^-nlg'-ma. See Enigma. 
AERIAL, a-e-ryal. a. Belonging 
to the air, as confifting of it ; in- 
habiting the air ; placed in the air; 
high, elevated in fituation. 
AERIE, ary. f. A nell of hawks 

and other birds of prey. 
AEROLOGY, a-er-61"-16-jy. f. The 

dofttine of the air. 
AEROMANCY, a-er-6-man"-fv'. f. 

The art of divining by the air. 
AEROMETRY, a-er-6m"-me-try. f. 

The art of meafuring the air. 
AEROSCOPY, a'-cr-os"-k6-p>'. f. 

The obfervation of the air. 

^THIOPS-MiNERAL, e"-thyups. 

miii'-ne-ral. f. A medicine (o 

called, from its dark colour, made 

of quickfilver and fulphur, ground 

together in a marble mortar. 

^'iMTES, t-ti'-tiz. f. Eagle-ftone, 

AFAR, a-f.Vr. a. At a great dif- 

tance ; to a great diftance. 
AFEARD, a-fe'rd. participial a. 

Frightened, terrifiid, afraid. 
AFER, ;V-fcr. f. The fouthwefl 

AFFABILITY, af'-fa-bil'-ly-ty. f. 
Eafinefs of m.mners ; courtcoufnefs, 
civility, condefcenfion. 
AFFABLE, if'-fabl. a. Eafy of 
manners, courteous, complaifant. 




AFFABLENESS. M"-[Lhl-T^ef.'. f. 

Courtcf\ , affability. 
AFFABLY, if'.fA-bI\'-. ad. Cour- 

teoufly, civilly. 
AFFABROU3, af-fi-brus. a. Skil- 
fully made, complete. 
AFFAIR, Jf-fa'r. f. Bufineff, fome- 
t.hing to be managed or tranfafted. 
To AFFE.4R, hf-fir. v. n. To con- 
firm, to eft.ablifli. 
AFFECT, if-fekt'. f. Afredion, 

paflion, fenfation. 
To AFFECT, af-fekt'. v. a. To 
a£l upon, to produce effeils in any 
other thing ; to move the paffions ; 
to aim at, to afpire to ; to be fond 
of, to be pleafed, to love ; to 
pratlife the appeaiance of anv thing, 
with feme degree of hypocrify ; to 
imitate in an unnatural and con- 
ftrained manner. 
AFFECTATION, af-fek-ta -(hun. f. 
The adl of making an artificial ap- 
pearance, aukvvard imitation. 
AFFECTED, af-fek'-ted participial 
a. Moved, touched with afFeftion ; 
Jludied with over-much care ; in a 
perfonal fenfe, full of affcftation, 
as, an afFeiled lady. 
AFIECTEDLY, af-fck'-ted-ly. ad. 
In an affefted manner, hypocriti- 
AFFECTEDNESS, Jf-f^k'-t^d-n^fs. 

f. The quality of being atfefted 
AFFECTION, Af-fek'-lliun. f. The 
Hate of being afFciled by any caufe, 
or agent ; pafTion of any kind ; 
love, kindnefs, good-will to fome 
AFFECTIONATE, af-fek'-fti6-nate 
a. Full of affection, warm, zeal 
ous ; fond, tender. 
AFFECTIONATELY, af-fek"-fh6 

rat'-Iy. aH. F"ondlv, tenderly. 
flio-nat-neib'. f. Fondnefs, ten- 
dernefs, good-will. 
AFFECTIONED, af-fek'-fliun-ned. 
a. Afleded, conceited; inclined, 
mentally diipofed. 
AFFECTIOUSLY, if-fek'-fhiif-ly. 

ad. In an alFefling manner. 
AFFECTIVE, af-fek'-liv. a. That 
which affefts, which ftrongly 
AFFECl UOSITY, af-fek-tu-os'-fy- 

tv. f. PafTionatenefs. 
AFFECTUOUS, af-fek'-tu-us. a. 

Full of paflion. 
To AFFERE, Jf-fc're. v. a. A law 

term, fignifying to confirm. 
AFFIANCE, af-fi'-anfe. f. A mar- 
riage-contrail ; truft in general, 
confidence ; truft in the divine pro- 
mifes and proteiftion. 

To AFFIANCE. kUV-lnfe. v. a. 
To betroth, to bind any one by 
promife to marriage ; to give con- 
AFFI.4NCER, af-fi'-an-fir. f. He 
that makes a concrafl of marriage 
between two parties. 
AFFIDATION. af-fl-di'-fliun. 7 . 
AFFIDATURE, af-fi'-da-iure. ( '• 
Mutual contrail, mutual oath of 
AFFID.^WIT, af-fy-da'-vit. f. A 

declaration upon oath. 
AFFIED, af-fi'-ed. particip. a. 

Joined by contrail, affianced. 
AFFiLlAi'lON, af-f)'-ly-a-lliun. f. 

AFFINAGE, af-fi-naje. f. The 
nil of refining metals by the cupel. 
AFFINED, al-fi'-ned. a. Related 

to another. 
AFFINITY, af-fln'-ny-t}'-. f. Re- 
lation by marriage ; relation to, 
"onnexicn with. 
To .\FFIRM, af-ferm'. v. n. To 
declare, to aflert confidently, op- 
pofed to the word deny. 
To AFFIRM, af-ferm'. v. a. To ratify 
or approve a former law, or judg- 
AFFIRMABLE, if-fer'-mabl. a. 

1 hat which may be affirmed. 
AFFIRMANCE, af-fer'-manfe. f. 

Confirmation, oppofed to repeal. 
AFFIRMANT, af-fer'-mant. f. The 

perfon that aftirms. 
AFFIRMAFION, af-fer-ma'-fliun. f. 
The ail of affirming or declaring, 
oppofed to negation ; the pofition 
afiiimed ; confirmation, oppofed to 
AFFIRMATIVE, af-fer'-ma-tiv. a. 
I'hat which affirms, oppofed to ne- 
gative; that wiiich can or may be 
AFFIRMATIVELY, af-fer'-ma-tlv- 
ly. ad. On the pofitive fide, not 
AFFIRMER, af-fer'-mur. f. The 

perfon that affirms. 
To AFFIX, af-fiks'. v. a. To unite 

to the end, to fubjoin. 
AFFIX, af'-t Iks. f. A particle unit- 
ed to the end of a word. 
AFFIXION, af-fik'-thuii. f. The 
ail of affixing ; the ftate of being 
AFFLATION, af-ha-fhun. f. Ad 

of breathing upon any thing. 
AFFLATUS, af-fli'-tus. f. Com- 
munication of the power of pro- 
To AFFLICT, if-flikt'. v. a. To 
put to pain, to grieve, to tor- 


nefs. f. Sorrovvfulnels, g«ef. 
AFFLICTER, af-fllk'-tii.-. f. The 

perfon that affliils. 
AFFLICTION, af fiik'-(hun. f. The 
caufe of pain or fcrrov/, calamity; 
the (late of forrowfulnefs, mifery. 
AFFLICTIVE, af-flik'-tiv. a. Pain- 
ful, tormenting. 
AFFLUENCE, af'-fli-enfe. f. The 
ail of flowing to any place, con- 
courfe ; exuberance of riches, 
AFFLUENCY, if'-flu-en-fy. f. The 

fame with affluence. 
AFFLUENT, af'-flu-ent. a. Flow- 
ing to any part ; abundant, exu- 
berant, wealthy. 
AFFLUENTNESS, aP-flu-ent-ncfs. 

f. The quality of being affluent. 
AFFLUX, al'-fluks f. The ait of 
flowing to fome place, affluence; 
that which flows to any place. 
AFFLUXION, af fluk'-fniin. f. The 
ail of flowing to a particular place ; 
that which flows from one place to 
To AFFORD, af-ford. v. a. To 
yield or produce ; to grant, or con- 
fer any thing ; to be able to fell ; 
to be able to bear expences. 
To AFFOREST, .if-for'-reft. v. a. 

To turn ground into foreft. 
To AFFRANCHISE, af-fran'-tfhiz. 

V. a. To make free. 
To AFFRAY, af-fra'. v. a. To 

fright, to terrify. 
AFFkAY, af-f<a''. f. A tumultuous 
affault of one or more perfons upon 
AFFRICTION, af-frik'-fliun. f. The 
ail of rubbing one thing upon an- 
To AFFRIGHT, af-fii'te. v. a. To 

affeil with fear, to terrify. 
AFFRIGHT, af-fri'te.f.Terrour.fear. 
AFFRIGHTFUL, af-fri'te-ful. a. 
Full of affright or terrour, terrible. 
AFFRIGHTMENT, af-fri'te-ment. 
f. The impreflion of fear, terrour; 
the Hate of fearfulnefs. 
Fo AFFRON r, af-frunt'. v. a. To 
meet face to face, to encounter ; 
to provoke by an open infult, to 
offend avowedly. 
AFFRONT, af-'ftunt'. f. Infult of- 
fered to the face ; outrage, ail of 
AFFRONTER, af-frun'-tur. f. The 

perfon that affronts. 
AFFRONTING, af-frun'-ting. part, 
a. That which has the quality of 
To AFFUSE, af-fu'ze. v. a. To 
pour one thing upon another. 





AFFUSIOM, af-fu'-zhim f. The id. 

of aftWing. 
To AFFY, af-fy' v. a. To betroth 

in order to marriage. 
To AFFY, :\f-fy'. v. n. To put 

confidence in, to put tnift in. 
AFIELD, a-fe'ld. ad. To the field. 
AFLAT, a-flat'. ad. Level with 

the ground. 
AFLOAT, a-flo'ce. ad. Floating. 
AFOOT, ;\-fut.' ad. On foot, not 

on horfeback j in aftion, as, a de- 

fi^n is afoot. 
AFORE, a-fo're. prep. Before, 

nearer in place to any thing ; 

fooner in time. 
AFORE, a-fo're. ad. In time fore- 
gone or pall ; firil in the way ; in 

front, in the fore-part. 
AFOREGOING, a-fore-go-ing. 

part. a. Going before. 
AFOREHAMD, i-fo re-hind. ad. 

l!y a previous provifion ; provided, 

prepared, previoufly fitted. 
AFOREMENTIONED, i - fo're - 

men'-ihund. a. Mentioned before. 
AFORENAMED, a-fo're-na- med. 

a. Named before. 
AFORESAID, a-fore-fed. a. Said 

AFORETIME, a-fore-tlme. ad. In 

time pad. 
AFRAID, a-fra'd. particip. a. Struck 

with fear, terrified, fearful. 
AFRESH, a-freih'. ad. Anew, again. 
AFRONT, i-frant'. ad. In front, 

in direft oppofuion. 
AFTER, af'-lcr. prep. Following 

in place ; in purfuic of; behind ; 

poileriour in time ; according to ; 

in imitation of. 
AFTER, af'-ter. ad. In fucceeding 

time ; following another. 
AFTER AGES, af"-ier-a'-jcz. f. 

Succeeding times, poflerity. 
AFTERALL, af'-ter-a'll. ad. At 

lall, in fine, in conclufion. 
AFTERBIRTH, if- tcr- berth, f 

The fecundine. 
AFTERCLAP, af'-ier-klip. f. Un- 

expeded event happening after an 

affair is fuppofed to be at an end. 
AFTERCOS F, if-tcr-koft. f. The 

e;.pence incurred after the original 

plan is executed. 
AFTERCROP, af-ter-krup. f. Se- 
cond harvefh 
AF'IERGAME, if'-ter-game. f. 

Methods taken after the firll turn of 

AF FERMATH, af-tir-m.V.h. f. Se- 
cond crop of grafs mown in autumn. 
AFTERNOON, af'-tiino'n. f. The 

time from the meridian to the even- 
ing. S 

AFTERPAINS, JP-ter-par.z. f. 
Fains after birth. 

AFTERPART, af-ter-part. f. The 
latter part. 

AFTERTAS'FE, .if'-tcr-taft. f. Tafte 
remaining upon the tongue after 
the draught. 

AF TERTflOUGHT, if'-ter-that. f. 
Refleftions after the aft, expedients 
formed too late. 

AFTERTiMES, af'-ter- tlmz. f. 
Succeeding times. 

AFTERWARD, af ter-ward. ad. 
In fucceeding time. 

AFTERWIT, ai'-ter-wit. f. Con- 
trivance of expedients after ihe oc- 
cafion of ufing them is palt. 

AG A, a'-ga. f. I'he title of aTurk- 
ifh military officer. 

AGAIN, ;'i-gcn'. ad. A fecond time, 
once more ; back, in rellitution ; 
befidef, in any other time or place; 
twice as much, marking the fame 
quantity once repeated ; again and 
again, with frequent repetition. 

AGAINST, a-genll', prep. Con- 
trary, oppofite, in general ; v/ith 
contrary motion or tendency, ufed 
of material action ; oppofite to, in 
place ; in expeilation of. 

AGAPE, a-ga'p. ad. Staring with 

AGARICK, ag'-i-rlfc. f. A drug of 
ufein phyfick, and the dying trade. 

AGAST, a-gall'. Sec Aghast. 

AGAl'E, ag'-it. f. A precious 
flone of the loweft dafs. 

AGATY, ag'-a-ty. a. Partaking of 
the nature of agate. 

To AGAZE, a-ga'ze. v. a. To 
ftrike v.'ith amazement. 

AGE, a'je. f. Any period of time 
attributed to fomething as the 
whole, or part of its duration; a 
fuccefiion or generation of men ; 
the time in which any particular 
man, or race of men liv':d, as, the 
age of heroes ; the fpace of a 
hundred years ; the latter part of 
life, old ; in law, in a man 
the age of tv.'enty-one years is the 
full age, a woman at twenty-one is 
able to alienate her lands. 

AGED, .V-jed. a. Old, Ihicken in 

AGEDLY, i'jcd-ly. ad._ After the 
manner of an aged perfon. 

AGEN, a-gcn'. ad. Again, in re- 

AGENCY, a-jcn-fy. f. The qua- 
lity of afting, the Hate of being in 
acUon ; bulinefs periormcd by an 

AGENT, u'-Jent. a. Ailing upon, 

AGENT, a'-jent. f, A fubftitute, a 
deputy, a faftor ; that which has 
the power of operating. 

AGGELATION, ag-j5-li'-(hun. f. 
Concretion of ice. 

AGGENERATION, ag-jen-ne-ra- 
Ihun. f. The llate of groiTing to 
another body. 

To AGGERATE, ad'-je-rate. v. a. 
I'o heap up. 

To AGGLOMERATE, ag-gl6m'- 
mc-rate. v. a. To gather up in a 
ball, as thread. 

AGGLUTINANTS, Jg-glii'-ty- 
nants. f. Thcfe medicines which 
have the power of uniting parts to- 

To AGGLUTINATE, ig-gli'-t)^- 
rate. v. n. To unite one part to 

(hiin. f. Union, cohefion. 

AGGLUTINATIVE, ag-gla"- ty- 
na-tiv'. a. That which has the 
power of procuring agglutination. 

To AGGRANDIZE, ag'-gran-dize. 
V. a. To make great, to enlarge, 
to exalt. 

di ze-ment. f. 'I'he llate of be:i^ 

AGGRANDIZER, ig'-gran-di"-zur. 
f. The perfon that makes another 

To AGGRAVATE, ag'-gra-vate. v. 
a. To make heavy, in a meta- 
phorical fenfe, as, to aggravate an 
accufation ; lo make any thing 

AGGRAVATION, ig-gra-v,V-lhun. 
f. The adt of aggravating ; the 
circumftances which heighten guilt 
or calamity. 

AGGREGATE, ag'-gie-gate. a. 
Framed by the colledion cf parti- 
cular parts into one mafs. 

AGGREG.\TE, ag'-gic-gate. f. 
The refult of the conjundion of 
many particulars. 

To AGGRiiGATE, a-'-gre-gate. v. 
a. • To colled together, to heap 
many particulars into one mafs. 

AGGREGATION, ag-gii-ga'-fliiin. 
i". 'I'he ad of collcding many 
ticclars into one whole ; the whole 
compofed by the colledion of m:r.~y \ 
partiiulars; ilate of beingcolledeu. 

To AGGRESS, ag-grcfs'. v. n. To 
commit the firfl ad of violence. 

AGGRESSION, ag-gres'-flu'in. f. - 
Commencement of a quarrel by j 
feme ad cf iniquity. ' 

AGGRESSOR, t'lg-grds'-fur. f. Ths 
aflaulter or invader, oppofcd to the 





AGGRIEVANCE, ig-grc-vans. f. 
Injury, wrong. 

To AGGRIEVE, ag-gre'vc. v. a. To 
give forrow, to vex ; to impofe, to 
hurt in one's right. 

To AGGROUP, ag-grop. v. a. To 
bring together into one figure. 

AGHAST, a-gaiV. a. Struck with 
horror, as at the fight of a fpeflre. 

AGILE, aj'-il. a. Nimble, ready, 

AGILENESS, aj'-fl-nefs. f. Nimble- 
nefs, quicknefs, aftivity. 

AGILITY, i-.ii.'-y-ty. f. Nimble- 
rel's, quicknefs, activity. 

To AGIST, a-jJft'. v. a. To take 
in and feed the cattle of flrangers 
in the king's foreft, and to gather 
the money. 

AGISTMENT, .ij'-i;I-iner,t. f. Com- 
pofition, or mean rate. 

AGITABLE, ij'-)'-tibl. f. That 
which mav be put in motion. 

To AGITATE, aj'-y-tate. v. a. To 
put in motion ; to afluate, to move; 
to aitefl with perturbation ; to 
bandy, to difcufs, to controvert. 

AGITATION, aj-y-ta-niun. f. The 
aft of moving any thing ; the ftate 
of being moved; difcuffion, con- 
troverfial examination ; perturba- 
tion, diflurbance of the thoughts ; 
deliberation, the Hate of being con- 
fulted upon. 

AGITATOR, aj'-y-ta-tur. f. He 
who manages affairs. 

AGLET, ag'-let. f. A tag of a 
point carved into fome reprefenta- 
tion of an animal ; the pendants 
at the ends of the chieves of 

AGMINAL, ag'-tpy-nal. a. Be- 
longing to a troop. 

AGNAIL, ag'-naL f. A whitlow. 

AGNATION, ag-na'-fhiin. f. De- 
fcent from the fame father, in a 
direft male line. 

AGNITION, ag-ni{h'-un. f. Ac- 

To AGNIZE, ag-ni'ze. v. a. To 
acknowledge; to own. 

AGNOMINATION, ag-r6m-m\- 
na'-fliun. f. Allufion cf one word 
to another. 

AGNUS CASTUS, ag'-nus-cis'-tus. 

f. The chafte tree. 
AGO, a-go. ad. Pad ; as, long 
ago ; that is, long time has pail 
AGOG, a-gog'. ad. In a Hate of 

AGOING, a-go'-Ing. a. In aftitn. 
AG ONE, a-goa'. ad. Ago, pr.(l. 
AGONISM, ag'-O-nizm. f. Con- 
icniion for a prize. 

AGONI3TE3, ug-u-nis'-tez. f. A 
prize-fighter, one that contends at 
a publick folemnitv for a piize. 

To AGONIZE, ag'-6-nize. v. n. 
To be in excelTive pain. 

AGONY, ag'-6-ny. f. The pangs 
of death ; any violent pain of body 
or mind. 

AGOOD, a-gud'. ad. In earned. 

To AGRACE, a-gra'fe. v. a. To 
grant favours to. 

AGRARIAN, a-gra'-ryan*. a. Re- 
lating to fields or grounds. 

To AGREASE, a-gre'ze. a. To 
daub, to greafe. 

To AGREE, a-grd'. v. n. To be 
in concord ; to yisld to ; to fettle 
terras by iHpuIation ; to fettle a 
price between buyer and feller ; to 
be of the fame mind or opinion ; to 
fuit with. 

AGREEABLE, a-gre'-.ibl. a. Suit- 
able to, confillent with ; pleafing. 

AGREEABLENESS, a-gre'-abl- 
nefs. f. Confiftency with, fuit- 
ablenefs to ; the quality of pleaf- 

AGREEABLY, a-gt4'-ab-ly. ad. 
Confidently with, in a manner fuit- 
able to. 

-AGREED, a-gre'd. particip. a. 
Settled by confent. 

AGREEINGNESS, a-gre'-ing-nefs. 
f. Confidence, fuitablenefs. 

AGREEMENT, a-grc-ment. f. 
Concord ; refemblance of one thing 
to another ; compaft, bargain. 

AGRICULl URE, ag'-ry-cul'-ture. 
f. Tillage, hufoanttry. 

AGRIMONY, ag'-r>-mun-ny. f. 
The name of a plant. 

AGROUND, i-grou'nd. ad. Strand- 
ed, hindered by the ground from 
pafling farther ; hindered in the 
ptogrefs of affairs. 

.AGUE, a'-gue. f. An intermitting 
fever, with cold £t^ fucccedcd by 

AGUED, a'-gi'i-ed. a. Struck with 
an ague, fhivering. 

AGUE-FIT, a'-gue-fit. f. Thepa- 
ro.vyfm of the ague. 

AGUE-PROOF, a'-giie-prof. a. 
Proof againft agues. 

AGUE-1 REE, 'a'-gue-tree. f. Saf- 

AGUISH, a-guiih. a. Having the 
qoalities of an ague. 

AGUiSHNESS, a'-gu-i(h-nefs. f. 
The quality of refembling an 
agire. i 

AH, a', interjeflion. A word not- 
ing fonietinies didike and cenfure ; 
mod frcquervtly, compaffion and 

.AHA', AHA', a-ha'-, a-ha'. inter- 
jeil. A word intimating triumph 
and contempt 

AHEAD, a-hca'. ad. Further on- 
ward than another. 

AHIGHT.a-hi' Aloft, on high. 

I'o AID, a'de. v a. To help, to 
fupport, to fuccour. 

AID, a'de. f. Help, fupport; in 
law, a fubfidy. 

.AID.ANCE, i'-dinfc, f. Help, fup- 

AIDANT, a'-dant. a. Helping, 

AIDER, a'-Qur. f. A helper, an ally, 

AIDLESS, ade-lefs. a. Helplcfs, 

AIGULET, a'-gu-iet. f. A point 
with tags. 

To AIL, a'le. V. a. To pain, to 
trouble, to give pain ; to adeft ia 
any manner, 

AIL, a'le. f. A difeafe. 

AILMENT, ale-ment. f. Pain, 

.AILING, u'le-ing. particip. a. Sickly. 

To AIM, a'm. V. a. To endeavour 
to drike with a miflive weapon ; to 
point the view, or direft the deps 
towards any thing, to endeavour to 
reach or obtain ; to guefs. 

AIM, a'm. f. The direflion of a 
mifille weapon ; thi point to which 
the thing thrown is direfted ; an 
intension, • a defign ; the objeft of 
adeiign; conjecture, gucfs. 

AIR, a'r. f. The element encom- 
pafling the earth ; a gentle g.ile ; 
mufick, whether light or ferious ; 
the mien, or manner, of the per- 
fon ; an afTefted or laboured man- 
ner or gedure ; appearance. 

To AIR, a'r. V. a. To expole to 
the air ; to take the air ; to warm 
by the fire. 

AIRBLADDER, ir'-bLW-dur. f. A 
bladder filled with air. 

AIRBUILT, a'r-bilt. a. Built in 
the air. 

AIR-DRAWN, a'r-dran. a. Fainted 
in air. 

AIRER, a'-riir. f. He that expofes 
to the air. 

AIRGUN, a'r-gun. f. A gun charged 
with air uidead of powder. 

AIRHOLE, ar-hc>le. f. A hole to 
admit air. 

AIRINESS, a'-r>'-nefs. f. ' Expo- 
fure to the air ; lightnefs, gaiety, 
levity. ' 

-AIRING, a'-ring. f. A ftort jaiunt. 

AIRLESS, a'r-lefs. a. • , Without- 
communication with the freeair. 

AIPvLING, ar-IIng. f, A youngs 

g^y }■; 





AIRPUMP, .Vr pump. f. A machine 
by whofe means ihe air is exhauft- 
ed out of proper veflels. 

AIRSHAFT, a'r-ftaft. f. A paf- 
faj;e for the air irvto nines. 

AIRY, a'-r)^. a. Compofed of air ; 
relating to the air ; high in air ; 
light as air; unfubllantial ; with- 
out reality, vain, trilling; gay, 
fprightly, full of mirth, lively, 
light of heart. 

AISLE, i'le. f. The walk in a 

AIT, :Vte. f. A fmall idand in a 

To AKE, a'ke. v. n. To feel a lafl- 
ing pain. 

AKIN, i-k{n'. a. Related to, allied 
to by blood. 

ALABASTER, al'-a-baf-tur. f. A 
kind of foft marble, eaficr to cut, and 
lefs durable, than the other kinds. 

ALABASTER, al'-a-baf-tur. a. Made 
of alabafter. 

ALACK, i-lak'. interjcft. Alas, an 
expreffion of forrow. 

ALACKADAY, a-lak'-a-da". inter- 
jedl. A word noting forrow and 

ALACRIOUSLY, a-lak'-ryusly. ad. 
Cheerfully, without dcjedion. 

ALACRITY, a - lak' - kry - tv'. f. 
Cheerfulnefs, fprightlinefs, gaiety. 

ALAMODE, al-i-mo'de. ad. Ac- 
cording to the faihion. 

ALAND, a-land'. ad. At land, 

ALARM, a-la'rm. f. A cry by which 
men are fummoned to their arms ; 
notice of any danger approach- 
ing ; a fpe<yes of clock ; any tu- 
mult or difturbance. 

To ALARM, a-Ia'rm. v. a. To call 
to arms ; to furprife with the appre- 
henfion of any danger; .to dillurb. 

ALARMBELL, a-li'rm-bell. f. The 
bell that is rung to give the alarm. 

ALARMING, J-lar-ming. parti- 
cip. a. Terrifying, awakening, 

ALARM I'OST, a-li'rm-p6ft f. The 
port appointed to each body of men 
to appear at. 

ALAS, a-lafs'. interjeft. A word 
exprefling lamentation ; a v/ord cf 

ALAS-A-DAY, a-lis'-i-da. ) 

ALAS-THE-DAY, 4-lis'-th5-d5. I 
Ah, unhappy d.iy ! 

ALATE, i-)d'te. ad. Lately. 

ALB, ilb' f. A furplice. 
ALBEIT, al-bc'.{t. ad. Although, 

ALBUGINEOUS, il-bl-jln'-yfis. a. 
Rcfembling an albugo. 

ALBUGO, :\l-bu'-g6. f. A difeafn 
in the eye, by which the cornea 
contrafls a whitenefs. 

ALCAHESr, al'-kd-he;l. f. An 
univerfal diflblvent. 

ALCAID, al-ca'd. f. The govern- 
ment of a caftle ; in Spain, the judge 
of a city. 

ALCANNA, -il-kin'-ni. f. An plant nfed in dying. 

ALCHYMIC-AL, al-klm'-my-kal. a. 
Relating to alchymy. 

ALCHYMICALLY, al-klm'-my- 
kal-ly. ad. in the manner of an 

ALCHYMIST, Jl'-ky-mill. f. One 
who purfues or profertes the fcience 
of alchymy. 

ALCHYMY. al'-ky-my. f. The 
more fublime chymillry, which 
propofes the tranfmutation of me- 
tals ; a kind of mixed metal ufed 
for fpoons. 

ALCOHOL, al'-ko-hul. f. A high 
reftified fpirit of wine. 

y-za'-fhun. f. The aft of alcoholi- 
zing or reilifvinp; fpirits. 

To ALCOHOLIZE, al-ko'-ho-lize. 
v. a. To reflify fpirits till they are 
wholly dephlegmated. 

ALCORAN, al'-ko-ran. f. The 
book of the Mahometan precepts 
and credenda. 

ALCOVE, al-ko've. f. A recefs, or 
part of a chamber, feparated by 
an eftrade, in which is placed a 
bed'of ftate. 

ALDER, al'-dur. f. A tree having 
leaves refembling thofe of the ha- 

ALDERLIEVEST, al -der-li'-vcll. 
a. Beft and longed beloved. 

ALDERMAN, ai'-dur-man. f. The 
fame as fenator, a governour or 

ALDERMANLY, al'-dur-man-Iy. 
ad. Like an alderman. 

ALDERN, a'l-durn. a. Made of 

ALE, i'le. f. A liquor made by in- 
fufing malt in hot water, and then 
fermenting the liquor. 

ALEBERHY, a'le-ber-ry. f. A be- 
verage made by boiling ale with 
fpice and fugar, and fops of 

ALEBREWER, a'le-bro-ur. f. One 
that profefTes to brew ale. 

ALECONNER, ale-kon-nur. f. An 
officer in the city of London, whofc 
bufinefs is to infpedt the meafures 
of publick houfes. 

ALECOSI", a'le-koll. f. The name 
of an herb. 

ALEGAR., al'-lc gur. f. Sour ale. 
ALE HOOF, a'lo-hof. f. Ground- 

A tip- 

ALEHOUSE. 4'le-houfe. f. 

ALEHOUSEKEEPER. a'le-houfe- 

kc'-pur. f. He that keeps ale pub- 

lickly to fell. 
ALEKNlGIir, a le-nlte. f. A pot 

companion, a tippler. Obfolete. 
ALEAiBlCK, a-Iem'-bi'k. f. A vef- 

fel ufed in diilillinjj. 
ALENGTH, a-lenk'th. ad. At full 

ALERT, a-lert'. a. Watchful, vi- 
gilant ; briflc, pert, petulant. 
ALERTNESS, i-lert'-nefs. f. The 

quality of being alert, pertnefs. 
ALE-VAT, alxh. n. f. The tub 

in which the ale is fermented. 
ALEWASHED, a'le-wofht. a. Soak- 
ed in ale. 
ALEWIFE, ale-wife. f. A woman 

that keeps an alehoufe. 
ALEXANDERS, ai"-lcgz-an'-ders. f. 

The name of a plant. 
ALEXANDERS FOOf, il"-l^gz- 

an'-dcrs-fut. f. The name of an 

ALEXANDRINE, al-legz-in'-drln. 

f. A kind of verfe borrowed from 

the French, firil ufed in a poem 

called Alexander. This verfe con- 

fills of twelve fyllables. 
ALEXIPHARMICK, i-lek-f^-''^'''- 

mi'k. a. That which drives away 

poifon, antidotal. 
ALEXITERICAL, a-Iek-fy-tct'- 


a. That which drives avvay poifon. 
ALGATES, a'i-gates. ad. On any 

terms; although. Obfolete. 
ALGEBRA, al'-jc-bra. f. A pecu- 
liar kind of arithmetick. 


Relating to algebra. 
ALGEBRAIST, al-je-brl'-ift. f. A 

pcrfon that underflands or praiilifes- 

the fcience of algebra. 
ALGID, al'-jlJ. a. Cold, chill. 
ALGIDITY, al-jid'-dy-t>'. f. Chil- 

nefs, cold. 
ALGIFICK, :\l-jlf'-f!k. a. That 

which produces cold. 
ALGOR, Al'-gAr. f. Extreme cold, 

ALGORISM, Al'-gi-r!zm. > , 
ALGORITHM, al'-gO-riihrn. f '• 

Arabick words ufed to imply the 

fcience of numbers. 
ALIAS, a'-lyis. ad. A Latin word 

fignifying otherwife. 


L, a-Iek-fy-tci'- T 

a-lck-fy-ter'-rik. j 
drives avvay poifon. 
;ates. ad. On any 
h. Obfolete. 
e-bra. f. A pecu- 

la or arithmetick. 

lAICAL, il-je-bra'-;- 1 

lAlCK, ;\I-jl-brS'-lk. $ 




ALrBLF,, .^I'-lib!. a. Nutritive, 

ALIEN, a'-))en. a. Foreign, or not 
of the fame family or land ; eftran- 
ged from, not allied to. 

ALIEN, a- 1) en. f. A foreigner, not 
a deiiifon, a ftranger ; in law, an 
alien is one born in a ftrange coun- 
try, and never enfranchifed. 

To ALIEN, a'-lyen. v. a. Vid. 

ALIENABLE, a'-lye-nAbl. a. That 
of which the property may be tranf- 

To ALIENATE, a'-lyc-nate. v. a. 
To transfer the property of any 
thing to another; to withdraw the 
heart or affcClions. 

ALIEN Al'E, a-iye-nate. a. With- 
drawn f-om, llranger to. 

ALIENATION, a-lye-na'-/hi'm. f. 
The 1l& of transferring property ; 
the ilate of being alienated ; charge 
of affeiftion. 

To ALIGHT, a-li't. v. a. To come 
down ; to fall upon. 

ALIKE, a-li'ke. ad. With refem- 
blance, in the fame manner. 

ALIMENT, al'-ly-ment. f. Nou- 
rilhment, nutriment, food. 

ALIMENTAL, al-ly-tr.en'-til. a. 
That which has the quality of ali- 
inent, that which nouri(h?s. 

ALIMENTARINESS, al-ly-men'- 
ta-ry-nefs. f. The quality of be- 
ing alimentary. 

That which belongs to aliment ; 
that which has the power of nou- 

ALIMENTATION, al-iy-men-ta'- 
fliun. f. The quality of nourifh- 

ALIMONIOU3, al-ly-mo-nyus. a. 
That which nourifhes. 

ALIMONY, al'-ly-mun-ny. f. Le- 
gal jjroportion of the hulband's 
eftate, which, by the fentence of 
the ecclefiaftical court, is allowed to 
the wife, upon the account of fe- 

ALIQUANT, al'-ly-quant. a. Parts 
of a number, which, however re- 
peated, will never make up the 
number exadlly ; as, three is an 
aliquant of ten, thrice three be- 
ing nine, four times three making 

ALIQUOT, al'-ly-quot. a. Aliquot 
parts of any number or quantity, 
fuch as will exactly meafure it with- 
out any remainder : a;, three is an 
aliquot part of twelve. 

ALISH, a'-llfh. a. Refembling ale. 

ALIVE, a-li've. a. In the lute of 

life ; not dead ; unextinguifhed, 
undeftroyed, adive ; cheerful, 
fprightly ; it is ufed to add an 
emphafis, as, the bell man alive. 
ALKAHEST, al'-ka-hclh f. An 

univerfal diflblvent, a liquor. 
ALKALESCENT, ai-k.i-le='-sent. a. 
That which has a tendency to the 
properties of an alkali. 
ALKALI, al'-ka-ly. f. Any fub- 
liance, which, when mingled with 
acid, produces fermentation. 
ALKALINE, al'-ka-line. a. That 
which has the qualities of al- 
To ALKALIZATE, al-kil'-ly-zate. 

V. a. To make alkaline. 
ALKALIZATE, al-kil'-ly-zate. a. 
That which has the qualities of 
ALK ALIZ ATION, :\I -kk-\f- zd'- 

fliun. f. The aft of alkalizating. 
ALKANET, al'-ka-net. f. The 

name of a plant. 
ALKERMES, al-ker'-mez. f. A 
confedion whereof the kermes ber- 
ries are the bafis. 
ALL, a'l. a. The whole number ; 
every one ; the whole quantity, 
every part. 
ALL, a'l. f. The whole j every 

ALL, a'l. ad. Quite, completely ; 

altogether, wholly. 
ALL-br.ARING. a"i- be'-n'ng. a. 

ALL-CHEERING, a"l-tftc'-ring. a. 

^1 hat which gives gaietv to all. 
ALL-CONQUERING a 'l-c6nk'-ke- 
ring. a. That which fubdues every 
ALL -DEVOURING, a"l-de-vou'- 
ring. a. That which eats up every 
ALLFOURS, a'l-f6"rz. f. A low 

game at cards, played by two. 
ALL-H.AIL, a'l-hal. f. All health. 
ALL-HALLOWN, a'l-hal-lun. f. 

The time about All-faints day. 
ALL-HALLOWriDE, a'l-hal'-lo- 
tide. f. The term near Ail-laints, 
or the firft of November. 
ALL-HEAL, al-he"l. f. A fpecies 

of iron-wort. 
ALL-JUDGING, a"l-jud'-jing. _ a. 
That which has the fovereign right 
of judgment. 
.•\LL-KNOWING, a"l-no-{ng. a. 

Omnifcient, all-wife. 
ALL-SAINTS DAY, al-fa'nts-da. f. 
The day on which there is a gene- 
ral celebration of all the faints. 
The firft of November. 
ALL-SEER, a'l-fe'-ur. f. He that 
fees or beholds all things. 

ALL-SEEING, a"l-5e'-ing. a. That 

beholds every thing. 
ALL-SOULS DAY, a"l-fo'lz-da'. f. 
The day on which fupplications are 
made for all fouls by the church of 
Rome, the fecond of November. 
ALL-SUFFICIENT, a"l-fuf-filh'- 

ent. a. Sufficient to every thing. 
ALL-WISE, a'l-wi'ze. a. ' Pofleit of 

infinite wifdom. 
To ALLAY, al-la . v. a. To mi>; 
one metal with another, to make it 
filter forcoinage ; to join any thing 
to another, fo as to abate its qua- 
lities ; to quiet, to pacify, to re- 
ALLAY, al-la'. f. The metal of a 
bafer kind mixed in coins, to har- 
den them, that they may wear lefs ; 
any thing which, being added, 
abates the predominant qualities 
of that with which it is mingled. 
ALLAYER, al-la-ur. f. The per- 
fon or thing which has the power 
or quality of allaying. 
ALLAYMENT, al-la'-ment. f. That 

which has the power of allaying. 
ALLEGATION, .-il-lc-ga-niun. f. 
Affirmation, declaration ; the thing 
alleged or affirmed ; an excufe, a 
To ALLEGE, al-leJzh'. v. a. To 
affirm, to declare, to maintain ; to 
plead as an excufe or argument. 
ALLEGEABLE, al-leJzh'-Abl. 3. 

That which may be alleged. 
ALLEGEMENT, al-ledzh'^-mcnl. f. 

The fame with allegation. 
ALLEGER, al-ledzh'-iir. f. He that 

ALLEGIANCE, il-Ie'-jans. f. The 
duty of fubjcifis to the government. 
ALLEGIANT, al-ld'-jant. a. Loyal, 
conformable to the duty of alle- 
ALLEGORICK, al-le-gor'-rlk. a. 

Not real, not literal. 
ALLEGORICAL, al-16-gor'-ri-kaI. 
a. In the form of an allegory, not 
ALLEGORICALLY, al-le-gor'-rl- 
kal-ly. ad. After an allegorical 
To ALLEGORIZE, ar-le-g6-rl"ze. 
V. a. To turn into allegory, to 
form an allegory. 
ALLEGORY, al'-lc-gur-ry. f. A 
figurative difcourfc, in which fome- 
thing other is intended, than is 
contained in the words literally 
.•ALLEGRO, al-le'-gr6. f. A word 
denoting in mufick a fprightly mo- 
tion. It originally means gay, as 
in Milton. 





ALLELUJAII, A!-li-16'-yJ. f. A 
word of I'piritual exultaticn, ufed 
in hvmn? ; Fraife God. 

To ALLEVIATE, il-lc'-vyAte. v. a. 
To make light, to eafe, to foften. 

ALLEVIATION, il-le-vya'-lhun. f. 
The aft of making light ; that by 
uhich any pain is eafed, or fault 

ALLEY, al'-ly. f. A walk in a 
garden ; a partage in towns nar- 
rower than a rtreet. 

ALLIANCE, al-li'-ins. f. Theftate 
of conncflion with another by con- 
federacy, a league ; relation by 
marriage ; relation by any form of 

- kindred ; the perfons allied to each 

ALLICIENCY, :\l-le'-fyen-fy. f. The 
power of attrafling. 

To ALLIGATE, al'-ly-gate. v. a. 
To tie one thing to another. 

ALLIGATION, al-ly-ga'-niiin. f. 
The aft of tying together; the 
arithmetical rule that teaches to ad- 
juft the price of compounds, formed 
of fcveral ingredients of different 

ALLIGATOR, al'-ly-gl-tur. f. The 
crocodile. This name is chiefly 
ufed for the crocodile of America. 

ALLIGATURE, al-!ig'-a-ture. f. 
The link, or ligature, by which 
two things are joined together. 

ALLISION, al-llzh'-un. f. The aft 
of flriking one thing againft an- 

ALLITERATION, al-lh'-te-ra-mun. 
f. When feveral words of the fame 
verfe begin with the fame letter, 
it is called, by the criticks, allitera- 

ALLOCATION, :i!-!oka'-(hun. f. 
The aft of putting one thing to 
another ; the admiflion of an ar- 
ticle in reckoning, and addition of 
it to the account. 

ALLOCUTION, al-l<Vku'-(hun. f. 
The aft of fpeakirg to another. 

ALLODIAL, al-:(V-dyul. a. Not 
feudal, independent. 

ALLODIUM, il-i6'-d\iim. f. I'of- 
felfion held in abfolute independ- 
ence, without any acknowledgment 
of a lord paran.ourt. There are 
no allodial lands in England. 
ALLONGE, al-liindzh'. f. A pafs 

or thrull with a rapier. 
To ALLOO, al-lu'. V. a. To fet 

on, to incite. 
ALLOQUY, ai'-l'j-kivy. f. The aft 

of ipcaking to another. 
To ALLO r, al-lol'. v: a. To dif- 
tributc by lot; to grant; to diflri- 
butCj to give each hit (bare. 

ALLOTMENT, M-16t'-m^nt. f. The 

part, the flnre. 
ALLOTTERY, Al-l6t'-te-ry. f. That 
which is granted to any in a diftri- 
To ALLOVv^, al-low'. v. a. To 
admit; to grant, to yield ; to per- 
mit ; to give to, to pay to ; to 
make abatement. 
ALLOWABLE, al-low'-abl. a. That 
which may be admitted without 
contradiftion ; lawful, not forbid- 
ALLOWAELENESS, al-low'-abl- 
nefs. f. Lawfulnefs, exemption 
from prohibition. 
ALLOWANCE, al-low'-ans.f. Sanc- 
tion, liceiice; permifTion ; an ap- 
pointment for ary ufe ; abatement 
from the ilrift rigour ; a fum grant- 
ed weekly or yearly, as a ftipend. 
ALLOY, il-loy'. f. Bafer metal mix- 
ed in coinage; abatement, dimi- 
To ALLUDE, al-lude. v. n. To 
have fome reference to a thing, 
without the direft mention. 
ALLUMINOR, al -lu'-m> - nur. f. 
One who colours or points upon 
paper or parchment. 
To ALLURE, al-luje. v. a. To en- 
tice to any thing. 
ALLUREMENT, ;\l-lu're-ment. f. 

Flnticemcnr, temptation. 
ALLURER, al-lu'-riir. f. Enticer, 


ALLURINGLY, al lii'-ring-ly. ad. 

Ill an alluring manner, enticingly. 

ALLURINGNESS, al-hV-ring-nefs. 

f. Enticement, temptation by pro- 

pofing pleafure. 

ALLUSION, al-lu'-zhun. f. A hint, 

an implication. 
ALLUSIVE, al-lii'-siv. a. Hinting 

at fomething. 
ALLUSIVELY, aUlu -siv-Iy. ad. In 

an allufive manner. 
ALLUSIVENESS, al-liV-siv-nefs. f. 

The quality of being allufive. 
ALLUVION, al-UV-vyun. f. The 
carrying of any thing to fomething 
elfe by the n:otion of the water ; 
the thing carried by water. 
To .\LLY, al-l\". V. a. To unite by 
kindred, frienddiip, or confedera- 
cy; to make a relation between 
two things. 
ALLY, al-ly'. f. One united to fome 
other by marriage, frjendftiip, or 
ALMACAN TER, al-ma-can'-tur. f. 
A circle drawn parallel to the ho- 
cin'-lurz-ftif. f. An inftrument 

ufed to take obfcrvations of the 
fun, about the time of its rifingand 
ALMANACK, ul-mi-nak. f. A ca- 
ALM.'\NDINE, u'l-man-dine. f. A 
ruby, coarfer and lighter than the 
ALMIGHTINESS, il-mi'- t\'-ni-s. f. 
Omnipotence, one of the attributes 
of God. 
ALMIGHTY, al-mi'-ty. a. Of un- 
limited power, omnipotent. 
ALMOND, a'-mund. f. The nut of 

the almond-tree. 
ALMOND-TREE, i'-mund-trc. f. 
It has leaves and flowers very like 
thofe of the peach-tree. 
ALMONDS, a-mundz. f. The two 

gLnds of the throat; the tonfils. 
ALMONER, ai'-m6-ncr. f. The of- 
ficer of a prince, employed in the 
diflributicn of charitv. 
ALMONRY, al'-mun'-ry. f. The 

place where alms are dillributed. 
ALMOST, al-moiL ad. Nearly, 

well nigh. 
ALMS, a'mz. f. What is given in 

relief of the poor. 
ALMSBASKET, a'mz -baf- kit. f. 
The bafket in which provifions are 
put to be given away. 
ALMSDEED, amz-ded. f. A cha- 
ritable gift. 
ALMSGIVER, amz-giv-iir. f. _ He 

that fupports others by his charity. 
ALMSHOUSE, a'mz-hous. f. An 

hofpiial for the poor. 
ALMSMAN, a mz-man. f. A man 

who lives upon alms. 
ALMUG-TREE, al'-mug-trc. f. A 

tree mentioned in fcripture. 
ALNAGAR, al'-r.a-gar. f. A mea- 
furer by the ell ; a fworn officer, 
wliofe bufinefs formerly was to in- 
fpeft the aflize of woollen cloth. 
ALNAGE, ai'-naje. f. Ell-mea- 

ALNIGHT, a'l-nit. f. AInight is 
a great cake of wax, with the wick 
in the midil. 
ALOES, al'-o-cz. f. A precious wood 
ufed in the Eall for perfumes, of 
which the bell fort is of higher 
price than gold ; a tree which grows 
in hot countries ; a medicinal juice 
extrafted from the common aloes 
ALOETICAL, al-o-ct'-y-kal. a. 

Confining chiefly of aloes. 
ALOFT, a-la'ft. ad. On high, in 

the air. 
ALOFT, a-ld'ft. prep. Above. 
ALOGY, al'-o-jy. f. Unreafonable- 
t\e[s; abfurdity. 



A M A 

A M A 

ALONE, a-Ione. K. Single; with- 
out company, folitary. 

ALONG, a-long'. ad. At length ; 
through any fpace meafured length- 
wife ; forward, onward j in com- 
pany with. 

ALOOF, a-16'f. ad. At a diflance. 

ALOUD, a-loud'. ad. Loudly, with 
a gre.1t noife. 

ALOW, ;\-lo . ad. In a low place, 
not aloft. 

ALPHA, al'-fi. f. The (irlt letter 
in the Greek alphabet, anfwering 
to our A ; therefore ufed to fignify 
the fira. 

ALPHABET, al'-fa-bet. f. The 
letters, Or elements of fpeech. 

ALPHABETICAL, iUfa-bei'-ty-kil. 
a. According to the feries of let- 

ALPHABETICALLY, aUfa-bet'-ty- 
kal-ly. ad. According to the or- 
der of the letters. 

ALREADY, al-rc.r-dy''. ad. At this 
prefent time ; before the prefent. 

ALS, als'. ad. Alfo. 

ALSO, a'l-f6. ad. In a manner, 

ALTAR, a'l-tur. f. The place where 
ofierings to heaven are laid ; the 
table in Chrillian churches where 
the communion is adminillered. 

ALTARAGE, ; f. An 
emolument from oblations at the 

ALTAR-CLOTH, al-tur-cloth. f. 
The cloth thrown over the altar in 

To ALTER, A'l-tur. v. a. To change, 
to make otherwife than it is. 

To ALTER, a l-ii'ir. v. n. To be- 
come otherwife than it was, to be 
changed, to fufter change. 

ALTERABLE, a'1-te-iibl. a. That 
which mav be altered or changed. 

ALTERABLENESS, a'i-te-rabl- 
rcs. f. The quality of being al- 

ALTERABLY, il'-te-rab-ly. ad. In 
fuch a manner as may be altered. 

AL^ ERANT, al-te-n\nt. a. That 
whith has the power of producing 

ALTERATION, al-te-ra -duin. f. 
The ail of altering or changing ; 
the change made. 
■. Ll'ERATl VE, ul'-te-ia-tiv. a. Me- 
dicines called alterative, are fuch as 
have no immediate fenfible opera- 
tion, but gradually gain upon the 
conllitution. , 

ALTERCATION, ai-ter-ka-Mn. f. 
Debate, coniroverfy. 
• ALi'ERN, iVl-ici'n. a. Afting by 


ALTERNACY, il-ter'-n.i-f/. f. Ac- 
tion performed by turns. 

ALTERN.ATE, al-ier'-nat. a. Ee- 
int; by turns, reciprocal. 

To ALTERNATE, al-ter'-nite. v. a. 
To perform alternately ; to charge 
one thing for another recipro- 

ALTERNATELY, il-tdr'-nit-!f ad. 
In recinroca! fucceffion. 

ALTERN ATENESS, al - ter'- nat - 
nc;. f. The quality of being alter- 
nate. ^ 

ALTERNATION, a!-ter-na'-(hun. f. 
The reciprocal fucceflion of things. 

ALTERN.'^TIVE, a!-ter'-na-iii-. f. 
The choice given of two things, fo 
that if one be rejected, the other 
muft be taken. 

ALTERN ATH'ELY, ai-tei'-na-tiv- 
ly. ad. By turns, reciprocally. 

ALTERN ATIVENESS, il-ter'-r,a- 
tiv-nt!-s. f. The quality or llate of 
being alternative. 

ALTERNITY, a!-ter'-ni-ty. f Re- 
ciprocal fucceff.i^r, viciflitude. 

ALTHOUGH, a:-th6'. conj. Kot- 
withdanding, however. 

f. Pompous language. 

ALTIMETRY, al-tim'-me-'ry. f. 
The art of taking or meafuring al- 
titudes or heights. 

ALTISONANT, al-tis'-so-nant. 7 

ALTISONOUS, al-tis'-so-nus. { 
a. High founding, lofty in found. 

ALTITUDE, al'-ty-tiid. f. Height 
of place, fpace meafured upward; 
the elevation of any of the heaven- 
ly bodies above the horizon; fitua- 
tion with regard to lower things ; 
height ofexcellence ; highell point. 

ALTIVOLANT, al-tiv'-v6-Iant. a. 
High flying. 

ALTOGETHER, al-to-geth'-er. ad. 
Completely, without reftriction, 
without exception, 

ALUDEL, a!'-u-del. f. Aludelsare 
fubliming pots ufed in chemiftry, 
fitted into one another without lu- 

ALUM, al'-lum. f. A kind of mi- 
neral fait, of an acid tsfle. 

ALUM-STONE, il'-liim-fi'jne. f. 
A ilone or calx ufed in furgery. 

ALUMINOUS, .\l-!um'-m}-nu3. a. 
Relating to alum, or CO.. filling of 

ALWAYS, al-waz. ad. Perpetual- 
ly, throughout all time ; conllant- 
ly, without variation. 

AM, am'. The firll perfon of the 
verb To be. 

AMABILITY, a-ma-bii' -ly-iy. f. 

lAMADETTO, a-ma-det'to. f. A 
fort of pear. 

AI^LADOT, am'-i-dot. f. A fort 
of pear. 

AM.AIN, a-ma'n. ad. With vehe- 
mence, with vigour. 

AM.\LGAM, a-mil'-gam. 7 f 

AMALGAMA, a-mal'-ga-ma. J 
The mixture of metals procured by 

AMALGAMATION, a-mal-ga-ma'- 
ftiin. f. The afl or praftice of 
amalgamating metals. 

To AMALGAMATE, a-mil'-ga- 
matc. v. n. To unite metals with 

AMANDATION, a-min-da'-(hiin. 
f. The a^l of fending on a meflage. 

AMANUENbIS, a-min-u-en'-sis. f. 
A perfon who writes what another 

AMARANTH, Jm'-a-ranth. f. The 
name of a jjlant ; in poetry, an 
imaginary flower unfading. 

AMARANTHINE, am-a-ian'-triin. 
a. Confifiing of am.aranths. 

AMARITUDE, a-mar'-;y-tud. f. 

AMASMENT, a-mSs'-ment. f. A 
heap, an accumulation. 

To AMASS, a-mas'. v. a. To col- 
left together into one heap or mafs ; 
to add one thing to another. 

To AM.\TE, i-ma tc. v. n. To ter- 
rify, to 111 ike with horrour. 

AM.\TORY, am'-a-tur-ry. a. Relat- 
ing to love. 

AM.VUROSIS, i-ma-ro'-sis. f. A 
dimnefs of fight, not from any vi- 
fible defeft in the eye, but from 
fome dillemperature in the inner 
parts, cccafioning the reprefenta- 
ticns of flies and duft floating be- 
fore the eyes. 

To AAIAZE, a-inaze. v. a. To 
confufe with terror; to put into 
confuficn with wonder; to put into 

AMAZE, a-ma'ze. f. AConiftiment, 
confuficn, either of fear or wonder. 

AMAZEDLY, amaz-en -1)'-. ad. 
Confufedly, with amazement. 

AMAZEDNESS, a-maz-cd-nes. f. 
The Hate of being amazed, wonder, 

AMAZEMENT, a-maz-raent. f. 
Confufed apprehenfion, extreme 
fear, horrour ; extreme dejection ; 
height of admiration ; wonder at 
an unexpefted event. 

AMAZING, a-maz-lng. part. a. 
Wonderful, allonilhing. 

AMAZINGLY, A-maz-ing-l)''. ad. 
To a degree that may excite afto- 





AMAZON, Am'-i-zi'in. f. The Ama- 
zons were a race of women famous 
for valour ; a virago. 

AMBAGES, am-b,\'-gez. f. A circuit 
of words, a multiplicity of words. 

AMBASSADE, am-bif-sa'de. f. Em- 
bafTy. Not in ufe. 

AMBASSADOUR, am-bas'-sa-dur. 
f. A pcrfon fent in a publick man- 
ner from one fovereign power to 

AMBASSADRESS, im-bas'-sj-dres. 
f. The lady of an ambaffadour; a 
woman fent on a meflage. 

AMBASSAGE, im'-baf-saje. An 

AMBER, am'-biir. f. A yellow tranf- 
parent fubftance of a gummous or 
bituminous confiftence. 

AMBER, im'-Lur. a. Confiding of 

AMBER-DRINK, am'-bur-diink'. f. 
Drink of the colour of amber. 

A.MBERGRIS, .im'-bur-gris. f. A 
fragrant drug that melts almoft like 
wax, ufcd both as a perfume and 
a cordial. 

A.MBER-SEED, am'-bur-fed. f. Re- 
fcmbles millet. 

AMBERTREE, am'-bur-tre. f. A 
Ihrub whofe beauty is in its fmall 
evergreen leaves. 

AMBIDEXTER, am-by-dex'-ter. f. 
A man who has equally the ufe of 
both his hands ; a man who is 
equally ready to aft on either fide, 
in party difputes. 

tcr'iy-ty. f. The quality of being 
able equally to ufe both hands ; 
double dealing. 

AMBIDEXTROUS, am-by-dex'- 
triis. a. Having, with equal faci- 
lity, the ufe of cither hand ; double 
dealing, praflifing on both fides. 

dd\'-truf-nes. f. The quality of 
being ambidextrous. 

AMBIENT, Jm'-byent. a. Surround- 
ing, encompading. 

AMBIG!J, am'-b^-gi. f. An enter- 
t:iinment, confifting of a medley of 

AMBKiUITY, :'im-by-giV-i-t)'-. f 
Doubtfulnefs of meaning; uncer- 
tainty of fignification. 

AMBIGUOUS, am - big'- u- us. a. 
Doubtful, having two meanings ; 
ufing doubtful exprefiions. 

AMBIGUOUSLY, im-big'-u-iif-lf 
ad. In an ambiguous manner, 

AMBIGUOUSNESS, im-big'-u-uf- 
nes. f. Uncertainty of meaning ; 
duplicity of fignification. 

AMBILOGY, Am-bll'-l6-j)'-. f. Talk 

of ambiguous fignification. 
AMBILOQLTOUS, Hm-bil'-lo-kwus. 

a. Ufing ambiguous e\preflions. 
AMBIT, am'-bit. f. The compafs 

or circuit of any thing. 
AMBITION, am-bllh'-un. f. The 

defire of preferment or honour ; 

the defire of any thing great or ex- 
AMBITIOUS, am-bi(h'-us. a. Seized 

or touched with ambition, defirous 

of advancement, afpiilng. 
AMBITIOUSLY, im-balh'-uf-l^. ad. 

With eagernefs of advancement or 


f. The quality of being ambitious. 
AMBITUDE, am'-b:f-tude. f. Com- 
pafs, circuit. 
To AMBLE, am'bl. v. n. To move 

upon an amble, to pace; to move 

eafily ; to walk daintily. 
AMBLE, am'bl. f. An eafy pace. 
.-AMBLER, am'-blur. f. A pacer. 
AMBLINGLY, am'-bllng ly. ad. 

With an ambling mo\ement. 
AMBROSIA, am-bro'-Iha. f. The 

imaginary food of fhe gods; the 

name of a plant. 
AMBROSIAL, am-bro-Ml. a. Par- 
taking of the nature or qualities of 

ambrofia; delicious. 
AMBRY, am'-bry. f. The place 

where alms are difiributed ; the 

place where plate, and uteniils for 

houfckeepine, are kept. 
AMBS-ACE, um'z-afe. f. A double 

ace, aces. 
AMBUL.ATION, am-bu-la'-Mn. f. 

The aft of walkinp. 
AMBULATORY, .im"-bu-U-tur'-ry'. 

a. That which has the power or 

faculty of walking. 
AMBURY, am'-bu'-ry. f. A bloody 

wart on a horfe's body. 
AMBUSCADE, am'-buf-ka'de. f. A 

private ftation in which men lie to 

furprife others. 
AMBUSCADO, am-buf-ka'-d6. f. 

A private poll:, in order to furprife. 
AMBUSH, am'-bu(h. f. The pod 

where foldiersor aflTafiins are placed, 

in order to fall unexpcftedly upon 

an enemy ; the aft of furprifing 

another, by lying in wait ; theftate 

of lying in wait. 
AMBUSHED, im'-bulh-^d. a. Placed 

in ambiifli. 
AMBUSHMENT, im'-bufh-ment. f. 

Ambufh, furprife. 
AMBUSTION, am-bus-tnii'in. f. A 

burn, a fcald. 
AMEL, am'-mel. f. The matter 

with which the variegated works 

are overlaid, which we call en- 

AMEN, i-m^n'. ad. A term ufed 
in de-.'otions, by which, at the end 
of a prayer, wcmcan, fo be it; at 
the end of a creed, fo it is. 

AMENABLE, a-me -nabl. a. Re- 
fponfible, fubjeft fo as to be liable 
to account. 

AMENANCE, a-me'-nans. f. Con- 
duft, behaviour. 

To AMEND, :\-mcnd'. v. a. To cor- 
reft, to change any thing that is 
wrong; to reform the life; to re- 
flore paflages in writers which the 
copiers are fuppofed to have de- 

To AMEND, a-mcnd'. v. n. To 
grow better. 

AMENDMENT, a-mend'-ment. f. 
A change from bad for the better ; 
reformation of life ; recovery of 
health ; in law, the correction of an 
errour committed in a procefs. 

AMENDER, a-men'-di'ir. f. The 
perfon that amends any thing. 

AMENDS, a-m4nd'z. f. Recom- 
pence, compenfation. 

AMENITY, i-mcn'-nl-ty. f. Agree- 
ablenefs of fituation. 

AMENTACEOUS, a-men-ta'-ftius. 
a. Hanging by a thread. 

To AMERCE, a-mer'fe. v. a. To 
puni(h with a fine or penalty. 

AMERCER, a-mer'-fer. f. He that 
fets a fine upon any mifdemeanour. 

AMERCEMENT, i-mer'f-ment. f. 
The pecuniary punifhment of an 

AMES-ACE, a'mz-a'ce. f. Two aces 
thrown at the fame time on two 

AMETHODICAL, a-mfe-ih6d'-^- 
kal. a. Out of method, irregu- 

AMETHYST, am'-fc-thllt. f. A pre- 
cious Hone of a violet colour, bor- 
dering on purple. 

AMETHYSITINE, am-e-thls'-tln. 
a. Refembling an amethyft. 

AMIABLE, i'-myibl. a. Lovely, 
pleafing, worthy to be loved ; pre- 
tending love, fhewing love. 

AMIABLENESS, a-myabl-nes. f. 
Lovelinefs, power of raifing love. 

AMIABLY, a'-myib-ly. ad. in fuch 
a manner as to excite love. 

AMICABLE, am'-my-kabl. a. 
Friendly, kind. 

AMICABLE, MESS, am'-my-kab:- 
nes. f. Friendlinefs, goodwill. 

AMICABLY, am'-m>'-kib-ly. ad. In 
a friendly way. 

AMICE, am'-mJs. f. The firft or 
undermoft part of a pricll's habit. 




AMID, i-miM'. ) prep. In the 

AMIDST, ^-rnid'ft. f n.idft,middle; 
mingled with, furrounded by ; 
AMISS, A-mh'. ad. Faultily, cri- 
minally ; wrong, not according to 
the perfedion of the thing ; im- 
paired in health. 
AMISSION, a-mfs'-ftun. f. Lofs. 
To AMIT, a-mi;'. v. a. To lofe. 
AMiry, ani'-mi-l)-. f. Friendfliip. 
AMMONIAC, am-mo-nyak. f. A 

gum, a fait. 
Having the properties of ammoniac 

AMMUNITION, am-mu-nifli'-un. f. 
Military lloref. 

ni/h'-i'in-bred'. f. Bread for the fup- 
ply of armies. 

AMNES 1 Y, am'-nef-ty. f. An ad 
of oblivion. 

AMNION, am'-nyon. ) f. Theinner- 

AMNIOS, am'-nyos. J moft mem- 
brane with which the foetus in the 
womb is immediately covered. 

AMOMUM, a-mo'-mum. f. A fort 
of fruit. 

AMONG, a-mung'. Jprep.Min- 

AMONGST, a-mungft'. J gledwith; 
conjoined with others, fo as to 
make part of the number. 

AMORIST, am'o-rlll.f. An inamo- 
rato, a gallant. 

AMOROSO, am-o-ro'-so. f. An 
amorous man. 

AMOROUS, am'-ur-us. a. Ena- 
moured ; naturally incli.ied to love, 
fond ; belonging to love. 

AMOROUSLY, am'-iir-us-ly. ad. 
Fondly, lovingly. 

AMOROUSNESS, am'-ur-iif-nes. f. 
Fondnefs, lovingnefs. 

AMORT, a-mort. ad. Deprelled, 

ty-za'-fliun. ( - 

AMORTIZEMENT, a mor'- f '• 
tiz-ment. J 

The right or aft of transferring 
lands to mortmain. 

To AMORTIZE, a-mar'-tlze. v. n. 
To alien lands or tenements to any 

To AMOVE, a-mo ve. v. a. To re- 
move from a poll or ftation ; to re- 
move, to move, to alter. 

To AMOUNT, a mou'nt. v. n. To 
rife to, in the accumulative qua- 

AMOUNT, 4-mou'nt. f. The fum 

AMOUR, i-mo'r. f. An affair of 
gallantry, an intrigue. 

AMPHIBIOUS, .W-fib'-yus. a. That 

which can live in two elements. 
AM_PHIBIOUSNESS, im-flb'-yuf- 
nes. f. The quality of being able 
to live in different elements. 

I6dzh'-y-kal. a. Doubtful. 

AMPHIBOLOGY, am-fy-bol'-o-iy. 
f. Difcourfe of uncertain meaning. 

AMPHIBOLOUS, im-f in'- bo-li'i:. 
a. Toffed from one to another. 

AMPHISB^NA, .im-flf-be-na. f. A 
ferpent fuppofed to have two heads. 

AMPHITHEATRE,am-fy-tl-,e' atre. 
f. A building in a circular or oval 
form, having its area encompaffed 
with rows of feats one above an- 

AMPLE, am'-pl. a. Large, wide, 
extended; great in bulk; unlimit- 
ed, without reftriftion ; liberal, 
large, without parfimony ; diftu- 
five, not contrafted. 

AMPLENESS. im'pl-nefs. f. Large- 
nefs, liberality. 

To AMPLIATE, am'-plf ate. v. a. 
To enlarge, to extend. 

AMPLIATION, im-ply'-.i'-niun. f. 
Enlargement, exaggeration 5 dif- 

To AMPLIFICATE, am-pHf'-j''. 
kate. V, a. To enlarge, to am- 

AMPLIFICATION, km-p'.f-ff.W- 
(hiin. f. Enlargement, extenfion ; 
exaggerated reprefentation. 

AMPLIFIER, am'^r. f. One 
that exaggerates. 

To AMPLIFY, im'-ply-fy. v. a. To 
enlarge ; to exaggerate any thing ; 
to improve by new additions. 

To AMPLIFY, am'-ply-fy.v. n. To 
lay one's felf out in diffufion; to 
form pompous reprefentations. 

AMPLITUDE, am'-ply-tude. f. 
Largenefs, greatnefs ; copioufnefs, 

AMPLY, 4m'-ply. ad. Largely, li- 
berally ; copiouflv. 

To AMPUTATE, Am'-pu-tate. v. a. 
To cut off a limb. 

AMPUTATION, am-pi-ta'-lliun. f. 
The operation of cutting off a 
limb, or other part of the body. 

AMULET, am'-u-l^t. f. A charm ; 
a thing hung about the neck, for 
preventing or curing a difeafe. 

To AMUSE, i.muze. V. a. Toen- 
tertain the mind with harmlefs 
trifling ; to engage the attention ; 
to deceive by artful management. 

AMUSEMENT, i-niu'ze-ment. f. 
That which amufes, entertainment. 

AMUSER, a-miV-zur. f. He that 

AMUSIVE, a-mu'-siv. ad. That 

which has the power of amufing. 
AMYGDALATE, A-mlg'-di-late. a. 

Made of almonds. 
AMYGD.ALINE, i-mig'-di-line. a. 

Refembling almonds. 
-AN, an', article. One, but with lefs 

emphafis ; any, or fome. 
ANABAPTIST, in -a- bap'- till. f. 

One who holds or pradifes adult 

ANACAMPTICK, an-a-kamp'-di;. 

a. Reflefting, or rcflefted. 
ANACAMPTiCKS, An-a-cimp'- 

tJks. f. The dodtrine of reflefted 

light, or catoptricks. 

tfk. f. Any medicine that woiks 

ANACHORITE, an-ak'-6-rIte. f. 

A monk who leaves the convent 

for a more folitary life. 
ANACHRONISM, an-ak'-kro-nizm. 

f. An errour in computing time. 
ANACLATICKS, an-a-klat'-lks. f. 

The doftrine of refrafted light ; 

AN.-^DIPLOSIS, an-a-d!-pl.V-sfs, f. 

Reduplication : a figure in rhetorick. 
ANAGRAM, an'-a-gram. f A con- 
ceit arifing from the letters of a 

name tranfpofed fo a; to form 

fome other word or fentence. 
ANAGRAMM.VriSM, an-a-grJm'- 

ma-tizm. f. The ad or praftice of 

making anagrams. 
ANAGRAMMATIST, an-a-gram'- 

ma-till. f. A maker of anagrams. 

gram'-ma-tize. v. n. To make 

ANALEPTICK, kn -i-Mp'-tik. a. 

Comforting, corroborating. 
ANALOGICAL, an-a-!6Jzh'-y-kil. 

a. Ufcd by way of analogy. 
ANALOGICALLY, an-a-l6dzh'-^. 

kal-y. ad. In an analogical man- 
ner ; in an analofjous manner. 
ANALOGICALNESS, an-a-16dzh'- 

y-ka!-n^3. f. The quality of being 

ANALOGISM, a-nal'-o-jJzm. f. 

An argument from the caufe to the 

To ANALOGIZE,'-lo-jlze. 

v. a. To explain by way of ana- 
ANALOGOUS, an-nal'-l&-gus. a. 

Having analogy, having fomething 

ANALOGY, in-nal'-lo-jy. f. Re- 

femblance between things with re- 
gard to fome circuiElIances or ef- 

ANALYSIS, Jn-nil'-J^-sIs. f. A fe- 
E ; paraiion 




paration of any compound into its I 
fe'.eral parts ; a folution of any 
thing, whether corporeal or mental, 
to it; firft elements. 

ANALYTICAL, ir,-i.lL'-t)-kal, a. 
That which refolves any thing into 
firft principles ; that which pro- 
ceeds by anrilyfis. 

ANALYTICALLY, an-A-lu'-iy-kal- 
)y. ad. The manner of refolving 
compounds into the fimple confti- 
tuent or component pans. 

ANALVTICK, an a-lit' Ik. a. The 
maiiner of rclolving compounds into 
the fimple or component parts, ap- 
plied chiefly to mental operations. 

To ANALYZE, an'-a-lyze. v. a. 
To refolve a compound into its firft 

ANALYZli:R, aii'-a lyziir. f. That 
which has the power of analyzing 

AN AMORPHOSIS, an -i- mor-f'o- 
sis. f. Deformation ; perfpeftive 
projeiflion, fo that at one point of 
view, it Ihall appear deformed, in 
another, an exail reprefentation. 

ANANAS, an-na'-nas. f. The pine 

ANAPyEST, in'a-peft. f. A foot in 
poetry, confifting of two ftiort and 
one long fyllable, the reverfe of a 

ANAPHORA, an-af'-o-rA. f. A fi- 
gure, when feveral claufes of a fen- 
tence are begun with the fame 

ANARCH, an'-ark. f. An author 
of confufion. 

ANARCHIAL, an -ar'-ky-al. a. Con- 
fufed, without rule. 

ANARCHY, an'-ar-ky. f. Want of 
government, a ftate without ma- 

ANASARKA, an-a-fa'r-ka. f. A 
fort of dropfv, where the whole 
fubftance is (luiFed with pituitous 

ANASTROPHE,'-tn-,-fi. f. A 
figure whereby words which fhould 
have been precedent, are poftponed . 

ANATHEMA, in-air,'-^-m:\. f. A 
curfe pronounced by ecclefiaftical 
mat'-y'-kil. a. That which has the 
properties of an anathema. 

mat'-y-kSl-ly. ad. In an anathc- 
matical manner. 

To ANATHEMATIZE, in.ath"-J- 
m^-iVze. V. a. To pronounce ac- 
curfi-rf by ecclefiaftical authority. 

ANATIEEROUS,in-a.«i(Vf(;-rus. a. 
Producing ducks. 

ANAIOCfSM, an-dt'-to-sl^m. f. 

The accumulation of interell upon 

ANATOMICAL, in-A-t6m' a. 

Relating or belonging to anatomy ; 

proceeding upon principles taug'n 

in anatomy. 
ANATOMICALLY, an-ii- tom'-i - 

kal-ly. ad. In an anatomical manner. 
ANATOMIST, an-at'-t6-mfrt. f. He 

that ftudies the ftrufture of animal 

bodies, by means of difleflion. 
To ANATOMIZE, an-ai'-i6-mlze. 

V. a. To riiiT^ft an animal ; to lay 

any thing open diftinflly, and by 

minute pare. 
ANATOMY, an-at'-to-my. f. The 

art of diiTefting the body ; the 

doftrine of the llruiSure of the bo- 
dy ; the act of dividing any thing; 

a fkeleton ; a thin meagre perfon. 
ANCESrOR, an'-fef-tiir. f. One 

from whom a perfon defcends. 
ANCESTREL, in'-fef-trel. a. Claim- 
ed from anceftors. 
ANCESTRY, ;\n'-fef-try. f. Lineage, 

a feries of anceftors; the honour of 

delVent, birth. 
ANCHENTRY, properly fpelt An- 

cie.-jtry; which fee. 
ANCHOR, ank'-iir. f. A heavy 

iron, to hold the ftiip, by being 

fixed to the ground ; any thing 

which confers llabiliiy. 
To ANCHOR, ank'-ur. v. n. To 

caft anchor, to lie at anchor; to 

ftop at, to reft ori. 
To ANCHOR, ank'-ur. v. a. To 

pI.Tce at anchor ; to fix on. 
ANCHORAGE, ank'- ur-edzh. f. 

Ground to caft anchor upon ; the 

anchors of a ftiip ; a duty paid for 

anchoring in-a port. 
ANCHOR HOLD, ank'-ur-hild. f. 

The hold or fallnefs of the anchor. 
.ANCHORED, ank'-ur-red. part. a. 

Held by the anchor. 
ANCHORET, .ink'-o-ret. ) - 
ANCHORITE, ank'-6-rite. J '• 

A rccluCe, a hermit. 
ANCHORSMITH, ank'ur-fmhh. f. 

The maker or forger of anchors. 
ANCHOVY, in-tllio'-vy. f. A little 

fea-filli, much ufed by way of faucc, 

or feafoning. 
ANCIENT, an-flient. a. Old, not 

modern ; old, that has been of long 

duration; paft, former. 
ANClEN'l', a'n-ftient. f. The flag 

or ftreamer of a fliip. 
ANCIEN r, &'n-ft,cnt. f. The bearer 

of a flag, now cnhi^n. 
ANCIENTLY, :Vn^fhint-Iy. ad. In 

old times. 
ANCIENTNESS, i'n-fli^at-ntfs. f. 


ANCIENTRY, a'n-fhent. try. f. The 
honour of ancient lineage. 

AND, and', conjunflion. The par- 
ticle by which fentences or terms 
are joined. 

ANDIRON, and'-i ri'n. f. Irons at 
the end of a fire-grate, in which 
the foit turn.<;. 

ANDR'OGYNAL, 4n-dr6.2'-y-nal. a. 
Hermaphrodilical ; partaking of 
both fcxes, 

ANDROGYNALLY, an-drog'-^'- 
n.Tl-ly. ad. With two fexes. 

ANDROGYNUS, An-dr6g'-y-nus. f. 
An hermaphrodite. 

ANECDOlE,An'-ek-d6;e. f. Some- 
thing yet unpubliftied ; fecret hif- 

ANEMOGRAPHY, An-e-mog'-gri- 
If. {. Thedefcription of the winds. 

ANEMOMETER, an-^-mom'-.-n*- 
ter. f. An inftrument contrived to 
meafure the wind. 

ANEMONE, an-^m'-o-n^. f. The 
wind flower. 

ANEMOSCOPE.>in"-e.m6f-ko'pe. f. 
A machine invented to foretel the 
changes of the wind. 

ANENT, a-nent'. prep. Concerning, 
about; over againft, oppofice to. 

ANEURISM, an'-ii-iizm. f. A dif- 
eafe of the arteries, in which they 
become exceflively dilated. 

ANEW, i-nCi'. ad. Over again, an- 
other time ; newly, in a new man- 

ANFRACrUOSE,an-frAk'-iu-6fe. } 

ANFRACTUOUS, An-frak'-tu-us. J 
a. Full of turnings and windings. 

tftio U)-nes. f. Fulnefs of windings 
and turnings. 

ANGEL, a'n-jel. f. Ofiginally a 
melTcnger ; a fpirit employed by 
God in human affairs ; a;igel is 
fometimes ufcd in a bad fenfe, as, 
angels of darknefs ; in the ftile of 
love, a beautiful perfon ; a piece 
of ancient money. 

ANGELSHOT.u n-jcl-lhot. f. Chain 

ANGELICA, An-jel'-;^-kA. f. The 
name of a plant. 

ANGELICAL, an-j^i'-y-kAI. a. Re- 
femb; ingaijgcls; partaking of the na- 
ture of angcl.s ; belonging to angels 

ANGELICALNESS, An-jcl'-ly-kal- 
ncs. f. Excellence more than hu- 

ANGELICK, An-j4l'.lik. a. Ange- 
lical ; above human. 

ANGELOf, An'-j^.|6t. fi A mufi- 
cal inftrument, fomewhat refem- 

"■ bling a l»jte. 

ANGER, Ang'-gi'ir. f. Atigep is ur- 




eafinefs upon receipt of any injury ; 

fmnrt cf .i Tore. 
To ANGER, ang'-gur. v. a. Topro- 

V kc, to enrage. 
.NGERLY, ang'-gu:-Iy. ad. In an 

angry manner. 
ANGIOGRArHy, Ang-g^'-og'-gri- 

iy. f. A tiefcription cf veflels in 

die human body. 
'.?. GIOLOGy, ang-g;^-6r-6-jy. f. 

A treatifecr difcourfe of the veflels 

of the human body. 
ANGLE, ang'l. f. The fpace inter- 
cepted between two lines interfer- 
ing each oiher. 
AKGLE, ang'l. f. An inftrument 

to take fifh, coniifting of a rod, a 

line, and a hook. 
To ANGLE, ang'l. v. a. To fifli 

v.ith a rod and hook ; to try to 

tain bv fome infinuating artifices. 
..XGLt-ROD, ang'i-rod. f. The 

ftitk to wliicK the fiiher's line and 

hook are hung. 
ANGLER, ing'-gjilr. f. He that 

filhes with an an^le. 
ANGLICISM, ang'-gly-iizm. f. An 

Englilh idiom. 
ANGOBER, ang'-go-ber. f. A kind 

of pear. 
ANGRILY, ang'-gti-ly. ad. In an 

angry manner. 
ANGRY, ang'-gry. a. Touched 

with anger; having the appearance 

of anger; painful, inflamed. 
ANGUISH, ang'-gftJlh. f. Excef- 

five pain either of mind or body. 
ANGUISHED, ang'-gwifti-ed.' a. 

Exccffively pained. 
ANGULAR, ing'-gu-lar. a. Having 

arigles or corners. 
AXGULARITY, ang-gu-Iar'-l-t)'' f. 

The quality of being angular. 
ANGULARLY, ing'-gu-Iar-iy. ad. 

With angles. 
ANGULARNE3S,a,ig'-gu-lar-nes. f. 

The quality of being angular. 
ANGULATED, ang'-gu-Li-ted. a. 

Formed with ingles. 
.ANGULOUS, ang'-gu-lus.a. Hook- 
ed, angular. 
ANGUST, an-gulV. a. Narrow, 

INGUSTATION, in-guf-t;V-fliun. 

f. Th? at^t of making narrow ; the 

ftate of being narrowed. 
ANHELATION, an-hfi-la'-(hun. f 

The a(5l of panting. 
ANHELOsE, an-hJ-!o'fe. a. Out of 

ANTENTED, in-'-y-^n tcJ a. Fruf- 

ANIGHTS, a-ni'tes. ad. In the 

ANIL, in'-il. f. The Ihrub from 

whofe leaves and ftalks indigo is 
AN'ILENESS, a-ni'le-ncfs. ) f. The 
ANILITY, a-nil'-li-ty. J old age 

of woman. 
ANIMABLE, an' y-mabl. a. That 

which may be put into life. 

ver'-(hun. f. Reproof, fevere cen- 

fure; obfervation. 
ANTMADVERSIVE, an -y -mad - 

ver'-siv. a. That has the power of 

To ANIMADA^ERT,an-y-mad-v^rt'. 

V. n. To coiifider, to obferve ; to 

pafs cenfures upon. 
.•\NIMADVERTER, an->'--mad-vef'- 

tur. {. He that pafl'es cenfures, or 

oblerves upon. 
ANIMAL, an'-y-mat. f. A living 

creature corporeal ; by way of con- 
tempt, we fay a llupid man is an 

ANIMAL, an'-y-mal. a. That ivhich 

belongs or relates to animals; ani- 
mal is ufed in oppofition to fpiri- 

ANIMALCULE, dn-y-mdl'-kule. f. 

A fmall animal. 
ANIMALITY, an-y-mal'-i-ty. f. The 

ftate of animal exiftence. 
To ANIMATE, an'-y-mate. v. a. To 

quicken, to make alive ; to give 

powers to; to encourage, to in- 
ANIMATE, an'-y-mate. a. Alive, 

pod'efling animal life. 
ANIMATED, .in'y ma-ted. part. a. 

Lively ; vigorous. 
ANIMATION, an-y-ma'-(hun. f. 

Theaifl of animating or enlivening ; 

that which animates; the ftate of 

being enlivened. 
ANIMATIVE, in'-v-ma-tlv. a. That 

has the power of ^^iving 1 fe. 
ANIMATOR, an'-y-ma-tiir. f. That 

which gives life. 
ANIMOSE, an-y-mo'fe. a. Full of 

fpirit, hot. 
ANIMOSITY, ;m-f-m6>'-ii-if. f. 

\'ehcmence of hatred ; paflionate 

ANISE, an'-nis. f. A fpecics cf 

apium or parflcy, with large fweet 

kented feed?. 
ANKER, ank'-ur. f. A liquid mea- 

fure, the fourth part of the awm. 
ANKLE, ank'l. f. The joint which. 

joins the foot to the leg. 
ANKLE-BONE, ink'l-bone f. The 

bone of the arkle. 
ANNALIST, an'-nallll. f A writer 

of annals. 
ANNALS, an'-nilz. f. Hiftories di- 

ge.led in the e.xad order of time. 

ANNATS, in'-natj. f. Firll fruits. 

To ANNEAL, a.i-nc'l. v. a. To 
heat glafs, that the colours laid on 
it may pierce through ; to heat any 
thing in luca a manner as to give 
it the true temper. 

To ANNEX, an-nekj'. v. a. To unite 
to at the end ; to unite a fmaller 
thing to a greater. 

ANNEXA'j'iON, an-nck-sa-ihun. f. 
Conjunction, aJ.itiuu ; union, co- 

ANNEXION, an-nek'-fliiin. f. The 
adl of annexing. 

ANNEXMbNT, an-neks'ment. f. 
The aft of anncAing ; the thing an- 

ANNIHILABLE, an-nl'-hy-ldbl. a. 
That which may be put out of exift- 

To ANNIHILATE, an-nl'-hi-latc. 
V. a. To reduce to nothing; lo 
delSroy ; to annul. 

ANNIHILATION, in - ni- h>'-l:V- 
fl.iin. f. Tne act of reducing to 
nothing, the ftate of being reduced 
to nothing. 

ANxNIVEkSARY, an-ny-xcr'-fa-ry. 
f. A day celebrated as it returns 
in the courle of the year; the aft 
of celebration of the anniver- 

ANNIVERSARY, an-ny-ver'-fd-ry. 
a. Returning with the revolutioa 
of the year ; annual. 

ANNO DOMINI, an'-n6-d6m'-y-ni. 
In the year of our Lord. 

ANNOLIS, aii'-no-lis. f. An Ame- 
rican animal, like a lizard. 

ANNOT.*\TiON, an-no-ta'-fhun. f. 
Explication ; note. 

ANNOTATOR, an'-no-tatur. f. A 
writer of notes, a commentator. 

To ANNOUNCE, an-nou'nfe. v. a. 
To publllh, to proclaim ; to declare 
by a judicial fentence. 

To ANNOY, aa-noy'. V. a. To in- 
commode, to yex. 

ANNOY, an-noy'. f. Injury, mo- 

ANNOYANCE, an-noy'-anfe. f. 
That which annoys ; the aft of an- 

ANNOYER, an-noy' iir. f. The 
perfon that annoys. 

ANNU.-^L, an'-nu-ai. a. That which 
comes yearly ; that which is reckon- 
ed by the year ; that which lalU 
only a year. 

ly, every year. 

ANNUITANT, an-nu'-y-tant, f. 
He that poffeffes or receives an an- 

ANNUITY, an-nu'-y-iy. f. A yearly 
£ z rent 




rent to be paid for term of life or 
years; a yearly allowance. 

To ANNUL, an-nul'. v. a. To make 
void, to nullify ; to reduce to no- 

ANNULAR, an'-nillar. a. Having 
the form of a ring. 

ANNULARY, an'-nu-la-ry. a. Hav- 
ing the form of rings. 

ANNULET, an'-nu-lit. f. A little 

To ANNUMERATE, an-nu'-me- 
rite. V. a. To add to a former 

fliin. f. Addition to a former 

To ANNUNCIATE, in-nun'-fyate. 
V. a. To bring tidings. 

fya-fhun-da. f. The day celebra- 
ted by the ch-rch, in memory of 
the angel's faluiation of the Blefled 
Virgin ; folemnized on the twenty- 
fifth of March. 

ANODYNE, an'-6-dyne. a. That 
which has the power of mitigating 

To ANOINT, a-noi'nt. v. a. To 
rub over with unduous matter ; to 
confecrate by unftion. 

ANOINTER, a-noi'n-tiir. f. The 
perfon that anoints. 

ANOMALISM, a-nom'-d-llzm. f. 
Anomaly, irrecularity. 

ANOMALISTICAL, a-rom-a-Iis'- 
ly-kil. a. Irregular. 

ANOMALOUS, a-nom'-a-lus. a. Ir- 
regular ; de\iating from the ge- 
neral method or analogy of things. 

ANOMALOUSLY, i-nom'-a-Ius-ly. 
ad. Irregularly. 

ANOMALY, a-n6m'-i-ly\ f. Irre- 
gularity ; deviation from rule. 

ANOMY, an'-6-niy. f. Breach of 

ANON, J-non'. ad. Qnickly, foon ; 
now and then. 

ANONYMOUS, anon'-y-mus. a. 
Wanting a name. 

ANONYMOUSLY, A non'y-nmf- 
K'. ad. Without a name 

ANOREXY, a-nu-rck'-fy. f. Inap- 

ANOTHER, an-iith'-ur. a. Not the 
fame; one more; any other; not 
one's felf; widely different. 

ANOTHERGUESS, in-uth'-ur- 
gifs. a. Of a different kind. A 
colloquial corruption, from another 
guifc, that is, a different^.v//s', man- 
ner, or form. 

ANSATED, in'-sil-tcd. a. Having 

To ANSWER, in'-scr. v. n. To 

fpeak in return to a queftion ; to 
fpeak in oppofition ; to be account- 
able for; to give an account; to 
correfpond to, to fuit with ; to 
be equivalent to ; to fatisfy any 
claim or petition ; to ftand as op- 
pofite or correlative to fomelhing 
elfs ; to bear proportion to ; to 
fuccepd, to produce the wiihed 
event ; to appear to any call, or 
authoritative fummons. 

ANSWI'R, an'-fer. f. That which 
is faid in return to a quelHon, or 
pofition ; a confutation of a charge. 

ANSWERJOBBER, an'-fer j6b'-bur. 
f. He that makes a trade of writ- 
ing anfwers. 

ANSWERABLE, an'-fer-abl. a. That 
to which a reply may be made ; 
obliged to give an account ; cor- 
refpondent to; proportionate to; 
equal to. 

ANSWERABLY, an'-fer-ib-Iy'. ad. 
In due proportion ; with proper cor- 
refpondence ; fuitably, 

ANSWERABLENESS, an'-fer-abl- 
nefs. f. The quality of being an- 

ANSWERER, an'-fer-iir. f. He that 
anfwers ; he that manages the con- 
troverfy againft one that has written 

ANT, ant', f. An emmet, a pif- 

ANTBE.^R, int'-b^r. f. An ani- 
mal that feeds on ants. 

ANTHILL, ani'-hil. f. The fmall 
protuberance of earth in which ants 
make their nefls. 

ANTAGONIST, an-tag'-6-rj(l. f. 
One who contends with another, 
an opponent ; contrary to. 

To ANTAGONIZE, an-tag'-u-nize. 
V n. To contend againll another. 

f- A figure in rhetoiick, when the 
fame word is repeated in a differ- 
ent manner, if not in a contrary 
fignification ; it is alfo a returning 
to the matter at the end of a long 

dit'-ik. a. Efficacious againll the 
venereal difeafe. 

ANTAl'OPLECTICK, ant-ip-&- 
plck'-iik. a. Good againft an apo- 

ANTARKTICK,an-ta'rk-tIk a. Re- 
lating to the fouthern pole. 

ANTARTHRinCK, int-ir-thrit'- 
Ik. a. Good againft the gout. 

ANTASTHiVIATICK, int-af-mit'- 
ik. a. Good againft the allhma. 

AN TE, in'-tc. A Latin particle fig- 
nilying hefort, which is frequently 

ufed in compofition, as, fl«^-dilu- 
vian, «n/i?-chamber. 
ANTEACr, in'-te-akt. f. A former 


bu-la'-fliun. f, A walking be- 

To ANTECEDE, an-t^-fe'de. v. a. 
To precede; to go before. 

ANTECEDENCE, in-tc-f<i'-dcnfe. 
f. The ad or ftate of goinp before. 

ANTECEDENT, an-ie-fe'-dent. a. 
Going before, preceding. 

ANTECEDENT, an-te-fe'-dent. f. 
That which goes before; in gram- 
mar, the noun to which the rela- 
tive is fubjoined. 

ANTECEDENTLY, in-t^-f^'-d^nc- 
1)'. ad. Previoufly. 

ANTECESSOR, an-te-fes'-fur. f. 
One who goes before, or leads an- 

ANTECHAMBER, an'-te-tfham-bi'tr. 
f. The chamber that leads to the 
chief apartment. 

To ANTEDATE, an'-te-date. v. a. 
To date earlier than the real time ; 
to date fomething before the proper 

ANTEDILUVIAN, .An- tJ-d^-li'- 
vyan. a. Exifting before the de- 
luge; relating to things exifting 
before the deluge. 

ANTEDILUVIAN, in- ta-di-hV- 
vyan. f. One that lived before the 

ANTELOPE, an'-te-lope. f. A goat 
with curled or wreathed horns. 

ANTEMERIDIAN, an-tfi-m£--rldzh'- 
an. a. Being before noon. 

ANTEMETICK, ant-e-met'-fk. 2, 
That has the power of preventing 
or ftopping vomiting. 

ANTEMUNDANE, an-tc-mun'- 
danc. a. I'hat which was before 
the world. 

ANTEPAST, in'-tc-paft. f, A fore- 

ANFEPRNULT. in"-ta-pl-nilt'. f. 
The laft fyllable but two. 

ANTEPILEPI'iCK, ant-cp-y-lcp'- 
tik. a. Medicine againft convul- 

ToANTEPONE, an'-te-pone. v. a. 
To prefer one thing to another. 

dik'-a-mciit. f. Something previ- 
ous to the doflrine of the predica- 

ANTERIORITY, in-td-ry^Ar'-y-ty. 
f. Priority ; the ftate of being be- 

ANI'ERIOUR, an-le'-ryiir. a. Go- 
ing before. 

ANTES, an'-tez. f. Pillars of large 




dimenfions that fupport the front of 
a building. 

ANTESTOMACH, an-tS-ftum'-uk. 
f. A cavity that leads into the fto- 

min'-ttiik. a. That which kills worms. 

ANTHEM, an'-lhcm. r. A hnly fong. 

ANTHOLOGY, an-tliol'-6-jf. f. A 
colleiilion of Howers ; a colledion 
of devotions; a colleftion of poems. 

ANTHONY'S FIRE, An'- 16-11^2 - 
fi're. f. A kind of ervilpelas. 

ANTHRAX, an'-ihriks. f. A fcab 
or blotch which hums the fkin. 

ANTHROPOLOGY, in-ihio-pol'- 
6-jy {. The doflrine of anatomy. 

ANTHROPOPHAGI, an-tftr6-p6f- 
k-'}i. f. Man-eaters, cannibals. 

ttiro-pof-a-jy'-nyan. f. A ludicrous 
word, formed by Shakefpeare from 

a-jy. f. The quality of eating hu- 
man flefli. 

ANTHROPOSOPHY, 4n-thr6-p6s'- 
o-fy^. f. The knowledge of the 
nature of man. 

a. That which has the power of 
preventing fleep. 

ANTIACID, an-tv-as'-!d. f. Alkali. 

ANTICHAMBER, An'-t^-tftam-bur. 
f. Corruptly written for ante- 

ANTICHRIST! AN, an-ty-krL'- 
tfhan. a. Oppofite to Chriftianiiv. 

tfha-nizm. f. Oppofition or con- 
trariety to Chrlflianity. 

ANTICHRIS TI ANITY, an-t{-kr!f- 
tfhan'-i-ty. f. Contrariety to Chrill- 

To ANTICIPATE, an-tis'-fy-pate. 
V. a. To take fomething fooner 
than another, fo as to prevent him ; 
to take up before the time ; to fore- 
tafle, or take an impreflion of fome- 
thing, which is not yet, as if it 
really was ; to precliide. 
ANTICIPATION, in - ti's - fy - pa' - 
fhun. f. The aft of taking up 
fomething before its time ; forejafte. 
ANTICK, iti'-iik. a. Odd; ridicu- 

loufly wild. 
ANTICK, an'- ilk. f. He that plays 
anticks, or ufes odd gelliculation, a 
ANTICKLY, an'-tik-ly. ad. With 

odd poll'jrcs. 
ANTICLIMAX, in-t^kli'-maks. f. 
A fentence in which the laft part 
is lower than the firll ; oppofite to 
a climax. 

vul'-siv. a. Good again ft convul- 

ANTICOR, dn'-t)'- k6r. f. A pre- 
ternatural fwclling in a horfe's 
breaft, oppofite to his heart. 

ANITCOURTIER, an-iy-cort-yer. 
f. One that oppofcs the court. 

ANTIDOTAL, an"-iy -do'- tal. a. 
Having the power or quality of 
counterafting poifon. 

ANTIDOTE, an'-ty-dote. C. A medi- 
cine given to expel poifon. 

ANTIFEDIIILE, an-iy'-fe'-brile. a. 
Good againft fever?. 

ANTiLOGARITHM, an-ty-16a'-a- 
ri[hm. f. The complement of the 
logarithm of a fine, tangent, or 

ra'r-ky-kal. a. Againll govern- 
ment by a fingle perfon. 

ANTIMONIAL, an-ty-mo'-nyal. a. 
Made of antimony. 

ANTIMONY, in'-ty-mun-ny. f. 
Antimony is a mineral fubftance, of 
a metalline nature. 

ANTINEPHRITICK, an-ty-ne-frft'- 
ik. a. Good againft difeafes of the 
reins and kidnevs. 

ANTINOMY, an'-iy-no-m^ f. A 
conlradiillion between two laws. 

ANTIPARALYTICK, an-ty-par-a- 
lit'-ik. a. Efficacious againft the 

thet'-y-kal. a. Having a natural 
contrariety to any thing. 

ANTIPATHY, an-!lp'-a-thy. f. A 
natural contrariety to any thing, fo 
as to (liun it involuntarily: oppo- 
fed to fvmpathv. 

ANTIPERISTASIS, an-ty-pS-ris'- 
ta-sis. f. The oppofition of a con- 
trary quality, by which the quality 
it oppofes becomes heightened. 

ty-len'-ftial. a. Efficacious againft 
the plague. 

ANTIPHRA3IS, an-tif'-fra-;Is. f. 
The ufe of words in a fenfe oppo- 
fite to their meaning. 

ANTIPODAL, an-tfp' -6-dal. a. Re- 
lating to the antipodes. 

ANTIPODES, an-tip'-6-d^z. f.Thofe 
people who, living on the other fide 
of the globe, have their feet di- 
reflly oppofite to ours. 

ANTIPOPE, an'-t^-p6pe. f. He that 
ufurps the popedom. 

ANTIPTOSIS, an-tip-to'-sis. f. A 
figure in grammar, by which one 
cafe is put for another. 

ANTIQUARY, in'-ty-kwA-ry-. f. A 
man ftudious of antiquity. 

! 5 

To ANTIQUATE, an'-tf-kwate. 
V. a. To make obfolete. 

ted-nes. f. The ftate of being ob- 

ANTIQUE, an-te'k. a. Ancient, 
not modern ; of genuine antiquity ; 
of old fafhion. 

ANTIQUE, an-te'k. f. An anti- 
quity, a remain of ancient times. 

ANTIQUENESS, an-te'k-nes. f. 
1 he quality of being antique. 

ANTIQUITY, in-nk'-kwi.i)'-. f. 
Old limes ; the ancients; remainj 
of old times ; eld are. 

ANTISCORBUTICAL, in-t>'-fk6r- 
bu'-ty-kal. a. Good againft the 

ANTISEPTICK, ^n-t^fSp'-tlk. a. 
Preventive of putrefaftion. 

ANTISPASIS, an-tis'-pa-si's. f. The 
revulfion of anv humour. 

ANTISPASMODICK, in-ty'-fpaz- 
moJ'-ik. a. That which has the 
power of relieving the cramp. 

ANTISPASTICK,ln-t}''-rpis'-tIk a. 
Medicines which caufe a revul- 

ANTISPLENETICK, 4n-t)"--fp!en'- 
e-iik. a. Efiicacious in difeafes of 
the fpleen. 

ANTISTROPHE, an-tis'-tro-fe. f. 
In an ode fung in parts, the fecond 
ftanza of every three. 

ANTISTRUMATICK, an-ty-ftro- 
mat'-ik. a. Good againft the king's 
evil. , 

ANTITHESIS, an-tith'-e-sls. f. Op- 
pofition ; contraft. 

ANTITYPE, an'-iy-tipe. f. That 
which is refembled or (hadowed our 
by the type A term of theology. 

ANTITYPICAL, an-ty-tip'-l-kal. a.. 
That which explains the type. 

ANTI VENEREAL, an -ty-ve-ne'- 
ryal. a. Good againft the venereal 

ANTLER, ant'-lur. f. Branch of a: 
flag's horn. 

ANTOECI, an-to'-e-si. f. Thofe 
inhabitants of the earth who live 
under the fame meridian, at the' 
fame dillance from the equator ; the 
one toward the north, and the other 
to the fouth. 

ANTONOMASIA, an-to-no-ina'- 
fya. f. A forn of fpeech, in which, 
for a proper name, is put the name 
of fome dignity. We fay the Ora- 
tor for Cicero. 

ANTRE, .-in'-tur. f. A cavern, a den. 

ANVIL, an'-vil, f. The iron block 
on which the fmith lays his metal 
to be forged ; any thing on which 
blows are laid. 





ANXIETY, ink-jV-c-t)''. f. Trouble 
of mind about iome future event, 
fiilicitude ; depreflion, lownels of 

ANXIOUS, ink'-fyus. a. Difturbed 
about fomc uncertain event ; care- 
ful, full of inquietude. 

ANXIOUSLY, ank'-fyuf-iy. ad. So- 
licitoufly, unquietly. 

ANXIOUSNESS, ank'-fyuf-nes. f. 
The quality of being anxious. 

ANY, in'-n;^. a. Every, whoever, 

AORIST, ii'-u-tiH. a. Indefinite as 
to time. 

AORTA, li-or'-li. f. The great ar- 
tery which riles immediately out of 
the left ventricle of the heart. 

AP.-VCE, i-paTe. ad. Q^ick, fpeed- 
ily ; haftily. 

AP.ART, a-pi'rt. ad. Separately 
from the rell in place ; in a ftate of 
dillindion ; at a dillance, retired 
from the ether company. 

APARTMENT, i-part-m(5nt. f. A 
room, a fet of rooms. 

APATHY, ap'-i-ttiy. f. Exemp- 
tion from paffion. 

APE, ape. f. A kind of monkey ; 
an imitator. 

To APE, ;Vpe. V. a. To imitate, as 
an ape imitates humjn adlions. 

APEAK, ii-pe'ke. ad. In a pollure 
to pierce, formed with a point. 

APEPSY, ap'-ep-fy. f. A lofs of 
natural conco6lion. 

APER, a'p-t'ir. f. -A ridiculous imi- 
tator or mimick. 

APEKII^XT, a-pe'-ryent. a. Gently 

APER I'll VE, A-per'-J-tiv. a. That 
which has the quality of opening. 

APER'I", .1-peri'. a. Open. 

APERTION, a-per'-(hiin. f. An 
opening, a paffage, a gap ; the ail 
of opening. 

AFERTLY, ip'-ert-ly. ad. Openly. 

APERTNESS, ap'-drt-nis. f. Opcn- 

APERTURE, ip'-er-ture. f. The 
aft of opening ; an open place. 

APETALOUS, i-pet'-a-liis. a. 
Without flmver-leaves. 

APEX, u'-pcks. f The tip or point. 

APH/ERESIS, a-fc'-re-;ls. f. A 
figure in grammar that takes away 
a letter or fyllable from the begin- 
nin" of a word. 

APHELION, a fe'-!yon. f. Thn 
part of the orbit of a planet, in 
which it is at tlie point remoteft 
from the fun. 

APHILANTHROPY. i-fy-lan'- 
thr6-py. f. Want of love to man- 

APHORISM, if'-o-rizm. f. A 
maxim, an unconnefled pofition. 

APHORI3T1CAL, if-6-rl,'-ti-kil. a. 
Written in feparate unconi.eded 

APIIOPJSTICALLY, af-o-r!,'-ii- 
ki!-ly. ad. In the form of an 

APHRODISIAC.IL, i-fr6-d>''- -^ 
si'-a-kAl. ( 

APHRODISIACK, a-fro-dy-sl'- (" ^■ 
ak. J 

Relating to the venereal difeafe. 

APIARY, a'-pyi-ry. f. The place 
where bees are kept. 

APIECE, a-pe'fe. ad. To the part 
or (hare of each. 

APISH, a'-pi(h. a. Having the qua- 
lities of an ape, imimive ; foppilli, 
affedej ; fiily, triHing ; wanton, 

APISHLY, a-pilh-ly'. ad. In an 
apilli manner. 

APISHNESS, a'-pifli-nes. f. Mi- 
mickry, foppery. 

API! PAT, a-pk' ad. With 
quick palpitation. 

APLUSTRE, a-pliis'-tur. f. The 
ancient enfigii carried in fea vef- 

APOCALYPSE, a-pok'-a-Hps. f. 
Revelation, a word ufed only of the 
facred writings. 

APOCALYPTICAL, .i-pok-a-l{^'- 
ty-kal. a. Containing revelation. 

APOCOPE, i-pok'-o-pS. f. A fi- 
gure, when the lall letter or fyl- 
lable is taken away. 

APOCRUSTICK, a-p6-kriis'-tik. a. 
Repelling and allrinient. 

APOCRYPHA, a-pok'-ry-fi.f. Books 
added to the facred writings, of 
doubtful authors. 

APOCRYPHAL, a-p6k'-ry-fal. a. 
Not canonical, of uncertain autho- 
rity ; contained in the apocrypha. 

APdCRYPUALLY, i-p6k'-ry-fal-Iy. 
ad. Uncertainly. 

fal-nes. f. Uncertainty. 

APODICTICAL, ap.6-d{k'-t>'-kal. 
a. Demon ftrative. 

APOBIXIS. up-6-dik'-sis, f. De- 

APOG./EON, ip-6-je'-6n. ) r 

APOGEE, ap'-6-jc. 1 • 

A point in the heavens, in which 
the fun, or a planet, is at the 
grsatell dillance poflible from the 
earth in its whole revolution. 

APOLOGETICAL, :i poi-6 jot'- T 

>-'^^'- . , , f 

APOLOCETICK, a-pul-o-jci'lik. J 

a. That whicli is faid in tleftnce of 

any thing. 

APOLOGIST, a-pol'-lo-jlil. f. He 
jhit makes an apology ; a pleader 
in favour of another. 

To APOLOGIZE, 4-|6l'-l6-jize. v. 
n. To plead in favour. 

APOLOGUE, ap'-olog. f. Fable, 
ftory contrived to teach fome moral 

APOLOGY, a-pol'-o-jj-. f. De- 
fence, excufe. 

me try. f. The art of meafuring 
things at a dillance. 

APONEUROSIS, i-pfj-nu-ri'-sis. f. 
An expanfion of a nerve into a 

APOPHASIS, a-rof'-a-fis. f. A 
figure by which the orator feems to 
wave what he v>ould plainly infi- 

APOPHLEGMATICK, a-p6-fleg'- 
m.T-lik. a. Drawing aw.iy phlegm. 

APOPHLEGMATISM, a-p6-fleg'- 
ir>a-tizm. f. A medicine to draw 

APOPHTHEGM, a'-po-ttiem. f. A 
remarkable faying. 

APOPHYGE, a-pof'-y-je. f. That 
part of a column where it begins to 
fpring out of its bale ; the fpring of 
a column. 

APOPHYSIS, a-pof'-y-sis. f. The 
prominent parts of fome bones ; the 
i'ame as procefs. 

APOPLECriCAL, a-p6-plik'- 

Rel.uing to an apoplexy. 

APOiLEXY, :\p'-6-plek-fy. f A 
fudden deprivation of all fenfa- 

APORIA, a-p6'-ry-i\. f. A figure 
by which the fpeaker doubts where 
to begin. 

APORRHOEA, i-por-ic'-a. f. Ef- 
fluvium, cmanatiun. 

APOSIOPESIS, a-p6f-y-6-pe'-sIs. f. 
A foi m of fpeech, by which the 
fpeaker, through fome afFeftion or 
vehemency, breaks oft" his fpcccli. 

APOSTASY, a-pos'-ta-ly. f. De- 
parture from what a man has pro- 
felTed : it is generally applied to re- 

APObT.-VTE, i-p6s'-tate. f. One 
that has forfiken his religion. 

APOSTATICAL, A- pof-di'-y-kil. 
a. After the manner of an ape- 

To APOSTATIZE, i-p6»'-ti-tize. 
V. n. To for'ake onc'i^eligion. 

To APOSTEMATE, A-pos'-x-mate. 
V. n. To Iwell and corrupt into 

APOSIEMATION, a poi'-te-rra'. 

-tik. S 




ftiun. f. The gnthcring of a hol- 
low purulent tumour. 

AP03TEME, ap'-o-lieme. f. A 
hoHow fwelline, an abfcefs. 

APOSILE, a-fo-'tl. f. A perfon 
fent with mandates, particularly 
applied to them whom our Saviour 
deputed to preach the gofpei. 

APOSTLESHIP, a-pcVil-3iip. f. 
The ofi'ce or dignirv of an apollle. 

APOSrOLICAL, a-pof-tol'-y-kal. a. 
Delivered bv the apollles. 

APOSTOLIJALLY, a-pof-tol'-y- 
kAI-ly. ad. In the manner of the 

APOSTOLICK, a-pof-tol'-llk. a. 
Taught by the aportles. 

APOilROPHE, a-p6s'-tr6-fe. f. In 
rheforick, adiveifion of fpeech to 
another perfon than the fpeech ap- 
pointed did intend or require ; in 
grammar, the contraction of a 
word by the ufe of a comma, as, 
tho', for thoueh. 

To APOSTROPHIZE, a-p6s'-tr6- 
fize. V. a. To addrefs by an apo- 

APOSTUME, ap'-6f-tume. f. A 
hollow tumour hiled with purulent 

APOTHECARY, a-p6ih'-e-ka-ry. f 
A man whofe employment it is to 
keep medicines for fale. 

APOTHEGM, ap'-o-tbem.f. A re- 
markible faving. 

APOTHEOSIS, a-p6-the'-6-as. f 

APOTOME, a-p6t'-6-mc. f. The 
remainder or diiference of two in- 
commenfurable quantities. 

APOZE.VJ, ip'-o-zem. f. A decoc- 

To APPAL, ap-pa'l. v. a. To fright, 
to deprefs. 

APPALEMENT, ap-pa'1-ment. f. 
Deprellion, imprcffion of fear. 

APPANAGE, ap'-f-a-naje. f. Lands 
fet apart for the maintenance of 
youi ger children. 

APPARATUS, ap-pa-ra'-tiis. f. 
Thofe things which are provided 
for the accomplilhment of any pur- 
pofe ; as the tools of a trade, the 
furniture of a houfe j equipage, 

APP.-\REL, ap-par'-el. f. Drefs, 
vellure ; e\:ernal habiliments. 

To APPAKEL, ap-par'-el. v. a. To 
drefs, tocloath ; to cover or deck. 

APPARENT, ap-pa-rent. a. Plain, 
indubitable ; fecming, not real ; 
vifible ; open, dilcoverable ; cer- 
tain, not prefumptive. 

APPAREN i LY. ap-pi'-rent-Iy. ad. 
:.-, idently, openly. 

APPARITIOxN, ap-pi-rish'-un. f. 
Appearance, vifibility ; a vifible 
objed ; a fpeflre, a walking fpirit; 
fo.iiething only apparent, not real ; 
the vifibility of fome luminary. 

APPARITOR, ip-par'-y-tur. f. The 
lowcft officer of the ecclefiaftical 

To APPAY, ap-pa'. v. a. To fa- 

To APPEACH, ap-pe'ilh. v. a. To 
accufe ; to cenfure, to reproach. 

APPEACHMENT, ap-pe'ifn-n^ent. 
f. Ciiarge e.\hibited againll any 

To APPEAL, ap-pe'l. v. n. To 
transfer a caufe from one to another; 
to call ano'.her as witnefs. 

APPEAL, ap-pe'i. f. A removal of 
a caufe from an inferior to a fupe- 
rior court ; in the common law, an 
accufation ; a call upon any as wit- 

APPEALANT, 4p-pel'-15nt. f. He 
that appeals. 

To APPE.-\R, ap-pe'r. v. n. To be 
in fight, to be vifible ; to become 
vifible as a fpirit ; to exhibit one's 
felf before a court ; to feem, in cp- 
pofition to reality; to be plain be- 
yond difpute. 

APPEAR.'^NCE, ap-pe'-rans. f. The 
a£l of coming into fight; the thing 
feen ; femblance, not reality ; out- 
fide, fhow ; entry into a place or 
company; exhibition of the perfon 
to a court; prefence, mien; pro- 
bability, likelihood. 

APPEARER, ap-pe'-rir. f. The 
perfon that appears. 

APPEASABLE, ap-pe-zabl. a. Re- 

APPEASABLENESS, ap-pe'-zibl- 
nes. a. Reconcileablefs. 

To APPEASE, ap-pe'z. v. a. To 
quiet, to put in a liate of peace ; 
to pacify, to reconcile. 

APPEASEMENT, ap-pez-ment. f. 
A llate of peace. 

APPEASER, ap-pc -ziir. f. He that 
pacifies, he that quiets difturb- 

APPELL.-\XT, ap-pei'-!ant. f. A 
challenger; one that appeals from 
a lower to a higher power. 

APPELLATE, Ap-pel'-la:e. f. The 
perfon appealed againft. 

APPELL.ATION, ap-pel-la'-Ihiiji. f. 

APPELLATIVE, ap-pel'-Ia-iiv. f. 
A name common to all of the fame 
kind or fpecies ; as man, hoife. 

APPELLATiVELY, ap-pei'-la-iiv- 
li^. ad. According to the m-naer 
of novms appellative. 

APPELLATORY, .ip-pel'-Ia-tur-r^. 
a. That which contains an appeal, 

APPELLEE, ap-pel-lc'. f. One who 
is accufed. 

To APPEND, ap-pend'. v. a. To 
hang any thing upon another; to 
add fomethirg as an accefibry. 

APPENDAGE, ap-pen'-daje. f. 
Something added to another thing, 
without being neceflary to its ef- 
fe n ce . 

APPENDANT, Jp-pen'-dant. a. 
Hanging to fomething elfe ; an- 
ne,\ed, concomitant. 

APPENDANT, ip-pen'-dant. f. An 
accidental or adventitious part. 

To APPENDICATE, ap^en'-dy- 
kate. v. a. To add to another 

APPENDICATION, ap-pen-dy-ka- 
fhiin. f. Annexion. 

APPENDIX, ap-pen'-dlks. f. Some- 
thing appended or added ; an ad- 
junct or concomitant. 

To APPERTAIN, ap-per-ta'n. v. n. 
To belong to as of right ; to belong 
to by nature. 

APPERTAINMENT, ap-per-ta'n- 
ment. f. That which belongs to 
any rank or disnity. 

APPERTENANCE,' ap-per'-te-nans. 
f. That which belongs to another 

APPERTINENT, ip-per'-ty-nent. a. 
Belonging, relating to. 

APPETENCE, ap'-pe-tens. 7 , 

APPETENCY, ap'-pe-ten-fy. J '' 
Carnal defire. 

APPETIBILITY, ap-pe-ti-bll'-i'-ty, 
f The quality of being defirable, 

APPETIBLE, Ap'-pe-tibl. a. De- 

APPETITE, ap'-pe-tlte. f. The 
natural defire of good ; the defire 
of fenfual pleafure ; violent long- 
ing ; keennefs of ftomach, hunger. 

APPETITION, ap-pe-tilh'-un. f. 

APPETITIVE, ap'-pe-ili-iv. a. That 
which defires. 

To APPLAUD, ap-pla'd. v. a. To 
praife by clapping the hand ; to 
praife in general. 

APPLAUDER, ap-pla'-dur. f. He 
that praifes or commends. 

APPLAUSE, ap-plaz. f. Appro- 
bation loudly exprefled, 

APPLE, ap'l. f. The fruit of the 
apple tree ; the pupil of the eye. 

APPLEWOM.\N, ap'1-wum-un. f. 
A woman that fells apples. 

APPLIABLE, ap-pli'-abl. a. That 
which mr.v be applied. 

APPLIANCE, ip-pli'-ins. f. The 

act of applying, the thing applied. 





ry. f. The quality of being fit to 
be applifid. 

APPLICABLE, ap'-p!)'--kabL a. 
That which may be applied. 

APPLICABLENESS, ip'-ply-kabl- 
res. f. Fitnefs to be applied. 

APPLICABLY, ap'-ply-kab-ly. ad. 
In fuch manner as that it may be 
properly applied. 

APPLICA'J'E, ap'-pl^-kate. f. A 
right line drawn acrofs a curve, fo 
as to bifccl the diameter. 

APPLICATIOr>I, ap-pl)'-ka'-lliun. f. 
'I'he ail of applying any thing to 
another ; the thing applied ; the 
aft of applying to any peffon as a 
petitioner; the employment of any 
means for a certain end : intenfe- 
nefs of thought, clofe ftudy ; at- 
tention to fome particular affair. 

APPLICATIVE, ap-plik'-a-tlv. a. 
Belonging to application. 

a. Belonging to the aft of apply- 

To APPLY, ap-P'y • V- 2- To put 
one thing to another ; to lay medi- 
caments upon a wound ; to make 
ufe of as relative or fuitable ; to 
put to a certain ufe ; to fix the mind 
upon, to ftudy ; to have recourfe to, 
as a petitioner ; to ply, to keep at 

To APPLY, ap-ply'. v. n. To fuit; 
to agree to 

To APPOINT, ap-point'. v. a. To 
fix any thing; to ellablifti any thing 
by decree 5 to furnith in all points, 
to equip. 

APPOINTER, ap-poin'-lir. f. He 
that fettles or fixes. 

APPOINTMENT, ip-point'-mint. 
f. Stipulation ; decree, ellablifh- 
ment ; direftion, order; equip- 
ment, furniture ; an allowance paid 
to any man. 

To APPORTION, ap-p6'r-(hun. v. 
a. To fee out in juft propor- 

APPORTIONMENT, ip-por-fliiin- 
mcnt. f. A dividing into por- 

To APPOSE, ip-puze. v. a. To 
put queftions to. 

APPOSITE, ;ip'-p6-zit. a. Proper, 
fit, well adapted. 

APPOSITELY, ap'-p6-zit-l^. ad. 
Properly, fitly, fuitably. 

APPOSITENESS, ip'-pi-zlt-ncs. f. 
Fitnefs, propriety, fuitablenefs. 

APPOSITION, ip-p^-zKh'-iin. f. The 
addition of new matter; in gram- 
mar, the putting of two nouns in 
the fame cafe. 

To APPRAISE, .^p-pra'ie. v. a. To 
fet a price upon any thing. 

APPRAISER, ap-pr.V-zur. f. A per- 
fon appointed to fet a price upon 
things to he fold. 

To APPREHEND, Ip-pre-hend'. v. 
a. To lay hold on ; to feize, in 
order for trial or punifhment ; to 
conceive by the mind ; to think on 
with terrour, to ffar 

APPREHENDER, ap-prc-hen'-diir. 
f. One who apprehends. 

APPREHENSIBLE, ap-pre-hen'- 
sibl. a. That which may be ap- 
prehended, or conceived. 

APPREHENSION, ap-pr«-hen'- 
fhun. f. The mere contemplation 
of things; opinion, fentiment, con- 
ception ; the faculty by which we 
conceive new ideas ; fear ; fufpi- 
cion of fomething ; feizure. 

APPREHENSIVE, ap-pic-hen'-siv. 
a. Quick to underlland ; fear- 

APPREHENSIVELY, ap-pre-hen'- 
siv-Iy. ad. In an apprehenfive 

hen'-ilv-nes. f. The quality of 
being apprehenfive. 

APPRENTICE, ap-pren'-tls.f. One 
that is bound by covenant, to ferve 
another man of trade, upon condi- 
tion that the tradefman fliall, in the 
mean time, endeavour to inftruft 
him in his art. 

To APPRENTICE, ap-pren'-tis. v. a. 
To put out to a mailer as an ap- 

hvid, f. The years of an appren- 
tice's fervitude. 

APPRENTICESHIP, ap-pr<5n'- tls- 
flilp. C. The years which an ap- 
prentice is to pafs under a mailer. 

To APPRIZE, ap-pri'ze. v. a. To 

To APPROACH, ap-pro'tfh. v. n. 
To draw near locally ; to draw, as time ; to make a progrefs 
towards, mentally. 

To APPROACH, ap-proini. v. a. 
To bring near to. 

APPROACH, Ap-pro'tni. f. The 
aft of drawing near ; accefs ; means 
of advancing 

APPROACHER, Ap-pro'-tfhur. f. 
The perfon that approaches. 

APPROACHMENT, ap - pro'tlh - 
mcnt. f. The aft of coming near. 

APPROBATION, ip-pr6-ba'-(hun. 
f. The aft of approving, or e.\- 
prefTing himfelf pleafed ; the liking 
of any thing j atteAation, fup- 

APPROOF, ip-pr<yf. f. Commend- 
ation. Obfolete. 

To APPROPERATE, ip-prop'-^r- 
ate. v. a. To haften, to fet for- 

To APPROPINQUE, ip-pri-plnk'. 
v. n. To draw near to. Not in ufe. 

APPROPRIABLE, ap-pro'-pr) -abl. 
a. That which may be appro- 

To APPROPRIATE, ap-pro'-pryate. 
v. a. To confign to fome particu- 
lar ufe or perfon ; to claim or exer- 
cife an exclufive right ; to make pe- 
culiar, to annex; in law, to alien- 
ate a benefice. 

APPROPRIATE, ap-pr6'-pryate. a. 
Peculiar, configned to fome parti- 

APPROPRIATION, ,ip-pr6-pr)'--a'- 
fhiin. f. The application of fome- 
thing to a particular purpofe; the 
claim of any thing as peculiar ; the 
fixing of a particular fignification 
to a word ; in law, a fevering of a 
benefice ecclefiailical to the proper 
and perpetual ufe of fome religiou* 
houfe, or dean and chapter, biftiop- 
rick, or college. 

APPROPRIATOR, :\p-pro-pry-;V- 
tur. f. He that is poffefled of an 
appropriated benefice. 

APPRO VABLE, ip-pro-vabl. a. 
That which merits approbation. 

APPROVAL, ap-pro'-va!. f. Ap- 

APPROVANCE. ap-pro'-vans. f. 
Approbation. Not in ufe. 

To APPROVE, ap-pro'v. v. a. To 
like, to be pleafed with ; to ex- 
prefs liking ; to prove, to fliow ; 
to experience ; to make worthy of 

APPROVEMENT, ap-pro'v-ment. 
f. Approbation, liking. 

APPROVER, ip-pr<V-viir. f. He that 
approves ; he that makes trial ; in 
law, one that, confefling felony of 
himfelf, accufes another. 

APPROXIMATE, dp-prokb'-^-mate. 
a Near to. 

ma-fhun. f. Approach to any 
thing; continual approach, nearer 
ftill, and nearer to the quantity 

APPULSE, ip'-puls. f. The aft of 
ftriking againll any thing. 

APRlCOr, or APRICOCK, a'-pry- 
kot. f. A kind of wall fruit. 

APRIL, a'-pril. f The fourth month 
of the year, January counted firll. 

APRON, a'-ptiin. f. A cloth hung 
before, to keep the other drefs 
clean, or for ornament. 


A R B 



APRON, a'-priin. C A piece of 
Jead which covers the touch-hole of 
a great gun. 

APRONED, a-prund. a. 'A'earing 
an apron. 

APSIS, ap'-sls. f. The higher apfis 
is denominated aphelion, or apo- 
gee ; the lower, perihelion, or pe- 

APT, apt', a. Fit; having a ten- 
dency to ; inclined to, led to ; 
ready, quick, as an apt wit; qua- 
lified for. 

To APTATE, ip'-tate. v. a. To 
make fit. 

APTITUDE, ap'-ti-tude. f. Fitnefs; 
tendency ; difpofition. 

APTLY, apt'-ly. ad. Properly, fit- 
ly ; juftly, pertinently ; readily, 
acutely, as, he learned his bufinefs 
very aptly. 

APTNESS, apt'-ncs. f. Fitnefs, fuit- 
ablenefs; difpofition to any thing ; 
quicknefs of apprehenfion ; ten- 

APTOTE, ip'-tote. f. A noun 
which is not declined with cafes. 

AQUA, a'-k\v.\. f. Water. 

AQUA FORTIS, a'-kwi-fd'r-tis. f 
A corrofive liquor made by diftil- 
ling purified nitre with calcined 

AQUA MARINA, a'-kwa-mi-ri'-na. 
f. The beryl. 

AQUA VIT^, a-kwa-vl'-te. f. 

AQUATICK, a-kwat'-ik. a. That 
which inhabits the water ; that 
which wrows in the water. 

AQU.ATILE, a'-kwa-tile. a. That 
which inhabits the water. 

AQUEDUCT, a -kwe-dua. f A con- 
veyance made for carrying water. 

AQUEOUS, a'-kwe-u.-i. a. Watery. 

AQUEOUSNESS, a'-kwe f. 

AQUILINE, ik'-wy-line. a. Re- 
fenibling an eagle ; when applied 
to the nofe, hooked. 

AQUOSE, a-kvv6fe. a. Watery. 

AQUOSITY, i-kw6s'-it-y. f Wa- 

ARABLE, ar'-abl. a. Fit for tillage. 

ARANEOUS, a-ra-nyus. a. Re- 
fembling a cobweb. 

ARATION, a ra' {hun. f The aft 
or praftice of plowing. 

ARATORY, ar'-a-tur-r\. a. That 
which contributes to tillage. 

ARBALIST, ar-ba-lift. f A crofs- 

ARBITER, a'r-bi-tur. f. A judge 
appointed by the parties, to whofe 
determination they voluntarily fub- 
(nit ; a judge. 

ARBITRABLE, A'r-bl-tribl. a. Ar- 
bitrary, depending upon the will. 

ARBITRAMENT, ar-blt'-tra-ment. 
f. Will, determination, choice. 

ARBlTRARILY,ar-bl-tra-ti-!y. ad. 
With no other rule than the will ; 
defpotically, abfolutely. 

ARBITRARIOUS, ar-bitr.V-ryu3. a. 
Arbitrary, depending on the will. 

ARBITRARIOUSLY, ir - bl - tr:V- 
ryus-ly. ad. According to mere 
will and pleafure. 

ARBITRARY, a r-bl-tra-ry. a. De- 
fpotick, abfolute ; depending on no 
rule, capriciou'. 

To ARBITRATE, a r-Lf-trate. v. a. 
To decide, to determine; to judge 

ARBITRARINESS, aV-bi-tra-rl - 
nefs. f. Defpoticalnefs. 

ARBITR.ATION, ar-bi-tra -Mn. f 
The determination of a caule by a 
judge mutually agreed on by the 

ARBITRATOR, a'r-bl-tra'-tur. f. 
An extraordinary judge between 
party and party, chofen by their 
mutual confent ; a governour ; a 
prefident; he that has the power of 
adiing by his own choice ; the de- 

ARBITREMENT, ar-bh'-tre-mcnt. 
f. Decifion, determination ; com- 

ARBORARY, a'r-bo-ra-r)'-. a. Of or 
belonging to a tree. 

ARBORET, a'r-bo-ret. f. A fmall 
tree or ihrub. 

ARBORIST, ar-bo-rift. f A na- 
turalift who makes trees his lludy. 

ARBOROUS, a'r-bo-rus. a. Belong- 
ing to trees. 

ARBOUR, .Vr-bur. f. A bower. 

ARBUSCLE, a'r-buOcI. f. Any little 

ARBUTE, ar-biite. f Strawberry 

ARC, a'ik. f. A fegment ; a part of 
a circle ; an arch. 

ARCADE, ir-ka'de. f. A continued 

ARCANUM, ar-ka'-num. f. A fecret. 

ARCH, a'rtfh. f. Part of a circle, 
not more than the half; a build- 
ing in form of a fegment of a 
circle, ufed for bridges ; vault of 
heaven ; a chief. 

To ARCH, a'rtdi. v. a. To build 
arches ; to cover with arches. 

ARCH, A'rtfh. a. Chief, of the firfl 
clafs; waggifh, mirthful. 

ARCHANGtL, .ark-a'n-jel. f. One 
of the higheft order of angels. 

ARCHANGEL, ark-an-jel. f. A 
plant, dead neule. 

ARCHANGELICK, .Ark-an-jel'-llk. 

a. Belonging to archangels. 
ARCHBEACON, artfh-be'kn. f. The 

chief place of profpeft, or of 

ARCHBISHOP, artfh-bifh'-up f. A 

bifhop of the firfl clals, who fuper- 

in tends the conduct of other bilhops 

his fulFragans. 
ARCHBISHOPRICK, artfh-bill/- 

up-ri'k. f. The llate, province, or 

jurifdiifiion of an archbilliop. 
ARCHCHANTER, artlh-tfhin'-tur. 

f. 'I he chief chanter. 
ARCHDEACON, artfh-dd'kn. f. 

One that fupplies the bilhop's place 

and ofKce. 
ARCHDEACONRY, aMfli-d^'kn-ry. 

f The office or jurifdiftioa of an 

ARCHDEACONSHJP, artft-d^'kn- 

ftiip. f The office of an arch • 

ARCHDUKE, artfh-du'ke. f. A title 

given to princes of Aullria and Tuf- 

ARCHDUCHESS, artlh-dutfh'-es.f. 

The filler or daughter of the arch- 
duke of Auftria. 

6s'-6-fur. f. Chief philofopher. 
.ARCHPRELATE, artlh-prel'-ate. f. 

Chief prelate. 
ARCHPRESBYTER, artlh-pres'-bl- 

ter. f. Chief prefbyter. 
ARCHPRIEST,artfh-prd'fI.f. Chief 

ARCHAIOLOGY, ar-ka-ol'-o-j^ f. 

A difcourfe on antiquity.'- 

I'k'. a. Relating to a difcourfe on 

ARCHAISM, ar'.ka-lfm. f. An an- 
cient phrafe. 
ARCHED, ar'-tlhed. part. a. Bent 

in the form of an arch. 
ARCHER, ar'-tfhur. f. He that 

flioots with a bow. 
ARCHERY, .ar'-tfhe-ry. f. The ufe 

of the bow ; the aft of (hooting 

with the bow ; the art of an 

ARCHES-COURT, ar'-tfhez-kort. f. 

The chief and moll ancient confifl- 

ory that belongs to the archbifhop 

of Canterbury, for the debating of 

fpiritual caufes. 
ARCHETYPE, ar'-ke-type. f. The 

original of which any refemblance 

is made. 
ARCHETYPAL, ar'-ke-t^-pal. a. 

ARCHEUS, ar-ke'-us. f. A power 

that prefides over the animal ceco- 






ARCHIDIACONAL, ar-ky-diik'- 
6-n4l. a. Belonging to an arch- 

ko-pal. a. Belonging to an arch- 

ARCHITECT, ar-kyrtekt. f. Apro- 
feflbr of the art of building; a 
builder ; the contriver of a; y thing. 

ARCHITECTIVE, ar-ky-tek'-tiv.a. 
That performs the work of archi- 

ton'-rJk. a. That which has the 
power or {kill of an architeft. 

ARCHITECTURE, ar-ky-tek- 
tlhiir. f. The art or fcience of 
building ; the effeft or perform- 
ance of the fcience of building. 

ARCHITRAVE, a'r-ky-trave. f. 
That part of a column which lies 
immediately upon the capital, and 
is the lowell member of the enta- 

ARCHIVES, a'r-klvz. f. The places 
where records or ancient writings 
are kept. 

ARCHWISE, a'rtlh-wize. a. In the 
form of an arch. 

ARCTATION, ark-ta'-Mn.f. Con- 

ARCTICK, a'rk-ilk. a. Northern. 

ARCUATE, a'r-ku-ate. a. Bent in 
the form of an arch. 

ARCUATION, ar-ku-a'-Mn. f. The 
aft of bending any thing, incurva- 
tion ; the ftate of being bent, cur- 
vity, or crookednefs. 

ARCUBALISTER, ar-ku-bal'- if-tur. 
f. A crofs-bow man. 

ARDENCY, ar-den-fy. f. Ardour, 

ARDENT, a'r-dent. a. Hot, burn- 
ing, fiery ; fierce, vehement ; paf- 
fionate, aireftionate. 

ARDENTLY, ar-dint-1^ ad. Ea 
gerly, affeftionately. 

ARDOUR, a'r-dur. f. Heat; heat 
of affection, as love, defire, courage. 

ARDUITY, ir-di'-i-t^ f. Height, 

ARDUOUS, J'r-du us. a. Lofty, 
hard to climb; difficult. 

ARDUOUSNESS, a'r-dCi-uf-nes. f. 
Height, difficulty. 

ARE, i]'. The plural of the prefent 
tenfe of the verb To be. 

AREA, a'-ryi. f. The furface con- 
tained between any lines or boun- 
daries ; any open furface. 

ToAREAD, i-rc'd. v.a. Toadvife, 
to direfl. Little ufed. 

^REFACTION, ir-i«-fAk'.Ihin. f. 
The ftate of growing dry, the ail 
cf drying. 

To AREFY, ar'-rd-fy. v. a. Todry. 

ARENACEOUS, i-ri-naVflius. a. 

.ARENOSE, J-ie rofe. a. Sandy. 

ARENULOUS. a-ren'-u-lus. a. Full 
of fmall fand, gravelly. 

AREOTICK, a-re 6i'-Ik. a. Such 
medicines as open the pores. 

ARGENT, a'r-jent. a. Having the 
white colour ufed in the armorial 
coats of gentlemen, knights, and 
baronets ; filver, bright like filver. 

ARGIL, a'r-jil. f. Potters clay. 

ARGILLACEOUS, ar-jil-la'-il,'us. a. 
Clayey, confiding of argil, or pot- 
ters clay. 

ARGILLOUS, ar-jil'-lus. a. Con- 
fiding of clay, clayilh. 

ARGOSY, a'r-go-fy. f. Alargevef- 
fel for merchandife, a carrack. 

To ARGUE, ar-gu. v. n. To rea- 
fon, to offer reafons ; to perfaade 
by argument ; to difpute. 

To ARGUE, ar-gu. v. a. To prove 
any thing by argument; to debate 
any queftion ; to charge with as a 
crime : with of. 

ARGUER, a'r-gu-ur. f. A reafoner, 
a difputer. 

/iRGUMENT, a'r-gu-ment. f. A 
reafon alleged for or againft any 
thing; the fjbjeft of any difcourfe 
or writing ; the contents of any 
work fummed up by way of ab- 
ftraft ; controverfy. 

ARGUMENTAL, ai-gu-men'-tal. a. 
Belonging to argument. 

ARGUMENTATION, ar-gu-men- 
ta'-(hun. f. Reafoning, the aft of 

ARGUMENTATIVE, -ir-gu-men'- 
ta-tiv a. Confiding of argument, 
containing argument. 

ARGUTE, ir-gu'te. a. Subtile, 
witty, (harp, ihrill. 

ARID, ar'-rid. a. Dry, parched up. 

ARIDITY, a-rid'-dl-ty. f. Drynefs, 
ficcity; a kind of infenfibility in 

ARIES, a'-ryez. f. The ram, one 
of the twelve figns of the zodiack. 

To ARIETATE, a'-rye-tite. v. n. 
To butt like a ram. 

ARIETATION, a-ryS-ti'-lhun. f. 
The afl of butting like a ram ; the 
aft of battering with an engine call- 
ed a ram. 

ARIETTA, a-r^-ci'-ti, f. A Ihort 
air, fong, or tune. 

ARiiGHT, a-ri'te. ad. Rightly, with- 
out errour; rightly, without crime; 
rightly, without failing of the end 

ARIOLATION, i-ry-o-li'-fl.un. f. 

To ARISE, i-ri'ze. v. n. pret. arofe, 
part, arifen. To mount upward 
as the fun ; to get up as from deep, 
or from reft ; to revive from death j 
to enter upon a new ftation ; to 
commence hodility. 

ARISTOCRACY, a-rlf-tok'-kra-f^-. 
f. That form of government which 
pl.ices the fupreme power in the 

ARIS rOCRATICAL, S-rif-ta-kr4t'- 
li-kal. a. Relating to ariftocracy. 

to-krat'-ti-kal-nes. f. An arido- 
cratical date. 

ARITHMANCY, a-rlth'-min-fy. f. 
A foretelling of future events by 

ARITHMETICAL, i-rith-met'-ti- 
kal. a. According to the rules or 
method of arithmetick. 

ARITHMETICALLY, i-rlth-met'- 
ti-kal-Iy. ad. In an arithmetical 

ARITHMETICIAN, a-riih-mc-tl(h'- 
an. f. A mafter of the art of 

ARITHMETICK, a-rith'-me-tik. f. 
The fcience of numbers ; the art of 

ARK, ark. f. A veflel to fwim upon 
the water, ufually applied to that 
in which Noah was preferved from 
the univerfal deluge ; the repofito- 
ry of the covenant of God with the 

ARM, a'rm. f. The limb which 
reaches from the hand to the (houU 
der ; the large bough of a tree ; 
an inlet of water from the fea ; 
power, might, as the fecular arm. 

To ARM, a'rm. v. a. To furnilh. 
with armour of defence, or wea- 
pons of offence; to plate with any 
thing that may add ftrength; to 
furnidi, to fit up. 

To ARM, a'rm. v. n. To take 
arms ; to provide againft. 

ARMADA, ar-ma'-di. f. An arma- 
ment for fea. 

ARMADILLO, ir-ma-dll'^li. f. A 
four-footed animal of Brafil. 

ARMAMENT, i'r-ma-ment. f A 
naval force. 

ARMATURE, i'r-ma-tiire. f. Ar- 

ARMENTAL, ar-m(in'-tal. ) 

ARMENTINE, a'r-men-tlne. $ ^' 
Belonging to a drove or herd of 

'ARMGAUNT, i'rm-ga'nt. a. Slen- 
der as the arm ; or rather, flender 
with want. 

ARM-HOLE, i'rm-hule. f. The ca- 
vity under the Ihou.der. 






ARMIGEROU3, ar-mldzh'-e-rus. a. 

Bearing arms. 
ARMILLARY. i'r-niil-a-r>'. a. Re- 

fembling; a bracelet. 
ARMILLATED, a'r-mil-a-ted. a. 

Wearing bracelets. 
ARMINGS, a'r-mlQgz. f. The fame 

with walle-clothes. 
ARMIPOTENCE, ar-mip'-6-tens. f. 

Power in war. 
ARMIPOTENT, ar-mJp'-o-tent. a. 

Mighty in war. 
ARMISTICE, ar'-mi-flii. f. A (hort 

ARMLET, arm-let. f. A little 

arm ; a piece of armour for'the arm ; 

a bracelet for the arm. 
ARMON'IACK, kr-mb'-oyzk. f. The 

name of a fait. 
ARMORER, a'r-mur-ur. f. He that 

makes armour, or weapons ; he that 

drefles another in armour. 
ARMORIAL, ar-mo-ryal. a. Be- 
longing to the arms or efcutcheon 

of a family. 
ARMORY,' a'r-mur-y. f. The place 

in which arms are repofited for ufe ; 

armour, arms of defence; enfigns 

ARMOUR, ar-mur. f. Defenfive 

ARMOUR BEARER. a"r-mur-be'- 

rur. f. He that carries the armour 

of another. 
ARMPIT, arm-pit. f. The hollow 

place under the flioulder. 
ARMS, armz. f. Weapons of of- 
fence, or armour of defence ; a 

ftate of hoftility ; war in general ; 

aftion, the aft of taking arms ; the 

enfigns armorial of a family. 
ARMY, ar-my. f A colleftion of 

armed men, obliged to obey their 

generals; a great number. 
AROMATICAL, a-r6-mat'-{-kal. ) 
AROMATICK, a-ro-mai'-Ik. j 

a. Spicy; fragrant, ftrong fcented. 
AROMATICKS, a-ro-mat'-Iks. f 

AROMATIZATION, a-ro-ma-ti- 

za'-lhun. f. The aft of fcenting 

with fpices. 
To AROjVIATIZE, ar'-ro-ma-tize. 

V. a. lo (cent with fpices, to im- 
pregnate with fpices ; to fcent, to 

AROSE, a-ro'ze. The preterite of 

the verb Arife. 
AROUND, a-rou'nd. ad. In a circle; 

on every fide. 
AROUXD, a-rou'nd. prep.. About. 
'Jo .AROUSE, i-rou'ze. v. a. To 

wake from fleep ; to raife up, to 

AROW, a-ro'. ad. In a row. 

AROYNT, a-roy'nt. ad. Be gone, 

ARQUEBUSE, ar'-kwe-bus, f. A 
hand gun. 

ARQPKBUSIER, ar-kwe-buf-e'r. f. 
A foldier armed with an arque- 

ARR.ACK, ar'-rak. f. A fpirituous 

To ARRAIGN, ar-ra'ne. v. a. To 
fet a thing in order, in its place : 
a prifoner is faid to be arraigned, 
when he is brought forth to his 
trial ; to accufe, to charge with 
faults in general, as in coniroverfy 
or in fatire. 

ARRAIGNMENT, ar-ra'ne-ment. f. 
The aft of arraigning, a charge. 

To ARRANGE, ir-ra'nje- v. a. To 
put in the proper order for any pur- 

ARRANGEMENT, ar-ra'nje-ment. 
f. The aft of putting in proper or- 
der, the ftate of being put in order. 

.\RRANT, ar'-rant. a. Bad in a 
high degree. 

ARRANTLY, ar'-rant-ly. ad. Cor- 
ruptly, (hamefuUy. 

ARRAS, a'r-ras. f. Tapeftry. 

AJIRAUGHT. ar-ra't. a. Seized 
by violence. Out of ufe. 

ARRAY, ar-ra . f. Drefs ; order of 
battle j inlaw, the ranking or fet- 
ting in order. 

To ARRAY, ar-ra'. v. a. To put 
in order ; to deck, to drefs. 

ARRAYERS, ar-ra -urs. f. Officers, 
who anciently had the care of fee- 
ing the Ibldiers duly appointed in 
their armour. 

ARREAR, ar-re'r. f. That which 
remains behind unpaid, though 

ARREARAGE, ar-re'-raje. f. The 
remainder of an account. 

ARRENT.ATION, ar-ren-ta'-Mn. 
f. The licenfing an owner of lands 
in the foreft to inclofe. 

ARREPTITIOUS, ar-rep-tiih'-us. a. 
Snatched away ; crept in privily. 

ARREST, ar-reir. f. In law, a flop 
or ftay. an arreft is a rellraiat of a 
man's oerfnn ; anv caotion. 

To ARREST, ar-relV. v'. a. To feize 
by a mandate from a court ; to feize 
any thing by law ; to feize, to lay 
hands on ; to with-hold, to hinder ; 
to flop motion. 

ARRIERE, ar-ryere. f. The laft 
body of an armv. 

ARRISION, ir-rizh'-un. f. A fmil- 
ing upon. 

ARRIVAL, ar-ri'-vil. f. The aft 
of coming to any place; the at- 
tainment of any purpofe. 

ARRIVANCE, £r-il'-v5ns. f Com- 

pany coming. 
To ARRIVE, ar-rlVe. v. n. To 
come to any place by water ; to 
reach any place by travelling ; to 
reach any point ; to gain any thing; 
to happen. 

To ARRODE, ir-r6'de. v. a. To 
gnaw or nibble. 

ARROGANCE, ar'-ro-gans. ) , 

ARROGANCY, ir'-ro-gan-f^. S 
The aft or quality of taking much 
upon one's fcif 

ARROGANT, ar'-ro-gant. a. Haugh- 
tv, proud. 

ARROGANTLY, ar'-ro-gant-l^ ad. 
In r;n arrogant manner. 

ARROGANTNESS, ar'-ro-gant-r.6s. 
f. Arrogance. 

To ARROGATE, ar'-i6-gace. v. a. 
To claim vainly ; to exhibit unjull: 
claims. ^ 

ARROGATION, ar-ro-ga'-lhun. f. 
A claiming in a proud manner. 

ARROSIOi\.4r-r6'-zhun.f. A gnaw- 

ARROW, kr'rb. f. The pointed 
weapon which is Ihot from a 

ARROWHEAD, ar'-ro-hed. f. A 
water plant. 

.ARROWY, ar'-ro-y. a. Confifting 
of arrows. 

ARSE, ar'fe. f. The buttocks. 

ARSE FOOT, a'rs-fut. f. A kind 
of water fowl. 

ARSE SMART, ar's-fmi'rt. f. A 

ARSENAL, S'rf-nal. f. A repofi- 
tory of things requifite to war, a 

ARSENICAL, ar-fen'-i-kal.a. Con- 
taining arfenick. 

ARSENICK, 4'rf-n!k. f. A mine- 
ral fi.'b!'.ance ; a violent corrofive 

ART, a'rt. f. The power of doing 
fomething not taught by nature and 
inftinft ; a fcience, as the liberal 
arts; a trade; artfulnefs, ikill, 
dexterity ; cunning. 

ARTERIAL, ar-te'-ryal. a. That 
which relates to the artery, that 
which is contained in the artery. 

ARTERIOTOMY, ar-ie-r>'--6t'-to- 
my. f. The operation of letting 
blood from the artery ; the cutting 
of an artery. 

ARTERY, a'r-te-ry. f. An artery 
is a conical canal, conveying the 
blood from the heart to all parts of 
the body. 

ARTFUL, a'rt-ffil." a. Performed 
with art ; artificial, not natural ; 
cunning, . (kilful, dexterous. 

F 2 ART- 




ARTFULLY, i'rt-ful-l^ ad. With 
art, (kilfully. 

ARTi Skill, 

AKTHRITICK, ir-ihrJt'-ik. 7 

ARTHRriJCAL. ar-ihrii'-i-kii. { 
a. Gouty, relating to the gout; 
relating to joints. 

AR'ilCHOKE,ar-iy-i(h6ke. f. This 
plant is very like the thillle, but 
hath large fcaly heads fhaped like 
the cone of the pine tree. 

ARl'ICK, a'r-tik. a. Northern. 

ARTICLE, ar'-lJkl. r. A part of 
fpeech, as the, an ; a fingle claufe 
of an account, a particular part 
of .-iny complex thing ; term, 
flipulation ; point of time, e.xaft 

To ARTICLE, a'r-tikl. v. n. To 
ftipulate, to make terms. 

ARTICULAR, ar-tik'-u-!ar. a. Ee- 
longing to the joints. 

ARTICULATE, ar-ijk'-u-iite. a. 
Dillind ; branched out into ar- 

To ARTICULATE, ir-iik'-u-late. 
V. a. To form ttords, to fpeak as 
a man ; to draw up in articles ; to 
make terms. 

ARTICULATELY, ar-tik'-u-Iate- 
ly. ad. In an articulate voice. 

late-nes. f. The quality of being 

ARTICULATION, ar- tJk-u-la'- 
fhnn. f. The jundure, or joint of 
bones ; the act of forming words ; 
in botany, the joints in plants. 

ARTIFICE, a'r-ti-lis. f. Trick, 
fraud, ftraiagem ; art, trade. 

ARTIFICER, ar tif-fi-fur. f. An 
artift, a manufadurer ; a forger, a 
contriver ; a de.vtrous or artful fel- 

ARTIFICIAL, ar-ti-fj^'h-al. a. 
Made by art, not natural ; fidi- 
tious, not genuine ; artful, con- 
trived with ikill. 

ARTL^ICIALLY, ar-tl-fi(h'-il-ly. 
ad. Artfully, with Ikill, with 
good contrivance ; by art, not na- 

ARTIFICIALNESS, ar-ti-fllh'-al- 
nes. f. Artfulnefs. 

ARTILLERY, ar-tJI'-le-ry. f. Wea- 
pons of war J cannon, great ord- 

ART ISAN, ar-ti-zan'. f. Artift, 
profeflor of an art; manufadurer, 
low tradefnian. 

ARTIST, a'r-tllL f. The profeflor 
of an art ; a flcilful man, not a 

ARTLESLY, .A'rt-Icf-Iy. ad. In 

an artlefs manner, naturally, fin- 

ARTLESS, i'rt-les. a. Unfkilful, 
without fraud, as an artlefs maid ; 
contrived without Ikill, as an art- 
lefs tale. 

To ARTUATE, .Vr-tu ate. v. a. To 
tear limb from limb. 

ARUNDINACIOUS, A-run-di-na- 
.Iius. a. Of or like reeds. 

AKUNDINEOUS, i-run-dln'-yus. 
a. .Abounding with reeds. 

.•\S, az'. conjunct. In the fame man- 
ner with fomething elfe; like, of 
the fame kind with ; in the fame 
degree with ; as if, in the fame 
manner ; as it were, in feme fort ; 
while, at the fame time that ; 
equally ; how, in what manner ; 
with, anfwering to Like or Same ; 
in a reciprocal fenfe, anfwer- 
ing to As ; anfwering to Such ; 
having So to anfwer it, in the con- 
ditional fenfe ; anfwering to So con- 
ditionally; As for, witii refpeft to ; 
As to, with refpefl to; As well as 
equally with; As thousli, as if. 

ASAFOETIDA, af-sa-fct'-i-da. f. A 
gum or refin brought from the Eaft 
Indies, of a ftiarp talle, and a Urong 
oft'enfive fmell. 

ASARABACCA, Jf-fi-ra-bik'-ka. f. 
The name of a plant. 

.ASBESTINE, az-bes'-tin. a. Some 
thing incombufiible. 

ASBESTOS, az-bes'-ius. f. A fort 
of native fofEIe llone, which may 
be fplit into threads and filaments, 
from one inch to ten inches in 
length, very fine, brittle, yet fome- 
«hat tradable. It is endued with 
the wonderful property of remain- 
ing unconfumed in the fire, which 
only whitens it. 

ASCARIDES, af-kar'-i-dcz. f. Little 
worms in the rcdum. 

To ASCEND, al-fend'. v. n. To 
mount upwards ; to proceed from 
one degree of knowledge to an- 
other ; to ftand higher in genea- 

To ASCEND, af-fend'. v. a. To 
cli.Tib up any thing. 

ASCENDABLE, af-fcnd'-abl. a. 
That which mav be afcended. 

ASCENDANT, af-fen'-dant. f. The 
part of the ecliptick at any parti- 
cular time above the horizon, which 
is fuppofed by rtllrologers to have 
great influence ; height, elevation ; 
fuperiority, influence; one of the 
degrees of kindred reckoned up- 

ASCENDANT, af-fen'-dint. a. Su- 
perior, predominant, overpower- 

ing J in an aftrological fenfe, above 
the horizon. 
ASCENDENCY, af-fen'-den-«- f. 

Influence, power. 
ASCENSION, ai-fcn'-(hun. f. The 
ad of afcending or rifing ; the vi- 
fible elevation of our Saviour to 
heaven; the thing rifing or mount- 
ASCENSION-DAY, ar-fen"-(hun- 
da'. f. The day on which the af- 
cenfion of our Saviour is comme- 
morated, commonly called Holy ,• 
Thurfday, the Thurfd.iy but one 
before Whitfuntide. 

ASCENSIVE, af-fen'-slv. a. In a 
Hate of afcent. 

ASCENT, af-fent'. f. Rife, the ad 
of rifing ; the way by which one 
afcends ; an eminence, or high 

To ASCERTAIN, af-fcr-la'ne. v. a. 
To make certain, to fix, to efta- 
blifft ; to make confident. 

ASCERTAIN ER, al-fer-ta'-niir. f. 
The perfon that proves or efta- 

ASCERTAINMENT, af-fer-ta'n- 
mcnt. f. A fettled rule ; a ftand- 

ASCETICK, af-ket'-ik. a. Em- 
ployed wholly in exerci-fes of devo- 
tion and mortification. 

ASCETICK, af-ket'-ik. f He that 
retires to devotion, a hermit. 

ASClTf.S, af-ki'-tes. f. A particu- 
lar fpecies of dropfy, a fwelling of 
the lower belly and depending 
parts, from an extravafation of 

ASCrriCAL, af-ki'i'-i-kal. > 

ASCITICK, Af-kit'-ik. i ^• 

Dropfical, hvdropical. 

ASClTiTIOUS, af-si-tilh'-ns. a. 
Supplemental, additional. 

ASCRI3ABLE, if-ikri'-babl. a. That 
which may be afcribed. 

To ASCRIBE, Af-krI'be. v. a. To 
attrioute to as a caufe; to attri- 
bute to as a pofFeflbr. 

ASCRIPTION, -if-krlp-lhun. f. 
The ad of afcribing. 

ASCRIFTITIOUS, if-krlp-ti(h'-is. 
a. That which is afcribed. 

ASH, as'h. C. A tree. 

ASH COLOURED, a(h'- kul-i\rd. 
a. Coloured between brown and 

ASHAMED, a-fha'-med. a. Touch- 
ed with fhaaie. 

ASHEN, ilh'n. a. Made of a(h 
wood . 

ASHES, a(h'-i2. f. The remains of 
any thing burnt; the remains of 
the body. 





ASHLAR, alli'-lur. f. Free ilones 
as they come out of the quarrv. 

ASKLERING, aHi'-le-ilng. f. Quar- 
tering; in p arrets. 

ASHORE, a-fhore. ad. On (here, on 
the land ; to the Oiore, to the land. 

ASH\VEDNESDAY,afh-wcnz'-c;.i. r. 
The firll day of Lent, lo called from 
the ancient cullom cf fprinkling 
adies on the head. 

ASHWEED, alh'-wcd. f. An herb. 

ASHV, afh'-y. a. Afh-coloured, 
pale, inclining to a whitilh grey. 

ASIDE, a-si'de. ad. To one fide ; 
to another part ; from the com- 

ASINARY, as'-si-na-ry. a. Belong- 
ing to an afs. 

ASININE, as'-si-rine. a. Belong- 
ing to an als. 

To ASK, a&'. V. a. To petition, to 
bej ; to demand, to claim ; to en- 
quire, to quellion ; to require. 

ASKANCE, ?./..- J c-j 

ASKAUNCE, I ^-'^^"^ • ^'^- ^"^^- 
ways, obliquely. 

ASKAUNT, a-fk.ini'. ad. Oblique- 
ly, on one fide. 

ASKER, aik'-iir. f. Petitioner; en- 

ASKER, iflc'-ur. f. A water newt. 

ASKEW, a-feu. ad. Afide, with 
contempt, contemptuoudy. 

To ASLAKE, i-lla'ke. v. a. To 
remit, to flacken. 

ASLANT, a-(lint'. ad. Obliquely, 
on one fide. 

ASLEEP, a-fle'p. ad. Sleeping; into 

ASLOPE, a-flope. ad. With de- 
clivity, obliquely. 

ASP, o'r ASPICK, afp'. f. A kind of 
ferpent, whofe poifon is fo danger- 
ous and quick in its operation, that 
it kills without a poifibility of ap- 
plying any remedy. Thofe that 
are bitten by it, die by fleep and 

ASP, Afp'. f. A tree. 

ASPALATHUS, af-paJ'-a-thus. f. A 
plant called the wood of Jerufalem ; 
the wood of a certain tree. 

ASPARAGUS, af-par'-a-gus. f. The 
name of a plant. 

ASPECT, as'-pekt. f. Lock, air, 
appearance; countenance; glance, 
view, acl of beholding ; direftion 
towards any point, pofition ; dif- 
pofition of any thing to fomething 
elfe, relation; difpofition of a pla- 
net to other planets. 

To ASPECT, af-pek't. v. a. To be- 

ASPECTA8LE, af-pek'-tabl. a. Vi- 

ASPECTION, af-pek'-(hiin. f. Be- 
holding, view. 

ASPEN, as'-pln. f. A tree, the leaves 
of which always tremble. 

ASPiiN, iU'-pIn. a. Belonging to 
the afp tree; made of afpen wood. 

ASPER, ii'per. a. Rough, iiigged. 

To ASPERATE, :\b'-fc-i.ue. v. a. To I 
mske rough. 

ASPERATION, if-pc-ra'-ftiun. f. A 
making rough. 

ASrERli'OLlOUS,i\f-per-y-fo-l) us. 1 
a. Plants, fo called from the rough- I 
nefs of their leaves. \ 

ASPERITY, af-per'-y-ty. f. Uneven - 
nefs, roughnefs of furface ; rough- 
ncfs cf found; roughnefs, or rug- 
gcdrefs of temper. 

ASPERN.VnON, af-per-na-lliiui. f. 
Neglert, difregard. 

ASPEROUS, as'-pe-jus. a. Rough, 

To ASPERSE, af-pers'c. v. a. To 
befpatter with cenfure or calumny. 

ASPERSION, if-per'-lhun. f. 'A 
(prinkling, calumny, cenfure. 

ASPHALllCK, af-fal'-tlk. a. Gum- 
my, bituminous. 

ASPHALTOS, ki'-fhV-ius. f. A bi- 
tuminous, inflammable fubftancc, 
refembling pitch, and chiefly found 
fwimming on the iurface of the 
Lacus .Afphaltites, or Dead Sea, 
u here anciently flood the cities of 
Sodom and Gomorrah. 

ASPHALTUM, .if-fir-tiira. f. A 
bituminous flone found near the an- 
cient Babylon. 

ASPHODEL, a.'-fo-del. f. Day- 

ASPICK, as'-pik. f. The name of 
a ferpent . 

To ASPIRATE, as'- pLrite. v. a. To 
pronounce with full breath, as horfe, 

ASPIRATE, ;'is'-pi rate. a. Pronoun- 
ced with full breath. 

ASPIRATION, af-i-i-ri'-iliun. f. A 
breathing after, an ardent wilh; the 
aft of afpiring, or defiring fome- 
thing high ; the pronunciation of a 
vowel uith full breath. 

To ASPIRE, af-pi're. v. n. To de- 
fire with eagernefs, to pant after 
fomething higher ; to rife higher. 

ASPORTATION, af-p6r-ta'-lhun. f. 
A carrying away. 

ASQUINT, a-flcwint'. ad. Oblique- 
ly, not in the ilraight line of vi- 

ASS, afs'. f. An animal of burden ; 
a ftupid, heavy, dull fellow, a 

To ASSAIL, af-sa'le. v. a. To at- 
tack in a hclUle manner, to afTauIt, 

to fall upon ; to attack with argu- 
ment or cenfure. 

ASSAILABLE, af-sa'labl. a. That 
which may be attacked 

ASSAILANT, af-,a'-lant. f. He that 

ASbAILANT,af-sa'-h'int. a. Attack- 
ing, invading. 

ASS.AILER, af-sa'-lur. f. One who 
attacks another. 

ASSAPANICK, af-si-pan'-nik. f. 
The fl):ng fquirrel. 

.'\SSASS1N, af-sas'-sin. f. .A mur- 
derer, one that kills by fudden 

To ASSASSINATE, if-sas'-si-nacc. 
V. a. To murder by violence ; to 
way-lay, to take by treachery. 

ASSASSIN.VriON, af- saf-si - nu- 
fliun. f. The aft of aflaflinating. 

ASSASSINATOR, if-sas'-I-na-iur. 
f. Murderer, mankiller. 

ASSATION, af-Fa-fhiin. f. Roaillng. 

ASSAULT, af-sd'lt. f. Storm, op- 
pofed to fap or fiege ; violence ; 
invafion, hoflility, attack ; in law, 
a violent kind of injury oifered to a 
man's perfon. 

To ASSAULT, af-salt. v. a. To 
attack, to invade. 

ASSAULTER, af-sa'lt-ur. f. One 
who violently alfaults another. 

ASSAY, af-sa'. f Examination ; in 
law, the examination of meafures 
and weights ufed by the clerk of 
the market ; the tirll entrance upon 
any thing ; attack, trouble. 

To -ASSAY, af-sa'. v. a. To make 
trial of; to apply to, as the touch- 
flone in afTaying metals ; to try, to 

ASSAYER, af-;a-ur. f. An officer 
of the mint, for the due trial of 

ASSECTATION, af-fek-ta'-fhun. f. 

.\SSECUTION, af-fe-ki'-fliim. f. 

ASSEMBLAGE, .if-fem'-bledzh. f. 
A colleftion ; a number of indivi- 
duals brought together. 

To ASSEMBLE, af-fem'bl. v. a. To 
bring together into one place. 

To ASSEMBLE, af-fem'bl. v. n To 
meet together. 

ASSEMBLY, af-fem'-bly. f. A com- 
pany met together. 

ASSENT, af lent'. f._ The aft of 
agreeing to any thing; conlent, 

To ASSENT, af-feni'. v.n. To con- 
cede, to yield to. 

ASSEiNTATlON, af-fen-ti'-fhim. f. 
Compliance with the opinion of 
another out of flattery. 





AS-ENTMENT, af-feni'-roent. f. 

To ASSERT, hClen'. v. a. To 
maintain, to defend either by words 
or adions; to affirm ; to claim, to 
vindicate a title to. 

ASSERTION, af-fei'-(hun. f. The 
aft of aflerting. 

ASSERTIVE, if-fer'-tiv. a. Pofi- 
tive, dogmatical. 

ASSERTOR, a("-fer'-tur. f. Main- 
tainer, vindicator, affirmer.'.v.a. Toferve, 
help, or fecond. 

To ASSESS, af-fes'. V. a. To charge 
with any certain fum. 

ASSESSION, af-fes'-Mn. f. A fit- 
ting down by one. 

ASSESSMENT, af-fes'-ment. f. The 
fum levied on certain property ; the 
aft of aflefling. 

ASSESSOR, Af-fes'-fur. f. The per- 
fon that fits by the judge ; he that 
Jits by another as next in dignity; 
he that lays taxes. 

ASSETS, as'-fets. f. Goods fuffi- 
cient to difcharge that burden, 
which is call upon the executor or 

To ASSEVER, af-fev'-er. 1 

To ASSEVERATE, af-fev'-e-rate. J 
V. a. To affirm with great folem- 
nity, as upon oath. 

f. Solemn affirmation, as upon 

ASSHEAD, is'-hed. f. A blockhead. 

ASSIDUITY, if-fy-dii'-J-ty. f. Di- 

ASSIDUOUS, af-sid'-dtl-us. a. Con- 
ftant in application. 

ASSIDUOUSLY, af-sld'-i-if-lj'. ad. 
Diligently, continually. 

ASSIENTO, .\r-fy-cn'-to. f. A con- 
traft or convention between the 
kings of Spain and other powers, 
for furnifhing the Spanifh domi- 
nions in America with flaves. 

To ASSIGN, af-si'ne. v. a. To mark 
out, to appoint ; to fix with regard 
to quantity or value ; to give a rea- 
fon for; in law, to appoint a de- 
puty, or make over a right to an- 

ASSIGNABLE, Jf-si'ne-abL a. That 
which may beaffigned. 

ASSIGNATION, af-slg-nA'-ftiin. f. 
An appointment to meet, ufed ge- 
nerally of love appointments ; a 
making over a thing to another. 
ASSIGNEE, ■d-if-n'i'. f. He that 
is appointed or deputed by another, 
to do any aft, or perform any 
bufinefs, or enjoy any commo- 

ASSIGNER, af-ti'-niir. f. He that 

ASSIGNMENT, af-ti'nc-ri;^nt. f. 
Appointment of one thing with re- 
gard to another thing or perfon ; in 
law, the deed by which any thing is 
transferred from one to another. 

ASSIMILABLE, af .-Im'-i-libl. a. 
That which may be converted to 
the fame nature with fomething 

To ASSIMILATE, af-slm'-l-late. 
V. a. To convert to the fame na- 
ture with another thing ; to bring 
to a likenefs, or refemhlance. 

ASSIMILATENESS, af-slni'-ml-Iat- 
nes. f. Likenefs. 

ASSIMIL.ATION, af-sim-i-la'-ftun. 
f. The aft of converting any thing 
to the nature or fubft?nce of an- 
other; the Hate of being affimi- 
lated; the aft of growing like fome 
other being. 

To ASSIST, af-MlV. v. a. To help. 

ASSISTANCE, al-sis'-tans. f. Help, 

ASSISTANT, if-sls'-tant. a. Help- 
ing, lending aid. 

ASSISTANT, Af-sis'-tant. f. A per- 
fon engaged in an affair not as 
principal, but as auxiliary or mini- 

ASSIZE, af-si'ze. f. A court of ju- 
dicature held twice a year in every 
county in which caufes are tried by 
a judge and jury ; an ordinance or 
ftatute to determine the weight of 

To ASSIZE, af-si'ze. v. a. To fix 
the rate of any thing. 

ASSIZER, af-si'-zur. f. An officer 
that has the care of weights and 

ASSQCIABLE, af-so-lhabl. a. That 
which may be joined to another. 

To ASSOCIATE, af-s6'-fhate. v. a. 
To unite with another as a con- 
federate ; to adopt as a friend upon 
equal terms ; to accompany. 

ASSOCIATE, af-so-Ihate. a. Con- 

ASSOCIATE, af-so'-fiiAte. f. A part- 
ner ; a confederate ; a companion. 

ASSOCI.ATION, af-o6-(ha'-flu'in. (. 
Union, conjunftion, fociety ; con- 
federacy ; partnerfliip ; conneftion. 

ASSONANCE, as'-s6-nans. f. Re- 
ference of one found to another re- 
fembling it. 

ASSONANT, as'-s6-nint. a. Rc- 
fembling another found. 

To ASSORT, if-fart'. v. a. To range 
in clafl'i's. 

ASSORTMENT, af-f4rt'-m^nt. f. 
The aft of cJaffing or ranging ; a 

mafs or qu'antity properly felecled 
and ranged. 

To ASSOT, af-fot'. v. a. To infa- 

To ASSUAGE, if-fwa'je. v. a. To 
mitigate, to foften ; to appeafe, to 
pacify ; to eafe. 

ASSUAGEMENT, af-fwa'je-ment. f. 
What mitigates or foftens. 

ASSUAGER, af-Ava'-jur. f. One 
who pacifies or appeafes. 

ASSUASIVE, af-fwa'-siv. a. Soft- 
ening, mitigating. 

To ASSUBJUGA7'E,af-fub'-j6-gate. 
v. a. To fubjeft to. 

ASSUEF ACTION, af-fwe-fak'-fliun. 
f The ftate of being accuftom- 

ASSUETUDE, as'-fwe-tude. f. Ac- 
cuftomance, cullom. 

To ASSUME, af-fu'me. v a. To 
take; to take upon one's felf; to 
arrogate, to claim or feize unjull- 
ly ; to fuppofe fomething without 
proof; to appropriate. 

ASSUMER, affu-mur. f. An ar- 
rogant man. 

ASSUMING, af-fu-ming. particip. 
a. Arrogant, haughty. 

ASSUMPSIT, af-fum'-sit. f. A vo- 
luntary promife made by word, 
whereby a man taketh upon him to 
perform or pay any thing to an- 

ASSUMPTION, af-fump'-(hun. f. 
The aft of taking any thing to 
one's felf; the fuppofition of any 
thing without farther proof; the 
thing fuppofed, a pollulate ; the 
taking up any perfnn into heaven. 

ASSUMPTIVE, af- fump'- tlv. a. 
That which is affiimed. 

ASSURANCE, af-iho'-rans. f. Cer- 
tain expeftation ; fecure confidence, 
trull; freedom from doubt, certain 
knowledge ; firmnefs, undoubting 
fteadinefs ; confidence, want of mo- 
delly ; ground of confidence, fecu- 
curity given ; fpirit, intrepidity.; 
telHmony ofcredit ; conviftion ; in- 

To ASSURE, af-lh(Vre. v. a. To 
give confidence by a firm promife ; 
to fecure another; to make confi- 
dent, to exempt from doubt or 
fear ; to make fecure. 
ASSURED, af-lho'-red. particip. a. 
Certain, indubitable; certain, not 
doubting; immodeft, vicioufly con- 
ASSUREDLY, .\f-(h6'-red-l)'. ad. 

Certainly, indubitablv. 
ASSUREDNESS, if-ffio-rid-nls. f 
The Hate of being alTured, cer- 





ASSURER, af-(h6'-riir. f. He that 

gives afi'urance ; he that gives fecu- 

ritv to make good any lot's. 
ASTERISK, as'-te-ri(k. f. A mark 

in printing, as *. 
ASTERISIVI, as'-t5-rlfm. f. A con- 

ASTHMA, 5s'-ma. f. A frequent, 

difficult, and Ihort refpiration, join- 
ed with a hilTing found and a cough. 
ASTHMATICAL, af-mat'-I-kal. ) 
ASTHMATICK, if-mit'-ik. J 

a. Troubled with an aflhma. 
ASTERN, a-ftern'. ad. In the hin- 
der part of the /hip, behind the fhip. 
To ASTERT, a-flert'. v. a. To ter- 
rify, to ftartle, to fright. 
ASTONIED, af-to-ny-cd. part. a. 

A word ufed for aftonifhed. 
To ASTONISH, af-ton'-ni'lh. v. a. 

To confound with fear or wonder, 

to amaze. 
ASTONISHINGLY, if-tin'-Ilh-Ing- 

ly. ad. In an aftonifliing manner. 

ing-nes. f. Quality to e.Ncite afto- 

ASTONISHMENT, if-ton'-Ifh- 

ment. f Amazement, confufion 

of mind. 
To ASTOUND, af-tou'nd. v. a. To 

aftonifli, to confound with fear or 

ASTRADDLE, a-ftrad'l. ad. With 

one's legs acrofs any thing. 
ASTRAGAL, as'-tra-gal. f. A little 

round member, in the form of a ring, 

at the tops and bottomsofcolumns. 
ASTRAL, Ab'-tral. a. Starry, re- 
lating to the (lars. 
ASTRAY, a-ftra'. ad. Out of the 

right way. 
To ASTRICT, af-tn'kt'. v. a. To 

contrafl by application. 
ASTRICTION, af-trlk'-(hun.f. The 

aft or power of contrafting the parts 

of the body. 
ASTRICTIVE, af-trik'-tiv. a. Stip- 

tick, binding. 
ASTRICTORY, af-ttik'-tur-ry. a. 

ASTRIDE, a-ftri'de. ad. With the 

legs open. 
ASTRIFEROUS, af-trlf'-J-rui. a. 

Bearing, or having liars. 
To ASTRINGE, if-trin'je. v. a. To 

make a coniraftion, ta make the 

parts draw together. 
ASTRINGENCY, af-trln'-j^n-fy. {. 

The power of contrafting the parts 

of the body. 
ASTRINGENT, Jf-trJn'-j^nt. a. 

Binding, contrafting. 
ASTROGRAPHY, af- trog'-ra-fy. {. 

The fcience of d-,-rcribiiig the liars. 

iL, af-tro-nom'- 1 
L,Sf-tr6-n6m'-Ik. j 

ASTROLABE, is'-tr6-l.^b. f. An in- 
ftrument chiefly ufed for taking the 
altitude of the pole, the fun, or liars, 
at fea. 

ASTROLOGER, af-trol'-o-jer. f. 
One that, fuppo/ing the influence 
of the liars to have a caufal power, 
profefles to foretel or difcover 

ASTROLOGIAN, af-tr6-I6'-jan. f. 

ASTROLOGICAL, af-tro-lodzh'- 1 
f-kl\. I 

ASTROLOGICK, af-tro-lodzh'- f 
ik. J 

a. Relating to aftrology, profeffing 

y kal-!^. ad. In an aftrological 

To ASTROLOGIZE, af-troi'-o- 
ji'ze. V. n. To praftife aftrology, 

ASTROLOGY, af-trol'-o-jy. f. The 
praftice of foretelling things by 
the knowledge of the liars. 

ASTRONOMER, af-tron'-no-mur. f. 
He that ftudies the celellial mo- 

ASTRONOMICAL, af-tro-nom'- 


a. Belonging to aflronomy 

ASTRONOMICALLY, af-tro-nom'- 
y-kil-ly.a. In an ailronomical man- 

ASTRONOMY, af-tron'-no-my. f. 
A mixed mathematical fcience, 
teaching the knowledge of the 
celellial bodies, their magnitudes, 
motions, diftances, periods, eclipfes, 
and order. 

ASTRO-THEOLOGY, .is'-trO-the- 
6r-6-jy. f. Divinity founded on 
the obfervation of the celellial bo- 

ASUNDER, a-fiin'-dur. ad. Apart, 
feparately, not together. 

ASYLUM, a-fy'-lum. f. A fanftu- 
ary, a refuge. 

ASYMMETRY, S-sim'-me-try. f. 
Contrariety to fymmetry, difpro- 

ASYMPTOTE, a-slmp'-tote. f. A- 
fymptotes are right lines, which 
approach nearer and nearer to fome 
curve, but which would never meet. 

ASYNDETON, a-sJn'-d^-too. f. A 
figure in grammar, when a con- 
junftion copulative is omitted. 

AT, ii'. prep. At before a place 
notes the nearnefs of the place, as a 
man is at the houfe before he is in 
it ; At before a word fignifying 
time, notes the coe.xillence of the 
time with the event j At before a 

fuperlative adjeftive implies in the 
ilate, as at moll, in the liate of moll 
perfeftion, Sic. At fignifies the 
particular condition of the perfon, 
as at peace ; At fometimes marks 
employment or attention, as he is 
at work; At fometimes the fame 
with furnilhed with, as a man at 
arms; At fometimes notes the place 
where any thing is, as he is at 
home; At fometimes is nearly the 
fame as In, noting fituation ; At 
fometimes feems to fignify in the 
power of, or obedient to, as at your 
fervice; At all, in any manner. 
ATABAL, at'-a-bal. f.' A kind of 

tabour ufed by the Mnors. 
ATARAXY, at'-ti-rak-fy. f. Ex- 
emption from vexation, tranquil- 
ATE, a'te. preterite of to eat, which 

ATH.ANOR, ath'-a-nor. f. Adigert- 
ing furnace to keep heat for fome 
ATHEISM, S'-the-Ifm. f. The dif- 

belief of a God. 
ATHEIST, a'-the-ift. f. One that 

denies the exillence of God. 
.■\THEISTICAL, a-the-is'-ti-kal. a. 

Given to atheifm, impious. 
ATHEISTICALLY, i-the-is'-ti-kal- 

ly. ad. In an atheillical manner. 
ATHEISTICALNESS, a-ttie-is'-tf- 
k.Tl-nes. f. The quality of being 
ATHEISTICK, a-the-Is'-tlk. a. Gi- 
ven to atheifm. 
ATHEOUS, a-the-us. a. Atheift- 

ick, godlefs. 
ATHEROMA, a-the-ro'-ma. f. A 

fpecies of wen. 
ATHEROMATOUS, a-tlle-rom'-a- 
tus. a. Having the qualities of aa 
atheroma or curdy wen. 
ATHIRST, a-thur'll. ad. ThirHy, 

in want of drink. 
ATHLETICK, ath-lct' ik. a. Be- 
longing to wrellling ; ftrong of 
body, vigorous, lully, robull. 
ATHWART, a-thwart. prep. .Acrofs, 

tranfverfe to any thing ; through. 
ATILT, a-tilt'. ad. With the ac- 
tion of a man making a thrull; in 
the pollure of a barrel raifed or tilt- 
ed behind. 
ATLAS, ii'-las. f. A colleftion of 
maps ; a large fquare folio ; fome- 
times the fupporter of a building; 
a rich kind of filk. 
ATMOSPHERE, at'-mo-sfere.f. The 
air that encompafles the folid earth 
on all fides. 
ATMOSPHERICAL, at-mo-sfer'-!- 
kal.a. Belonging to the atmofphere. 




ATOM, -it'-tum. f. Such a fmall 
particle as cannot be phyfically di- 
vided ; any tiiinn; extremely fmirti. 

ATOMICAL, i-t'om'-i-kai. a. Con- 
fining ofatonT!; relating to atoms. 

ATOMIST, At'-to-mill. f. One that 
holds the atomical philofophy. 

ATOMY, ai'-o-my. f. An atom. 

To ATONE, i-to'ne. v. n. To agree, 
to accord ; to iund as an equiva- 
lent for fomething; to anfwer for. 

To ATONE, a-iu'ne. v. a. To ex- 

ATONEMENT, a-tone-ment. f 
Agreement, concord ; expiation ; 
expiatory equivalent. 

ATOP, a-iop'. ad. On the top, at 
the top. 

ATRABILARIAN, a'- tra-bl-la'- 
ryan. a. Melancholy 

ATRABILARlOUs, a'-tra-bi-la"- 
ryiis. a. Melaiicholick. 

Ja'-ryuf-nes. f. The ftate of being 

ATRAMENTAL, a-tra-mcn'-tal. a. 
Inky, black. 

ATRAMENTOUS, a-tra-men'-tus. 
a. Inky, black. 

ATROCIOUS, a-tr6'-/hus. a. Wic- 
ked in a high degree, cnorn ous. 

ATROCIOUSLY, a-tro-(hus-ly. ad. 
In an atrocious manner. 

ATROCIOUSNESS, i-tro-lhuf-nes. 
f. The quality of being enormouf- 
ly criminal. 

ATROCITY, a-trOs'-ji-tj-. f. Hor- 
rible wickedr.efs. 

ATROPHY, at'-tro-fy. f. Want of 
nouridiment, adifeafe. 

To ATTACH, at-tat(h'. v. a. To 
arrell, to take or apprehend ; to 
fcize ; to lay hold on ; to win ; to 
gain over, to enamour ; to fix to 
one's intereft. 

ATTACHMENT, at-tJtni'-ment. f. 
Adherence, regard. 

To ATTACK, at-tak'. v. a. To af- 
fault an enemy ; to begin acontell. 

ATTACK, at-tak'. f. An afiault. 

.VfTACKER, at-tak'-ur. f. The 
perfon that attacks. 

To ATTAIN, it- tan. v. a. To 
gain, to procure ; to overtake ; to 
come to ; to reach ; to equal. 

To ATTAIN, at-ui'n. v. n. To 
come to a certain llatc ; to arrive at. 
ATTAINABLE, at-ia'n-abl. a. Th.i: 
which may be obtained, procurable. 
ATTAIN.VBLENESS, At-ta'ii-abl- 
ncs. f. The quality of being at- 
ATTAINDER, it-ti'n-dur. f. The 

ad of attainting in \nw ; taint. 
ATIAINMENT, it-ii'n-mint. f. 

That which is attained, acquifi- 
tion ; the aft or power of attain- 
To ATTAINT, at-ta'nt v. a To 
attaint is particularly ufed for fuch 
as are found guilty of fome crime 
or offence ; to taint, to corrupt. 
ATT.AINT, at-ta'nt. f. Any thing 
injurious asillnefs, wearinefs; ftain, 
fpnt, taint. 
ATT;j;\TURE, Jt-ta'n-tlhur. f 

Reproach, imputation. 
To ATTAMINATE, at-t4m'-i-nate. 

V. a. To corrupt. Not ufed. 
To.VFTEMPER, at-tem'-pur. v. a. 
To mingle, to weaken by the mix- 
ture of fomething elfe ; to regu- 
late, to fofven ; to mix in jull pro- 
portions ; to fit to fomething elfe 
To ATTEMPER ATE, at-t^m'^e- 
rate. v. a. To proportion to fom\' 
To ATTEMPT, at-tempi'. v. a. To 
attack, to venture upon ; to try, to 
ATTEMPT, at-tempt'. f. An at- 
tack, an eflay, an endeavour. 
ATTEMPT ABLE, at-tetnp'-tabl. a. 

Liable to attempts or attacks. 
ATTEMPTER, at-temp'-tur. f. The 
perfon that attempts ; an endea- 
To ATTEND, at-tend'. v. a. To 
regard, to fix the mind upon ; to 
wail on ; to accompany ; to be pre- 
fent with, upon a fummons ; to be 
appendant to ; to be confequent to ; 
to llav for. 
To ATTEND, at-tend'. v. n. To 

yield attention ; to ftay, to delay. 
ATTENDANCE, at-ten'-dans. f. 
The a£l of waiting on another ; 
fervice ; the perfons waiting, a 
train ; attention, regard. 
ATTENDANT, at-ten'-dint. a. Ac- 
companying as fubordinate. 
ATTENDANT, it-ten'-dant. f. One 
that attends ; one that belongs to 
the train ; one that waits as a fuit- 
or or agent; one that is prefent at 
any thing ; a concomitant, a con- 
ATTENDER, at-ten'-dur. f. Com- 
panion, alfuciate. 
ATTEN T, it-lent', a. Intent, at- 
.VrTENT.ATES, at- tin'- tatcs. f. 
Proceedings in a court after an in- 
hibition is decreed. 
A'i'TENTlON, it-ten'-fhiin. f. The 

3& of attending or heeding. 
AT'IEN'IIVE, it-tcn'-tiv.a. Heed- 
ful, regardful. 
ATTENTIVELY, it-tin'-ifv-iy-. ad. 
Heedfully, carefully. 

ATTENTIVENESS, at-ten'-ilv-ncs. 

f. Heedfulnefs, attention. 
ATTENUANT,it-iea'-u-ant. a. En- 
dued with the power of making 
thin or (lender. 
ATTENUATE, it-ten'- u-ate. a. 

Made thin, or (lender. 
ATTENUATION, it-ten-u-u'-(hun. 
f. The ail of making any thing 
thin or (lender. 
ATTER, it'-tiir. f. Corrupt matter. 
To ATTEST, it-tcft'. v. a. To 
bear witnefs of, to witnefs ; to call 
to witnefs. 
.ATTESTATION, at-tef-ta'-(liun. f. 

Tellimony, evidence. 
ATTIGUOUS, it-tig'-u-us. a. Hard 

To ATTINGE, it-tln'je. v. a. To 

touch lightly. 
To ATTIRE, at-ti're. v. a. Todrefs, 

to habit, to array. 
ATTIRE, it-tl're. f. Clothes, drefs; 
in hunting, the horns of a buck or 
(lag ; in botany, the flower of a 
plant is divided into three parts, 
the empalement, the foliation, and 
the attire. 
ATTIRER, at-ti'-rur. f. One that 

attires another, a dre/Ter. 

ATTITUDE, at'-ty-tude. f. A pof- 

ture, the pofture or ailion in which 

a llatue or painted figure is placed. 

ATTOLLENT, it-tul'-lent. a. That 

which raifes or lifts up. 
ATTORNEY, at-tiir'-ny. f. Such a 
perfon as by confent, command- 
ment, or requeft, takes heed to, 
fees, and takes upon him the charge 
of other men's bufiuefs, in their 
abfcnce ; one who is appointed or 
retained to profecute or defend an 
aftion at law ; a lawyer. 
ATTORNEYSHIP, at-iiir'-ny-(hip. 

f. The office of an attorney. 
ATTORNMENT, at-turn'-mdnt. f. 
A yielding of the tenement to a 
new lord. 
To ATTRACT, at-trak't. v. a. To 
draw to fomething ; to allure, to in- 
ATTRACTICAL, at-trik'-tJ-kil. a. 

Having the power to draw. 
ATTRAC'lION, it-t.ik'-ftiun. f. 
The power of drawing any thing ; 
the power of alluring or enti- 
ATIRACTIVE, at-trik'-tiv. a. 
Having the power to draw any 
thing; inviting, allurin;,', enticing. 
ATTRACTIVE, it-t:k'-tiv. i. 

That which draws or incites. 
ATTRACTIVELY, it-tiik'-tiv-Iy. 
«d. With the power of attract- 






ATTRACTIVENESS, kt-trlk'-ih- 
iies.f Thequalityofbeingattrafdve. 

AJTRACTO;^, it-trak'-iur. f. The 
agent that attrafts. 

ATTRACTATION, Jt-trdk-ta'- 
fliun. f. Frequent handling. 

ATTRAHENT, at'-trd - hint. f. 
That which draws. 

ATTRIBUTABLE, at-trlb'-u-tabl. 
a. That which may be afcribed or 

To ATTRIBUTE. Jt-trlb'-ite. v. a. 
To afcribe, to yield ; to impute, 
as to a caufe. 

ATTRIBUTE, at'-tri-bute. f. The 
thing attributed to another ; qua- 
lity adherent ; a thing belonging 
to another, an appendant; reputa- 
tion, honour. 

ATTRIBUTION, at-tn'-bu'-ftun. f. 
Commendation ; qualities afcribed. 

ATTRITE, at-tii'te. a. Ground, 
worn by rubbing. 

ATTRITENESS, at-trl'te- nes. f. 
The being much worn. 

ATTRIflwX, at-til(h'-un. f. The 
ii6\ of wearing things by rubbing ; 
grief for fin, arifing only from the 
fear of punidiment ; the loweft de- 
gree of repentance. 

To ATTUNE, at-tii'ne. v. a. To 
make any thing mufical; to tune 
one thing to another. 

ATWEEN, a-twe'n. ad. or prep. 
Betwixt, between. 

ATWIXT, a-twikll'. prep. In the 
. middle of two things. 

To AVAIL, a-val. v. a. To profit, 
to turn to profit, to promote, to 
profper, to alTift. 

AVAIL, a-va'l. f. Profit, advan- 
tage, benefit. 

AVAIL. \BLE, i-va'-l.^bl. a. Profit- 
able, advantageous; powerful, hav- 
ing; force. 

AVAILABLENESS, a-va'-labl-nes. 
f. Power of promoting the end for 
which it is ufed. 

AVAILABLY, a-vi'-lib- ly. ad. 
Powerfully, profitably. 

AVAILMEKt, a-val-ment. f. 
L^fefulnefs, advantage.. 

To AVALE, a-va I. v. a. To let fall, 
to deprefs. 

AVANT-GUARD, a-va'nt-gird. f. 

The van. 
AVARICE, aV-a-iIs. f. Covetouf- 

nefs, infatiable dcfire. 
AVARICIOUS, av-a-rilh'-us. a. Co- 
AVARICIOUSLY, av-a-iilV-uf-ly. 

ad. Covetoufly. 
AVARICIOUSNESS, av-i-rllh'-uf- 
rds. f. Tiie quality of being ava- 

AVAUNT, a-va'nt. interjeft. A 
word of abhorrence, by which any 
one is driven away. 
AUBURNE, d'-biirn. a. Brown, of 

a tan colour. 
AUCTION, ak-d.un. f. A manner 
of fale in which one perfon bids af- 
ter another ; the thing fold by auc- 
AUCTIONARY, a'k-fho-na-ry. a. 

Belonging to an auftion. 
AUCTIONIER, ak-lho-neV. f. The 

perfon that manages an auftion. 
AUCTIVE, d'k-tlv. a. Of an In- 

creafing quality. Not ufed. 
AUCUPATION, a-ku-pa'-(hun. f. 

Fowling, bird-catchirg. 
-AUDACIOUS, a-da-(hus. a. Bold, 

AUDACIOUSLY, a-d.V-(huf-ly. ad. 

Bohllv, impudently. 
AUDACIOUSNESS, a-da'-fliuf-nes. 

f. Impudence. 
AUDACITY, a-das'-i-iy. f. Spirit, 

AUDIBLE, a'-dibl. a. That which 
may be perceived by hearing ; loud 
enough to be heard. 
AUDIBLENESS, a'-dibl-nes. f. Ca- 

pablenefs of being heard. 
AUDIBLY, a -dlb-ly. ad. In fuch 

a mannN as to be heard. 
AUDIENCE, a'-dyens. f. The aft 
of hearing; the liberty of fpeaking 
granted, a hearing; an auditory, 
perfons collefted to hear; the re- 
ception of any man who delivers a 
folemn meflage. 
AUDIT, a die. f. A final account. 
To AUDIT, a'-dlt. v. a. To take 

an account finally. 
AUDITION, A-diiii'-Jn. f. Hearing. 
AUDITOR, a'-d{-tur. f. A hearer ; 
a perfon employed to take an ac- 
count ultimately ; a king's officer, 
who, yearly examining the ac- 
counts of all under-officers account- 
able, makes up a general book. 
AUDITORY, a'-di-tur-ry. a. That 

which has the power ot hearing. 
AUDITORY, i'-di-iur-ry. f. An 
audience, a colleflion of perfons af- 
fembled to hear ; a place where lec- 
tures are to be heard. 
AUDITRESS, ;V-d{-tres. f. The 

woman that hears. 
To .AVEL, a-vei'. v. a. To pull 

AVEMARY, a-ve-ma'-ry. f. A 
form of worfliip repeated by the 
P-omanifts in honour of the Virgin 
AVENAGE, av'-en-cdzh. f. Acer- 
tain quantity of oats paid to a land- 

To AVENGE, a-venj'e. v. a. To 

revenge ; to punilli. 
AVENGEANCE, a-ven'-jans. f. 

AVENGEMENT, a-vinj'e-mcnt. f, 

A'engcance, revenge, 
AVENGER, i-vcn'-jur. f. Punilh- 
er ; revenger, taker of vengeance. 
AVENS, k'^'kns. f. Herb bennet. 
AVENTURE, a-ven'-tilmr. f. A 
mifchance, caufing a man's death, 
without felony. 
AVENUE, W-&-r)u. f. A way by 
which any place may be entered ; 
an alley, or walk of trees before a 
To AVER, .n-ver'. v. a. To declare 

AA'ERAGE, av'-e-raje. f. That 
duty or fcrvice which the tenant is 
to pay to the king ; a medium, a 
mean proportion. 
AVERMENT, a-vir'-ment. f. Ef- 
tablifhment of any thing by evi- 
AVERNAT, A-ver'-nat. f. A fort 

of grape. 
To AVERUNCATE, a-ver-rim'- 

kate. V. a. To root up. 
AVERSATION, a-ver-fa'-fhun. f. 

Hatred, abhorrence. 
AVERSE, a-vers'e. a. Malign, not 
favourable ; not plcafcd with, un- 
willing to. ■ 
AVERSELY, a-vers'-!y. ad. Un- 
willingly ; backwardly. 
AVERSENESS, a-vers'-nes. f. Un- 

willingnefs, backwardnefs. 
AVERSION, a'-ver-lhun. f. Hatred, 
difiike, deteftation ; the caufe of 
To AVERT, a-vert'. v. a. To turn 

afide, to turn off; to put by. 
AUGER, d'-gir. f. A carpenter's 

tool to bore holes with. 

.'^UGHT, a't. pronoun. Any thing. 

To AUGMENT, Ag-mint'. v. a. 

To increafe, to make bigger or 


To AUGMENT, ag-ment'. v. n. To 

increafe, or grow bigger. 
AUGMENT, A'g-mcnt. f. Increafe; 

(late of increafe. 
AUGMENTATION, a'g-menta"-' 
Ihin. f. The aft of increafing or 
making bigger; the flate of being 
made bigger; the thing added, by 
which another is made bigger. 
AUGUR, a-gfir. f. One who pre- 
tends to predict by the flight of 
To AUGUR, a'-gur. V. n. Toguefs, 

to conjecture bv ftgns. 
To AUGURATE, a'-gu-iate. v. n. 
To ju^ge by augury. 





AUGURATION, a gi-jj-ihim. f. 
The praftice of augury. 

AUGURER, a'-gu-u'ir. f. The fame 
with augur. 

AUGURIAL, a-gu'-r)al. a. Relat- 
ing to augury. 

AUGURY, a'-gii-r>'. f. The ad of 
prognofticating by omens ; the rules 
oblerved by augurs ; nn omen or 

AUGUST, a gift', a. Great, grand, 
roval, magnificent. 

AUGUST, a'-gull. f. The name of 
the eighth month from January in- 

AUGUSTNESS, a-gii(l'-n^s. f. Ele- 
vation of look, dignity. 

AVI.ARY, a'-vya-ry. f, A place in- 
clofed to keep birds in. 

AVIDITY, a-vid'I-ty. f. Greedi- 
nefs, eagernefs. 

AVITOUS, .i-vi'-tus. a. Left by a 
man's anceflors. Not ufed. 

To AVIZE, a vi'ze. V. a. Tocoun- 
fel ; to bethink hinifelf ; to con- 

AUKWARD. See Awkward. 

AULD, a'ld. a. Old. Not ufed. 

AULETICK, a-lei'-ik. a. Belong- 
ing to pipes. 

AULICK, a'-lik. a. Belonging to 
the court. 

To AUMAIL, a-ma'l. v. a. To va- 

AUMBRY. See Ambry. 

AUNT, ant', f. A father or mo- 
ther's fitter. 

AVOCADO, a-vo-ka'-do. f A plant. 

To AVOCATE, iv'-v6-kate. v. a. 
To call away. 

AVOCATION, av-v6-ka-(liun. f. 
The aft of calling afide; the buli- 
nefs that calls. 

To AVOID, a-voi'd. V. a. To (htin, 
to efcape ; to endeavour to fhun ; 
to evacuate, to quit. 

To AVOID, a-voi'd. v. n. To re- 
tire ; to become void or vacant. 

AVOIDABLE, .vvoi'-dabl. a. That 
which may be avoided or efcaped. 

AVOIDANCE, a-voi'-dans. f. The 
aft of avoiding ; the courfe by 
which any thing is carried off. 

AVOIDER, a-vol'-dur. f. The per- 
fon that fliuns any thing ; the per- 
fon that carries any thing away; 
the veffel in which things are car- 
ried .nway. 

AVOIDLESS, i-voi'd-lis. a. Ine- 

AVOIRDUPOIS, i-vir-di-poi'z. a. 
A kind of weight, of w hith a pound 
contains fixieen ounces, and is in 
proportion to a pound Troy, as 
iisventcen to fourteen. 

AVOLATION,i-v6-li'-niun. f. The 
aft of flying away. 

To AVOUCH, i-vou'tdi. v. a. 
To affirm, to maintain ; to produce 
in favour of another J to vindicate, 
to juftify. 

AVOUCH, a-vou't(h. f. Declara- 
tion, evidence. 

AVOUCHABLE, J-vou'tlh-abl. a. 
That may be avouched. 

AVOUCHER, a-vou'tih er. f. He 
that avouches. 

To AVOW, a-vow'. V. a. To juf- 
tify, to declare openly. 

AVOWABLE, a-vow'-ibl. a. That 
which may be openly declared. 

AVOWAL, a-vow'-al. f. Jullifica- 
torv declaration. 

AVOWEDLY, a-vow'^d-ly. ad. 
In an avowed manner. 

AVOWEE, a-vow'-e'. f. He to 
whom the right of advowfon of any 
church belongs. 

AVOWER, a-vow'-ur. f. He that 
avows or jviltifies. 

AVOWRY, a-vow'-ry. f. Where 
one takes a diftrefs, the taker fhall 
juftify, for what caufe he took it ; 
which is called his avowry. 

AVOWSAL, a-vow'-zal. f. A con- 

AVOWTRY, a-vow'-tr^. f. Adul- 

AURATE, a'-rate. f. A fort of pear. 

AURELIA, a-re'-lya. f. A term 
ufed for the firft apparent change of 
the eruca, or maggot of any fpecies 
ofinfefts, the chryfalis. 

AURICLE, a'-rikl. f. The exter- 
nal ear ; two appendages of tlie 
heart, being two mufcular caps, 
covering the two ventricles thereof. 

AURICULA, a-ilk'-u-la. f. Bear's 
ear, a flower. 

AURICULAR, a-rik'-u-lar. a. With- 
in the fenfe or reach of hearing ; 
fecret, told in the ear. 

AURICULARLY, a-rik'-u-lar-ly. 
ad. In a fecret manntr. 

.AURIFEROUS, a-iir-fc-riis.a. That 
which produces gold. 

.AURIGATIOX, a-rl-ga'-fliun. f. 
The aft of driving carriages. Not 

AURORA, a-ro'-ra. f. A fpecies of 
crowfoot ; the goddefs that opens 
the gates of day, poetically the 

.AURORA-BOREALIS.a r6'-ri-b6- 
ic-4'-lis. f. Light ftieaming in the 
night from tlie north. 

AUSCULTATION, aT-kul-ta'-nii'in. 
f. A hearkening or lillcning to. 

AUSPICE, AT-pL. f. The omens of 
any future undertaking drawn from 

birds ; proteftion, favour fliewn ; 
influence, good derived to others 
from the jnetv of their patron. 

AUSPICIAL, '•il-pl(V-al. a. Re- 
lating to prognoliicks. 

AUSPICIOUS, af-pilV-us. a. With 
omens of fucccis ; profperous, for- 
tunate ; favourable, kind, propi- 
tious ; lucky, happy, applied to 

AUSPICIOUSLY, 4f-pilTi'-iif-ly. ad. 
Happily, profperoufly. 

AUSPICIOUSNESS, a(-pilh'-uf-n^s. 
f. Profperity, happinefs. 

AUSTERE, al'-i^'re. a. Severe,- 
harfh, rigid; fouroftafle, harfh. 

AUSTERELY, af-te're-ly. ad. Se- 
verely, rigidly. 

AUSTERENESS, af-te're-nes. f. 
Severity, ftriftnefs, rigour ; rough- 
nefs in tafle. 

AUSTERITY, af-ter'-f-t^ f. Se- 
verity, mortified life, Itriftnefs ;. 
cruelty, harlh difcipline. 

AUSTR.AL, a'f-tral. a. Southern. 

AUSTRINE,.Vf-trine. a. Southern. 

AUTHENTICAL, i-then'-tikAl. a. 

AUTHENTICALLY, a-then'-tl- 
kal-Iy. ad. 'Wi;h circumllances 
requifite to procure authority. 

kal-nes. f. The quality of being 
authentick, genuinenefs. 

f. Authority, genuinenefs. 

AUTHENTICK, a-tWn'-tik. a. That 
which has every thing requifite to 
give it authority. 

AUTHENTICKLY, d-thin'-tJk-l^ , 
ad. After an authentick manner. 

AUrHENTICKNESS, A-ift^n'-tlk- 
nes. f. Authenticity. 

AUTHOR, a-thiir. f. The firft be- 
ginner or mover of any thing ; the 
efficient, he that effefts or produces- 
any thing ; the firft writer of any 
thing ; a writer in general. 

AUTHORITATIVE, i-thor'-I-ti-- 
tiv. a. Having due authority j 
having an airof authority. 

ta-tiv-ly. ad. In an authoritative- 
manner, with a (hew of authority;, 
with due authority. 

i-ta-iiv-nes. f. Authoritajive ap-- 

AUTHORITY, a-thir'-I-t^ f. Le- 
gal power ; influence, credit ; 
power, rule ; fupport, counte- 
nance ; teftimony ; credibility. 

AUTH0R1Z.'\T10N, i-tho-ri-za'-- 
fhun. f. Ellablilhmcnt by autho- 





To AUTHORIZE, a -tl:6-rize. v. a. 
To give authority to any perfon ; 
to make any thing legal ; to efta- 
blifh any thing by authority ; to 
jullifi, to prove a thing to be 
right ; to give credit to any perfon 
or thing 

AUTOCRASY, a-tok'-ra-fy. f. In- 
dependent poxver. 

AUTOGRAPH, a'-to-graf. f. A 
particular perfcn's own writing, the 

AUfOGRAPHICAL, a-i6-graf'-i- 
kal. a. Of one's own writing. 

AUTOMATICAL, a-t6-n:iat'-{-Eil. 
a. Having the power of moving 

AUTOMATON, a-tom'-a-ton. f. 
A machine that hath the power of 
motion within itfelf. 

AUTOMATOUS, i-tom'-a-tus. a. 
Having in itfelf the power of mo- 

AUTONOMY, a ton'-no-my-. f. 
The living according to one's own 
mind and prefcription. Not in 

AUTOPSY, a'-top-fy. f. Ocular 

AUTOPTICAL, a-top'-ti-kal. a. 
Perceived by one's eyes. 

AUTOPTICALLY, a-top'-d-kal-ly. 
ad. By means of one's own 

AUTUMN, a -turn. f. The feafon 
of the year between fummer and 

AUTUMNAL, i-tum'-nil. a. Be- 
longing to autumn. 

AVULSION, a-vijl'-(hun. f. The 
aft of pulling one thing from an- 

AU.KESIS, aks-e'-sls. f. Amplifi- 

AUXILIAR, agz-il'-yar. 1 f. and a. 

AUXILIARY, agz-il'. ^Helper, 
ya-rv. J aflillant ; 

helping, aflifting. 

AUXILI.ATION, agz-y-l)-a-ihun.f. 
Help, aid. 

To AWAIT, a-wa'te. v. a. To e.x- 
peft, to wait for; to attend, to be 
in ftore for. 
AWAIT, a-wate. f. Ambulh. 

To AWAKE. a-«ake. v. a. To 
roufe out of ileep ; to raife from 
any ftate refembling fleep ; to put 
into new aftion. 

To AWAKE, a-wa'ke. v. n. To 
break from fleeo, to ceafe to Ileep. 

AWAKE, a-«a'kc. a. Without 
fleep, not deeping. 

To AWAKEN, a-wa'kn. See A- 


To AWARD, a-wa'rd. v. a. To ad- 
judge, to give any thing by a ju- 
dicial fentence ; to judge, to deter- 

AWARD, a-wa'rd. f. Judgment, 
fentence, determination. 

AWARE, a-wa're. a. Vigilant, at- 

To AWARE, a-wi're. v. n. To be- 
ware, to be cautious. 

AWAY, a-wa'. ad. Abfent ; from 
any place or perfon ; let us go ; 
begone; out of one's own power. 

AWE, a', f. Reverential fear, reve- 

To AWE, a'. V. a. To ftrike with 
reverence, or fear. 

AWEBAND, a -band. f. A check. 

AWfUL, a'-ful. a. That which 
ftrikes with awe, or fills with reve- 
rence ; worlhipful, inverted with 
dignity ; ftruck with awe, timo- 

.AWFULLY, a'-ful-ly. ad. In a re- 
verential manner. 

AWFULNESS, a'-ful-nes. f. The 
quality of ftriking with awe, folem- 
nity ; the ftate of being ftruck with 

AWHILE, a-hwi'le. ad. Some time. 

AWKWARD, a-kurd. a. Inele- 
gant, unpolite, untaught ; unrea- 
dy, unhandy, clumfy ; perverfe, 
AWKWARDLY, a'-kurd-K"-. ad. 

Clumfilv, unreadily, inelegantly. 
AWKWARDNESS, a'-kurd-nis. f. 
Inelegance, want of gentility, 
AWLi a'l. f. A pointed inftrument 

to bore holes. 
AWLESS, a-les. a. Without reve- 
rence ; without the power of cauf- 
ing reverence. 

.AWME, a'm. f. A Dutch mesfure 
anfwering to what in England is 
called a tierce, or one feventh of 
an Engliih ton. 

AWNING, a'-ning. f. A cover 
fpread over a boat or veflel to keep 
off" the weather. 

AWOKE, awoke. The preterite 
from Awake. 

AWORK, i-wurk'. ad. On work, 
in a rtate of labour. 

AWORKING, a-wurk'-ing. ad. In 
the ftate of working. 

AWRY, a-ry'. ad. Not in a llraight 
direclion, obliquely ; a'quint, with 
oblique vifion ; not le\el, uneven- 
ly ; not equally between two 
points; not in a rigUt Hate, per- 

AXE, aks'. f. An inftrument con- 
filHng of a metal head, with a Iharp 

AXILL.AR, agz-il'-lar. la. Be- 

AXILLARY, agz-il'-la-ry. S long- 
ing to the armpit. 

AXIOM, ak'-fhum. f. A propofi- 
tion evident at firll light. 

AXIS, ak'-sis. f. The line, real or 
imaginary, that pafles through 
any thing, on which it may revolve. 

AXLE, a\']. 7f. The pin 

AXLE-TREE, ax'l-tre. f which 

pafles through the midft of the 
wheel, on which the circumvolu- 
tions of the wheel are performed. 

AY, h'};. ad. Yes. 

AYE, a', ad. Always, to eternity, 
for ever. 

AYGREEN, a-gren. f. The fame 
with houfe-leek. 

AYRY, a-ry. a. SeeAiRr. 

AZIMUTH, az'-^m4;h. f. The 
azimuth of the fun, or of a ftar, is 
an arch between the mcidian of the 
place and any given vertical line ; 
magnetical azimuth, is an arch of 
the horizon contained between the 
fun's azimuth circle and the mag- 
netical meridian ; azimuth com- 
psfs, is an inllrument ufed at fea 
for finding the fun's magnetical azi- 

AZURE, .\-zhi'r. a. Blue, faint 

G » 





BAA, bi'. r. The cry of a (hec p. 
To BAA, ba. v. n. To cry 
like .1 fliecp. 

To BABBLE, bab'l. v. n. To prattle 
like a child ; to talk idly ; to tell 
fecrets ; to talk much. 

BABBLE, bab'i. f. Idle talk, fenfe- 
lefs prattle. 

BABBLEMENT, bab'1-ment. f. 
Senfelefs prate. 

BABBLER, bab'-blur. f. An idle 
talker ; a teller of fecrets. 

BABE, luVbe. f. An infant. 

BABERY, ba'-b^-ry. f. Finery to 
pleafe a babe or child. 

EABISH, ba'bJili. a. Childifh. 

BABOON, bi bo'n. f. A monkey 
of the largell kind. 

BABY, b;V-by. f A child, an in- 
fant ; a fmall image in imitation 
of a child, whirh girls play with. 

BACCATED, bik'-ka-ted. a. Be- 
fet with pearls ; having'many ber- 

BACCHANALIAN, bak^ka-na'ly- 
an. f. A drunkard. 

BACCHANALS, bjk'-kirilz. f. 
The drunken feails of Bacchus. 

BACCHU5 BOLE, bak'-kus-b6!e. f. 
A flower not tall, but very full and 

BACCIfEROUS, bik-sif'-e-rus. a. 

BACHELOR, bailh' 5-lur. f. A 
man unm.arfied ; a man who takes 
his firft degrees ; a knight of the 
lowed order. 

lurz-bui"n. f. Campion, an herb. 

BACHELORSHIP, l)Atlh'-t--lur-niip. 
f. The condition of a bachelor. 

BACK, bik'. f. The hinder part of 
the body j the outer part of the 
hand when it is fhut ; the rear ; 
the place behind ; the part of any 
thing cut of fight ; the thick part 
of any tool, oppofed to the edge. 

BACKV bak'. ad. To the place 
\V^ence one came ; backward from 
the prefent flation ; behind, not 
comirjg forward j toward things 
pall ; again, in return ; again, a 
fecond time. 

To BACK, bak'. V. a. To mount a 
horfe; to break ahorfe; to place up- 

on the back ; to maintain, toftrength- 

en ; to julHfy, tofupport ; to fecond. 
To BACKBITE, bak' bite. v. a. 

To cenfure or reproach the ab- 

BACKBITER, bak'-bl-tur. f. A 

privy calumniator, cenlurer of the 

BACKBONE, bik'-bo'n. f. Bone 

of the b.-;ck. 
BACKDOOR, bik'-dor. f. The 

door behind the houfe. 
BACKED, baki'. a. Having a 

BACKFRIEND, bak'-frend. f. An 

enemy in fecret. 
BACKGAMMON, bak-gam'-mun. 

f. A play or game with dice and 

BACKHOUSE, bak'-houfe. f. The 

buildings behind the chief part of 

the houfe. 
BACKPIECE, bak'-p^s. f. The 

piece of armour which covers the 

BACKROOM, bak'-»6m. f, A room 

BACKSIDE, bjk'-slde. f. The hin- 
der part of any thing ; the hind 

part of an animal ; the yard or 

ground behind a houfe. 
To BACKSLIDE, bak'-flide. v. n. 

To fall off. 
BACKSLIDER, bak-fli'-dur. f. An 

BACKSTAFF, bik'-llaf. f. An in- 

ftrument ul'eful in taking the fun's 

altitude at fea. 
BACKSTAIRS, bik'-rtarz. f. The 

private ftairs in the houfe. 
BACKSTAYS, bak'-fiaz. f. Ropes 

which keep the mall from pitching 

BACKSWORD, b.ik'-ford. f. A 

fword with one (harp edge. 
BACKWARDS, bak'-wardz. ad. 

With the back forwards ; towards 

the back ; on the back ; from the 

prefent llation to the place behind ; 

regreflively ; towards fomething 

p.ill ; out of the proprcfllvc ftate ; 

from a better to a worfeflate; pall, 

in time pall. 
BACKWARD, bak'-w.Ard. a. Un- 
willing, averfcj hcfuating j flug- 

gidi, dilatory ; dull, not qtick or 

BACKWARD, bak'-ward. ad. The 
things pall. 

BACKWARDLY, bak'-ward-l>-. ad. 
Unwillingly, averfelv. 

BACKWARDNESS, bik'-wird-nes. 
f. Dulnefs, fluggiflincfs. 

BACON, bakn. (. 'Ihe fiefh of a 
hog falted and dried. •'i 

BAD, bad', a. III, not good ; vi- 
cious, corrupt ; unfortunate, un- 
happy ; hurtful, unwholefome ; 

BADE, bad'. The preterite of Bid. 

BADGE, badzh'. f A mark or cog- 
nizance worn ; a token by which 
one is known ; the mark of any. 

To BADGE, bWzh'. v. a. To. 

BADGER, bad'-zhur. f. A brock,. ' 
an animal. 

B.A.DGER, bad'-zhur. f. One that 
buys corn and viduals in one place, 
and carries it into another. 

BADGER-LEGGED, badzh'- ir- 
Idgd'. a. Having legs of an un- 
equal length like thole of the bad- 

BADLY, bad'-ly. ad. Not well. 

BADNESS, bad'-nls. f. Want of 
good qualities. 

ToB.'\FFLE, baf'l. V. a. To elude; 
to confound ; to crufh. 

BAFFLER, baf'-fiur. f. He that 

B.-^G, bag', f. A fack, or pouch ; 
that part of animals in which fome 
particular juices are contained, as 
the poifons of vipers ; an orna- 
mental purfe of filk tied to men's 
hair; a term u fed to fignify quan- 
tities, as a bag of pepper. 

To BAG, bag', v. a. To put into a 
bag ; to load with a bag. 

To BAG, big', v. n. To fwell like 
a full bag. 

BAGATELLE, Idg-i-til'. f. A 

trifle. Not Englilh. 
BAGGAGE, big'-g!dzh. f. The 
furniture of an army ; a worthlefs I 

B.VC'NIO, ban'-nyo. f. A houfe for ' 
bathing and fwealing. 





BAGPIPE, bag'-pipe. f. A mufical 
inftrument, confiding of a leathern 
bag, and pipes. 

BAGPIPER, bag'-pi-pur. f. One 
that plays on a bagpipe. 

BAIL, ba'i. f. Bail is the freeing or 
fetting at liberty one arrefted or 
impri.'oned upon adlion either civil 
or criminal, under fecurity taken 
for his appearance. 

To BAIL, Ki'l. V. a. To give bail 
for another; lo admit to bail. 

BAILABLE, ba'-labl. a. That may 
be fet at liberty by bail. 

BAILII F, ba'-Hf. f. A fubcrdinate 
officer ; an officer whofe bullnefs it 
is to execute arrefts ; an undcr-ftew- 
ard of a manor. 

BAILIWICK, ba'-ly-«ik. r The 
place of the jurifdiction of a bai- 

To BAIT, ba't. V. a. To put meat 
to ternpt animals. 

To BAIT, ba't. V. a. To fet dogs 

To BAIT, I at. V. n. To flop at any 
place for refrefliment ; to clap the 
wings to flutter. 

BAIT, bi'r. f. Meat fet to allure 
animals to a fnare ; a temptation, 
an enticement J a refrelhment on a 

BAIZE, b;Vz. f. A kind of coarfe 
open cloth. 

To BAKE, Lake. v. a. To heat 
any thing in a clofe place ; to drefs 
in an oven ; to harden in the fire ; 
to harden with heat. 

To BAKE, bake. v. n. To do the 
work of baking. 

BAKEHOUSE, bake-hous. f. A 
place for baking brea,.. 

BAKER, ba-kur. f. He whofe trade 
is to bake. 

BALANCE, bal'-lans. f. A pair of 
fcales ; the aft of comparing t>vo 
things ; the overplus of weight ; 
that which is wanting to make two 
p.irts of an account even ; equi- 
poife ; the beating part of a watch ; 
in aftronomy, one of the figns. Li- 

To BALANCE, bal'-lans. v. a. To 
weigh in a balance; to counter- 
poife ; to regulate an account ; to 
pay that which is wanting. 

To BALANCE, bal'-lans. v. n. To 
hefitate, to fiudluate. 

BALANCER, bal'-an-fur. f. The 
perfon that weighs. 

BALASSRUBY, bal'-as ro'-bj'-. f. 
A kind of ruby. 

BALCONY, bal-ko-ny. f. A frame 
of wood, or ftone, before the win- 
dow of a room. 

BALD, ba'ld. a. Without hair; 
without natural covering ; unad- 
orned, inelegant; llripped, with- 
out dignity. 

BALDERDASH, ba'l-der-di(h. f 
R jcie mixture. 

B.ILDLY, ba'ld-ly ad. Nakedly, 
meanly, inelegantly. 

BALDIViONY, ba'Id-mun-ny. f. 
Gentian, a plant. 

BALDNESS, ba'ld-nis. f. The want 
of hair ; the lofs of hair; meannefs 
of writing. 

BALDRICK, ba'1-drik. f. A girdle; 
the zodiack. 

BALE, ba'le. f. A bundle of goods. 

BALEFUL, ba'le-ful. a. Sorrow- 
fnl, fad; full of mifchief. 

BALEFULLY, ba'le-ful-ly. dd. Sor- 
rowfully, mifchievoufly. 

BALK, ba'k. f. A great beam. 

BALK, ba'k. f. A bridge of land 
left unploiighed. 

BALK, ba'k f Difappointment 
when leal! expefted. 

To BALK, ba'k. v. a. To difap- 
point, to frullrate ; to mifs any 
thing ; to omit. 

BALKERS, ba'-kutz, f. Men who 
give a fign which way the fhole of 
herrings is. 

BALL, la'l. f. Any thing made in 
a round form ; a round thing to 
play with ; a globe ; a globe borne 
as an enfign of foverf ignty ; any 
part of the body that approaches to 

BALL, ba'l. f. An entertainment 
of I ancing. 

BALLAD, bil'-Iad. f. A fong. 

BALLAD-SINGER, bal'-lad-^Ing- 
ur. f. One whofe employment is 
to fing ballads in the llreets. 

BALL/^ST, bal'-li;!. f. Something 
put at the bottom of the fliip to 
keep it ileady. 

BALLET! E, bal'-Iet. f. A dance. 

BALLOON, bal-lon. f. A large 
round fliort-necked vefTel ufed in 
chymirtry ; a ball placed on a pil- 
lar ; a ball of pafteboard, ftuffed 
with combuilible matter, which is 
fhot up into the air, and then 

BALLOT, bal'-lut. f. A little b.ill 
or ticket ufed in giving votes; the 
aft of voting by ballot. 

To BALLOT, bal'-lut. v. n. To 
choofe by ballot. 

BALLOTATION, bil-16-ta'-fhun. 
f. The aft of voting by bal- 

B.^^LM, barn. f. The fap or juice 
of a fhrub, remarkably odorife- 
rous ; any valuable or fragrant 

ointment ; any thing that foothj or 
mitigates pain. 

CALM, ba'm. f. The name of a 

BALM OF GILEAD, ba'm of gll'- 
yad. f. The juice drawn from the 
balfam tree; a plant remark- 
.ible for the ftrong balfamick 

BALMY, bal'-my. a. Having the 
qualitiesof balm ; producing balm ; 
foothing, foft ; fragrant, odorife- 
rous ; mitigating, affuaiive. 

BALNEARY, bal'-nc-a-r^. f. A 

BALNEATION, bal'-ne-a-fliun. f. 
The aft of bathing. 

BALNEATORY, bal"-ne a-tir'-r)'. 
a. Belonging to a bath. 

BALSAM, ba'1-liim. f. Ointment, 

BALSAM APPLE, ba'1-fum-Jp'I- C- 
.■\n Indian plant. 

BALSAMICAL, bal-fAm'- Ta. Unc- 
i-kal. > tuous, 

BALSAMICK,ba!-fam'-ik. ) miti- 

B.ALUSTER, bal'-ijs-tir. f. A fmaU 
column or pilaller. 

BALUSTRADE, bal -lif-trade. f. 
Rows of little pillars called baluf- 

B.AMSOO, bam'-bo. f. An Indian 
plant of the reed kind. 

To BAMBOOZLE, tam-bozl. v. a. 
To deceive, to iinpofe upon. A 
low word. 

BAMBOOZLER, bam-bo'z-Iur. f. 
A cheat. 

BAN, ban', f. Publick notice given 
of any thing; a curfe, e.xcom.aiu- 
nicaticn ; interdiftion. This word 
we ufe chiefly in publifhirg matri- 
monial contrafts in church before 
marriage. Ban of the empire, a 
publick cenfure by which the pri- 
vileges of any German prince are 

To B.^N, ban', v. a. To curfe, to 

B.-\NANA TREE, ba-na'-na-trc. f. 

BAND, band', f. A tye, a band- 
age ; a chain by which any animal 
is kept in reflraint ; any union or 
connexion ; any thing bound round 
another ; a company of perfons 
joined together; a particular kind 
of neckcloth worn chiefly by the 
clergy ; in architefture, any flat 
low moulding, faci;;, face, or 

To B.AND, band', v. a. To unite 
together into one body or troop ; 
to bind over with a baad. 





BANDAGE, h^'n'-dli^h. f. Some- 
thing bound over another; the fil- 
let or roller wrapped over a wound- 
ed member. 

BANDBOX, ban'-boks. f. A night 
box ufed for bands and other things 
of fm ■.II weight. 

BANDELET, baii'-rfc-let. f. Any 
flat moulding or fillet. 

BANDIT, ban'-dJx. if. A man 

BANDITTI, ban-dlt'-tv. S outlawed. 

BANDOG, ban'-dog. 'f. A maf- 

BANDOLEERS, ban-d6-Ic'rz. f. 
Small wooden cafes covered with 
leather, each of them containing 
powder that is a fufficient charge 
for a mufket. 

BANDROL, ban'-drul. f. A little 
flag or ftreamer. 

BANDY, ban'-d>'. f. A club turned 
round at bottom for ftriking a 

To BANDY, ban'-d>''. v. a. To 
beat to and fro, or from one to 
another ; to give and take recipro- 
cally ; to agitate, to tofs about. 

ZANDYLEG, ban'-dy-leg. f. A 
crooked leg. 

BANDYLEGGED, ban'-dy-ldgd. a. 
Having crooked legs. 

BANE, ba'ne. f. Poifon ; mifchief, 

To BANE, bane. v. a. To poi- 

BANEFUL, ba'ne-ful. a. Poifon- 
ous ; dellrudlive. 

BANEFULNKSS, ba'ne-ful-nls. f. 
Poifonoufnefs, deftruftivenefs. 

BANEWORT, bi'ne-wurt. f. Dead- 
ly night-fliade. 

To BANG, bang', v. a. To beat, 
to thump ; to handle roughly. 

B.ANG, bang', f. .'V blow, a thump. 

To BANGLE, bing'l. v. a. To 
fquander away carelefsly. 

To BANISH, ban'-nifli. v. a. To con- 
demn to leave his own country ; to 
drive away. 

BANlSfiER, b:\n'-nilh-ur. f. He 
that forces another from his own 

BANISHMENT, bin'-nilh-ment. f. 
The aft of banifhing another ; the 
ftate of being banilhcd, exile. 

BANK, bank', f. The earth riling 
on e;ich fide of a water ; any heap 
of earth piled up ; a bench of row- 
ers ; a place where money is laid 
up to be called for occafionally ; 
the company of perfons concerned 
in manaj;iiig a bank. 

To BANK, bank', v. a. To lay up 
money in a bank ; to inclofe with 

BANK-BILL, bJnk'-bil'. f. A note 

for money laid up in a bank, at 

the fight of which the money is 

BANKER, bank'-ur. f. One that 

trafficks in money. 
BAXKRUPICY, b'tnk'-rup-fy. f. 

The ftate of a man broken, or 

ban.krupt ; the aft of declaring 

one's felf bankrupt. 
BANKRUPT, bank'-ri'ipt. f. A 

perfon incapable of paying his 

debts ; one againft whom a com- 

miflion of bankruptcy is awarded. 
BANKRUPT, . bank'-rupt. a. In 

debt beyond the power of pay- 
BANNER, b.\n'-nur. f. A flag, a 

ftand-rd; a ftreamer borne at the 

end of a lance. 
BANNERET, b'ln'-ne-rct. f. A 

knight made in the field. 
BANNEROL, ban'-nc-rol. f. A 

little flag or ftreamer. 
BANNIAN, ban-yun'. f. A man's 

undrefs, or morning gown. 
BANNOCK, ban'-nok. f. A kind 

of oaten or peafe meal cake. 
BANQUET, bank'-kwit. f. A feaft. 
To BANQUET, bank'-kwIt. v. n. 

To feaft, to fare daintily. 
BANQUETER, bink'-kwi-tur. f. 

A feafter ; one that lives deliciouf- 

Iv ; he that makes feafts 



A houfe where banquets are kept 
BANQUETTE, bank-ket'. f. A 

fmall bank at the foot of the para- 
BANSTICLE, bin'-ftlkl. f. A fmall 

fifli, a ftickleback. 
To BANTER, ban'-tur. v. a. To 

play upon, to rally. 
BANTER, ban'-liir. f. Ridicule, 

BANTERER, ban'-tc-rur. f. One 

that banters. 
BANTLING, banl'-lJng. f. Alittle 

BAPTISM, bap'-t!/.m. f. ^aptifm 

is given by water, and that pre- 

fcript form of words which the 

church of Chrift doth ufe; baptifm 

is often taken in Scripture for fuf- 

fc rings. 
BAPllSMAL, bip-ilz'-mal. a. Of 

or pertaining to baptifm. 
BAPTIST, bap'-till. f. He that ad- 

minifters baptifm. 
BAPTISTERY, bap'-iif-tcr-r)"-. f. 

The plate v/here the facrament of 

baptifm is adminifteicJ, 

"'■- 1 

To E.IPTIZE, bJp-tl'ze. v. a. To 
chriften, to adminiftcr the facra- 
ment of baptifm. 

BAPTIZER,' bap-ti'-zur. { One 
that chriftens, one that adminifters 

BAR, ba'r. f. A piece of wood laid 
crofs a paflage to hinder entrance ; 
a bolt to faften a door; any ob- 
ftacle ; a rock or bank at the en- 
trance of a harbour; any thing 
ufed for prevtntiou ; the place 
where caufes of law are tried ; an 
inclofed place in a tavern where a 
houfekeeper fits ; in law, a per- 
emptory exception againft a de- 
mand or plea ; any thing by which 
the ftrufture is held together ; bars 
in mufick, are ftrokes drawn per- 
pendicularly acrofs the lines of a 
piece of mufick, ufed to regulate 
the beating or mcafure of mufical 

To BAR, b:Vr. v. a. To faften or 
ihut any thing with a bolt, or bar ; 
to hinder, to obftruft ; to prevent ; 
to Ihut out from ; to exclude from 
a claim ; to prohibit ; to except; 
to hinder a fuit. 

BARB, bi'rb. f. Any thing that 
grows in the place of the beard ; 
the points that ftand backward 
in an arrow ; the armour for 

BARB, ba'rb. f. A Barbary horfe. 

To BARB, b.Vrb. v. a. To fliave, 
to drefs out the beard ; to furnifti 
the horfe with armour; to jag ar- 
rows with hooks. 

BARBACAN, b.i'r-ba-kan. f. A' 
fortification placed before the walls 
of a town ; an opening in the 
wall through which the guns are 

dus tftier'-ry. f. A pleafant tart 
fruit in the Weft Indies. 

BARBARIAN, bar-ba-ryan. f. A 
man uncivilized, a favage ; a fo- 
reigner ; a man without pity. 

BAkBARiCK, bar-bar'-lk. a. Fo- 
reign, far-fetched. 

BARBARISM, bar-b'ir-izm. f. A 
form of fpeech contrary to the pu- 
rity of language ; ignorance of arts, 
want of learning ; brutality, fa- 
vagenefs of manners, incivility ; 
cruelty, hardnefs of heart. 

BARB.ARri'Y, bar-bar'-i-iy. f. Sa- ; 
vagenefs, incivility ; cruelty, in- 
humanity, impurity of fpeech. [ 

B.ARBAROUS, b.Vr-ba-rus. a. Stran- 
ger to civility, favage, uncivilized ; 
unacquainted with arts ; cruel, in- 





Without knowledge of art? ; in a 
manner contrary to the rules of 
{prech ; cruelly, inhumanly. 

BARBAROUSNESS, biVr-bi-rus- 
nes. f. Incivility of manners i im- 
purity of language ; cruelty. 

To BARBECUE, ba'r-h£-kii. v. a 
A term for drefiing a hog whole. 

BARBECUE, ba'r-be-ku. f. A hog 
(Ireft whole. 

B.ARBED, ba'r-bid. particip. a. Fur- 
nifhed with armour; bearded, jag- 
ged with hooks. 

BARBEL, ba'rbl. f. A kind of filli 
found in rivers. 

BARBER, ta'r-biir. f. A man who 
(haves the beard. 

To BARBER, bar-bur. v. a. To 
(have, to powder, to drefs out. 

bur-sur'-jun. f. A man who joins 
the prai5\ice of furgery to the bar- 
ber's trade. 

BARBER -MONGER, bar-bur- 
mung'-gur. f. A fop ; a man 
decked out by his barber. 

BARBERRY, ba'r-ber-ry. f. Plp- 
peridge bufli. 

BARD, ba'rd. f. A poet. 

BARE, ba're. a. Naked, without 
covering ; uncovered in refpedl ; 
unadorned, plain, finiple; detecl- 
ed, without concealment ; poor, 
without plenty ; mere ; thread- 
bare, much worn; not united with 
any thing elfe. 

To BARE, bare. v. a. To ftrip. 

BARE, ba're. preterite of To Bear. 

BAREBONE, bare-bone. f. A very 
lean pcrfon. 

BAREFACED, ba're-faft. a. With 
the face naked, not malked ; fliame- 
lefs, unreferved. 

BAREFACEDLY, bare-f.Vll-ly. ad. 
Openly, fliaraelefly, without dif- 

BAREFACEDNESS, bare-fa rt-nes. 
f. Effrontery, affurance, audaci- 
BAREFOOT, bare-fut. a. With- 
out {hoes. 
BAREFOOTED, ba're-fut-id. a. 

Without (hoes. 
BAREGNAWN, bar-na'n.a. Eaten 

BAREHE.^DED, ba're-hed-dld. a. 

Uncovered in refpeft. 
BARELY, ba're-ly. ad. Nakedly, 

merely, only. 
BARENESS, ba're-m's. f. Naked- 
nefs ; leannefs ; poverty ; mean- 
nefs of clothes. 
B.^RG.AIN, bar-gin. f. A contrafl 
or agreement concerning fale ; the 

thing bought or fold ; ftipula- 
To BARGAIN, bi'r-gJn. v. n. To 

make a contrafl for (ale. 
BARGAINEE, bir-gin-ne'. f. He 

or (he that accepts a bargain. 
B.ARGAINER, ba'r-gin-nur. f. The 
perfon who proffers or makes a bar- 
BARGE, ba'rje. f. A boat forplea- 

fure ; a boat for burden. 
BARGER, ba'r-jur. f. The manager 

of a barge. 
BARK, ba'rk. f. The rind or co- 
vering of a tree ; a fmall (hip. 
To BARK, ba'rk. v. a. To ftrip 

trees of their bark. 
To BARK, bark. v. n. To make 
the noife which a dog makes ; to 
clamour at. 
BARKER, bar-kur. f. One that 
barks or clamours ; one employed 
in Gripping trees. 
BARKY, b.Vr-kv. a. Confifting of 

BARLEY, ba'r-1)''. f. A grain of 

which malt is made. 
BARLEYBRAKE, ba'r-l^-brike. f. 

A kind of rural play. 
BARLEYCORN, ba'r-ly-korn. f. A 

grain of barley. 
BARLEY-MOW, bar-ly-mow'. f. 
The place where reaped barley is 
flowed up. 
BARM, b.Vrm. f. Yeaft, the fer- 
ment put into drink to make it 
BARMY, ba'r-my. a. Containing 

BARN, ba'rn. f. A place or houfe 
for laying up any fort of grain, 
hay, or (Iraw. 
BARNACLE, ba'r-nikl. f. A bird 
like a goofe, fabuloudy fuppofed 
to grow on trees ; a fpecies of (hell 
BAROMETER, ba-rom'-me-tur. f. 
A machine for meafuring the weight 
of the atmofphere, and the varia- 
tions in it, in order chiefly to de- 
termine the changes of the wea- 
BAROMETRICAL, ba-ro-met'-trl- 
k;\l. a. Relating to the barome- 
BARON, bar'-run. f. A degree of 
nobility next to a vifcount ; Baron 
is one of the judges in the court of 
e.xchequer ; there are alfo barons 
of the cinque ports, that have 
places in the lower houfe of parlia- 
ment; Baron is ufed in law for the 
hulband in relation to his wife. 
BARtJNAGE, bar'-riinidzh. f. The 
dignity of a baron. 

BARONESS, bar'-rtin-ts. f. Aha- 
ron's lady. 
BARONET, bar'-ri'in-et. f. The 
loweft degree of honour that is he- 
reditary ; it is below a baron and 
above a knight 

BARONY, bir'-iiin-y. f. That ho- 
nour or lord(hip that gives title to 
a baron. 

BAROSCOPE, bar'-r6-(k(!)pe. f. An 
inftrument to fliew the weight of 
the atmofphere. 

BARRACAN,'-ra-kan. f. A 
(Irong thick kind of cameloi. 

BARRACK, bar'-rak. f. Building 
to lodge foldiers. 

BARRATOR, bar'-ra-tur. f. A 
wrangler, and encourager of law- 

BARRATRY, bar'-ra-try. f. Foul 
praflice in law. 

BARREL, bar' -111. f. A round 
wooden vefTel to be (lopped clofe ; 
a vc(rel containing liquor; any 
thing hollow, at the barrel of a 
gun ; a cylinder. 

To BARREL, bar'-ril. v. a. To 
put any thin^ in a barrel. 

BARREN,'-rin. a. Not proli- 
fick ; unfruitful, not fertile, fte- 
rile ; not copious, fcanty ; un-- 
meaning, uninventive, dull. 

BARRENLY, bar'-rln-l^. ad. Uft- 

BARRENNESS, bar'-rin-nls.f. Want 
of the power of procreation ; un- 
fruitfulnefs, fterility ; want of in- 
vention ; want of matter ; in theo- 
logy, want of lenfibility. 

BARREN WORT, bar'-rln-wiirt. f. 
A plant. 

BARRFUL, ba'r-ful. a. Full of 

BARRICADE, bar-ry-ld'Je. f. A 
fortification made to keep oft" aw 
attack ; any flop, bar, obflruc- 

To BARRICADE, bar-ry-ka'de. v. a. 
To (lop up a pafl'age. 

BARRICADO, bir-ry-ki'-do. f. A 
fortification, a bar. 

To BARRICADO, bar-ry-ka'-do. 
v. a. To fortify, to bar. 

BARRIER, bar'-rycr. f. A barri- 
cade, an entrenchment ; a fortifi- 
cation, or Urong place ; a flop, an 
obflrudlion ; a bar to mark the li- 
mits of any place ; a boundary. 

BARRISTER, bAr'-iIf-tur. f. A 
perfon qualified to plead the caufes. 
of clients in the courts of juf- 

BARROW, bai'-ro. f. Any carriage 
moved by the hand, as a handrbar- 





EARSHOT. biV-fhot'. f. Two bal- 
lets or half bullets joined by a bar, 
and ufed chiefly at fea to cut down 
the iiia'ls and of Hiips. 

To B.ARi'E's., ba'r-tur. v. n. To 
traffiek by ecchanging one commo- 
dity for another. 

To BARTER, ba'r-ti'ir. v. a. To 
give my thing in exchange. 

BARTER, ba'r-tur. f. The aft or 
pra-Vice of trafiickiniT by exi;hange. 

BARTERE'\, ba'r-iejir. f. He 
that irafficks by e. change. 

BARTERY, ba'r-te-rj'-. f. Ex- 
chan3;e of commoJities. 

BARTRAM, bar-tram. f. A plant, 

BASE, ba'fe. a Mean, vile, worth- 
lefs ; difingenuous, illiberal, un- 
generous; of low llation, of mean 
account ; bafe-born, born out of 
wedlock ; applied to metals, with- 
out value ; applied to founds, deep, 

BASE-BORN, ba'fe-barn. a. Born 
out of wedlock. 

BASE-COURT, ba'fe k6rl. f. Low- 
er court. 

BASE-MINDED, ba'fc-mi'n-did. a. 
Mean fpirited. 

BASE -VIOL, bafe-vl'-ul. f. An 
indrument ufed in concerts for the 
bafe found. 

BASE, ba'fe. f. The bottom of any 
thing ; the pcdeftal of a ftatue; the 
bottom of a cone ; (lockings ; the 
place from which racers or tilters 
run ; the ftring that gives a bafe 
found ; an old ruftick play. 

BASELY, ba'fe-ly. ad. Meanly, 
difhonourably ; in badardy, as 
bafely born. 

BASENESS, bafe-nis. f. Mean- 
nefs, vilenefs ; vilenefs of metal ; 
baftardy ; deepnefs of found. 

BASHAW, balTi-a'. f. Among the 
Turks, the viceroy of a province. 

BASHFUL, bafli'-ful. a. Modcft, 
{hamefaced, (liy. 

BASHFULLY, ba(h'-ful-ly-. ad. Ti- 
raoroufly, modeftly. 

BASHFULNEbS, bilh'-ful-nfs. f. 
Modefty ; foolifh or ruftick fliame 

BASIL, baz'-il. f. The name ofa'plant. 

BASILICA, ba-zll'f-ka. f. ' The 
middle vein of the arm. 

BASILICA, ba-zll'-l-ka. f. The 
bafilick vein. 

BASILICK, ba-z!l'-lfk. a. Belong- 
ing to the bafilica. 

BASILIKON, ba-zil'-y-kin. f. An 
ointment called alfo tetrapharmacon. 

li<\SILISK, baz' i-h'fk. f. A kind 
of fcrpcnt, a cockatrice, faid to 
kill by looking. He is called 

Bafillik, or little king, from a comb 

or crell on his head ; a fpecles of 

DASIK, bafn. f. A fmall vcOel to 

hold water for waihing, or other 

ufes ; a fmall pond ; a part of the 

fea inclofed in rocks ; any hollow 

place capacious of liquids ; a dock 

for repairing and building (hips ; 

Bafinscf a Balance, the fame with 

the fcales. 
BASIS, bV-;Is. f. The foundation 

of any thing ; the lowell of tlie 

three principal parts of a column ; 

that on which any thing is raifed ; 

the pedeftal ; the groundwork. 
To BASK, b;\(k'. V. a. To warm by 

laying out in the heat. 
To BASK, bafk'. v. n. To lie in a 

place to receive heat. 
BASKET, bis'-kit. f. A veflbl 

made of twigs, rulhes, or fplin- 

BASKET-HILT, bis'-kit-hllt. f. A 

hilt of a weapon fo made as to con- 
tain the whole hand. 
BASKET-WOM.'VN, ba^'-kit-wum- 

in. f. A woman that plies at 

markets with a bafket. 
BASS, ba's. a. In mufick, grave, 

BASS-VIOL, bas-vl'-ul. f. See 

BASS, bos', f. A mat ufed in 

CASS-RELIEF, baf-re-li'f. f. Sculp- 
ture, the figures of which do not 

Hand out from the ground in their 

full proportion. 
BASSET, bis'-6it. f. A game at 

BASSOON, baf-fo'n. f. A mufical 

in/lrument of the wind kind, blown 

with a reed. 
BASTARD, bas'-tard. f. A perfon 

born of a woman out of wedlock ; 

any tiling fpurious. 
BASTARD, bas'-tard. a. Begotten 

out of wedlock ; fpurious, fuppo- 

fititious, adulterate. 
To BASTARDIZE, bas'-tar-dizc. 

v. a. To convii^l of being a baf- 

tard ; to beget a ballard. 
BASTARDLY, bas'-tard-ly. ad. In 

the manner of a ballard. 
BASl'ARDY, bas'-tar-dy. f. An 

unlawful Hate of birth, which dif- 

ables the child from fucceeding to 

an inheritance. 
To BASTE, b.Vilc. v. a. To beat 

with a IHck ; to drip butter upon 

meat on the fpit ; to few llightly. 
BASTINADE, baf-tv-ni'de. l f. The 
BASTlNADO.b.^r-ty'-ni'-di'.. i aa 

of beating with a cudgel ; a Turk- 

ilh punilhment of beating an of- 
fender on his feet. 

To BASTINADE, baf-tN'--n;i'de. ) 

To BASTINADO, baf-ty'.na'-d6. J 
V. a. To beat. 

BASTION, bis'-tdiun. f. A huge 
mafs of earth, ufually faced with 
fods. Handing out from a rampart, 
a bulwark. 

BAT, bat', f. A heavy ftick. 

BAT, bit', f. An animal having 
the body of a moufe, and the wings 
of a bird, not with feathers, but 
with a fort of Ccin which is extend- 
ed. It brings forth its young as 
mice do, and fnckles them. 

BAF-FOWLING, bit'-fow-liag, f, 
Birdcatching in the night-time. 

BAFABLE, ba'-tabl. a. Difput- 
able. Batable ground feems to bo 
the ground heretofore in quellion, 
whether it belonged to England or 

BATCH, bitlh'. f. Thequantity of 
bread baked at a time ; any quan- 
tity made at once. 

BATCH ELOR, batlli'c-lur. f. See 

BATE, bate. f. Strife, conten- 

To BATE, ba'te. v. a. To leflen 
any thing, to retrench ; to fink the 
price; to leflen a demand ; to cut 

BATEFUL, ba'te-ful. a. Conten- 

BATEMENT, bate-ment. f. Di- 

B.'VJ'H, bi'th. f. A Bath is either 
hot or cold, either of art or nature ; 
a velTel of hot water, in which an- 
other is placed that requires a foftcr 
heat than the naked fire ; a fort of 
Hebrew meafure, containing feven 
gallons and four pints. 

ToBATHE, ba'the. V. a. To wafii 
in a bath ; to fupple or foften by 
the outward application of warm 
liquors ; to wafli with any thing. 

To B.\THE, ba'the. v. n. To be 
in the water. 

BATING, b.V-ting. prep. Except. 

BATLET, bat'-let. f. A fi:]iiare 
piece of wood ufed in beating li- 

BA'FOON, ba'-ton. f. A Raff or 
club ; a truncheon or marlhal's 

BATTAILLOUS, bai'-tc-li'is. a. 
Warlike, with military appearance. 

BAFTALIA, bit-tal'-lya. f. The 
order of battle. 

BATTALION, bat-tal'-lyun. f. A 
divifion of an army, a troop, a 
body of furces ; an army. 



B E A 


To BATTEN, bit'n. v. a. To 

fatten, to make fat ; to fertilize. 
To BATTEN, bai'n. v. n. To grow 

To BATTER, I at'- tar. v. a. To 
beat, to beit down ; to wear with 
beating ; to wear out with fer- 
BATTER, bai'-tur. f. A mixture 
of feveral ingredients beaten toge- 
BATTERER; bat'-ie-rur, f. Ke 

that bitters. 
BATTERY, bat'-;e-r\''. f. The acl 
of battering ; the inllruments with 
which a town is battered ; the 
frame upon which cannons are 
mounted ; in law, a violent ftrik- 
ing of ar.y man. 
BATTLE, hat'l. f. A fight; an en- 
counter between oppofite armies ; 
a body of furces ; the main body 
of an arm*'. 
To BATTLE, bit'l. v. n. To con- 
tend in tight. 
EATTLE-ARRAV. bat'lar-ri'. f. 

Array, or order of battle. 
BATTLE-AX, bat'I-aks. f. A wea- 
pon, a bill. 
BATTLE-DOOR, bat'l-d6r. f. An 
inftrument with a round handle and 
a flat blade, to Itrike a ball or a 
BATTLEMENT, bat'1-ment. f. A 
wall with open places to look 
through or annoy an enemy. 
BATTY, bai'-iy. a. Belonging to 

a bat. 
BAVAROY, bav'-a-roy. f. A kind 

of cloke. 
BAUBEE, ba'-be'. f. In Scotland, 

a halfpenny. 
BAULK.* See Balk. 
BAVIN, bav'-i'n. f. A ftick like 

thofe bound up in faggots. 
B.AWBLE, babl. f. A gew-gaw, 

a trifling piece of finerv. 
B.WVELING, ba'-biing. a. Tri- 
fling, contemptible. 
BAWCOCK, ba-kok. f. A fine 

B-AMD, bi'd. f. A procurer or pro- 

To BAWD, bad. V. n. To pro- 
t WVDILY, bi'-di-lv. ad. Obfcene- 

L.-^WDINESS, ba-dy-nis. f. Ob- 

BAWDRICK, ba-drik. f. A belt. 
EAWDRY, bi'-dry. f. A wicked 
praflice of bringing whores and 
rogues together ; obfcenitv. 
BAWDY, la-cy. a. Obfcene, un- 

EAVVDY-HOUSE, ba'-d^-houfe. f. 
A houfe where trf.ffick is made by 
wickednefs and debauchery 
To BAWL, bill. V. n. To hoot, to 
cry out with great vehemence ; to 
cry as a froward child. 
To BAWL, ba'l. v. a. To proclaim 
as a crier. 

BAWREL, bd'-ril. f. A kind of 

BAWjlN. ba'-sin. f. A badger. 

BAY, ba'. a. A colour. 

BAY, bi'. f. An opening into the 

BAY, ba'. f. The ftate of any thing 
fjrrounded by enemies. 

3.^Y, b:V. f. In architefture, a term 
ufed to fignify the divifions of a 
barn or other building. Bays are 
from fourteen to twenty feet long. 

BAY, ba'. f. A tree. 

BAY, ba'. f. An honorary crown or 

To BAY, bi'. V. n. To bark as a 
dog at a thief; to (hut in. 

BAY SALT, ti'-la'lt. f. Salt made 
of fea water, which receiies its 
confiflence from the heat of the 
fun, and is fo called from its brown 

BAY WINDOW, ba-wln'-do. f. A 
window jutting outward. 

BAYARD, b^'-yird. f. A bay 

BAY-YARN, ba'-ya'rn. f. A term 
fometimes ufed promifcuoufly with 
woollen yarn. 

BAYONET, bag'-un-r,et. f. A (hort 
fword fixed at the end of a muf- 

BAYZE. See Baize. 

BDELLIUM, cil'-lyiim. f. An aro- 
matick gum brought from the Le- 

To BE, be'. V. n. To have feme 
certain ftate, condition, quality, 
as the man is wife ; it is the auxi- 
liary verb by which the verb pafiive 
is formed ; to exift, to have exill- 

BEACH, be'tlh. f. The fliore, the 

BEACHED, be'-tmed. a. Expofed 
to the waves. 

BEACHY, be'-t(hy. a. Having 

BEACON, be'kn. f. Something 
raifed on an eminence, to be fired 
on the approach of an enemy ; 
marks erefled to direft naviga- 

BEAD, bc'd. f. Small globes or 
balls ftrung upon a thread, and 
ufed by the Romanifts to count their 
prayers ; little balls worn about 

the neck for ornament; any glo- 
bular bodies. 
BEAD-TREE, bo'd-trd. f. The nut 
of this tree i^, by religious perfons, 
bore<) through, and llrarig as beads, 
whence it takes its name. 
BEADLE, be'dl. f. A melTenger or 
fervitor telonging to a court ; a 
petty officer in pariflies. 
BEADROLL, be'd-iol. f. A cata- 
logue of thofe who are to be jnen^ 
tioned at prayer?. 
BEADSMAN, be'dz-man. f. A 
man empi0)ed in praying for an- 
BEAGLE, be'gl. f. A fmall hound 

with which ha.'es are hunted. 
BEAK, be'k. i". The bill or horny 
mouth of a bird ; a piece of brafs 
like a beak, fixed at the head cf 
the ancient gallies ; any thing end 
ing in a point like a beak. 
BEAKED, be ked. a. Having 3 

BEAKER, be'-kur. f. AcupwitSa 
fpout in the form of a bird's beak. 
BEAL, be I. f. A whelk or pimple. 
BEAM, bem. f. The main piece 
of timber that fupports the lofts of 
a houfe ; any large and long piece 
of timber ; that part of a balance, 
to the ends of which the fcales are 
fufpended; a cylindrical piece of 
wood belonging to the loom, on 
which the web is gradually rolled 
as it is wove ; the ray of light emit- 
ted from fome luminous body. 
BEAM-TREE, be'm-trc. f. Wild- 

BEAMY, be'-my. a. Radiant, (hin- 
ing, emitting beams ; having horns 
or antlers. 
BE.^N, tc'n. f. The common gar- 
den bean ; the horfe bean. 
BEAN-CAPER, ben-ki-pur. f. A 

To BEAR, bc'r. v. a. To carry as 
a burden ; to convey or carry ; to 
carrv as a mark of authority ; to 
carry as a m»ik of dillinclion ; to 
fupport, to keep from falling ; to 
carry in the mind, as love, hate ; 
to endure, as pain, without fink- 
ing ; to fufler, to undergo ; to 
produce, as fruit ; to bring forth, 
as a child ; to fupport any thing 
good or bad ; to behave ; to im- 
pel, to urge, to puili ; to prefs ; 
To bear in hand, to amufe with 
- falfe preter.ces, to deceive ; To 
bear ofi^, to carry away by force ; 
To bear out, to fupport, to main- 
To BE-AR, te'r. v. n. To fufter 
pain; to be patient; to be fruitful 
JI or 

B E A 

B E A 


or prolifick ; to tend, to bedirefled 
to any point ; to behave ; to be 
iituated with refpeCt to other places; 
To bear up, to ftand firm without 
falling; to bear with, to endure 
an urpleafing thing. 
BEAK, be'r. f. A rough favage animal ; 
the name of two conllellations, call- 
ed the greater and lefler Bear, in 
the tail of the lefler Bear is the pole 
BEAR-BIND, beV-biud. f. A fpe- 

ciej of bind-weed. 

BEAR-FLY, bc'r-fiy. f. An infea. 

BEAR-GARDEN, bc'r-gar-cin. f. 

A place in which bears* are kept 

for fport ; any place of tumult or 


BEAR'S-BREECH, be'rz-britili. f. 

The name of a plant. 
bc'rz-er. f. The name of a plant. 
BRAR'S-FOOT, bc'rz-fut. f. A 

fpecies of hellebore. 
BE.AR'S-WORT, b4'rz-v,urt. f. An 

BEARD, bcrd'. f. The hair that 
gfows on the lips and chin ; ftiarp 
prickles growing upon the cars of 
corn ; a barb on an arrow. 
To BEARD, berd'. v. a. To take 
or pluck by the beard ; to oppofe 
to the face. 
BEARDED, ber'-did. a. Having a 
beard ; having fharp prickles, as 
corn ; barbed, or jat;ged. 
BEARDLESS, berd'-Iis. a. Without 

a beard ; youthful. 
BEARER, be'-tur. f. A carrier of 
any thing ; one employed in car- 
rying burdens; one who wears any 
thing ; one who carries the body 
to the grave ; one who fupports 
the pall at a funeral ; a tree that 
yields its produce ; in architeflure, 
a pell or brick wall raifcd up be- 
tween the ends of a piece of tim- 
BEARHERD, teV-herd. f. A man 

that tends bea^s. 
BEARING, bi'-ri'ng. f. Thefiteor 
place of any thin^with refpeifl to 
fomethin^elfe ; gellurc, mien, be- 
BEARWARD, be'r-ward. f. A keep- 
er of bears. 
BEAST, bc'iK f. An animal diftin- 
guifhed from birds, infedls, fi<hes, 
and man ; an irrational animal, 
oppofcd to man ;. a brutal favage 
To BEAST, bd'll. V. a. A term at 

BEASTLINESS, bc'ft-ly-nls. f. Bru- 

EEASTLY, bc'il-l>"-, a. Brutal, 
contrary to the nature and dignity 
of man ; having the nature or fbrni 
of bealls. 
To BEAT, bet. v. a. To Urike, 
to knock; to punifh with llripes ; 
to mark the time in mufick ; to 
give repeated blows ; to llrike 
ground to roufe game ; to mix 
things by long and frequent agita- 
tion ; to batter with engines of 
war ; to make a path by tre.iding 
it ; to conquer, to fubdue, to van- 
quidi; to harafs, to over-labour; 
todeprefs; to deprive by violence; 
to move with fluttering agitation ; 
To beat down, to leflen ths price 
demanded ; To beat up, to attack 
fuddcnly ; To beat the hoof, to 
walk, to goon foot. 
To BE^T, bc't. V n. To move in 
a pulfatory manner ; to da(h, as a 
flood or ftorm ; to knock at a door; 
to throb, to be in agitation ; to 
flufluate, to be in motion ; to be 
try in different ways, to fcarch ; to 
ad upon with violence ; to enforce 
by repetition. 
BEAT, be't. f. Stroke; manner of 

BEATEN, be'tn. particip. from 

BEATER, be-tiir. f. An inftru- 
ment with which any thing is beat- 
en ; a perfon much given to blows. 
BEATIFJCAL, bi-a-tlt'-l-kal. J 
BEATIFICK, be-a-iif-ik. f ^• 

BliGful. It is ufed only of hea- 
venly fruition after death. 
CEATIFICALLY, b£a-ti('-y-kAI- 
ly. ad. Jn fuch a manner as to 
compli-at bappinefs. 
BEATIFICATION, bi-it-^-fl-ki'- 
ibun. f. Beatification is an. ac- 
knowledgment made by the pope, 
that the perfon beatified is in hea- 
ven, and therefore may be reve- 
renced as bleiTed. 
To BEATIFY, bd-ac'-f-fy. v. a. To 
blefb svith the completion of celef- 
lial enjoyment.' 
BEATING, bi'.ilng. {. Correc- 
tion by blows. 
Bi'ATIlUDE, hc'-ai'-i-tude. f. 
jbk'flednefs, fcljcity, happinefs ; 
a declaration of bkflednefs madcby 
our Saviour to particular vir- 
BEAU, bo. f. Amanofdrcfs. 
SEA\'ER, bd'-vur. f. An animal, 
otherwife named the caflor, am» 
phibious, and remarkable for his 
art ill building his habitation ; a 
hat of tlie beft kind ; the part of a 
helmet that covert the face. 

BEAVERED, be'-vurd. a. Cover- 
ed with a beaver. 
BEAUISH, bo'iih. a. Befitting a 

beau, foppidi. 
BEAUTEOUS, bu'-tniiis. a. Fair, 

elegant in form. 
BEAUTEOUSLY, biV-tft,uf-Iy. ad. 

In a beauteous manner. 
BEAU FEOUSN ESS, bu'-tfliuf-nl.c. 

f. The llate of being beauteous. 
BEAUTIFUL, bir-tyTiil. a. Fair. 
BEAUriFULLY, biV-ti-ful-ly. ad. 

In a beautiful manner. 
BEAUTIFULNESS, bu'-tl-fiil-nis. 
f. The quality of being beauti- 
To BEAUTIFY, biV-ty-fy. v. a. 

To adorn, toembellilh. 
BEAUTY, biV-t>. f. Ihat alTem- 
blage of graces which pleafes the 
eye ; a particular grace ; a beauti- 
ful perfon. 
BEAUTY-Sl'Of, biV-ty.fpot. f. A 
fpot placed to heighten feme beau- 
BECAFICO, bi-ki-fl'-ko. f. A 
bird like a nightingale, a fig-pec- 
To BECALM, bc-k.Vm. v. a. To 
ftill the elements ; to keep a fliip 
from motion ; to quiet the mind. 
BEC.'\ME, bd-kd'me. The preterite 

BECAUSE, be-kaz. conjund. For 
this reafon ; for ; on this account. 
To BECHANCE, bc-tflians'. v. n. 

To befal, to happen to. 
To BECK, bek'. v. a. To make a 

fign with the head. 
DECK, bok'. f. A fign with the 

head, a nod ; a nod of command. 
To BECKON, bek'n. v. n. To 

m.ike a fign. 
To BECLIP, bc-kllp'. v. a. To 

To BECOME, b^kum'. v. a. To 
enter into fome ftate or condition ; 
To become of, to be the f.ite of, 
to be the end of. 
To BECOME, bc-kum'. v. a. To 
appear in a manner fuitable to 
fomething; to be fuitable to the ' 
pcrlon ; to befit. 
BECOMING, bd-kum'-mlng. part, 
a. That which pleafes by an ele- 
gant propriety, graceful. 
BECOMINGLY, be-kum'-ming-l^'.. 

ad. After a becoming manner. 
BECOMINGNESS, be-kiim'-mlng- 
nis. f. Elegant congruity, pro- 
BED, bed', f. Something made to 
fiecp on ; lodging ; marriage ; 
bank of earth raifed in a garden ; 
the channel of a river, or any hol- 
5 low i 




low ; the place where any thing is 
generated ; a layer, a ilratum ; 
'J'o bring to Bed, to deliver of a 
child; To make the Bed, to put 
the bed in order after it has been 

To BED, bed', v. a. To go to bed 
vviih j^ to be placed in bed ; to be 
made partaker of the bed ; to fow, 
or plant in earth ; to 1 ly in a place 
of rcll ; to 1 ly in order, in flrata. 

To LED, l'^-'. V. n. To coha- 

To BEDABBLE, be-dab'l. v. a. To 
wet, to befprinkle. 

To BEDAGGLE, b^-dag'l. v. a. 
To bemire. 

To BEDASH, be-da(h'. v. a. To 

To BEDAWB, bc-da'b. v. a. To 

To BEDAZZLE, be-daz'l. v. a. To 
mike the fight dim by too much 
111 lire. 

BEDCHAMBER, bed'-t(ham-bur. f. 
The chamber appropriated to reft. 

BEDCLOATHS, bci'-cl6z. f. Co- 
verlets fpread over a bed. 

BEDDING, bci'-ding. f. The ma- 
terials of a bed. 

To BEDECK, be-dck'. v. a. To 
deck, to adorn. 

To BEDEW, be-diV. v. a. To 
moiften gently, as with fall of 

BEDFELLOW, bed'-fel-16. f. One 
that lies in the fame bed. 

To BEDIGHT, be-di't. v. a. To 
adorn, to drefs. 

To BEDIM, be-dim'. v. a. To ob- 
fcurc, to cloud, to darken. 

To BEDIZEN, bc-dl'zn. v. a. To 
drefs out. A low term, 

BEDLAM, bcd'-lam. f. A mad- 
houfe ; a madman. 

BEDLAMITE, bed'-!-i-mite. f. A 

BEDMAKER, bed'-ir.a kur. f. A 
perfon in the univerfities, whofe 
office it is to make the beds. 

BEDMATE, bed'-mate. f. A bed- 

BEDMOULDING, b^d'-m6l-ding. 
f. A particular moulding. 

BEDPOST, bed'-roiL f. The poll 
at the corner of the bed, which 
fupporis the canopy. 

BEDPkESSER, bed'-pref-fur. f. A 
heavy lazy fellow. 

To BEDRAGGLE, be-drag'I. v. a. 
To foil the cloaths. 

To EEDRENCH, be-drcnt(V.'. v. a. 
To drench, to foak. 

BEDRID, bed'-rld. a. Confined to 
the bed by age or fieknefs. 

BEDRITE, bed'-jite. f. The pri- 

vilege of the marria!»e bed. 
To BEDROl', be-diop'. v. a. To 

befprinkle, to mark with drops. 
BEDSTAFF, bed'-ftaf. f. A wood- 

en pin lluck anciently on the fiJcs 

of the bedHead, to prevent the 

clothes from falling ofi". 
BEDSTEAD, bW-f.iJ. f. The 

frarre on which the bed is placed. 
BEDbTRAW, b^d'-ftrA. f. The 

llraw laid under a bed to make it 

BEDSWERVER, bed'-fwer-vur. f. 

One that is falfe to the bed. 
BEDTIME, bed'-time. f. The hour 

of reft 
To BEDUNG, be-dung'. v. a. To 

cover with dung. 
To BEDUST, be-dilft'. v. a. To 

fprinkle with duft. 
BEDWARD, bed'-ward. ad. To- 
ward bed. 
ToBEDWARF. be-dwa'rf. v. a. To 

make little, to ftunt. 
BEDWORK, bed'-wiirk. f. Work 

performed without toil of the hands. 
BEE, be', f. The animal that makes 

honey ; an induftrious and careful 

BEE-EATER, bc'-e-tur. f. A bird 

that feeds upon bees. 
BEE-FLOWER, be'-flow-ur. f. A 

fpecies of fool-ftones. 
BEE-GARDEN, be'-gar-dln. f. A 

place to fet hives of bees in. 
BEE -HIVE, be'-hive. f. The cafe, 

or box, in which bees are kept. 
BEE-MASTER, tc-maf-tur. f. One 

that keeps bees. 
BEECH, b^'tlh. f. A tree. 
BEECHEN, bc'-t(hln. a. Confift- 

ing of the wood of the beech. 
BEEF, bc'f. f. The flelh of black 

cattle prepared for food ; an o:-;, 

bull, cr cow. It has the plural 

BEEF-EATER, be't-e-tur. f. A 

yeoman of the guard. 
BEEN, bin'. The participle prete- 
rite of To Be. 
BEER, be'r. f. Liquor made of malt 

and hops. 
BEESTINGS, be'f-tingz. f. See 


BEEF, bet', f. The name of a 

BEETLE, be'tl. f. An infea dif- 

tinguilhed by having hard cafes or 

iheachs, -under v.hich he folds his 

wines ; a heavv mallet. 
To BEETLE, be'tl. v. n. To jut 

out ; to hanj over. 
BEETLEBROWED, be'tl-browd'. a. 

Having prominent brows. 

BEETLEHEADED, bd'tl-hed'-iJ. a. 
Loggerheaded, having a ftopid 

EEETLESTOCK, be'tl-llok. f. The 
handle of a beetle. 

BEETRAVE, bet'-rave. | ^ 

BEET-RADISH, bei'-riJ-Ilh. i '• 

BEEVES, be'vz. f. Black cattle, 
oxen. . 

To BEFALL, be-fa'k v. n. To 
happen to; to co.Tie to pafs. 

To BEFIT, b6-fit'. V. a. To fuit, 
to be fuitabic to. 

To BEFOOL, Lc-fol. v. a. To in- 
fatuate, to fool. 

BEFORE, be-fo're. prep. Further 
onwarJ in place ; in the front of, 
not behind ; in the prefcnce of ; 
under the cognizance cf ; preced- 
ing in time ; in preference to ; 
prior to ; fuperior to. 

BEFORE, be-fore. ad. Sooner 
than, earlier in time; in time pad; 
in fome time lately part ; previouf- 
ly to ; to this time, hitherto ; fur- 
ther onward in place. 

BEFOREHAND, be-fo're-hand. ad. 
In a ftate of anticipation or preoc- 
cupation ; previoufly, by way of 
preparation ; in a ft.ite of accumu- 
lation, or fo as that more has been 
received than expended ; at firft, 
before any thing is done. 

BEFORETIME, bMo're-time. ad. 

To BEFORTUNE, be-fd'r-t6ne. 
V. n. To betide. 

To BEFOUL, be-fou'i. v. a. To 
make foul, to foil. 

To BEFRIEND, be-fr^nd'. v. a. 
To favour ; to be kind to. 

To BEFRINGE, be-frinj'o. v. a. To 
decorate, as with fringes. 

To BEG, beg'. V. n. To live upon 

To BEG, beg'. V. a. To aOc, to feek 
by petition j to take any thing for 

BEGAN, b£-gan'. Irregular prete- 
rite of the verb Begin ; which fee. 

To BEGET, be-get'. v. a. To ge- 
nerate, to procreate ; to produce, 
as effects ; to produce, as accidents. 

BEGETTER, be-gei'-tur. f. He 
that procreates, or begets. 

BEGGAR, beg'-gur. f. One who 
lives upon alms ; a petitioner ; one 
who affumes what he does not 

To BEGGAR, beg'-g6r. v. a. To 
reduce to beggary, to impoverilh ; 
to deprive ; to exhauft. 

BEGGARLINESS, beg'-g6r-li-n{s. 
f. The ftate of being beggirlv. 

H 2 ^EG- 




EEGG.-5iRI.Y, beg'-gur-I)'.a. Mean, 
poor, indigent. 

BKGGARY, beg'-giir y. f. Indi- 

lo EEGIN, bd-gin'. v. n. To en- 
ter upon fomething new ; to toni- 
mence any action or (late ; to enter 
upon exifiencc ; to have its origi- 
nal ; to take rife ; to come into a£l. 

To BEGIN, be-gii»'. V. a. To do 
the firft afl of any thing ; to trace 
from any thing as the firll ground ; 
'Jo begin with, to enter upon. 

BEGINNER, b^giu'-nur. f. He 
that gives the firlt caufe, or origi- 
nal, to any thing; an unexperi- 
enced attcmpter. 

BEGINNING, bcgin'-ring. f. The 
firft original, or caufe ; the entrance 
into aft or being ; the Hate in which 
any thing firft is ; the rudiments, 
or fill! grounds ; the firft part of 
any thing. 

To BEGIRD, bd-gerd'. v. a. To 
bind with a girdle ; to furround, 
to encircle ; to Ihut in with a fiege, 
to beleaguer. 

To BEGIRT, be-gert'. See Be- 

BEGLERBEG,beg'-ler-beg. f. The 
chiefgovernourof a province among 
the Turks. 

To BEGN.AW, bc-na, V. a. To 
bite, to eat away. 

BEGONE, be-goii'. interjeft. Go 
away, hence, away. 

BEGOT, be got'. ) The part. 

BEGOTTEN, be-g6:'n. J paffive of 
the verb Bece r. 

To BEGREASE, be gre'ze. v. 
To foil or dawb with fat matter 

To BEGRIME, be-gri'me. v. a. To 
foil with dirt deep imprefled. 

To BEGUILE, be-gyi'l v. a. To 
impofe upon, to delude j to de- 
ceive, to evade ; to deceive pleaf- 
ingly, to amufe. 

BEGUN, be-gun'. The part, paf- 
five of B EC, IK. 

BEHALF, be-ha'f. f. Favour, caufe ; 
vindication, fupport. 

To BEHAVE, bt-hu've. v. a. To 
carry, to conduft. 

To BEHAVE, be-have. v. n. To 
3t\, to condudl one's felf. 

BEHAVIOUR, hi-hii'-vjiir. f. Man- 
ner of behaving one's felf, whether 
good or bad ; external appearance ; 
gcllure, manner of adlion ; ele- 
gance of manners, gracefulnefs ; 
conduft, general praflice, courfe 
of life ; 'fo be upon one's Beha 
viour, a familiar phrafe, noting 
fuih a Hate as icijuires gieat cau 

To BEHE.AD, bc-hed'. v. a. To 
kill by cutting ort' the head. 

BEHELD, be-hcld'. particip. paf- 
five from ]i\ HOLD. 

BEHE.MOTH, be-hem'-moth. f. 
The hippopotamus, or river-horfe. 

BEHESr, be heft', f. Command, 
precept. , 

BEHIND, be-hl'iid. prep. At the 
back of another; on the back part ; 
towards the back; following an- 
other ; remaining after the depar- 
ture of fomething elfe ; remaining 
after the death of thofe to whom it 
belonged; at a dillance from fome- 
thing going before; infericur lo 

BEHIND, be-hi'nd. ad. Backward. 

BEHINDHAND, be-hi'nd-hand. ad. 
Jn a Hate in which rents or profits 
are anticipated ; not upon equal 
terms, with regard to forwardnefs. 

To BEHOLD, be-ho'id. v. a. To 
view, to fee. 

BEHOLD, be-ho'Id. interj-ft. See, 

BEHOLDEN, bcho'ldn. part, a 
Bound in gratitude. 

BEHOLDER, be-ho'l-dur. f. Spe^a- 

BEHOLDING, be-ho'l-dlng. a. Be- 

BEHOLDING, be-ho'l-dlng. part, 
from the verb Behold. Seeing, 
looking upon. 

BEHOOF, be-hof. f. Profit, ad- 

To BEHOOVE, be-hoVe. v. n. To 
be fit, to be neet. Ufed only im- 
perfonallv with It. 

BEHOOVEFUL, bc-hove-ful. a. 
Ufeful, profitable. 

BEHOOVEFULLV, be-hove-ful- 
ly. ad. Profitably, ufefully. 

To BEHOWL, bc-how'l. v. a. To 
howl at. 

BEING, bc'-'ng. f. Exiftence, op- 
pofed to non-entity ; a particular 
ftate or condition ; the perfon ex- 

BEING, be' ing. conjunft. Since. 

BE IT SO, bc-'it-fo. A phrafe, fup- 
pofe it to be fo ; let it be fo. 

To BELABOUR, bt-la-bur. v. a. 
To be.Tt, to thump. 

BELACE, be-la'fe. v. a. To faften 
fo as to prevent a rope from run- 
ning out any farther; to beat, a 
cant word. 

BELAMIE, bel'-a-my'. f. Afriend, 
an intimate. 

BELAMOUR, bcl' .\mo'r. f. A 

g.illant, conlort. 
BEL.-VrED, Lc-li'-iIJ. a. Benight- 

ToBEL.W, be-U'. V. a. Toblock 
np, to Hop the paff.ige ; to place 
in ambufh. 

To BELCH, beltfh'. t. n. Toej-a 
the wind from the ftomach ; to ilfus 
out bv eruft.ition. 

BELCH, bckni'. f. Th? aftion of 
eructation ; a cant term for li- 

BELD.AM, bel'-dim. f. An old 
woimn ; a hag. n; 

To BELEAGUER, bc-lc'-gur. v. a. ^ 
To befiege, to block up a place. ^ 

BELEAGURER, be-le'-gir-ur. f. 
One that befieges a place. 

BELFLOWER, bel'iflowr. f. A 

BELFOUNDER, bel'-foun^dur. f. 
He whofe trade it is to found or ca(t 

BELFRY, bel'-fry-. f. The place 
where the bells are rung. 

To BELIE, be-ly'. v. a. To coun- 
terfeit, to feign, to mimick ; to 
give the lie to, to charge with 
falfehood ; to calumniate ; to 
give a falfe reprefentation of any 

BELIEF, be-l^'f. f. Credit given 
to fomething which we know not 
of ourfelves ; the theological virtue 
of faith, or firm confidence of the 
truths of religion ; religion, the 
body of tenets held; peifuafion, 
opinion ; the thing believed; creed, 
a form containing the articles of 

BELIEVABLE, bfi-lc-vabl. a. Cre- 

To BELIEVE, be-le'v. v. a. To 
credit upon the authority of an- 
other ; to put confiJence in the ve- 
racitv of any one. 

To BELIEVE, be-lc v. v. n. To 
have a lir.m perfuafion of any thing ; 
to exercife the theological virtue 
of faith. 
BELIEVER, bc-lc'-w'.r. f. He that 
believes, or gives credit ; a pro- 
felTor of Chriftianity. 
BELIEVINGLY, be Ic'-vlng-ly. ad. 

.After a believing manner. 
BELIKE, be-ll'ke. ad. Probably, 
likely, perhaps ; fometimes in a 
fenfe of irony. 
BELL, bel'. f. A velfel, or hollow 
body of cart metal, formed to make 
a noif^ by the afl of fome inftru- 
mcnt (Iriking aga>nft it ; it is ufed 
for any thing in the form of a bell, 
as the cups of Howcrs. 
To i^.EI.L, bel'. v. n. To grow in 
buds or flowers in the form of a 
BELLE, bcl'. f. Ayoungladv. 





BELL-FASHIONED, bel'-fafli'-und. 

a. FLavine the form of a bell. 
BELLES LEITRKb. bei'-lei'r. f. 

Polite literature. 
BELLIGERANT, ") b^l-h'Jzh'-e- 

1 b^l-liJzh'-e- 

> tant. 

3 bcl-IIJzh'-e 


rus. a. ^^ aging war. 
BELLIPOTENT, be!-ll/-f6tent. 

a. Mighty in wir. 
To BELLOW, bel'-lo. v. n. To 
make a noife as a bull ; to make 
any violent outcry ; to vociferate, 
to clamour ; to roar as the fea, or 
the wind. 
BELLOWS, bel'-lus. f The in- 

flrument uferi to blow the fire. 
BELLUINE, bei'-hi-ine. a. Beaft- 

ly, brutal. 
BELLY, bel'-K'. f. That part of 
the human body which reaches 
from the breaft to the thighs, con- 
taining the bowels ; the womb ; 
that part of a man which requires 
food ; that part of any thing that 
fwells out into a larger c.ipiciiy ; 
any place in which fomcthing is 
To BELLY, bel'-ly. v. n. To hang 

out, to bulge out. 
BELLYACHE, bei'-ly-ake. f. The 

BELLYBOUND, bcl'-Iy-bound. a. 

BELLYFUL, bel'-ly-ful. f. As 

much food as fills the belly. 
BELLYGOD, bel'-ly-goJ. f. A 

BELLY-TIMBER, bel'-ly-tim'-bu-. 

f. Food to fupport the belly. 
BELKLAN, bei'-min. f. He whofe 
bufinefs it is to proclaim any thing 
in towns, and to gain attention by 
ringing his bell. 
BELNiETAL, bei'-meil. f. The 

metal of which bells are made. 
To BELOCK, be-16k'. v. a. To 

To BELONG, he-16ng'. v. n. To 
be the property of; to be the pro- 
vince or bufinefs of ; to adhere, or 
be appendant to ; to have relation 
to; to be the quality or attribute of. 
BELOVED, bc-luv'-ed. a. Dear. 
BELOW, be-16'. prep. Under in 
place, not fo high ; inferior in 
dignity ; inferior in excellence ; 
unworthy of, unbefitting. 
BELOW, be-lo. ad. In the lower 
place ; on earth, in oppofuion to 
heaven ; in hell, in the regions of 
the dead. 
To BELOWT, be-low't. v. a. 
To treat with opprobrious lan- 

BELSWAGGER, bii'-A^ig-gir. f. 
A whoremaller. 

BELT, belt', f. A girdle, a cinc- 

BELWETHER, bcl'-weth-fir. f. A 
fheep which leads the flock with a 
bell on his neck : hence, To bear 
the bell. 

To BELY. See Beme. 

To BEMAD, bt-mij'. v. a. To 
make mad. 

To BEMIRE, be miVe. v. a. To 
drag, or incumber in the mire. 

To BEMOAX, be-mon. v. a. To 
lament, to beivail. 

BEMOANER, be-mo'-nur. f. A 

To BEMOCK, be-mok'. v. a. To 
treat with mocks; to make a jell 

To BEMOIL, be-moi'l. v. a. To 
bedrabble, to bemire. 

To LEivlONSTER, be mons'-tur. 
V. a. To make monflrous. 

BEMUSED, be-mu'zd. a. Over- 
come with mulin?. 

BENCH, bintlh'. f. A feat ; a feat 
ofjiiftice; the perfons fitting upon 
a bench. 

BENCHER, b^n'-tfli5r. f. The fe- 
nior members of the fociety of the 
inns of court. 

To BEND, Lend', v. a. To make 
crocked, to crook ; to direft to a 
certain point ; to incline ; to fub- 
doe, to make fubmiflive. 

To BEND, bend', v. n. To be in- 
curvated ; to lean or jut over; to 
be fubmillive, to bow. 

BEND, bend', f. Flexure, incurva- 
tion ; the crooked timbers which 
mske the ribs or (ides of a fhjp 

BENDABLE, ben'-dabl. a. That 
may be bent. 

BENDER, ben'-dur. f. The perfon 
who bends ; the inllruraent with 
which any thing is bent. 

BEND WITH, bend'- with. f. An 

BENEAPED, le-ne'pt. a. A (hip 
is laid to be bencaped, when the 
water does not flow high enough to 
bring herofi^the ground. 

BENEATH, be-neih. prep. Un- 
der, lower in place ; lower in rank, 
excellence, or dignity ; unworthy 
BENEATH, be-ne'th. ad. In a 
lower place, under ; below, as op- 
pofed to heaven. 
BENEDICT, ber/-e-cikt. a. Hav- 
ing mild and falubrious qualities. 
BENEDICTION, ben-5-dik'-fnun. 
f. Ble(Eng,, a decretory pronun- 
ciation of happinels j the advan- 

tage conferred bv blefllr.g ; ac- 
knowledgments for b!e(fings re- 
ceived ; the form of inftituiing an 
BENEFACTION, ben-e-fak'-(bun. 
f. The aft of conferring a bene- 
fit ; the benefit conferred. 
BENEFACTOR, ben-e-fak'-tur. f. 

He that confers a benefit. 
BENEFACTRESS, ben-e-fak'-trL. 
f. A woman who confers a bene- 
BENEFICE, ben'-e-fli. f Advan- 
tage conferred on another. This 
word is generally ufed for %ll eccle- 
fiallical livings. 
BENEFICED, ben'-e fifL a. Pof- 

fefled of a benefice. 
BENEFICENCE, be-nef'-i-fenfe. f. 

Aftive goodnefs. 
BENEFICENT, bg-nef-i-fent. a. 

Kind, doing pood. 
BENEFICIAL," ben-e-fi(h' a. 
Advantageous, conferring bene- 
fits, profitable ; helpful, medici- 
BENEFICIALLY, ben-e-fi(h' -Al-ly. 
ad. Advantageoufly, helpfully. . 
BENEFICIALNESS, ben-e-fifli'-di- . 

rii. f. Ufefulnefs, profit. ,;. 

BENEFICIARY, ben-c filb'-a-rf a. 
Holding fomething in (ubordination 
to another 
BENEFICIARY, hen-h-[hV-k-iy. f. 
He that is in pofTefiioncf a benefice. 
LlENEFir, ben'-e-fit. f. A kind- 
nefs, a favour conferred ; advan- 
tage, profit, ufe ; in law, benefit 
cf clergy is, that a man being found 
guilty of fuch felony as this benefit 
is granted for, is burnt in the hand, 
and fet free, if the ordinary's com- 
miflioner (landing by, do fay. Le- 
git ut clericus. 
To BENEFIT, ben'-e fit. v. a. To 

do gcoJ to. 
To BENEFIT, ben'-eTit. v. n. To 

gain advantage. 
To BENET, be-nct'. v. a. To en- 

BENEVOLENCE, be-nev'-v6-lenfe. 
f. Difpofition to do good, kind- 
nefs ; the good done, the chari;y 
given ; a kind of tax. 
BENE\ OLENT, be-nev'-vo-Ient. a. 

Kind, having good-will. 
BENEVOLENTNESS, be-nev'-v6. 
lent-nis. f. The fame with Be- 
BENGAL, ben-ga'l. f. A fort of thin 

flight llu(F. 
BENJAMIN, bcn'-ja-min. f. The 

name of a tree. 
To BENIGHT, be-nl'te. v. a. To 
furprife with the coming on of 
night ; 



B E S 

night J to involve in darLnefs, to 
embarrafs by want of light. 

BENiGN, fci-nl'ne. a. Kind, ge- 
iien IS, liberal ; vvholefome, not 

FENJGNITY, b£-niv.n!-t^. f. Gra- 
cioufiiefs, afuial kindnei's ; falu- 
brity, wholt'fome quality. 

BENIGNLY, bc-nl'ne-ly. ad. Fa- 
vourably, kindly. 

BENISON, biii'-rl-fiin. f. Bleff- 
ing, bentdidion. 

DENXET, bcn'-nh. f. An herb. 

BJ' NT, bent', f. The ft.ite of being 
bent ; degree of flexure ; declivi- 
ty ; utmoll power ; application of 
(he mind ; inclination, difpofition 
towards foinething; determination, 
fixed purpofe ; turn of the temper 
or dilpofitioii ; tendency, flexion ; 
n ftalk or grals, called the Bent- 

BENT, bint', part, of the verb To 
Bend. Made crooked; direfled to 
a certain point; determined upon 

BEXTING TIME, ben'-ilng-tlme. 
f. The time when pigeons feed 
on bents before peas are ripe. 

To BENUM, be-num'. v. a. To 
mike torpid ; to llupify. 

BENZOIN, ben-zoi'n. f. A medi- 
cinal kind of refin imported from 
the Eafl Indies, and vulgarly call- 
ed Benjamin. 

To BEPAINT, be-pa'nt. v. a. To 
cover with paint. 

To BEPINCH, bc-pintlh'. v. a. To 
mark with pinches. 

To BEPISS, bc-pis'. V. a. To wet 
with urine. 

To BEQUEATH, b<?-kwe'th. v. a. 
To leave by will to another. 

BEQUEATHMENT, b-i-kwc'th- 
m(!nt. f. A legacy. 

BEQUEST, bc-kwilV. f. Some- 
thing left by will. 

To BERATTLE, bd-rit'l. v. a. To 
rattle off. 

BERBERRY, ba'r-ber-r^. f. A 
berry of a fliarp tafte, ufed for 
pickles. ' 

To BEREAVE, b<?-r^'ve. v. a. To 
ilrip ofi^', !• deprive of; to take 
away from. 

BEREAVEMENT, bc-re'vment. f 

BEREFT, be-rch'. part. pa/T. of Be- 

1! EAVE. 
BERGAMOT, ber'-ga-mot. f. A 
fort of pear, commonly called Bur- 
gamot ; a fort of cfTencc, or per- 
ijnic, drawn from a fruit produced 
by ingrafting a lemon tree on a 
beigamot pear ftock ; a fort of 

To BERHYME, b^-rl'me. v. a. To 
celebrate in rhyme or verfcs. 

BERLIN, bdr-iin'. f. A coach of a 
particular form. 

BERRY, ber'-r^ f. Any fmall fruit 
with many feeds. 

To BERRY, ber'-ry-. v. n. To bear 

BERTRAM, ber'-trim. f. Ballard 

BERYL, ber'-ril. f. A kind of pre- 
cious Hone. 

ToBESCREEN, b^-lkt^'n. v. a. To 
fhelter, to conceal. 

To BESEECH, bc-fc tfli. v. a. To 
entreat, to fupplicate, to implore; 
to heo, to afe. 

To BESEEM, be-fe'm. v. n. To 
become, to be fit. 

To BESET, be fet'. v. a. To be- 
lic'ge, to hem in ; to embarrafs, to 
perplex; to waylay, to furround ; 
to fall upon, to barafs. 

To BESHREW, be-(hro . v. a. To 
wifh a curfe to ; to happen ill 

BESIDE, b£-si'de. ) prep. At the 

BESIDES, be-si'des. { fide of an- 
other, near; over and above ; not 
according to, though not con- 
trary ; cut of, in a Hate of devia- 
tion from. 

BESIDE, be-si'de, 1 ad. Over and 

BESIDES, be-sl'des. \ above ; not 
in this number, beyond this clafs. 

To BESIEGE, bc-(eje. v. a. To 
bchaguer, to hy ficge to, to befet 
with armed forces. 

BES1EG]-:R, be-fc'-jiir. f. One em- 
ployed in a fiege. 

To BESLUBBER. be-flob'-bur. v. a. 
To dawb, to fmear. 

To BESMEAR, b^-fme'r. v. a. To 
bedawb ; to foil, to foul. 

To BESMIRCH, be-fmcrtlh'. v. a. 
To foil, to Cifcolour. 

To BESMOKE, bc-fmoke. v. a. To 
foul with fmoke ; to harden or dry 
in fmo'-ie. 

To BESMUT, be fmit'. v. a. To 
blacken with fmoke or foot. 

BESOM, be'z urn. f. An inftru- 
ment to fw/eep with. 

To BESORT, bc-iii'rt. v. a. To 
fuit, to fit. 

BESORT, bc-fi'i;:. f. Company, 
attendance, train. ' 

To BESOi', b£-f6t'. v.. a. To in 
fjluatc, to ftupify ; to make to 

BESOUGHT, be-fi't. part. pafl'. of 
BcsEECii ; which fee. 

To BESPANGLE, bi-fping'l. v. a. 
To adorn with fpangjcs, to be- 
fprinkle with fomcthing Ihining. 

To BESPATTER, bd-fpit'-tur v. a. 
To fpot or fprinkle with dirt or 

To BESPAWL, b^-fpa'l. v. a. To 
dawb with fpittle. 

To BESPEAK, he-fcdk. v. a. To 
order or entreat any thing before- 
hand ; to make way by a previous 
apology ; to forebode ; to fpeak 
to, to addrefs ; to betoken, to 

BESPEAKER, b^-fpd'-kur. f. He 
that befpeaks any thing. 

To BESPECKLE, be-fpek'l. v. a. 
To m.irk with foeckles or fpots. 

To BESPEW, be-fpu'. v. a. To 
dawb with fpew or vomit. 

To BESPICE, bd-fpiTe. v. a. To 
fcafon with fpicos. 

To BESPIT, bc-fph'. v. a. To 
dawb with fpittle. 

BESPOKE, be-ff-o'k. ) Irregular 

BESPAKE, be-fpa'k. I preterite 
of Bespeak. 

BESPOKE, U-fy.b'k. I Irregular 

BESPOKEN, be fpo'kn. J paniciple 
of Bespeak; which fee. 

To BESJ-OT, bt-fpAt'. v. a. To 
mark with fpots. 

To BESPREAD, bc-fprdd. v. a. To 
fprcad over. 

To BESPRINKLE, be-fprlnk'I. v. a. 
To fprinkle over. 

To BESPUT^IER, be fput'-tur. v. a. 
To fputter over foinething, to 
dawb any thing by fputtering. 

BEST, belV. a. Moll good. 

BEST, bell', ad. In the higheft de- 
gree of goodncfs ; fittcfl;. 

To BESTAIN, bc-fta'n. v. a. To 
mark with (lains, to fpot. 

To BESTEAD, be lied. v. a. To 
profit ; to treat, to accommodate. 

BESTIAL, be.-' trtial. a. Belonging 
to a bcalt ; brutal, carnal. 

BESTIALITY, bef-tlhil'-l-t)'-. f. 
The quality of bealls. 

BESTIALLY, bes'-tdiil-ly. ad. Bru- 

To BESTICK, be-fllk'. v. a. To 
iHckovcr with any thing. 

To BESTIR, bd-rtilir'. v. a. To put 
into vitrorous aiilion. 

To BESTOW, bir-i6'. v. a. To 
give, to confer upon ; to give as 
charity ; to give in marriage ; to 
give as a prclcnt ; to apply ; to lay 
out upon ; to lay up, to How, to 

BESTOVVER, hif-io'-iir. f. Giver, 

BESIRAUGHT, be-ftri't. particip. 
Dillraded, mad. 

To BESTREW, b^-ftro. v. a. To 
fprinkle over. 





To BESTRIDE, bc-ftri'de. v. a. To 

ftride oyer any ihing ; to have any 

thing between on;'s legs ; to ftep 

To UESTUD, b^-Hud'. v. a. To 

adorn with ftuds. 
BET, bet', f. A wager. 
To BET, Lei', v. a. To wager, to 

ftake at a wager. 
To BETAKE, b^-:i'ke. v. a. To 

take, to feize ; to have recourfe to. 
To BETEEM, le-ii'm. v. a. To 

brine forth ; to beflow ; to give. 
ToBETKJNK, be-tftink'. v. a. To 

recal to refledion. 
To BETHRAl., be-iiira'l. v. a. To 

enflave, to cor.quer. 
To EETHUMP, be-ihump'. v. a. 

To heat. 
To BETIDE, be-ti'de. v. n. To 

happen to, to befal j to ccme to 

pafs, tp fall out. 
BETIME, be-ti'me. 7 ad. Seafon- 
BETIMES, hi -i'mz. i ably, ear- 
ly ; foon, before long time has 

paiTed ; e.'rlv in the day. 
To BETOKEN, bt-to'kn. v. a. To 

Signify, to mark, to reprefent ; to 

forefhew, to prt-fignify. 
BETONY, bei'-to-ny. f. A plant. 
■ BETOOK, be-tuk'. irreg. pret. from 

To BETOSS, be-toi'. v. a. To 

diflurb, to agitate. 
To BETRAY, be tra'. v. a. To 

g'we into the hands of enemies ; 

to difcover that v%hich has been 

entrufted to fecrecy ; to make 

liable to fomethhig inconvenient ; 

to (hov, to difcover. 
BETRAYER, bc-tr.V ur. f. He that 

betrays, a traitor. 
To BETRIM, bc-tifm'. v. a. To 

deck, todrefs, to grace. 
To BETROTH, b^-tri'ih. v. a. To 

contiaft to any one, to affiance ; 

to ncminale to a biftioprick. 
ToBETRUST, be-tiiiil'. V. a. To 

entruft, to put into the power of 

BETTER, bei'-tur. a. Having good 

qualities in a greater degree than 

fomething elfc. 
BETTER, be't-tir. ad. Well in a 

greater decree. 
To BETTER, bet'-tur. v. a. To 

improve, to meliorate j to furpafs, 

to eAceed, to advance. 
BETTER, bet'-tur. f. .Superior in 

BETTOR, bei'-tur. f. One that 

lays bets or W3ger;. 
BETTY, hii'-if. f. An infirument 

10 break open doer-. 

BETWEEN, be-twe'n. prep. In 
the intermediate fpace ; fiom one 
to another ; belonging to two in 
partnerfhip ; bearing relation to 
two ; in feparation of one from the 

BETWIXT, be-twik'ft. prep. Be- 

BEVEL, ? u' ' 'I 5 '"■ In mafonry 

LEVIL, ( ' ( • and joinery, a 

kind of fcpiare, one leg of which 
is frequently crooked. 


BEVERAGE, bev'-cr-idzh. f. Drink, 
liquor to be drunk. 

BEVY, bev'-)'-. f. A flock of birds; 
a company ; an aflembly. 

To BEWAIL, be-wa'l. v. a. To 
bemoan, to lament. 

To BEWARE, be-ua're. v. n. To 
regard with caution, to be fufpi- 
cious of danger from. 

To BEWEEP, be-we'p. v. a. To 
weep over or upon. 

To BE WET, be-wet'. v. a. To 
wet, to moillen. 

To BEWILDER, bc-wil'-dur. v. a. 
To lofe in pathlefs places, to 

To BEWITCH, be-w!t(h'. v. a. To 
injure by witchcraft j to charm, to 

BEWITCHERY, be-witlb-c-ry. f. 
Fafcination, charm. 

BEWITCHMENT, be-wlilh'-mcnt. 
f. Fafcination. 

To BEWRAY, be-ra'. v. a. To 
betray, to difcover perfidioufly ; to 
Ihew, to make vifible. 

EEWRAYER, be-ra-ur. f. Be- 
trayer, difcoverer. 

BEYOND, bc-yond'. prep. Before, 
at a diftance not reached ; on the 
farther fide of ; farther onward 
than ; part, out of the reach of; 
above, exceeding to a greater de- 
gree than ; above in excellence ; 
remote from, not within the fphere 
of; To go beyond, is to deceive. 

BEZOAR, be'-zir. f. A medicinal 
Hone, formerly in high elleem as 
an antidote, brought from the Eall 

BEZOARDICK, be-zO a'r-dik. a. 
Compounded with bezoar. 

BiANGULATED, by-ang'-gu 


Ai\GLLAlEU, bv-ang'-gu--) 
ANGUL0U3, bv-ang'-gu- (^• 

lus. ' J 

Having t«o corners or angles. 
BIAS, bi'-as. f. The weight lodged 
en one fuiecfabowl, which turns 
it from the rtrait line ; any thing 
which turns a man to a particular 
coirfc; prnpcnfion, ir.r!iaation. 

To BIAS, bi'-as. V. a. To incline 
to fome fide. 

BIB, bib', f. A fmall piece of linen 
put upon the breafts of children," 
over their cloaths. 

To BIB, bib'. V. n. To tipple; to 
fip; to drink frequently. 

BIBACIOUS, bi-ba'-lhus. a. Much 
addifted to drinking. 

BIBBER, blb'-bur. f. A tippler, 

BIBLE, bi'bl. f. The facred volume 
in which are contained the revela- 
tions of God. 

BIBLIOGRAPHER, bib-!y-6g'-gr.a- 
fur. f. A tranfcriber. 

BIBLIOTHECAL, blb-!>6-the'-kaI.. 
a. Belonging to a library. 

BiBULOUii, b'lb'-u-lus. a. That 
which has the quality of drinking 

BICAISULAR, bi-kap'-fu-Ii;-. a- 
A plant whofe feed-pouch is divided 
into two parts. 

BICE, bi'fe. f. A colour ufed in 

BICIPITAL, bi sip'-i-tal. 7 

BICiPlTOUS, bi-sip'-i-tus. i ■ 
Having two heads ; it is applied to 
one of the miifclcs of the arm. 

To BICKER, bik'-kur. v.n. To Ccir- 
milh, to fight off and on; to quiver, 
to play backward and forward. 

BICKERER, bik'-ke-rur. f. A (kir- 

BICKERN, bik'-kurn. f. An iron 
ending in a point. 

BICORNE, bi'-korn. 7 

BICORNOUS, bi-ka'r-niis. i 
Having two horns. 

BICORPORAL, bi-ka'r-pO-ral. a. 
Having two hoJies. 

To BID, biJ'. V. a. Irregular pre- 
terite. Bade, bad' ; participle 
paffive. Bidden : To defire, to 
a(k ; to command, to order ; to 
ofler, to propofe ; to pronounce, 
to declare ; to denounce. 

BIDDEN, bid'n. part. pafl". of To 
Bid. Invited ; commanded. 

BIDDER, bld'-dur. f. One who 
offers or propofps a price. 

BIDDING, bid'-ding. f. Com- 
mand, order. 

To BIDE, bi'de. v. a. To endure, 
to fu ffer. 

To BIDE, bl'de. v.n. To dwell, to 
live, toinhabit; to remain inaplace; 

BIDENTAL, bi-de.i'-tal. a. Hav- 
ing two teeth. 

BIDING, bi'-ding. f. Refidence, 

BIENNIAL, bi-in'-nyil. a. Of the 
continuance of two years. 

BIER, be'r. f. A carriage on which 
the dead are cariied to the grave. 




BIESTINGS, be'f-iingz. f. The 
fiill milk given by a cow after calv- 

BIFARIOUS, bl-fa'-r)us. a. Two- 

BIFEROUS. bIf'-fJ-rus. a. Bear- 
ing fruit twice a year. 

BIFID, H'-flJ. 7 . 

BIFlD-iTED, bif'-fy-di-iid. J "■ 
Opening with a cleft. 

BIFOLD, bi'-foM. a. Twofold, 

EIFORMED, bi'-flrmd. a. Com- 
poiinded of two form';. 

BIFURCATED, bl-fui'-ka-dd. a. 
Scooting out into two heads. 

BIFURCATION, bl-fur-ka'-Ihun. f. 
Divifion into two. 

BIG, hl^'. a. Great in bulk, large; 
teeming, pregnant ; fol! of fome- 
thing ; diftended, fwoln ; great in 
air and mien, proud; great in fpi- 
rit, brave. 

BIGAMIST, big'-gl-ro!il. f. One 
that has committed bigamy. 

BIGAMV, big'-ga-my. f. The 
crime cf having two wives at once. 

BiGBELLIED, big'-bcl-lyd. a. Preg- 

BIGGIN, big'-gin. f. A child's cap. 

BIGLY, big'-ly. ad. Tumidly, 

BIGNESS, big'-rls. f. Greatnefs 
ofquRntity; fize, whether greater 
or fmaller. 

BlGOr, big'-gut. f. A man de- 
voted to a certain party. 

BIGOTED, big'-gut-id. a. Blind- 
ly prepofl'efled in favour of fome- 

BIGOTRY, blg'-giit-try. f. Blind 
zeal, prejudice; th^praclice of a 

BIGSWOl.N, blg'-fwoln. a. Turgid. 

BILANDER, hil-an-dur. f. A 
fmall vefl'cl ufed for the carriage of 

BILBERRY, t!l'-ber-ry. f. Whor- 

BILBO, bil'-b?). f. A rspier, a 

BILBOES, btl'-biz. f. A fort of 

BILE, bi'le. f. A thick, yellow, 
bittpr liquor, feparatcd in the liver, 
coUeifted in the gall-bladder, and 
difcharged by the common dudl. 

BILE, bJ'le. f. A fore angry fwell- 

To BILGE, Lij'e. v. n. To fpring 
a Ic.Tk 

BILIARY, bil'-l)a ry. a. Belong- 
ing to the bile. 

ilLlNGSGATE, bll'-lingz-gAte. f. 
. Ribaldry, foul language. 

BILINGUOUS, bi-Iiiig'-gwus. a. 
Having two tongues. 

BILIOUS, lii'-lyus. a. Confiding 
of bile. 

To BILK, bilk'. V. a. To cheat, to 

BILL, bil'. f. The beak of a fowl. 

BILL, bil'. f. A kinJ of hatchet 
with a hooked point. 

BILL, 111', f. A written paper of 
any kind ; an account of money ; 
a l.iA' prefented to the parliament ; 
a pliyfician's prefcription ; an ad- 

To BILL, bil'. V. n. To carefs, as 
doves by joining bills. 

To BILL, bil'. V. a. To publilh by 
an advertifement. 

BILLET, bll'-let. f. A fmall paper, 
a note ; Billet-doux, or a foft Bil- 
let, a love letter. 

BILLET, bii'-lit. f. A fmall log of 
wood for the chimney. 

To BILLET, bll'-h't. v. a. To di- 
re£l a foldler where he is to lodge ; 
to quarter foldiers. 

BILLIARDS, bil'-lyerdz. f. A kind 
of plav. 

BILLOW, b!r-15. f. AwaveAvoln. 

To BILLOW, bil'-lo. v. n. To 
fwel!, or roll as a wave. 

BILLOWY, b!l'-16 y. a. Swelling, 

BIN, bin', f. A place whare bread, 
oats, or wine, is repofued. 

BINARY, bi'-nJ-ry. Two double. 

To BIND, bi'nd. V. a. Irregular 
preterite, bou'nd. Participle, bound 
or bou'ndn. To confine with 
bonds, to enchain ; to gird, to 
enwrap; to fallen to any thing; 
to fallen together ; to cover a 
wound with dreflings ; to compel, 
to conftrain ; to oblige by lllpula- 
tion ; to confine, to hinder ; to 
make coftive ; to reflrMin ; To bind 
to, to oblige to ftrve fonie one ; 
To bind over, to oblige to make 

To BIND; bi'nd. V. n. To con- 
tract, to grow llifF; to be obliga- 

BINDER, bi'n-dur. f. A man whofe 
trade it is to bind books ;,a man 
that binds rticaves ; a fillet, a Ihred 
cut to bind with. 

BINDING, li'n-dfng. f. A bandage. 

BINDWEED, bi'nd-wt-d. f. The 
name of a plant. 

BINOCLE, l.i'n-okl. f. A telefcope 
fitted fo with two tubes, as that 
a dlllant objcil may be fcen with 
both cye.i. 

BINOCULAR, bi-nuk'- ii-lnr. a. 
Having two eyes. 

BIOGRAPHER, bi-og'-gra-fur. f. 

.•\ writer of lives. 
BIOGRAPHY. l.i og'-gra-fy. f. 

Writing the lives of men is called 

BIPAROUS, bl'-(..i rus. a. Bring. 

ing forth two at a birth. 
BIPARTITE, bi'-par-iite. a. Hav- 
ing two correfpondent parts. 
BIPARTITION, bi-pir-tlih'-in. f. 

The ad of dividing into two. 
BIPED, bi'-pcJ. f. Ananim.ilwkh 

two feet. 
BIPEDAL, bi-pe'-dal. a. Two feet 

in length. 
BIPENN.VTED, bi-pcn'-na-tid. a. 

Having two wings. 
BIPETALOUS, bi-pei'-ta lis. a. 

ConfilHng of two flower-leaves. 
BIQUADRATE, bi-qwi'-drite. 1 
BIC^L'ADRATICK, bi-qwa- i f. 

dril'-ik. 3 

The fourth power arifing from the 
multiplication of a fquare by itfelf. 

BIRCH, burtfii'. f. A tree. 

BIRCHEN, burtfh'-in. a. Made of 

BIRD, biird'. f. A general term for 
the fcithered kind, a fowl. 

To BIRD, bird', v. n. To catch 

BIRDCAGE, bura'-kaje. f. An in- 
clofure made cf wire or wicker, in 
which birds are kept. 

BIRDBOLT, burd'-bolt. f. A fmall 

BIRDCATCHER.bird'-katfh-ir. f. 
One that makes it his employment 
to take birds. ~ 

BIRDER, burd'-ur. f. A birdcatcher. 

BIRDINGPIECE, burd'-ing-pes. f. 
A gun to fhoot birds with. 

BIRDLIME, biiid'-lime. f. A glu- 
tinous fubllance fpread upon twigs, 
by which the birds that light upon 
them are entangled. 

BIRDMAN, burd'-mJui. f. A bird- 

BIRDSEYE, burdz'-l. f. The name 
of a plant. 

BIRDSFOOT,biirdz'-fut. f. A plant. 

BIRDSNESr, birdz'-neft. f. An 

BIRDSNEST, burdz' neil. f. The 
place where a bird lays her eggs 
and hatches her young. 

BIRDSTONGUE, burdz'.tung. f. 
.An herb. 

BIRGANDER, bei'-gan-di'ir. f. A 
fowl of the goofe kind. 

BIRT, [pronouNcf^/] bri/. f. A fiih 
of the turbot kiiul. 

BIRTH, bertli'. f. The afl of com- 
ing into life ; c.ftrailion, lineage ; 
rank whkhi> inherited by dcfcent^ 




the condiuon in which any man is 
born ; thing born ; the aiS of 
bringing forth. 

BIRTHDAY, lenh'-da. f. The 
dav on which any one is born. 

EIRTHDOM, benh'-dum. f. Pri- 
vilege of birth. 

BIRTHMGHT, berth'-nlt. f. The 
night in which any one is born. 

BIRTHPLACE, berth'-plafe.f. Place 
where anv one is born. 

BIRTHRIGHT, lerth'-rlt. f. The 
rights and privileges to which a 
tran is born ; the right of the firlt 

ftrangld. a. Strangled in being 

EIRTHWORT, bcrth'-wurt. f. The 
name of a plant. 

BISCUIT, bis'-kft. f. A kind of 
hard dry bread, maJe to be car- 
ried to fea ; a compofition of fine 
flour, almonds, and fugar. 

To BISECT, bif-fek't. v. a. To 
divide into two parts. 

BISECTION, bif-fek'-niun. f. A 
geometrical term, fignifying the 
divifion of any quantity into two 
equal parts. 

BISHOP, bilh'-up. f. One of the 
head order of the clergy. 

BISHOP, bilV-iip. f. A cant word 
for a mixture of wine, oranges, and 

BISHOPRICK, bilh'-iip-tlk. f. The 
diocefe of a biihop. 

BISHOPWEED, bj(h'-ip-\ved. f, A 

BISK, bilk', f. Soup, broth. 

BISMUTH, biz'-muih. f. Marca- 
fite, a hard, vvhite, brittle, mine- 
ral fubftance, of a metalline nature, 
found at Mifnia. 

BISSEXTILE, blf-feks'-til. f. Leap 

BISSON, bis'-fun. a. Blind. 

BISTORT, bl.-'-tort. f. A plant 
called fnakeweed. 

BISTOURY, bis'-tur-y f. Afurgeon's 
inftrument ufed in making inci- 

BISUI.COUS, bi-sul'-kiis. a. Clo- 

BIT, 111', f. The iron part of the 
bridle which is put into the horfe's 

BIT, bit', f. As much meat as is 
put into the mouth at once ; a fmall 
piece of any thing ; a SpanilhWert 
India filver coin, valued at feven- 
pence halfpenny. 

To BIT, bit'. V. a. To put the 
bridle upon a horfe. 

BirCH, blilh'. f. The female of 

the dog kind ; a name of reproach 
for a woman. 

To BITE, bi'te. v. a. To cru.Ti or 
pierce with the teeth ; to give pain 
by cold ; to hurt or pain with re- 
proach ; to cut, to wound ; to 
make the mouth fmart with an acrid 
tafte ; to cheat, to trick. 

BITE, bi'te. f. The feizure of any 
thing by the teeth ; the ad of a fi(h 
that takes the bait ; a chtat, a 
trick ; a (harper. 

BITER, bi'-tiir. f. Fie that bites ; 
a fifh apt to take the bait ; a trick- 
er, a deceiver. 

BITTACLE, bit'-iakl. f. A frame 
of timber in the fteerage, where 
the compafs is placed. 

BITTEN, bit'n. part. pafl". of the 
verbToBiTE; which fee. 

BITTER, bit'-tur. a. Having a 
hot, acrid, biting talle, like worm- 
wood ; Iharp, cruel, fe\ ere ; ca- 
lamitous, miferable ; reproachful, 
fatirical ; unpleafing or hurtful. 

BITTERGOURD, blt'-iur-gord. f. 
A plant. 

BITTERLY. bJt'-tiar-ly. ad. With 
a bitter tafte ; in a biting manner, 
forrowfully. calamitoully ; lliarp- 
ly. feverely. 

BITTERN, bit'-tern. f. A bird with 
long legs, which feeds upon fi(h. 

BITTERNESS, blt'-tur-nis. f. A 
bitter talle ; malice, grudge, ha- 
tred, implacability ; (harpnefs, fe- 
\erity of temper ; fatire, piquancy, 
keennefs of reproach ; forrow, 
vexation, afflidion. 

BITTERSWEET, bJt'-tiur.fwet. f. 
.An apple which has a compounded 

BITTERVETCH, blt'-iir-vJtlh. f. 
A plant. 

BITTERWORT, bit'-tur-» iirt. f. 
An herb. 

BITTOUR, blt'-tor. f. See Bit- 

TtR N. 

BITUMEN, bi-ti'-men. f. A fat 
unftuous matter dug out of the 
earth, or fcummed off lakes. 

BITUMINOUS, b!-tii'-mi-nus. a. 
Compounded of bituar.en. 

BIVALVE, bi'-v.Alv. a. Having 
two valves or fliutters, ufed ofthofe 
fifli that have two fliells. as cy- 

BIVALVULAR, bi-val'-vu-lar. a. 
Having two valves. 

BIXWORT, bik'f-wurt. f. An 

BIZANTINE, biV-an-tlne. f. A 
great piece of gold valued at fifteen 
pounds, which the kin§ ofFereth 
upon high fellival days. 

To BLAB, blab', v. a. To tell what 

ought to be kept fecret. 
To BLAD, b!ib'. v. n. To tatile, 

to tell tales. 
BLAB, blab', f. A teltale. 
BLABBER, blab'-bur. f. A tattler, 

a teltale. 
BLACK, blik'. a. Of the colour of 

night ; dark ; cloudy of counte- 
nance, fuilen ; horrible, wicked ; 

difmal, mournful. 
BLACK-BRYONY, bl'.k-brl'-o-ny. 

f. The name of a plant. 
BLACK-CATTLE,, buiii'-katl. f. 

Oxen, bulls, and cows. 
BLA^K-GUARD, blag-gi'rd. f. A 

dirty fellow. A low term. 
BLACK-LEAD. b:dk-16d'. f. A 

mineral found in the lead mines, 

much ufed for pencils. 
BLACK-PUDDING, blak-pud'- 

ding. f. A kind of food made of 

blood and grain. 
BLACK-ROD, b]ak-r6d'. f. The 

ulher belonging to the order of the 

garter ; fo called from the black 

rod he carries in his hand. He is 

ulher of the parliament. 
BLACK, blak'. f. A black colour; 

mourning ; ablackamoor ; that part 

of the eye which is black. 
To BLACK, blak'. v. a. To make 

black, to blacken. 
BLACKAMOOR, blak'-a-mor. f. A 

BLACKBERRY, blak'-ber-r^. f. A 

fpecies of bramble ; the fruit of it. 
BLACKBIRD, blik'-burd. f. The 

name of a bird. 
BLACK-BROWED, bHk'-browd. 

a. Having black eyebrows ; 

gloomy; di.'mal. 
To BLACKEN, blak'n. v n. To 

makeof a black colour ; to darken, 

to defame. 
To BLACKEN, blak'n, v. n. To 

grow black. 
BLACKISH, blik'-i(h. a. Some- 
what black. 
BLACKMOOR, blak'-aior. f. A 

BLACKNESS, b!ak'-ris. f. Black 

colour ; darknefs. 
BLACKSMITH, blik'-firlih f. A 

fmith that works in iron, fo called 

from being very frriutty. 
BLACKTAIL. blak'-taj. f. The 

ruff or pope. A fmall fifh. 
BLACKTHORN, blak' - tii6rn. f. 

The floe. 
BLADDER, blAd'-dur. f That vcf- 

fel in the body which contains the 

urine ; a bliller, a purtule. 
BLADDER-NUT, blid'-dur-nut. f. 

A plant. 

I BL.\D- 




BLAPPER SENA, blid'-dir-fen-S. 

f. A plant. 
BLADE, bla'de, {. The fpire of 

grafs, the green (hoots of corn. 
BL.'XDr., blade, f. The (harp or 

l^ril^itig p^rt of a weapon pr inftru- 

ment ; a brifc man, either fierce or 


BLADF.BONE, bla'de-bone. f. The 
fc?pula, or fcapular bone. 

BL.>DEIJ, bla'-dld. a. Having 
blades or fpires. 

BLAIN, bla'n. f. Apuftule, ablif- 

BLAMEABLE, bla-mibl. a. Cul- 
pable, faulty. 

BLAMEABLENESS, bla'-mabl-nls. 
f. Fault. 

BLAMEABLY, bla'-ma-blj'.ad. Cul- 

To BLAME, blame, v. a. To ccn- 
fure, to charge with a fault. 

BLAME, bla'me. f. Imputation of 
a fault ; crime ; hurt. 

BLAMEFUL, bla'me-ful. a. Cri- 
minalj guilty. 

BLAMELESS, bla'me-lls. a. Guilt- 
lefs, innocent. 

BLAMELESLY, bla'me-lef-ly. ad. 

BLAMELESNESS, blame-lcf-nls. 
f. Innocence. 

BLAMER, blam-ur. f. A cen- 

BLAMEWORTHY, bla'me-wiir-thy. 
a. Culpable, blameable. 

To BLANCH, blani'ih. v. a. To 
whiten ; to ftrip or peel fuch things 
as have hulks ; to obliterate, to pafs 

ELAN CHER,'-tfhiir. f. A 

BLAND, bUnd'. a. Soft, mild, 
gentle. i 

To BLANDISH, blan'-difn. v. a. 
To fmooth, to foften. 

BL.'\NDISHMENT, blan'- dllh - 
ment. f. Ail of fondnefs, expref- 
fion of tendernefs by gefture ; foft 
words, kind fpeeches ; kjnd treat- 
'BLANK, blink', a. White ; un- 
written ; confufed ; withouLrhime. 

BLANK, blank', f. Avoid fpace ; 
a lot, by which nothing is gained ; 
a paper \inw.'vtten ; the point to 
which an arrow or (hot is direct- 

BLANKET, blink'-h. f. A wool- 
len cover, foft, and loofely woven ; 
a kind nf pear. 

ToDLANKET, blank'-h. v. a. To 
cover with a blanket ; to tofs in a 

BLANKLY, bl.\[ik'-ly. ad. Ip a blank 

manner, with palenefs, with con- 

To BLASPHEME, blaf-fc'm. v. a. 
To fpeak in terms of impious ir- 
reverence of God ; to fpeak evil 

To BLASPHEME, blaf-fe'm. v. n. 
To (peak blafphemy. 

BLASPHEMER, blif-fc'-mur. f. A 
wretch that fpeaks of God in im- 
pious and irreverent terms. 

BLASPHEMOUS, bl-u.'-fi-mus. a. 
Impioufly irreverent with regard to 

BLASPHEMOUSLY, bla,'-fe-muf- 
ly. ad. Inipioully, with wicked 

BLASPHEMY, bl4s'-f5-m^f. Blaf- 
phemy is an o(Fering of fome in- 
dii^nity unto God himfelf. 

BL.\ST, blAlV. f. A gull or pufF of 
wind; the found made by any in- 
(Irument of wind mufi^.k ; the ilroke 
of a malignant planet. 

To BLAST, blall'. v. a. To Ilrike 
with fome ("udden plague ; to make 
to wither ; to injure, to invalidate ; 
to confound, to ftrik? vvith ter- 

BLASTMENT, blAd'-men.t. f. Sud- 
den ftroke of infeftion. 

BLATANT, bla'-iAnt. a. Bellow- 
ing as a calf. 

To BLATTER, bh\i'-tiir. v.n. To 

BLAY, bli'. f. A fmall whirilh ri- 
ver filh ; a ble?.k. 

BLAZE, blaze, f. A flame, the 
light of the flame; publication; a 
white mark upon a horfe. 

To BLAZE, bliVze. v. n. To flame ; 
to be confpicuous. 

To BLAZE, bia'ze. v. a. To pub- 
lifli, to make known ; to blazon ; 
to inflame ; to fire. 

BLAZER, bla'-zur. f. One that 
fpreads reports. 

To BLAZON, blaz'n. V. a. To ex- 
plain, in proper terms, the figures 
on enfigns armorial ; to deck, to 
embellilh ; to difplay, to fet to 
(how ; to celebrate, to fet out ; to 
blaze about, to make publick. 

BLAZONRY, bliz'-iin-r^. f. The 
art of blazoning. 

To BLEACH, ble'tlh. v. a. To 

BLEAK, bld'k. a. Pale ; cold, 

BLEAK, ble'k. f. A fjnall river 

BLEAKNESS, blfi'k-nls. f. Cold- 
neff, chillnefs. 

BLEAKY, b!<V-k^ a. Bleak, cold, 

BLEAR, bl^'r. a. Dim with rheum 
or water; dim, obfcure ia gene- 

BLEAREDNESS, ble'-rid-nis. f. 
The Hate of being dimmed with 

To BLEAT, ble't. v. n. To cry as 
a flieep. 

BLEAT, ble't. f. The cry of a (beep 
or lamb. 

BLEB, bleb', f. A blifter. 

BLED, blei'. Preterite and parti- 
ciple of the verb To Bleed ; which 

To BLEED, ble'd. V. n. To lofe 
blood, to run with blood; to drop, 
as blood. 

To BLEED, We'd. v. a. To let 

To BLEMISH, b!em'-i(h. v. a. To 
mark with any deformity ; to de- 
fame, to tarnifli, with refpeiSl to 

BLEMISH, blem'-llh. f. A mark 
of deformity, a fear ; reproach, 

To BLENCH, blentfft'. v. n. To 
(brink, to ftart back. 

To BLEND, blend', v. a. To mingle 
together; to confound j to pollute, 
to fpoil. 

BLENT, blent'. The obfolete par- 
ticiple of Blend. 

To BLESS, bles'. v. a. To make 
happy, to profper ; to wifh. happi- 
nefs to another ; to praife ; to glo- 
rify for benefits received. 

BLESSED, bles'-sed. particip. a. 
Happy, enjoying heavenly feli- 

BLESSEDLY, bl^s'-si'd-I^ad. Hap- 

BLESSEDNESS, bles'-sed-n.N. f. 
Happinefs, felicity ; fancUty ; hea- 
v,(^nly felicity ; Divine favour. 

BLESSER, ble:.'-iur. f. He that 

BLESSING, bles'-sing. f. Benedic- 
tion ; the means of happinefs ; Di- 
vine (avour. 

BLEST, blell'. part. a. Happy. 

BLEW, bliV. The preterite from 
Blow. ' 

BLlGirr, lili't. f. Mildew; any 
thing nipping, or blalling. 

ToBLIGlir, bli't. v. a. To blaft, 
to hinder from fertility. 

BLIND, bli'nd. a. Without fight, 
dark; intelle£lually dark ; unlcen, 
private ; dark, oblcure. 

To IILIND, bil'nd. v. a. To make 
blind ; to darken ; to obfcure to 
the eye ; to obfcure to the under-' 

BLIND, bli'nd. f. Something to 




hinder the fight ; fomething to ' 

To BLINDFOLD. bli'nd-/3Id. v. a. 
To hinder from feeing by blinding 
the eyes. 

BLINDFOLD, bli'nd-fold. a. Hav- 
ing the eyes cmered. 

BLINDLY, bli'nd-K'-. ad. Without 
iight ; implicitly, without exami- 
nation ; without judgment or di- 

BLINDMAN'S BUFF. bH'nd-manz- 
biif. f. A play in which fome 
one is to have his eyes covered, 
and hunt out the reft of the com- 

BLINDNESS, bli'nd-nis. f. Want 
of fight ; ignorance, inteileftual 

BLINDSIDE, bli'nd-srde. f. Weak- 
nefs, foible. 

BLINDVVORM, bli'nd-wurm. f. 
A fmall viper, venomou?. 

To BLINK, blink', v. n. To wink ; 
to fee obfcurely. 

BLINKARD, blink'-erd. f. One 
that has bxd eyes ; {bmething 

BLISS, blis'. f. The higheftdegi-ee 
of happif.efs ; the happinefs of 
blefled fouls ; felicity in gene- 

BLISSFUL, blls'-ful. a. Happy in 
the higheft degree. 

BLISSFULLY, blL'-fuIi-Iy. ad. Hap- 
pily. ■: - 

BLLS'SFULNESS, bllt'-fai-nls. f. 

BLISTER, blis'-iur. f. A puftule 

formed t^ raifing the cuticle from 

the cutis ; any fwelling made l)y 

the feparation of a film or fkin from 

the other parts. 
To BLISTER, blls'-tur. v. n. To 

rife in blifters.. 
To BLISTER, blis'-liir. v. a. To 

raife bliilers by fome hurt. 
BLITHE, blithe, a. Gay,' airy. 
BLIIHLY, bli'th-ly. ad. In a blithe 


bll'th-nls. T 

v'ESS, bli'th-fum- I 

f. The quality of being blithe. 
BLITHSOiVIE, bli'th-fum. a. Gay, 

To BLOAT, bl6'te. t. a. To 

To BLOAT, blo'te. y. n. To grow 

ELOATEDNESS, b)o-ted-nis. f 

Turgid nefs ; fwelling. 
BLOBBER, blob'-bur. f. A bubble. 
BLOiibERLlP, blob'-bir.lJp. f. A 

duck lip. 

BLOBBERLIPFED, bl6b'-bfir 

BLOBLIPPED, b!6b'-IIpt. 

Having fwelied or thick lips. 
BLOCK, bl6k'. f. A ftiort heavy 
piece of timber ; a rough piece of 
marble ; the wood on which hats 
are formed ; the wood on which 
criminals arc beheaded ; an ob- 
llruclion, a Hop ; a fea term for a 
pullv ; a blotkhend. 
To BLOCK, bl.'.k'. v. a. To Ihut 
up, to cnclofe. 

BLOCR-HOUSF,, biok'-houfe. f. A 
fortrefs built to obilruft or block 
tp a pafs. 

BLOCK-TIN, bl6k'-t{n'. f. Tin 
pure or unmixed. 

.HLOCKADE, blok-fca'de. f. A 
fiege carried on by (hutting op the 

To BLOCKADE, blok-ka'de. v. a. 
To (hut up. 

BI^OCKHEAD, l>16k'-hed. f. A 
(lupid fellow, a dolt, a man with- 
out parts. 

BLOCKHEADED, bI6k'-h.5d'-id. a. 
Stupid, dull. 

BLOCKISH, blok'-ifti. a. Stupid, 

DLOCKISHLY, blok'-ifh-Iy. ad. 
In a (lupid manner. 

BLOCKISHNESS, blok'-ifh-nls. f. 

BLOOD, blud'. f. The red liquor 
that circulates in the bodies of ani- 
mals ; child ; progeny ; family, 
kindred ;. defcent, lineage ; birth, 
high extraflion ; murder, violent 
death ; temper of mind, ftate of 
the paflions ; hot fpark ; man of 

To BLOOD, bliid'. v. a. To (lain 
with blood ; to enure to blood, as 
a hound ; to heat, to exafperate. 

BLOOD-BOLTERED, bliid'-bol- 
turd. a. Blood fprinkled. 

BLOODSTONE, blud'-Hone. f. The 
bloodllone is green, fpotted with a 
bright blood-red. 

BLOOD-THIRSTY, blud'-thurf-ty. 
a. Defirous to (bed blood. 

BLOOD-FLOWER, blud'-flowr. f. 
A plant. 

BLOODGUILTINESS, bliid'-gili'- 
y-nis. f; Murder. 

BLOOD-HOUND, bh'id'-hound. f 
A hound that follows by the fcent 
of blood. 

BLOODILY, blfcd'-{-I^. a. Cruelly. 

BLOODINESS, blud'-y-nls. f. The 
ftate of being bloody. 

BLOODLESS, bh'id'-lis. a. Wiih- 
OQC Jblood, dead; without ilaugh- 

i, blud'- > 

BLOODSHED, blud'-died. f. The 
crime of blood, or murder; fiaagh- 

BLOODSHEDDER, bKid'-ftied-dur. 
f. Murderer. 

BLOODSHOT, blud'Vliot 


Filled with blood burfting from its 
propfr ve/jlels. 

BLOODSUCKER,' bluJ'-fuk-6r. f. 
A lei-'ch, a fly, any thing that fucks 
blood ; a murderer. 

BLOOD-VESSEL, blia'-vef-tfl. f. 
Any vclfel in which the blood cir- 
culates in ail animal ; a vein, an 

BLOODY, bliid'-^. a. Stained with 
blood ; cruel, murderous. 

BLOODY-FLUX, b!6d'-y-fiuk's.- f. 
A loofenefs attended with a dif- 
charge of blood. 

BLOODY-MI NDED,blud'y-ml'nd- 
id. a. Cruel ; inclined to mur- 

BLOOM, bl6'm. f. A bloflbm ; the 
ftate of immaturity. 

To BLOOM, bla'm. v, n. To bring 
or yield bloffoms ; to jjoduce, aj 
bloifoms ; to be in a ft.ite of yoiich. 

BLOOMY, bl6'-my. a. Full of 
blooms, flowery. 

BLOSSOM, blos'-sum. f. The 
flower that grows on any plant. 

To BLOSSOM, blos'.suHi.v. n. To 
put forth bloflbms. 

To BLOT, blot'. V. a. To oblite- 
rate, to make writing invifible ; to 
efface, to erafe; to blur ; to dif- 
grace ; to disfigure; to darken. 

BLOT, blot', f. An obliteration of 
fomething written ; a blur, a fpot; 
a fpot in reputation. 

BLOl CH, blotlh'. f. A fpot or 
puftule upon the fitin. 

To BLOTE, blo'te. v. a. To fmoke, 
or dry by the fmoke. 

BLOW, bio', f. A firoke ; the fa- 
tal ftroke ; a fingle aiSlion, a fud- 
den event ; the aft of a fly, by 
which he lodges eggs in flelh. 

To BLOW, bl6'. V. n. To move 
with a current of air ; this word 
is ufed fometimes imperfonally 
with It, as. It blows ; to pant, 
to pufi^ ; to breathe bard ; to found 
by being blown ; to play mufically 
by wind ; to bloom, to bloiTom ; 
To blow over, to pafs away with- 
out elFeifl ; To blow up, to fly into 
the .nir by the force df gunpowder. 
To BLOW, bio'. V. a. To drive by 
the force of the wind ; to inflame 
with wind ; to fwtll, to puif into 
lize ; to foun<d an inJliHJinent of 
I 2 wind 




wind mufick ; to warm xvjth the 

breath ; to fpread by report ; to 

infeft with the eggs of flies ; To 

blow out, to cxtingaifh by wind ; 

To blow up, to raife or fwell with 

breath ; To blow up, to deftroy 

with gunpowder ; To blow upon, 

to make Hale. 
BLO\VER, blo-ur. f. A melter of 

tin oie ; a particular kind of 

BLOWN, blu'n. Participle paflive 

of Blow ; which fee. 
BLOWTH, bI<V;h f. The bloflbm. 

the bloom of a plant ; little ufed. 
BLOWZE, blow'ze. f. A ruddy 

fit-faced wench ; a female whofe 

hair is in diforder. 
BLOWZY, blow'-zy. a. Sun-burnt, 

hiffh coloured. 
BLUBBER, bliib'-bur. f. The part 

of .1 whale that contains the oil. 
To BLUBBER, blub'-biir. v. n. To 

weep in fuch a manner as to fwell 

the checks. 
BLUDGEON, blud'-jim. f. A (hort 

ftick, with one end loaded. 
BLUE, blue. a. One of the feven 

original colours. 
BLUEBOTTLE, bhVc-b.'n'l . f. A 

flower of the bell fliape ; a fly with 

a large blue belly. 
BLUELV, blu'e-ly. ad. With a 

blue colour. 
BLUENESS, blu'e-nis. f. The qua- 
lity of being blue. 
BLUFF, blif. a. Big, furly, bluf- 

BLUISH, blu'-irti. a. - Blue in a 

fmall degree. 
To BLUNDER, blihn'-dur. v. n. To 

miftake groffly, to err very widely ; 

to flounder, to Humble. 
To BLUNDER, blun'-dur. v. a. 

To mix foolifhly or blindly. 
BLUNDER, blun'-dur. f. A grofs 

or (hameful midake 
BLUNDERBUSS, bliin'-der-biis. f. 

A gun that is difcharged with ma- 
ny bullets. 
BLUNDERER, blun'-de-rur. f. A 

ELUNDEiiHEAD, bli./-dir-hcd. f. 

A flupid fellow. 
BLUNT, blunt', a. Dull on the 

edge or point, not flisrp ; dull in 

underllanding, not cjuitk ; rough, 

not delicate ; abrupt, not ele- 
To BLUNT, blunt', v. a. To dull 

the edge or pcint ; to reprefs or 

weaken any appetite. 
BLUNTLY, bh'int'-ly. ad. VMth- 

out (liarpncfs ; coarfely, plainly. 
BLUNTNESS, blim'-nls. f. Want 

of edge or point; coarfenefs, rough- 
nefs of manners. 

BLUNT- WITTED, blunt'-wK'-id. 
a. Dull, rtupid. 

BLUR, blur', f. A blot, a llain. 

To BLUR, blur'. V. a. To blot, to 
efface ; to ftain. 

To BLURT, blurt', v. a. To let 
fly without thinking. 

To BLUSH, bh'.ni'. V. n. To be- 
tray fliarne or confufion, by a red 
colour in the check ; to carry a red 

BLUSH, bh'ifli'. f. The colour in 
the cheeks ; a red or purple co- 
lour ; fudden appearance. 

BLUSHY, bluih'-y. a. Having the 
colour of a blufh. 

To BLUSTER, blus'-tur. v. n. To 
roar, as a ftorm ; to bully, to 

BLUSTER, blus'-tiir, f. Roar, 
noife, tumult; boafl, boiflerouf- 

BLUSTERER, blii'-t^-rir. f. A 
fwagijerer, a bully. 

BLUSTROUS, blu.'-trus. a. Tu- 
rn ultuouf, noify. 

BO, bo. interj. A word of tcr- 

BOAR, bo r. f. The male fwine. 

BOARD, lo'rd. f. A piece of wood 
of more length and breadth than 
thicknefs ; a table ; a table at 
which a council or court is held ; 
a court of jurifdi£lion ; the deck or 
floor of a ihip. 

To BOARD, bo'rd. v. a. To enter 
a fliip by force ; to attack, or make 
the firll attempt ; to lay or pave 
with boards. 

To BOARD, bo'rd. v. n. To live 
in a houfe where a certain rate is 
paid for eating 

BOARD-WAGES, b6'rd-wa'.jiz. f. 
V/agcs allowed to fervants to keep 
themfelves in vifluals. 

BOARDER. b6'r-dur. f. One who 
diets with another at a certain 

BOARISH, bo'r-ini. a. Swinifli, 
brut.-il, cruel, 

BO.iR-SPE.AR, bi'r-fper. f. A fpear 
ufed in hunting the boar. 

BO.'i.RDlNG-SCHOOL, bo'rd-Ing- 
f):ol, f. A fchool where the fcho- 
lars live with tlie teacher ; chiefly 
applied to fchools for girls 

To BOASr, biVll. V. n. To dif- 
play one's own worth or ac- 

To BO,\ST, bo'll. v. a. To brag 
of; to magnify, to exalt. 

,;OAS T, bod. f. A proud fpeech ; 
caufe of boaftlng, 


BOASTER, bof-tur. f. A brag- 

BOASTFUL, b&a'-fai. a. Oflen- 

BOASTINGLY, bo'f-tlng-h'-. ad. 

BOAT, bo't. f. A veffel to pafs the 
water in. 

BOATION, bo-a-lhun. f. Roari 

BOATM.AN, bo t-man. \ f. He 

BOATSMAN, bo'tf-man. j that 
manages a boat. 

BOATSWAIN, bo'fn. f. An cSicer 
on board a fliip, who has ch;.rge of 
all her rigging, ropes, cables, and 

To BOB, bob'. V. a. To bear, to 
drub; to cheat, to gain by fraud. 

To BOB, bob'. V. n. To play back- 
ward and forward. 

BOB, bob', f. Something that h.ings 
fo as to play loofe ; the words re- 
peated at the end of a llanza ; a 
blow ; a fliort wig. 

BOBBIN, bob'-bin. f. A fmall pitj. 
of wood, with a notch. 

BOBBIN-WORK, bob'-bfn-wi:rk. f. 
Work woven with bobbins. 

BOBCHERRY, b6b'-tflier-r^ f. A 
play among children, in which the; 
cherry is hung fo as to bob againft 
the mouth. 

BOBTAIL, bob'-tJl. f. Cut tail. 

BOBTAILED, bob'-ta'ld. a. Hav- 
ing a tail cut. 

BOBWIG, bob'-wig'. f. A fliort 

To BODE, bO'Je. V. a. To por- 
tend, to be the omen of 

BODEMENT, boJe-ment. f. Por- 
tent, omen. 

To BODGE, bod'zh. v. n. Ta 

BODICE, bod'-dls. f. Stays, a 
waiftcoat quilted with whalebone. 

BODILESS, bod'-y-lis. a. Incor- 
poreal, without a body. 

BODILY, bod'-I-ly. a. Corporeal,, 
containing body ; relating to the 
bodv, not the mind ; real, actual. 

BODILY, boi'-l-ly-, ad. Corpo- 

BODKIN, bol'-kin. f. An inflru- 
rae nt with a fmall blade and Iharp 
point; an inflrunient to draw a or ribbon through a loop ; 
an inflrument to drcfs the hair. 

BODY, L6d' y. f. The material 
lubdance of an animal ; matter,, 
oppofed to fpirit ; a perfon ; a hu~ 
man being; reality, oppofed to re- 
prefcnt.'ition ; a collcftive mafs ;: 
the main army, the battle ; a cor-, 
poration ; the ouiwatd condition ; 




tfie main part ; a pandeif>, a ge- 
neral collection ; flrength, as wine 
of a good body. 

BODY-CLOATHS, bod'.^-cl6z. f. 
Cloathin^ for hotfes that are dieted. 

BOG, bo^'. f- A niarrti, a fen, a 

BOG-TROTTER, bog'-trot-tiir. f. 
One that lives in a boggy country 

To BOGGLE, bog'l. v. n. To 
ftart, to fly back ; to hcfitate. 

BOGGLER, bog'-lur. f. A doubt- 
er, a timorous man. 

BOGGV, bog'-y. a. Mar/hy, f^vam- 


BOGHOUSE, big'-houfe. f. A 
houfe of office. 

BOHEA, bo-hc. f. A fpecies of 

To BOIL, boi'l. V. n. To be agi- 
tated by heat ; to be hot, to be 
fervent ; to move like boiling wa- 
ter ; to be in hot liquor. 

To BOIL, boi'l. V. a. To feeth ; 
to heat by potting into boiling wa- 
ter; to drefs in boiling water. 

BOILER, boi'-lur. f The perfon 
that boils any thing ; the veflel in 
which any thing is boiled. 

BOISTEROUS, boi'f-teri'is. a. Vio- 
lent, loud, roaring, llormy ; tur- 
bulent, furious ; unwieldy. 

BOISTEROUSLY, boiT-'te ruf-ly. 
ad. Violently, tumultuoully. 

BOISTEROUSNESS, boi'f-te-ruf- 
nis. f. Tumultuoufnefs ; turbu- 

BOLARY, bo'-la-r^. a. Partaking 
of the nature of bole. 

BOLD, bold. a. Daring, brave, 
Jlout ; executed with fpirit ; confi- 
Jcnt, not fcrupulous ; impudent, 
rude; licentious; ftanding out to 
the view ; To make bold, to take 

To BOLDEN. bo'ldn. v. n. To 
m.TKe hold. 

BOLDFACE, hVid-fafe. f. Impu- 
dence, faucinefs. 

BOLDFACED, bold fill. a. Im- 

BOLDLY, boid-ly ad. In a bold 

BOLDNESS, bold-nis. f. Courage, 
bravery ; exemption from caution; 
aflurance, impudence. 

BOLE, bu'ie. f. The body or trunk 
of a tree ; a kind of earth ; araea- 
fure of corn containing fix bulhels. 

BOLIS, bO'-Ils. f. Bolis is a great 
fiery ball, fwiftly hurried through 
the air, and generally drawing a 
tail after it. 

BOLL, bo'l. f. A round ftalk or 

To BOLL, bo'l. V. n. To rife in a 


BOLSTER, bol-ftur. f. Something 
laid in the bed, to fupport the 
head ; a pad, or quilt ; comprefs 
for a wound. 

To BOLSTER, bo l.ftir. v. a To 
fupport the head with a bolder ; to 
aftord a bed to; to hold wounds 
together with a comprefs ; to fup- 
port, to maintain. 

BOLT, bo'lt. f. An arrow, a dart ; 
a thunderbolt ; Bolt upright, that 
is, upright ?s an arrow ; the bar of 
a door; an iron to fallen the legs; 
a fpot or ftain. 

To BOLT, b6'lt. V. a. To (hut or 
fallen with a bolt ; to blurt out ; 
to fetter, to ihackle ; to fift, or 
feparate with a fieve ; to examine, 
to try out; to purify, to purge. 

To BOLT, bo'lt. V. n. 'To fpring 
out with fpeed and fuddennefs. 

BOLTER, bol-tur. f. A fieve to 
feparate meal from bran. 

BOLTHEAD, bo'lt-hed. f. Along 
llrait-necked glafs veffel, a matrafs 
or receiver. 

BOLTING-HOUSE, bo'l - tlng- 
houfe. f. The place where meal 
is fifted. 

fprit. f. A mall running out at 
the head of a Ihip, not Handing up- 
right, but aflope. 

BOLUS, b6'-lu5. f. A medicine, 
made up into a foft niafs, larger 
than pills. 

BOMB, bom', f. A loud noife ; a 
hollow iron ball, or fhell, filled 
with gunpowder, and furnilhed 
with a vent for a fufee, or wooden 
tube, filled with combullible mat- 
ter, to be th^o^vn out from a mor- 

BOMB-CHEST, bom'-tiheil. f. A 
kind of cheil filled with bombs, 
placed under-ground, to blow up 
in the air. 

SOMB-KETCH, bom'-ke:(h. 7 . 

BOMB-VESSEL, bom'-ves'-sil. J 
A kind of fhip, llro.igly built, to 
bear the (hock of a mortar. 

BOMBARD, bom'-bard. f. A great 
gun ; a barrel for wine. 

To BO.MBARD, bom-bard. v. a. 
To attack with bomb.<. 

BOMBARDIER, bom-bir-der. f. 
The engineer, whofe employment 
it is to Ihoot bombs. 

BOMBARDMENT. bom - ba rd- 
ment. f. An attack made by 
throwing bombs. 

BOMB.VSIN,'n. f. A 
niolu fliken n«ff. 

BOMBAST, bim-bafl'. f. Fuftian, 
big words. 

BOMBAST, bo.Ti-balV. a. High 

BOMBULATION, bom-bi-la'-fhun. 
f. Sound, noife. 

BOMBYCINOUS, bom-bis'-sy-nus. 
?. Silken, made of filk. 

BONAROBA, bo'-na-io-bi. f. A 

BON ASUS, b6-na'-si3. f. A kind 
of b'jfi^alo. 

BONCHRETIEN, b6a-kre:'-t(hyen. 
f. A fpecies of pear. 

BOND, bond', f. Cords, or chains, 
with which any one is bound ; li- 
gament that holds any thing toge- 
ther ; union, connexion ; impri- 
fonment, captivity ; cement of 
union, caufe of union ; a writing 
of obligation ; law by which any 
one is obliged. 

BONDAGE, bon'diJzh. f. Capti- 
vity, imprifonment. 

BONDMAID, bond'-maj. f. A wo- 
man flave. 

BONDMAN, bond'-man. f. A maa 

BONDSERVANT, bond'-fer-vant. 
f. A flave. 

BONDSERVICE, bond'-fer-vis. f. 

BONDSLAVE, bond' flave. f. A. 
man in flavery. 

BONDSMAN, bond'z-man. f. One 
bound for another. 

BONDWOMAN, bond'-wum-un. f. 
A woman flave. 

BONE, bone. f. The folid parts of 
the body of an animal ; a fragment 
of meat, a bone with as much flefli 
as adheres to it ; To make no 
bones, to make no fcruple ; dice. 

To BONE, bo'ne. v. a. To take 
out the bones from the flefli. 

BONELACE, bo'ne-lafe. f. Flaxen 

BONELESS. bone-Hs. a. Without 

To BONESET. bone-fet. v. n. To 
rcllore a bone out of joint, or join 
a bone broken. 

BONESETTER, bj ne-fct-tu--. f. 
One who makes a praftice of fet- 
ting bones. 

BONFIRE, bu'n-flre. f. ASumadfr 
for triumph. 

BONGR.ACE, bon-gris. f. A co- 
vering for the forehead. 

BONNET, bon'-nlt. f. A hat, a 

BONNETS, bon'-nits. f. Small 
fails fet on the courfes on the 
mizzen, mainfiil, aad fbre- 





BONNILY, bon'-D)'-!;^. ad. Gaily, 

BONNINESS, bon'-ny-nls. f. Gay- 

ety, handfomenefs. 
BONNY, bon'-n)'-. a. Handfome, 

beautiful ; gay, merrv. 
BONNY-CLABBER, bon-ny-klab'- 

bur. f. Sour buttermilk 
BONUM MAGNUM, b6'-num- 

niag'-num. f. A great plum. 
BONY, hb'-Tif. a. Confining of 

bones; full of bones. 
BOOBY, bo-b^. f A dull, heavy, 

ftupid fellow. 
BOOK, bo'k. f A volume in which 

we read or write ; a particular part 

of a work ; the regitler in which 

a trader keeps an account ; In 

books, in kind remembrance ; 

Without book, by memory. 
To BOOK, bo'k. v. a. To regifler 

in a book. 
BOOK-KEEPING, b6'k-k*p-Ing. f. 

The art of keeping accounts. 
BOOKBINDER, bo'k-bin-dfir. f 

A man whofe profeflion it is to bind 

BOOKFUL, bo'k-ful. a. Crowded 

with undigefted knowledge. 
BOOKISH, b6'-ki(h. a. Given to 

BOOKISHNESS. bok-Iih-nls. f. 

BOOKLE.ARNED, bok-ler'-nld. a. 

Verfed in books. 
BOOKLEARNING, bok-ler'-nlng. 

f. Skill in literature, acquaintance 

with books. 
BOOKMAN, bo'k-man. f. A man 

whofe profeffion is the ftudy of 

BOOKMATE,bok-mate. f. School- 
BOOKSELLER, bo'k-fel-Ifir. f. A 

man whofe profeflion it is to fell 

BOOKWORM, bo'k-wurm. f. A 

mite that eats holes in books ; a 

ftudent too clofely fixed upon books. 
BOOM, bom. f In fea-language, 

a long pole ufed to fpread out the 

clue of the ftuddjng fail ; a pole 

with bullies or baflcets, fet upas a 

mark to fhew the failors how to 

ftcer ; a bar laid crofs a harbour, 

to keep out the enemy. 
To BOOM, bom. v. n. To rulh 

with violence. 
BOON, h<S'n. f. A gift, a grant. 
BOON, bfVn a. Gay, merry. 
BOOR, bor. f. A lout, a clown. 
BOORISH, bo'r-iih. a. Clownifti, 

BOORISHLY, bo'r-ilh-ly. ad. Af- 
ter a downitti manner. 

BOORISHNESS. bi'r-inunls. f. 
Coa'fenefs of manners. 

BOOSE, boz. f. A ftall for an ox, 
or a cow. 

To BOOSE, bo'z. V. n. To drir.k, 
to guzzle. Not nxuch ufed. 

BOOSY, hb'-zf. a. Merry, a little 
in drink 

To BOOT, bo't. r. a. To profit, 
to advantage; to enrich, to bene- 

BOOT, bo't. f. Profit, gain, ad- 
vantage ; To boot, with advan- 
tage, over and above ; booty or 

BOOT, bo't. f. A covering for the 
lee, ufed by horfemen. 

BOOT of a Coach, bo't. f. The 
place under the co.ich -box. 

BOOT-HOSE, bo't-h6ze. f. Stock- 
ings to ferie for boots. 

BOOT-TREE, bo't-trce. f. Wood 
fliaped like a leg, to be driven in- 
to boots for Ill-etching them. 

BOOTCATCHER, b6't-kitfh-iir. f. 
The perfon whofe bufinefs at an 
inn is to pull off the boots of paf- 

BOOTED, ho't-Jd. a. In boots. 

BOOTH, both. f. A houfe built 
of boards or boughs. 

BOOTLESS, bo't-lfs. a. Ufelefs, 
unavailing ; without fuccefs. 

BOOTY, bo'-ty. f. Plunder, pil- 
lage ; things gotten by robbery ; 
To play booty, to lofe by de- 

BOl-EEP. b6-pd'p. f. To play Bo- 
peep, is to look out, and draw 
back, as if frighted. 

BORACHIO, bo-rat'-dho'. f. A 

BORABLE, bo-rabl. a. That may 
be bored. 

BORAGE, bur'-ridzh. f. A plant. 

BORAX, bo-raks. f. An artificial 
fait, prepared from fal armoniac, 
nitre, calcined tartar, fea fait, and 
alum, dilTolved in wine. 

BORDEL, h6r-dc4'. f. A brothel, 
a bawdy-houfe. 

BORDER, l-ar-diir. f. The outer 
part or edge of any thing ; the 
edge of a country ; the outer part 
of a garment adorned with needle- 
work ; a bank raifed round a gar 
den, and fet with flowers. 

To BORDER, bi'r-dur. v. n. To 
confine upon ; to approach nearly 

To BORDER, bd'r-dur. v. a. To 
adorn with a border ; to reach, to 

BORDERER, bi'r-dc rur. f. He 
that dwells on the borders. 

To BORE, bo're. v. a. To pierce 
in a hole. 

To BORE, bo're. v. n. To make a 
hole ; to pulh forwards to a certain 

BORE, bore. f. The hole made by 
boring ; the inllrunicnt with which 
a hole is bored ; the fize of any 

BORE, bo're. The preterite of 

BOREAL, bcV-ryil. a. North- 

BOREAS, bo'-ryis. f. The north 

BOREE, bo'-r^. f. A flep in dan- 

BORER, b6'-rur. f. A piercer; an 
inllrument to make holes with. 

BORN, ba'rn. Come into life. Par- 
ticiple of the verb To Beau, in the 
fenie of bringing forth. 

BORN, born. Part, paflive of To 
Bear, when it fignifies to carry, 
fuftain, fuffer, Sec. See To . 

BORNE, bo'rne. Carried, fupport- 
ed, endured. 

BOROUGH, bur'-ro. f. A town 
with n corporation. 

To BORROW, bor'-ro. v. a. To 
take fomething from another upon 
credit ; to a(k of another the ufe of 
fomething for a time ; to ufe a« 
one's own, though not belonging 
to one. 

BORROWER, bor'-ro iir. f. He 
that borrows ; he that takes what 
is another's. 

BOSCAGE, bos'-kaje. f. Wood, or 

BOSKY, bus'-k)'. a. Woody. 

BOSOM, buz'-iim. f. The bread, 
the heart ; the innermoft part of an 
inclofure ; the folds of the drefs 
that cover the brealt ; the tender 
affeftions ; inclination, defire ; in 
compofition, implies intimacy, con. 
fidence, fondnefs, as my bofom 

To BOSOM, buz'-iim. v. a. To 
indofe in the bofom ; to conceal 
in priv.ncv. 

BOSON, lioTn. f. Corrupted from 


BOSS, bos', f. A ftud ; the part 

rifing in the midll of any thing; 

a thick body of any kind. 
BOSSAGE, lioi'-.-aje. f. Any (lone 

that has a projefture. 
BOSVEL, boz'-vil. f. A f>ccics of 

BOTANICAL, b6-t'.n'-!-kal. 1 
BOTANICK, bo-tin'.-nik. \ ^- , 

Relating to herbs, (killed in herbs. 




BOTANIST, kV-a-nlft. f. One 
{killed in plants. 

BOTANOLOGY, b6-tan-6I'-6-j> . f. 
.1 difcourfe upon plants. 

BOTANY, boi'-a-ny. f. The fcience 
of plants. 

BOTARGO, bo ti'r-go. f. A re- 
lifliing fore of food, made of the 
roes of the mullet fifti. 

BOTCH, Lotfh'. f. A fwelling, or 
eruptive difcoloration of the fkin ; 
a part in any work ill finiftied ; an 
adventitious part clumfily add- 

To BOTCH, botlh'. V. a. To mend 
or patch cloaths clumfily ; to put 
together unfuitably, or unlkilfully ; 
to mark with botches. 

BOTCHER, b6t(h'-ar. f. A mend- 
er of old cloaths. 

BOTCHY, bot'-ifty. a. Marked 
with botches. 

BOTH, UVth. a. The two. 

BOTH, boih. conj. As well. 

DOTS, bit's, f. Small worms in 
the enlr^ls of horfes. 

EOTILE, bot'l. f. A fmall veffel 
of glafs, or other matter; a quan- 
tity of wine ufually put into a 
bottle, a quart ; a quantity of hay 
or grafs bundled up. 

To BOTTLE, boi'l. v. a. To in- 
dole in bottles. 

BOTTLEFLOWER, bot'l-flor-ur. 
f. A plant. 

BOTTLESCREW, bot'l-fkro. f. A 
fcrew to pull out the cork. 

BOTTOM, bot'-tum. f. The low- 
elt part of any thing ; the ground 
under the water; the foundation, 
the ground-work ; a dale, a val- 
ley ; the deepefl: part ; bound, li-; the utmoft of any man's ca- 
pacity ; the laft refort ; a veflel for 
navigation; a chance, or fecurity ; 
a ball of thread wound up toge- 

To BOTTOM, bot'-tum. v. a. To 
build upon, to fix upon as a fup- 
port ; to wind upon fomething. 

To BOTTOM, boi'-tum. v. n. To 
rcll upon as its fupport. 

BOTTOMED, lot'-tumd. a. Hav- 
ing a bottom. 

BOTTOMLESS, bot'-tum-lls. a. 
Without a bottom, fathomlefs. 

BOTTOMRY, boi'-tum-ry. f. The 
aft of borrowing money on a (hip's 

BOUD, bou'd. f. An infeft which 
breeds in malt. 

To BOUGE, bou'je. v. n. To fwell 

BOUGH, bow', f. An arm or a 
large fhoot of a tree. 

BOUGHT, bi't. Preterite of To 

ToBOULT. See Bolt. 

To BOUNCE, bou'nfe. v. n. To 
fall or f!y againll any thing with 
great force ; to make a I'udden 
leap ; to boaft, to bully. 

BOUNCE, bou'nfe. f, A ftrong 
fudden blov/ ; a fudden crack or 
noife ; a boaft, a threat. 

BOUNCER, bou'n-fiir. f. A boaft- 
er, a bully, an empty threatener ; 
a liar. 

BOUND, bou'nd. f. A limit, a 
boundary ; a limit by which any 
excurfion is reftrained ; a leap, a 
jump, a fpring ; a rebound. 

To BOUND, bou'nd. v. a. To li- 
mit, to terminate ; to retrain, to 
confine; to make to bound. 

To BOUND, bou'nd. v. n. To 
jump, to fpring; to rebound, to 
fiy back, 

BOUND, bou'nd. Part, paffive of 

BOUND, bou'nd. a. Deftined, in- 
tending to come to any place. 

BOLNDARY, bou'n-da-ry. f. Li- 
mit, bound. 

BOUNDEN, bou'n-den. Part. pafl". 
of Bind. 

ojne-fione. S f 

BOUND-STONE.bou'nd-flone. i 
A Itone Co play with. 

BOUNDLESSNESS, bou'nd-lef-nls. 
f. Exemption from limits. 

BOUNDLESS, bou'nd-Hs. a. Un- 
limited, unconfined. 

BOUNTEOUS, bou'n-tyus. a. Li- 
beral, kind, generous. 

BOUNTEOUSLY, bou'n-tyiif-ly. 
ad. Liberally, generoufly. 

BOUNTEOUSNESS, bcu'n-tyuf- 
n's. f. Munificence, liberality. 

BOUNTIFUL, bou'n t^-ful. a. Li- 
beral, generous, munificent. 

BOUNTIFULLY, Lou'n-ty-ful-ly. 
ad. Liberally. 

BOUNTIFULNESS, boo',i-t^-ful- 
ith. f. The quality of being boun- 
tiful, generofity. 

BOUNl'lHEAD, bou'n-ty hed. 1 

BOUNTYHOOD, b6u'n-t> -hud. J 
f. Goodnefs, virtue. 

BOUNTY, bou'n-ty. f. Genero- 
fity, liberality, munificence. 

To BOURGEON, bur'-jun. v. n. 
To fprout, to flioot into branches. 

BOURN, born. f. A bound, a li- 
mit; a brook, a torrent. 

To BOUSE, bo'ze. v. n. To drink 

ECUcjY, bo'-zy, a. Drunken. 

tiOUT, bou't. f. A turn, as much 

of an a*Sion as is performed at one 

To BOW, bow'. V. a. To bend, or 
infleiR ; to bend the body in token 
of refpeft or fubrniiiion ; to bend, 
or incline, in condefcenfion ; to 
deprefs, to crulh. 

To BOW, bow'. V. n. To bend, to 
fufl^er flexure ; to make a re\'e- 
rence ; to ilcop ; to fink under 

BOW, bow', f. An aft of reverence 
or fubmifiion. 

BOW, bo', f. An inftrument of 
war ; a rainbow ; the inllruments 
with which ftring-inflruments are 
played upon ; the doubling of a 
ftring in' a flip knot; Bow of a 
fliip, that part of her which begins 
at the loof, and ends at the ftern- 
moft pans of the forecaftle. 

BOW-BENT, Lo-bent. a. Crook- 

BOW-HAND, bo'-hind. f. The 
hand that draws the bow. 

BOW-LEGGED, bo'-lcgd. a. Hav- 
ing crooked legs. 

BOW-SHOT, bi'-fhot. f. The fpace 
which an arrow may pafs in its 
flight from a bow. 

BOWELS, bow'-ils. f. Inteftines, 
the vefiels and organs within the 
body ; the inner parts of any thing ; 
tenderneff, compafiion. 

BOWER, bow'-ur. f. An arbour ; 
it feems to fignify, jn Spenfer, a 
blow, a ftroke. 

To BOWER, how' ur. v. a. To in- 
clofc, as in a bower. Little ufcd. 
The verb E.MBOWER is more pro- 

BOWER, bow'-ur. f. Anchor fo 

BOWERY, bow'-ur-ry. a. Full of 

To BOWGE. See To Bouge. 

BOWL, bo'l. f. A vellel to hold 
liquids ; the hollow part of any 
thing; a bafin, or fountain. 

BOWL, bo'l. f. Round mafs rolled 
along the ground. 

To BOWL, bo'l. V. a. To play 
at bowls ; to throw bowls at any 

BOWLER, bo'-lur. f. He that plays 
at bowls. 

BOWLINE, bow'-h'n. f. A rope 
faftened to the middle part of the 
outfide of a fail. 

BOWLING-GREEN, to'-ling-gr^n. 
f. A level piece of ground, kept 
fmooth for bowlers. 

BOWA'IAN, f. An archer. 

BOWSPRIT, bo'-fprit. f. Boltfprit, 
which fee. 





BOWSTRING, lii'.ftrlng. f. The 
flring by which the bow is kept 

EOAVKR, ba'-y6r. f. An archer; 
one uhofe trade is to maite bows. 

BOX, boki'. f. A t.'ce; the wood 
of the tree. 

BOX, boks'. f. A cafe made of 
wood, or other matter, to hold 
any thing ; the cafe of the mari- 
ners compafs ; the cheft into which 
money given is'put ; feat in the 

To BO.X, bAki'. V. a. To inclofe 
in a box. 

BOX, boks'. f. A blow on the head 
given witii the hand. 

To BOX, buks'. V. n. Tofightwith 
the fift. 

BOXEN, bok'fn. a. Made of box, 
refembling box. 

BOXER, buks'-ur. f. A man who 
fights with his fills. 

BOY, boy', f. A male child, not a 
girl ; one in the ftate of adolef- 
cence ; older than an infant; 
a word of contempt for young 

To BOY, boy'. V. n. To aft like a 

BOYHOOD, hoy'-hud. f. The ftate 
of a boy. 

BOYISH, boy'-ilh. a. Belonging 
to a boy ; childilb, triiling. 

BOYISHLY, boy'-l(h-ly. ad. Child- 
ifhly, triflingly. 

BOYISHNESS, boy'-ifh-nis.f.Child- 
ilbnefs, triflingnefs. 

BOYISM, boy'-Jzm. f. Puerility, 

BRABBLE, brab'l. f. A clamorous 

To BRABBLE, brib'l.v.n. To con- 
tell noifily. 

BRABBLER, brAb'-Iur. f. A cla- 
morous noify fellow. 

To BRACE, br^'fe. v. a. To bind, 
to tie clofe with bandages ; to ftrain 

BRACE, bra fe. f. Cinfture, band- 
age ; that which holds anything 
tight ; Braces of a coach, thick 
ftraps of leather on which it hangs ; 
Braces in printing, a crooked line 
inclofing a pafTage, as in a triplet ; 
tenfion, tightnefs. 

BRACE, bri'fe. f. A pair, a 

BRACELET, brjs'-llt. f. An or- 
nament for the arms. 

BRACER, bra-fur. f. A cinfture, 
a bandage. 

BRACH, brit'fh. f, A bitch hound. 

BRACHIAL, brik'-yal. a. Belong- 
ing to the arm. 

BR.ACHYGRAPHY, bri-kl^'-grA- 
fy. f. The art or praftice of writ- 
ing in a ihort compafs. 

BRACK, brak'. f. A breach. 

BRACKET, brAk'-kJt. f. A piece 
of wood fixed for the fupport of 

BRACKISH, brak'-i!h. a. Salt, 
fomething fait. 

BRACKISHNESS, br^ik'-llh-nis. f. 

BRAD, brad', f. A fort of nail to 
floor rooms with. 

To BRAG, brig', v. n. To boaft, 
to difplay o'tentatioufly. 

BRAG, brag', f. A bo^il, a proud 
exprcflion ; the thing boalled. 

BRAGGADOCIO, brAg-g,-\-d6'-n.6. 
f. A puffing, boailing feHow. 

BRAGGARDISM, brag'-gir-clzm. 
f. Boallfulnefs ; vain oltentation. 

BRAGGART, brag'-gart. a. Boaft- 
fu), vainly oftentatious. 

BRAGGART, brag'-gart. f. A 

BRAGGER, brag'-gur, f. A boall- 

BRAGLESS, brag'-lis. a. Without 
a boall. 

BRAGLY, brag'-ly. ad. Finely. 
Little ufed. 

To BRAID, bra'd. v. a. To \veave 

BRAID, bra'd. f. A texture, a knot. 

BRAILS, bra'lz. f. Small ropes 
reeved through blocks. 

BRAIN, bra'n. f. That colleftion <if 
vefl'!;ls and organs in the, from 
which fenfe and motion arife ; the 

To BRAJN, bja'n. v. a. To kill 
by beating out the brain. 

BR41MbH, bra'n-ifb. a. Hothead- 
ed, furious. 

BRAINLESS, bran-lis. a. Silly. 

BRAINPAN, bra'n-pan. f. The ikull 
containing the br.'>;ns. 

BRANSICK, bian-sik. a. Addle- 
headed, giddy. 

BR.AINSICKLY, bra'n-sik-ly. ad. 
Weakly, hcadily. 

ERAINSICKNI.SS, brA'n-ilk-nis. f. 
Indilcretion, ^iddinefs. 

BRAKE, brak. The preterite of 

BRAKE, bri'k. f. Fern, brambles. 

BRAKE, brak. f. An inllrument 
for dreffing hemp or Hax ; the 
handle of a fhip's pump ; a baker's 
kneading trough. 

BRAKY, bra'-ky.a. Thorny, prii.k- 
ly, rough. 

BRAiWBLE, bram'bl. f. Black- 
berry bufh, dewberry bulli, rafp- 
berry bulli ; any rough prickly Hirub. 

ERAMELING, brim'-bh'ng. f. A bird 
called blfo a mountain ciia.*!inch. 

BRAN. bran', f. The hufks of corn 

BRANCH, brantth'. f. Thefliootof 
a tree from one of the main 
boughs; any diliant article; any 
part that Ih.jots out from the reft ; 
a fmallcr river running into a 
larger; any part of a family de- 
fending in a collateral line; the 
offspring, thedefccndant ; the ant- 
lers or Ihoots of a ftag's horn. 

To BRANCH, b.intfh'. v. n. To 
fpread in branches ; to fpread into 
fepar.ite parts ; to fpeak diifulive- 
ly ; to have horns {hooting out. 

To BRANCH, brantlh'. v.' a. To 
divide as into branches; to adorn 
with needlework. 

BRANCHER, brant'-Jhur. f. One 
that (hoots out into branches ; in 
falconry, a young hawk. . 

BRANCHINESS, bran'-tfliy-nis. f, 
F'uUnefs of branches. 

BRANCHLESS, brint(h'-lis. a. 
Without llioots or boughs ; naked. 

BRANCHY, brAnt'-(hy. a. Full of 
branches fpreading. 

BRAND, brand', f. A ftick light- 
ed, or fit to be lighted ; a fword ; 
a thunderbolt ; a mark made by 
burning with a hot iron. 

To BRAND, brand', v. a. To 
mark with a note of infamy. 

BRANDGOOSE, brand'-gos. f. A 
kind of wild fowl. 

To BRANDISH, brin'-dlOi. v. a. 
To wave or Ihake; to play with, 
to flourilh. 

BRANDLING, brand'-ling. f. A 
particular worm. 

BRANDY, biin'-d)"-. f. A Hrong 
liquor dillilled from wine. 

BRANDY- WINK, bran'-dy-wi'ne. 
f. The fame as brandy. 

BR ANGLE, bring!, f. Squabble, 

To Bk.'\NGLE, brang'l. v. n. To 
wrangle, to fquaoble. 

BRANGLEMKNT, brang'l-mcnt. 
f. The fame with Br.ancle. 

BRANK, buink'. f. Buckwheat. 

BR.VKNY, bran'-ny. a. Having -q 
the appearance of bran, 

BRASEN. bia'zn. See Brazen. 

bRA^JER, bra'-zhi'ir. f. A inanil- 
faduicr that works in brafs. 

BRASIER, bra-zhi'r. f. A pan to 
hold coals. 

BRASIL, or BRAZIL, bra-zel. f. 
,\n American wood, commonly 
fuppofed to have been thus deno- 
minated, bccaufe firll brought from 





ERA'SS, bras', f. A yellow metal,' 
made by mixing copper with lapis 
caiaminaris ; impudence. 

BRASSINESS, bras'-sy-rJs. f. An 
appearance like brafs. 

BRASSY, brab'-sy. a. Partaking of 
brafs; bard as brafs ; impudent. 

BRAT, biit'. f. A child, fo called 
in contempt; the progeny, the oft- 

BRAVADO, bri-va-do. f. Aboaft, 
a brag. 

BRAVE, brave, a. Courageous, 
darir.g, bold ; gallant, having a 
roble mien ; magnificent, grand ; 
excellent, noble. ^ 

BRAVE, brave, f. A heftor, a 
man daring beyond prudence or 
fitnefs ; a boaft, a challenge. 

To BRAVE, bra've. v. a. To defy, 
to challenge ; to carry a boalUng 

BRAVELY, bra've-l)'-. ad. In a 
brave manner, courageoufly, gal- 

BRAVERY, bra'-vo-ry'. f. Cou- 
rage, magnanimity ; fplendour, 
magnificence; Ihow, oftentation ; 
bravado, boaft. 

BRAVO, bra'-v6. f. A man who 
murders for hire. 

To BRAWL, bral. v.n. To quar- 
rel noifily and indecently ; to fpeak 
loud and indecently; to make a 

BRAWL, bral. f. Quarrel, noife, 

BRAWLER, bra-lur. f. A wrang- 

BRAWN, bra'n. f. The flelhy or 
mufculous part of the body ; the 
arm, fo called from its being muf- 
culous ; bulk, mufcular llrength ; 
the fleih of a boar ; a boar. 

BRAWNER, bru'-nur. f. A boar 
killed for the table. 

BRAWNINESS, bra-ny-nes. f. 
Strength, hardnefs. 

BRAWNY, bra-ny. a. Mufculous, 
flefhy, bulky. 

To BRAY, br:V. v. a. To pound, 
or grind fmall. 

To BR.4Y, bra . v. n. To make a 
noife, as an afs ; to make an of- 
fenfive noife. 

BRAY, bra. f. Noife, found. 

BRAYER, bra-ur. f. One that 
brays like an afs; with printers, 
an inftrument to temper the 

To BRAZE, bra'ze. v. a. To fol- 
der with brafs ; to harden to im- 

BRAZEN, bra'zn. a. Made of brafs ; 
proceeding from brafs ; impudent. 

To BRAZEN, bri'za. v.n. To be 
impudent, to bully. 

ERAZENFACE, bra'zn-fafe. f. An 
impudent wretch. 

BRAZENFACED, bru'zn-faft. a. 
Impudent, Ihamelefs. 

BRAZENESS, brazn-nls. f. Ap- 
pearing like brafs ; impudence. 

BRAZIER, bra -2; ur. f. See Bra- 


BREACH, bre'tili. f. The aa 
of breaking any thing ; the (late 
of being broken ; a gap in a forti- 
fication made by a battery ; the 
violation of a law or contract ; dif- 
ference, quarrel ; infradion, in- 

BREAD, bred', f. Food made of 
ground corn ; food in general ; 
fupport of life at large. 

BREAD-CHIPPER, bred'-tftu'p ur. 
f. A baker's fervant. 

BREAD-CORN, bred'-korn. f. Corn 
of which bread is made. 

BREADTH, bred'ch. f. The mea- 
fure of any plain fuperficies from 
fide to fide. 

To BREAK, bre'k. v. a. To burfl 
or open by force ; to divide ; to 
deftroy by violence ; to overcome, 
to furmount; to batter, to make 
breaches or gaps in ; to crufli or 
dellroy the ftrength of the body ; 
to fink or appal the fpirit ; to fub- 
due ; to crulb, to difable, to inca- 
pacitate ; to weaken the mind ; to 
tame, to train to obedience ; to 
make bankrupt ; to crack the (kin ; 
to violate a contraft or promife ; 
to infringe a law ; to intercept, to 
hinder the efteft of; to interrupt ; 
to feparate company; to difiblve 
any union ; to open "fomething 
new ; To break the back, to dif- 
able one's fortune ; To break 
ground, to open trenches ; To 
break the heart, to deftroy with 
grief; To break the neck, to lux, 
or put out the neck joints; To 
break off, to put a fud !en ftop ; 
To break up, to diflblve ; To 
break up. to fepar.ite or difband ; 
To break upon the wheel, to pu- 
nifh by ftretching a criminal upon 
the wheel, nnJ breaking his bones 
with bats ; To break wind, to give 

■ vent to wind in the body. 

To BREAK, brck. v. n. To part 
in two; to bilrft by dalhing, as 
waves on a rock; to open and dif- 
charge matter ; to open, as the 
morning ; to burll forth, to ex- 
claim ; to become bankrupt ; to 
decline in health and ftrength ; to 
make way with fome kind cffudden- 

tiefs ; to come to an explaiir.tion ; 
To fall out, to be friends no longer ; 
to difcard ; To break from, to fe- 
parate iVom with feme vehemence ; 
To break in, to enter unexpeftcd- 
ly ; To break loofe, to efcape from 
captivity ; To break ofi^, to defifl 
fuddenly ; To break oft' from, to 
part from with violence ; To break 
out, to difcover itfelf in fudden ef- 
feds ; To break out, to have erup- 
tions from the body; To break 
out, to become diflblute ; To 
break up, to ceafe, to intermit ; 
To break up, to diflblve itfelf; 
To break up, to begin holidays; 
To break with, to part friendfliip 
with any. 

BREAK, bte'k. f. State of being 
broken, opening; a paufe, an in- 
terruption ; a line drawn, noting 
that the fenfe is fufpended. 

BREAKER, bre'-kijr. f. He that 
breaks any thing ; a wave broken 
by rocks or fandbanks. 

To BREAKFAST, brek'-fAft. v. n. 
To cat the firft meal in the day. 

BREAKFAST, brek'-faft. f. The 
firll meal in the day; the thing 
eaten at the firft meal ; a meal in 

BREAKNECK, bre'k-nek. f. A 
Ileep place endangering the neck. 

BREAKPROMISE, bre'k-prom-is. 
f. One that makes a pradlice of 
breaking his promife. 

BREAKVOW, bre'k-vow. f. He 
that pradifes the breach of vows. 

BREAM, bre'm. f. The name of a 

BRE.-\ST, brelV. f. The middle 
part of the human body, between 
the neck and the belly ; the dugs 
or teats of women which contain 
the milk ; the part of a beall that 
is under the neck, between the 
forelegs; the heart; the confci- 
ence ; the pafiions. 

To BREAST, brell'. v. a. To meet 
in front. 

B.HEASTBONE, breil'-bo'ne, f. The 
bone of the breaft, the llernum. 

BREASTHIGH. brk'-hy'. a. Up 
to the breaft. 

BREASTHOOKS, breft'-hoks. f. 
With (hipwrights, the compafiing 
timbers before, that h.elp toftrength- 
en the ftera, and all the forepart 
of the ftiip. 

BREASTKNOT, brcfl'-not. f. A 
knot or bunch of ribbands worn by 
the women on the breaft. 

BREASTPLATE, breiV-plate. f. 
Armour for the breaft. 

BREASTPLQUGH, braft'-plow. f. 
K A plough 




A plough ufed for paring turf, 
driven bv the hreaft. 
BREASIAVORK, brc(l'-w4rk. f. 
Worlcs thrown up as high as the 
bread of the defendants. 
BREATH, breih'. f. The air drawn 
in and ejeifled out of the body ; life ; 
refpiration ; refpite, paufe, relax- 
ation ; breeze, moving air; a fingle 
aS, an infiant. 
BREATHABLE, brc'th-ibl. a. 
Which may be breathed ; as, 
breathable air. 
To BREATHE, brc'th. v. n. To 
draw in and throw out the air by 
the lungs ; to live ; to reft ; to take 
breath; to injed by breathing ; to 
ejeft by breathing ; to exercife ; 
to move or aduate by breath ; to 
utter privately ; to give air or vent 
BREA'IHER, br^'-thur. f. One 

that breathes, or lives. 
BREATHING, brc'-thlng. f. Af- 
piration, fccret prayer ; breathing 
place, vent. 
BREATHLEbS, brith'-Hs. a. Out 
of breath, fpent with labour ; 
BRED, bred'. Part. pafT from To 

BREDE, brS'd. f. See Braid. 
BREECH, britfli'. f. The lower 
part of the body ; breeches ; the 
hinder part of a piece of ordnance. 
To L'REECH, biitni'. v. a. To 
put into breeches ; to fit any thing 
with a breech, a, to breech a gun. 
BREECHES, brii'-tlhlz. f. 'llie 
garment worn by men over the 
lower part of tlie body ; to wear 
the breeches, is, in a wife, to 
ufurp the authority of the htlfband. 
To BREED, brc'J. v. a. To pro- 
create, to generate; to occafion, 
to caufe, to produce; to contrive, 
to hatch, to plot ; to produce from 
one's felf; to give birth to; to 
educate, to qualify by education ; 
to bring up, to take care of. 
To BREED, biO'd. v. n. To bring 
young ; to iiicreafc by new pro- 
duftion ; to be produced, to have 
birth ; to raife a breed. 
BREED, bri'd. f. A call, a kind, 
a fubdivifion of fpecies ; progeny, 
offspring; a number produced at 
once, a hatch. 
BREEDBATE, brc'd-hltc f. One 

that breeds quarrels. 
BREEDER, bre'-dur. f. That which 
produces any thing ; the perfon 
which biing5 up another; a ftm.ilc 
thai is prolifick ; one that takes 
citrc 10 raile a breed. 

BREEDING, brt"-d{ng. f. Edu- 
cation, inftruftions ; qualifications; 
manners, knowledge of ceremony ; 
BREEZE, br^'z. f. A Hinging 

BREEZE, brcV.. f. A gentle gale. 
BREEZY, bre'-zy. a. Panned 

with gales. 
BKEr, biei'. f. A fi(h ofthe turbot 

BRETHREN, breth'-rcn. f. The 

plural of Brothe R. 
BREVIARY, bre'-vya-r)'-. f. An 
abridgment, an epitome ; the 
book contriining the daily fcrvice 
of the church of Rome. 
BREVIAT, bre'-vy:\t. f. A fliort 

BREVIATURE, bre'-vyiture. f. 

An abbreviation. 
BREVITY, brev'-I-ty. f. Concife- 

neff, Ihortnefs. 
To BREW, bro. v. a. To make 
liquors by mixing fcveral ingre- 
dients ; to prepare by mixing 
things together ; to contrive, to 
To BREW, bro'. V. n. To perform 

the office of a brewer. 
BREWAGE, bio'-ldzh. f. Mixture 

of various things. 
BREWER, bi6'-ur. f. A man whofe 

profciTion it is to make beer. 
BREWKOUSE, bro'-houfe. f. A 

houfe sporoptiated to brewing. 
BREWING, bio'-fng. f. Quantity 

of liqunr brewed. 
BKEWLS, bro' is. f. A piece of 
bread fo:iked in boiling fat pottage, 
made of falted meat. 
I'RL'iR, bji' ur. f. See Brier. 
BRIBE, bri'be. f. .A reward given 

to pervert the judgment. 
To BRIBE, bri'be. v. a. To give 

BRIBER, bri'-Lur. f. One that pays 

for corrupt practices. 
BRIBERY, bri'-bc-r^. f. The crime 
of taking rewards for bad prac- 
BRICK, brlk'. f. A mafs of burnt 

clay ; a loaf Ihaped like a brick. 
To BRICK, btik'. V. a. To lay 

with bricks. 
BRICKBAT, bilk'-bat. f. A piece 

of brick. 
BRICKCLAY, bilk'-klii. f. Clay 

ufed for making brick. 
BRICKDUST, biik'-dAft. f. Dull 

made by pounding bricks. 
liRICK-EARTH, brik'-erth'. f. 

Earth ufed in making brick. 
BRICK-KILN, brik'-kll. f. A 
kiln, a place to burn bricks in. 

BRICKLAYER, brik'-ia Sr. f. A 

ERICKMAKER, brlk'-mi-kur. f. 
One whofe trade is to make bricks. 
BRIDAL, brl'-dal. a. Belonging to 

a wedding, nuptial. 
BRIDE, farl'de. f. A woman new 

BRIDEBED, brl'de-bed. f. Mar- 
BRIDECAKE, brJ'de-kike. f. A 
cake dillributed to the guefts at the 
BRIDEGROOM, bri'de-grom. f. A 

new married man. 
BRJDEMEN, brl'de-men. ) ^ 

BRIDEMAIDS, bri'de-madz. J * 
The attendants on the bride and 
BRIDESTAKE, brl'de-ftake. f. A 
poll fet in the ground, to dance 
BRIDEWELL, bri'de-wel. f. A 

houfe of correflion. 
BRIDGE, brldzh'. f. A building 
raifed over water for the conve- 
nience of pafl'age; the upper part 
ofthe nofe ; the fupporter of the 
firings in ftringed inllruments of 
To BRIDGE, bridzh'. v. a. To 

raife a bridge over any place. 
BRIDLE, bri'dl. f. 'I he headftall 
and rein> by which a horfe is re- 
ftrained and governed ; a reltraint, 
a curb, a check. 
To BRIDLE, bri'dl. v. a. To 
guide by a bridle; to refirain, to 
To BRIDLE, bri'dl. v. n. To hold 

up the head. 
BRIDLEHAND. bii'dl-hdnd. f. The 
hand which holds the bridle in 
BRIEE", bre'f. a. Short, concife ; 

contraftcd, narrow. 
BRIEF, bre'f. f. A fhort extraft, 
or epitome ; the writing given the 
pleaders, containing tlie cafe ; let- 
ters p.itent, giving licence to a 
charit.Tble colledion ; in mufick, 
a me.ilure &f quantity, which con- 
tains two ftrokcs down in beating, 
time, and as many up. 
HRIEFLY, brcT-ly. ad. Concife- 

ly ; in few words. 
BRIEFNESS, bte'f-nls. f. Concifa- 

nefs, (liortncfs. 
BRIER, brl' iir. f. A plant. 
BRIERY, bri'-c-i^ a. Rough, full 

of briers. 
BRIG, bilg'. f. A fhip with two 

BRIGADE, bri-g.Vde. f. A divi- 
fionof forcts, a body of men. 





BRIGADIER General, brlg-a-de'r. 
f. An officer, next in order be- 
low a major ger.ernl. 

BRIGANDINE, b.-iZ-an-dlne. } . 

BRIGANJINE, bjig'-dn-tine. ( '• 
A light veflel, fuch as has been 
formerly ufed by corfairs or pi- 
rates ; a coat of mail, 

BRIGHT, bri't. a. Shining, glit- 
tering, full of light; clear, evi- 
dent ; ilhiftrious, as, a bright 
reign ; witty, acute, as, a bright 

To BRIGHTEN, brl'tn. v. a. To 
make bright, to make to fhine ; 
to make luminous by light from 
without ; to make gay or alert/; to 
make illuftrious ; to make acute. 

To BRIGHTEN, bii'tn. v. n. To 
grow brij'ht, to clear up. 

BRIGHl'LY, brit-l>'-. ad. Splen- 
didly, with luftre. 

BRIGHTNESS, brl't-nls. f. Luftre, 
fplendour ; acutenefs. 

BRILLIANCY, brfl'-lyan-fy, f. 
Lultre, fplendour. 

BRILLIANT, bril'-lyaat. a. Shin- 
ing, fparkiing. 

BRILLIANT, brli'-lyant. f. A dia- 
mond of the fineft cut. 

BRILLIANTNESS, brll'-lyant-nis. 
f Splendour, luftre. 

BRIM, brim', f The edge of any 
thing ; the upper edge of any vef- 
fel ; the top of any liquor; the 
bank of a fountain. 

To BRIM, brim', v. a. To fill to 
the top. 

To BRIM, brim', v. n. To be full 
to the brim. 

BRIMFUL, brim'-ful'. a. Full to 
the top. 

BRIMFULXESS, brim'-ful'-nis. f. 
Fulnefs to the top. 

BRIMMER, bn'm'-mur. f. A bowl 
full to the top. 

BRIMSTONE, brim'-flone. f. Sul- 

BRIMSTONV, brim'-fto-ny. a. Full 
of brimftone. 

BRINDED, brin'-dld. a. Streaked, 

BRINDLE, brind'l. f. The ftate of 
being brinded. 

BRINDLED, brlnd'ld. a. Brinded, 

BRINE, bti'ne. f. Water impreg- 
nated with fait ; the fea ; tears. 

BRINEPIT. bri'ne-plt. f. Pit of 
fait water. 

To BRING, bang', v. a. To fetch 
from another plsce ; to convey in 
one's own hand, not to fend; to 
caufe to come ; iq attrad, to draw 
along; to put into any particular 

ftate ; to condudl ; to induce, to 
prevail upon ; To bring about, to 
bring to pafs, to effeft ; To bring 
forth, to give birth to, to produce; 
To bring in, to reclaim; To bring 
in, to afford gain ; To bring off, 
to clear, to procure to be acquit- 
ted ; To bring on, to engage in 
aftion ; To bring over, to draw to 
a new party ; To bring out, to ex- 
hibit, to (hew ; To bring under, 
to fubdue, toreprefs; To bring up, 
to educate, to inftruifl; To bring 
up, to bring into practice. 

BRINGER, b.liig'-iir. f. The per- 
f n that brings any thing. 

BRINISH, brl'-nllh. a. Having the 
tafte of brine, fatt. 

CRINISHNESS, bii'-nifti-nis. f. 

BRINK, brink', f. The edge of any 
place, as cf a precipice or a river. 

BRINY, bri'-r,y. a. Salt. 

BRIONY. See Bryony. 

BRISK, brifk'. a. Lively, vivaci- 
ous, gay ; powerful, fpirituous ; 
vivid, bright. 

BRISKET, biis'-kit. f. The brealt 
of an animal. 

BRISKLY, bflik'-ly. ad. Aaively, 

BRISKNESS, brlflc'-ni's. f. Liveli- 
nefs, vigour, quicknefs, gayety. 

BRISTLE, bris'l. f. The ftiff hair 
of fwine. 

To BRISTLE, bris'l. v. a. To ered 
in briftles. 

To BRISTLE, brh'I. v. n. To ftand 
ereft as briftles. 

BRISTLY, bris'-ly. a. Thick fet 
with briftles. 

BRISTOL STONE, bris'-to-ftone. 
f. A kind of foft diamond found 
in a rock near the city of Brif- 

BRIT, brit'. f. The name of a fifti. 

BRITTLE, brit'J. a. Fragile, apt 
to break. 

BRITTLENESS, brit'1-nis. f. Apt- 
nefs to break. 

BRIZE, bri'ze. f. The gadfly. 

BROACH, bro tfti. f. A fpit. 
Fo BROACH, bro'tfh. v. a. To 
fpit, to pierce as with a fpit ; to 
pierce a veffel in order to draw the 
liquor; to open any ftore ; to give 
out, or utter any thing. 

BROACHER, br6'-t(hur. f. A fpit; 
an opener, or utterer of anything. 

BROAD, bri'd. a. Wide, extend- 
ed in breadth ; large ; clear, open ; 
grofs, coarfe ; obfcene, fulfome ; 
bold, not delicate, not rcferved. 

BROAD CLO FH, brad'-doth. f. A 
fine- kind of doth. 

To BROADEN, bra'dn. v. n. To 
grow broad. 

BROAD-EYED, bri'd-i'Je. a. Hav- 
ing a wide fL-rvev. 

BRO.^D-LEAVED, bri'd-?e'vd. a. 
Having broad leaves. 

BROADLY, biid-ly. ad. In a 
broad manner. 

BROADNESS, bri'd-nis.f. Breadth, 
extent from fide to fide ; coarfe- 
nefs, fulfomcnfs. 

fluVI-dird. a. Having a large 
fpace between the fhoulders. 

BROADSIDE, bra'd-side. f. The 
fide of a fliip ; the volley of fiiot 
fired at once from the fide of a 

BROADSWORD, bra'J-f6rd. f. A 
cutting fword, with a broad blade. 

BROAD^^'ISE, brad-wlze. ad. Ac- 
cording to the diredion of the 

BROCADE, bro-ki'de. f. Afilken 
ftuff variegated. 

BROCADED, bio'-ka'-dld. a. Preft 
in brocade ; woven in the manner 
of brocade. 

BROCAGE, br6'-kfdzh. f. The 
gain gotten hy promoting bargains; 
the hire given for any unlawful of- 
fice ; the trade of dealing in old 

BROCCOLI, brAk'-k6-l^. f. Afpe 
cies of cabbage. 

BROCK, brok'. f. A badger. 

BROCKET, brok'-kit. f. A led 
deer, two years old. 

BROGUE, brO'g. f. A kind of 
ihoe ; a corrupt dialeft. 

To BROIDER, broi'-dur. v. a. Ta 
adorn with figures of needle-work. 

BROIDERY, broi'-de-rj''. f. Em- 
broidery, flower-work. 

BROIL, broi'l. f. A tumult, a quar- 

To BROIL, broi'l v. a To drefs 
or cook by laying on the coals. 

To BROIL, broi'l. v. n. To be in 
the heat. 

To BROKE, bro'ke. v. n. To con- 
traft bufinefs for others. 

BROKEN, brC'kn. Part. paff. of 

BROKEN-HEARTED, bro'kn-ha'r- 
tid. a. Having the fpirits cruftied 
bv grief or fear. 

BROKENLY, br6'kn-l>'-. ad. With- 
out any regular leries. 

BROKEN-MEAl', br6'kn-me't. f. 
Fragments of m'-at from the table. 

BROKER, bfiV-kiir. f. A faftor, 
on that does bulinefs for another ; 
one who deals in old houfehold 
goods ; a pimp, a match maker. 





BROKERAGE, br6'-kur-idzh. f. The 

pay or reward of a broker. 
BRONCHOCELE, bron'-ko-kil. f. 
A tumour of that part of the afpe- 
ria arteria, called the Bronchos. 
BRONCHIAL, bron'-kyal. 7 a. Be- 
BRONCHICK, bron'-klk. J long- 
ing to the throat. 
BRONCHOTOMY, bron-kot'-to. 
my. f. That operation which opens 
the windpipe by incifion, to pre- 
vent fuffocation. 
BRONZE, bro'nze. f. Brafs ; a 

BROOCH, br(Yt(h. f. A jewel, an 

ornament of jewels. 
To BROOCH, brotfh. v. a. To 

adorn with jewels. 
To BROOD, brod. V. n. To fit 
on e^es, to hatch them ; to cover 
chickens under the wing ; to watch, 
or confider any thing anxioufly; to 
mature any thin^ by care. 
To BROOD, bio'd. V. a. To che- 

rifh by care, to hatch. 
BROOD, bro'd. f. Offspring, pro- 
geny; generation; a hatch, the 
number hatched at once; the aft 
of coverine the eggs. 
BROODY, 'faro'-dy. a. In a ftate of 

fitting on the eggs. 
BROOK, bro'k. f. A running wa 

ter, a rivulet. 
To BROOK, bro'k. v. a. To bear, 

to endure. 
To BROOK, b:o'k. V. n. To en- 
dure, to be content. 
BROOKLIME, bro'k-lime. f. A 

fort of water ; an herb. 
BROOM, bro'm. f. A fhrub, a be- 
fom fo called from the matter of 
which it is made 
BROOMLAND, brom-land. f. Land 

that bears broom. 
BROOMSTAFF, bio'm-ftif. f. The 

ftpiff lo which the broom is bound. 
BROOMSTICK, brom-ftlk. f. The 

fame with Broomsiaff. 
BROOMY, bro-my. a. Full of 

BROTH, bra'li. f. Liquor in which 

fl>'lh is boiled. 
BROTHEL, brith' !!. 7 

EROTHELHOUSE, broth' 11- J- f. 

A bawdy-houfe. 
BROTHKR, briith'ur. f. One born 
of the fame father or mother ; any 
one clofely united ; any one refem 
bling another in manner, form, or 
proftDion ; Brother is ufed in theo- 
logical language, for man in gene- 
BROTHERHOOD, biuth'^r-hud. f 
The llaie or quality of bting a bio- 


ther; an aflbciation of men for any 

purpofe, a fraternity ; a clafs of 

men of the fame kind. 
BROTHERLY, bruth'-ir-ly. a. Na- 

tuial to brothers, fuch as becomes 

or befeems a brother. 
BROUGHT, br^'t. Part. paff. of 

BROW, brow', f. The arch of hair 

over the eye ; the forehead ; the 

general air of the countenance ; the 

edge of any high place. 
To BROW, brow', v. a. To limit, 

to edge. 
To BROWBEAT, brow'-bet. v. a. 

To deprefs with flern looks. 
BROWBOUND, . brow'-bound. a. 

BROWSICK, brow'-sik. a, Dejeft- 

BROWN, brow'n. a. The name of 

a colour. 
BROWNISH, brow'n-ilh. a. Some- 
what brown. 
BROWNBILL, brow'n-bil. f. The 

ancient weapon of the Englifh 

BROVv'NNESS, brow'n-nis. f. A 

brown colour, 
BROWNSTUDY, brow'n-(lid'-f. f. 

Gloomy meditations. 
To BROWSE, brow'ze. v. a. To 

eat branches, or (hrubs. 
To CRUISE, br6'ze. v. a. To crulh 

or mangle with a heavy blow. 
BRUISE, bro'ze. f A hurt with 

fomething blunt and heavy. 
BRUISE WORT, brcVze-wiirt. f. 

BRUIT, bro't. f. Rumour, noife, 

To BRUIT, bro't. v. a. To noife 

abroad ; to fpread rumours. 
BRUM.AL, bro'-mal. a. Belonging 

to the winter. 
BRUNETT, bto-net'. f. A woman 

with a blown complexion. 
BRUNT, briint'. f. Shock, vio- 
lence; blow, flroke. 
BRUSH, biiifli'. f. An inftrument 

for rubbing ; a rude afl'ault, a 

'To IJIWSH, bn'ilh'. v. a. To fweep 

or rub with a brufh ; to llrike 

with quicknefs ; to paint with a 

To BRUSH, brufii'. V. n. To move 

with halle; to fly over, to flcim 
BRUSHER, biLilb'-i'ir. f. He that 

ufes a brurti. 
BRUSHWOOD, briilli'-wiid. f. 

Rough, IhruLiby thickets. 
BRUl^HY, bi{i(li'-y. a. Rough or 
fliaggy, like a brulh. 

To BRUSTLE, brus'l. v. n. To 

BRUTAL, bro -tal. a. That which 

belongs to a brute; favage, cruel, 

BRUTALITY, bro-til'-i-ty. f. Sa- 

vagenefs, churlifhnefs. 
To BRUTALIZE, bro-ta-llze. v. n. 

To grow brutal or favage. . 

BRUTALLY, bro'-tal-l^-. ad. Chur- M 

liflilv, inhumanly. " 

BRUTE, bro't. a. Senfelefs, un- '' 

confcious ; favage, irrational ; 

rough, ferocious. 
BRUTE, bro't. f. A creature with- 
out reafon. 
BRUTENESS, bro't-nis. f. Bru- 
ToBRUriFY, br6'.ti'-fy. v. 3. To 

make a man a brute. 
BRUTISH, b.o-tllh. a. Beftia!, 

refembling a beafl; rough, favage, 

ferocious ; grofs, carnal ; ignorant, 

BRUTISHtY, bro-tilh-Iy. ad. Irt 

the manner of a brute. 
BRUTISHNESS, bro'-tllli-nls. f. 

Brutality, favagenefs. 
BRYONY, brf-5-ny. f. A plant. 
BUB, bub', f. Strong malt liquor. 
BUBBLE, bub'l. f. A fmall blad- 
der of water ; any thing which 

wants folidity and firmnefs ; a 

cheat, a falie fhow ; the perfon 

To BUBBLE, bub'l. v. n. To rife 

in bubbles ; to run with a gentle 

To BUBBLE, bi'ib'l. v. a. To 

BUBBLER, bub'-bli'ir. f. A chear. 
BUBBY, bub'-by. f. A woman's 

BUBO, bu'-bu. f. The groin from 

the bending of the thigh to the 

fcrotum : all tumours in that part 

are called Buboes. 
BUBUKLE, bii'-bukl. f. A red 

BUCANIERS, buk-a-nc'rz. f. A 

cant word for the privateers, or pi- 
rates, of America. 
BUCK, bilk', f. The liquor in ; 

which cloaths are wafiied ; the 

cloaths waflied in the liquor. 
BUCK, bilk', f. The male of the 

fallow deer, the male of rabbets \ 

and other animals. 
To BUCK, bilk'. V. a. To waih 

To BUCK, bilk'. V. n. To copa- 

latf as bucks and does. 
BUCKBASKET, biik'-bAf-klt. f. 

'iiie balkct in which cloaths are 

carried to the vvafh. 





BUCKBEAN, buk'-ben. f. A plant, 
a fort of trefoil. 

BUCKET, bik'-ki't. f. The veflel 
in which water is drawn out of a 
well ; the vtflels in which water is 
carried, particularly to quench a 

BUCKLE, buk'l. f. A link of me- 
tal, with a tongue or catch made 
to fatten one thing to another; the 
Ihte of the hair crifped and curl- 

To BUCKLE, buk'l. V. a. To fatt- 
en with a buckle J to confine ; to 
curl hair. 

To BUCKLE, buk'L v. n. To 
bend, to bow; To buckle to, to 
apply to ; To buckle with, to en- 
gage with. 

BUCKLER, buk'-!iir. f. A (hield. 

To BUCKLER, bvik'-lir. v. a. To 
defend ; to protect. 

EUCKMAST, buk'-mift. f. The 
fruit or mail of the beech tree. 

BUCKRAM, buk'-ium. f. A fort 
of llrong linen cloth, .lliSened with 

EUCKSHORN, buks'-horn. f. A 

BUCKTHORN, buk'-thom. f. A 

EUCKWHE.AT, buk'-hoc't. f. A 
plant ; French wheat. 

BUCOLICK, bu-kol' ik. a. Paf- 

BUD, biid'. f. The firlt fhoot of a 
plant, a germ. 

To BUD, bud'. V. n. 'J'o put forth 
young ihoots, or germs ; to be in 
the bloom. 

To BUD, biid'. V. a. To inocu- 

To BUDGE, budzh'. v. n. To 
flir. , 

BUDGE, budzh'. a. Stiff, formal. 

BUDGER, bud'-jt'ir. f. One that 
moves or ftirs. 

BUDGET, buu'-jit. r. Abagfuch 
as may be eafily cariied ; a (lore, 
or Hock. 

BUFF, bill', f. Leather prepared 
from the (kin of the buffalo, ulcJ 
for waid belts, pouches, &c. a mi- 
litary coat 

To BUFF, bt'if. V. a. To firike. 

BUFFALO, buf'-f.'i-16. f, A kind 
of wild bull or cow. 

BUFFE'F, biif'-fit. f. A blow with 
the (ill. 

EUFFlVr, buf-fet'. f. A kind of 

To BUFFET, buf-fit. v. n. To 
box, to beat. 

To BUFFET,- bia'-fk. v. n. To 
phy a boxing-match. 

BUFFETER, bi'if-fj-tfir. f, Abox- 


BUFFLE, buf'l. f. The fame with 

To BUFFLE, buf'l. v. n. To 
puzzle ; to be at a lofs. 
UFFLEHEADED, bWl-hed-Id. a. 
Dull, (lupid. 

BUFFOO.N, buf-fo'n. f. A man 
whofe profelSon is to make fport, 
by low jeds and antick poftures, a 
jrickpudding ; a man that praftifes 
indecent raillerv. 

BUFrOONRY, buf-fon-e-ry.f. The 
praftice of a buffoon ; low jells, 
fcurrile mirth. 

BUG, biig'. f. A (linking infefl, 
bred in old houfehold (luff. 

BUGBEAR, bug'-ber. f. A fright- 
ful cibjed, a falle terrour. 

BUGGl'NESS, biig'-gi-nis. f. The 
(late of being infefled with bugs. 

BUGGY, bug'-gy. a. Abounding 
with bugs. 

BUGLE, bu'gl. If. A 

BUGLEHORN, bu'gl-horn. J hunt- 
ing horn. 

BUGLE, btVgl. f. A (hining bead 
of glafs. 

BUGLE, bu'gl. f. A plant. 

BUGLOSS, bu'-glos. f. The herb 

To BUILD, bild'. V. a. To make 
a fabrick, or an edilice ; to raife 
any thing on a fupport or founda- 

To BUILD, bJld'. V. n. 'Fo depend 
on, to red on. 

BUILDER, bir-diir. f. He that 
builds, an architecl. 

BUILDING, bll'-dlng. f. A fa- 
brick, an edilice. 

BUILT, bilt'. f. The form, the 

BULB, btilb'. f. A round body, or 

BULBAC'EOUS,bul-ba'-(hu3. a. The 
fame with Bi/leous. 

BULBOUS, bul'-bus. a. Contain- 
ing bulbs. 

To BULGE, bul'je. v. n. To take 
in water, to founder ; to jut out. 

BULK, bulk'. (". Magnitude, fize, 
quantity ; the grofs, the majority ; 
main fabrick. 

BULK, bulk', f. A part of a build- 
ing jutting out. 

BULKHEAD, biilk'-hed. f. A par- 
tition made acrofs a fiiip with 

BULKINESS, biil'-ki-nis. f. Great- 
nefs of llature, or fize. 

BULKY, bt'il'-ky. a. Of gre«t fize 
or dature. 

BULL, bul'. f. The male of black 

■cattle ; in the fcriptural fenfe, an 
enemy, powerful and violent ; one 
of the twelve figns of thf zodiack ; 
a letter or mandate publifhed by the 

pope ; a blunder. 
BULLBAITING, bul'-bd-tlng. f. 

The fport of baiting bulls with 

BULL-BEEF, bul'-b^'f. f. The flefh 

of bulls ; coarfe beef. 
BULL-BEGGAR, bul'-beg-ur. L 

Something terrible. 
BULL-CALF, bul'-ka'f. f. A he- 
calf; a term of reproach applied 

to a (lupid fellow. 
BULL-DOG, bal'-dog. f. A dog 

of a particular form, remarkable 

for his courage. 
BULL-FINCH, bal'-ffntfli. f. A 

fmall finging bird. 
BULL-HEAD,- bul'-hed. f. A (lupid 

fellow ; the name of a lilli. 
BULL-TROUT, bul'-trout'. f. A 

large kind of trout. 
BULL-WEED, bul'-wed. f. Knap- 

BULL-WORT, bul'-wurt. f. Bi- 

BUL LACE, biil'-Hs. f. A wild four 

BULLET, bal'-Ht. f. A round ball 

of metal. 
BULLION, bul'-lyun. f. Gold or 

(ilver in the lump unwrooght. 
BULLl'FION, biil-liih'-un. f. The 

aft or date of boiling. 
BULLOCK, bul'-liik. f. A young 

bull. ^ ^ 

BULLY, biil'-l)'-. f. A noify, bluf- 

tering, quarrelling fellow. 
To BULLY, bi\l'-ly. V. a. To over- 

bear with noife and threats. 
To BULLY, bal'-l>''. v. n. To be 

noify and quarrellome. 
BULRUSH, bui'-riilli. f. A largs 

BULWARK, biil'-wtirk. f. A for- 
tification, a citadel; a fecurity. 
BUi\I, bum', f. The part on which 

we fit ; it is ufed, in compofi- 

tion, for any thing mean or low, 

as bumbailifF. 
BUMBAILIFF, bum-ba'-IIf. f. A 

bailiff of the meaned kind, one 

that is employed in arreds. 
BUMCAKD, bom-bi'rd. f. Bom- 
BUMBAST, bom-baff, f. Fom- 

BUMP, bump', f. A Avelllng, a 

To BUiMP, bump', v. a. To make 

a loud noife. 
BUMPER, bi'im'-pur. f. A cup 






BUMPRFN. bump'-kfn. f. An awk- 
ward h-eavy rultick. 
EUMIKINLY, bump'-kin-Iy. a 

Havini' the manner or appearanc 

of a clown. 
BUNCH, bunt(h', f. A hard lump, 

a Icnob ; acluder; a nu^nber of 

things tied together ; any thing 

bound into a knot. 
To BUNCH, biuitOi'. V. n. To 

fwell out into a bunch. 
BUNCHBACKED, buntfh'-bakt. a. 

Ha ing bunches on the back. 
BUNCHY, bun'-tlhy. a. Growing 

inco bunches. 
BUNDLE, bun'dl. f. A number of 

things bound together ; any thing 

rolled upcylindrically. 
To BUNDLE, bAn'dl. v. a. To tie 

in a bundle. 
BUNG, biing'. f. A ftcpple for a 

To BUNG, bung'. V. a. To flop 

BUNGHOLE, bung'-hile. f. The 

hole at which the b.irrel is filled. 
To BUNGLE, bung'l. v. n. To 

perform clumdly. 
To BUNGLE, bung'l. v. a. To 

botch, to manage clumfily. 
BUNGLE, bung'l. f. A botch, an 

BUNGLER, bung'-lur. f. A bad 

BUNGLINGLY, bi'mg'-li'ng-l^. ad. 

Clumfily, awkwardly. 
BUNN, bun', f. A kind of fweet 

BUNT, bunt', f. An increafing ca- 
To BUNT, bunt', v. n. To fwell 

out, as a fail. 
BUNTER, bun'-iur. f. Any low 

vulgar woman. 
BUNIING, bim'-tlng. f. The 

name of a bird. 
BUOY, bwoy'. f. A piece of cork or 

wood floating, tied to a weight. 
To BUOY, bwoy'. v. a. To keep 

BUOYANCY, bwoy'-in-fy. f. The 

quality of floating. 
BUOYANT, bwoy'-int. a. Which 

will not fink. 
BUR, bur', f. A rough head of a 

BURBOT, bur'-but. f. A fi(h full 

of prickles. 
BURDELAIS, bur-de-la', f. A fort 

of grape. 
BURDEN, bui'-dln. f. A load ; 

fomething grievous ; a birth ; the 

verfc repeated in a fong. 
To BURDEN, biir'-dln. v. a. To 

load, to incumber. 

BURDENER. bir'-dli-ir. f. A 

lo.ui-r, ?-n oppreffbur. 

BUKDENOUb, bur'-d}n-ijs. a. Grie- 
vrni'!, oppredive ; iilelefs. 

BU.^DENSOME, bvir'-djn-lum. a. 
Grievous, troublcfome. 

fum-ni'i. f. Weight, uncafinefs. 

BURDOCK, bir'-dok. f. See 

BURE.'^U, bu-ro. f. A cheft of 

BURG, bur'.r6. f. See Burrow. 

BURGAGE, bur'-gldzh. f. A te- 
nure proper to cities and towns. 

BU^GAMOT, bu--g.\-mit'. f. A 
fpeeies of pear. 

bur'-go-nei'. f. A kind of hel- 

BURGESS, bur'-jis. f. A citizen, 
a freeman of a city ; a reprefenta- 
five of a town corporate. 

BURGH, bur'-ru. f. A corporate 
town or burrow. 

BURGHER, bur'-gur. f. One who 
has a right to certain privileges in 
this or that place. 

BURGHERSniP, bur'-gur-fhip. f. 
The privilege of a burgher. 

BURGLARY, bur'-glary. f. Rob- 
bing a houfe by night, or breaking 
in with intent to rob. 

BURGOMASTER, bui'-go-maf-tur. 
f. One employed in the govern- 
ment of a city. 

BUJUAL, ber'-yal. f. The aft of 
burying, fepulture, interment; the 
ad of placing any thing under 
earth ; the church lervicc for fune- 

BURIER, bir'-ry-iir. f. He that 

BURINE, bu-n'n. f. A graving 

BURLACE, bur'-lafe. f. A fort of 

To BURL, bur'l. v. a. To drefs 
cloth as fullers do. 

BURLESQUE, biir-leflc'. a. Jocu- 
lar, tending to raife laughter. 

BURLESQUE, bur-fcfk'. f. Ludi- 
crous language. 

To BURLESQUE, biir-lclk'. v. a. 
To turn to ridicule. 

BURLINESS, bui'-ly-nls. f. Bulk, 

BURLY, biir'-ly. a. Great of fta- 

To BURN, burn', v. a. To con- 
fume with fire ; to wound with 

To BURN, burn', v. n. To be on 
fire ; to be inflamed with paflion ; 
to aft as £re. 

BURN, bJim'. f. A hurt caufed by 

BURNER,' hlir'.fdiT. f. A perfon 
that burns any thing. 

BURNET, bur'-nlt. f. The name 
of a plant. 

BURNING, bur'-nlng. f. State of 

BURNING-GLASS, bur'-ning-glis. 
f. A glafs which collefts the rays 
of the fun into a narrow compafs, 
and fo increafes their force. 

To BURNISH, bui'-nllh. v. a. To 

To BURNISH, biir'-niHi. v. n. To 
grow bright or gloflV. 

BURNISHER, bur'-ni.h-ur. f. The 
perfon that burni'.hes or poli(hes ; 
the tool with which bookbinders 
give a glofs to the leaves of books, 
it is commonly a dog's tooth let in 
a ftick. 

BURNT, burnt'. Pare. pafl'. of 

BURR, bur', f. The lobe or lap of 
the ear. 

BURREL, bur'-ril. f. A fort of 

BURROW, bur'-ro. f. A corporate 
town, that is not a city, but fuch 
as fends burgefTes to the parlia- 
ment ; a place fenced or fortified ; 
the holes made in the ground by 

To BURROW, biir'-i6. v. n. To 
mine, as conies or rabbits. 

BURSAR, biii'-fiir. f. The treafu- 
rer of a college. 

BURSE, burs'e. f. An exchange 
where merchants meet. 

To BURST, burft'. v. n. To break, 
or fly open j to fly afunder ; to 
break away, to fpring ; to come 
fuddenly ; to begin an aftion vio- 

To BURST, bi'irfl'. v.a. To break 
fuddenly, to make a quick and 
violent difruption. 

BURST, burlV. f. A fudden difrup- 

BURST, biirlV. 1 Part. a. Dif- 

BURSTEN, burft'n.J eafed with a 
hernia or rupture. 

BURSTNESS, bi'irll'-nls. f. A rup- 

BURSTWORT, bi'irft'-wurt. f. An 
herb good againft ruptures. 

BURT, bun', f. A flat fiOi of the 
turbot kind. 

BURTHEN, biir'-dln. f. Sec Bur- 
den . 

To BURY, bir'-ry. v. a. To inter, 
to put into a grave ; to inter with 
rites and ceremonies; to conceal, 
to hide. 





BURYING-PLACE, bdr'-rf-Ing. 
plas. f. A place ?ppointed lor the 
burial of dead bodies; a church- 

BUSH, buOi'. f. A thick ftirub ; a 
bough of a tree fixed up at a door, 
to fliew that liquors are fold there. 

EUSHEL, bufh,'-il. f. A meafure 
containing einht gallons, a ftrike. 

BUSHINESS, 'bi'ifh'-y-nu. f. The 
quality of being bulhy. 

BUSHMENT, bulh'-ment. f. A 

BUSHY, buni'-y. a. Thick, full 
of fmall branches ; full of biirties. 

BUSILESS, biz'-zy-lls. a. At lei- 

BUSILY, biz'-zy-ly. ad. With hur- 
ry, aflively. 

BUSINESS, biz'-nis. f. Employ- 
ment, multiplicity of afl'airs ; an 
affair ; the fubjcft of aftion ; fe- 
rious engasemeiit ; right of aftion ; 
a matter of quelHon ; To do one's 
bufinefs, to kill, deftroy, or ruin 

BUsK, bufk'. f. A piece of fieel or 
whalebone, worn by women to 
llrengthen their Hays. 

BUSKIN, Lus'-kin. f. A kind of 
half boot, a fhoe which comes to 
the midleg ; a kind of high fhoe 
worn by the ancient adlors of tra- 

BUSKINED, bub'-klnd. a. Drefled 

. in bu&ins 

BUSKY, bus'-ky. a. Woody. 

BUSS, bus', f. A kifs, a falute 
with lips ; a boat for filTiing. 

■To BUSS, bus', V. a. To kifs. 

iBUST, biifl'. f. A ftatue reprefent- 
ing a man to his brealh 

BUoTARD, bu5'-terd. f. A wild 

To BUSTLE, bus'l. v. n. To be 
bufy, to ftir. 

BUSTLE, bui'i. f. A tumult, a 

EUSILER, bus'-lur. f. An aftive 
ftirring man 

BUSY, blz'-zy. a. Employed with 
earneilnefs ; bullling, adive, med- 

To BUSY, biz'-zy. V. a. To em- 
ploy, to engage. 

BUsYBODY, biz'-zy-bod-y. f. A 
vain, meddling, fantaftical per- 

BUT, hut', conjund. Except; yet, 
nevenhelefs ; the particle which 
introduces the minor of a fyllogifm, 
now ; only, nothing more than ; 
than ; not otherwife than; by no other 
means than ; if it were not for 
tliis ; however, howbeit j other- 

wife than ; even, not longer ago 

than ; yet it may be objedled ; but 

for, had not this been. 
BUT-END, bi'ii'-end. f. The blunt 

end of any thing. 
BUTCHER, but'-tniilr. f. One that 

kills animals to fell their fletli ; 

one that is delighted with blood. 
To BUTCHER, but'-tfhiir. v. a. 

To kill, to murder. 
BUrCHERLlNESS, biit'-tlher-lj- 

lus. f. A butcherly manner. 
BUTCHERLY, but'-tflier-ly. a. 

Bloody, barbarous. 
BUTCHERY, bi'u'-tM-r^. f. The 

trade of a butcher; murder, cruel- 
ty ; the place where blood is fhed. 
BUTLER, btu'-lur. f. A fervant 

employed in furnilbing the table. 
BUIMENT, but'-ment. f. That 

part of the arch which joins it to 

the upright pier. 
BUTT, but'. (. The place on which 

the mark to be fhot at is placed ; 

the point at which the endeavour 

is direded ; a man upon whom the 

company break their jefts. 
BUTT, btu'. f. A veflel, a barrel 

containing one hundred and twen- 

ty-fi< gallons of wine. 
To BUTT, but'. V. a. To ftrike 

wi[h the head. 
BUTTER, but'-tur. f. An undu- 

ous fubflance made by agitating 

the cream of milk, till the oil fe- 

parates from the whey. 
To BUTTER, bit'-tur. v. a. To 

fmear, or oil with butter; to in- 

creafe the itakes every throw at 

EUTIERBUMP, but'-tur-bump. f 

A fowl, the bittourii. 
BUTTERBUR, biit'-tur-bur. f. A 

BUrTERELOWER, bit'-tur flow- 

I'lr. f A yellow flower of May. 
BUTTERELY, but'.tur-fl)>. f. A 

beautifjl infcd. 
BUTTERIS, but'-te-rls. f. An in- 

llrument of ftecl ufed in paring the 

foot of a horfe. 
BUTTERMILK, bui'-tur-mJlk. f. 

The whey that is feparated from 

the cream when butt?r is msde. 
BUTTERI'RINT, but'-iur-prlnt. f. 

A piece of carved wood, ufed to 

mark butter. 
BUTTE RIOOTH, bui'-tur-toih. f. 

The great broad foretooth. 
BUTTER WOMAN, but'-tur-wiim- 

un. f. A woman that fells but- 
BUTT-ERWORT, biit'-iur-wurt. f. 

A plant, fanicle. 
BUTTERY, biit'-ter-y. a. Having 

the appearance or qualities of but- 

BUTTERY, bit'-t^r-^'. f. The 
room where provifions are laid up. 

BUTTOCK, buc'-uk. (. The rump, 
the part near the tail. 

BUTTON, but'n. f Any knob or 
ball ; the bud of a plant. 

To BUTTON, but'n. v. a. To 
drefs, to cloath j to fallen with 

BUTTONHOLE, but'n-h61e. f. The 
loop in which the button of the 
cloaths is caught. 

BUTTRESS, but'-trls. f. A prop, 
a wall built to fupport another; a 
prop, a fupport. 

To BUTTRESS, bi'ii'-trls. v. a. To 

BUXOM, buk'-fam. a. Obedient, 
obfequious ; gay, lively, brifk. ; 
wanton, jolly. 

BUXOMLY, bak'-fum-ly-. ad. Waa- 
tonly, amorouflv. 

BUXOMNESS, ' buk'-fum-nis. f. 
Wantonnefs, amoroufnefs. 

To BUY, by', v. a. To purchafe, 
to acquire by paying a price ; to 
manage by money. 

To BUY, by. V. n. To treat about 
a purchafe. 

BUYER, by'-iir. f. He that buys, 
a purchafer. 

To BUZZ, bi'i?.'. V. n. To hum, 
to make a nolle like bees ; to whif- 
oer, to prate. 

BUZZARD, buz'-zurd. f. A de- 
generate or mean fpecies of hawk ; 
a blockhead, a dunce. 

BUZZER, buz'-zur. f. A fecret 

py 5 by'- ? prep- It notes the agent ; 
' i by. 5 it notes the inflrument ; 
it rotes the Ciiufe; it notes the 
means by which any thing is per- 
formed ; at, or in, noting place; 
it notes the fum of the difference 
between two things compared ; 
not later than, noting time;, be- 
fide, noting paflage; near to, in 
prefence, noting proximity ; before 
Himfelf, it notes the abfence of all 
others; it is the folemn form of 
fwearing ; at hand ; it is ufed in 
forms of obtefting; by proxy of;, 
noting fubllitution. 

BY, by. ad. Near, at a fmall dif- 
tance ; befide, palling; in pre-- 

BY AND BY, by'-and-by'. ad. In 
a fhort time. 

BY, by', f. Something not thcdi- 
red; and immediate objeft of re- 
gard, as by the by. 

BY-COfFEEHOUSE, by'-kof'-f^. 




hous. f. A cofFeehoufe in an ob- 

fcure place. 

fern'-mcnt. f. An affair which is 

not the main bufinefs. 
BY-DEPENDENCE, by"-d^-pt^n'- 

dens. f. Something accidentally 

depending on another. 
BY-DESIGN, by'-dJ-si'ne. f. An 

incidental purpofe. 
BY-END, bj^'-cnd'. f. Private inte- 

rell, fecrec advantage. 
BY-GONE, by'-gon. a. Part. 
BY-LAW, by'-la'. f. By-laws are 

orders made for the good of thofe 

that make them, farther than the 
publick law binds. 

BY-NAME, by'-nAme. f. A nick- 

BY-PATH, by-path. f. A private 
or obfcure path. 

BY-RESPECT, bf -rcs-pekt'. f. Pri- 
vate end or view. 

BY-ROAD, by'-rod. f. An obfcure 
unfrequented road. 

BY-ROOM, by'-ro'm. f. A private 
room within. 

BY-SPEECH, by-fp^'t(h. f. An 
incidental or cafual fpeech. 

BY-STANDER, by'-ftan-dur. f. 

A looker-on, one unconcerned. 

BY-STREET, bf-ftrct. f. An ob- 
fcure llreet. 

BY-VIEW, by'-vu'. f. Private felf- 
Jnterelled purpofe. 

BY-WALK, by'-wd'k. f. Private 
walk, not the main road. 

BY-WAY, by'-wa'. f. A private 
and obfcure way. 

BY-WESl', byweft'. a. Weftward, 
to the well of. 

BY-WORD, bf-wurd. f. A Ty- 
ing, a proverb ; a term of re- 

BYZANTINE. See Bizamtine-. 





CAB, kab'. f. A Hebrew mea- 
fure, containing about three 

pints Englilh. 
CABAL, ki-bal'. f. The fecret fci- 

cnce of the Hebrew rabbins ; a body 

of men united in fome clofe defign ; 

ToCABAL, ka-bal'. v. n. To form 

clofe intrigues. 
CABALIST, kab'-a-im. f. One 

feilled in the traditions of the He- 
CAEALLISTICAL, kib-a-lis'-ti- T 

kil. {■ 

CABALLISTICK, kib-J-lIb'-tik. ) 

a. Something that has an occult 

CABALLER, ka-bil'-lur. f. He 

that engages in clofe defigns, an 

CABARET, kab'-a-rJ. f. A ta- 
CABBAGE, kab'-bidzh. f. A plant. 
To CABBAGE, kib'-blJzh. v. a. 

To (leal in cutting clothes. 
CABBAGE TREE, kib'-bldzh-tre. 

f. A fpecies of palm-tree. 
CABBAGE-WORM, kab'-bldzh- 

wiirm. f. An infcifl. 
C^AlilN, kab' -bin. f. A fmall room ; 

a fmall chamber in a fhip ; a cot- 
tage, or fmall houfe. 
To CABIN, kib'-bin. v. n. To live 
in a cabin. 

To CABIN, kab'-bin. v. a. To 
confine in a cabin. 

CABir4ED, kab'-bind. a. Belong- 
ing to a cabin. 

CABINET, kub'-in-et. f. A fet of 
boxes or drawers for curiofities ; 
any place in which things of value 
are hidden ; a private room, in which 
confuitations are held. 

CABINET-COUNCIL, kab'-!n-et- 
kou"n-sii. f. -A council held in a 
private manner. 

CABINET-MAKER,!. iib"-in-^t-m.V- 
ki'ir. f. One that makes fmall nice 
woik in w,)od. 

CABLE, ka'bl. f. The great rope 
of a Ihjp to which the anchor is 

CACHECTIC AL, kl-fc^t'-t^kil. ? 

CACHECTlCK, ka-kek'-tlk. f 
a. Having an iU habit of bo- 
dy. , 

CACHEXY, k;V-kck-fy. f. Such a 
diftemperaiure of the humours, as 
hinders nutrition, and weakens the 
vital and aninxal fonflions. 

vL, ka-ku-kiin'- 1 
:,ki-k6-k{m'-Jk. J 

CACHINNATION, ki-kfn-na'- 
fhun. f. A loud laughter. 

CACKEREL, kak'-c-n'l. f. A fifh. 

To CACKLE, kak'l. v. n. To make 
a noife as a goofe ; fometimes it is 
ufed for the noife of a hen ; to 
laugh, to giggle. 

CACKLE, kak'l. f. The voice of a 
goofe or fowl. 

CACKLER, kak'-lur. f. A fowl that 
-cackles ; a teltale, a tatler. 




a. Having the humours corrupt- 

CACOCHYMY, ki-kuk'-^-m^'. f. 
A depravation of the humours fronj 

, a found ftate. 

CACOt'HONY, ki-kof'.fi-ny. f. 
A bad found of words. 

To CACUMINATE, k;\-kil'-ml. 
nate. v. a. To make fharp or py- 

CADAVEROUS, ki-dav'-i-rus. a. 
Having the appearance of a dead 

CADDIS, kad'-dis. f. A kind of 
tape or ribbon ; a kind of worm or 





CADE, kaue. a. Tame, foft, as a 
cade lamb. 

CADE, hade. f. A barrel. 

CADENCE, ka'-dens. ) f. Fall, 

CADENCY, ka'-den-ty. 5 ftate of, decline; the fall of the 
voice ; the flow of verfes, or pe- 
riods ; the tone or found. 

CADENT.ka'-dent.a. Fallingdown. 

CADET, ka-det'. f. The younger 
brother; the youngeft brother; a 
voluntier in the army, who ferves 
in expeflation of a commiflion. 

CADGER, kAd'-jur. f. A huckfter. 

CADI, ka'-dy. f. A magiftrate a- 
mong the Turks. 

CADILLACK, ka-dll'-lak. f. A 
fort of pear. 

CjESIAS", f6'-f)as. f. A wind from 
the north-eaft. 

CESAREAN. See Cesarean. 

CiESURA, fc-fiV-ra. f A figure in 
poetry, by whicli a (hort fyllable 
after a complete foot is made long ; 
a paufe in verfe. 

CAFTAN, kit'-tan. f. A Perfian 
veft or garment. 

CA»G, kag'. f. A barrel or wooden 
veffel, containing four or five gal Ions. 

CAGE, kaje. f. An inclofure of 
twigs or wire, in which birds are 
kept; a place for wild beafts ; a 
prifon for petty malefadlors. 

To CAGE, kaje. v. a. To inclofe 
in a cage. 

CAIMAN, ki'-mJn. f. The Ame- 
rican name of a crocodile. 

To CAJOLE, ki-j6'le. v. a. To 
flatter, to footh. 

CAJOLER, k;\-j6'-lur. f. A flat- 
terer, a wheedler. 

CAJOLERY, kajo'-Ie-ry.f. Flattery. 

CAISSON, k;\-5on. f. A chell of 
bombs or powder, laid in the ene- 
my's way, to be fired at their ap- 
proach ; a wooden cafe in which 
the piers of bridges are built within 
the water. 

CAITIFF, ka-tif. f. A mean vil- 
lain, a defpicable knave. 

CAKE, k.\'ke. f. A kind of deli- 
cate bread ; any thing of a form 
ra:her flat than high. 

To CAKE, ka'ke. v. n. To harden 
as dough in the oven. 

CALABASH, kal'-a-balh. f. A fpe- 
cies of a larger gourd. 

CALABASH^ TREE, ka!'-a-bafh- 
tre". f. A tree of which the fhells 
are ufed by the negroes fo- cups, 
as alfo for inftruments of n. ' ck. 

CALAMANCO, kila-rr.ank -6. f. 
A kind of woollen fluff. 

CALAMINE, kal'-a-mine. f. A 
kind of fcflile bituminous earth. 

which being mixed with copper, 

changes it into brafs. 
CALAMINT, kal'-a-mint. f. The 

name of a plant. 
CALAMITOU.S, ka-!am'-i-tus. a. 

Miferable, involved in dillrefs, 

unhappy, v.rctched. 

tuf-ris. f. Mifery, diftrcfs. 
CALAMITY, ka !am'-i-ty. f Mif- 

fortune, caufe of mifery. 
CALAMUS, kal'-a-mus. f. A fort 

of reed or fweet-fcented wood, men- 
tioned in fcripture. 
CALASH, ka-liih'. f. A fmall 

carriage of pleafure. 
CALCARIOUS, kal-ka-ryus. a. 

Partaking of the nature of calx. 
CALCEATED,'-fe-a-tid. a. 

Shod, fitted with fhoes. 
CALCEDONIUS, kal-ls-du'-nyus. 

f. A kind of precious ilone. 
CALCINATE. See To Calcine. 
CALCINATION, kil.fy-n.^'-(hun. 

f. Such a management of bodies 

by fire, as renders them reducible 

to powder ; chymical pulverization. 
CALCINATORY, kal'-sin-ni-tur-y. 

f. A veflel ufed in calcination. 
To CALCINE, kal-si'ne. v. a. To 

burn in a fire to a calx, or fub- 

ftance eafily reduced to powder ; 

to burn up. 
To CALCINE, kal-ji'ne. V. n. To 

become a calx by heat. 
To CALCULATE, kil'-ku-hite. v. a. 

To compute, to reckon ; to adjuft, 

to projeft for any certain end. 
CALCULATION, kal-kii-la'-fliun. 

f. A pradice, or manner of rec- 
koning, the art of numbering ; the 

refult of arithmetical operation. 
CALCULATOR, kal'-ku-la-tiir. f 

A computer. 
CALCULATORY, kal"- ku - la - 

tur'-v. a. Belonging to calculation. 
CALCULE, kil'-kule. f. Reckon- 
ing, compute. 
CALCULOSE, kal-ku-16Te. 7 
CALCULOUS, kal'-ku-lus. I '^■ 

Stony, gritty. 
CALCULUS, k;il'-ku-Ius. f. The 

ftone in the bladder. 
CALDRON, kal-dn'in. f. A pot, 

a boiler, a kettle. 
CALEl- ACTION, kJl-S-fak'-fhiin. 

f. The aft of heating any thing ; 

the Hate of being heated. 
CALEFACTiVE, kal-e-fnlc'-tn'. a. 

1 hat which makes any thing hot, 

CALEFACTORY, kil-e-fik'-ti;, y. 

a. That which heats. 
To CALEFY, ka'.'-c-fy. v. n. To 

grow hot, to be heated. 

CALE?,'DAR, kai'-ln-dur, f A re- 
giilcr of the year, in which the 
months, and ilated times, are 
marked, as fcftivals and holidays. 

To CALENDER, kal'-In-t'ur. v. a. 
To drefs cloth. 

CALENDER, kal'-in-dir. f. A hot 
prefs, a prefs in which clothiers 
fmooth their cloth. 

CALENDRER, kal'in-drur. f The 
perfon who calenders. 

CALENDS, kai'-Indz. f. The firft 
day of every month among the 

CALENTURE, kal'-In-ti"ire. f. A 
diftemper in hot climates, wherein 
they imagine the fea to be green 

CALF, ka'f r. The young of a 
cow ; the thick, plump, bulbous 
part of the leg. 

CALIBER, ka-16'-bur. f. The bore, 
the diameter of the barrel of a gun. 

CALICE, kil'-ls. f. A cup, a cha- 

CALICO, kal'-y-ko. f. An Indian 
ftufi^ made of cotton. 

CALID, kal'-Id. a. Hot, burning. 

CALIDITY, ka-lia'-di-ty-. f Heat. 

CALIF, ? ,... ,-f tf. A title af- 

CALIPH, J ^-''*'^- I fumed by the 
fuccefTors of Mahomet among the 

CALIGATION, ki-K-gi'-fliin. f. 
Darknefs, cloudinefs. 

CALIGINOUS, ka-lldzh'-y-nus. a. 
Obfcure, dim. 

CALIGINOUSNESS, ka-lidzh'-y-- 
nul-nis. f. Darknefs. 

CALIGRAPHY, ki-llg'-gri-f^. f. 
Beautiful writing. 

CALIVER, kal'-y-vur. f. A hand- 
gun, a harquebufe, an old mufket. 

To CALK, ki'k. v. a. To flop the 
leaks of a fliip. 

CALKER, ka'-kur. f. The work- 
man that flops the leaks of a fhip. 

To CALL, ka'i. v. a. To name ; to 
fummon or invite; to convoke; 
to fummon judicially ; in the theo- 
logical fenle, to infpire v.ith ar- 
dours of piety ; to invoke, to ap- 
peal to; to proclaim, to publiOi ; 
to make a (hort vifit; to excite, to 
put in adlion, to bring into view i 
to iHgmatize with fome opprobrious 
denomination; To call back, to 
revoke ; To call in, to refume 
money at intereft; To call over, 
to read aloud a lill or mufter-roll ; 
To call out, to challenge. 

CALL, ka I. f. A vocal addrefs j 

requifition ; divine vocation ; fum- 

mons to true religion ; an impuL'e ; 

authority, command ; a demand, 

L a claim i 

C A L 



a claim ; an innminent to call 
birds ; calling, vocation, eroploy- 
mcnt ; a nomination. 

CALLING, kul-ling. f. Vocation, 
profeflion, trade; proper llation, 
or employment ; clafs of perfons 
united by the fame employment or 
profeluon ; divine vocation, invi- 
tation to the true religion. 

CALLIPERS, kJil'-ly-perz. f. Com- 
pafies with bowed ihanks. 

CALLOSITY, k-.l-lAi'-M-iy. f. A 
kind of Avelling without pain. 

CALLOUS, kil'-lus. a. Hardened, 

CALLOUSNESS, kil'-liif-nis. f. 
Induration of the fibres ; infenfi- 

CALLOW, kal'-I6. a. Unfledged, 
naked, wanting feathers. 

CALLUS, kil'-l'iis. f. An indura- 
tion of the fibres ; the hard fub- 
ftanre by which broken bones are 

CALM. ka'm. a. Quiet, ferene ; 
undillurbed, unnifilv^d. 

CALM, ki'm. f. Serenity, fliil- 
nefs ; quiet, repofe. 

To CALM, ki'm. v^ a. To ftill, 
to quiet; to pacify, to appeafe. 

CWLMER, k.i'm-ur. f. The perfon 
or thing which has the power of 
giving quiet. 

CALMLY, ki'm-ly. ad. Vyithout 
ilorms, or violence ; without paf- 
fions, quietly. 

CALMNESS, ka'm-ni's. f. Tran- 
quillity, ferenity; mildnefs, free- 
dom from paflion. 

CALOMEL, k;'il'-(S-mJ-l. f. Mer- 
cury li.\ times fublimcd. 

CALORlKlCK,k.'il-o-rit'-ik.a. That 
which has the quality of producing 

CALOTTE, ka-16l'. f. A cap or 

CALJROPS, kil'-trops. f. An in- 
ftrumcnt made with three fpikes, 
fo that which way foever it falls to 
the ground, one of them points 
upright; a plant mentioned in Vir- 
gil's Georgick, under the name of 

To CALVE, kaV. v. n. To bring 
forth a calf, fpokcn of a cow. 

To CALUMNIATE, ki-liira'-nyite. 
V. a. To flandcr. 

CALUMNIATION, ka-liim-i3ya'- 
fliun. f. A malicious and falfe 
reprefcntation of words or ac- 

C.\LUMNIATOR, ki-lura'-nyi-lur. 
f. Aforgerofaccufation, aflanderer. 

CALUMNIOUS, ki-hVn'-nvis. a. 
Slanderous, falfely reproachful. 

CALUMNY, kil'-um-ny. f. Slan- 
der, falfe charge. 

CALX, kalk's. f. Any thing ren- 
dered reducible to portder by burn- 

CALVCLE, k:U'-Jkl. f. A fmall 
bud of a plant. 

CAMAIEU, k;.-ma-y.j. f. A ftone 
with various figures and reprefenta- 
tions of landlkips, formed by .-.a- 

CAMIIER, kam'-bnr. f. A piece of 
timber cut arch-wife. 

CAMBRICK. kim'-brik. f. A kind 
of fine linen. 

CAME, kame. The preterite of 
To Come. 

CAMEL, kam' -11. f. A beall of 

CAMELOPARD, kim'-i-lo-pard. f. 
An animal taller than an elephant, 
but not fo thick. 

CAMELOT, J , , , ,,, 5 f. A kind 

CAMLET, i ^^'""-J"- \ of Huff 
originally made by a mixture of 
filk and camels hair ; it is now 
made with wool and filk. 

CAMERA OBSCURA, I,'un'-c-ra- 
('>b-(ki\"-ra. f. An optical machine 
ufed in a darkened chamber, fo 
that the light coming only through 
a double convex glafs, objefls op- 
pofite are reprefented inverted. 

CAMERADE, kum'-iade. f. A 
bofom companion. See Com- 

CAMERATED, kam'-er-a tid. a. 

CAMERATION, kam-cr-a -fhun. f. 
A vaulting or arching. 

CAMISADO, k'lm-y-fi'-do. f. An 
attack made in the dark, on which 
occafion they put their ftirts out- 

CAMISATED, kam'-y-fa-tld. a. 
Dreflcd with the fhirt outward. 

CAMLET, kam'-lit. f. See Came- 


CAMMOCK, kam'-mtik. f. An 

herb, petty wliin, or rellhar- 

CAMOMILE, kam'-m.'.-milc. f. A 

CAMP, k;tmp'. f. The order of 

tents, placed by armies when they 

keep the field. 
To CAMP, kamp'. v. n. To lodge 

in tents. 
CAMPAIGN, kam-p:Vn. f. A large, 

open, level traiS of ground ; the 

time for which any army keeps the 

CAMPANIFORM, kam pan'- n)'- 

f'jrm. a. A term ufed of flowers, 

which arc in the fliape of a bell. 

a. Campaniform. 
CAMPES'TRAL, kam-pco'-tral. a. 

Growing in fields. 
CAMPHiRE.'-f\T. f. A kind 

of refin produced by a chemical 

procefs from tl.e camphire tree. 
CAMPHIRE-'TREE, kam'-fyr-trc. 

f. The tree from which camphire 

is extrnfted. 
CAMPHORATE, kam'-fVrate. a. 

Impregnated with camphire. 
CAMPION, kam'-pyiin. (. A plant. 
CAN,'. f. A cup. 
To CAN, kin', v. n. Pret. Coui.d. 

'To be able, to have po'.ver : itcx- 

preffes the potential mood, as I can 

do it. 
CANAILLE, ka-nul'. f. The low- 
eft people. 
CANAL, ka-nil'. f. A bafon of 

water in a garden ; any courfe of 

water made by art ; a pafiage 

through which any of the juices of 

the body How. 
CANAL-COAL, kdn'-nll-kol. f. 

A find kind of coal. 
CANALICULATED, kan-a-lik'-u- 

la-iid. a. Made like a pipe or 

CA.NARY, ka-na'-ry.f.Winebrought 

from the Canaries, fack. 
CAN.\RY-BIRD, ka-ni'-iy-burd. f. 

An excellent finging bird. 
To CANCEL, kan'-sil. v. a. To 

crofs a writing ; to efface, to obli- 
terate in general. 
CANCELLATED, kan'-fc!-la-tld. 

a. Crofs-barred. 
CANCELLATION, kan-f^l-la- 

(In'in. f. .\n expunging or wiping 

out of an inllrument. 
CANCER, kan'-U'ir. f. A crabfilh; 

the lign of the fummer foUlice ; a 

virulent fwelling, or fore. 
To CANCERATE, kin'-fe-rite, 

v. n. To become a cancer. 
CANCER A'TION, kin-fc-ta -(hi'in. 

f. A growing cancerous. 
CANCEROUS^kin' (eras. a. Hav- 
ing the virulence of a cancer. 
CANCEROUSNKSS, kin'-lc-ruf- 

nis. f. The llate of being cancerous. 
CANCRINE, kin'-krhie. a. Hav- ,^ 

ing the qualities of a crab. j|k 

CANDEK'T, kin'-dent.. a. Hot.. ■• 
CANDICANT, kan'-dy-kint. a. 

Growing white. 
can:. ID, kin'-dld. a. White; 

fair, open, ingenuous. 
CANDIDATE, k'm'-di-dct. f. A 

competitor, one that folicits aJ~ 






«ANDIDLY, hin'-did-ly. ad. Falr- 

Iv, ineenuoudy. 
CAXDiDNESS, kan'-dld-nis. f. 

Ingenuoufnefs, opennei's of tem- 
To C.ANDIFY, kan'-di-fy. v. a. 

To make white. 
CANDLE, kAnti'l. f. A light made 

of wax or tallow, furrouuding a 

wick of flax or cotton. 

b^r-rv-tre'. f. Sweet-willow. 

f. He ihat holds the candle. 
CANDLELIGHT, kand'l-Ji:e. f 

The lipht of a candle. 
CANDLEMA.S, kiiid'1-mus. f. The 

feaft of the purilication of the Blefl"- 
^d Virgin, which was formerly 

celebrated with many lights in 

CANDLESTICK, kand'1-fllk. f. 

The inllrumcnt that holds can- 
CANDLE STUFF, kand'l-flif. f. 

Greafe, tallow. 
C.ANDLEVVASTER, kandl-waf-tur. 

f. A fpendthrift. 
CANDOCK, kan'-dok. f. A weed 

that grows in rivers. 
CANDOUR, kan'-dur. f. Sweet- 

nefs of temper, purity of mind, 

To C.ANDY, kan'-dy. v. a. To 

conferve with fugar ; to form into 

To CANDY, kin'-dy. v. n. To 

grow congealed. 
CANE, kane. f. A kind of ftrong 

reed ; the plant which yields the 

fugar; a lance ; a reed. 
To CANE, ki'ne. v. a. To beat 

with a cane or ftick. 
CANICULAR, ka-nik'-u-Iar. a. Be- 
longing to the dog-ilar. 
CANINE, k.i-ri'ne. a. Having the 

properties of a dog. 
CANISTER, kAn'-il-tur. f. A fmall 

bafket ; a fmall vefTel in which any 

thing is laid up. 
CANKER, kink'-kur. f. A worm 

that preys upon, and deftroys fruits; 

a fly that preys upon fruits ; any 

thing that corrupts or confumes ; 

an eating or corroding humour ; 

corrcfion, virulence ; a difeafe in 

To CANKER, kank'-kur. v. n. To 

grow corrupt. 
To CANKER,'-kur. v. a. To 

corrupt, to corrode ; to infefl, to 

CANKERBIT, kank'-ur-bit. part. 

ad. Bitten with an euvenomed 


CAXN'ABINE, kan'-ni-bine. a. 

CANNIBAL, kan'-ny-bil. f. A 

CANNIBALLY, kan'-ny-bal-ly. ad. 
In the manner of a cannibal. 

CANNIPERS, kin'-ni-purz. f. Cal- 

CANNON, kin'-nun. f. A gun 
larger than can be managed by the 

CANNON-BALL, kun'-nun-ba'l. 1 

CANNON-SHOT, kan'-nun-lhot'. I 
f. The balls which are fliot from 
great guns. 

To CANNONADE, kan-D6-nade. 
V. n. To play the great guns ; to 
attack or batter with cannon. 

CANNONIER, kan-no-ne'r f. The 
engineer that manages the cannon. 

CANNOT, k;in'-not. v. n. of Can 
and Not, To be unable. 

CANOA, >,, w jf. A boat 

CANOE, J "^^"-"o • \ made by cut- 
ting the trunk of a tree into a hol- 
low veflel. 

CANON, kin' on. f. A rule, a 
law ; law made by ecclefiaftical 
councils ; the books of Holy Scrip- 
ture, or the great rule ; a digni- 
tary in cathedral churches ; a large 
fort of printing letter. 

CANONESS, kan'-6-nes. f. In po- 
piih countries, women living after 
the example of fecular canons. 

CANONICAL, kan-6n'-y-kal. a. 
According to the canon; confti- 
tuting the canon ; regular, ftated, 
fixed by ecclefiallical laws ; fpiri- 
tual, ecclefiallical. 

CANONICALLY, ki-non'-y-kal-ly. 
ad. In a manner agreeable to the 

nls. f. The quality of being ca- 

CANONIST, kan'-no-nift. f. A 
profeflbr of the canon law. 

CANONIZATION, kin no-ny-za- 
ftiin. f. The ait of {declaring a 

To CANONIZE, kan'-no-nize. v. a. 
To declare any one a faint. 

CANONRY, kii,'-un-r\'-. 1 f.An 

CANONSHIP, kan'-uti-flifp. J ec- 
clefiartical benefice in fomecathedral 
or collegiate church. 

CANOPIED, kan'-o-pyd. a. Co- 
vered with a canopy. 

CANOPY, kan'-6-py. f. A cover- 
ing fpread over the hend. 

To CANOPY, kan'-6-py. v. a. To 
cover with a canopv. 

CANOROUS, kani'-riis. a. Mu- 
fical, tuneful. 

CANT, kini'. f. A corrupt dialed 
ufed by beggars and vagabonds ; a 
form of fpeaking peculiar to feme 
certain clafs or body of men ; a 
whining pretenfion to goodnefs ; 
barbarous jargon ; auiflion. 

To CANT, kani'. v. n. To talk 
in the jargon of particular profef- 
fions ; to fpeak with a particular 

To CANT, kant'. v. a. To tofs or 
fling away. 

CANTATA, kan-t.V-tA. f. A fong. 

CANTATION, kin-la -Ihun. f. The 
act of finging 

CANTER, kaii'-tir. f. A hypo- 
crite ; a fhort gallop. 

CANTHARIDES, kin-thar'-y-dez. 
f. Spanilli flies, ufed to raile blif- 

CANTHUS, kan'-ihiis. f. Theccr- 
ner of the eve. 

CANTICLE,' kan'-iiU. f. A fong; 
the Song of Solomon. 

CANTLE, kin'tl. f. Apiece with 

CANTLET, kant'-llt. f, A piece, 
a fragment. 

CANTO, kin'-to. f. A book or 
feftion of a poem. 

CANTON, kan'-tun. f. A fmall 
parcel or divifion of land ; a fmall 
community, or clan. 

To CANTON, kan'-iiin. v. a. To 
divide into little parts. 

To CANTONiZE,kan'-to-nize.v.a. 
To pircel out into fmall divilions. 

CANVASS, k'tn'-vis. f. A kind of 
cloth woven for feveral ufes ; feli- 
citation upon an e'.edion. 

To CANVASS, kan'-vas. v. a. Ta 
fift, to examine ; to debate, to 

To CANVASS, kan'-vaf. v. n. To 

CANY, ka'-ny-. a. Full of canes. 
confilHng of canes. 

CANZONET, kan-zo-nci'. f. A 
little fong. 

CAP, kap'. f. The garment that 
covers the head; the enfign of the 
cardinalate ; the topmoil, the high- 
eft ; a reverence made by uncover- 
ing the head. 

To CAP, kip'. V. a. To cover on 
the top ; to fnatch ofi^ the cap ; To 
cap verfes, to name alternately 
verfes beginning with a particular 

CAP A' PE\ kap-a-pe . a. From 
head to foot. 

CAP-PAPER, kap'-pa-piir. f. A 
fort of coarfe brownilh paper. 

CAPABILITY, ki-pi-bii'-I-iy. f. 





CAPABLE, ka'-pAbl. a. Endued 
with powers equal to nny particular 
thing; intelligent, able to under- 
/land ; capacious, able to receive ; 
fufceptible ; quajiiied for ; hol- 
C.APAELENESS, ki'-pibl-nls. f. 
The quality or ftate of being ca- 
CAP.\CIOUS, k:i-p:V-rhu'=. a. Wide, 
large, able to hold much ; exten- 
five, equal to grcar defign. 
CAPACIOUSN-ESS, ki-f i'-ft)uf-r.Is 
f. The power of holding, large- 
To CAPACITATE, ki pis' ^litc. 

V. a. To enable, to qualify. 
CAPACriY, ki-pis'-i-t)''. f. The 
power of containing; the force or 
power of the mind; power, abili- 
ty; room, fpace ; fta:e, condition, 
CAPARISON, kk-p'^t'-f-{Ln. f. A 

fort of cover for a horle. 
To CAPARISON. ka-par'-y-fun. 
V. a. To crefs in caparifons;- to 
drefs pompoufly. 
CAPE, ka'pe. f. Headland, pro- 
montory; the neck-piece of a cioak 
or coat. 
CAPER, ka'-pur. f. A leap, a 

CAPER, ka'-pur. f. An acid pickle 
CAPER-BUSH, ka'-pur-tulh. f. 
This plant grows in the fouth of 
France, the buds are pickled for 
To CAPER, k'l'-pir. V. n. To 
dance frolickfomely ; to &ip for 
CAPERER, kJ'-pe-rir. f. A dan- 
CAPl.^S, ka'-pyas. f. A writ of 

CAPILACEOUS, k.Vp!!-li'-lhis. a. 

The fame with Capillars. 
CAPILLAIRE, kA-pIl-iar. f. Sy- 
rup of maidenhair. ' 
CAPILLAMENT, ka-pll'-14-ment. 
f. Small threads or hairs which 
grow up in the middle of a flower. 
CAPILLARY, ka-pll'-la-ry. a. i^- 

fembling hairs, fmall, minute. # 
CAPILLATIUN, ki-pii'-la-(lu'in. f. 

A fmall ramification of veflels. 
CAPITAL, kap'-i 'al. a. Relating 
to the head ; criminal in the highcft 
degree ; that which affefls life ; 
chief, principal ; applied to let- 
ters, large, fuch as are written at 
the beginning or hc.ids of books ; 
Capital ftock, ihe principal ai 
original ftcck of a trading compa- 
CAPITAL, kap' 1-til. f. The up- 

per part of a pillar ; the chief city 
of a nation. 
CAPITALLY, kip'-i-iil-lf ad. 
In a capital manner, fo as to afFeft 
life, as capitally convidled. 
CAPITATION, kAp-J-ta'Mn. f. 

Numeration by heads. 
CAPITULAR, ki-pit'-u-lar. f. The 
body of the ftatutes of a chapter; 
a member of a chapter. 
To CAPITULATE, ki-pu'-ii-)ate. 
V. n. To draw up any thing in 
heads or articles ; to yield, or fur- 
render on certain ftipulations. 
CAPI 1 UL.ATION, ka-ph-u-la'- 
fliun f. Stipulations, terms, con- 
CAPIVI TREE, ki-pi'-v,^-tri. f. 

A balfam tree. 
CAPON, ka'pn. f. A caftrated 

CAPONNIERE, k:\-p6-nyfe'r. f. A 
co\ered lodgment, encompafled 
with a little parapet. 
CAPOT, ka-p6i'. f. Is when one 
party wins all the tricks of cards at 
the game of piquet. 
CAPRICE, ka-pri's. f. Freak, fan- 
cy, whim. 
CAPRICHIO, ki-prl'-tfhi. f. The 

fame as Caprice. 
CAPRICIOUS, ka-prilh'-us. a. 

Whimfical, fanciful. 
CAPRICIOUSLY, ka-prllh'.uf-!^. 

ad. Whimfically. 
CAPRICIOUSNESS, ka-prldi'-uf- 
riJs. f. Humour, whimfical- 
CAPRICORN, kap'-pry-korn.f. One 
of the figns of the zodiack, the 
winter folllice. 
CAPRIOLE, kap'-ry-6le. f. Ca- 
prioles are leaps, fuch as horfes 
make in one and the fame place, 
without advancing forward. 
CAPSTAN, kap'-lUn. f. A cylin- 
der with levers to wind up any great 
CAPSULAR, kap'-fu lar. 7 

CAPSULARY, kap'-fu- ir-y. 5 ^• 

Hollow like a cheft. 
CAPSULATE, kap'-fu-!ate. 7 
CAPSULATED, kap'-fu-la-tld. J ^• 

Intloled, or in a box. 
CAP IAIN, kap'-iin. f. A chief 
commander ; the commander of a 
company in a regiment ; the chief 
commander of a fliip ; Captain 
General, the general or command- 
er in thie/ of an army. 
CAPPAINRY, kap' tin- ry-. f. The 
power over a certain diftrift, the 
CAPTAINSHIP, kip'-tln-lhip. f. 
The rank or port of a captain ; the 

condition or port of a chief com- 
C.\PTATION, kap-ta-(hun. f The 

praftice of catching favour. 
CAPTION, khp'-(bln. f The aft 

of taking anv perlon. 
CAPTIOUS, kap'-flu'ls. a. Given 
to cavils, eager to objeft; infidi- 
ous, enfnaring. 
CAPTIOUSLY, kap'-fhuf-ly. ad. 

With an inclination to objeft. 
CAPTIOUSNEbS, kap'-lhuf-nis. f. 
Inclination to objeft ; peevilhnefs. 
To CAP TlVA'l'K, kip'-tl-vate. y. a. 
To take prifoner, to bring into 
bondage; to charm, tofubdue. 
CAPTIVATION, kap-ti-va'-fhun. 
f. The aft cf taking one captive. 
CAPTIVE, kap'-tiv. f. One taken 

in war; one charmed by beauty. 
CAPTIVE, k.ip'-t{v. a. 'Made pri- 
foner in war. 
CAPTIVITY, kap-tiv'-i-t>-. f Sub- 
jedlion by the fate of war, bond- 
age ; flavery, fervitude. 
CAPTOR, kap'-iiir. f. He that 

takes a prifoner, or a prize. 
CAPTURE, kap'-tfhur. f The aft 
or praflice of taking any thing ; a 
CAPUCHIN, kap-u-fhi'n. f. A 
female garment, confiding of a 
cloak and hood, made in imitation 
of the drefs of capuchin monks. 
CAR, ka'r. f. A fmall carriage of 

burden; chariot of war. 
bine. f A fmall fort of hre-arras. 
CARBINIER, kar-bl-nl'r. f A fort 

of light horfeman. 
CARRACK, ka:'-ik. f. A large 

(hip of burden, galleon. 

CARAT, 7 , , , . 3 f. A weight 

CARACT, J ''^'"^'' ? of four grains; 

a manner of exprefling the finenefs 

of gold. 

CARAVAN, kar' f. A troop 

or body of merchants or pilgrims. 

CARAVANSARY, kar-avan'-fa-r^. 

f. A houfe built for the reception 

of travellers. 

CARAWAY, kar'-.n-wa. f. A plant. 

CARBONADO, kar-bo-na'-do. f. 

Meat cut acrofs, to be broiled. 
To CARBONADO, kar-bo-ra'-dO. 

v. a. To cut or hack. 
CARBUNCLE, ka'r-bunkl. f. A 
jewel (hining in the dark ; red fpot 
or pimple. 
CARBUNCLED, ka'r-bunkld. a. 
Set with carounclos ; fpotted, de- 
formed with pimples. 
CARBUNCULAR, kar-bunk'-u-lur. 

a. Red like a carbuncle. 
u lii'-llu'ui. 




u-la'-(l,un. r. The blaHing of 
young beds by heac or cold. 
CARCANET. kaV-ki-net. f. A 

chain or collar of jewels. 
CARCASS, ka'r-kas. f. A dead 
body of an animal ; the decayed 
parts of any thing ; the main parts, 
without completion or ornament ; 
in gunnerv, a kind of bomb. 
CARCELAGE, kar'-fe-Iiuzh. f. 

Prifon fees. 
CARD, ka'rd. f. A paper painted 
with figures, ufed in games ; the 
paper en which the feveral points 
of the compafs are marked under 
the mariner's needle; the inftru- 
meni with which wool is combed. 
To CARD, ka'rd. v. a. To comb 

CARDAMOM, ka'r-di-mum. f. A 

medicinal feed. 
CARDER, kaV-diir. f. One that 
cards wool ; one that plays much at 
CARDIACAL, kar-di'4-kal. 7 
CARDIACK, ki'r-d;;-.ak. i ' 

Cordial, having the quality of in- 
CARDINAL, ki'r-di-nal. a. Prin- 
cipal, thief. 
CARDINAL, kar-d{-nil. f. One 
of the chief governors of the church. 
CARDINALATE, ka'r-d^-ni 


The office and rank of a cardinal 
CARDMATCH, kiVd-matih. f. A 
match made by dipping a piece of a 
card in melted fulphur ; a party at 
CARE, kare. f. Solicitude, anxiety, 
concern ; caution ; regard, charge, 
heed in order to prefervation ; the 
objeft of care, or of love. 
To CARE, ka're. v. n. To be 
anxious or folicitous ; to be in- 
clined, to be difpofed ; to be af- 
fetled with. 
CARECRAZED, ka're-krazd. a. 

Broken with care and folicitude. 
To CAREEN, ka-re'n. v. a. To 

caulk, to (lop up leaks. 
CAREER, ka-rer.f. The ground 
on which a race is run ; a courfe, 
- a race; full fpeed, fwifc motion; 

CDur e of aflion. 
To CAREER, ka-re'r. v. n. To 

run with fwift motion. 
CAREFUL, ka're-ful. a. Anxious, 
foiicitous, full of concern ; provi- 
dent, ciligent, cautious ; watchful. 
CAREFULLY, kaVe-ful-ly. ad. In 
a manner that (hew5 care ; heedful- 
ly, watchfully. 

mors or thechurc 
l, ka'r-d;^-ni- 1 

', ka'r-di-nal- f 

CAREFULNESS, ka're-ful-ni's. 1. 

\'igilance, caution. 
CARELESLY, ka'.-c-h'f-ly. ad. Ne- 

gligentlv, heedlefrly. 
CARELESNESS, kare-lif-nis. f. 

HeedlelTnefs, inattention. 
CARELESS, kfi're-lfs. a. Without 
care, without folicitude, uncon- 
cerned, negligent, heedlefs, un- 
mindful ; cheerful, undifturbed ; 
unmoved by, unconcerned at. 
To CARESS, ka-res'. v. a. To en- 
dear, to fondle. 
CARESS, ka-rci'. f. An aft of en- 

. dearrrent. 
CARET, Id'-r^t. f. A note which 
ftiews where fomething interlined 
fhould be read, as a. 
CARGO, ki'r-go. f. The lading 

of a fliip. 
CAPJCATURA, kar-i-ka-t&'-ra. f. 
Exaggerated refemblance in draw- 
CARIES, ka'-rves. f. Rottennefs. 
CARIOSITY, kar-)''-6s'-l-ty. f. Rot- 
CARIOUS, ka'-r)'i'is. a. Rotten. 
CARK, kark. f. Care, an.xiety. 
To CARK, ki'rk. v. n. To be care- 
ful, to be anxious. 
C.-\RLE, ka'rl. f. A rude, brutal 

man, churl. 
CARLINE THISTLE, ka'r-line- 

thi'^'l. f. A plant. 
CARLLNGS, ka'r-!ingz. f. In a 

(hip, timbers lying fore and aft. 
CARMAN, ka'r-min. f. A man 
whofe emoloyment it is todrivecars. 
CARMELITE, kd'r-me-lite. f. A 
fort of pear ; one of the .order of 
white friars. 
CARM1N.-\TIVE, kar-min'-a-tlv. f. 
Carminatives a.-e fuch things as dif- 
pel wind, and promote infenfible 
perfpi ration. 
CARMINATIVE, kar-mm'-a-tiv. a. 

Belonging to carminatives. 
CARMINE, ka'r-mine. f. A pow- 
der of a bright red or crimfon co- 
CARNAGE, kar-nidzh. f. Slaugh- 
ter, havock ; heaps of flelh. 
CARNAL, ka'r-nal. a. Flefhly, 

not fpiritual ; luflful, lecherous. 
CARNALITY, k'}-. f. 

Flelhly luft ; groilhefs of mind. 
CARNALLY, k.Vr-nal-ly. ad. Ac- 
cording to tne flefh, not fpiri- 
CARNALNESS,ki'r-na!-nIs. f. Car- 
CARN.'^TION, kar-na'-(hun. f. The 

name of the natural flefh colour. 
CARNELiON, kii-ne'-lyun. f. A 
precious llone. 

CARNEOUS, ka'r-ne-us. a. Flelhy. 
ToCARNLY, ka'r-ny-fy. v. n. To 

breed flcrti. 
CARNIVAL, ka'r-n^-v41. f. The 
feaft held in popi(h countries before 
C.-^RNTVOROUS, kar-niv'-v&-ris. 

a. Flelh-eating. 
CARNOSITY, kar-n6s'-s>'-ty. f. 

Flefhv excrefcence. 
CARNOUS, ka'r-nus. a. Flefhy. 
CAROB, ka'-rob. f. A plant. 
CAROL, kar'-rul. f. A fong of 
joy and exultation ; a fong of de- 
To CAROL, kar'-rul. v. n. To 

ling, to warble. 
To CAROL, kar'-rul. v. a. To 

praife, to celeb.'ate. 
CAROTID, ka-rot'-id. a. Two ar- 
teries which arife out of the afcend- 
ing trunk of the aorta. 
CAROUSAL, ka-rou'-zal. f. A fef- 

ti- al. 
To CAROUSE, ka-rou'z. v. n. To 

drink, to quaff. 
To CAROUSE, ka-rou'z. v. a. To 

CAROUSER, ka-rou'-zur. f. A 

drinker, a toper. 
C-*.RP, ka'rp. f. A pond fi(h. 
To CARP, ka'rp. v. n. To cen- 

fure, to cavil. 
CARPENTER, ka'r-pin-tur. f. An 

artificT in wood. 
CARPENTRY, k.Vr-pJn-tr^. f. The 

trade of a carpenter. 
C.-\RPER, ka'r"-pur. f. A caviller. 
CARPET, ka'r-pit. f. A covering 
of various colours; ground varie- 
gated with flowers; To be on the 
carpet, is to be the fubjeft of con- 
To C.-IRPET, ka'r-pit. v. a. To 

foread with carpets. 
CiRPING, ka'r-ping. part. a. Cap- 
tious, cenforious. 
CARPINGLY, kar-p!ng-Iy. ad. 
T. Captiouflv, cenforioufly. 
d'^RRIAGE, kir'-ridzh. f. The 
Mfl of carrying or tranfporting ; 
ijehicle ; the frame upon which can- 
non is carried; behaviour; con- 
duft; management. 
CARRIER, kar'-ry-ur. f. One who 
carries fomething ; one whofe trade 
is to carry goods ; a meffenger ; 
a fpecies of pigeons. 
CARRION, kar'-ryun. f. , The car- 
cafe of fomething not proper for 
food ; a name of reproach for .1 
worthlefi v^oman ; any flelh fo cor- 
rupted as not 10 be fit for food. 
CARRION, kar'-ryun. a. Relating 
to carcafles. 





CARROT, kir'-rut. f. Garden 

CARROTINESS, kir'-n'it-y-nis. f. 
Rednefs of hair. 

CARROTY, kir'-iit-y. a. Spoken 
of red hair. 

To CARRY, kar'-r^. v. a. To con- 
vey from a place ; to bear, to have 
rbout one ; to convey by force ; to 
effeft any thing; to behave, to 
condufl; to bring forward ; to im- 
ply, to import; lo fetch and bring, 
as dogs; To carry off, to kill ; To 
carry on, to promote, to help for- 
ward ; To carry through, to fup- 
port to the lall. 

To CARRY, kir'-if. V. n. A horfe 
is faid-to carry well, when his neck 
is arched, and he holds his head 

CART, ka'rt. f. A wheel-carriage, 
ufed commonly for luggage; the 
vehicle in which aiminals are car- 
ried to execution. 

To C.4RT, Id'rt. V. a. To expofe 
in a cart. 

To Cx\Rr, ka'rt. V, n. To ufe carts 
for carriage. 

CART -HORSE, ki'rt-horfe. f. A 
coarfe unwieldy horfe. 

CARl'-L0AD,ki'rt-16d. f. A quan- 
tity of any thing piled on a cart; 
a quantity fufficient to load a cart. 

CAKTWAY, ka'rt-wa. f. A way 
through which a carriage may con- 
veniently travel. 

CAR IE BLANCHE, ka'rt-blant'fh. 
f. A blank paper, a paper to be 
filled up with fuch conditions as the 
perfon to whom it is fent thinks 

C.\RrEL, kir-tcl'. f. A writing 
containing ftipulations. 

CARTER, ki'r-tur. f. The man 
who drives a cart. 

CARTILAGE, kar'-ti-lldzh. f. A 
fmnoth and folid body, fofter than 
a bone, but harder than a liga- 

CARTIL.\GINEOUS, ke\r-t>'. 

Confifting of cartilages 

CARTOON, kar-ton. f. A paint- 
ing or drawinp upon larpe paper. 

CARTOUCH, k.'ir-to'tih."f. A cafe 
of wood three inches thick at the 
bottom, holding balls. It is fired 
out of a hobit or fmall mortar. 

CARrRA(;E. ) ,'„ ,,, , f f. A 

CARTRIDGE, \ '-"-"JJ^h. | ^^^^ 

of paper or parchment filled with 
gunpowder, ufed for the greater 
e;<pedition in charging guns. 

JS, ldr-t>'-.1 
3, kar-ty- f 

C.\RTRUT, ki'rt-riVt f. The track -t 
made by a cart wheel. 

CARrULARY, ki'r-tu-li-ry. f. A 
place where papers are kept. 

CAR'l'WRlGHT, kart-rit. f. A 
maker of carts. 

To CARVE, ka'rv. v. a. To cut 
wood or iione ; to cut meat at the 
table ; to engrave ; to chufe one's 
own part. 

To CWRVE, ki'rv. v. n. To exer- 
cife the trade of a fculptor ; to per- 
form at table the office of fupply- 
ing the companv. 

CAR\'ER, k.Vr-vur. f. A fculptor; 
he that cuts up the meat at the table; 
he that choofes for himf -If. 

CARVING, ki'r-ving. f. Sculp- 
ture, figures carved. 

CARUNCLE, ka'r-unkl. f. A fmall 
protuberance of flefli. 

CASCADE, kaf-kade. f. A cata- 
ract, a water-fall. 

CASE, ka'i'e. f. A covering, abox, 
a iheath ; the outer part of a houfe ; 
a building unfurnifhed. 

CASE-KNIFE, kale-nife. f. A 
large kitchen-knife. 

CASE-SHOT, kafe-iliot. f. Bul- 
lets inclofed in a cafe. 

CASE, ka'i'e. f. Condition with re- 
gard to outward circumftances ; 
ilate of things ; in phyfick, ftate of 
the body ; condition with regard to 
leannefs, or health; contingence ; 
queliion relating to particular per- 
fons or things ; reprefentation of 
any queliion orftate of body, mind, 
or aft'nirs ; the variation of nouns ; 
In cafe, if it fhould happen. 

To CASE, ka'fe. v. a. To put in 
a cafe or cover ; to cover as a cafe ; 
to Ilrip off the covering. 

To CASEHARDEN, k.Vfe-hardn. 
V. a. To harden on the outfide. 

CASHM,\TE, ka'fe-mate. f. A kind 
of vault or arch of llone work. 

CASEMENT, ka'ze-mcnt. f. A 
window opening upon hinges. 

CASEWORM, kale-wurm. f. A 
grub that makes itfelf a cafe. 

CASH, kalh'. f. Money, ready 

CASH-KEEPER, kA/h'-ke-pir. f. 
A man entrulled with the mo- 

CASHEWNUT, ka-(hu'-nut. f. A 

CASHIER, kaf-fhc'r. f. He that 
has chari;e of the money. 

To CASHIER, ka-nic'r. v. a. To 
difcard, to difmifs from a poll. 

CASK, kafk'. f. A barrel. 

CASQUE, kafii'. f. A htlraet, ar- 
mour for the head. 

CASKET, kas'-kir. f. A fmall box 
or cheft for jewels. 

To C.\SS.-\TE, k.V-sate. v. a. To 
vacate, to invalidate. 

CASSATION, k'if-5a-n>.un. f. A 
making null or void. 

CASSAVI, k.V-si-v)"-. If. An A. 

CASS.'\D.i, kas'-sa-da. J merican 

CASSl.i, kas'-lhya.. f. A fweet 
fpice mentioned by Mofes ; the 
name of a tree. 

CASSIOWARY, ka,'-fh6-wa-ry. f. 
A large bird of prey. 

CASSOCK, kas'-iuk. f. A clofe 

CASSWEED, kas'-wcJ. f. Shep- 
herd's pouch. 

To CAST, kill', v. a. Fret, and 
part. Cast. To throw with the 
hand ; to throw away, as ufelefs 
or noxious ; to throw dice, or lots; 
to throw in wreilling; to tlirow a 
net or fnare; to drive by violence 
of weather ; to leave behind in a 
race ; tr fhed, to let fall, to moult; 
to lay afiJe, as fit to be worn no 
longer; to overweigh, to make to 
preponderate, to decide by overba- 
lancing ; to compute, to reckon, 
to calculate; to contrive, to plan 
out ; to fix the parts in a play ; to 
direct the eye; to form a mould ; 
to model, to form ; To call away, 
to fliipwreck ; to wafle in profu- 
fion ; to ruin ; To call down, to 
dejedl, to deprefs the mind; To 
call ofl", to difcard, to dilburdea 
one's lelf ; to leave behind ; To 
call out, to turn out of doors; to 
vent, to fpeak ; To caft up, to 
compute, to calculate; to vomit. 

To CAST, kail'. V. n. ' To con- 
trive, to turn the thoughts to; to 
admit of a form by calling or 
melting; to warp, to grow out of 

CAS r, kalV. f. The aft of calling 
or throwing, a throw ; ftateofany 
thing call or thrown ; a llroke, a 
touch; motion of the eye; the 
throw of dice; chance from the 
call of dice; a mould, a form ; a 
fhade, or tendency to any colour; 
exterior appearance ; manner, air, 
mien; a flight of hawks. 

CASTANET, k'u'-ta-nct. f. Small 
fhells of ivory, or hard wood, 
which dancers rattle in their hands. 

CASTAWAY, k'lll'-a-w.i. f. A 
perfon loll, or abandoned by pro- 

CAS TELL AIN,k'iftcT-l(:n. f. Con- 
liable of a callle. 

CAS TjiK, kii'-tur. f. A thrower, 



C A T 

he that cafts ; a calculator, a man 

that calculates fortunes. 
To CASTIGATE. i:as'-ii gate. v. a. 

Tochnftir?, to chailen, to punifli. 
C.ASTIGATiON, !<ir-ti'-giV-(hun. f. 

Penance, ililcipline; punilhment, 

correflion ; emendation. 
CASTIGATORY, ki,'.ilga-tur'-y. 

a. Punitive. 
CASTING-NET, kas'-u'ng-net. f. 

A net to be thrown into the watei 

by hand to catch fifh. 
CASTLE, kis'l. f. A boufe forti- 
fied; Caftles in the air, projefls 

without rcaliiy. 
C.^STLE SOAP, k.\f-ti'l-s6p. f. A 

kind of i'oap. 
CASTLED, kis'ld. a. Furnifiied 

with calUes. 
CASTLING, kaft'-ling. f. .An 

CASTOR, k.\.'-ii.'ir. f. A beaver. 
CASTOREUM,kas'-t6'-ryum. f. In 

pharmacy, a liquid matter inclofed 

in bags or purfes, near the anus 

of the cailor, falfely taken for his 

C--\STRAMETATION, kif-tra-me- 

ta'-lhun. f. The art or pradlice of 

To CASTR.VTE, kas'-trate. v. a. 

To geld ; to take away the obfcene 

parts of a v.riting. 
CASTR.-\T10N, kaf-tra-lhun. f. 

The aft of gelding. 
CASTERIL, J ,.,,., If. A mean 
CASTREL, J ^-""-tf"- I or dege- 
nerate kind of hawk. 
CASTRENSL'\N, kAf-tren'-fhin. a. 

BeIon<^ing to a camp. 
CASUAL, kaz'-ii-il. a. Accidental, 

arifing from chance. 
CASUALLY, k.'iz'-ii-al-y. ad. Ac- 
cidentally, without defign. 
CASUALNESS, ka^-u-al-nls. f. 

CASUALTY, kAz' f. Ac- 
cident, a thing happening by 

CASUIST, kaz'-u III. f. One that 

Audies and fettles cafes of confci- 

CASUISTICAL, kaz-u-Jb'-ti-kil. a. 

Relating to caies of conscience. 
CASUIbtRY, kiz'-u-if-lry. f. The 

fcience of a cafuill. 
CAT, k;'it'. f. A domeftick animal 

that catches mice. 
CAT, kk'. r A fort of fhip. 
C.\T O' NINE TAILS, kit-a- 

nl'ne-talz. f. A whip with nine 

C.^TACHRESIS, kit-a-kre-sis. f. 

The abufe of a trope, when the 

words are too far wreiled froni 

their native {ignificat'on ; as a voice 
beautiful to the ear. 

CATACHRESIiCAL, klt-a-krt.-'- 
tv-kal. a. Forced, far fetched. 

CATACLYSM, kat'-i-klizm. f. A 
deluge, an inundation. 

CAT.ICO.VIBS, kat-i-ko mz. f Sub- 
terraneous cavities for the burial of 
the dcid. 

CAIALEPSIS, k^t-a-lep'-sls. f. A 
difeafe, wherein the patient is with- 
out fenfe, and remains in the lame 
poilure in which the difeafe feizeth 

CATALOGUE, kat'-a-log. f. An 
enumeration of particulars, a liil. 

CATAMOUN'PAIN, kAt-a-mou'n- 
tin. f. A fierce animal, refem- 
bling a cat. 

CATAPHRACT, kit'-a-frakt. f. 
A hoifeman in complete armour. 

CATAPLASM, kat'-a-plazm. f. A 

C.-ITAPULT, kk'-J-pfilt. f. An en- 
gine ufed anciently to throw ftoncs. 

CATARACT,'-'i-rakt. f. A fall 
of water from on high, a cafcade. 

CATARACT, kit'-a-rakt. f. An 
infpiflation of the crylTilline hu- 
mour of the eye ; fometinies a pel- 
licle that hinders the fi^ht. 

CATARRH, ki-tar'. f. A de3uc- 
tion of a fhaip ferum from the 
glands about the head and throat. 

C.VTARRHAL. ki-t.\r'-ral. J 

C.VTARRHOUS, k.i-tar'-rLis. J ^' 
Relating to the catarrh, proceeding 
from a catarrh. 

CA'TASTROPHE, ki-t3,'-tr6-fe. f. 
'The change or revolution which 
produces the conclulion or final 
event of a dramatick piece j. a final 
event, generally unhappy. 

CATC.AL, kat'-kil. f. A fqueaking 
inllrument, ufed in the playhoufe 
to condemn plays. 

To CATCH, kitlh'. v. a. Pret. 
and part. p. Caught. To lay 
hold on with the hand ; to flop 
any thing flying ; to feize any thing 
by purfuit; to flop, to interrupt 
falling; to enfnare, to intangle in 
a fnare ; to receive fuddenly ; to 
fallen fuddenly upon, to feize ; to 
pleafe, to fcize the afFedions, to 
charm; to receive any contagion 
or difeafe. 

To CATCH, k.'alh'. v. n. To be 
contagious, to fpread infeftion. 

CA'TCH, k.'.tfl.'. f. Seizure, the 
RkX of feizing; the a£l of taking 
quickly; a fong lung in fuccelTion; 
watch, the poilure of feizing ; an 
advantage taken, hold laid on ; 
the thing caught, pro£t; a Ihort 

interval of adion ; a taint, a flighn 
contagion ; any thing that catches, 
as a hook ; a imall iwift failing 
CATCHER, kit'lh-'u. f. He that 
catches ; that in which any thing 
is caught. 
C.ATCHFLY, kat'lh-fly. f. A plant, 

CATCHPOLL, kat'lh-pol. f. A 
ferjeant, a bumbailift'. 

CAl CHVVORD.kat'ih-wurd. f. Tha 
word at the corner of the page un- 
der the lail line, which is repeated 
at the top of the next page. 

CATECHETICAL, kive-ket'-f- 
kal. a. Corfuiing of queilions and 

CATECHETICALLY, kat-e-ke-.'- 
y-kal-)'. ad. In the way of quef- 
tion and an fiver. 

To CATECHISE, kat'-e-kize. v. a. 
To inftruft by f.ficing queliions ; to 
quellion ; to interrogate, to exa- 

CATECHISER, kat'-£-k!-zur. f. 
One who catechifes. 

CATECHISM, kAi'-e-kizm. f. A 
form of inftruftion by means of 
quellions and anAvers, concerning 

CATECHIST, kat'-e-h'ft. f. One 
whole charge is to quellion the un- 
inllrudled concerning religion. 

CATEGHU-\IEN, kit-e-ku'-men. 0. 
One who is yet in the hrll rudi- 
ments of Chrillianity. 

raen'-y-kal. a. Belonging to the 

a. Abfolute, adequate, pofitive. 

CATEGORICALLY, kat-e-gV-lk- 
il-v. ad. Pofitively, exprefsly.. 

CATEGORY, kat'-e-gur-ry. f. A 
clafs, a rank, an order of ideas, 

C.\TENARI.AN, kat-e-na'-ryin. a. 
Relating to a chain. 

To CATENATE, kat'-e-nate. v. a. 
To chain. 

CATENATION, kit-e-nu-Mn. f. 
Link, regular connexion. 

To CATER, k'l'-tur. v. n. To pro- 
vide food, to buy in viftuals. 

CATER, k.\'-tur. f. The four of 
cirJs and dice. 

CATER-COUSIN, ka-tar-kuz'n. f. 
A petty favourite, one related by 
blood or mind. 

CATERER, ki'-t5-rur. f. The pro- 
vidore or purveyor. 

CATERESS, k:l'-tc-res. f. A wo- 
man employed to provide virtual;, 

CATERPILLAR, kac'-tor-pIl-bAr. f. 
A worci 


A worm iuftained by leaves and 

fruits ; a plant. 
To CATERWAUL, kai'-ter-wal. 

V. n. To make .1 noife as cats in 

rutting time ; to make any often- 

five or odious noife. 
GATES, kats, f. Viands, food, 

difli of meat. 
CATFISH, kat'-nih. f. A fea-fifli 

in the Weft Indies. 
CATHARTICAL,ka-i}-.a'r-iI-kil. ) 
CATHARTICK, ka-iha'r-tlk. I 

a. Purgative. 
CATHARTICK, ka-il.i'r-tlk. f. A 

medicine to purc;e downward. 
CATHARTICALNESS, ka-thi'r-ti- 

kal-nis. f. Purging quality. 
CATHEAD, kat'-hed. i. In aftiip, 

a piece of timber with two fliivers 

at one end, having a rope and a 

block; a kind of fofllle. 
CATHEDRAL, ka-the'-drel. a. Epif- 

copal, containing the lee of a bi- 

fhop ; belonging to an epifcopal 

CATHEDRAL, ki-tW-drel. f. The 

head church of a diocefe. 
CATHERINE-PEAR, kaill"-e-rin- 

pe'r. f. See Pear. 
CATHETER, ka-thc'-tur. f. A hol- 
low and fomewhat crooked inftru- 

ment, to thruft into the bladder, 

to affift in bringing away the urine, 

when the pail'age is ftopped. 
CATHOLES, kai'-holz. f. In a 

fhip, two little holes aftern above 

the gun-room ports. 
CATHOLICISM, ki-ihcM'-i-sizm. f. 

Adherence to the catholick church. 
C.VniOLICK, k'ah'-6-lik. a. Uni- 

verfal or general. 
CATHOLICON, ka-thol'-i-kon. f. 

An univerlal medicine. 
CATKINS, kat'-k!nz. f. Imper- 

fei\ flowers hanging from trees, in 

manner of a rope or cat's tail. 
CATLING, k.Ai'-Ung. u A dif- 

membering knife, ufed by fur- 

geons ; catgut, fiddle llrings. 
C.A'I'MINT, ki'it'-inlnt. f. The name 

of a plant. 
C.VrOPTRICAL, katop'-tri-kal. a. 

Relating to the caioptricks, or vi- 

fion by reflection. 
CWTOPTRICKS, katop'-tiiks. f. 

That part of opticks which treats 

of vifion by refledion. 
CATPIPE, kit'-pipe. f. CatcaL 
C.\T'S-EYE, kAt's-L f. A ftone. 
CATS-l'OOT, k:\t's-fut. f. An 

herb, alehoof, groundivy. 
CAl'S-HKAD, kai's-hcd. f. A 

kind of apple. 
CA TSILVER, kat'-sil-vur. f. A kind 

(if foffile. 


CAT'S-TAIL, kat's-lal. f. Along 
rpund fubftance, that_^rows upon 
nut-trees; a kind of reed. 

CATSUP, kat'fti-up. f. A kind of 

CATTLE, kai'l. f. Beafts of paf-. 
ture, not wild nor domeftick. 

CAVALCADE, kav-il-kade. f. A 
proceflion on horfeback. 

CAVALIER, kav-^-lc'r. f. A horfc- 
man, a knight; a gay fprightly 
military man ; the appellation of 
the parly of i;ing Charles the lirft. 

CAVALIER, kav-a-le'r. a. Gay, 
fprightly, warlike ; generous, brave; 
diidainful, haughty, 

CAVALIERLY, kiv-i-lc'r-l)'-. ad. 
Haughtily, arrogantly, difdainful- 


CAVALRY, k'lv'-al-ry. f. Horfe 

To CAVATE, ku'-vate. v. a. To 

CAVAZION, ki-va-zhun. f. The 
hollowing of the earth for cellar- 

CAUDLE, ka'dl. f. A mixture of 
wine and other ingredients, given 
to women in childbed. 

CAVE, ka've. f. A cavern, a den ; 
a hollow, arv hollow place. 

CAVEAT, ka'-vyit. f. A caveat 
is an intimation given to fome or- 
dinary or ecclefialUcal judge, noti- 
fying to him, that he ought to be- 
ware how he afts. 

CAVERN, kav'-i'im. f. A hollow 
place in the ground. 

CAVERNED, kav'-i'irnd. a. Full 
of caverns, hollow, excavated ; in- 
habiting a cavern. 

CAVERNOUS, kav'-ijr-nis. a. Full 
of caverns. 

CAVESSON, kav'-ef-fiin. f A nofe- 

CAUF, ka f. f. A chcft with holes, 
to keep fifti alive in the water. 

CAUGHT, ka't. part. paff. from 
To Catch 

CAVIARE, k^v^'r. f. The eggs 
of a llurgecn falted. 

To CAVIL, kav'-ll. v.n. To raife 
ciptious and frivolous objeftions. 

To CAVIL, kav'-Il. V. a. To re- 
ceive or treat with objcftions. 

CAVIL, kav'-JI. f. A falfc or fri- 
volous objeflion. 

CAVILLATION, k;\v-!l-l.V-nu'in. 
f. The difpofition to make cap- 
tious objedlion. 

CAVILLER, kiv'-vil-iir. f. An 
unfair advcrfary, a captious dilpu- 

CAVILLINGLY, k.\v'-il-llng-ly. 
ad. In a cavilling manner. 



CAVILLOUS, kiv'-vll-lus. a. Full 
of oliJ6(flion£. 

CAVITY, kiv'-i-t^. f. Hollownefs, 

CAUK, ki'k. f. A coarfe talky fpar. 

C-AUL, ka'l. i". The net in which 
women inclofe their hair, the hin- 
der part of a woman's cap; any 
k.ind of finall net ; the integument 
in which the guts are inclofed ; a 
thin membrane inclofing the head 
of fome children when born. 

C.'iULIFEROUS, ki-lif-fe-r6s. a. 
A term for fuch plants as have a 
true llalk. 

CAULIFLOWER, kil'-ly-flow-ur. 
f. A ipccies of cabbage. 

To CAULK. See Calk. 

CAUSABLE, ka-z;\bi. a. That 
which may be caufed. 

C.-^USAL, ka'-zal. a. Relating to 

CAUSALITY, ka-zil'-Lty. f. The 
agency of a caufe, the quality of 

CAUSATION, ka-za'-lhun. f. The 
aft or power of cauling. 

CAUSAllVE, ka-za-t!v. a. That 
exprefies a caufe or reafon. 

CAUSA'LOR, ka-zi'-tiJr. f. A cau- 
fcr, an author. 

CAUSE, k.iz. f. That which pro- 
duces or cffecls any thing, the effi- 
cient ; the reafon, motive to any 
thing ; I'ubjeft of litigation ; party. 

To CAUSE, kaz. V. a. To efted 
as an agent. 

CAUSELESLY,k:Vz-lif-l)'. ad. With- 
out caufe, without reafon. 

CAUSELESS, k;Vz-lis. a. Origi- 
nal to itlelf; without juft ground 
or motive. 

CAUSER, k:V-ziir. f He that caufes, 
the agent by which an effedt is pro- 

CACsEY. 7 , v.. , 3 f. A 

CAUSEWAY, \ ^■'^-'''''- i way 
raifed and paved, above the rell of 
the ground. 

CAUSTICAL, k;Vf-ty-kal. )a. Ee- 

CAUSTICK, ka'f-tlk. i long- 

ing to medicaments which, by their 
violent activity and heat, dcltroy 
the texture of the pni t to which 
they are applied, and burn it into 
an efthar. 

CAUSTICK, kaf-tTc. f. A cauf- 
tick or burning application. 

CAUTEL, ka'-t61. f Caution, 

CAUFELOUS, ka'-ic-K'is. a. Cau- 
tious, waiv ; wily, cunning. 

.C.AUTELOUSLY' k.V-iMuf-Iy ad. 
Cunningly, ilily, cautioufly, wa- 
^ CAU- 




CAUTERIZATION, ka-iJ-rl-2a'- 
/hun. 1'. The ait of burning with 
hoc irons. 
To CAUTERIZE, ka'-ie-rize. v. a. 

To bcrn with the cautery. 

CAUTERY, ki'-iJ-.-j'-. f. Cautery 

is either afl'jal or potential ; the 

firft is burning by a hot iron, and 

the latter with caiiflick medicines. 

CAUTION', k;i' (hun. f. Prudence, 

forefigiu, warinefs j provifionary 

precept ; warning. 

To CAUTION, ka'-(hun. v. a. To 

warn, to give notice of a danger. 

CAUTIONARY, ka'-fho-ner-y. a. 

Given 3s a pledge, or in. fecurity. 

CAUTIOUS, ka'-lhus. a. Wary, 

CAUTIOUSLY, ka-Mf-Iy. ad. In 

a wary manner. 
CAUTIOUSNESS, ki'-lhuf-nls. f. 
Watchfulnefs, vigilance, circum- 
To CAW, k.i'. V. n. To cry as the 

rook, or crow. 
CAYMAN, ka-min. f. American 

alligator or crocodile. 
To CEASE, ie'fe. v. n. To leave 
off, to flop, to give over ; to fail, 
to be exriiiCl ; to be at an end. 
To CEASE, feTe. v, a. To put a 

flop to. 
CEASE, fe'fe. f. E.xtinftion, fai- 
lure. Obf. 
CEASELESS, fef-lis. a. Inceflant, 

perpetual, continual. 
CECITY, fe -sit y. f. Blindnefs, 

privation of fight. 
CECUTIENSY, fe ku-fh^n-f;^. f. 

Cloudinefs of fight. 
CEDAR, fe'-di'ir. f A tree; the 

wood of the cedar tree. 
To CEDE, fe'd. V. a. To yield, to 

refign, to give up to another. 
CEDRINE, fc-drine. a. Of or be- 
longing to the ced.^r tree. 
To CEIL, fe'i. V. a. To overlay, or 
cover the inner roof of a building. 
CEILING, ie'-ling.f.Theinner roof. 
CEL.ANDINE, lei'-in-dine. f. A 

CELATURE, fd'-la-ture. f. The 

art of engraving. 
To CELEBRATE, fel'-IS-brate. v. a. 
To praife, to Commend ; to dif- 
ting'jifti by folemn rites ; to men- 
tion in a fet or folemn manner. 
CELEBRATION, fcl-e-bri'-n-,vin. f. 
Solemn performance, folemn re- 
membrance ; praife, renown, me- 
CELEBRIOUS, fe-le'-bryus. a. Fa- 
mous, renowned. 
CELEBRIOUSLY, fe-I^'-bryuf-ly. 
ad. In a famous manner. 

CELEBRIOUSNESS, fa-l^'-br>ir- 

nis. f. Renown, fame. 
CELEBRITY, fe-leb'-bri-ty. f. Ce- 
lebration, fame. 
CELERIACK, )e-!^'-ryak. a. Tur- 

nep-rooted celery. 
CELERITY, fc-Ier'-rl-ty. f. Swift- 

nefs, fpeed, velocity. , 

CELERY, fel'-e-r)"'. f. A fpecies 

of parfley. 
CELESTIAL, fe-les'-tfual. a. Hea- 
venly, relating to the fuperior re- 
gions ; heavenly, relating to the 
biclTed (late ; heavenly, with re- 
fpeifl to excellence. 
CELESTIAL, fc-les'-tfhal. f. An 

inhabitant of heaven. 
CELESTIALLY, fe-les'-tflial-ly. ad. 

In a heavenly manner. 
To CELESTIPY, fe-les'-t!-fy. v. a. 
To give fomething of heavenly na- 
ture to any thing. 
CELIACK, fc'-lyak. a. Relating 

to the lower belly. 
CELIBACY, fel'-y-ba-fy. f. Single 

CELIB.ATE, fe!'-y-bat. f. Single 

CELL, fel'. r. A fmall cavity or 
hollow place; the cave or little ha- 
bitation of a religious perfon ; a 
fmall and clofe apartment in a 
prifon ; any fmall place of refi- 
CELLAR, fel'-lur. f. A place un- 
derground, where ftores are repo- 
fited ; where liquors are kept. 
CELLARAGE, fel'-lar-idzh. f. The 
part of the building which makes 
the cellars. 
CELLARIST, fel'-Ja-rlft. f. The 

butler in a religious houfe. 
CELLULAR, fei'-lu-ler. a. Con- 

fiiling of little cells or cavities. 
CELSirUDE,fei'-fj'-t&de.f Height. 
CEMENT, fem'-ment. f. The mat- 
ter with which two bodies are made 
to cohere; bond of union in friend - 
To CEMENT, fe-ment'. v. a. To 
unite by means of fomething inter- 
To CEMENT, fe-ment'. V. n. To 

come into conjunfton, to cohere. 
CEMENTATION, fi-men-ta'-lhun. 

f. The aft of cementing. 
CEMENTER, fe-n-cn'-tiir. f. A 
perfon or thing that unite; in fo- 
CEMETERY, fem'lme-ier-if. f. A 
place where the dead are repofited. 
CENATORY, f^'-na-tur-y. a. Re- 
lating to fupper. 
CENOBITIC.AL, fe'-n6 bii"-l-kal. 
a. Living in community. 

CENOTAPH, ftn'-o-taf. f. A mo- 
nument for one elfewhere buried. 
CENSE, fen'fe. f. Publick rates. 
To CENSE, fen'fe. v. a. To per- 
fume with odours. 
CENSER, fen'-fer. f. The pan ia 

which incenfe is burned. 
CENSION, fen'-fyun. f. A rate, an 

CENSOR, fir.'-fur. f. An officer 
of Rome who had the power of 
correcting manners ; one who is 
given to cenfure. 
CENSORIAL, fen-fo-ryan. a. Re- 
lating to the cenfor. 
CENSORIOUS, fen-lo'-ryus. a. Ad- 

difted to cenfure, fevere. 
CENSORIOUSLY, fen-fo-ryuf-ly-. 
ad. In a fevere refleding manner. 
CENSORIOUSNESS, fen-fo-ryuf- 

nis. f. Difpofition to reproach. 
CENSORSHIP, fen'-fur-lhip. f. The 

office of a cenfor. 
CEXSUR.ABLE, fen'-fu-rabL a. 

Worthy of cenfure, culpable. 
CENSURABLENESS, fen'-fu-rabl- 

ni5. f. Blameablenefs. 
CENSURE, Icn'-lhur. f. Blame, 
repriaiand, reproach ; judgment, 
opinion ; judicial fentence; fpiri- 
tual punilhment. 
To CENoURE, fen'-Mr. v. a. To 
blame, to brand publickly ; to 
CENSURER, fen'-fhur-ur. f. He 

that blames. 
CENT, fent'. f. A hundred, as five 
per cent, that is, five in the hun- 
CENTAUR, fen'-tar. f. A poetical 
being, fuppofed to be compounded 
of a man and a horfe ; the archer 
in the zodiack, 
CENTAURY, fen'-to-ry. f. A 

CENTENARY, fea'-te-ner-y. f. The 

number of a hundred. , 
CENTESIMAL, fen',tis'-i-mal. f. 

CENTIFOLIOUS, fen'-t^-fo'-ly6s. 

a. Having a hundred leaves. 
CENTIPEDE, fen'-ty-plde. f. A 

poifonous infe^. 
CENTO, fen'-l6. f. A compofition 
formed by joining fcraps from dif-* 
ferent author; . 
CENTRAL, fcn'-tral. a. Relating 

to the centre. 
CENTRE, fen'-tur. f. The middle. 
To CENTRE, fAn'-t&r. v. a. To 
place on a centre, to fix- as on a 
centre. ♦ 

To CENTRE, fen'-ttr. v. n. To 
reft on, to repofe on ; to be placed 
in the midll or centre. 





CENTRICK, fcn'-trJk. a. Placed 

in the centre. 
CENTRIFUGAL, fcn-triLu-gM. a 

Having the quality acquired by 

hodies in motion, of receding from 

the centre. 
CENTRIPETAL, f6n-tr!p'-^ti!. a. 

Having a tendency to the centre, 
GENTRY, fen'-try. f. SeeStNTi- 


CENTUPLE, fen'-tupl. a. An hun- 

To CENTUPLICATE. f^n-ti'-pK'-- 
kate. V. a. To make a hundred- 

To CENTURL\TE, f^n-tiV-ryate. 
V. a. To divide into hundreds. 

CENTURIATOR, ien-iu-ry-i'-u'ir. 
f. A name given to hillorians, 
who diflinguilh timts by centuries. 

CENTURION, fen-tu'-ryun. f. A 
military officer, who commanded a 
hundred men among the Romans. 

CENTURY, len'-tii-ry. f. An hun- 
dred, ufuaily employed to fpecify 
time, as the fecond century. 

CEPHALALGY, kif'-i-lil-j^. f. 
The headach. 

CEPHALICK, fe-fal'-llk. a. That 
which is medicinal to the head. 

CERASTES, fe-ras'-tez. f. A fer- 
pent having horns. 

CERATE, ie'-rit. f. A medicine 
made of wax. 

CERATED, Ic'-ra-ii'd. a. Waxed. 

To CERE, fe're. v. a. To wax. 

CEREBEL, fer'-c-bel. f. Part of 
(he brain. 

CERECLOTH, fe're-clith. f. Cloth 
fmeared over with glutinous mat- 

CEREMENT, fe're-ment.f. Cloath.^; 
dipped in melted wax, with which 
dead bodies were infolded. 

CEREMONIAL, fer-c-mo'-nyal. a. 
Relating to ceremony, or outward 
rite ; formal obfervant of old forms. 

CEREMONIAL, fer-e-mo-nyal. f 
Outward form, external rite; the 
order for rites and forms in the Ro- 
man church. 

nyal-nis. f. The quality of being 

CEREMONIOUS, f^r-c-miV-nyu^. 
a. Confining of outward rites ; 
full of ceremony; attentive to the 
outward riles of religion ; civil and 
formal to a fault. 

nyif-l^. ad. In a ceremonious 
manner^ formally. 

nyuf-nls. f. Fondncfs of cere- 

CEREMONY, {hr'-i-mm^-^. f. Out- 
ward rite, external form in reli- 
gion ; forms of civility; outward 
forms of Itate. 

CEROTE, fer'-rat. f See Ce- 

CERTAIN, f^r'-ti'n. a. Sure, in- 
djibitable ; determined ; in an in- 
definite fenfe, fome, as a certain 
man uold me this; undoubting, put 
part doubt. 

CERTAINLY, ftr'-tln-l^. ad. In- 
dubitably, without quellion ; with- 
out fail. 

CERTAINTY, f^r'-li'n-t)'-. f. Ex- 
emption from doubt ; that which 
is real and fixed. 

CERTES, fer'-tcz. ad. Certainly, 
in truth. 

CERTIFICATE, f^r-l{f-I-k6t. f 
A writing made in any court, to 
give notice to another court of any 
thing done therein ; any tellimony. 

To CERTIFY, fer'-t!-f)''. v. a. To 
give certain information of ; to give 
certain afl"jrance of. 

CERTIORARI, fer-fhi-ra'-rL f. A 
writ ilTuing out of the chancery, to 
call up the records of a caufe there- 
in depending. 

CERTITUDE, fer'-tl-tude. f. Cer- 
tainty, fieedom from doubt. 

CERVICAL, fer'-vi-kal. a. Be- 
longing to the neck. 

CERULEAN,'-lyJn. )a.Blue, 

CERULEOUS, le-ru-lyiis. J Iky- 

CERULIFICK.f^ri.-lifik. a. Hiv- 
ing the power to produce a blue 

CERUMEN, fs-nV men. f. The 
wax of the ear. 

CERUSE, fcr'-ufe. f. White lead. 

CESARIAN, fc-za'-ryan. a. The 
Cefarian feflion is cutting a child 
out of the womb. 

CESS, fcs'. f. A levy made upon 
the inhabitants of a place, rated 
according to their property; an af- 
fclTnient ; the aft of laying rates. 

To CESS, fes'. V. a. To lay charge 
on, to affefs. 

CESSATION, fef-fa'-fl)un. f. A 
Hop, a reft, a vacation ; a paufe 
ofhoftility, without peace. 

CESSAVri', fif-fa'-vh. f. A writ. 

CESSIblLITY, fef-sl-bJl'-I-ty. f 
The quality of receding, or giving 

CESSIBLE, fis'-sibl. a. Eafy to 
give way. 

CESSION, fcs'-lhun. f. Retreat, 
the aft of i;i\ ing way ; refignation. 

CESSIONARY, (ci'-fho-nir-y. a. 
Implying a refignaiion. 

CESSMENT, fes'-ment. f. An af- 
felfment or tax. 

CESSOR, fes'-fiir. f. He that ceaf- 
cth or neglefteth fo long to perform 
a duty belonging to him, as that 
he incurreth the danger of law. 

CESTUS, fes'-tus. f. The girdle of 

CETACEOUS, fd-ta'-fliiis. a. Of 
the whale kind. 

CHAD, t(h;\d'. f. A fort of fifli. 

CHACE. See Chase. 

To CHAFE, tftia'fe. v. a. To warm 
with rubbing; to heat; to per- 
fume ; to make angry. 

To CHAFE, tlha'fe. v. n. To rage, 
to fret, to fume; to fret againll 
any thing. 

CHAFE, tlliafe. f. A heat, a rage, 
a fury. 

CHAFE WAX, tlhafe-waks. f. An 
officer belonging to the lord high 
chancellor, who fits the wax for 
the fealing of writs. 

CHAFER, t(haf'-ur. f. An infeft ; 
a fort of yellovv beetle. 

CHAFF, liliaf. f The hulks of 
corn that are feparatcd by thrtfh- 
ing and winnowing; it is ufed for 
any thing worthlefs. 

To CHAFFER, tdiaf'-fur. v. n. To 
haggle, to bargain. 

CHAFFERER, ifliif'-f6r-rur. f. A 
buyer, bargainer 

CHAFFINCH, tiliaf'.flntfh. f A 
bird fo called, becaufe it delights 
in chaff. 

CHAFFLESS, tlhaf'-lls. a. With- 
out ch^fF. 

CHAFFWEED, t(haf'-weJ, f. Cud- 

CHAFFY, t(hdf'-f^ a. Like chaff, 
full of chafF. 

CHAFFINGDISH, t(ha'-flng-d{(h. 
f. A vefl'el to make .iny thing hot' 
in ; a portable grate for coals. 

CHAGRIM, Dia gre'n. f. Ill hu-' 
mour, vexation. 

To CHAGRIN, Ihi-gr^'n. v. a. To 
vex, to put out of temper. * 

CHAIN, tfhan. f A feries of links 
faftened dnewithinanother; abond,' 
a manacle, a fetter ; a line of links 
with which land is meafured; a' 
feries linked together. 

To CHAIN, tlha'n. v. a. To faflen 
or link with a chain ; to bring into 
flavery ; to put on -T chain ; to unite. 

CHAINFUMP, tlha'n-piimp. f. A 
pump ufed in large Engliih ve/fels, 
which is double, fo that one rifcs 
as the other falls. 

CHAINSHOr, tfha'n-fhot. f. Two 
bullets or half bullets, faftened to- 
gether bfy a chain, which, when 




they fly open, cut away whatever 

is before them. 
CHAINWORK, tftii'n-wurk. f.Work 

with open fpaces. 
CHAIR, t!l a'r. f. A moveable feat ; 

a feat of juilice, or of authority ; a 

vehicle born by men, a fedan. 
CHAIRMAN, tn-ia'r-man. f. The 

prefidentof an affembly ; onewhofe 

trade it is to carry a chair. 
CHAISE, iTiaze. f. A carriage of 

pleafure drawn by one hnrfe. 
CHALCOGRAi'HER, kal-kog'-gra- 

fur. f. An engraver in brafs. 
CHALCOGRAPHY, kal-kiSg'-gra- 

fy. f. Engraving in brafs. 
CHALDRON. ) ,^,, , ,„ ( f. A 
CHAUDRON,[ tfha-drun. ^ ^^^ 

Englifh meafure of coals, confining 
of thirty-fi.\' bulliels heaped up. 
The chaudron fiiould weigh two 
thoufand pounds. 

CHALICE, tftai'-is. {. A cup, a 
bowl, a communion cup, a cup 
ufed in ads of worfhip. 

CHALICED, tfliii'-IItt. a. Having 
a cell or cup. 

CHALK, tOia'k. f. A white foflile, 
ufually reckoned a rtone, but by 
fome ranked among the boles. 

To CHALK, tlha'k. v. a. To rub 
with chalk ; to manure with chalk; 
to mark or trace out as with chalk. 

CHALK-CUTTER, t(hak-kut-tur. 
f. A man that digs chalk. 

CHALKY, tflia-ky. a. Confiding 
of chalk, white with chalk ; im- 
pregnated with chalk. 

To CHALLENGE, tfiial'-linje. v. a. 
To tall another to anfwer for an 
offence by combat ; to call to a 
contell; toaccufe; inlaw, to ob- 
jeft to the impartiality of any one ; 
to claim as due ; to call one to the 
performance of conditions. 

CHALLENGE, tdial'-linje. f. A 
fummons to combat ; a demand of 
fomething as due ; in law, an ex- 
ception taken either againll perfons 
or things. 
CH.\LLENGER, tfhal'-Hn jur. f. 
One that defires or fummons an- 
other to combat ; one that claims 
fuperiority ; a claimant. 
CHALYBEAIE, ka-ly'-byet. a. 

Impregnated with iron cr Itee!. 
CHAMADE, l>i.'i-ma'J. f. The 
beat of the drum which declares a 
CHAMBER, tfham'-bur. f. An a- 
partment in a hcufe, generally ufed 
for thole appropriated to lodging ; 
any retired room; any cavity or 
hollow ; a court of juftice ; the hol- 
low part of a gun where the charge 

is lodged ; the cavity where the 
powder is lodged in a mine. 
To CHAMBER, tlham'-biir. v. n. 
To be wanton, to intrigue ; to re- 
fide as in a chamber. 
CHAMBERER, tllia'm-bur ur. f. A 

man of intrigue. 
CHAMBERFELLOW, tllia'm-bur- 
fel-I6. f. One that lies in the fame 
CHAMBERLAIN, tmi'm-bur-IIn. f. 
Lord great chamberlain of Eng- 
lain is the fixth officer of the crown ; 
lord chamberlain of the houfehold 
has the overfight of all officers be- 
longing to the king's chambers, 
except the precinftof the bedcham- 
ber ; a fervant who has the care of 
the chambers. 
lin-fiiip. f. The office of a cham- 
CHAMBERMAID, t(ha'm-bur-mad. 
f. A maid whofe bufinefs is todrefs 
a lady. 
CHAMBREL of a horfe, kam'-ril. 
f. The joint or bending of the 
upper part of the hinder leg. 
CHAMELEON, ki-me'-lyun. f. A 
kind of lizard, faid to live on 
CHAMLET, kim'-Ht. f. See Ca- 
me l o t . 
CHAMOIS, M-moI'. f. An ani- 
mal of the goat kind. 
CHAMOMILE, kam'-o-mile. f. 
The name of an odoriferous plant. 
To CHAMP, tfhamp'. v. a. To 
bite with a frequent aftion of the 
teeth ; to devour. 
To CHAMP, tlhamp'. v. n. To 
perforni frequently the adlion of 
CHAMPAIGN, fhim-pa'ne. f. A 

kind of wine. 
CHAMPAIGN, tfham-pi'n. f. A 

flat open country. 
CHAMPIGNON, Ihom-pln'-nyon. 

f. A kind of muihroom. 
CHAMPION, tlham'-pyun. f. A 
man who undertakes a caufe in 
iingie combat ; a hero, a flout war- 
To CHAMPION, tdiam'-pyun. v. a. 

To challenge. 
CHANCE, tihinTe. f. Fortune, the 
caufe of fortuitous events ; the 
of fortune ; accident ; cafual oc- 
currence, fortuitous event, v;hether 
good or bad; pollibility of any oc- 
To CHANCE, tftinTe. v. n. To 

happen, to fall out. 
CHANCE-MEDLEY, tfhinfe-med'- 
ly. f. 1q law, the cafual daugh- 

ter of a man, not altogether with- 
out the fault of the flayer. 

CHANCE ABLE, tlhin'-fabl. a. Ac- 

CHANCEL, t(han'-fel. f. The eaft- 
ern part of the church in which the 
altar is placed. 

CHANCELLOR, tlhan'-fel-lur. f. 
A.n officer of the higheft power and 
dignity in the court where he pre- 

CHANCELLORSHIP, tfhan'-fel- 
lur-iliip. f. The office of chancel- 

CHANCERY, t(hin'-fer-^. f. The 
court of equity and conlcience. 

CHANCRE, (hank'-iir. f. An ulcer 
ufually arifing from venereal mala- 

CHANCROUS, fhink'-rus. a. Ul- 

CHANDELER, ihan-de-le'r. f. A 
branch for candles. 

CHANDLER, tfliand'-liir. f. Aa 
artifan whofe trade is to make can- 

To CH.ANGE, tlha'nje. v. a. T« 
put one thing in the place of an- 
other ; to refign any thing for the 
fake of another ; to difcount a lar- 
ger piece of money into feveral 
Imaller ; to give and take recipro- 
cally ; to alter; to mend the dif- 
pofition or mind. 

To CHANGE, tlha'nje. v. n. To 
undergo change, to fuffer altera- 

CHANGE, tlha'nje. f. An altera- 
tion of the ilate of any thing ; a 
fuccefiion of one thing in the place 
of another ; the time of the moon 
in which it begins a new monthly 
revolution; novelty; an alteration 
of the order in which a fet of bells 
is founded ; that which makes a 
variety ; fmall money. 
jeifl to change, fickle, inconftant ; 
poffible to be changed ; having the 
quality of exhibiting different ap- 
CHANGEABLENESS, tiha'nje-ebl- 
ris. f. Sufceptibility of change ; 
inconftancy, ficklenefs. 
CHANGEABLY, tlhanje-eb-ly. ad. 

CHANGEFUL, tflia'nje-fal. a. In- 

ccnftant, uncertain, mutable. 
CHANGELING, tlha'nje-IIng. f. A 
child left or taken in the place of 
another; an idiot, a natural ; one 
apt to change. 
CHANGER, tlha'n-jur.' f. One th.u 
is employed in changing or dif- 
counting money. 

■ Ivl t CHAN- 

C H A 


C H A 

CHANNEL, tflian'-nj'l, f. The hol- 
Jow bed of running waters ; any 
cavity drawn longways ; a llrait or 
narrow fea ; a gut or furrow of a 

ToQHANNEL, t(han'-n!l. v. a.. To 
cut anv thing in channels. 

To CHANT, tlhaiit'. V. a. Tofing; 
to celebrate by fong ; to fing in the 
cathedral fervice. 

To CHANT, tfliinV. v. n. Tofing. 

CHANT, tfiiant'. f. Song, melodv. 

CHANTER, tlhan'-tiir. f. A finger, 
a fongller. 

CHAN'l'lCLEER, tlhA,i'-iy-k!er. f. 
The cock, from his cron'. 

CHANTRESS, tflian'-trls f. A wo- 
man finger. 

CHANTRY, tMn'-try. f. Chantry 
is a church endowed with revenue 
for priefts, to fing mafs for the 
fouls of the donors. 

CHAOS, ki'-6s. f. The mafs of 
matter fuppofed to be in confufion 
before it was divided by the crea- 
tion into its proper clrffles and ele- 
ments ; confufion, irregular mix- 
ture; any thing where the parts 
are undillinguirtied. 

CH.VOTICK, ka-ot'-tlk. a. Re- 
femUling chao?, confuied. 

To CHAP, tlhop'. V. a. To divide 
the furface of the ground by excef- 
five heat, to divide the flcin of the 
face or hands by exceifive cold. 

CHAP, tfhop'. f. A cleft, a gaping, 
a chink. 

CHAP, tdiop'. f. The upper or un- 
der part of a heart's mouth. 

CHAPE, tfha'pe. f. The catch of 
any thing by which it is held in its 

CHAPEL, tniip'-fl. f. A chapel is 
either adjoining to a church, as a 
paicel of the fame, or feparate, 
called a Chapel of eafe. 

CHAPELESS, tflia'pe-lis. a. With- 
out a chape. 

CHAPKLLANY, tniap'-pil-I^n-ny. 
f. Achapellany is founded within 
fome other church. 

CHAPELRY, t(hap'-pil-r^. f. The 
jurifditlion or bounds of a chapel. 

CHAPl'ALN, tniop'-'-''"- a- Hav- 
ing the mouth (hrunk. 

CHAPLAIN, tiliap'-Hn. f. He that 
attends the king, or other great 
perfon, to perform divine fervice. 

CHAPLAINSHIP, tn,.ip'-l!n-ftip. 
f. The office or bufinels of a chap- 
lain ; the pofleflion or revenue of 
a chapel. 

CH.iI'LESS, t(h('.p'-lis. a. With- 
out any flL-fh about the mouth. 

CHAPLET, tlhip'..llt. f. A gar- 

land or wreath to be worn about 
tiie head ; a ilring of beads ufed in 
the Komitli church ; in architec- 
ture, a little moulding curved into 
round heads. 

CHAFM.AN, tihap'-min. f. A cheap- 
ner, one that oiFers as a purcha- 

CHAPS, tfhop's- f. The mouth of 
a beall of prey; the entrance into 
a channel. 

CHAPT, ) ,,, , J part. palT. 

CHAPPED,! ''^'^P'- i Cracked, 

CHAPTER, tftip'-tur. f A divi- 
fion of a book ; an affembly of the 
clergy of a cathedral ; the place in 
which afl'emblies of the clergy are 

CHAPTREL, tMp'-trll. f. The 
capitals of pillars, or pilallers, 
which fupport arches. 

CHAR, tfha'r. f. A fi(h found only 
in Winander nieer in Lancafliire. 

To CHAR, tfhi'r. v. a. To burn 
wood to a black cinder. 

CHAR, tlha'r. f. Work done by 
the day. 

To CHAR, tfli'i'r. v. n. To work 
at other's houfcs by the day. 

CHAR-WOMAN, tlhi'r-wum-un. f. 
A woman hired accidentally for 
odd work. 

CHARACTER, kk'-ak-tur. f. A 
mark, a ilamp, a reprefentation ; 
a letter ufed in writing or printing; 
the hand or manner of writing ; a 
reprcftntation of any man as to hit 
perfonal qualities; an account ot 
any thing as good or bad ; the 
perfon with his aflemblage of qua- 

To CHARACTER, kar'-ik-lur. v. a. 
To inlcribe, to engrave. 


'ik-te-ii.^'-ti-kAI. ( 

lARACTERlSTICK, kir- ( ' 
dk-te-rib'-tik. J 


Conllituting or pointing out the 
true charafler. 

ak-te-rlb'-tl-kAI-nls. f. The qua- 
lity of being peculiar to a charac- 

ii>'-ilk. f. That which conllitutes 
the charafler. 

To CHARACTERIZE, k'lr'-Ak-ic 
lize. V. a. To give a charai^ter oi 
an account of the perfonal qualities 
of any man ; to engrave, or im- 
print ; to mark with a particulai 
Itainp or token. 

lis. a. Without a character. 

CHARACTERY, ki-rkk'-iirf. f. 
Impreflion, mark. 

CHARCOAL, tlha'r-kol. f. Coal 
made by burn in t; wood. 

CHARD, t(hird'.-f. Chards of ar- 
tichokes are the leaves of fair ar- 
lichcke plants, tied and wrapped 
up all over but the top, in ilraw ; 
Chards of beet are plants of white 
beet tranfplanted. 

To CHARGE, tlliaVje. v. a. To 
entruft, to commilTion for a certain 
purpofe ; to impute as a debt ; 
to impute; to impofe as a tafk ; 
to accufe, to cenfure ; to com- 
mand ; to fall upon, to attack; 
to burden, to load; to fill; to 
load a gun. 

CHARGE, tn.a'rj?. f. Care, trult, 
cuftody ; precept, mandate, com- 
mand ; commiflion, truft conferred, 
office ; accufation, imputation ; 
the thing entrurted to care or ma- 
nagement ; expiree, coll ; onfet, 
attack ; the lignal to fall upon ene- 
mies ; the quantity of powder and 
ball put into a gun ; a preparation 
or a fort of ointment applied to 
the Ihoulder-fplaits and fprains of 

CHARGEABLE, tfha'r-jabl. a. Ex- 
penfive, coftly ; imputable, as a 
debt or crime ; fubjeft to charge, 

CHARGEABLENESS, tfha'r-jabl- 
nis f. Evpence, cod, coftlinefs. 

CHARGEABLY, tfna'r-jab-lj^ ad. 

CHARGER, tftiar-jur. f. A large 
diih ; an officer's horfe. 

CHARILY, tiha'-iy-ly. ad. Wa- 
rily, frugally. 

CHARINESS, tfha' ry-nis. f. Cau- 
tion, nicety. 

CHARIOT, tffiar'-yut. f. A car- 
riage of pleafuie, or ftate; a car 
in which men of arms were ancient- 
ly placed. 

CHARIOTEER, tfhar-yi-teV. f. He 
that drives the chariot. 

CHARIOT RACE, tlharV-yit-rife. 
f. A fport where chariots were 
driven for the prize. 

CHARITABLE, tdiiVr-i-tabl. a. Kind 
in giving alms; kind in judging 
of others. 

CHARITABLY, tfliir'-I-tab-l^. ad. 
Kindly, liberally ; benevolent- 


CHARITY, tniar'-i-ty. f. Tender- 
nefs, kindnei's, love ; good will, 
benevolence; the theological vir- 
tue of univerfal love; liberality 
to the poor ; alms, relief given to 
the poor. 





To CHARK, tHia'rk. V. a. Toburn 
to a black cinder. 

CHARLATAN, nuVr-hi-tan. f. A 
quack, a moj-.ueb.Tnk. 

CHARLATANICAL, fluVr-la-tan'- 
y-kal. a. Qiiackifh, icjnoranc. 

CHARLATANRY, lhaV-U-ian-i>"-. 
f. Wheedling-, deceit. 

CH.ARLES'S-WAIN, tlhaVlz-Jz- 
wa'n. f. The northern conftella- 
tion, called the Bear. 

CHARLOCK, tllia'r-lik. f. A weed 
growinj among the corn with a 
yellow rtower. 

CHARM, tfl.a'rm. f. Words or 
philtres, imagined to have fome 
occult power; lomethiDg of power 
to gain the afieiflions. 

ToCHARM, tlha'rm. V. a. Tofor- 
tify with charms againll evil ; to 
make powerful by charms ; to fub- 
due by fome fecret power; to fub- 
due by pleafure. 

CHARMED, ifta'r-med. a. En- 

CHARMER, ffliaV-mur. f. One 
that has the power of charms, or 
enchantments; one that captivates 
the heart. 

CHARMING, tnia'r-ming. part. a. 
Pleafing in the highell degree. 

CHARMINGLY, tUii'r-mi'ng-l)"-. ad. 
In fuch a manner as to pleafe ex- 

CHARMINGNESS, tflia'r-ming-nis. 
f. The power of pleafing. 

CHARNEL, tflia'r-nil. a. Contain- 
ing flefh or carcafes. 

CHARN EL-HOUSE, tfli:Vr-nil-hous. 
f. The place where the bones of 
the dead are rcpofited. 

CHART, ka'rt or tihart. f. A deli- 
neation of coafts. 

CHARTER, tflia'r-tur. f. A char- 
ter is a written evidence ; any writ- 
ing bellowing privileges or rights ; 
privilege, immunity, exemption. 

ty. f. A paper relating to a con- 
iraft, of which each party has a 

CHARTERED, tQiar-turd. a. Pri- 

CHARY, tiha'-ry. a. Careful, cau- 

To CHASE, tfhaTe. v. a. To 
hunt; to purfue as an enemy; to 

CHASE. tdi.Vfe. f. Hunting, pur- 
fuit of r. ny thing as game; fitnefs 
to be hunted ; purfuitof an enemy ; 
purfuit of fomething as defirable ; 
hunting match ; the game hunted ; 
open ground iiored with fuch beafls 
as are hunted ; the Chafe of a gun. 

is the whole bore or lergth of a 

CHASE-GUN, tMTe-gin. f. Guns 
in the tore-part of the ftiip, lired 
upon thofe that are purfued. 

CHASER, tfh.V-rur. f. Hunter, pur- 
fuer, driver. 

CHASM, kaz'm. f. A cleft, a gap, 
an opening ; a place unfilled ; a 

CHASTE, tflia'ft. a. Pure from all 
commerce cf fexes ; pure, uncor- 
rupt, not mi\ed with barbarous 
phrafes; without obfcenity ; true 
to the marriage-bed. 

To L.HASTEN, tlha'ftn. v. a. To 
correft, to punilh. 

To CHASTISE, tftar-ti'ze. v. a. 
To punilh, to correA bv punifli- 
ment ; to reduce to order or obe- 

CHASTISEMENT, tfiias'-tiz-ment. 
f. CorreAion, punilhment. 

CHASTISER, tniaf-ti'-ziir. f. A 
puni/her, a corrector. 

CHASTTTY, tftias'-ti-ty. f. Purity 
of the body ; freedom from obfce- 
nity ; freedom from bad mixture of 
any kind. 

CHASTLY, tfhaft-Iy. ad. Without 
incontinence, purely, without con- 

CHASTNESS, tlhall-nls. f. Chaf- 
tity, purity. 

To CHAT, tlhat'. v. n. To prate, 
to talk idly ; to prattle. 

CHAT, tihit'. f. Idle talk, 

CHATELLANY, (hit'-tel-l^n-^ f. 
The djilriift under the dominion of 
a caftle. 

CHATTEL, tdiat'l. f. Any move- 
able pofledion. 

To CHATTER,'-tur. v. n. To 
make a noil'e as a pie, or other un- 
harmonious bird ; to make a noife 
by collifion of the teeth; to talk 
idly or careleflv. 

CHATTER, tfhat'-ti'ir. f. Noife 
like that of a pie or monkey ; idle 

CH.ATTERER, t(hit'-tcr-r6r. f. An 
idle talker. 

CHAVENDER, t(hiv'-in-di\r. f. The 
chub, a fifh. 

CHAUMENTELLE. (hO-mon-tel'. 
f. A lort of pear. 

To CHAW, tlha'. V. a. To malli- 
cate, to chew. 

CHAWDRON, tni.V-drun. f. En- 

CHEAP, tnic'p. a. To be had at 
a low rate ; eafy to be had, not 

To CHEAPEN. tllKpn. v. a. To 

attempt to purchafe, to bid for any 
thinj; ; to lefTcn value. 

CHEAPLY, tihc'p-1.^. ad. At a 
fmall price, at a lew rate. 

CHEAPNESS, tlhe'pnis. f. Low- 
nefi of price. 

CHEAR. See Cheer. 

To CHEAT, tlhe't. v. a. To de- 
fraud, to imoofe upon, to trick. 

CHE.VT, tllie't. f. A fraud, a trick, 
an impoHure ; a perfon guilty of 

CHEATER, tlhe'-tur. f. One that 
praifliles fraud. 

To CHECK, tlhek'. v. a. To re- 
prefi, to curb ; to reprove, to 
chide; to controul by a counter 

To CHECK, tftek'. v. n. To ftop, 
to make a ftop ; to claih. tr in, r- 

CHECK, tfhek'. f. Reprc/Ture, flop, 
rebuff"; reftraint, curb, govern- 
ment; reproof, a flight; in fal- 
conry, when a hawk forfakes her 
proper game to follow other birds ; 
the caufe cf rellraint, a ftop. 

To CHECKER, } .„_,,, , j v. a. 



To CHEQUER, f " ""' " J To 

variegate or diverfify, in the man- 
ner of a chefs-board, with alternate 

CHECKER-WORK, tfli^k'-^r-wiirk. 
f. Work varied alternately. 

CHECKM.ATE, tfti^k-mit'. f. The 
movement on the chefs-board, that 
puts an end to the game. 

CHEEK, tftic'k. f. The fide of the 
face below the eye ; ?. general name 
among mechar.icks for almoft all 
thofe pieces of their machines that 
are double. 

CHEEK-TOOTH, tfhek'-to'th. f. 
The hinder tooth or tufic. 

CHEER, tftie'r. f. Entertainment, 
provifions ; invitation to gayety ; 
gayety, jollity; air of the coun- 
tenance; temper of mind. 

To CHEER, tlhe'r. v. a. To incite, 
to encourage, to infpirit; to com- 
fort, toconfole, to gladden. 

To CHEER, ilhe'r. v. n. To grow 
gay or gladfome. 

CITEERER, tme'-rir. f. Gladner, 
giver of gayety. 

CHEERFUL, tiher'-fOI. a. Gay, 
full of life, full of mirth ; having 
an appearance of gayety. 

CHEERFULLY, tfti<5>'-ful-l^. ad. 
Without dejeiSlion, with gayety. 

CHEERtULNESS, t/her'-ful-i,i's. f. 
Freedom from dtjcflion, alacrity ; 
freedom from sloominefs. 

CHEERLESS, tfher-lis. a. With- 
out gayety, comfort, or giadnef-,. 




CHEERLY, t{h^'r-ly. a. Gay, cheer- 
ful ; not gloomv. 

CHEERLY, tnie'r-I)"-. ad. Cheer- 

CHEERY, t/lid' f)'-. a. Gay, fpriglit- 

CHEESE, tfli^'z. f. A kind of food 
made by preffing the curd of milk. 

CHEESECAKE, tflieT-kake. C. A 
c.ikemade of foft curds, fugar, and 

CHEESEMONGER, tfiic'zmung- 
gi'ir. f. One who deals in cheelc. 

CHEESEI'RESS, tlht-'ie-prefs. f. 
The prcfs for the curds. 

CHEESEVMT, tflie'z-vat. f. The 
wooden cafe in which the curds are 
prefled into cheefc. 

CHEESY, tlhc'-zy. a. Having the 
nature or form of cheefe. 

CHEMISTRY. See Chymistry. 

CHEQUER. See Checker. 

To CHERISH, tlh^r'-rilh. v. a. To 
fupport, to iheltcr, tonurfeuc 

CHERISHER, t(hir'-n'ni-ur. f.' An 
encourager, a fuppnrter. 

CHERISHMENT, ifli<'r'-ri(h-ment. 
f. Encouragement, fupport, com- 

CHERRY, tlher'-ry. > . 

CHERRY-TREE, tlhcr'-ry-trc. ] ' 
A tree .nnd fruit 

CHERRY, tilier'-ry. a. Refembling 
a cherry in colour. 

CHERRYBAY, t(her'-ry-ba. f. Lau- 

CHERRYCHEEKED, tlher'- ry- 
tfhekd. a. Having ruddy cheeks. 

CHERRYi'lT, tlhcV-jy-pIt. f. A 
child's play, in which they throw 
cherry-ftones into a fmall hole. 

CHERSONESE, kcr'-f6-ne fe. f. A 

CHERUB, tfher'-ub. f. A celeftial 
fpirit, which, in the hierarchy, is 
placed next in order to (he fera- 

CHERUBICK, tnic-nV-bik. a. An- 
gelick, relating to the cherubim.' 

CHERUBIM, tflier'-u-bim. f. The 
fame as Cheru b. 

CHERUBIN, t(hcr'-u-bln. a. An- 

CHERVIL, ifhir'-vil. f. An uni 
belliferous plant. 

To CHERUl', tfhei'-up. V. n. To 
chirp, to ufe a cheerful voice. 

CHESS, tftie.'. f. A game. 

CHESS-APPLE, tdics'-apl. f. Wild 

CHESS-BOARD, i(hes'-b6rd. f. The 
board or table on which the game 
of chefs is played. 

CHESS-MAN, ilhii'-man. f. A 
puppet for chefs. 

CHESSOM, tfhes'-fum. f. Mtllow 

CHEST, tfli^a'. f. A box of wood 
or other materials. 

CHESTED, tlhell'-iid. a. Having 
a cheft. 

CHESTNUT, tMs'-nut. 1 

CHESTNUT-TREE, tfhes'- > f. 
nut-tre. 1 

A tree ; the fruit of the cheftnut- 
tree ; the name of a brown colour. 

CHEVALIER, fliev'-a-lir. f. A 

CHEVAUX DE FRIS, fliev'-6-de- 
fri"ze. f. A piece of timber tra- 
verfed with wooden fpikes, pointed 
with iron, five or fix feet long ; 
ufed in defending a pafl'age, a turn- 
pike, or tourniquet. 

CHEVEN, tfhcv'n. f. A river fifh, 
the fame with chub. 

CHEVERIL, t(hdv'-er-Il. f. A kid, 

-r /-rji.-nr ( t(h<V. 7 v. a. To grind 

To CHEW, I ^1^,, J ^j,h the teeth. 

to mafticate ; to meditate, or ru- 
minate in the thoughts ; to taile 
without fwallowing. 

To CHEW, tilKV. v. n. To champ 
upon, to ruminate. 

CHICANE, iliy-ka'n. f. The art 
of protracting a contell by artifice; 
artifice in general. 

To CHICANE, fhy-kan. v. n. To 
prolong aconteft by tricks. 

CHICANER, fhy-ka'-nur. f. A pet- 
ty fophiller, a wrangler. 

CHICANERY, fhy-ka' nur-y. f. So- 
phiftry, wrangle. 

CHICK, tihik'. ?f The young 

CHICKEN, tniik'-ln. 5 of a bird, 
particularly of a hen, or fmall 
bird ; a word of tendernefs ; a 
term for a vounggirl. 

ha'r-tii. a. Cowardly, fearful. 

CHICKENPO.X, tlhik'-in-poks. f. 
A puftulous dillemper. 

CHICKLING, tllilk'-ling. f. A 
fmall chicken. 

CHICKPEAS, tdilk'-pez. f. An herb. 

CHICKWEED, tfhik'-wc-d. f. A 

CHIO, tllild'. Fret, of To Chide. 

CHIDDEN, tfhid'n. Part. prct. of 
To Chide. 

To CHIDE, tlhi'de. v. a. Pret Chid. 
Part. pret. Chidden. To reprove; 
to drive away with reproof; to 
blame, to reproach. 

To CHIDE, tlhi'de V. n. To cla- 
mour, to I'cold ; to quarrel with ; 
to make a noife. 

CHIDER, tflii'-diH". f. A rcbukcr, 
a reprover. 

CHIEF, tdicf. a. Principal, raoft 
eminent; eminent, extraordinary; 
capital, of the firft order. 

CHIEF, tlhc'f. f. A commander, a 

CHIEFLESS, tnie'f-Hs. a. With- 
out a head. 

CHIEFLY, t(heT-l>'. ad. Princi- 
pally, eminently, more than com- 

CHIEFRIE, tfhc^'f-ry. f. A fmall 
rent paid to the lord paramount. 

CHIEFTAIN, tlhc'f-tcn. f. A lead- 
er, a commander ; the head of a 

CHIEVANCE, tlhe'-vanfe. f. Traf- 
fi.k, in which money is extorted, 
as difcount. 

CHILDBLAIN, tfiill'-bl'm. f. Sores 
made by froft. 

CHILD, tlhi'id. f. An infant, 
or very young perfon ; one in the 
line of filiation, oppofed to the pa- 
rent ; any thing the proJucl or ef- 
feft of another ; To be with child, 
to be pregnant. 

To CHILD, tlhi'ld. v. n. To bring 
children. Little uied. 

CHiLDBEARlNG, t(hi'ld-be-ring. 
part. 'I"he adi of bearing children. 

CHILDBED, t(hiTd-bed.' f. The 
(late of a woman bringing a child. 

CHILDBIRTH, tOii'ld-berth. f. Tra- 
vail, l.ibour. 

CHILDED, tlhi'I-di.^. a. Furnilh- 
ed with a child. Little ufed. 

CHILDERMASS-DAY, tlhii'-dcr- 
muf-da'. f. The day of the week, 
throughout the year, anfwering to 
the day on which the feall of the 
holy Innocents is fojemnized. 

CHILDHOOD, Khi'ld-huJ. f. The 
Hate of infants, the time in which 
we are children ; the time of life 
between infancy and puberty ; the 
properties of a child. 

CHILDISH, lfhi'1-dllh. a. Tri- 
lling; becoming only children, tri- 
vial, puerile. 

CHILDISHLY, tfhi'l-dini-ly. ad. In 
a childilli trifling wav- 

CHILDISHNESS, tdit'l-difh-rls. f. 
Puerility, trillingnefs ; harmleli- 

CHILDLESS, tlhiTd-lis. a. With- 
out children. 

CHILDLIKE, tnii'ld-like. a. Be- 
coming or befeeming a child. 

CHILE. See Chyle, and its deri- 

CHILLVD. ki'-lvad f. A thoufand. 

CHILIAEDRON, kil-y.a-e'-ar()n. f. 
A figure of a thoufmd (iiles. 

CHILL, tlhii'. a. Cold, that which 

is cold to the touch ; having the 





fenfation of cold ; deprefled, de- 
jefted, difcouraged. 

CHILL, tlliil'. f. Chilnefs, cold. 

To CHILL,, tfliil'. V. a. To make 
cold ; to deprefs, to dejeft ; to 
blaft wiih cold. 

CHILLINESS, tfhil'-lj'-nls. f. A 
fenfation of ihivering cold. 

CHILLY, tlhil'-l>'. a. Somewhat 

CHILNESS, tfhil'-nis. f. Coldnefs, 
want of warmth. 

CHIME, tflii'me. f. The confonant 
or harmonick found of many cor- 
refpondent inftruments ; the corre- 
fpondence of found ; the found of 
bells ftruck with hammers : the 
correfpondence of proportion or re- 

To CHIME, tfhi'me. v.n. To found 
in harmony ; to correfpond in re- 
lation or proportion; to agree; 
to fuit with ; to jingle. 

To CHIME, tftii'me. v. a. To make 
to move, or llrike, or found har- 
monically ; to llrike a bell with a 

CHIMER.^, ky-me'-ra. f. " A vain 
and wilJ fancy. 

CHIMERICAL, ki-mer'-rl-kal. a. 
Imaginary, fantallick. 

ad. ^'ainly, wildly. 

CHIMNEY, tfn!m'-ny. f. The paf- 
fage through which the fmoke af- 
cends from the lire in the houfe ; 
the fireplace. 

CHIMNEY-CORNER, tihim'-ry- 
ka'r-nur. f. The lirefide, the place 
of idlers. 

CHIMNEYPIECE, tfhim'-ny-pcs. f. 
The ornamental piece round the 

fwe'-pur. f. One whofe trade it 
is to clean foul chimnies of 

CHIN, tftiln'. f. The part of the 
face beneath the under lip. 

CHINA, tlV.i'-na. f. China ware, 
porcelain, a fpecies of veflels made 
in China, dimly tranfparent. 

CHINA-ORANGE, ifhi'- n;^-6r'- 
I'ndzh. f. The fweet orange. 

CHINA-ROOT, tftii'-ny-rot. {. A 
medicinal root brought originally 
from China. 

CHINCOUGH, tfhin'-kof. f. A 
violent and convulfive cough. 

CHINE, ilhi'ne. f. The part of the 
back, in which the backbone is 
found ; a piece of the back of an 

To CHINE, tfhi'ne. v. a. To cut 
into chines. 

CHINK, tfiiink'. f. A fmall aper- 

ture longvvife. 
To CHINK, tlhink'. v. a. Tolhake 

fo as to make a found. 
To CHINK, tlhink'. V. n. To found 

by ftriking each other. 
CHINKY, tlhink'-^. a. Full of 

holes, gaping. 
CHINES, tfhint's. f. Cloth of cot- 
ton made in India. 
CHIOPPINE, tlhip-pi'ne. f A high 

fhoe formerly worn by ladies. 
To CHIP, tfhip'. V. a. To cut into 

fmall pieces. 
CHIP, tlhi'p'. f. A fmall piece taken 

off by a cutting inllrument, 
CHIPPING, tfhip'-ping. f. A frag- 
ment cut oft". 
CHIRAGRICAL, ki-rag'-grl-kal. a. 

Having the gout in the hand. 
CHIROGRAPHER, ki-rog-gra-fur. 

f. He that exercifes writin'.^. 
CHIROGRAPHIST, kl-rog'-gri- 

filh f. Chirographer. 
CHIROGRAPHY, ki-rog'-gra-fy. f. 

The art of writing. 
CHIROMANCER, ki'-ro-man-fur 

f. One that foreiels future events 

by infpedling the hand. 
CHIROMANCY, ki'-ro-man-fy. f 

The art of foretelling the events of 

life, by infpefting the hand. 
To CHIRP, ilherp'. v. n. To make 

a cheerful noife, as birds. 
CHIRP, tlherp'. f. The voice of 

birds or infefts. 
CHIRPER, tlher'-piir. f. One that 

CHIRURGEON, fur'-jun. f. One 

that cures ailments, not by internal 

medicines, but outward applica- 
tions ; a furgeon. 
CHIRURGERY, fur'-je-r)''. f. The 

art of Turing by external applica- 
CHIRURGICAL, ki-rur'-i)Vk.iI. 7 
CHIRURGICK, ki-riir'-jik. J 

a. Belonging to furgery. 
CHISEL, tlhiz'l. f. An inllrument 

with which wood or ftone is pared 

To CHISEL, tlhii'l. V. a. To cut 

with a chifel. 
CHIT, tlhit'. f. A child, a baby ; 

the fhoot of corn from the end of 

the grain. 
To CHIT, tfhli'. V. n. To fprout. 
CHITCHAT, tlhit'-tfhit. f. Prattle, 

idle prate. 
CHITTERLINGS, tlbh'-ter-llngz. 

f. The guts of an eatable animal ; 

the frill at the bofom of a fhirt. 
CHITTY, ilhk'-ty-. a. Childilh, 

like a baby. 
CHIVALROUS, fhlv'-al-iiis. a. Re- 

lating to chivalry, knightly, war- 

CHIVALRY, flilv'-il-ry. f. Knight- 
hood, a military dignity ; the qua- 
lifications of a knight, as valour; 
the general fyftem of knighthood. 

CHIVES, ilii'vz. f. The threads or 
filaments rifing in flowers, with 
feeds at the end j a fpecies of fmall 

CHLOROSIS, klo-ro'-sls. f. The 

To CHOAK, tlho'k. V. a. See 

CHOCOLATE, tlhok'-ul et. f. The 
nut of the cocoa-tree ; the mafs 
made by grinding the kernel of the 
cocoa-nut, to be diflblved in hot 
water ; the liquor made by a folu- 
tion of chocolate. 

CHOCOLATE-HOUSE, t(h6k'-u!- 
et-hous. f A houfe where com- 
pany is entertained with choco- 

CHODE, tfho de. The old preterite 
from Chide. Obfolete. 

CHOICE, ifhoi'fe. f. The aft of 
choofing, eleftion ; the power of 
choofing ; care in choofing, curio- 
fity of dillinftion ; the thingchofen; 
the heft part of any thing ; feveral 
things propofed as objeils of elec- 

CHOICE, tlhoiVe. a. Seleft, of 
extraordinary value ; chary, fru- 
gal, careful. 

CHOICELESS, t(hoi'fe-lIs. a. With- 
out the power of choofing. 

CHOICELY, t(hoi'fe-ly. ad. Cu- 
rioufly, with exaft choice; valu- 
ably, excellently. 

CHOICENESS, ilhoi'fe-nis. f. Nice- 
ty, particular \ alue. 

CHOIR, kwir'. f. An alTembly or 
band of fingers ; the fingers in di- 
vine worlbip ; thepart of the church 
where the fingers are placed. 

To CHOKE, tM'ke. v. a. To fuf- 
focate ; to flop up, to block up a 
palTage ; to hinder by obllruftion ; 
tofupprefs; to overpower. 

CHOKE, tftioke. f. The filamen- 
tous or capillary part of an arti- 

CHOKE-PEAR, tlho'ke-pcr. f. A 
rough, harfh, unpalatable pear ; 
any farcafm that Hops the mouth. 

CHOKER, tilio-kur. f. One that 

CHOKY, tflio'-ky. a. That which 
has the power of fuftbcation. 

CHOLAGOGUES, kol'-a-gogz. f. 
Medicines which have the power 
of purging bile. 

CHOLER, kol'-liir. f. The bile ; 

C II o 



tlie humour, Tuppofcd to produce 
irnfcibili'.v ; anper, rage. 

CHOLLRICK, k.'.l'-lcr-rlk. a. A- 
bounding with choler ; angry, iral- 

CHOLERICKNES3, kol'-llr-rik- 
rls f. Anger, irafcibility, peu- 

To CHOOSE, tfhoze. v. a. I chofe, 
I have cholcn. To take by way 
of preference of feveral things of- 
fered ; to'felccl, to pick out of a 
number; to cleft for eternal hap- 
pincfs ; a term of theologians. 

To CHOOSE, tlhcVze. V. n. To 
have the power of choice. 

CHOOSER, tllio-ziir. f. He that 
has the power of choofing, eleflor. 

To CHOP, tfhop'- V. a. To cut 
with a quick blow ; to devour ea- 
gerly ; to menace, to cut into fmall 
pieces ; to break into chinks. 

To CHOP, iftiop'. V. n. To do any 
thing with a quick motion ; to 
light or happen upon a thin?. 

To CHOP, tlliop'. V. a. To pur- 
chafe, generally by way of truck ; 
toputoiiethinginthe place of an- 
other; to bandy, to altercate. 

CHOP, tfhop'. f. A piece chopped 
off; a fmall piece of meat ; a crack, 
or cleft. 

CHOP-HOUSE, t(hop'-hous. f. A 
mean houfe of entertainment. 

CHOPIN, Iho-pe'n. f. A French 
liquid meafure, containing nearly 
a pint of Winchefter ; a term ufed in 
Scotland foraquartof wine meafure. 

CHOPPING, tfhop'-pJng. a. An 
epithet frequently applied to in- 
fants by way of commendation. 

CHOPP-ING-BLOCK, tlhcSp'-ping- 
blok. f. A log ot wood on which 
any thing is laia to be cut in pieces. 

CHOPPING-KNIFE, tlhop'-ping- 
nife. f. A knife ufed in chop- 

CHOPPY, tfhop'-py. a. Full of 
holes or cracks. 

CHOPS, tfliop's. f. The mouth cf 
a beall ; the mouth ofany thing in 
familiar larsua'^e. 

CHORAL, hi' fal. a. Sung by a 
thi' ; lii!j?ing in a choir. 

CHOkD, I a'-d. f. Theftringofa 
jnufical inftrument ; a right line, 
whicii joins the two ends cf any 
arch of a circle. 

To CIiORD, ka'rd. v. a. To fur- 
mdi with llrin^s. 

CHuKDKE, kir-dd'. r. A contrac- 
luin of ihe f.oenum. 

CHC)i<ION, k6'-ry6h. f. The out- 
ward membrane that enwraps the 

CHORISTER, kw4r'-r{f-tir. f. A 
finger in the cathedrals, a finging 
boy ; a finger in a concert. 

CHOROGKAPHER, ko-rog'-gri- 
fur. f. He that defcribes particu- 
lar regions of countries. 

CHO_ROGR.\PHICAL, k6 r6-grJf- 
1-1. al. a, Dcfcriptive of particular 

grif ■i-k'il-lj'. ad. Inachorogra- 
phical manner. 

CHOROGRAPHY, kb-tog'-gvi-fy. 
{. 'Ihe art of defcribing particular 

CHORUS, ko'-riis. f. A numl-.-r of 
fingers, a concert ; the perfons who 
are fuppofed to behoM what pafles 
in the afts cf the ancient tragedy ; 
the fong between the afts cf a tra- 
gedy ; verles of a fong in which the 
company join the finger. 

CHOSE, tlTiuze. The pieter tenfe, 
from To Choose. 

CHOSEN, tfhozn. The part. palT. 
from To Choose. 

CHOCGH, tlhiif. f. A bird which 
frequents the rocks by the fea. 

CHOULE, joul'. f. [commonly writ- 
ten Jowl]. The crop of a bird. 

To CHOUSE, tfhou'fe. v. a. To 
cheat, to trick. 

CHOUSE, tllwu'fe. f. A bubble, 
a tool ; a trick or (ham. 

CHRISM, kriz'm. f. Unguent, or 

To CHRISTEN, knVn. v. a. To 
baptize, to initiate into Chriiliani- 
ty by water; to name, to denomi- 

CHRISTENDOM, krli'n-diim. f. 
The cclleflive body of Chrillianity. 

CHRISTENING, k'.ib'-ning. f. The 
ceremony of the firft initiation into 

CHRISTIAN, krlb'-tyin. f. A pro- 
feffor of the religion of Chrift. 

CHRISTIAN, krii'-tyun. a. Pro- 
felling the religion of Chrill. 

CHRISTIAN-NAME, kris'-tyun- 
name. f. The name giv^-n at the 
fcmt, dillinfl from the furname. 

CHRiSTlANISM, krls'-tya-nizm. 
f. The Chrillian religion ; the na- 
tions profelTing Chrillianity. 

CHRIS riANll'Y, krif-tyaa'-l-ty. f. 
1 he religion of Chrillians. 

To CHRIS riANIZE, krfs'-ty:'m-lze. 
V. a. To make Chriftian. 

CHRISTIANLY, kiis'-tyan-ly. ad. 
Like a Chriflian. 

CHRISTMAS, krls'-mis. f. The 
day on which the nativity of our 
bleflcd Saviour is celebrated. 

CHRISTMAS-BOX, kih'-muf- 

boks'. f. A box in which litt'e 
prefents are collefled at 

CHROMATICK, kro-mAt'-ik. a. Re- 
lating to colour; relating to a cer- 
tain fpecies cf ancient mufi.k. 

CHRONICAL, kr<V,'-!-kil. ) a. U 

CHRONICK, kron'ik. J lati 

to time ; a chronical dillcmper i. 
cf lone; duration. 

CHRONICLE, krun'-Jlil. f. A rc- 
gidcr or account of events in oiul; 
of time ; a hillory. 

To CH,<ONICLE, krou'-ikl. v. a. 
To record in chronicle, or hillory ; 
to regiller, to record. 

CHRONICLER, kron'-ik-lur, f. A 
writer of chronicles ; an hirtorian. 

CHRONOGRAM, krin'-o-gram. f. 
An infcription including the date 
ofany aflion. 

no-gram-mat'i kil. a. Belonging 
to a chronogram. 

no-gram'-mi-iLl. f. A writer of 

CHRONOLOGER, kro-nol'-lo-jur. 
f. He that ftudies or explains the 
fcience of computing pall time. 

lodzh'-i-kal. a. Relating to the 
doftrine of time. 

16dzh'-i-kal-ly. ad. In a chrono- 
logical manner, according to the 
exaft feries of time. 

CHRONOLOGIST, kro-noi'-o-jlll. 
f. One that lludies or explains 

CHRONOLOGY, kro-mM'-o-jy. f. 
The fcience of computing and ad- 
jufiing the periods of time. 

CHRONOMETER, kii-nom'-me- 
ti'ir. f. An inftrument fjr the exaft 
menfuration of time 

CK-\YSAL1S, kr!s'-s:\-I!j. f. Aure- 
lia, or the firft apparent change of 
the maggot of any fpccies of in- 

CHRYSOLITE. k'L'-i6-lite. f. A 
precious llone of a dulky green, 
with a call of yellow. 

CHUB, tftu'ib'. f. Ariverfini. The 

CIIUBBEO, tiy.ub'-bld. a. Big-head- 
ed, like a chub. 

To CHUCK, tOii'ik'. V. n. To make 
a noife like a hen. 

To CHUCK, tniuii'. V. a. To call 
as .1 hen calls her young ; to give 
a gentle blow under the chin, 

CHUCK, tniuk'. f. Thevoi;eofa 
hen; a word of endstirmcnt. 

CHUCK-FARTHING, tniiik'-fa'r- 

thing. f. A pl.a/, at vAuch the 





money falls with a chuck into the 
hole beneath 

To CHUCKLE, tfhuk'l. v. n. To 
laugh vehemently. 

To CHUCKLE, tfhuk'l. v. a. To 
call as a hen ; to cocker, to fondle 

CHUET, tiho'-it. f. Forced meat. 

CHUFF, tiliuf. f. A blunt clown. 

CHUFFILY, tlhuP-fi-ly. ad. Sto- 

CHUFFINESS, t/huf- fl ■ dIs. f. 

CHUFFY, tlhuf-fv'. a. Surly, fat. 

CHUM, tlhum'. f.' A chamber fel- 

CHUMP, tfhump'. f. A thick heavy 
piece of wood. 

CHURCH, tihurt'fli. f. The col- 
lective body of Chriftians ; the body 
of Chriftians adhering to one par- 
ticular form of worfliip ; the place 
which Chriftians confecrate to the 
worliiip of God. 

To CHURCH, tlhi'in'lh. v. a. To 
perform with any one the office of 
returning thanks, afrer any (ignal 
deliverance, as childbirth. 

CHURCH-ALE, tftmrt'lh-ale. f. A 
wake, or feall, commemoratory of 
the dedication of the church. 

CHURCH-ATTIRE, tniiirt'lh-k- 
ti're. f. The habit in which men 
officiate at divine fervice. 

CHURCHMAN, lihirt'lh-min. f. 
An ecclefiaftick, a clergyman ; an 
adherent to the church of Eng- 

CHURCH-WARDENS, tlhurtfti- 
wa'rdnz. f. Officers yearly chofen, 
to look to the church, churchyard, 
and fuch things as belong to both. 

CHURCHYARD, tftiurtfti-yard. f. 
The ground adjoining to the 
church, in which the dead are bu- 
rled, a cemetery. 
CHURL, tlhurl'. f. A ruftick, a 
countryman; a rude, furly, ill- 
bred man ; a mifer, a niggard. 
CHURLISH, tnu'ir'-Uffi. a. Rude, 

brutal, harlh ; felfiih, avaricious. 
CHURLISHLY, tfhur'-llili-ly. ad. 

Rudely, brutally. 
CHURLISHNESS, tniur'-lilh-ni;. i". 

Brutality, rusrgednefs of manner. 
CHURME, tftmrm'. f. A confufed 

found, a noife. Obf. 
CHURN, tlhur'n. f. The veffil in 
which the butter is, by agitation, 
To CHURN, tfliur'n. v. a. To agi- 
tate or ih ike any thing by a violent 
motion ; to make butter by agi- 
tating the milk. 
CHUKRWORM, tlhiir'-wirin. f. An 

infedl that turns about nimbly, 
called alfo a fan-cricket. 
CHUSE. See Choose. 
CHYLACEOUS, ky-li'-Ms. a. Be- 
longing to chyle. 
CHYLE, kyle. f. The white juice 
formed in the ftomach by digeftion 
of the aliment. 
CHYLIFAC HON, ky-ly-fik'-(hun. 
r The aft or procefs of making 
chyle in the body. 

CHYLIFACTJVE, ky-ly-fak'-tiv. a. 
Having the power of making chyle. 

CHYLOUS, ky'-lus. a. ConCliing 
of chyle. 

CHYMICAL, kim'-i-kal.l a. Made 

CHYMICK, kini'-mik. S by chy- 
miftry ; relating to chymiftry. 

CHYMICALLY,-kim'-mi k'il-y. ad. 
ill a chymical manner. 

CHYMIST, kim'-mlft. f. A pro- 
fedbr of chymiftry. 

CHYMISTRY, klm'-mif-try. f. The 
art or procefs by which the different 
fubftances/ound in mixt bodies are 
feparated from each other by means 
of fire. 

CIBARIOUS, si-ba-ryiis. a. Re- 
lating to food. 

.1-tris. f. The fear remaining af- 
ter a wound ; a mark, an impref- 

CICATRISANT, sik«5-tri'-zant. f. 
An application that induces a cica- 

CICATRISIVE, sik-i-tri'-slv. a. 
Having the qualities proper to in- 
duce a cicatrice. 

CICATRIZATION, sJk-a-trl-za'- 
Ihun. f. The aft of healing the 
wound ; the ftate of being healed, 
or fiiinned over. 

To CICATRIZE, sik'-a-trlze. v. a. 
To apply fuch medicines to wounds, 
or ulcers, as (kin them. 

CICELY, ^is'-ly. f. A fort of herb 

To CICURATE, slk'-u-rate. v. a. 
To tame, to reclaim from uildnefs. 

CICURATION, sik-ii-ru-niun. {. 
The aft of taming or reclaiming 
from wildnefs. 

CIDER, 5i'-dur. f. The juice of ap- 
ples ^xprefled and fermented. 

CIDERIST, si'-diir-ift. f. A maker 
of cyder. 

CIDERKIN, si-dur-kin. f. The li- 
quor made of the grofs matter of 
apples, afier the cyder is prefll-d 

CIELING. See Ceiling. 

CILIARY, sil'-ya-ry.. a. Ijclpnging 
to the eyelids. 

CILiCIOUS, si ll(h' iis. a. Made 
ot hiir. 

CIMETER, sim'-y-tur. f. A fort 

offword, fhort and recurvated. 
CINCTURE, sink'-tlhiir. f. Some- 
thing worn round the body; an' 
inclofure; a ring or lift at the top 
or bottom of the fhaft of a column. 
Cl.N'DER, sin'-dur. f. A maCs of 
any thing burnt in the fire but not 
reduced to alhes ; a hot coal that 
has ceafed to flame. 

CINDER- V.OMAN, sIn'-diir-T 
wum-iin. ( f 

CINDER-WENCH, sin'-dir- ( '" 
wentlh. -» 

A woman whofe trade is to rake in 
heaps of alhes for cinders. 

CINERATION, sin-e-ra-fti6n. f. 
The reduftion of any thing by fire 
to alhes. 

CINERITIOUS, sln-c-rilh'-us. a, 
Havinii the form or ftate of alhes. 

CINERULENT,'-u-lent. a. 
Full of alhes. 

CINGLE, sing'l. f. A girth for 3 

CINNABAR, sin'-na-bur. f. _ Ver- 
million, a mineral confifting of 
mercury and fulphur. 

CINNAMON, sin'-na-mun. f. The 
fragrant bark of a low tree in the 
ifland of Ceylon. 

CINQUE, sink', f. A five. 

CINQUE FOIL, sink'-foil. f. A 
kind of five-leaved clover. 

CINQUE-PACE, sink'-pafe. f. A 
kind of grave dance. 

CINQUE-PORTS, sink' ports, f. 
Thofe havens that lie towards 

CINQUE-SPOTTED, sink'-fpot- 
lid. a. Having five fpots. 

CION, si'-un. f. A fprout, a Ihoot 
from a plant ; the (hoot engrafted 
on a ftock. 

CIPHER, ;i'-fur. f An arithmeti- 
cal charafter, by which fome num- 
ber is noted, a figure ; an arith- 
metical mark, which, (landing for 
nothitig itl'clf, increafes the \alue 
of the other figures ; an intertexture 
of letters ; a charafter in general ; 
a fecret or occult manner of writ- 
ing, or the key to it. 

To CIPHER, ii'-fur, V. n. Toprac 
tife arithmetick. 

To CIPHER, si'-fur. V. a. Towrjte 
in occult charafters. 

ToCIRClNAlE, fer'-fy-nate. v. a. 
To make a circle ; to compal's 
round, or turn round. 

CIRCINATION, fer-ly-ni' (hun. f. 
An orbicular motion ; a mcaluring 
with the conipaftss. 

CIRCLE, ih'k\.. f. A curve line 

continued till it end* where it be- 

N gun. 




gun, having all parts equally dif- 
tant from a common center; the 
fpace included in a circular line; 
a round body, an orb ; compafs, 
inclofure ; an alTembly furrounding 
the principal perfon ; a company ; 
any feries ending as it begins; an 
jnconclufive form of argument, in 
which the foregoing prcpolition is 
proved by the following, and the 
following inferred from the forego- 
ing ; circumlocution. 

To CIRCLE, fer'kl. V. a. To move 
round any thing ; to inclofe, to 
furround ; to confine, to keep to- 

To CIRCLE, fer'kl. v. n. To move 

CIRCLED, ferk'ld. a. Having the 
form of a circle, round. 

CIRCLET, fer'-tHt. f. A circle, 
an orb. 

CIRCLING, fer'-kllng. part. a. 
Circular, round. 

CIRCUIT, fcr'-kut. r. The aa of 
moving round any thing ; the fpace 
' inclofed in a circle ; fpace, extent, 
meafured by travelling round; a 
ring, a diadem; the vifitation of 
the judges for holding affizes. 

To CIRCUIT, fer'-kut. v. n. To 
move circularly. 

CIRCUITER, fer-ku-te'r. f. One 
that travels a circuit. 

CIRCUITION, f^r-ku-ifh'-un. f. 
The aft of going round any thing; 
compafs, maze of argument, com - 

CIRCULAR, fer'-ku-Iur. a. Round, 
like a circle, circumfcribed by a 
circle; fucccflive to itfelf, always 
returning; Circular letter, a let- 
ter direfted to feveral pcrfons, who 
have the fame intereftin fome com- 
mon affair. 

CIRCULARITY, fer-ku-lar'-l-t^. f. 
A circular form. 

CIRCULARLY, fcr'-kii-lir-l;^. ad. 
In form of a circle ; with a circular 

To CIRCULATE, fer'-ku-lJite. v. n. 
To move in a circle. 

To CIRCULATE, f^r'-ku-14te. v. a. 
To put about. 

CIRCULATION, fer-ku-la'-Ihun. f. 
Motion in a circle ; a feries in 
which the fame order is always ob- 
ferved, and things always return 
to the fame (late ; a reciprocal in- 
terchange of meaning. 

CIRCULATORY, fer"-ku-li-tur'-)'. 
a. Belonging to circulation ; cir- 

CIRCULATORY, fir"-k(i-l&-tur'-y. 
f, A chymical vtifel. 

am'-bycn-f^. f. The adl of cn- 

CIRCUMAMBIENT, f^r-kim-im'- 
byent. a. Surrounding, encom- 

kum-am'-bu-late. v. n. To walk 
round about. 

To CIRCUMCISE, fcr'-kum-tize, 
V. a. To cut the prepuce, accoid- 
ing to the law given to the Jews. 

CIRCUMCISION, fer-kiim-sizh'- 
un. f. I'he rite or aft of cutting 
off the forcflcin. 

To CIRCUMDUCT, fer-kum-duk't. 
V. a. To contravene, tonuUifv. 

Ihun. f. Nullification, cancella- 
tiog ; a leading about. 

CIRCUMFERENCE, fcV-kum'-fc- 
renfe f. The periphery, the line 
including and furrounding any 
thing; the fpace inclofed in a 
circle ; the external part of an or- 
bicular body; an orb, a circle. 

CIRCUMFERENTOR, fer-kum-fe- 
ren'-tur. f. An inllrument ufed in 
furveying, for meafuring ansjles. 

CIRCUMFLEX, fer'-kum-flcks. f. 
An accent ufed to regulate the pro- 
nunciation of fyllables. 

CIRCUMFLUENCE, fer-kum'-flu- 
enfe. f. An inclofure of wa- 

CIRCUMFLUENT, f6r-kim'-flu- 
ent. a. Flowing round any thing. 

CIRCUMFLUOUS, fer-kuni'-flu-us. 
a. EnvironincT with waters. 

f6-ra'-nyus. a. Wandering from 
houfe to houfe. 

To CIRCUMFUSE, fer-kim-fii'ze. 
v a. To pour round. 

CIRCUMFUSILE, fer-kum-fu'-sll. 
a. That which may be poured 
round any thing. 

CIRCUMFUSION, fer-kum-fiV- 
zhun. f. The aft of fpreading 

To CIRCUMGIRATE, fir-kim'- 
jy-rite. v. n. To roll round. 

CIRCUMGIRATION, fcr-kum-jy- 
la llu'm. {. The aft of running 

CIRCUMJACENT, fir-kum-ji'- 
fint. a. Lving round any thing. 

CIRCUMITION, fcr-kum-i(h'-un. 
f. The aft of going round. 

ga'-ihun. f. The aft of binding 
round ; the bond with which any 
thing is cncompaffed. 

CIRCUMLOCUTION, fir-ki'im-lo- 
ku-fhun. f. A circuit or compafs 

of words, periphrafis; the ufe of 
indireft exprcliions. 
CIRCUMMURED, fcr-kum-mu'rd. 

a. Walled round. 
nav'-y-gabl. a. That which may 
be failed round. 
To ^ ClRCUMNAVIG.VrE, fir- 
kum-nav'-^-g.ue. v. a. To fail 
niv-y-ga'-lhun. f. The aft of fail- 
ing round. 

ply-ka-ffiun. f. The aft of en- 
wrapping on every fide ; the ftate 
of enwrapped. 

CIRCUMl'OLAR, fcr-kum-po'-lur. 
a. Round tlu.' pole. 

CIRCUMPOSITIO.N, fer-kum-po- 
zilh'-un. f. The aft of placing any 
thing circularly. 

CIRCUMRASION, A'r-kum-ri'- 
zhi'in I'. The aft of Ihaving or 
paring round. 

CIRCUMROTATION, fer-kum-ro- 
ti'-lhun. f. The aft of whirling 
round like a wheel. 

To CIRCUMSCRIBE, fcr-kum- 
fkri'be. v. a. To inclofe in certain 
lines or boundaries; to bound, to 
limit, to confine. 

&rlp'-lhun. f. Determination of 
particular form or magnitude ; li- 
mitation, confinement. 

fkrip'-tiv. a. Inclofing the fuper- 

CIRCUMSPECT, f^r'-kim-fpekt. a. 
Cautious, attentive, watchful. 

fpek'-ihun. f. Watchfulnefs on ' 
every fide, caution, general atten- 

fpek'-tlv. a. Attentive, vigilant, 

fpck'-tiv-ly. ad. Cautioufly, vi- 

fpekt-ly. ad. Watchfully, vigi- i 

fpekt-nls. f. Caution, vigilance, i 

CIRCUMSTANCE, f^r'-kum-ftinfe. 1 
f. Something appendant or rela- ' 
tive to a faft ; accident, fomething : 
adventitious ; incident, event ;. 
condition, Kate of affairs. 

To CIRCUMSTANCE, fer'-ki'im- 
flanfc. V. a. To place in particu- 
lar fituation, or relation to the 





CJfRCUMSTANT, fc,'-k6m-Mnt. 
a. Surrounding. 

iUn'-fhil. a. Accidental, not ef- 
lential ; incidental, calual ; full of 
fmall events, detailed, minute. 

kum-iUn-rtial'-i-ty. f. The ftate 
of any thing as modified by its 
feveral circumflances. 

ftan'-ihal-ly. ad. According to 
circumftance, not efi'entially ; mi- 
nutely, e.vaflly. 

kiim-ilau'-fbate. v. a. To place in 
particular circumftances ; to place 
in a particular condition. 

To CIRCUMVALLAl E, fir-kum- 
vil -late. V. a. To inclofe round 
with trenches or fortifications. 

val-la'-fhun. f. The art or aft of 
calling up fortifications round a 
place ; the fortification thrown up 
round a place befieged. 

CIRCUMVECTION, fer-kum-vck'- 
fliun. f. The aft of carrying round ; 
the ftate of being carried round. 

To CIRCUMVENT, fer-kum-vent'. 
V. a. To deceive, to cheat. 

CIRCUMVENTION, fir-kum-v^n'- 
fhun. f. Fraud, impofture, cheat, 

To CIRCUMVEST, fcr-kum-velV. 
V. a. To cover round with a gar- 
ment ; to furround. 

vo'-la'-ihun. f. The aft of flying 

To _ CTRCUMVOLVE, fir-kiim- 
volv'. V. a. To roll round. 

v6-lu'-(hun. f. The aft of rolling 
round ; the thing rolled round an- 

CIRCUS, fe'r-kus. ) f . An open 

CIRQUE, ferk'. J fpacc or area 

for fport5, 

CIST, .'ill', f. A cafe, a tegument, 
commonly the inclofure of a tu- 

.CISTED, sL'-tld. a. Indofed in a 
cift, or bag. 

CISTERN, iiV-tcrn f. A recep- 
tacle of water for domeftick ufcs ; 
a relervoir, an inclofed fountain ; 
any watry receptacle. 

CISTUS, sis'-tus. f._ Rockrofe. 

■CIT, ill', f. An inhabitant of a 
city; a pert low tovvnfman. 

CITADEL, sii'-a-del. f. A fort- 
refs, a caille. 

CITAL, si'-tal. f. Impeachment; 
fummons, citation, quotation. 

CITATION, sl-ta'-fliin. f. The 
calling a perfon before the judge ; 
quotation from another author ; 
the pa/lage or words quoted ; enu- 
meration, mention. 

CITATORY, si'-ta-tur-y.a. Hav- 
ing the power or form ofcitation. 

To CITE, si'te. V. a. To fummon 
to anfwer in a court; to enjoin, to 
call upon another authoritatively ; 
to quote. 

CITER, si'-tur. f. One who cites 
into a court ; one who quotes. 

CITESS, sit-les'. f. A city woman. 

CITHERN, sith'-ern. f. A kind of 

CITIZEN, sit'-izn. f. A freeman 
of a city; a townfman, not a gen- 
tleman ; an inhabitant. 

CITRINE, sh'-rin. a. Lemon-co- 

CITRINE, sit'-trln. f. Afpeciesof 
cryftal of an extremely pure, clear, 
and fine texture. 

CITRONTREE,sh'-trun-tr£.f. One 
fort, with a pointed fruit, is in 
great efteem. 

CITRON-WATER, sh'-trun-wa- 
tur. f. Aqua vitse, diftilled with 
the rind of citrons. 

CITRUL, sit'-trill. f, Pumpion. 

CITY, sit'-^. f. A large colleftion 
of houfes and inhabitants ; a town 
corporate, that hath a biftiop ; the 
inhabitants of a city. 

CITY, sh'-f. a. Relating to the 

CIVET, £iv'-ft. f. A perfume from 
the civet-cat. 

CIVICK, siv'-lk. a. Relating to 
civil honours, not tnijitary. 

CIVIL, siv'-ll. a. Relating to the 
community, political ; not foreign, 
inteftine; not ecclefiaftical ; not 
military ; civilifed, not barbarous ; 
complaifant, gentle, ivell bred; 
relating to the ancient confular or 
imperial government, as civil law. 

CIVILIAN, :iv-il'-lyin. f. One 
that profefl'es the knowledge of the 
old Roman l.^w. 

CIVILISATION, slv-^-ll-za'-ihfin. 
f. The law or aft which renders a 
criminal procefs civil. 

CIVILITY, <iv-ir-ly-tf. f. _ Free- 
dom from barbarity ; politencfs, 
complaifance, eleg.mce of behavi- 
our ; rule of decency, praftice of 

CIVILIZATION, siv-^-l! zl'-fliun. 
f. The flate of being civilized ; 
the aft of civilizing. 

To CIVILIZE, siv'-ll-fze. v. a. To 
reclaim from fayagentfs and bru- 

CrvILIZER, 5!v'-ll-I!-7.fir. f.. He 
that reclaims others from a wild 
and favage life. 

CIVILLY, s!v'-ll-Iy. ad. In a man- 
ner relating to government; po- 
litely, complaifantly, without rude- 

CLACK, klak'. f. Any thing that 
makes a lafting and importunate 
noife; the Clack of a mill, a bell 
that rings when more corn is re- 
quired to be put in. 

To CLACK, klak'. V. n. To make 
a chinking noife ; to let the tongue 

CLAD, klad'. Part. pret. from 
Clothe. Clothed, invefted, garb- 

To CLAIM, kla'm. v. a. To de- 
mand of right, to require authori- 

CLAIM, kla'm. f. A demand of 
any thing, as due ; a title to any 
privilege or poffellion in the hands 
of another; in law, a demand of 
any thing that is in the pofreflioft 
of another. 

CLAIMABLE, kla'-mabl. a. That 
which may be demanded as due. 

CLAIMANT, kla'-mint. f. He that 
demands any thing as unjulUy de- 
tained by another. 

CLAIMER. kla'-mur. .f. He that 
makes a demand. 



To CLAMBER, klam'-bur. v. h. 
To climb with difficulty. 

To CLAMM, klam'. v. n. To clog 
with any glutinous matter. 

CLAMMINESS, klAm'-my-nis. f, 
Vifcofity, vifcidity. 

CLAMMY, kl5m'-my. a. Vifcous, 

CLAMOROUS, klam'-mur-us. a. 
Vociferous, noify. 

CLAMOUR, klam'-mur. f. Out- 
cry, noife, exclamation, vocifera- 

To CLAMOUR, klim'-mur. v. n. 
To make outcries, lo exclaim, to 

CLAMP, klamp". r. • A piece of 
wood joined to another to ftrength- 
en it ; a piece of iron ufed to join 
ftones together ; a quantity cf 

To CLAMP, klimp'. v. a. To 
ftrengthen by means of a clamp. 

CL.AN, kUn'. f. A family, a race; 
a body or feft of perfons. 

CLANCULAR, klank'-u-lur. a. 
Clandeftine, fecret. 

CLANDESTINE, klin-dei'-tfii. a. 
Secret, hidden, 

N 2 CLAN- 




CLANDESTINELY, klan-des'-tln- 

Iv. ad. Secreclv, privately. 
CLANG, klang'.f A (harp.fhrill nolfe. 
To CLANG, kl'mg'. v. n. Toclat- 

ter, to tn.ike a loud (hrill noife. 
CLANGOUR, kh'ing'-giir. f. A 

loud (hrill (bund. 
CLANGOUS, kiang'-gus. a. Mak- 
ing a clane. 
CLANK, klank'. f. Aloud, flirill, 

ftiarp noile. 
To CLAP, klip". V. a. To ftrike 
together with a quick motion ; to 
put one thing to another fuddenly ; 
to do any thing with a fudden ha(- 
ty motion ; to celebrate or praife 
by clapping the hands, to applaud ; 
to infeft with a venereal poifon ; 
To clap up, to complete fuddenly. 
To CLAP, kl.ip'. V. n. To move 
nimbly with a noife ; to enter with 
alacrity and brifknefs upon any 
thing ; to llrike the hands together 
in applaufe. 
CLAP, klip', f. A loud noife made 
by fudden collifion ; a fudden or 
une.vpedled aft or motion ; an ex- 
plofion of thunder; an aft of ap- 
plaufe i a venereal infeftion ; the 
nether part of the beak of a hawk. 
CLAPPER, klap'-jur. f. One who 
claps with his hands; the tongue 
, of a bell. 
To CLAPPERCLAW, klap-pur- 
kli'. V. a. To ,tongue-beat, to 
fcold. A low word. 
CIEUX, klar'-en.fd. f. The fe- 
cond king at arms : fo named from 
the dutchy of Clarence. 

f. Light and fhade in painting. 
CLARET, klar'-h. f. French wine. 
CLARICORD, klar'-y-kord. f. A 
mufical ini^rument in form of a 
CLARIFICATION, klar-y-fika'- 
fhin. f. The aft of making any 
thing clear from impurities. 
To CLARIFY, kldr'-y-fy. v. a. To 
purify or clear; to brighten, to il- 
CLARION, klar'-vun. f. A trumpet. 
CLARITY, klir'-i ty. f. Bright- 

nefs, fplendour. 

CLARY, kll'jf. f. An herb. 

ToCLAbH, klalh'. V. n. To make 

a noife by n.utual collifion ; to aft 

with oppoiite power, or contrary 

direftion ; to contradift, oppofe. , 

To CLASH, klafh'. v. a. To llrike 

one thing againll another. 
CLASH, klAlh". f. A noify collifion 
of two bodies; oppolitionj con- 

CLASP, klirp'. r.' A hock to hold 

any thing clofe ; an embrace. 
To CLASP, klafp'. v. a. To (hut 
witli a clafp ; to catch and hold 
by twining ; to inclofe between the 
hands; to embrace; to inclofe. 
CLASPER, klas'-piir. f. The ten- 
drils or threads of creeping plants 
CLASPKNIFE, kl.\fp'-nlfe. f. A 
knife which folds into the handle. 
CLASS, klas'. f. A rsnk or order 
of perfons ; a number cf boys learn- 
ing the fame lertbn ; a fet of beings 
or things. 
To CLAsS, klas'. v. a. To range 
according to fome Hated method 
of dillribution. 
CLASSICAL, klas'-^y-kal. ) a. Re- 
CLASSICK,'-s{k. J lating 

to antique authors ; of the firft or- 
der or rank. 
CLASSICK, klas'-sik. f. An au- 
thor of the firft rank. 
CLASSIS, klas'-sls. f. Order, fort, 

To CLATTER, klii'-tur. v. n. To 
make a noife by knocking two fo- 
norous bodies frequently together ; 
to utter a noife by being ilruck to- 
gether ; to talk fad and idly. 
To CLATTER, klat'-ti'ir. v. a. To 
ilrike any thing fo as to make it 
found ; to difpute, jar, or cla- 
CLATTER, klai'-tur. f. A 
rattling noife made by frequent 
collifion of fonorous bodies ; any 
tumultuous and confufed noife, 
CLAVATED, kla'-va-tlJ. a. Knob- 
CLAUDENT, kkV-dcnt. a. Shut- 
ting, inclofing. 
To CLAUDICAT:;E, kli'-d>--kate.' 

V. n. To halt. ' , 


f. The habit of hailing. 
CLAVE, kliVe. The preterite of 

CLAVELLATED, kliv'-ll-la-tld. a. 
Made- with burnt tartar. A chy- 
mical term. 
CLAVICLE,;klav'-vIkI. f. The col- 
lar bone. 
CLAUSE, kid'z. f. A fentence, a 
fingle part of difcourfe, a fubdivi- 
fion of a larger fenrcnce ; an ar- 
ticle, or particular llipulation. 
CLAUSTRAL, khVf-tral. a. Re- 
lating to a cloyder. 
CLAUbURE. kla'-niiir. f. Confine- 
CLAW, kli'. f. The footofabeaa 
or bird, armed with Iharp nails ; a 
hand, in contempt. 
To CLAW, kli'. v. a. To tear 

with nails or claws ; to tear or 
fcratch in general; To Claw off, 
to fcold. 
CI.AWBACK, kla'-bak. f. A flat- 
terer, a wheedler. 
CLAWED, kla'd. a. Furnilhed or 

armed with claws. 
CLAY, kla'. f. Unftuous and tena- 
cious earth. 
To CLAY, kla. v. a. Jo cover 

with clay. 
CLAY-COLD, kla-kold. a. Cold 

as the unanimated earth. 
CLAY-PIT, kla'-pit. f. A pit where 

clay is dug. 
CLAYEY, kld'-y. a. Confining of 

CLAYMARL, kkV-mirl. f. A 

chalky clay. 
CLEAN, kle'n. a. Free from dirt 
or filth ; challe, innocent, guilt- 
lefs ; elegant, neat, not incumber- 
ed ; not leprous. 
CLEAN, kle'n. ad. Quite," per- 

feftly, fully, completely. 
To CLEAN, klcn. v, a. To free 

from dirt. 
CLEANLILY. klen'-lil-y. ad. In 

a cleanly manner. 
CLEANLINESS, klen'-ly-nis. f. 
Freedom from dirt or filth ; neat- 
nefsofdrefs, purity. 
CLEANLY, klcn'-ly. a. Pree from 
dirtinefs, pure in the perfon ; that 
which makes cleanlinefs ; pure, 
immaculate; nice, artful. 
CLEANLY, klc'n-ly. ad. Elegant- 
ly, neatly. 
CLEANNESS, kic'n-ni's. f. Neat- 
nefs, freedom from filth ; eafy ex- 
aftnefs, juftnefs, natural unla- 
boured correftnefs ; purity, inno- 
To CLEANSE, klenz'. v. a. To 
free from filth or dirt; to purify 
from guilt; to free from noxious 
humours; to free from leproiy ; to 
CLEANSER, kl(5n'-zur. f. That 
which has the quality of evacuat- 
CLEAR, klc'r. a. Bright, pellucid, 
tranfp.irent ; ferene ; perfpicuous, 
not obfcure, not ambiguous ; in- 
difputable, evident, undeniable ;' 
apparent, manifell, not hid; un- 
fpotted, guiltlefs, irreproachable; 
free fiom profecution, or imputed 
guilt, guiltlefs; free from deduc- 
tions or incumbrrinces ; out of debt; 
unintangled ; at a fafe dillancefrom 
danger ; canorous, founding dif- 
CLEAR, klc'r. ad. Clean, quite, 

^ To 




To CLEAR, kle'r. v. a, To muke 
bright ; to brighten ; to free from 
obfcurity; to purge from the im- 
putation of guilt, to juftify ; to 
cleanfe; to difcharge, to remove 
any incumbrance; to free from 
anything oiFenfive; to clarify, as 
to clear liquors ; to gain without 
To CLEAR, kle'r. v. n. To grow 
bright, to recover tranfparency ; 
to be difengaged from incumbran- 
ces, or entanglements. 
CLEARANCE, kl^'-r^nfe. f. A 
certificate that a fhip has been 
cleared at the cullomhoufe. 
CLEARER, kie'-rur. f. Brightner, 

purifier, enlightener. 
CLEARLY, kle'r-ly. ad. Brightly, 
luminoufly ; plainly, evidently ; 
with difcernment, acutely; with- 
out entanglement ; without deduc- 
tion or colt ; without referve, with- 
out fubterfuge. 
CLEARNESS, kle'r-n{s. f. Tranf- 
parency, brightnefs ; fplendour, 
luftre ; diflinftnefs, perfpicuitv. 
CLEARSIGHTED, kle'r-si-tld. a. 

Difcerning, judicious. 
To CLEARSTARCH, kle'r-ftartdi. 

V. a. To lUffen with ftarch. 
CLE.-\RSTARCHER, kle'r-ftartlh- 
ur. f. One who walhes fine linen. 
To CLEAVE, kle'v. v. n. To ad- 
here, to flick, to hold to; to unite 
aptly, to fit ; to unite in concord ; 
to be concomitant. 
To CLEAVE, kle'v. v. a. Fret. 
Clove, or Clave ; Part. p. Clo- 
ven. To divide with violence, to 
fplit ; to divide. 
To CLE.AVE, kl^'v. v. n. To part 

afunder ; to fufFer divifion. 
CLEAVER, kl6'-vur. f. A but- 
cher's inftrument to cut animals in- 
to joints. 
CLEF, klif. f. A mark at the Ve- 
ginning of the lines of a fong, 
which fhews the tone or key in 
which the piece is to begin. 
CLEFT, kleft'. P.irt. pafl'. from 

Cleave. Divided. 
CLEFT, kleft'. f. A fpace made by 
the feparation of parts, a crack ; 
in farriery, clefts are cracks in the 
heels of a horfe. 
To CLEFTGRAFT, kleft'-grJft. 
V. a. To engraft by cleaving the 
ftock of a tree. 
CLEMENCY, klem'-men-fy.f. Mer- 
cy, remiflion of feverity. 
CLEMENT, klem'-ment. a. Mild, 

gentle, merciful. 
CLENCH. See Clinch. 
To CLEPE, kle'p. v.a.To.can. Obf. 

CLERGY, k!er'-j\'-. f. The body 
of men fet apart by due ordination 
for the fervice of God. 
CLERGYMAN, kler'-j^man. f. A 

man in holy orders, not a laick. 
CLERICAL, kler'-ik-al. a. Re- 
lating to the clergy. 
CLERK, kla'rk. i. A clergyman; 
a fcholar, a man of letters; a man 
employed under another as a writ- 
er; a petty writer in publick of- 
fices ; the layman who reads the 
refponfes to the congregation 
in the church, . to direft the 
CLERKSHIP, kU'rk-ftilp. f. Scho- 
l.arlhip; the office of a clerk of any 
CLEVER, klev'r. a. Dextrous, 
ftilful ; juft, fit, proper, conmio- 
dious ; well-lhaped, handfome. 
CLEVERLY, klev'r-ly. ad. Dex- 

troully, fitly, handfomely. 
CLEVERNESS, k!<iv'r-nis. f. Dex- 
terity, (kill. 
CLEW, klu'. f. Thread wound up- 
on a bottom ; a guide, adiredion. 
To CLEW, klu. v. a. To clew the 
fails, i'< to raife them, in order to 
be furled. 
To CLICK, klik'. v. n. To make 

a (harp, fuccelCve noife. 
CLIENT, kll'-ent. f. One who ap- 
plies to an advocate for couniel and 
defence ; a dependant. 
CLIENTED, kli' cn-tid. part. a. 

Supplied with clients. 
CLIENTELE, kli-en-te'le. f. The 

condition or office of a client. 
CLIENTSHIP, kii'.ent-fhip. f. The 

condition of a client. 
CLIFF, klif. f. A fteep rock, a 

CLIFT, kllft'. f. The fame with 

CLIMACTER, kli-mak'-tur. f. A 
certain progrefTion of years, fup- 
poled to end in a dangerous time 
of life. 
CLIMACTERICK, kll-mik-ler'- 


a. Containing a certain number 
of ^ ears, at the end of which fome 
great change is fuppofed to befal 
the body. 
CLIM.VIE, kli'-met. f. A fpace 
upon the furface of the earth, mea- 
fured from the equator to the polar 
circles ; in each of which fpaces the 
longell day u half an hour longer. 
From the polar circles to the poles 
climates are me.ilured by the in- 
crease of a month ; a region or 

tra£l of land differing from another 
by the temperature of the air. 
CLIMATURE, kli'-mi-iure. f. The 

fame with Ci IMA TE. 
CLIMAX, kli'-miks. f. Grada- 
tion, afcent, a figure in rlietorick> 
by which the (entence riles gradu- 
To CLIMB, kli'me. v. n. To af- 

cend up any place. 
To CLIMB, kli'me. v. a. To af- 

CLIMBER, kli'-miir. f. One that 
mounts or fcalcs any place, a 
mounter, a riler ; a plant that 
creeps upon other fupports ; the 
name of a particular herb. 
CLIME, kli'me. f. Climate, re- 
gion ; trafl of earth. 
To CLINCH, kluiilh'. v. a. To 
hold in hand with the fingers bent ; 
to contraft or double the fingers ; 
to bend the point of a nail in the 
other fide ; to confirm, to fix, as 
To clinch an argument. 
CLINCH, klinidi'. f. A pun, an 

CLINCHER, kllnt(h'-ur. f. A 

cramp, a holdf.ift. 
To CLING, klliig'. v.n. Tohang 
upon by twining round ; to dry 
up, to confume. 
CLINGY, kling' y. a. Clinging, 

CLINICAL, klin'ikil.7 a. Keep- 
CLINICK, klln'-ik. J ing the 

To CLINK, kllnk'. V. n. To utter 

a fmall interrupted noife. 
CLINK, klink'. f. A fharp fuc- 

celTive noife. 
CLINQU.-\NT, klink'-ant.a. Shia- 

ing, glittering. 
To CLIP, klip'. V. a. To embrace, 
by throwing the arms round ; to 
cut with fheers ; it is particularly 
ufed of thofe v/ho diminifh coin ; 
to curtail, tocutlhort; to confine, 
to hold. 
CLIPPER, kllp'-piir. f. One that 

debafes coin by cutting. 
CLIPPING, klip'-ping. f. The 

part cut or clipped off. 
CLOAK, klu'k. f. The outer gar- 
ment; a concealment. 
To CLOAK, klok. v. a. To cover 
with a cloak ; to hide, to conceal. 
CLOAKBAG, kl6'k-bag. f. A port- 
manteau, a bag in which cloaths 
are carried. 
CLOCK, klok'. f. The indrument 
which tells the hour ; the Clock of 
a flocking, the flowers or inverted 
work about the ankle ; a fort of 





fLOCKMAKER, kl6k'-Bia-Ur. f. 

An artiricer whofe profeffion is to 

make clocks. 

CLOCKWORK, klok'-wurk. f. 

Movements by weights or fprings. 

CLOD, klod'. f. A lump of earth 

or clay ; a turf, the ground ; any 

thing vile, baf'e, and earthy ; a 

dull fellow, a dult. 

To CLOD, klod'. V. n. To gather 

into concretions, to coagulate. 
To CLOD. klod'. v. a. To pelt 

wirh clods. 
CLODDY, klod'-dy. a. Conf.fting 
of eanh or clods, earthy ; full of 
clods unbroken. ^ 

CLODI'A'I'E, kloJ'-pSte. f. A flu- 

pid fellow, a dolt, a thickfcull. 
CLODPATED, klod'-pii-tid.a. Doit- 

irti, thoughtlefs. 
CLODPOLL, kl6d'-p61. f. A thick- 
fcull, a dolt. 
To CLOG, klog'. V. a. To load 
with lomething that may hinder 
motion; to hinder, to obftrutl ; to 
load, to burthen. 
To CLOG, klog'. V. n. To coa- 
lefce, to adhere ; to be incumber- 
ed or impeded. 
CLOG, klog'. f. Any incumbrance 
hung to hinder motion; a hin- 
drance, an obftruftion ; a kind of 
additional Ihoe worn by women, to 
keep them from wetj a wooden 
CLOGGINESS, kl6g'-g^nls. r. TH 

ftate of being clogged. 
CLOGGY, kl6g'-gy. a. Thatwhich 

has the power of clogging up. 
CLOISTER, kloi'f-tir. f. A reli- 
gious retirement ; a perillilc, a 
To CLOISTER, kloi'f-tur. v. a. To 
Ihut up in a religious houfe; to 
immure from the world. 
CLOISTERAL. kloi'f-tc-ril. a. So- 

liirry, retired. 
CLOISTERED, kloi'f-tiird. part. a. 
Solitary, inhabiting cloillers ; built 
with perillilcs or piazzas. 
CLOISTERESS, kloi'f-nls. f. A 

CLOMB, klim'. Pret. of To Cli.vib. 

Not ufed. 
ToCLOOM, klo'm. V. a. To ftut 

with vifcous matter. 
To CLOSE, klo'ze. V. a. Tofliut, 
to lay together ; to conclude, to 
finifh; to indole, to confine; to 
join, to unite fraftures. 
To CLOSE, klo'ze. v. n. To co- 
alefcc, to join its own parts toge- 
ther ; to Clofe upon, to agree up- 
on ; to Clole with, or to Clofe in 

with, to come to an agreement 
with, to unite with. 
CLOSE, kluze. f. A fmall field in- 
clofed ; the time of (hutting up ; a 
grapple in wreftling ; a paufe or 
ccfl'ation ; a conclufion or end, 
CLOSE, klo's. a. Shut faH, with- 
out vent, without inlet ; confined; 
compaft ; concife, brief; imme- 
diate, without any intervening dif- 
tance or fpace ; joined one to an- 
other; narrow, as a clofe alley; 
admitting fmall diftance ; hidden, 
fccret, rot revealed ; having the 
quality of fecrecy, trully ; referv- 
ed, co\etous ; cloudy; without 
wandering, attentive; full to the 
point, home ; retired, folitary ; 
fecluded from communication ; 
dark, cloudy, not clear. 
CLOSEBODJED. klo'fe-bod-yd. a. 

Made to fit the body exaftly. 
CLOSEHANDED, klofe-han-did. 

a. Covetous. 
CLOSELY, kJ6'fe-ly. ad. Without 
inlet or outlet ; without much fpace 
intervening, nearly; fecretly, flily ; 
without deviation. 
CLOSENESS, klofe-rls. f. The 
ftate of being fliut; narrownefs, 
ftraitnefs ; want of air, or ventila- 
tion ; compaftnefs, folidity ; re- 
clufenefs, folitude, retirement ; 
fecrecy, privacy ; covetoufnefs, fly 
avarice ; connedlion, dependance. 
CLOSE-PENT, klofe-pent'. a. Shut 

up clofe ; without vent. 
CLOSER, klo-zur. f. A finilher, 

a tfoncluder. 
CLOSESTOOL, kli'fe-ftol. f. A 

chamber implement. 
CLOSET, kl6z'-lt. f. A fmall room 
of privacy and retirement ; a pri- 
vate repofitory of curiofities. 
To CLOSET, kloz'-it. V. a. To 
fhut up, or conceal in a clofet ; to 
take into a clofet for a fecret inter- 
CLOSURE, kl6' zhiir. f. -The aft 
of (hutting up; that by which any 
thing is cloffd or fhut; the parts 
inclofing, inclofure ; conclufion, 
CLOT, kloi'. f. Concretion, grume. 
To CLOT, klot'. V. n. To form 
clots, to hang together ; to con- 
crete, to coagulate. 
CLOTH, kLi'ih. f. Any thing wo- 
ven for drefs or covering ; the piece 
of linen fpread upon a table; the 
canvafs on which piftures are de- 
lineated; in the plural, drefs, ha- 
bit, g.nrment, vefture. Pronoun- 
ced Cl.OZE. 

veft with garments, to cover with 
drefs ; to adorn with drefs ; to far- 
niih or provide with clothes. 
CLOTHIER, klo'-thyer. f. A maker 

of cloth. 
CLOTHING, klo'-thiiig. f. Drefs, 

vefture, garments. 
CLOTHSHEARER, kli'th-fli^-iur. 

f. One who trims the cloth. 
CLOTFOLL, kl6i'-p61. f. Thick- 

fkuU, blockhead. 
To CLOl'TER, kloi'-iur. v. n. To 

concrete, to coagulate. 
CLOTIY, klot'-ty. a. Full of 

clots, concreted. 
CLOUD, klou'd. f. The dark col- 
leflion of vapours in the air; the 
veins, or ftains in ftones, or other 
bodies ; any ftate of obfcurity or 
To CLOUD, klou'd. v. a. Todark- 
en with clouds ; toobfcure, to make 
lefs evident; to variegate with dark 
To CLOUD, klou'd. v. n. To grow 

CLOUDBERRY, klou'd-bor-ry. f. 

A plant, called alfo knotberry. 
CLOUDCAPT, klou'd-kipt. a. Top- 
ped with clouds. 
kum-pel'-Iing. a. An epithet of 
Jupiter, by whom clouds were fup- 
pofed to be collefled. 
CLOUDILY, klou'-dy-ly. ad. With 
clouds, darkly ; oblcurely, not 
CLOUDINESS, klou'-d)"'.nis. f. The 
ftate of being covered with clouds, 
darknefs ; want of brightnefs. 
CLOUDLESS,' klou'd-Hs. a. Clear, 

unclouded, luminous. 
CLOUDY, klou'-d^. a. Obfcured 
with clouds ; dark, obfcure, not 
intelligible; gloomy of look, not 
open, nor cheerful ; marked with 
fpots or veins. 
CLOVE, kl6've. The preterite of 

CLOVE, klo've. f. A valuable 
fpice brought from Ternate ; the 
fruit or fL-ed of a very large tree ; 
fnme of the parts into which gar- 
lick feparates. 
jil'-ly flowr. f. A flower fo called 
from its fmelling like cloves. 
CLOVEN, klovn. Part. pret. of 

'J'o Cleave. 
CLOVEN-FOOTED, klo'vn-fut- 


a. Having the foot divided into 
two parts. 

'ED. klo'vn-fut- J 
ED,kl6'vn-hf:.ft. j 


To CLOTHE, kli/th. V. a. Toin- CLOVER, klo'-vur. f. 

A fpecies 




of trefoil ; To live in Clover, i 
to live luxuriounv. 

CLOVERED, kl6'-vi:d. a. Cover 
ed with clo\er. 

CLOUT, klou't. f. A cloth for 
any mean ufe ; a patch on a fljoe 
or coat; anciently, the mark of 
white cloth at which .nrchers Ihot ; 
an iron plnte to an axle-tree. 

To CLOUT, klou't. V. a. To 
patch, to mend coarfely ; to cover 
with a cloih ; to join awkwardly 

CLOUTED, klou'-iiJ. part. a. Con- 
gealed, coagulated. 

CLOUTERLY, klou'-tur-ly. a. 
Clumfv, awkward. 

CLOWN, kloiv'n. f. A ruftick, a 
churl ; a coarfe ill-bred man. 

CLOWNERY, klow'-ne-rj-. f. Ill 
breeding, churlilhnefs. 

CLOWNISH, klow'-nilh. a. Con- 
/irting of rufticks or clowns ; un- 
civil, ill bred ; clumfy, ungain- 


CLOWNISHLY, klow'-nllh-h'-. ad. 
Coarfely, rudely. 

CLOWNISHNESS, klow'-nJIh-ni's. 
f. Rufticity, coarfenefs; incivi- 
lity, brutality. 

CLOWN'S-MUSTARD, klow'nz- 
muf-turd. f. An herb. 

To CLOY, kloy'. v. a. To .'atiate, 
to fate, tofurfeit; to nail up guns, 
by ftriking a fpike into the touch- 

CLOYLESS, kloy '-lis. a. That 
which cannot caufe fatiety. 

CLOYMENT, kloy'-ment. f. Sa- 
tietv, repletion. 

CLUB, klub'. f. A heavy ftick ; the 
name of one of the fuitj of cards; 
the (hot or dividend of a reckon- 
ing ; an afiembly of good fellows ; 
concurrence, contribution, joint 

To CLL1B, klub'. v. n. To contri- 
bute to common expence ; to join 
tc one effect. 

To CLUB, klub'. v. a. To pay a 
common reckoning. 

CLUBHEADED, klub'-hed Id. a. 
Having a thick head. 

CLUBLAW, klub'-li'. f. The law 
of arms. 

GLUBROOM, klub'-rom. f. The 
room in which a club or company 

To CLUCK, kluk'. v. n. To call 
chickens, as a hen. 

CLUMP, klump'. £ A iV.apelefs 
piece of wood; a fmall duller of 

CLUMPS, klimp's. f, A romb- 

CLUMSILY, kl6m'.z^'-Iy. ad. Awk- 

CLUMSINESS, klfira'-z^-n's, f. 
A«kwardnefs, ungainlinefs, want 
of dexterity. 
CLUMSY, kluiTi'-zy'. a. Awkward, 

heavy, unhandy. 
CLUNG, killing'. The preterite and 

participle of Cn xc. 
CLUSTER, k;i.s'-',ur. f. A bunch, 
a number of things of the fame 
kind growing or joined together ; 
a number of animals gathered to- 
gether ; a bodv of people collei.^ed. 

To CLUSTER,' klus'-tur. v. n. To 
grow in bunches. 

To CLUSTER, klus'-tur. v. a. To 
collecl any thing into bodies. 

CLUSTER-GRAPE, klus'-tiir 
grape, f. The fmall black grape, 
called the currant. 

CLUSTERY, klis'.tir-rj\ a. Grow- 
ing in clufters. 

To CLUTCH, klutfli'. V. a. To 
hold in the hand ; to gripe, to 
grafp; to contraft, to double the 

CLUTCH, kUiilh'. f. The gripe, 
grafp, feizure ; the paws, the ta- 

CLUTTER, klut'-tir. f. A noife, 
a buftle, a hurry. 

To CLUTTER, klii'-tir. v. n. 
To mnke a noife or buftle. 

CLYSTER, glis'-tiir. f. An injec- 
tion into the anus. 

To COACERV.'\TE, k6-i-s^r'-vite. 
V. a. To heap up together. 

C0ACERV.-\T10N, k6-4-s^r-va'- 
Ihun. f. The aft of heaping. 

COACH, ko'tfti. f. A carriage of 
pleafure, or ft.Tte. 

To COACH, koifh. v. a. To carry 
in a coach. 

COACH-BOX', ko'tfti-boks. f. The 
feat on which the driver of the 
coach fits. 

COACH-HIRE, k6t(h-hire. f. Mo- 
ney paid for the life of a hired 

COACH-HOUSE, kotfh-hous. f. 
The houfe in which the coach is 
kept from the weather. 

C0.4CHMAN. k6't(h-m4n. f. The 
driver of a coach. 

To CO.AC T, ko-ak't. v. n. To aft 
together in concert. 

COACTION, k6ak'-lhun. f. Com- 
pulfion, force. 

COACTIVE, kO-ak'-tJv. a. Hay- 
ing the force of reftraining or im- 
pelling, compulfory ; afting in 

COADJUMENT. k6-id'-j{t-raent. f. 
Mutu.Tl affiftance. 

CO.ADJUTANT,'-j5-iint. a. 

Helping, co-operating. 
CO.\DJUrOR. k6-id-j6'-tur. f. A 
fellow-helper, an aflillant, an aflb- 

ciata ; in the canon law, one who 

is empowered to perform the duties 

of ano'her. 
COADJUVANCY, k6-id'-JQ-vin-' 

fy. f. Help, concurrent help. 
COADUNITION, ko-ad-fi-nllh'-in. 

f. The conjunftion of different 

fubftances into one mafs. 
To CO.IGMENT, ko-dg-ment'. v. a. 

To congregate. 
CO.-\G\I£NTATION, k6-ig-men- 

la'-lhun. f. Coacervation into one 

mafs, union. 
COAGULABLE, ko-ag'-fi-labl. a. 

That which is capable of concre- 
To COAGUL.^TE, k6-Jg'-i-I4te. 

v. a. ^To force into concretions. 
To CO.\GULATE, k6-ig'-u-lite, 

v. n. To run into concretions. 
COAGULATION, ki-ag-d-ld'-(hiin. 

f. Concretion, congelation ; the 

body formed by coagulation. 
COAGULATIVE, k6-ig'-u-li-tJr, 

a. That which has the power of 

caufing concretion. 
COAGULATOR, kS-ag'-u-li-tur. 

i'. That which caufes coagulation. 
COAL, ko'l. f. The common foflil 

fewel ; the cinder of burnt wood, 

To CC-^L, ko'K v. .T. To burn 

wood to charcoal ; to delineate 

with a coal. 
COAL-BLACK, ko'l-blak. a. Black 

in the higheft degree. 
COAL-BOX, ko'i-boks. f. A bo.x 

to car.-v coals to the fire. 
CO.-\L-MJNE, ko'l-mlne. f. A 

mine in which coals are dug. 
COAL-PIT, ko'l-pi't. f. A pit for 

digging coals. 
COAL-STONE, kul-fione. f. A 

fort of cannel coal. 
COAL- WORK, k6'l-ttirk..f. A 

coalery, a place where coals are 

COALERY, kol'-yer-y. f. A place 

where coals are dug. 
To COALESCE, ko-a-Ies'. v. n. 

To unite in maffcs ; to grow toge- 
ther, to join. 
COALESCENCE, ko-iles'-sens. f. 

Concretion, union. 
COALITION. ko-a-IIlV-un. f. U- 

nion in one mafs or body. 
CO.'\LY, ko -l>^. a. Containing coal. 
COAPTATION, ko-ap'-ta-fhun. f. 

The adjullmenc of parts to each 

To CCARCT, koirk't. v. a. To 




(Iraigliten, to confine ; to tontrafk 

COARCTATION, ko irk-ta-fhun. 
f. Confinement, reflraint to a nar- 
row fpace ; coniraftion of any 
Tpace ; rellraint of liberty. 

COARSE, ko'rfe. a. Not refined ; 
rude, uncivil; groG ; inelegant; 
unaccomplidied by education ; 
mean, vile. 

COARSELY, korfe-ly. ad. With- 
out finenefs, meanly, not elegant- 
ly ; rudely, not civilly ; inelegant- 


COARSENESS, korfe-nls. f. Im- 
purity, unrefined Hate ; roughnefs, 
want of finenefs ; gro/Tnefs, want 
■of delicacy; roughnefs, rudenefs 
of manners; meannefs, want of 

COAST, ko ft. f. The edge or mar- 
gin of the land next the fea, the 
ftiore ; 'Ihe Coaft is clear, the dan- 
ger is over. 

To COAST, ko'ft. V. n. To fail 
clofe by the coaft. 

To COAST, ko'ft. V. a. To fail 
by, or near a place. 

COASTER, kof-tur. f. He that 
fails timoroufly near the fhore. 

COAT, kot. f. The upper gar- 
ment ; petticoat, the habit of a 
boy in his infancy, the lower part 
of a woman's drefs ; vefture, as de- 
monllrative of the office ; the co- 
vering of any animal ; any tegu- 
ment ; that on which the enfigns 
aimorial are portrayed. 

To COAT, ko t. v. a. To cover, to 

To COAX, ko'ks. v. a. To wheedle, 
to flatter. 

COAXER, kokf-ur. f. A wheedler. 
a flatterer. 

COB, kob'. f. The head or top. 

COB, kob'. f. A fort of fea- 

COBALT, kob'-ilt. f. A marcafite 
plentifully impregnated with arfe- 

To COBBLE, kub'l. v. a. To mend 
any thing coarfely ; to do or make 
any thiii;^ clumfily. 

COBBLER, kob'-lur. f. Am«nder 
of old fh'jcs ; a clumfy workman 
in gcnirJ ; any mean perfon. 

COBIRONS, kob'-i-urnz. f. Irons 
with a knob at the upper end. 

COBISIlOl', k6.blfli'-up. f. A co- 
adjut; nt bifliop. - 

CDBiNUr, kob'-nut. f. A boy's 

COBSWAN, kob'-fwon. L The 
head or leading fwan. 

LOUVVEB, k6b'-w6b. f. The web 

or ret of a fpider; any fnarc or 

COCCIFEROUS, k6k-sif'-fe-rus. a. 
Plants are fo called that have ber- 

COCHINEAL, kutfli' I'n-^I. f. An 
infect from which a red colour is 

COCHLEARY, ko'-kle-ar-y. a. 

COCHLEATED, k6'-k!e-a-iid. a. 
Of a fcrewed or turbinated form. 

COCK, kok'. f. The male to the 
hen; the male of any fmall birds; 
the weathercock, that fhews the 
direftion of the wind ; a fpout to 
let out water or any other liquor at 
will ; the notch of an arrow ; the 
part of the lock of a gun that 
ftrikes with flint ; a cockboat, a 
fmall boat; a fmall heap of hay; 
the form of a hat ; the ftyle of a 
dial ; the needle of a balance ; 
Cock-a-Hoop, triumphant, exult- 

To COCK, kok'. V. a. To fct ereft, 
to hold bolt upright ; to fet up the 
hat with an air of petulance ; to 
mould the form of the hat ; to fix 
the cock of a gun for a difcharge ; 
to raife hay in fmall heaps. 

To COCK, kok'. v.n. To ftrut, to 
hold up the bead ; to train or ufe 
fighting cocks. 

COCKADE, kok-ku'de. f.A rib- 
band worn in the hat. 

COCKATRICE, kok' i-trls. f. A 
fejpent fuppofed to rife from a 
cock's egg. 

COCKBO.Vr, kik'-b/lit. f. A fmall 
boat belonging to a (hip. 

COCKBROATH, k'ik'-br6ih. f. 
Bronth made by boiling a cock. 

COCKCROVVJNCi, kok'-kro-ing. f. 
The time at which cocks crow. 

To COCKER, k(')k'-kur. v. a. To 
fondle, to indulge. 

COCKER, kok'-kur. f. One who 
follows the fport of cockfighting. 

COCKEREL, kok'-kc-rll. f. A 
young cock. 

COCKET, kok'-klt. f. A feal be- 
longing to the king's cuftomhoofe ; 
likewifea fcroll of paichment deli- 
vered by the officers of the cullom- 
houfe to merchants, as a warrant 
that their merchandize is entered. 

COCKFIGHT, kok'-fitc. f. A 
match of cocks. 

COCKHORSE, kc'.k'-hArfe. a. On 
horfcback, triumphant. 

COCKLE, kik'J f. A fmall iliell- 

t:0CKLESTA]RS, k.'»kl-fta'rs. f. 
\\ inding or fpiral flairs. 

COCKLE, kik'l. f. A weed that 

grows in corn, corn-rofe. 
To COCKLE, kok'l. v. a. To con- 

trafl into wrinkles. 
COCKLED, kok'ld. a. Shelled, or 

COCKLOFT, kok'-loft. f. The 

room over the garret. 
COCKMASTER, kok'-maf-tiir. f, 

One that breeds game cocks. 
COCKMATCH, kok'-mitih. f. 

Cockfight for a prize. 
COCKNEY, kok'-ny. f. A native 

of London ; any effeminate, low 

COCKPIT, kok'-pi't. f. The area 

where cocks fight ; a place on the 

lower deck of a man of war. 
COCK'SCOMB, k6kT-k6m. f. A 

plant, loufewort. 
COCK'SHEAD. kok'f-hed. f. A 

plant, fainfoin. 
COCKSHUT, kok'-fhut. f. " The 

clofe of the evening, at which time 

poultry go to rooft. 
COCKSPUR, kok'-fpiir. f. Virgi- 
nian hawthorn. A fpeciesof medlar. 
COCKSURE, kok'-lho'r. a. Con- 
fidently certain. 
COCKSWAIN, kok'-fun. f. The 

officer that has the command of the 

cockboat. Corruptly Coxon. 
COCKWEED, kok'-wed. f. A plant, 

dittander or pepperwort. 
COCOA, ko-ko. f. A fpecies of 

COC TILE, kok'-tll. a. Made by 

COCTION, kok'-flii'm. f. The aft 

of boiling. 
COD, k6d'. 1 r ^r ko, 

CODFISH, kid'-fifh. i '• ^ '"■'"''• 
COD, kod'. f. Any cafe or hulk in 

v^'hich feeds are lodged. 
To COD, kod'. v. a. Toindofein 

a cod. 
CODE, ko'de. f. A book ; a book 

of the civil Jaw. 
CODICIL, kod'-y-sll. f. An ap- 
pendage to a will. 
CODILLE, ko-dii'. f. A term at 

ombre and quadrille. 
foCODLE, kt)d'l. v. a. To parboil. 
CODLING, kod'-ling. f. An apple 

generally cod led. 
COEl-FICACY, ko-ef'-fi-ka-fy. f. 

The power of feveral things aCHng 

COLFFICIENCY, ko cf-fi(h'-cn-fy. 

f. Co-operation, the ftate of ad- 

ing together to fome fingle end. 
COEFFICIENT, koef-fini'-cnt. f. 

That which unites its ailion with 

the aflion of another. 
COEMPIION, ko-cmp'-nu'in. f. 




The aft of baying up the whole 
quanli'v of any thing. 

COEQUAL, l<6-e'-qual. a. Equal. 

COEQUALITY, ko-e-qual'-l-ty. f. 
The Itate of being equal. 

To COERCE, ko-er'fe. v. a. To 
rertrain, to keep in order by force 

COERCIBLE, ko-er-'sibl. a. Thu 
may be reilrained ; that ought to 
be reftrained. 

COERCIOiN, ko-er'-fhun. f. Peoal 
reftraint, check. 

COERCIVE, k6-er'-slvr. a. That 
which has tke power of laying re- 
flraint; that which has the autho- 
rity of reftraining by punilhment. 

COESSENTIAL, ko-ef-fen'-fii.^!. a. 
Participating cf the fame ert'ence. 

Ihil'-i-ty. f. Participation of the 
fame eflence. 

COETANEOUS, ko-e-ta'-nyus. a. 
Of the fame age with another. 

COETERNAL, ko-e-ter'-nal. a. 
Equally eternal with another. 

COETERNALLY, ko-e-ter'-nal-ly. 
ad. In a ftate of equal eternity 
with another. 

COETERNITY, ko-e-ter'-ni-ty. f. 
Having exiftence from eternity 
equal with another eternal being. 

COEVAL, ko-e-val. a. Of the 
fame age. 

COEVAL, ko-e-val. f. A contem- 

COEVOUS, kb-i'-vlis. a. Of the 
fame age. 

To COEXIST, ko-eg-zift'. v. n. To 
exift at the fawie time with another. 

COEXISTENCE, ko-eg-zis'-tenfe. 
f. Exiftence at the fame time with 

COEXISTENT, ko-eg-zis'-tent. a. 
Having exiftence at the fame time 
with another. 

To COEXTEND, ko-ekf-tend'. v. a. 
To extend to the fame fpace or du- 
ration with another. 

COEXTENSION, k6'-ek-ften'-ftiun. 
f. The ftate of extending to the 
fame fpace with another. 

COFFEE, kuf'-fy. f. The coffee- 
tree; the berries of the cofFee-tree ; 
a drink made by the infufion of 
thofe berries in hot water. 

COFFEEHOUSE, kof'-fy-houfe. f. 
A houfe where coftee is fold. 

COFFEEMAN,k6i'-fy-man.f. One 
that keeps a coffeehoufe. 

COFFEEPOT, kof'-f)'-pot. f. The 
covered pot in which coffee is boiled. 

COFFER, U'-fur. f. Aclieft gene- 
rally for keeping money ; in forti- 
fication, a hollow lodgment acrofs 
a dry moat. 

To COFFER, k6'-fiir. v. s. To 

treafure up in chefts. 
COFFERER, ko-fc-rur. f. A prin- 
cipal officer of his majefty's court, 
next under the comptroller. 
COFFIN, koP-fin. f. 1 he cheft in 
which dead bodie- are put into the 
ground ; a mould of pafte for a 
pye ; Cofiin of a horfe, is the whole 
hocf cf :'.e fiot above the coronet, 
includin?, the cofh'n bone. 
To COFFiN, kol'-fin. v. a. To in- 

clofe in a cofKn. 
To COG, kog'. v. a. To flatter, to 
wheedle ; to obtrude by falfehood; 
To cog a die, to fecure it, fo as to 
direfl its fall. 
To COG, kog'. V. n. To lye, to 

COG, kog'. f. The tooth of a wheel, 
by which it z&s upon another 
To COG, kog'. V. a. To fix cogs 

in a wheel. 
COGENCY, kb'-iin-{f. f. Force, 

COGENT, ko'-jent. a. Forcible, 

refiftlefs, convincing. 
COGENTLY, k6'.j^nt-l^. ad. With 

refiftlefs force, forcibly. 
COGGER, kog'-ur. f. A flatterer, 

a wheedler. 
COGGLESTONR, k6g'l-ft6ne. f. 

A little ftone. 
COGITABLE, k6dzh'-{-t6bI. a What 

may be the fubjeft of thought. 
To COGITATE, kodzh'-{-tAte. v.n. 

To think. 
COGITATION, k6dzh-I-t4'-(l»'m. 
f. Thought, the aft of thinking ; 
purpofe, refledlion previous to ac- 
tion ; meditation. 
COGITATIVE, k6dzh'-{-ta-tiv. a. 
Having the power of thought; 
given to meditation. 
COGN.ATION, kig-na'-(hun. f. 
Kindred, relation, participation of 
the fame nature. 
COGNISEE, kon'-y-zc'. f. He to 
whom a line in lands or tenements 
is acknowledged. 
COGNISOUR, kon'-y-zor. f. Is he 
that pafleth or acknowledgeth a 
COGNITION, kog-nifh'-iin. f. 

Knowledge, complete conviflion. 
COGNITIVE, kog'-nl-tiv. a. Hav- 
ing the power of knov.'ing. 
COGNIZABLE, kon'-y-zeljl. a. 
That falls under judicial notice; 
proper to be tried, judged, or exa- 
COGNIZANCE, kon' y-zinfe. f. 
Judicial notice, trial ; a badge, by 
which any one is known. 

COGNOMINAL, kog-nom'-I-nil. 

a. Having the fame name. 
COGNOMINATION, fcog-nom-r. 
na'-fhun. f. A furname, the nam« 
of a family ; a name added from 
any accident or quality. 
COGNOSCENCE, k6g-n6s'-sens. f. 

COGNOSCIBLE, kog-nos'-sIW. a. 

That may be known. 
To COHABIT, ko-hab'-ft. v. n. To 
dwell with another in the fame 
place ; to live together as hulband 
and wife. 
COHABIT.ANT, ko-hib'-I-tant. f. 

An inhabitant of the fame place. 
COHABITATION, ko-hab-I-ta'- 
fhun. f. The flate of inhabiting 
the fame place with another ; the 
ftate of living together as married 
COHEIR, koe're. f. One of fevei 
ral among whom an inheritance is 
COHEIRESS, ko-^'-ris. f. A wo- 
man who has an equal fhare of aa 
To COHERE, k6-he're. v. n. To 
ftick together; to be well connect- 
ed ; to fuit, to fit ; to agree. 
COHERENCE, ko-he'-renfe. 7 , 
COHERENCY, k6-hc'-rcn-fy. J '• 
That ftate of bodies in which their 
parts are joined together, fo that 
they refift feparation ; Connexion, 
dependency, the relation of parts 
or things one to another ; the tex- 
ture of a difcourfe ; confiftency in 
reafoning, or relating. 
COHERENT, ko-he'-rent. a. Stick- 
ing together; fuitable to fomething 
elfe, regularly adapted ; confiftent, 
not contradiftory. 
COHESION, ko-he'-zhun. f. The 
aft of fticking together ; the ftate of 
union ; conneftion, dependence. 
COHESIVE, k6-he-sfv. a. That 
has the power of fticking together, 
COHESIVENESS, ko-he'-siv-ni*. f. 

The qualitv of being cohefive. 
To COHIBIT, ko-hib'-it. v. a. To 

reftrain, to hinder. 
To COHOBATE, ko -ho-bate. v. a. 
To pcur the diftiHed liquor upon 
the remaining matter, and diftillit 
COHOBATION, ko ha-ba'-(hun. f. 
A returning of any diftilled liquor 
again upon what it was withdrawn 
COHORT, k^'-hort. f. A troop of 
foldlers, containing about five hun- 
dred foot ; a body of warriors. 
COHORTATION. ko-hor-ta'-fhun. 
f. Incitement. 





COIF, kwoi'f. /. The head-drefs, a 

XOIFED, J;\voiTt. a. Wearing a 

COIGN'E, koi'n. f. A corner. 

To COIL, koi'l. V. a. To gather 
into a narrow compafs. 

COIL, koi'l. f. Tumult, turmoil, 
bufile ; a rope wound into a ring. 

COIN, koi'n. f. A corner, called 
often quoin, 

COIN, koi'n. f. Money ttamped 
with a legal impreinon ; payment 
of any kind. 

To COIN, koi'n. V. a. To mint or 
rtamp metals for money ; to forge 
any thing, in an ill fenfe. 

COINAGE, koi'-ildzh. f. Thea£l 
or praflice of coining money ; coin, 
money ; the charges of coining 
money; forgery, invention. 

To COINCIDE, ko-in-si'de. v. n. 
To fall upon the fame point ; to 

COINCIDENCE, ki in'-fy-denfe. f. 
The ftate of feveral bodies or lines, 
falling upon the fame point; con- 
currence, tendency of things to the 
fame end. 

COINCIDENT, ko-in'-fy-dcnt. a. 
Falling upon the fame point ; con- 
current, confillent, equivalent. 

COINDICATION, ko-in-dy-ka'- 
ihiin. f. Many fympioms beto- 
kening the fame caufe. 

COINER, koi'-nur. f. A maker of 
money, a minter; a counterfeiter 
of the king's (lamp; an inventor. 

To COJOIN, ko-joi'n. v. n. To 
join with another. 

COISTRIL, koiT-tril. f. A coward 

COIT, kwoi't. f. A thing thrown 
at a certain mark. 

-COITION, ko-{(h'-un. f. Copula- 
tion, the aft of generation ; the .id 
by which two bodies come together. 

COKE, koke. f. Fewel made by 
burning pit-coal under earth, and 
quenching the cinders. 

COLANDER, kul'-Iin-dur. f. A 
fieve through which a mixture is 
poured, and which retains the thick- 
er parts. 

COLATION, ko-la'-Ihun, f. The 
art of filtering or draining. 

COLATURE, Io-l:'i-ture. f. The 
arc of draining, filtration ; the 
matter drained. 

COLBERTINE, kol-bir-tc'n. f. A 
kind of lace worn by women. 

COLD, kold. a. Chill, h.iving 

ftnfc of cold; having cold qu.-Ji- 

ties, not volatile ; frigid, without 

paffion ; unaffefting, unable to move 


thepaflions; referved, coy, notaf- 
feftionate, not cordial; chade; not 

COLD, ko'ld. f. The caufe of the 
fenuuion of Culd, the privation of 
heat ; the fenfation of cold, chil- 
nefs; a difeilfe caufed by cold, the 
obdruiftion of perfpiration. 

COLDLY, k6'id-ly. ad. Without 
heat; without concern, indifFerent- 
K', nfgligenilv. 

COLDNESS, k'o'ld-nls. f. Want of 
heat ; unconcern ; frigidity of 
temper; coynefs, want of kind- 
ncfs ; chadity. 

COLE, kolc. f. Cabbage. 

COLEWORT, ki'Ie-wurt. f. Cab- 

eOUCK, kol'-i':. f. It driftly is 
a diforder of the colon ; but loofe- 
ly, any diforder of the ftomach or 
bowels that is attended with pain. 

COLICK, kol'-ik. a. AfFeaing the 

To COLLASPE, kol-l:\p's- v. n. To 
clofe fo as that one fide touches the 
other; to fall together. 

date of velTels clofed ; the adl of 
clofirg or collapfing. 

COLLAR, kol'-lur. f. A ring of 
metal put round the neck ; the har- 
nefs fadened about the horfe's neck; 
To dip the Collar, to difcntangle 
himfelf from any engagement or 
diiliculty ; a Collar of brawn, is 
the quantity bound up in one par- 

COLLAR-BONE, koMur-bone. f. 
The clavicle, the bones on each 
fide of the neck. 

To COLLAR, kol'-lur. v. a. To 
feize by the collar, to take by th- 
throat; To Collar beef, or other 
meat, to roll it up, and bind it 
hard and clofe with a dring or col- 

To COLLATE, kol-Ia'te. v. a. To 
compare one thing of the fame kind 
with another ; To Collate books, to 
examine if nothing be wanting; to 
place in an ecclcfiadical benefice. 

COLLATERAL, k(M-lii'-te-ral. a. 
Side to fide ; running parallel ; 
difl'uftd on eicher fide ; thofe that 
ftand in equal relation to fome an- 
cedor ; not dircft, not immediate ; 

COLLATERALLY, kol-lai'-ic-rAl- 
ly. ad. Side by iide ; indireitly ; 
in coll iteial relation. 

COLLATION, kol-la'-d.un. f. Tht 
aift of conferring or bedowing, 
gift; comparifon of one thing of 
the fame kind with another; in 

law, collation is the bedowing of 3 

benefice ; a reoad. 
C0LL.-\T1T10US, kol-lJ-tllh'-us. 
a. Done by the contribution of 

COLLATOR, kol-l.i'-tur. f. One 
that compares copies, or manu- 
fcripts; one who prefents to an ec- 
clcfiadical benefice. 

To COLLAUD, kol-li'd. v. a. To 
join in praifing. 

COLLEAGUE, kol'-lcg. f. A part- 
ner in ofiice or emplos'menc. 

To COLLEAGUE, kol-lc'g. v. a. 
To unite with. 

ToCOLLECr, kol-lek't. v. a. To 
gather together ; to draw many 
units into one funi; to gain from 
obfervation ; to infer from premi- 
fcs ; To Collecl himfelf, to rscovcr 
from furprife. 

COLLECT, kol'-lekt. f. Any diort 

COLLECTANEOUS, kol-lek-ta'- 
nyus. a. Gathered together. 

COLLECTIBLE, kol-lek'-ilbl. a. 
That which may be gathered from 
the premifes. 

COLLECTION, kol-lek'-diun. f. 
The ail of gathering together ; the 
things g.Tthered ; a confedary, de- 
duced from premifes. 

COLLECTITIOUS, kol-lek-tiiV- 
iis. a. Gathered together. 

COLLECTIVE, kol-lek'-tiv. a. Ga- 
thered into one mafs,aocumulativei 
employed in deducing confequen- 
ces ; a colleiftive noun expredes z 
multitude, though itfelf be Angu- 
lar, as a compiny. 

COLLECTIVELY, kol-Iek'-tiv-I^. 
ad. In a general mafs, in a body, 
not fingly. 

COLLECTOR, kol-lek'-tur. f. A 
gatherer ; a tax-gatherer. 

COLLEGATARY, kol-ldg'-a-ter-f; 
f. A perfon to whom is left a le- 
gacy in common with one or 

COLLEGE, kol'-lulzh. f. A com- 
munity ; a focicty of men fet apart 
for learning or religion ; the houfe 
in which the collegians refide. 

COLLEGIAL, kol-le-jol. a. Re- 
lating to a college. 

COLLEGIAN, kol-le'-jen. f. An 
inhabitant of a college. 

COLLLGI.\TE, kol-lc'jc-t. a. Con^ 
taining a college, inttituted after 
the manner of a college; a colle- 
giate church, was fuch as was built 
at a didance from the cathedral, 
wherein a number of prefbyters 
lived together. 

COLLEGIA rE, k61-lc'-jct. f. A 




member of a college, an univerfity 

COLLET, kil'-lit. f. Somethrng 
that went about the neck; that 
part of a rirg in which the ftone 
is fet. 

To COLLIDE, kol-li'de. v. a. To 
beat, todafli, to knock tcgether. 

COLLIER, kol'-yer. f. A digger 
of coals ; a dealer in coals; a Ihip 
that carries coals. 

COLLIERY, koi'-yer-y. f. The 
place where coals are dug ; the 
coal trade. 

COLLIFLOWER, kol'-ly-flow-ur. 
f. A kind of cabbage. 

COLLIG.ATION, kol-Iy-ga'-ihun. 

• f. A binding together. 

COLLIMATiON, kol-li-mi'-fhun. 
f. Aim. 

COLLINE.'\TION, k61-iIn-)''-u'- 
fliiin. f. The aft of aiming. 

COLLIQPABLE, kol-lik'-wabl. a. 
Eafily diffolved. 

COLLIQUAMEKT, kol-Hk'-wa- 
ment. I. The fubftance to which 
any thing is reduced by being melt- 

COLLIQUANT, k61'-l^kwSnt. a. 
That which has the power of melt- 

To COLLIQUATE, kol'-ly-kwate. 
V. a. To melt, to diflblve. 

COLLIQUATION, kol-ly-kwa'- 
flii'in. f. The ad cf melting ; a 
la.\ or diluted ftate of the fluids in 
animal bodies. 

COLLIQUATIVE, kol-llk'-wa-tlv. 
a. Melting, diflblvent. 

vv^-fak'-ihun. f. The aft of melt- 
ing tcnethcr. 

COLLISION, ku!-lizh'-un. f. The 
aft of ttriking two bodies together ; 
the ftate of being llruck together, a 

To COLLOCATE, k61'-16-kate. 
V. a. To place, to rtation. 

COLLOCATION, kol-16-ka'-niiin. 
f. The aft of placing ; the ilate 
of being placed. 

COLLOCUTION, kol-lO-ku'-diun. 
f. Conference, converfation. 

To COLLOGUE, ko!-16'g. v. n. 
To wheedle, to flatter. 

COLLOP, kol'-lup. f. A fmall 
flice of meat ; a piece of an ani- 
COLLOQUY, kol'-16-kwy-. f. Con- 
ference, converfation, talk. 
COLLULTANCY, koi-liik'-tan-fy. 
f. Oppofition of nature. 

COLLUCTATION, k61-lik-t:V- 
ihun. f. Conteli, contrariety, op- 

To COLLUDE, I .M-UVde. v. n. To 
confpire in a fraud. 

COLLUSION, kol-hV-zhun. f. A 
deceitful agreement or compaft be- 
tvveen two or more. 

COLLUSIVE, kol-lu'-slv. a. Frau- 
dulently concerted. 

COLLUSIVELY, kol-lu'-slv-ly-. ad. 
In a manner fraudulently concerted. 

COLLUSORY, k6!-lu' fiir-y. a. Car- 
rving on a fraud by fecret concert. 

COLLY, kol'-I)'-. f. The fmut of 

COLLYRIUM, kol-l^'-ryum. f. An 
ointment for the eyes. 

COLMAR, ko'l-mar. f. A for^ of 

COLON, k6'-!6n. f. A point [:] 
ufed to mark a paufe greater than 
that of a comma, and lefs than 
that of a period ; the greateft and 
widcll of all the inteltines. 

COLONEL, kiir'-nel. f. The chief 
commander of a reaimenr. 

COLONELSHIP, kiir'-nel-flifp. f. 
The office or charafter of colonel. 

To COLONISE, kol-O-ni'ze. v. a. 
To plant with inhabitants. 

COLONNADE, kul-l6-na'de. f. A 
perillile of a circular figure, or a 
feries of columns, difpofed in a 
circle; any feries or range of pil- 

COLONY, kol'-un-y. f. A body of 
people drawn from the mother- 
country to inhabit fome diflant 
place; the country planted, a plant- 

COLOQUINTEDA, kol'-lo-kwin'- 
tl-da. f. The fruit of a plant of 
the fame name, called bitter apple. 
It is a violent purgative. 

COLORATE, k6i'-6-r4te. a. Co- 
loured, died. 

COLOR.'\TION, kol-o-ri'-niiin. f. 
The art or praftice of colouring ; 
the ftate of being coloured. 

COLORIFICK, ko-lo-rlf'-ik. _ a. 
That has the power of producing 

COLOSSE, ko-los'. 7f. A 

COLOSSUS, ko-los'-sus. J fiatue 
of enormous magnitude. 

COLOSSEAN, ko-lof-fe'-in. a. Gi- 

COLOUR, kul'-lur. f. The ap- 
pearance of bodies to the eye, hue, 
die ; the appearance of blood in 
the face; the tint of the painter ; 
the reprefentation of any thing i'u- 
pe/ficially examined; palliation; 
appearance, falfe ftiew ; in the plu- 
ral, a ftandard, an enfign of war. 

To COLOUR, kul'-lur. V. 3. To 
mark with fome hue, or die ; to 

p.-jlliate, to excufe ; to make plau- 

COLOURABLE, kul'-lur-iibl. a. 
Specious, plaufible. 

COLOUR ABLY, kijl'-lur-ub-ly-. ad. 
Speciouflv, plaufibiy. 

COLOURED, kul'-lurd. part. a. 
Streaked, diverfificd with hues. 

COLOURING, kul'-lur-ing, f. The 
part of the painter's arc that teaches 
to lay on his colours. 

COLOURIST, ki'ii'-lur-ilt. f. A 
painter who excels in giving the 
proper colours to his defigns. 

COLOURLESS, kiii'-lur-li:. a. With- 
out colour, tranfparent. 

COLT, kolt. f. A young horfe ; a 
younff foolifti fellow. 

To COLT, k6lt. V. a. To befool. 

COLTS-FOOT, kolts-fut. f. A 

^ COLTS-TOOTH, ko'Its-ioth. f. 
An imperfeft tooth in young horfes; 
a love of youthful pleafure. 

COLTER, 'ko'l-tur. f. The fharp 
iron of a plough. 

COLTISH, ko'l-tidi. a. Wanton. 

COLUMBARY, ko-lum'-ba-ry. f. 
A dovecot, a pigeonhoufe. 

COLUMBINE, kol'-um-bine. f. A 
plant with leaves like the meadow- 
rue ; the name of a female charac- 
ter in a pantomime. 

COLUMN, kol'-lum. f. A round 
pillar ; any body prefling vertically 
upon its bafe ; the long file or row 
of troops; half a page, when di- 
vided into two equal parts by a line 
paffing through the middle. 

COLUMNAR, ki-liim'-nar. 

a. Formed in columns. 

COLURES, ko-Iu'rz. f. Two great 
circles fuppofed to pafs through the. 
poles of the world. 

COMART, k6-mart. f. Treaty ; 

COMATE, k&'-ma'te. f. Compa- 

COMB, k6'me. f. An inftrument 
to feparate and adjuft the hair ; iha 
top or crcft of a cock ; the cavities 
in which the bees lodge their honey. 

To COMB, ko'm. v. a. To divide, 
and adjuft the hair; to lay any 
thing confifling of filaments fmoaih, 
as to comb wool. 

COMB-BRUSH, kom-bn'ifh. f. A 
brufh to clean combs. 

COMB-MAKER, kom-ma kiir. f. 
One whofe trade is to make combs. 

To COMBAT, kum'-bi'it. v. n. To 

O 2 To 

lar. "% 

liim-na'- t 




To COMBAT, kiim'-but. v, a. To 

COMBAT, kv'im'-but. f. Conteft, 
battle, duel. 

COMBATANT, kum'-ha-tant. f. 
He that fights with another, anta- 
gonift ; a champion. 

COMBER, ko-mur. f. He whofe 
trade is to difentangle wool, and 
lay it fmooth for the fpinner. 

COMBINATE, kom'-bi-nate. a. 
Betrothed, promifed. 

COMBINATION, k6m-bl-na'-(hun. 
f. Union for fome certain pur- 
pofe, afTociation, league ; union 
of bodies, commixture, conjunc- 
tion ; copulation of ideas. 

To COMBINE, kum-bi'ne. v. a. To 
join together; to link in union; 
to agree, to accord ; to join toge- 
ther, oppcfed to Analyfe. 

To COMBINE, kum-bi'ne. v. _n. 
To coalefce, to unite each with 
other; to unite in friendfhip or de- 
fien, often in a bad fenfe. 

COMBLESS, kum-lis. a. Wanting 
a comb or creft. 

COMBUST, kom-bull'. a. A planet 
rot above eight degrees and a half 
from the fun, is faid to be Combuft. 

COMBUSTIBLE, kom-bus'-tlbl. a. 
Sufceptibleof fire. 

tibl-nis. f. Aptnefs to take fire. 

COMBUSTION, k6m-bus'-t(hun. f. 
Conflagration, burning, confunip- 
tion by fire; tumult, hurry, hub- 

To COME, kiim'. V. a. To remove 
from a diftant to a nearer place, op- 
pofed to Go; to draw near, to ad- 
vance towards ; to move in any 
man^ er towards another ; to attain 
any condition; to happen, to fall 
out ; To come about, to come to 
pafs, to fall out, to change, to 
come round ; To come again, to 
return; To come at, to reach, to 
obtain, to gain ; To come by, to 
obtain, to gjin, to acquire; I'o 
come in, to enter, to comply, to 
yield, to become jrodith ; To 
come in for, to be early enough to ; '^ o come in tr, to join 
with, to bring help; to con;ply 
with, to sgree to; »o come near, 
to appro ch in excellence ; To 
come c,f, to proceed, as a defcend- 
ent from ancellors ; to proceed, as 
effec.? from their caufet ; To come 
off, to deviate, to depart from a 
rule, iij efcape ; To come off from, 
to leave, to forbear; To come on, 
to adv.ince, to make progrefs; to 
iLiivance to combat; to thrive, to 

grow big ; To come over, to re- 
peat an aft, to revolt; To come 
out, to be made publick, to appear 
upon trial, to be difcovered ; To 
come out with, to give vent to ; 
To come to, to confent or yield ; 
to amount to; To come to him- 
felf, to recover his fenfes ; To come 
to pafs, to beefi^eded, to fall out ; 
To come up, to grow out of the 
ground ; to make appearance ; to 
come into ufe ; To come up to, to 
amount to, to rife to; To come 
up with, to overtake; To come 
upon, to invade, to attack; To 
come, in futurity. 

COME, kilim'. Be quick, make no 

COME, kum'. A particle of recon- 
ciliation. Come, come, at all I 
lau^h he laughs no doubt. 

COMEDIAN, kum-me-dyan. f. A 
player or after of comick parts ; a 
player in general, an aftrefs or 

COMEDY, kom'-mc-dy. f. Adra- 
matick reprefentation of the lighter 
faults of mankind. 

COMELINESS, kum'-l>--nls. f. 
Grace, beauty, dignity. 

COMELY, kiim'-ly. a. Graceful, 

COMER, kum'-mur. f. One that 

COMET, kum'-it. f. A heavenly 
body in the planetary region ap- 
pearing fuddenly, and again difap- 

COMETARY, kom'-me-tar-y. 7 

COMETICK, ko-met'-ik. J ^• 

Relating to a comet. 

COMFri, kum'-fit. f. A kind of 

COMFITURE, kum'-fi-iure. f. 

To COMFORT, kum'-furt. v. a. 
To ftrengthen, to enliven, to in- 
vigorate ; to confole, to ftrengthen 
the mind under calamity. 

COMFORT, kiint'-furt. i'. Support, 
afliftance ; countenance; confola- 
tion ; fupport under calamity ; that 
which gives confblaiion or fupport. 

COMFORTABLE, kum'-fur-ii'iol. a. 
Receiving comfort, fufceptible cif 
comfort, difpenfin^ comfort. 

COM FORI ABLY, "kum'-fur-tub-ly. 
ad. With comfort, without defpair. 

COMFORTER, kum'-fiir-iur. f. One 
that adniinifters confolation in mil-; the title of the third 
pcrfon of the Holy Trinity ; the 

COMFORTLESS, kim'-fiirt-lis. a. 
Without comfort. 

COMICAL, kim'-ml-kil. a. Raif- 
ing mirth, merry, diverting; re- 
lating to comedy, befitting comC' 

COMICALLY, kom'-ml kal-ly. ad. 
In fuch a manner as raifes mirth ; 
in a manner befitting comedv. 

COMIC.ALNESS, kom'-mi-kil-nls. 
f. The quality of being comical. 

COMICK, ktW-mlk. a. Relating 
to comedy ; raifing mirth. 

COMING, kiim'-ming. f. The aft 
of coming, approach ; ftate of be- 
ing come, arrival. 

COMING-IN, kum-ming-ln'. f. 
Revenue, income. 

COMING, kum'-mlng. a. For- 
ward, ready to come; future, to 

COMING, kum'-ming. part. a. 
Moving from fome other to this 
place ; ready to come. 

COMITIAL, k6-me'-(hal. a. Re- 
lating to the aflemblies of the 

COMITY, kom'-I-ty. f. Courtefy, 

COMMA, kom'-ma. f. The point 
which denotes the dillinftion of 
claufes, marked thus f ,]. 

To COMMAND, kum-ma'nd. v. a. 
To govern, to give orders to ; to or- 
der, to direft to be done ; to over- 
look, to have fo fubjeft as that it 
may be feen. 

To COMM.'^ND, kum-ma'nd. v. n. 
To have the fupreme authority. 

COMMAND, kiim-ma'nd. f. The 
right of commanding, power, fu- 
preme authority ; cogent authori- 
ty, dcfpotifm ; the aft of com- 
manding, order. 

COMM.\NDER, kum-man-dur. f. 
He that has the fupreme authority, 
a chief ; a paving beetle, or a very 
great wooden mallet. 

COMMANDERY, ktim-rnk'n-dl-rj-. 
f. A body of the knights of Malta, 
belonging to the fame nation. 

COMMANDMEiVr, kiim-mi'nd- 
ment. f. Mandate, commend, or- 
der, precept; authority, power; 
by way of eminence, the precepts 
of the decalogue given by God to 

COMMANDRESS, kum-mi'n-dn's. 
f A woman inverted with I'upreme 

a. Confining of the fame matter 
with another. 

tiryal'-l-ty. f. Rcfemblance to 
fomething in its matter. 

COMMEMORABLE, kom-m^m'- 
mo ribl. 




mS-ribl. a. Dcferving to be men- 
tioned with honour. 

To COMMEMORATE, kom-mem'- 
jn6-rate. v. a. To preferve the 
memory by fome publick aft. 

jno-ra'-ftiun. f. An aft of publick 

mo-ra-tjv. a. Tending to pre- 
ferve memory of any thing. 

To COMMENCE, kum-men'fe. v. n. 
To bagin, to make beginning; to 
take a new charafter. 

To COMMENCE, kum-menTe. v. a 
To begin, to make a beginning of, 
as to commence a fuit. 

COMMENCEMENT, kum-men'fe- 
ment. f. Beginning date; the 
time when degrees are taken in a 

To COMMEND, kum-mend'. v. a. 
To reprefent as worthy of notice, 
to recommend ; to mention with 
approbation ; to recommend to re- 

a. Laudable, worthy of praife. 

COMMENDABLY, kom'-men-dab- 
ly. ad. Laudably, in a manner 
worthy of commendation. 

COMMENDAM, kom-men'-dum. f. 
Commendam is a benefice, which 
being void, is commended to the 
charge of fome fufficient clerk to 
be fupplied. 

COMMENDATARY, kom-men'- 
da-',a-ry. f One who holds a liv- 
ing in commendam. 

CO MENDATIUN, kom-men-da'- 
Ihun. f. Recommendatic-n, fa- 
vourable reprefentation ; praife, de- 
clantion of elleem. 

COMMENDATORY, kom-men'- 
da-tur-ry a. Fav.jurably repre- 
fentative; ccntainiiig praife. 

COM^lENDER, ko.n-men'-dur. f 

COMMENSALH Y, kom-men-fai'- 
j tv. f FfiliAvftip of table. 

COi\iMENoURAi.iLITY, kom- 
men-iu ra-bir i-ty. f. Capacity 
of being compared with another, as 
to the meafure, or of being mea- 
fured bv another. 

suiabl. a. Reducible to fome 
common meafure, as' a yard and a 
foot are meafured by an inch. 

men'-su-rabl-nis. f. Commenfu- 
xability, proportion. 

To COMMENSURATE, k6m.m*n'- 
su-rate. v. a. To reduce to fome 
common meafure. 

COMMENSURATE, kom-men'-su- 
ret. a. Reducible to fome common 
meafure ; equal, proportionable to 
each other. 

su-ret-ly. ad. With the capacity 
of meafuring, or being meafured 
by fome other thin;;. 

su-ra'-fhun. f. Reduftion of fome 
things to fome common meafure. 

To COMMENT, k6m'-m6nt. v. n. 
To annotate, to write notes, to 

COMA'IENT, k6m'-m^nt. f. An- 
notations on an author, notes, ex- 

COMMENTARY, kbm'-mhn-iic-f. 
f. An expofition, annotation, re- 
mark ; a memoir, narrative in fa- 
miliar manner. 

COMMENTATOR, k6m-m6n-ti'- 
tiir. f. Expolltor, annctator. 

COMMENTER, kom-men'-tur. f. 
An explainer, an annotator. 

COMMENlTriOUS, kom-men- 
[i(h'-us. a. Invented, imaginary. 

COMMERCE, kAm'-merfe. f Ex- 
change of one tning for another, 
trade, traffick. 

lo COMMERCE, kom-merTe. v. n. 
To hold intercourfe 

COMMERCIAL, kom-mer'-flial. a. 
Relating to commerce or traffick. 

COMAiEkE, kom'-n.Sr. f. A com- 
mon mother. Not ufed. 

To COMMIGRATE, kom'-mi- 
grate. v. n. To remove by con- 
lenr, from one country to another 

COMMIGRATION, kom-mi-gra'- 
lliun. f. A removal of a people 
from one country to another. 

COMBINATION, kom-my-na'- 
IhuT. f. A threat, a denunciation 
of punifliment ; the recital of God's 
threatenings on ftated days. 

COMMINAIORY, kom-min'-na- 
iilir-y. a. Denunciatory, threaten- 

To COMMINGLE, ko-n-mlng'l. 
V. a. To mix into one mafs, to 
mix, to blend 

To COMMINGLE, kom-mlng'l. 

V. n. lo unite with another thing. 

COMi'vilXUIBLE, kom-min'-u-iDl. 

a. Frangible, reducible lo powo'er. 

To COMMINUTE, kom-my-niVie. 

V. a. To grind, topulvenfe. 
COMMINUnON, kom-my-nu'- 
ihiin. f. The aft of grinding into 
fmall parts, pulierifation. 
C0MM1SER.ABLE, koai-mlz'-e- 

rabl. a. Worthy of compaffion, 
To COMMISERATE, k6m-mIz'-5- 
rate. v. a. To pity, to companion- 
COMMISERATION, k6m-mi'z 5- 
ra'-lhun. f. Pity, compaffion, ten- 
COMMISSARY, kim'-mif-sdr-^-. f. 
An officer madeoccafionally, a de- 
legate, a deputy; fuch as exercife 
fpiritual jurifdiftion in places of 
the diocefe, far diftant from the 
chief city ; an officer who draws up 
lifts of an army, and regulates the 
procuration of provifion. 
COMMISSARISHIP, kom'-mif-fer. 
y-fhip. f. The office of a com- 
COMMISSION, kum-miih'-un. f. 
The aft of enttufting any thing ; a 
truft, a warrant by which any trull is 
held ; a warrant bv which a military 
officer is conllituted ; charge, man- 
date, office; aft of committing a 
crime: fins of commiffion are dif- 
tinguilhed from fins of omiffion : a 
number of people joined in a trull 
or office ; the ftate of that which is 
intrulled to a number of joint offi- 
cers, .T.-; the broad feal was put into 
commiffion ; the order by which a 
faftor trades for another perfon. 
To COMMISSION, kum-miffi'-iin. 

V. a. To empower, to appoint. 
COMMISSIONER, kum-milh'-un- 
ur. f. One included in a warrant 
of authority. 
COMMISSURE, kom'-milh-iire. f. 
Joint, a place where one part is 
joined to another. 
To COMMIT, kum-mit'. v. a. To 
intruU, to give in trull; to put in 
any place to be kept fafe ; to fend 
to prifon, to imprilbn ; to perpe- 
trate, to do a fault. 
COMMITMENT, kijm-mit'-ment. 
f. Aft of fending to prifon ; an 
order for fending to prifon. 
COMMITTEE, kum-mit'-ty. f. 
Thofe to whom the confideration 
or ordering of any matter is re- 
ferred, either by fome court to 
whom it belongs^ or by confent of 
COMMITTER, kiim-mlt'-tur. f. 

Perpetrator, he that commits. 
COMMITTABLE, kum-mit'-tlbl. 

a. Liable to be committed. 
To COMMIX, kom-mik's. v. a. To 

mingle, to blend. 
COMMiXION, kom-mlk'-fhiin. f. 

Mixture, incorporation. 
COMMIXTURE, kom-mlk's-tlhur. 
f. The aft of mingling, tie flate 



C O M 

of being mingled ; the mafs formed 
by mingling different things, com- 

COMMODE, iiom-mode. f. The 
head-drefs of women. 

COMMODIOUS, kom-mo'-dyus. a. 
Convenient, fuitable, accommo- 
date ; ufcful, fuited to wants or 

ly. ad. Conveniently; witiiout 
diftrefs ; fuitably to a certain pur- 

d)uf-nfs. f. Convenience, advan- 

COMMODITY, kom-mod'-i-ty. f. 
Intcrell, advantage, profit ; con- 
venience of time or place ; wares, 

COMMODORE, k6m-mo-d6're. f. 
The captain who commands a fqua- 
dron of (hips 

COMMON', kom'-miin a. Belong- 
ing equally to more than one ; 
having no pofleflbr or owner ; vul- 
gar, mean, eafy to be had, not 
fcarce ; publick, general; mean, 
without birth ordefcent ; frequent, 
ul'eful, ordinary ; proftitute. 

COMMON, kom'-mun. f. An open 
ground equally ufed by many per- 

To COMMON, kom'-mun. v. n. 
To have a joint right with others 
in fome common ground. 

COMMON LAW, kom-mun-Ia'. f. 
Cuftoms which have by long pre- 
fcription obtained the force of 
laws, dillinguilhed from the ftatute 
law, which owes its authority to 
afls of parliament. 

COMMON PLEAS, kom-mun-ple'z. 
f. The king's court now held in 
Wcftminller-hall, but anciently 

COMMONABLE, kom'-mun-ebl. a. 
What is held in common. 

COMMONAGE, kom'-mun-Idzh. f 
'1 he right of feeding on a common. 

COMMONALTY, kom'-miin-al-ty. 
f. The common people ; the bulk 
of mankind. 

COMMONER, kom'-iin-ur. f. One 
of the common people ; a man not 
noble; a member of the houfe of 
commons; one who has a joint 
right in common ground ; a llu- 
dent of the fecond rank at the uni- 
verfiiy of Oxford ; a proftitute. 

COMMOMTION, kom'-mo-nilli'- 

iin. f. Advice, warning. 
CO.MMONLY, kom'-min-ly'. ad. 
l-'requently, ufually. 

COMMONNESS, k^m'-mun-nis. f. 


Equal psrticipation among many ; 
frequent occurrence, frequenfy. 

To COMMONPLACE, kom-mun- 
pld'fe. V. a. To reduce to general 

mun-pla'fe-bok. f. A book in 
which things to be remembered arc 
ranged under general heads. 

COMMONS, kom'-munz. f. The 
vulgar, the lower people ; the 
lower houfe of parliament, I y which 
the people are reprefented; food, 
fare, diet. 

COMMONWEAL, kom-mim-'j 

COMMONWEALTH, kom- f '' 
mun-w6Iili'. J 

A polity, an eftabliflied form of 
civil life; the publick, the general 
body of the people; a government 
in which the fupreme power is 
lodged in the people, a republick. 

COMMORANCE, kom'-mo- 

COMMORANCY, kom'-mo- 
Dwelling, habitation, refidence 

COMMORANT, kom'-mo-n'mt. a. 
Refident, dwelling. 

COMMOTION, kom-mo'-lhun. f. 
Tumult, dillurbance, combuftion; 
perturbation, diforder of mind, 

COMMOTIONER, k6m-m6'-(him- 
iir. f. A diflurber of the peace. 

To COMMOVE, kom-mcVve. v. a. 
Todifturb, to unfettle. 

To COMMUNE, kom'-miine. v. n. 
To converfe, to impart fentiments 

ny-ka-bil'-i-ty. f. The quality of 
being communicated. 

COMMUNICABLE, kom-miV-ny- 
kdbl. a. That which may become 
the common poflcdion of more 
than one ; that which may be im- 
parted, or recounted. 

COMMUNICANT, kom-mu'-ny- 
kant. f. One who i^ prefcnt, as a 
worfhipper, at the celebration of 
the Lord's Supper. 

ny-kiite. v. a. To impart to others 
what is in our own power; to re- 
veal, to impart knowledge. 

To COMMUNICATE, kom-mu- 
ny-k;ite. v. n. To partake of the 
blefled facrament ; to have fome- 
thing in common with another, as 
The houfes communicate. 

k.i'-rtii'in. f. The aft of imparting 
benefits or knowledge ; common 

boundary or inlet; interchange of 
knowledge ; cbnference, converfa- 

COMMUNICATIVE, kom-mu'-ny- 
ka-tiv. a. Inclined to make ad- 
vantages common, liberal of know- 
ledge, not felfifh. 

mu-ry-ka-tiv-nis. f. Ihequality 
of being communicative. 

COMMUNION, kom-mu'-nyi'in. f. 
Intercourfe, fellowfliip, common 
poITefTion ; the common or publick 
celebration of the Lord's Supper; 
a common or publick aft ; union 
in the common worlhip of any 

COMMUNITY, kim-miV-ny-ty. f. 
The commonw>'alth, the body po- 
litick ; common poflcffion ; fre- 
quency, commonnefs. 

COMMUTABILITY, kom-mu-ti- 
bil'-I-ty. f. The quality of being 
capable of exchange. 

COMMUTABLE, kom-mu'-tabl. a. 
That may be exchanged for fome- 
thing elfe. 

COMMUTATION, kom-mu-ta'- 
fhi'in. f. Change, alteration; ex- 
change, the aft of giving one thing 
for another; ranfo.ii, the aft of 
exchanging a corporal for a pecu- 
niary punilhment. 

COMMUTATIVE, kom-mu'-ta-t!^. 
a. Relative to exchange. 

To COMMUTE, kom-miVte. v. a. 
To exchange, to put one thing in 
the place of another ; to buy off, 
or ranfum one obligation by an- 

To COMMUTE, kom-mu'te. v. n. 
To atone, to bargain for exemp- 

COMMUTUAL, kom-mu'-tu al. a. 
Mutual, reciprocal. 

COMPACT, kim'-pakt. f. Acon- 
traft, an accord, an apreement. 

To COMPACT, kom-pikt'. v. a. To 
join together with firmncfs, to ccn- 
folidate ; to make out of fomething; 
to league with ; to join together, 
to bring into a fyftem. 

COMPACT, kom-pakt'. a. Firm, 
folid, dofe, dcnfe ; brief, as a 
compaft difcourfe. 

ni«. f. I-'irmnefs, deniity. 

COMPACTLY, k6m-p:ik't-!>-. .ad. 
Clofelv.denfely; with neat joining. 

COMPAC INESS, kom-pik't-nls. I. 
lirmnefs, clofenefs. 

CO.VIPACTURE, kAm-p'ik'-tlhur. f. 
Strufture, compagination. 

COMPAGES, kom-pa'jCs. f. A 
fyftem of many parts united. 





COMPAGINATIOX, kom-pa-jl- 

na'-ftiun. f. Union, ftructure. 
COMPANION, kiim-pan'-yun. f. 
One with whom a man frequently 
convcrfes ; a partner, an aflbciate ; 
a familiar term of contempt, a fel- 
COMPANIONABLE, kum-pan'-jo- 
rabl. a. Fit for good fellowfhip, 
COMPANIONABLY, kum-pan'-yo- 
na-bly. ad. In a companionable 
COMPANIONSHIP, kum-pao'-yun- 
flilp. f. Company, train ; fellow- 
Ihip, aflbciation. 
COMP.ANY, kum'-pa-ny. f. Per- 
fons aflembled together ; an affem- 
bly of pleafure ; perfons confidered 
as capable of ccnvcrfaticn ; fellovv- 
iliip ; a number of perfons united 
for ihe execution of any thing, a 
band ; perfons united in a joint 
trade or partnerfliip ; a body cor- 
porate, a corporation ; a fubdivi- 
ficn of a regiment of foot ; To bear 
company, to aflbciate with, to be 
a companion to ; To keep com- 
pany, to frequent houfes of enter- 
To COMP.ANY, kum'-pa-ny. v. a. 
To accompany, to be aflbciated 
with. Not ufed. 
To COMPANY, kum'-pa-ny. v. n. 
To aflbciate one's felf with. Not 
COAIPARABLE, kom'-pa-rabl. a. 
Worthy to be compared, of equal 
COMPARABLY, kom'-pa-rab-ly. 
ad. In a manner worthy to be 
COMPARATIVE, kom-par'-a-iiv. 
a. Ellimated by comparifon, not 
abfolute ; having the power of com- 
p.^ring ; in grammar, the compara- 
tive degree expreflTes more of any 
quantity in one thing than in another, 
as the right hand is the ftronger. 
CO.MPARATIVELY. kim-par'-a- 
iiv-ly. ad. In a ftate of compari- 
fon, according to eftimate made by 
To COMPARE, kiim-pa've. v. a. 
To make one thing the meafure of 
another, to eftimate the relative 
gocdnefi or badnefs. 
COMP.ARE, kum-pa're. f. Com- 
parative cllimate, comparifon ; fi- 
mUe, fimilitude. 
COMPARISON, kum-par'-If-fun. f. 
The aft of comparing; the I'late of 
being compared ; a comparative 
eftimnc ; a fimile in writing or 
fpeakinn;; in grammar, the form- 

ation of an adjeftlve through Its 
various degrees of fignification, as 
ftrong, rtronger, ftrongefl. 
To COMPART, kom-pa'rt. v. a. 

To divide. 
COMPARTIMENT, kim-pi'rt-^ 
ment. f. A divifion of a pifture, 
cr dellgn. 
COMPARTITION, kom-pJr-tJfh'- 
un. f. The ail of comparting or 
dividing ; the parts marked out or 
feparated, a feparate part. 
COMPARTMENT,k6m-pa rt-ment. 

f, Divifion. 
To COMPASS, kum'-pus. v. a. To 
encircle, to environ, to furround ; 
to obtain, to procure, to attain; 
to take meafurcs preparatory to any 
thing, as to compafs the death of 
the king. 

COMPASS, kum'-pus. f. Circle, 
round; fpace, room, limits; en- 
clofure, circumference ; a departure 
from the right line, an indirefl ad- 
vance; moderate fpace, moderation, 
due limits; thepowerof the voice to 
exprefs the notes of mufick ; thein- 
ftrument with which circles are 
drawn ; the inftrument compofed 
of a needle and card, whereby ma- 
riners fteer. 

COMPASSION, kum-palh'-un. f. 
Pity, commiferation, painful fym- 

To COMPASSION, kim-piOi'-in. 
V. a. To pity. Not ufed. 

COMPASSIONATE, kum-pa(h'-im- 
et. a. Inclined to pity, merciful, 

ToCOMPASSlON.ATE, kim-pJ(h'- 
6-nate. v. a. To pity, to commi- 

un-et-ly. ad. Mercifully, tender- 

COMPATERNITY, k6m-pi-t^r'- 
ny-iy. f. The Hate of being a 

1-ty. f. Confiftency, the power 
of co-exifting with fomething elfe. 

COMPATIBLE, kom-pat'-lbl. a. 
Suitable to, fit for, confiilent with ; 
confiflent, agreeable. 

ibl-nis. f. Confiftency. 

COMP..\TIBLY, kim-pdt'-Ib-I^. ad. 
Fitly, fuitably. 

COMPATIENT, kom-pa'-niittt. a. 
Sufl^ering together. 

COMPATRIOT, k6m-pa'-try-ut. f. 
One of the fame country. 

COMPEER, kom-pc'r. f. Equal, 
companion, colleague. 

To COMPEER, kom-pe'r. v. a. 

To be equal with, to mate. Not 

To COMPEL, kom-pei'. v. a. To 

force to fome aft, to oblige, to 

conflrain; to take by force or vio- _ 

COMPELLABLE, kom-pei'-Iabl. a. 

That may be forced. 
COMPELLATION, kom-pel-lu- 

fhun. f. The ftyle of addrefs. 
COMPELLER, kom-pel'-lur. f. He 

that forces another. 
COMPEND, kom'-pend.f. Abrldg- 

mert, fummary, epitome. 

dy-a-ryus. a. Short, contrafled. 
COMPENDIOSITY, kom-pen-dy- 

6s'-i-tv. f. Shortnefs. 
COMPENDIOUS, kom-pen'-dyus, 

a. Short, fummary, abridged,. 


dyuf-ly. ad. Shortly, fummarilv. 

d)uf-nis. f. Shortnefi, brevity. 
COMPENDIUM, kom-pen'-dyi'im. 

f. Abridgment, fummarv, breviate. 
COMPENSABLE, kom-pen'-£ibl. a. 

That which may be recompenfed. 
To COMPENSATE, kom-pen'-sate. 

V. a. To rccompenfe, to counter- 
balance, to countervail. 
COMPENSATION, kom-pcn-sa*. 

fliun. f. Recompenfe, fomething 

COMPENSATIVE, kom-pen'-£-i- 

tiv. a. That which compenfates. 
To COMPENSE, kOm-penVe. v. a. 

To compenfate, to counterbalance, 

to recompenfe, 
COMPETENCE, kom'-pc-tenfe 1 
COMPETENCY, k(Sm'-pc-ten-fy. J 

f Such a quantity of any thing 

as is fulBtient ; a fortune equal to 

the necefilties of life ; the power 

or capacity of a judge or court. 
COMPETENT, kom'-pe-tent. a. 

Suitable, fit, adequate, proportion- 
ate ; without defect or luperfluity ; 

reafonable, moderate ; qualified, 

fit ; confiftent with. 
COMPETENTLY, kom'-pe-tcnt-K'. 

ad. Reafonably, moderately; ade- 
quately, properly. 
COMPETIBLE, kom-pei'-ibl. a. 

Suitable to, confiftent with. 
COMPETIBLENESS, kom-pei'-ibl- 

nls. f. Suitablenefs, fitnefs. 
COMPETITION, kom-pe-tifh'-un. 

f. Rivalry, conteft ; claim of more 

than one to one thing. 
COMPETITOR, kom-pei'-i-tur. f. 

A rival; an opponent. 
COMPILATION, kom-pi-la'-lliun. 

f. A cc/llei5lion from various au- 
thors j 




thorj ; an afiemblage, a coacerva- 

To COMPILE, kom-pi'le. v. a. To 

draw up from various authors ; to 

write, to compofe. 
COIVIPILEMENT, kom-pl'le-ment. 

f. Tlie aft of heaping up. 
COMPILER, kom-pl'-lur. f. A 

colleftor, one who frames a com- 

pofition from various authors. 
COMPL.ACENCE, kom-pla-T 

fcnfe. I f 

COMPLACENCY, kom-pla'- f '' 

fen-f^ _ _ J 

Pleafure, fatisfaftion, gratification ; 

civility, ccmplaifance. 
COMPLACENT, kom-plu'-fent. a. 

Civil, affable, mild. 
To COMPLAIN, kom-plu'n. v. n. 

To mention with forrow, to la- 
ment ; to inform a^ainft. 
COMPLAINANT, kom-pla'-nant. f. 

One who urges fuit againft another. 
COMPLAINER, kom-pla'-nir. f. 

One who complains, a lamenter. 
COMPLAINT, kom-pla'nt. f. Re- 

prefentation of pains or injuries ; 

the caufe or fubjeft of complaint ; 

a malady, a difeafej remonArance 

COMPLAISANCE, kom-ple-zanTe. 

f. Civility, dcfire of pleafing, aft 

of adulation. 
COMPLAISANT, kom-plS-zint'. a. 

Civil, defirous to pleafe. 

zant'-ly. ad. Civilly, with defire 

to pleafe, ceremonioufly. 

zant'-nis. f. Civility. 
To COMPLANATE, kom-pla- 1 

rate. > 

To COMPLANE, kom-pla'ne. J 

V. a. To level, to reduce to a flat 

COMPLEMENT, kom'-ple-ment. f. 

Perfection, fulnefs, completion ; 

complete fet, complete proviiion, 

the full quantity. 
COMPLETE, kom-pleie. a. Per- 

feft, full, without any defefts ; 

finiftied, ended, concluded. 
To COMPLETE, kom-ple't. v. a. 

To perfeft, to finifh. 
COMPLETELY, kom-plc'te-l^ ad. 

Fully, perfeftly. 
COMPLEl'LMENT, kom-pld'te- 

nient. f. The aft of completing. 
COM PLETENESS, kim-plfi'te-nls. 

f. Pcrfeftion. 
COMPLETION, k6m-pld'-(hln f. 

Accomplifliment, aft of fulfilling; 

utmoll height, perfeft ftate. 
COMPLEX, kom'-pldks. a. Com- 

pofite, of many parts, not firople. 

COMPLEXEDNESS, kom-plek'- 
fed-nis. f. Complication, invo- 
lution of many particular parts in 
one integral. 

COMPLEXION, kum-plek'-(hun. 
f. Involution of one thing in an- 
other ; the colour of the external 
parts of any body ; the temperature 
of the body. 

COMPLEXIONAL, kum-plek'-fho- 
nel. a. Depending on the com- 
plexion or temperament of the bo- 

fho-nel-ly. ad. By complexion. 

COMPLEXLY, kom-pleks'-l^ ad. 
In a complex manner, not fimply. 

COMPLEXNESS, kom-pleks'-nis. 
f. The ftate of being complex. 

COMPLEXURE, kom-plek'-ftiur. f. 
The involution of one thing with 

COMPLIANCE, kum-pli'-anfe. f. 
The aft of yielding, accord, fub- 
miffion ; a difpofition to yield to 

COMPLIANT, kum-pli'-ant. a. 
Yielding, bending ; civil, com- 

To COMPLICATE, kom'-ply-kate. 
V. a. To entangle one with an- 
other, to join ; to unite by invo- 
lution of parts ; to /orm by com- 
plication of pans ; to form by com- 
plication, to form by the union of 
feveral parts into one integral. 

COMPLICATE, kom'-ply-kate. a. 
Compounded of a multiplicity of 

COMPLICATENESS, k6m'-pl)''- 
kate-nJs. f. The ftate of being 
complicated, intricacy. 

COMPLICATION, kom-ply-ki'- 
ftii'in. f. The aft of involving one 
thing in another; the integral con- 
fifting of many things involved. 

COMPLICE, kom'-plis. f. One 
who is united with others in an ill 
defign, a confederate. 

COMPLIER, kum-pll'-ur. f. A 
man of an eafy teinpcr. 

COMPLIMENT, kAm'-pIy-ment. f. 
An aft or exprtfhon of civility, 
ufually underftood to mean lefs than 
it declares. 

V. a. To (both with cxprcirions of 
refpeft, to flatter. 

COMPLIMENT AL,kom-ply-mdn'- 
tcl. a. Expreffive of refpeft or ci- 

mdn'-tel-^. ad. In the nature of 
a compliment, civilly. 

COMi'LIMENTER, kom'-ply-mcn- 

tur. f. Onegiven to compliments, 
a fljtterer. 

To COMPLOIJE, kom-plore. v. n. 
To make lamentation together. 

COM PLOT, kom'-plit. f. A con- 
federacy in fome fecret crime, a 

To COMPLOT, kom-plit*. v. a. 
To form a plot, to confpire. 

COMPLOTTER, kom-plot'-tiir. f. 
A confpirator, one joined in a ploi^ 

To COMPLY, kom-plf. V. n. To 
yield to, to be obfequious to. 

COMPONENT, kom-po-nent. a. 
That which conftitutes the com- 
pound body. 

To COMPORT, kom-port. v. n. 
To agree, to fuit. 

To COMPORT, k6m-p6'rt. v, a. 
To bear, to endure. 

COMPORT, kom-po'rt. f. Beha- 
viour, conduft. 

COMFORTABLE, kom-por-tibl. 
a. Confiftent. 

COMPORT.4NCE, kom-por-tenfe. 
f. Behaviour. 

COMPORTMENT, kom-pS'it- 
ment. f. Behaviour. 

To COMPOSE, kom-po'ze. v. a. 
To form a mai's by joining differ- 
ent things together ; to place any 
thing in its proper form and me- 
thod ; to difpofe, to put in the 
proper ftate; to put together a dif- 
courfe or fentence; to conftitute 
by being parts of a whole ; to calm, 
to quiet; to adjuft the mind to any 
bufinefs; to adjuft, to fettle, as to 
compofe a difference ; with print- 
ers, to arrange the letters; in mu- 
fick, to form a tune from the dif- 
ferent mufical notes. . 

COMPOSED, kom-po'zd. part. a. 
Calm, ferious, even, fedate. 

COMPOSEDLY, kum-pozd-1^. ad. 
Calmly, ferioufly. ^ 

COMPOSEDNESS, kom-pozd-m's. 
f. Sedatenefs, calmnefs. 

COMPOSER, k(:.mp6' zur. f. An 
author, a writer; he that adapts 
the mufick to words. 

COMPOSITE. kom-poz'-It. a. The 
Compofite order in architefture is 
the lart of the five orders, fo named 
becaufe its capital is compoled out 
of thofe of the other orders ; it is 
alfo called the Roman and Italick 

COMPOSITION, kom-pi z!lh'-un. 
f. The aft of forming an integral 
of various difiimilar parts ; the aft 
of bringing fimple ideas into com- 
plication, oppofed to analyfis ; a 
mafs formed by mingling dilKtrent 
ingredients ; the Hate of being 




ccmpounded, union, conjunflbn ; 
ths arrangement of various figures 
in a pitlure ; written work ; the aft 
of difcharping a debt by paying 
part; conlillency, congrcity; in 
grammar, the joining words toge- 
ther ; a certain method of demon- 
ftration in mathematicks, which is 
the reverfe of the analytical me- 
thod, or of refolution. 

COMPOSITIVE, kom-poz'-i-tlv. a. 
Compounded, or having the power 
of compounding. 

COMPOSITOR, kc>m-p6z'-i-tur. f. 
He that ranges and adjufts the 
tvpes in printing. 

COMPOST, kom'-poll. f. Manure. 

COMPOSTURE, kom-pos'-tihur. f. 
Soil, manure. Not u led. 

COMPOSURE, kom-pi'-zhur. f. 
The aft of compofing or indifting ; 
arrangement, combination, order; 
the form ariiing from the difpofi- 
tion of the various parts ; frame, 
make; relative adjullment; com- 
pofition, framed difcourfe ; fedate- 
nefs, calmnefs, tranquillity ; agree- 
ment, compofition, fettlement of 

f. The aft of drinking together. 

To COMPOUND, kom-pou'nd. v. a. 
To mingle many ingredients toge- 
ther ; to form one word from one, 
two, or mere words; to adjuft a 
difference by receflion from the ri- 
gour of claims ; to difcharge a debt 
by payinEj only part. 

To COMPOUND, kom-pou'nd. v. n. 
To come to terms of agreement by 
abating fomeihing; to bargain in 
the lump. 

COMPOUND, kom'-pound. a. Form- 
ed out of many iugredients, not 
lingle ; compofed of two or more 

COMPOUND, kom'-pound. f. The 
ir.afs formed by the union of many 
COMPOUNDABLE, kom-poii'n- 
dabl. a. Capable of being com- 
COMPOUNDER, kom-pou'n-di'ir 
f. One who endeavi urs to bring 
parties to ternr.s of agreement ; a 
raingler, one who mixes bodies. 
ToCOMPi' . 
V. a. To comprife, to include ; 
to ci nt.iin in the mind, to conceive 
llen'-^lbl. a. Intelligible, conceiv- 
hcn'-sib-ly. ad. With great power 
Qi Ugni£caticQ or underilanding. 

{hin. f. The aft or quality of 
comprifing or containing, inclu- 
iion ; fummary, epitome, compen- 
dium ; knowledge, capacity, power 
of the mind to admit ideas. 
COMPREHENSIVE, kom-pre-hcn'- 
tiv. a. Having the power to com- 
prehend or underftand ; having the 
quality of comprifing much. 
heii'-jiv-ly. ad. In a comprehen- 
five manner. 
pre hen'-siv-nis. f. The quality 
of including much in a few words 
or narrow compafs. 
To COMPRESS, kom-pres'. v. a. 
To force into a narrow compafs ; 
to embrace. 
COMPRESS, kom'-pres. f. Bolllers 

of linen r.igs. 
COMPRESSIBILITY, kom-pref-fy- 
bii'-ly-ty. f. The quality of ad- 
n.itting to be brought by force into 
a narrower com^^afs. 
COMPRESSIBLE, kom-pres'-sibL 
a. Yielding to preffiire, fo as that 
one part is brought nearer to another. 
sibl-nis. f. Capability of being 
prefled clcfe. 
COMPRESSION, k6m-pre(h'-un. f. 
The aft of bringing the parts of 
any bcdy more near to each other 
bv violence. 
COMPRESSURE, kom-prcfh'-ur. f. 
The aft or force of the body preff- 
ing againft another. 
To COMPRINT, kom-print'. v. a 
To print together ; to print an- 
other's copy, to tl.e prejudice of the 
rightful proprietor. 
To COMPRISE, kom -prize, v. a. 

To contain, to include. 
COMPROB.^TION, kom-pro ba- 

Ihiin. f. Proof, atteflation. 
COMPROMISE, kom'-pio-mlze. f. 
A mutual promife of parties at dif- 
ference, to refer their controverfies 
to arbitrators; an adjufcment of a 
difference between parties by mu- 
tual concefiions. 
To COMPROMISE, kom'-pr6 mize. 
V. a. To ai'Jufl a compaft by mu- 
tual conceflions, to accord, to agree. 
niit.;0'-iyal. a. Relating to com- 
COMHROVINCIAL, kom-pro-vfn'- 
ilial. f. Belonging to the fame 
COMPT, kou'nt. f. Account, com- 
putation, reckoning. Not ufed. 
To COMPT, kou'nt. v. a. To com- 

pute, to number. We now ufeTo 


COMPTIBLE, kou'n-tlbl. a. Ac 
countable, ready to give account. 
To COMPTROLL, kon-tro'l. v. a. 
To controll, to over-rule, to op- 
COMPTROLLER, kon-trO'-Iiir. f. 

Direflor, fupervilbr. 

lur-falp. f. Superintendence. 
COMPULS.A.TIVELY, kom-pul'- 

fa-tiv-'v. ad. By ccnflraint. 
COMPULSATORY, kom-pul'-fJ- 
lur-y. a. Having the force of com- 
COMPULSION, kom-pul'-fhun. f. 
The aft cf compelling to fome- 
thing, force ; the ftate of being 
COMPULSIVE, kom-pul'-jlv. a. 
I laving the power to compel, forcible. 
COMPULSIVELY, k6m-pur-siv-ly. 

ad. By force, by violence. 

siv-ni<. f. Force, compulfion. 
COMPULSORILY, kom-pul'-fur-y- 
ly. ad. In a compulfory or forcible 
manner, by violence. 
COMPULSORY, kum-pul'-fijr-y. a. 

Having the power of compelling. 

COMPUNCTION, kom-punk'-fliun. 

f. The power of pricking, ftimu- 

lation ; repentance, contrition. 

COMPUNCTIOUS, kom-punk'- 

flius. a. Repentant. 
COMPUNCTIVE, kom-punk'-ilv. 

a. CaufinsT remorfe. 

COMPURGATION, kom-pur-ga'- 

iliun. f. The praftice of jullifying 

any man's veracity by the tellimo- 

ny of another. 

COMPURGATOR, kom-pur'-ga- 

tur. {. One who bears his tefli- 

mony to the credibility of another. 

COMPUTABLE, kom-pu'-tebl. a. 

Capable of being numbered. 
f. The aft ot reckoning, calcula- 
tion ; the fum coUefted or fettled 
by calculation.' 
To COMPUIE, komj-u'te. v. a. 
To reckon, to calculate, to count. 
COMi'UrtR, koni-pu-tiir. f. Rec- 
koner, accountant. 
COMPUTiST, kom'-pu-tlH. f. Cal- 
culator, one ficilled in coinputation. 
COMRADE, kiim'-riJe. f. One 
who dwells ill the fame houfe or 
chamber ; a companion, ?. partner. 
CON, k.'>n'. A. Latin infeparable 
prepofition, which, at the begin- 
ning of v.ords, fignlfics union, as 
concourfe, a ruaning together. 




CON, kin', ad. On the oppofrfe 
iide, againft another. 

To (-ON, kon'. V. a. To know ; 
to (ludy ; to fix in the memory. 

To CONCAMF.RATE, .kon-kam'-^- 
r;ite. V. a. To arch over, to vault. 

To CONCATENATE, k6n-k:\t'-e- 
pite. V. a. To link together. 

n;V-fhun. f. A feries of links. 

CONCAV.ATION. kin-ka-vi'- 
ihiin. f. The aft of making con- 

CON'CAVE. kln'-kive. a. Hol- 
low, oppofed to convex. 

CONC.AVENESS, kon'-kuve-nls. f. 

CONCAVITY, kon-kSv'i-ty. f. In- 
ternal furface of a hollow fpherical 
or fpheroidical body. 

v6-k6n"-kave. a. Concave or hol- 
low on both fides. 

CONC AVO-CON VEX, kon-ka'-v6- 
k6n"-vex. a. Concave one way, 
and convex the other. 

CONC.'^VOUS,k6n-ka'vLis. a. Con- 

CONCAVOUSLY, kon-ka'-vuf-ly. 
ad. With hollownefs. 

To CONCEAL, kon-fe'l. v. a. To 
hide, to keep fecret, not to di- 

CONCEALABI.E, kon-fcl-ibl. a. 
Capable of being concealed. 

CONCEALEDNESS, k6n-(c'-led- 
nis. f. Privacy, obfcurity. 

CONCEALER, kon-fe'-lur. f. He 
that conceals any thir<;. 

CONCEALMENT, kon-fe'l-ment. 
f. The aft of hiding, fecrefy ; the 
ftate of being hid, privacy ; hid- 
ing-place, retreat. 

To CONCEDE, kon-fe'de. v. a. To 
admit, to grant. 

CONCEIT, kon-ft't. f. Concep- 
tion, thought, idea; underftand- 
ing, readinefs of apprchenfion ; 
fancy, fantaftical notion ; a fond 
opinion of one's felf; a pleafant 
fancy; Out of conceit with, no 
longer fond of. 

To CONCEIT, ton-fe't. v. a. To 
imagine, to believe. 

CONCEITED, kon-fe'-tld. part. a. 
Endowed with fancy; proud, fond 
of himfelf; opinionative. 

CONCEITEDLY, kon-f^'-tld-Iy-. 
ad. Fancifully, whimfically. 

CONCEITEDNESS, kon-fc'-tld- 
nls. f. Pride, fondnefs of him- 

CONCEITLESS, kon-fc't-IIs. a. 
Stupid, without thought. 

CONCEIVABLE, kon-fc-vibl, a. 
6 may fce imagined or thought ; 
that may be aoderllood or believ- 

vibl-nls. i. The quality of being 

CONCEIVABLY, kun-f^'-v.\b-I^. 
ad. In a conceivable manner. 

To CONCEIVE, kon-fcve. v. a. 
To admit into the womb ; to form 
in the mind ; to comprehend, to 
underlland ; to think, to be of 

To CONCEIVE, kon-feVe. v. r. 
To think, to have an idea of; to 
become pregnant. 

CONCEIVEK, k6n-f.J'-vi"ii-. f. One 
that underllands or apprehends. 

CONCENT, kon-fcnt'. f. Concert 
of voices, harmony; confiftencv. 

To CONCENTRATE, kon-ien'- 
trate. v. a. To drive into a nar- 
row compafs; todrive cowards the 

CONCENTRATION, kin-f^n-tr^'- 
ftiun. f. Colleftion into a nar- 
rower fpace round the centre. 

To CONCENTKE, kon-fcn'-tur. 
V. n. To tend to one common 

To CONCENTRE, kin-f^n'-tir. 
V. a. To emit towards one 

CONCENTRICAL, kin-f^n'-trl 


a. Having one common centre. 

CONCEPTACLE, Wjn'-ft'p-takl. f. 
That in which any thing is contain- 
ed, a veflel. 

CONCEPTIBLE, kon-fep'-tibl. a. 
Intelligible, capable to be under- 

CONCEPTION, k6n-fep'.fhi".n. f. 
The adl of conceiving, or quicken- 
ing with pregnancy ; the ftate of 
being conceived ; notion, idea ; 
fentiment, purpofe ; apprehenfion, 
knowledge ; conceit, fentiment, 
pointed thought. 

CONCEPTIOUS, kon-fep'-fhus. a. 
Apt to conceive, pregnant. 

CONCEPTIVE, kon-fep'-tlv. a. 
Capable to conceive. 

To CONCERN, kon-fJrn'. v. a. To 
relate to ; to belong to ; to affeiX 
with fome paflion ; to intereft, to 
engage by intereft ; to difturb, to 
make uneafy. 

CONCERN, kon-fern'. {. Bufinefs, 
affair; intereft, engagement; im- 
portance, moment; paffion, aftec- 
tion, regard. 

CONCERNEDLY, kon-fcr'-ncd-ly-. 
ad. With affeilion j with intereft. 

lL, kon-fen'-trl- 1 

l, kon-fen'-trlk. J 

Relating to, with relation to. 

CONCERNMENT, kun-fcrn'-ment. 
f. The thing in which we are con- 
cerned or iniererted, bufinefs, in- 
tereft ; interccurfe, importance ; 
inierpofition, meddling; p.iflior.. 
emotion of mind. 

To CONCERT, kon-ferl". v. a. To 
fettle any thing in private, by mu- 
tual communication ; to fettle, to 
contrive, to adiull. 

CONCERT, kun'-fe,t. f. Commu- 
nication of dchgns ; a fymphony, 
many performers playing to the 
fame tune. 

CONCERT.ATION, kon-fer-tJ- 
Ihun. f. Strife, contention. 

CONCERTATIVE, kon-fer'-t.'i-tu-. 
a. Contentious. 

CO.VCESSION, k6n-fes'-(hun. f. 
The ai5t of yielding ; a grant, the 
thing yielded. 

CONCESSIONARY, konfes'-ftio- 
uir-v. a. Given by indul:;ence. 

CONCESSIVELY, kon-ies'-iiv-ly, 
ad By way of conceliion. 

CONCH, konk'. f. A Ihell, a fea 

CONCHOID, kink'-oid. i. The 
name of a curve. 

To CONCILI.ATE, kon-.-L'-yite. 
V. a. To gain. 

CONCILI.ATION, kon-sil-ya'-fhAn. 
f. The aft of gaining or recon- 

CONCILI.ATOR, kon-sJl-ya'-tir. f. 
One that makes peace between 

CONCILIATORY, kon-sJl-ya-tur- 
y. a. Relating to reconciliation. 

CONCINNITY, kon-sln'-iii-ty. f. 
Decency, fitnefs. 

CONCINNOUS, kon-sln'-nus. a. 
Becoming, pleafant. 

CONCIONATORY, kon'-llio-ra- 
tiir-ry. a. Ufed at preachings, or 
publick afiemblies. 

CONCISE, kon-siTe. a. Brief, ftiort. 

CONCISELY, kon-si'fe-ly. ad. Brief- 
ly, fhortly. 

CONCISENESS, kon-si'fe-nls. f. 
Brevity, ftionnefs. 

CONCISION, kon-siz'-zhun. f. 
Cutting oft", excifion. 

CONCll'A'liON, kon-fy-la-ftiun. 
f. The aft of ftirring up. 

CONCLAMA'I'ION, kon-kli-mi'- 
ftiilin. f. An outcry. 

CONCL.WE, kon'-klive. f. Pri- 
vate apartment ; the room in which 
the cardinals meet, or the aft'«ni- 
bly of the cardinals ; a dole afli;m- 

To CONCLUDE, k6n-klu'de. v. a. 




To colleifl by ratiocination ; to de- 
cide, to determine; to end, to 

To CONCLUDE, kon-klu'de. v. n. 
To perform the latl adl of ratioci- 
nation, to lietermine ; to fettle 
opinion; finally to determine; to 

CON'CLUDEN'CY, kon-lcICi'-den- 
ij', f. Confequence, regular proof. 

CONCI.UDEMT, kon-klu-dent. a. 

CONCLUSIBLE, kon-klu-sibl. a. 

CONCLUSION, kon-klu-zhun. f. 
Determination, final dccifion ; co!- 
lefticn fiom propofitions premifed, 
confequence; the clofe ; the event 
of experiment ; the end, the up- 

CONCLUSIVE, kon-klu'-siv. a. 
Decifive, giving the laft determi- 
nation; regularly conftquential. 

CONCLUSIVELY, kon-khV -siv-ly. 
ad. Decifively. 

CONCLUSIVENESS, kon-klu-slv- 
nls. f. Power of determining the 

ag'-gu-lite. V. a. To congeal one 
thin? with another. 

gii-li'-fhun. f. A coagulation by 
which different bodies are joined in 
one mafs. 

To CONCOCT, kon-kok't. v. a. 
To digefl by the llomach ; to pu- 
rify by heat. 

CONCOCTION, kon-kik'-lhun. f. 
Digeftion in the ftomach, niatura- 
tiun by heat. . 

CONCOLOUR, Icon-kui'-lur. a. Of 
one colour. 

CONCCMrrANCE,k6n-k6m'- 1 
f-tanfe. C r 

DNCOMITANCY,k6n-k6m'- f '• 
i-tin-fy. J 

Subfiftence together with another 

a. Conjoined with, concurrent 

f. Companion, pvrfon or thing 
collaterally connefted. 

tant-ly. ad. In company with 

To CONCOMITATE, kon-kom'-i- 
tate. V. a. To be connefied with 
any thinjj. 

CONCORD, kong'-kord. f. Agree- 
ment between perfcns and things, 
peace, union, harmony, concent 
of founds ; principal grammaci- 


cal relation of one word to an- 
CONCORDANCE, kon-ka'r-dAnfe. 

f. Agreement ; a book which (hews 

in how many texts of fcripture any 

word occurs. 
CONCORDANT, kAn-ka'r-dant. a. 

Agreeable, agreeing. 
CONCORDATE, kon-ka'r-date. f. 

A compact, a convention. 
CONCORPORAL, k6n-ka'r-p6-ril. 

a. Of the fame body. 
To CONCORPORATE, kon-ka'r- 

po-rite. V. a. To unite in one 

mafs or fubftance. 

p6-r;i'-fhun. f. Lfnion in one mzfs. 
CONCOURSE, kong'-kurfe. f. The 

confluence of miny perfons cr 

things; the perfons allembled ; the 

point of junilion or interfedlion of 

two bodies. 
CONCREMATION, k6n-krS-ma'- 

fhun. f. The att of burning to- 
CONCREMENT, kon'-kre-ment. f. 

The mafs formed by concretion. 
CONCRESCENCE, kon-kres'-senfe. 

f. The aft or quality of growing 

by the union of feparate particles. 
To CONCRETE, kin-krcte. v. n. 

To coalefce into one mafs. 
To CONCRETE, kon-kre'te. v. a. 

To form by concretion. 
CONCRETE, kon'-kvC-te. a. Form- 
ed by concretion ; in logick, no: 

abftraft, applied to a fubjeft. 
CONCRETE, kon'-krete. f. A mafs 

formed by concretion. 
CONCRETELY, kon-krd'te-ly. ad. 

In a manner including the fubjeft 

with the predicate. 
CONCRETENESS, kon-kre'te-nis. 

f. Coagulation, colleftion offluids 

into a folid mafs. 
CONCRETION, kon-kre'-fhun. f. 

The act of concreting, coalition ; 

the mafs formed by a coalition of 

feparate particles. 
CONCKEI'IVE, kon-kre'-tiv. a. 

CONCRETURE, kon-kre'-tfliur. f. 

A mafs formed by coagulation. 
CONCUBINAGE, kon-ku'-bi- 

r.idzh, f. The aft of living with 

a woman not married. 
CONCUBINE, kink'-u-blne. f. A 

woman kept in fornication, a 

To CONCULCATE, k6n-kul'-kate. 

V. a. To tread or trample under 

CONCULCATION, k6n-kul-k.V- 

(hun. f. Trampling with the feet. 
CONCUPISCENCE, kon-ki'-pif- 

fenfe. f. Irregular defire, libidi- 
nous wi/h. 

CONCUPISCENT, kon-ku' plf- 
fcnt. a. Libidinous, lecherous. 

fen'-fhal. a. Relating to concu- 

CONCUPISCIBLE, k6n-kfi'-p5f. 
sibl. a. Imprefiing defire. 

To CONCUR, kon-kiJr'. v. n. To 
meet in one point; to agree, to 
join in one aftion ; to be united 
with, to be conjoined; to contri- 
bute to one common event. 

CONCURRENCE, k6n-k4r'-"] 
renfe. I , 

CONCURRENCY, kon-kir'- f '' 
ren-fy. j 

Union, afTociation, conjunftion ; 
combination of many agents or cir- 
cumllances; afliftance, help ; joint 
right, common claim. 

CONCURRENT, kon-kur'-rent. a. 
Afting in conjunftion, concomi- 
tant in agency. 

CONCURRENT, k6n-kur'-rent. f. 
That which concurs. 

CONCUSSION, kon-kus'-fhun. f. 
The aft of (haking, tremefaftion. 

CONCUSSIVE, kon-kiis'-siv. a. 
Having the power or quality of 

To CONDEMN, kon-dem'. v. a. 
To find guilty, to doom to punifli- 
ment ; to cenfure, to blame. 

CONDEMNABLE, kon-dem'-nabi . 
a. Blameable, culpable. 

CONDEMNATION, kon-dem-na'- 
fhun. f. The fentence by which 
any one is doomed to punilhment. 

CONDEMNATORY, kon-dem'-na- 
tur-y. a. Palling a fentence of 

CONDEMNER, kon-dem'-niir. f. 
A blamer, a cenfurer. 

CONDENSABLE, kon-den'-fibl. a. 
That which is capable of conden- 

To CONDENSATE, kon-den'-slte. 
V. a. To make thicker. 

To CONDENSATE, kon-den'-sate. 
V. n. To grow thicker. 

CONDENSATE, kon-den'-sate. a. 
Made thick, compreiFed into lefs 

CONDENSATION, kon-d^n-sa'- 
fliun. f. The aft of thickening 
anybody; oppofite to rarefaftion. 

To CONDENSE, kon-dens'e. v. a. 
To make any body more thick, 
clofe, and weighty. 

To CONDENSE, kon-dins'e. v. n. 
To grow clofe and weighty. 

CONDENSE, kon-den'fe. a. Thick, 

P 2 CON- 




CONDENSER, k6n-cci.'-fur. f. A 
vefie!, wherein to crowd the air. 

CCNDENSny, kon-cen'-sl ty. f. 
The Hate of being condenfed. 

To CONDESCEND, k6n-de-fend'. 
V. n. To depart from the privi- 
leges of fuperiority ; to confent to 
do more than mere jjliice can re- 
quire ; to Hoop, to bend, to 

CONDESCENDENCE.kon dc-fen'- 
denfe. f. Voluntary iubmiirion. 

fend' Ing-ly. ad. By way of vo- 
luntary humiliation, by way of kind 

CONDESCENSION^ hon-dc-fen'- 
fliftn. f. Voluntary humiliation, 
defcent from fuperiority. 

CONDESCENSIVE, kon-dc-fen'- 
si\'. a. Courteous. 

CONDIGN, kon-dl'n. a. Suitable, 
deferved, merited. 

CONDIGNNESS, kon-di'n-m's. f. 
Suicablenefs, agreeablenefs to de- 

CONDIGNLY, kon-dVn-ly. ad. 
Defervedly, according lo merit. 

CONDIMENT, kon'-dy-ment. f. 
Seafoning, fauce. 

CONDISCIPLE, kon-dlf-ii'pl. f. A 

To CONDITE, kon-di'te. v. a. To 
pickle, to preferve bv falts. 

CONDITION, k6n-dlili'-un.f. Qua- 
lity, that by which any thing is 
denominated good or bad ; natural 
quality of the mind, temper, tem- 
perament ; ftate, circumllances ; 
rank ; lUpulation, terms of com- 

CONDITIONAL, kun-dlfh'-an-ul. 
a. By nay of llipulaiion, not ab- 

CONDITIONALITY, kon-dilh-o- 
ral'-I-ty. f. Limitation by certain 

CONDITIONALLY, kon-dilh'-un- 
il-y. ad. With certain limitations, 
on particular terms. 

CONDITIONARY, k6n-dl(h'-un- 
ur-y. a. Stipulated. 

CONDIJTONATE, k6n-di(h'-o- 
nate. a. Eftablifhed on certain 

CONDITIONED, kon-dllV-Jmd. a. 
Having qualititi or properties good 
or bad. 

To CONDOLE, kon-di'le. v. n. To 
lament with ihofe that are in mif- 

To CONDOLE, kon do'Ie. v. a. To 
bewail with another. 

CONDOLEMENT, kon-dole-ment. 
f. Grief, forrow. 

CONDOLENCE, kon-do'-ldnfe. f. 
Grief for the forrows of another. 

CONDOLER, k6n-d6'-lur. f. One 
that co,-i>pliments another upon his 

CONDONATION, kon-do-r.a'-ftiun. 
f. A pardoning, a forgiving. 

To CONDUCE, kon-dtVfe. v. n. 
To promote an end, to contribute 

CONDUCIBLE, kon-du'-slh). a. 
Having the power of conducing. 

CONDUCIBLENESS, kon-cu'-iibl- 
riis. f. The quality of contribut- 
ing to any end. 

CONDUCIVE, kon-c'i'-slv. a. That 
which may contribute to any end. 

CONDUCIVENESS. kon-du-slv- 
nis. f. The quality of conducing. 

CONDUCT, kon'-dukt. f. Ma- 
nagement, ceconomy ; the adt of 
leading troops ; convoy ; a war- 
rant by which a convoy is appoint- 
ed ; behaviour, regular life. 

To CONDUCT, kon-dukt'. v. a. 
To lead, to dircft, to accompany 
in order to ihew the way ; to at- 
tend in civility ; to manage, as To 
Conduft an aflair ; to head an 

CONDUCTITIOUS, kin-dlkilfli'- 
us. a. Hired. 

CONDUCTOR, kin-duk'-tur. f. A 
leader, one who fliews another the 
way by accompanying him ; a 
chief, a general; a manager, a 
diredor; an inllrument to direft 
the knife in cutting for the ftone. 

CONDUCTRESS, kon-duk'-iris. f. 
A woman that directs. 

CONDUIT, kon'-dwit. f. A canal 
of pipes for the conveyance of wa- 
ters ; the pipe or cock at which wa- 
ter is drawn. 

CONDUPLICATION, k6n-du-pl>'-- 
ki'-fhun, f. A doubling; a du- 

CONE, ko'ne. f. A folid body, of 
which the bafe is a circle, and 
which ends in a point. 

CONEY. See Cony. 

To CONFABULATE, kbn-fM-'n- 
latc. V. n. To talk eafily together, 
to chat. 

CONFABULATION, k6n-fab-&-la'- 
(hun f. E.ify convcrfaiion. 

CONFADUL.XTORY, k6n-f\'ib"-u- 
lA-tiir'-j'. a. Belong'ng to talk. 

CONFARREATION, k6n-far-rd--a'- 
fliin. f. The folemnization of 
marriage by eating bread together. 

lo CONIECT, konlekt'. v. a. To 
make up into fweetmeats. 

CONFEC T, kon'-fdkt. f. A fwcct- 

CONFECTION, kon-fik'-lLun. f. 
A prepsraiion of fruit with fugar, 
a fwcetmeat ; a compofition, a 

CONFECTIONARY, kin-fek'-Iho- 
ne.' y. f. The plice where iweec- 
meats are made or fold. 

CONFECTIONER, kon-fek'-Ih6- 
nur. f. One whofe trade is to make 

CONFEDER.ICY, kon-fed'-e-ra-f^. 
f. League, union, engagement. 

To CONFEDERATE, koii-fW -cr- 
ate. V. a. To join in a league, 
to unite, to ally. 

To CONFEDERATE, kon-fed'-d-- 
tuie. V. n. To league, touniteia 
a leagne. 

CONFEDERATE, kon-fed'-er et. a. 
United in a league. 

CONFEDERATE, kon-fcd'-^r-^t. f. 
One who engages to fupport an- 
other, an allv. 

CONTEDER.VTION, k'.n-fed-e- 
ra-lhi'in. f. League, alliance. 

To CONFER, kon-fer'. v. n. To 
difcourie with another upon a ftated 
ful jcft, to conduce to. 

To CONFER, kon-fer'. v. a. To 
compare; to give, to bellow, 

CONFERENCE, kon'-(c-renfe. f. 
Formal difcourfe, oral difcuflion of 
any queftion ; an appointed meet- 
ing for difcufling feme point; com- 
parifon. In this hll fenfe little 

CONFERRER, kiin-fer'-ur, f. He 
that converfes ; he that bellows. 

To CONFESS, kon-fe.'. v. a. To 
acknowledge a crime ; to difclofs 
the ftate of the confcience to the 
pricll ; to hear the confelTion of a 
penitent, asapriell; to own, to 
avow ; to grant. 

To CONFESS, kon-fci'. v. n. To 
mal.Le confeflion, as he is gone to the 
prieft to confefs. 

CONFESSEDLY, k6n-fei'-£cJ-ly. 
ad. Avowedly, indifputably. 

CONFESSION, kon-lelV un. f. The 
acknowledgment of a crime ; the 
aft of dilburdenirg the confcience 
to a priell ; a formulary in which 
the articles of faith are comprif- 
ed. ■ 

CONFESSIONAL, kon-fcfh'-un-ul. 
f. The feat in which the confeflbr 

CONFESSIONARY. kon-fefh'-^i- f. The feat v^hcre the 
]irifll fits to hear confeiTlons. 

CONFEsSOR, kon'-fel-fiir. f. One 

who makes profcfTion of his faith 

in the face of danger; he that 

hears confefiionj, and prefcribes 





penitence ; he who ccnfefTes his 

CONFEST, kin fea'. a. Open, 
known, not coiicealed. 

CONFESTLY, Kon-feil'-l)'. ad. Un- 
difputablv, evi-entlv. 

CONFIDANT, kin-f'y-dant'. f. A 
perfon trufted with private aiFaiis. 

To CONFIDE, kon-fi'de. v. n. To 
truft in. 

CONFIDENCE, kon'-fi-denfe. f. 
firm belief of another ; trull in his 
own abilities or fortune; vitious 
bcldr.efs, oppofed to modefty ; ho- 
neft boldneif, firmnefs of integrity ; 
truft in the goodnefs of another. 
"CONFIDENT, kon -fi-cent. a. Af- 
fured beyond doubt ; poiitive, dog- 
matical ; fecuie of fuccefs ; with- 
out fufpicion, trufting without li- 
mits ; bold to a vice, impudent. 

CONFIDENT, kon'-fi-dent. f. One 
trufted with fecrets. 

CONFIDENTLY, kon'-fi-dent-ly. 
ad. Without doubt, without fear; 
with firm truft ; pofitively, dog- 

CONFIDENTNESS, kin'-fl-dent- 
nis. f. Affurance. 

CONFIGURATION, kin f!g-u-ra - 
Ihun. f. The form of the various 
parts, adapted :o each other; the 
f.:ce of the horofcope. 

ToCON FIGURE, 1 6n-fig' ure. v. a. 
To difpofe into any form. 

CONFINE, kon'-fine. f. Common 
bounrarv, border, edge. 

To CONFINE, kon-fi'ne. v. n. To 
Tjorder upon, to touch on different 

To CONFINE, kon-fi'ne. V. a. To 
limit; to imprifon; to reftrain, to 
tie up to. 

CONFINELESS, kon-fi'ne-lls. a. 
Boundlcfs, unlimited. 

CONFINEMENT, kon-fi'ne-ment. 
f. Imprifcnment, reftraint of li- 

CONFINER, kon-fi'-nur. f. A bor- 
derer, one that lives upon confines ; 
one which touches upon two diiFer- 
ent region':. 

CONFINH Y, kon-fin'-j-ty.f. Near- 

To CONFIRM, kon-ferm'. V. a. To 
put part doubt by new evidence; 
to fettle, to eftabliOi ; to ftre ngihen 
by new fclemnities or ties ; to ad- 
mit to the full piivilegcs of a 
Chriftian, bv impcfiiion of hands. 

CONFIRMALLE, kun-fer'-mibl. a. 
1 hat which is capable of incontell- 
ible evidence. 

CONFIRMATION, kon-fer-mr- 
fhaa. f. The ad of eflablilhing 

;FISCABLE, koj-fi&'-ibl. a 
able to forfeiture.^ 
CONFISCATE,'* kin-fls'-kate 

any thing or perfon ; e\'idence, 
additional proof; an ecclcliaftical 

CONFIRMATOR, kon-fer-m.V-iur. 
f. An attefter, he that puts a mat- 
ter part doubt. 

CONFIRMATORY, kon-fcrm'-a- 
tiir-y. a. Giving additional telH- 

CONFIRMEDNESS, kon-ferm'-id- 
nis. f. Confirmed ftate. 

CONFIRMKR, kon-ferm'-iir f. One 
that confirms, an attefter, an efta- 

CONFISCABLE, k6}-f{fi.'-ibl. a 


V. a. To transfer private property 
to the publick, bv way of penalty. 

CONFISCATE, kon' fif-kaie. a 
Transferred to thepublickas forfeit. 

CONFISCATION, kon-fif-ka'-ft-iiin. 
f. The ad of transferring the for- 
feited goods of criminals to publick 

CONFITENT, kon'-fl-tent. f. Ore 

CONFilURE, kon'-fy-tQre. f. A 
fweetmeat, a confection. 

To CONFIX, k6a-flks'. v. a. To 
fix down. 

CONFLAGRANT, kon-fla'-grant. 
a. Involved in a general fire. 

CONFLAGRATION, kon-fii-gra'- 
fnun. f. A genera! fiie ; it is taken 
for the fire which ihall confunie 
this world at the confummation. 

CONFLATION, kon-fla-lhun. f. 
The act of blowing many inftru- 
mcnts together; a carting or melt- 
ing of metal. 

CONFLEXURE, kon-ficli'-lliur. f. 
A bending. 

To CONFLICT, kon-flik't. v. n. 
To conteft, to ftruggle. 

CONFLICT, kou'-f.ikt. f. A vio- 
lent collifion, or oppofilion ; a 
combat, ilrife, contention ; llruggle, 

CONFLUENCE, kon'-fiu enfe. f. 
The jundion or union of feveral 
ftreams; the ad of crowding to a 
place; aconcourfe; a multitude. 

CONFLUENr,kii/-.0ii-ent. a. Run- 
ning one into another, meeting. 

CONFLUX, kon'-fluks. f. The 
union of feveral currents ; crowd, 
multitude coluded. 

CONFORM, k6n-!arm. a. Affiim- 
ing the fame form, refembling. 

To CONFORM, kin-fa'im. v. a. 
To reduce to the like appearance 
with fomethin? clfe. 

To CONFORNf, kin fi'rm. v n. 
To comply with. 

CONFORMABLE, kon-fa'r-mabL 
a. Having the fame form, fimr- 
lar ; agreeable, fuitable; compli- 
ant, obfequious. 

CONFORMABLY, kSn-far'-ma-bly-. 
ad. With conformity, fuitably. 

CONFORMATION, kin-for-ma- 
ihun. f. The form of things as 
relating to each other ; the ad of 
producing fuitableiiefs, or conform- 

CONFORMIST, kon-flV-mlrt. f. 
One that complies with the woifhip 
of the church of England. 

CONFORMFIY, kon-fi'r-ml-ty. f. 
Similitude, refemblance ; confirt- 

To CONFOUND, kon-fou'nd. v. a. 
To mingle things ; to perplex ; to 
throw into confternation ; to afto- 
niih, to ftupify ; to dertroy. 

CONFOtTNDED, kon-foti'n-did, 
part. a. Hateful, detertable. 

CONFOUNDhDLY,k6n- fou'n-dld- 
ly. ad. Hatefully, IhaniefuIIy. 

CONFOUNDER, kon-fou'n-dur. f. 
He who difturbs, perplexes, or de- 

CONFRATERNITY, kon-fra-t^r'- 
ni-ty. f. A body of men united 
for fome religious purpofe. 

CONFRICATiON, kon-fri-ka'- 

fliun. f. The ad of rubbing againft 
any thing. 

To CONFRONT, kon-fiont'. v. a. 
To rtand againft another in full 
view ; to ftand face to face, in op- 
pofition to another ; to oppofe one 
evidence to another in open court ; 
to compare one thing with an- 

CONFRONTATION, k6n-fi6.i-iu'- 
(hun. f. The ad of bringing two 
evidences face to face. 

To CONFUSE, kon-fu'ze. v. a. To 
diforder, to difperfe irregularly ; 
to perplex, to obfcure; to hurry 
the mind. 

CONFUSEDLY, kon-fii'zd-l^-. ad. 
In a mixed mafs, without fepara- 
tion ; indifcindly, one mingled 
wich another; not clearly, not 
pk'nly; tumultuoUily, haftily, 

CONFUSEDNESS, kon-fu'zd ni's. 
f. Want of diftindnefs, want of 

CONFUSION, kon-fu'-zhun. f. Ir- 
regular mi.xture, tumultuous med- 
ley ; tumult ; indiftind combina- 
tion ; overthrow, deftrudion ; afto- 
nifhment, diftradion of mind. 

CONFUTABLE, Icin-fi'-tibl. a. 
Poftible to be dTfproved. 

CONFUTATION, kon-fi-ta'-fhun. 

f. The ad of confuting, difproof. 





To CONFUTE, kon-AVte. v. a. To 
convifl of error, to difprove. 

CONGE, or CONGEE, ki'n-je. f. 
Att of reverence, bow, courtefy ; 
leave, farewel- 

To CONGE, k6'n-jc. v. a. To 
take leave. 

CONGE-D'ELIRE, ki'nje-dMe'r. 
f. The king's permifllon royal lo 
a dean and chapter, in time of va- 
cancy, tochufe a bilhop. 

To CONGEAL, kon-je'l. v. a. 
To turn, by froft, from a fluid to 
a iblid ftate ; to bind or fix, as by 

To CONGEAL, kon-je'l. v. n. To 
concrete by cold. 

CONGEALABLE, kon-jel-ibl. a. 
Sufceptible of congelation. 

CONGEALMENT, kir.-jc'1-ment. 
f. The clot formed by congela- 

CONGELATION, k6n-j^-la'~(hun. 
f. State of being congealed, or 
made folid. 

CONGENER, kon-je'-nur. f. Of 
the fame kind or nature. 

CONGENEROUS, kon-jcn'-er-rus. 
a. Of the fame kind. 

cr-n'if-nis. f. The quality of be- 
ing from the fame original. 

CONGENL\L, kon-jc'-nyal. a. 
Partaking of the fame genius, cog- 

CONGENIALITY, kon-je-nyil'-i- 
ty. f. Cognation of mind. 

CONGENIALNESS, kon-je'-nyil- 
nls. f. Cognation of mind. 

CONGENITE, kun-ji'-nite. a. Of 
tlie fame birth, connate. 

CONGER, kon'g-gfir. f. The fea- 

CONGERIES, kon-jc'-rycs. f. A 
mafs of fmall bodies heaped up to- 

To CONGEST, kon-jell'. v. a. To 
heap up. 

CONGESTIBLE, kon-jeft'-ibl. a. 
That may be heaped up. 

CO.NGESTION, kin-jcll'-yun. f. A 
coUeftion of matter, as in abfcef- 

CONGIARY, kon'-ja-ry. f. A gift 
dillributed to the Roman people or 

V. n. To turn to ice. 

CONGLACIATION, kun-gla-fya'- 
(hlia. (. Aft of changing into ice. 

To CONGLOBATE, k6n-gI6'-bate. 
V. a. To gather into a hard firm 

CONGLOB.ATE, kon-glo-bate, a. 
Moulded into a firm ball. 

CONGLOBATELY, kin-gl6'-bite- 
ly. ad. In a fpherical form. 

CONGLOBATION, k6n-g!6 bj'- 
fliun. f. A round body. 

To CONGLOBE, kon-gl6'be. v. a. 
To gather into a round mafs. 

To CONGLOBE, kon-glfi'be. v. n. 
To coalefce into a round mafs. 

ToCONGLOMERATE, kon-glom'- 
^-late. V. a. To gather into a 
ball, like a ball of thread. 

CONGLO-VIERATE, kon-glom'-J- 
rct. a. (lathered into a round 
ball, fo as that the fibres are dif- 
tinft; collefted, twilled together. 

c-ra-fhun. f. Colleftion of mat- 
ter into a loofe ball; intercexture, 

tl-nate. V. a. To cement, to re- 

To CONGLUTINATE, kon-glu'- 
tl-nate. v. n. To coalefce. 

CONGLUTINATION, kon-glu-tl- 
na'-flu'in. f. The ail of uniting 
wounded bodies. 

CONGLUTINATIVE, kon-glu'-tl 
n;\-tiv. a. Having the power of 
uniting wounds. 

CONGLUTINATOR, kon-glu-tl- 
na-tilir. f. That which has the 
power of uniting wounds. 

CONGRAIULANT, kon-grat'-i- 
laat. a. Rejoicing in participa- 

To CONGRATULATE, k6n-grii'- 
ii-late. V. a. To compliment upon 
any happy event. 

To CONGRATULATE, kon-grit'- 
ii-late. V. n. To rejoice in parti- 

ii-la'-fhun. f. The aft of profefl- 
ing joy for the happinefsor fucccfs 
of another ; the form in which joy 
is profefl'cd. 

u-la-tui'-y. a. Exprelling joy for 
the good of another. 

To CONGREET, kon-gre't. v. n. 
7"o falute reciprocally. 

To CONGREGATE, kong'-gre- 
gate. V. a. To colleft, to affcmble, 
to bring into one place. 

To CONGREGATE, kong'-grJ- 
gate. V. n. To aflemblc, to meet. 

CONGREGATE, kong'-grc-gate. 
a. Collefted, compaft. 

CONGREGATION, k6ng-gl^ga'- 
flii'in. f. A colieftion, a ninfs of 
various matters brouglit together; 
an aflembly met to worfliip God 
in publick. 


gafh'-un-nul. a. Publick, pertain- 
ing to a congregation. 

CONGRESS, kong'-gics. f. A meet- 
ing, a fliock, a conflift ; an ap- 
pointed meeting for fcttlcment of 
aftairs between diflercnt nations. 

CONGRESSIVE, kon-gre^'-siv. a. 
Meeting, encountering. 

CONGRUENCE, kAu'-griVenfc. f. 
Agreement, fuitablcnels of one 
thing to another. 

CONGRUENT, kon'-grii-ent. a. 
Agreeing, correfpondent. 

CONGRUITY, kon-gio-i-ty. f. 
Suitablenefs, agrccablenefs ; fit- 
nefs ; confiilency. 

CONGRUMENT. kon'-gra -menf. 
f. Fitnefs, adaptation. 

CONGRUOUS, kon'-giu-i'is. a. A- 
greeable to, confident with; fuit- 
able to. 

CONGRUOUSLY, kon'-gru-uf-ly'. 
ad. Suitably, pertinently. 

CONICAL, kon'-y-kal. ) a. Hav- 

CONICK, kon'-lk. I ing the 
form of a cone. 

CONICALLY, kon'-y-kal-y. ad. 
In form of a cone. 

CONICALNESS, kon'-y-kil-nis. f. 
The ftate or quality of being coni- 

fek'-Ihunz. f f. 

CONICKS, kin'-Iks. J 

That part of geometry which con- 
fiders the cone, and the curves 
arifing from its feftions. 

To CONJEC T, kon-jcki'. v. n. To 
guefs, to conjefture. Not ufed. 

CONJECrOR, kun jek'-tur. {. A 
guefler, a conjefturer. 

CONJECTURABLE, kon-jek'-tni i- 
rahl. a. Poffible to be guefled. 

CONJECTURAL, k6n-jek'-i(hu-i::l. 
a. Depending on conjefture. 

tfliu-ral'-i-ty. f. That which de- 
pends upon guefs. ] 

ral-y. ad. By guefs, by conjec- j 

CONJECTURE, kon-jek'-tftur. f. 
Guefs, imperfcft knowledge. 

To CONJECTURE, kon-jck'-tnu'ir. 
v. a. To guefs, to judge by 

CONJECTURER, kon-jck'-tfliur- 
lir. f. A (juelTer. ' 

CONIFEROUS, ko-nlf'-i-rus. a. 
Such tiees arc coniferous as bear '' 
a fruit of a woody fubllance, and a 
figure approaching to that of a 
cone, of this kind are fir, pine. 
To CONJOIN, kon-joi'n. v. a. To 
unite, to confolidate into one; to 




unite in marrisge ; to alTocIate, to 

To CONJOIN, kon-joi'n. v. n. To 
league, to unite. 

CONJOINT, kon-joi'nt. a. United, 

CONJOINTLY, kon-Joi'nt-l^. ad. 
In union together. 

CONJUG.A.L, kon'-ju-gal. a. Ma- 
trimonial, belonging to marriage. 

CONJUGALLY, kon'-ju-gal-y. ad. 
Matrimonially, conm-biallv. 

To join, to join in marriage, to 
unite; to infieft verbs, 

CONJUGATION, kon-ju-ga'-Mn. 
f. The a<fl of uniting or compiling 
things together ; the form of in- 
fleding verbs; union, affemblage. 

CONJUNCT, kon-jiinkt'. a. Con- 
joined, concurrent, united. 

CONJUNCTION, kon-jiink'-lhi'in. 
f. Union, alfociation, league ; the 
congrefs of two planets in the fame 
degree of the zodiack ; one of the 
pans of fpcech, whcfe ufe is to join 
words or fentences together. 

CONJUNCTIVE, kon-junk'-tiV. a. 
Clofely united ; in grammar, the 
mood of a verb. 

CONJUNCTIVELY, kon-junk'-tiv- 
ly, ad. In union. 

tJv-nis. f. The quality of joining 
or uniting. 

CONJUNCTLY, kon-junkt'-!^. ad. 
Jointly, tot^ethcr. 

CONJUNCTURE, k6n-junk'-t(hur. 
f. Combination of many circum- 
(lances ; cccafion, critical time. 

CONJURATION, kon-ju-ra'-fliun. 
f. The form or aft of fummoning 
another in feme facred name; an 
incantation, an enchantment; a 
plot, a confpiracy. 

To CONJURE, kon-jor. v. a. To 
fummon in a facred name ; to con- 

To CONJURE, kiin'-jiir. v.n. To 
praftife charms or enchantments. 

CONJURER, kun'-jur-ur. f. An 
impollor who pretends to fecret arts, 
a cunning man ; a man of fhrewd 

C0NJURE\'1ENT, kon jo'r-ment. 
{. Serious injunftion. 

CONNASCENCE, kon-nas'-senfe. f. 
Common birth, community of 

CONN.ATE, kon-na'te. a. Born 
with another. 

CONN.VrURAL, kon-nat'-tu-ral. 
a. Suitable to nature; connefted 
by nature ; participation of the 
lame nature. 

CONNATURALITY, kon-nat-i- 
ral'-I-ty. f. Participation of the 
fame nature. 
CONNATURALLY, kon-nit'-ti- 
ral-y'. ad. By the aft of nature, 

tii-ril-nis. f. Participation of the 
fame nature, naturn! union. 

To CONNECT, konnek't. v. a. 
To join, to link , to unite, as a 
cement ; to join in a juft feries of 
thought, as the author connefts his 
reafons well. 

To CONNECT, kon-rck't. v. n. 
To cohere, to ha-ejufl relation to 
things precedent and fubfequent. 

CONNECTIVELY, kon-nek'-ilv- 
ly. ad. In conjunftion, in union. 

To CONNEX, kon-neki'. v. a. To 
join or link together. 

CONNEXION, kon-nek'-fhun. f. 
Union, junftion ; juft relation to 
fomething precedent or fubfequent. 

CONNEXIVE, kon-neks'-Iv.a. Hav- 
ing the force of connexion. 

CONNIVANCE, kon-nj'-vanfe. f. 
Voluntary blindnefs, pretended ig- 
norance, forbearance. 

To CONNIVE, kon-ni've. v. n. To 
wink ; to pretend blindnefs or ig- 

CONNOISSEUR, k6-r{f-f6'r. f. A 
judge, acritick. 

To CONNOTATE, kon'-no-iate. 
V. a. To defignate fomething be- 
fides itfelf. 

CONNOTATION, k6n-n6-t.V-fhiin. 
f. Implication of fomething be- 
fides iil'elf. 

To CONNOTE, kon-ro'te. v. a. 
To iipply, to betoken, to include. 

CONNUBIAL, kon-nu'-byal. a. 
Matrimonial, nuptial, conjugal. 

CONOID, ko'-noid. f. A figure 
partaking of a cone. 

CONOIDICAL, ko-noi'-dy-kil. a. 
Approaching to a conick form. 

To CONQUASSATE, kon-kwas'- 
sate. V. a. To (hake, to agitate. 

CONQUASSATION, kon-kuaf-sa'- 
fhi'in. f. Agitation, concuflion. 

To CONQUER, konk'-iir. v. a. To 
gain by conqueft, to win ; to over- 
come, to fubdue ; to furmount. 

ToCONQPER, konk'-iir. v.n. To 
get the viftory, to overcome. 

CONQUERABLE, konk'-er-abl. a. 
Foflible to be overcome. 

CONQUEROR, konk'-er-ur. f. A 
man that has obtained a \iftory, a 
viftor ; one that fubdues and ruins 

CONQUEST, konk'-kwift. f. The 
aft of conquering, fubjedion ; ac- 

quisition by viftory, thing gained; 
viftory, fuccefs in arms. 

gwln'-nyus. a. Near of kin, re- 
lated by birth, not affined. 

CONS.ANGUINn Y, k6n-fing- 
gwin'-i-ty'. f. Relation by blood. 

CONSARCINATION, kin-far-fy-- 
na'-/hiin. f. The aft of patching 

CONSCIENCE, k6n'-fh^nfe. f. The 
knowledge or faculty by which we 
judge of the goodnefs or wicked- 
nefs of ourfelves ; juftice, the efli- 
mate of confcience ; real fenti- 
ment, private thoughts; fcruple, 

CONSCIENTIOUS, k6n-fhln'-Ms. 
a. Scrupulous, exaftlyjult. 

fhuf-ly. ad. According lo the di- 
reftion of confcience. 

ften'-/huf-nis. f. Exaftnefs of juf- 

CONSCIONABLE, kon'-fnun-ibl. 
a. Reafonable, juft. 

ibl-nls. { Equity, reafonablenefs. 

CONSCIONABLY', k6n' fnun-ab-l^. 
ad. Reafonably, judly. 

CONSCIOUS, kon'-fhus. a. En- 
dowed with the power of knowing 
one's own thoughts and aftions ; 
knowing from memory ; admitted 
to the knowledge of any thing. 

CONSCIOUSLY, kon'-fhuf-ly. ad. 
With kncw'edge of one's own ac- 

CONSCIOUSNESS, k6n'-(hfif-rfs. 
f. The perception of what pa/Tei 
in a man's own mind ; internal 
fenfe of guilt, or innocence. 

CONSCRIPT, kon'-ficii'pt. a. Re- 
giftered, enrolled; a term ufed in 
fpeaking of the Roman fenators, 
who were called Patres confcrip- 

CONSCRIPTION, kon-ftrip'-fhun. 
f. An enrolling. 

To CONSECRATE, kon'-fe-krlle. 
V. a. To make facied, to appro- 
priate to facred ufes ; to dedicate 
inviolably to fome particular pur- 
pofe ; to canonize. 

CONSECRATE, k6n'-fe -krate. a. 
Ccnfecrated, facred. 

CONSECRATLR, kon'-fe-kra-ti'ir.. 
f. One that performs the rites by 
which any thing is devoted to fa- 
cred purpofes. 
CONSECRATION, kon-sc-kri'- 
Ihiin. f A rite of dedicating to the 
fervice of God ; the aft cf declar- 
ing one holy. 





CONSECTARY, kin'-lck-ter-y. a. 

Confeqiient, confeqnential. 
CONSECFARY, kon'-sek-ter-y. f. 
JJeduCtion from premifes, corol- 

CONSECUTION, k6n-fc-kiV-(Tiiin. 
f. Train of confequenccs, chain 
of deduflions ; fuccertion ; in aflro- 
nomy, the nior.'.h of confecution, 
is the fpace between one conjunc- 
tion of the moon with the fun unto 

COIm'SECUTIVE, kon-sek'-ku-ti.-. 
a. Following in train ; confe- 
quential, regularly fucceetling. 

To CONSEMIN.VfE, k6n-fe,n'-i- 
naie. v. a. To fow different feeds 

CONbE.VSiON, kun-fen'-fliun. f 
-Agreement, accord. 

CONSENT, kon-fcnt". f The ad 
of yielding or conlenting ; concord, 
sgreement; coherence with, cor- 
sefpondence ; tendency to one 
point ; the perception one part has 
of another, by means of fonie fibres 
and nerves common to them both. 

To CONSENT, kin-fent'. v. n. To 
agree to ; to co-operate uith. 

CONSENTANEOUS, kon-fen-ta'- 
nyus. a. Agreeable to, confiftent 

ta-nyuf-Iy. ad. Agreeably, con- 
fidently, fuitably. 

fen-ta'-nyuf-nis. f. Agreement, 

CONSENTIENT, kon-fin'-fhent. a. 
Agreeing, ur.ited in opinion. 

CONSE<^ENCE, kin-fe-kw^nfe. 
f. That which fallows from any 
caufe or principle; deduflion, con- 
clufion.; concatenation of caufes 
and effefls ; importance, moment. 

CONSEQUENT, kon'-fe kwent. a. 
Following by rational deduftion ; 
following as the efFeft nf a caufe. 

CONSEQUENr, kon'-fi-kwcnt. f. 
Confequence, that which follows 
fronfi previous propofitions ; effed, 
that which follows an aiting caufe. 

CONSEQUENT! AL,konfc-kwcn'- 
fhal. a. Produced by the neccf- 
f;.ry concatenation of eftefts to 
caufes; conclufive. 

CONSEQUENl'lALLY, kon-f^- 
kwen'-flial-^'. ad. With juft de- 
duftion of confequences ; by confe- 
quence, eventually; in a regular 

tc kweci'-ftial-nis. f. Regular con- 
frcu'ion of difcourfe. 

CONSEQUENTLY, kun'-fc-kwcut- 

ly. ad. By confequence, necef- 

farily ; in confequence, purfuantly. 


kweiit-nis. f. Regular connexion. 

CONSERVADLE, kon-fer'-vabl. a. 

Capable of being kept. 
CONSERVANCY, kon-fer'-van-sy. 
f. Courts held by the Lord Mayor 
of London for the prefcrvation of 
the fifhery. 
CONSERVATION, kon-fer-va'- 

fliun. f. The aft of preferring, 

continuance, proteflion ; preferva- 

tion fiom corruption. 
CONSERVATIVE, kon-fer'-va-tlv. 

a. Having the power of oppofing 

diminution or injury. 
CONSERVATOR, kon-fer-va'-tor. 

f. Prcferver. 
CONSERVATORY, kon-ftr'-va- 

tiir-y. f. A place where any thing 

is kept. 
CONSERVATORY, k6n-fe/-va- 

ti:;' y. a. Having a prefervativc 

To CONSERVE, k6n-{erv'. v. a. 

To preferve without lois or detri- 
ment; to candy or pickle fruit. 
CONSERVE, kon-ferv'. (. A fweet- 

meat made of the juices of fruit 

boiled with fugar. 
CONSERVER, kon-fei'-vur. f A 

layer up, arepolitor; a preparer of 

CONSESSION, kon-fes'-fhiin. f. A 

fitting together. 
CONSESSOR, kon-fes'-for. f. One 

that fits with others. 
To CONSIDER, kin-sid'-ur. v. a. 

To think upon with care, to pon- 
der; to have regard to ; to requite, 

to reward one for his trouble. 
To CONSIDER, kon-sld'-iir. v. n. 

To think maturely; to deliberate, 

to work in the mind. 
CONSIDERABLE, kon-sid'-er-ibl. 

a. Worthy of confidcration ; re- 

fptflablc ; important, valuable ; 

more than a little, a middle fenfe 

between little and great. 

d-r-ibl-nis. f. Importance, value, 

a claim to notice. 
CONSIDERABLY, kon-sld'-cr-ab- 

ly. ad. In a degree deferving no- 
tice; importantly. 

f. Confideration, refleftion. 
CONSIDERATE, kon-sid'-c-rct. a. 

Serious, prudent ; having refpeft 

to, regardful ; moderate. 
CONSIDERATELY, kon-iid'-L-ret- 

ly. ad. Calmly, coolly, 

rct-nis. r. Prudence. 

fiiun. f. The aft of confidering, 
regard, roticc ; mature thought; 
meditation ; imp.ortance, claim to 
notice; equivalent, compenfation ; 
motive of aftion, influence ; rea- 
fon, ground cf concluding; in 
law, Confideration is the material 
caufe of : contraft, without wluck 
ro contraft binJeth. 

CONSIDERER, kon-sid'-e-rur. f 
A man of - lleftion. 

CONSIDERING, kon-siJ'-er-Ing. 
ad. If allowance be made for. 

To CONSIGN, kon-si'ne. v. a. To 
give to another any thing; to ap- 
propriate ; to make over ; to tranf- 
fer; to commit, to entruft. 

To CONSIGN, kon-sl'ne. v. n. To 
yield, to fign, to confent to. Obf. 

CONSIGNATION, kon-sig-nl'- 
fhiin. f. The aft of configning. 

CONSIGNMENT, kon-sl'ne-raent. 
f. The aft of configning; the 
writing by which any thing is coa- 

CONSIMILAR, kin-si'm'-i-lar. a. 
Having one common refemblance. 

To CONSIST, kun-si'lV. v. n. To 
continue fixed, without diflipation ; 
to be comprifcd, to be contained 
in ; to be compofed of; to agree. 

CONSISTENCE, kon-sL'-tenfe. I 

CONSISTENCY, kon-sis'-ten-fy. $ 
f. State with refpeft to material 
exiflence ; degree of denfenefs or 
rarity ; fubllance, form ; agree- 
ment with itfcif, or with any other 

CONSISTENT, kon-sfs'-t^nt.a. Not 
contradiftory, not oppofed ; firm, 
not l\a\'h 

CONSISTENTLY, k6n-fL'-tent-l^. 
ad. Without contradiftion, agree- 

CONSISTORIAL, kon-sif-to'-ryiL 
a. Relating to the ecclefiaflical 

CONSISTORY, k6n'-sif-lur--;f'. f. 
The phace of juflice in the eccle- 
fiaflical court ; the affembly of car- 
dinals ; any folemn affembly. 

CONSOCIATE, kon-fo'-lhit. f. 
An accomplice, a confederate, 3 

To unite, to join. 

To CONSOCI.VTE, kon-f6'-(hat. 
V. n. To coalefce, to unite. 

CONSOCIATION. kon-fo'-fya'- 
fliiin. f. Alliance; union, inti- 
macy, companionfliip. 

CONSOLABLE, koa-so-labl. a. 

That which admits comfort. 
I'cCONSOLATE, .koo'-fy-late. v. a. 




To comfort, to confole. Little 

CONSOLATION, kon-ro-Ii'-fhi'in. 

f. Comfcjrt, alleviation of mi- 

CONSOLATOR, kon'-fo-li lur. f. 

A comforter. 
CONSOLATORY, kon-fi'-Ii-iur-y. 

f. A fpeerh or writing containing 

topicks cf tomfjrt. 
CONSOLATORY, kon-fo'-la-tur-y. 

a. 1 ending to give comfort. 
To CONSOLE, k6n-fo le. v. a. To 

comfort, to cheer. 
CONSOLE, kon'-fo!e. f. In ar- 

chitciTlure, a part or member pro- 

jtcfling in manner of a bracket. 
CONSOLER, kon-so'-lur. f. One 

that gives comfort. 
CCNSOLIDANT, kon-fol' 1 dint. 

a. That which has the quality of 

uniting v.ounds. 
To CONSOLIDATE, kon-fol'-i- 

daie. V. a. To form into a com- 

pad and folid bod) ; to harden ; 

to combine two parliamentary bills, 

or ti^'o benefices into one. 
To CONSOLIDATE, kon-fol'-i- 

date. V. n. To grow firm, hard, 

or folid. 
CONSOLIDATION, kon-foll-di'- 

fhun. f. The aft of uniting into a 

folid mafs ; the annexing of one 

bill in parliament to another; the 

combining two benefices in one. 
CONSONANCE, k6n'-f6 nanfe. 1 
CONSONANCY, kon'-fo-nin-fy. ] 

f. Accord of found ; conlillency, 

congruence; agreement, concord. 
CONSONANT, kon'-so-nint. a. 

Agreeable, according, confiiient. 
CONSONANT, k6u'-^6-nint. f. A 

letter which cannot be founded by 

CONSONANTLY, k6n'-s6-nant-ly. 

ad. Confiil' ntly, agreeably. 
CONSONANTNESS, kon'-to-nant- f. Agreeablenefs, confiilency. 
CONSONOUS, ko.i'-io-nus. a. A- 

greeing in found, fymphoniou5. 
CONSOPIATION, kon-io-py-a'- 

fhun. f. The aft of laying to 

CONSORT, kin'-fort. f. Compa- 

uion, partner; a number of in- 

ilruments playing together, more 

properly written Concert; concur- 
rence, union. 
To CONSORT, kon-fa'rt. v. n. To 

alTociate with. 
To CONSORT, kon-fiVrt. v. a. To 

join, to mix, to marry. He with 

his conforte^: Eve. To accompany. 
CONSORTABLE, kon-fa'r.tabl. a. 

To be compared with, fuitable. 

CONSORTION, kin-fi'i-n.un. f. 
J'artnerfiilp, fociety. 

CONSPECTABLE,' k6n-fp<5k'-tabl. 
a. Eafy to be fecn. 

COIsTSPECTUITY, kin-fpt^k-tu' 1- 
IV. f. Senfe of (eeirg. Not ufed. 

CO'NSPERSION, kon.fper'-lhun. f. 
A fprinkling about. 

CONSPICUITY, kon-fpi-ku'-i-t)'-. 
f. Brightnefs, obvioufnefs to the 

CONSPICUOUS, k.'.n-fflk' u us. 
a. Obvious to the fight, feen at 
dillance ; eminent, diltinguiftied. 

CCNSPICUOUSLY, kon-fplk' u- 
I'lf-ly. ad. Obvioufly to the view ; 
eminently, remarkably. 

u I'lf nL. f. Expofure to the view ; 
eminence, celebrity. 

CONSPljlACY, kon-fpcr'-i-fy.f. A 
plot, a concerted treafon ; an 
agreement of men to do any thing, 
in an evil fenfe ; tendency of many 
caufes to one event. 

CONSPIRANT, kon-fpi'-rant. a. 
Engaged in a confpiracy, plotting. 

CONSPIRATION, kon-fpi-ra'-n-.un. 
f. A plot. 

CONSPIRATOR, kon-fper'-a-tur. 
f. A man engaged in a plot, a 

To CONSPIRE, kon-fpi're. v. n. 
To concert a crime, to plot ; to 
agree together, as all things con- 
fpire to make him happv. 

CONSPIRER, kon-ffi'-rur. f. A 
confpirator, a plotter. 

CONSTABLE, kun'-llabl. f. A 
peace-officer, formerly one of the 
officers of the Hate. 

CONS TABLESHIP, ku:>'-flabl-lhjp. 
f. 'i'he ofiice of a conllable. 

CONSTANCY, k6n'-rt;in-fy. f. Un- 
alterable continuance; ccnfiliency, 
unvaried Hate; refolution, ftcadi- 
nefs ; lafting affeftion. 

CONSTAN'J', kon'-flant. a. Firm, 
not fluid ; unvaried, unchanged ; 
firm, refolute, free from change of 
afteftion ; certain, not various. 

CONSTANTLY, kon'-flant-ly. ad. 
Unvariably, perpetually, certain- 
ly, fteadily. 

To'CONSTELLATE, kon-ftel'-l.Ke. 
v. n. To (bine vVith onfe general 

To CONSTELLATE, kon-ftel'-late. 
v. a. To unite feveral Ihining bo- 
dies in one fplendour. 

CONSTELLATTON, kcSn-liel-'a'- 
Ibiin. f. A cluiler of fixed liars ; 
an affemblage of fplendours, or ex- 

CONSTERNATION, kon-fter-na- 

fln'iii. f. Alloniniment, amaze- 
ment, terrour, dread. 

To CONSTIPATE, kon' ill pate. 
V. a. To croud together into a 
narrow room ; to thicken, to con- 
denfe; to flop by filling up the 
palTages ; to make coftive. 

CONSTIPATION, kon-Hl-pa'-niim. 
f. The aft of crsuding any thing 
into lefs room ; (loppage, obftruc- , 

tion by plenitude. 

CONSTITUENT, kon-fljt'-ii-ent. 
a. Elemental, ellential, that of 
which anv thing confifts. 

CONSTITUENT, k(jn-ftL'-u-ent. 
f. The perfon or thing which con- 
ftitutes or fettles any thing; that 
which is necefiary to the fubfiftence 
of any thing; he that deputes an- 

To CONSTITUTE, kon'-fli-tute. 
V. a To produce, to appoint; to 
ereft, toellablifh; to depute. 

CONSTITUfER, kof'-lii tu-tur. f. 
He that conllitutes or appoints. 

CONSTITUTION, kon-lH-tu'-iliun. 
f. The aft of conllituting, enaft- 
ing, eftablUliing ; Hate of being, 
natural qualities ; corporeal frame; 
temper of body, with refpcft to 
health; temp°r of mind ; elKiblilh- 
ed form of government, fyftem of 
laws and culloms ; particular law, 
eftablilliment, inllitution 

CONSTITUTIONAL, kon-fi! ti'- 
fhun-ul. a. Bred in the conllitu- 
tion, radical ; confUlent with the 
conftitutioii, legal. 

COi^ISTITUTIVE, kon-niL'-tu-tiv. 
a. Elemental, eflential, produc- 
tive ; having the power to enaft or 

To CONSTRAIN, kon-ftra'n. v. a. 
To compel, to force to fome ac- 
tion ; to hinder by force ; to ne- 
ceflitate; to confine, to prefs. 

CONSTRAINABLE, kon-flra'-nabl. 
a. Liable to conllraint. 

CONSMRAINER, kin-llra-nur, f. 
He that conflrains. 

CONSTRAINT, kin-ftra'nt. f. Cora- 
pulfion, violence, confinement. 

To CONSTRICT, kon-ftrlkt'. v. a. 
To bind, to cramp; to contraft, 
to caufe to fhr'nic. 

CONSTRICTION, k<;n-flcik'-(hun. 
f. Contraftion, compreflion. 

CONST RiCTOR, kon-ftrlk' ttir. f. 
That which compreffesorcontrafts. 

To CONSTRINGE, kon-ftrin'je. 
v. a. To comprefs, to contraft, 
to bind. 

CONSTIUNGENT, k6n-ftrin'-jent. 
a. Having the quality of binding 
or comprelling. 

Ci_ To 




To CONSTRUCT, kon-flrukt'. v. a. 
To build, to form. 

f. The aiit of building ; the form 
of building, flrudlure; the puuliig 
cf words together in fuJi a man- 
ner as to convey a complete fenfe ; 
ihc aft of interpreting, explana- 
tion ; the fenfe, the meaning; the 
in:inner of defcribing a figure in 

CONSTRUCTURE, kon-flruk'- 
tflu'ir. f. Pile, edifice, fabrick. 

To CONSTRUE, kon'f-tur. v. a, 
l"o interpret, to explain. 

To CONSTUPRATE, kon'-ftu- 
prate, v. a. To violate, to de- 
bauch, to defile. 

CONSrUPRATlON, kon-ftu-pra - 
fliun. f. Violation, defilement. 

lian'-fhal. a. Having the fame ef- 
fcnce or fubftance ; being of the 
fame kind or nature. 

fub-lh'in-flial'-l-iy. f. Exiftence of 
more than one in the fame fub- 

fiib-ilan'-fliate. v. a. To unite in 
one common fubftance or nature. 

f6b-llan-(ha'-fhun. f. The union 
of the body of our blcfled Saviour 
with the facramental element, ac- 
ccrding to the Lutherans. 

CONSUL, kon'-ful. f. The chief 
niagirtrate in the Roman republick; 
an cflicer commiflioned in foreign 
parts to judge between the mer- 
chants of his nation. 

CONSULAR, kon'-fhii-lur. a. Re- 
lating to the conful. 

CONstfLATE, kon'-fliu-lct. f. The 
office of confuL 

CONSULSHIP,k6n'-ful-fliip. f. The 
office of conful. 

To CONSULT, kon-fuk'. v. n. To 
take counfel together. 

To CONSULT, k6n-fult'. v. a. To 
afk advice of, as he confulted his 
friends ; to regard, to aft with view 
or rtfpcft to ; to fearch into, to 
evaminc, as to confult an author. 

CONSULT, kon-fuk'. f. The aft 
of confulting; the. efFcft of conful t- 
ing, determination ; a council, a 
number of perfons afllmbled in de- 

CONSULPATION, kin-fiM-ia'- 
fiu'in. f. The aft of confulting, 
fecrct deliberation ; a number of 
perfons confulted together. 

CONSULTKR', kAn-fiil'-tiir. f. One 
(hat cunluhs or alks counRL 

CONSUMABLE, kin-fu'-mJbL a. 
Sufceptible of deftruftion. 

To CONSUME, k6n-fu'me. v. a. 
To wade, to fpend, to deflroy. 

To CONSUME, kon-fu'me. v. n. 
To wade away, to be exhaufted. 

CONSUMER, kon-fii'-mur. f One 
that fpends, waftes, ordellroys any 

To CONSUMMATE, kon-fum'-met. 
V. a. To complete, to perfeft. 

CONSUMMATE, kin-fiim'-met. a. 
Complete, perfeft. 

CONSUMMATION, kin-fum-mA'- 
fliun. f. Completion, perfeftion, 
end ; the end of the prefent fyilem 
of things ; death, end of life. 

CONSUMPTION, kon-fiimp'-fhun. 
f. The aftof confuming, wafte; the 
ftate of wafting or perirtiing ; a walle 
of inufcular fleflr, attended with a 
heftick fever. 

CONSUMPTIVE, k6n-fimp'-t!v. a. 
Dellruftive, wailing, exhaulling; dif- 
eafed with a confumption. 

tiv-nis. f, A tendency to a con- 

CONSUTILE, kin-fu'-tll. a. Sewed 
or flitched togettier. 

To CONTABULATE, kon-tab'-ii- 
la'e, V. a. To floor with boards. 

CONTACT, kin'-takt. f. Touch, 
clofe union. 

CONTAGTION, k6n-t.\k'-(hun. f. 
The aft of touching. 

CONTAGION, kun''-tJ'-jun. f. The 
emiflion from body to body by which 
difeafes are communicated ; infec- 
tion, propagation of mifchief; pef- 
tilence, venomous emanations. 

CONTAGIOUS, kon-ta-ji'is. a. In- 
feftious, caught by approach. 

CONTAGIOUSNESS, kon-ta-jiif- f. The quality of being con- 

To CONTAIN, kon-ta'n. v. a. To 
hold as a vefl'el ; to comprife, as a 
writing; torellrain, to with-hold. 

To CONTAIN, kon-ta'n. v. n. To 
live in continence. 

CONTAINABLE, kin-ii'-n;\bl. a. 
Pi flible to be contained. 

To CONTAMINATE, kon-tam'-i- 
nate. a/, a. To defile, to corrupt 
by bafe mixture. 

CONTAMINATE, kon-tam'-i-nate. 
a. Polluted, defiled. 

na'-lhiin. f. Pollution, defile- 
ment. , 

to C0NTP:MN, kon-tcm'. v. a. To 
dcrpifc, to fcorn, to ncglcft. 

CONTEMNER, kon-ttm'-nur. f. 
One tlia; (untemns, a dcfpiicr. 

To CONTEMPER. k6n-tJm'-pfir. 
V. a. To moderate, 

pc-va-mcnt. f. The degree of any 

'To CONTEMPERATE, kon-tcm'- 
pe-rate. v. a. To moderate, to 

p&-ia'-flu'in. f. The aft of mode- 
rating or tempering; proportionate 
mixture, proportion. 

To CONTEMPLATE, kon-tem'- 
plate. V. a. 'To ftudy, to medi- 

To CONTEMPLATE, kon-tem'- 
plate. V. n. To inufe, to think ftu- 
diouflv with long attention. 

fbun. f. Meditation, ftudious 
thought on any fubjed ; holy me- 
ditation ; lludy, oppofed to aftion. 

CONTEMPLATIVE, kon-temp'-la- 
tlv. a. Given to thought, ftu- 
dious. employed in ftudy ; having 
the power of thought. 

la-iiv-ly. ad. Thoughtfully, atten- 

CONTEMPLATOR. kin'-tem-pla- 
tiir. f. One employed in ftudy. 

CONTEMPORARY, kon-tem'-po- 
rer-y. a. Living in the fame age ; 
born at the fame time ; exifting at 
the fame point of time. 

CONTEMPORARY, kon-tem'-po- 
r^r-y. f. One who lives at the fame 
time with another. 

To CONTEMPORISE, kon-t^m'- 
po-rlze. V. a. To make contem- 

CONTEMPT, kon-tempt'. f. The 
aft of defpiiing others, fcorn ; the 
ftate of being defpifcd, vilenefs. 

CONTEMPTIBLE, kon-tcmp'-tfbl. 
a. Worthy of contempt, deferving 
fcorn ; defpifed, fcorned, negleft- 

tcmp'-iJbl-nis. f. The ftate of being 
contemptible; vilenefs, cheapncfs. 

CONTEMPTIBLY, kon-tcinp'-tib- 
ly. ad. Meanly, in a manner de- 
ferving contempt. 

CONTEMPTUOUS, kon-temp'-iu- 
I'ls. a. Scornful, apt to defpife. 

tii ilif ly. ad. With fcorn, with de- 

temp'- iuul'-r.i». f. Difpofition to 

'ToCON'TEND, kon-tend'. v. n. To 
ftrivc, to ftruggle in oppofition ; to 
vie, to .ift in cinulaiiou. 





To CONTEND, kon-tind'. v. a* 
To difpute any thing, to conteft. 

CONTENDENT, kin-cen'-dent. f. 
Antagonift, oppon;nt. 

CONTENDER, koa-tcn'-dur. f, 
Combatint, champion. 

CONl'ENT, kon-ient'. a. Satif- 
fitd f'o as not to repine, eafy. 

ToCONTtNl', kin-tent'. V. a. To 
fatisfy Co as to Hop complaint; to 
pleafe, to gratify. 

CONTENT, kon-tent'. f. Mode- 
rate happinefs ; acquiefcence ; that 
which is contained, or included in 
any thing ; the poiver of contain- 
ing, extent, capacity ; that which 
is comprifed in a writing— in this 
fenfe ufed only in the phiral. 

CONTENTED, k6n-tdn'-tld. part. 
a. Sntisfi.-d, at quiet, not repining. 

CONTENTION, kon-ten'-lhun. f. 
Strife, debate, Cornell ; emulation, 
endeavour to excel. 

CONTENTIOUS, kin-ten'-lhus. a 
Quarrelfome, given to debate, per- 

CONTENTIOUSLY, koa-tcn'-(huf- 
Iv ad. Perverfely, quarrelfomely 

fliuf-nis. f. Pronenefs to conteft. 

CONTENTLESS, kon-tent'-lis. a. 
Dlfcontented, diflatisfied, uneafv. 

f. Acquiefcence without plenary 
fatisfaiftion ; gratification. 

CONTERMINOUS, kon-tcr'-mi- 
ni'is. a. Bordering upon. 

CONTERRANEOUS, kon-ter-ra'- 
nyus. a. Of the fame country. 

To CONTEST, kon-telV. V. a. To 
difpute, to controvert, to litigate. 

To CONTEST, kon-teit'. v. n. To 
ftrive, to contend ; to vie, to emu- 

CONTEST, kon'-tefl. f. Difpute, 
difi^erence, debate. 

CONTu STABLE, k6n-te/-tabl. a. 
Difputable, controvertible. 

tabl-nis. f. Poflibility of contell. 

f. The ad of contefting, debate, 

To CONTEX, kon-teks'. v. a. To 
weave together. 

CONTEX r, kon'-teklt. f. The ge- 
neral feries of a difcourfe. 

CONTEXT, kon-teklV. a. Knit to- 
gether, firm. 

CONTEXTURE, k6n-teks'-tnmr. f. 
The difpofition of parts one among 
another, the fyftem, the conltitu- 

CONTIGNATION, kun-tlg-ni'- 
ihiin. f. A frame of beams or 

bo.irds joined together; the aft of 
framiiig or y.i'inir.'i a fabtick. 

CONTIGUITY, kon-ti-gu'-f-ty. f. 
Aflual contaft, nearnefa of fuua- 

CONTIGUOUS, kon-tlg'-u-us. a. 
Meeting fo as to touch, bordering 

CONTIGUOUSLY, kbn-iig'-u-hC- 
]y. ad. Without any intervening 

CONTIGUOUSNESS, kon-tlg'-u- 
iif-nls. f. Clofe connexion. 

CONTINENCE, kon'-tl-nenfe. 7 /• 

CONTINENCY,k6n'-tl-nen-fy. 5 ' 
Rellraint, command of one's felf ; 
chaftity in general ; forbearance of 
l.i'.vfu! pleafure; moderation in law- 
ful pleafures. 

CONTINENT, kon'-tl-nent. a. 
Chafte, abllemious in lawful plea- 
fures ; rellrained, moderate, tem- 

CONTINENT, koii'-ti-n^nt. f. Land 
not disjointed by the fea from other 
lands ; that which contains any 

To CONTINGE, kon-tlnj'e. v. a. 
To touch, to reach 

CONTINGENCE, kon-tin' 


The quality of being fortuitous, 
accidental poflibility. 

CONTINGENT, kon-tln'-jent. a. 
falling out by chance, accidental. 

CONTINGENT, kon-tln'-jent. f. 
A t'ling in the hands of chance; a 
proportion that falls to any perfon 
upon a divifion. 

CONTINGENTLY, kon-tlu'-jc^nt- 
1^. ad. Accidentally ; without any 
fettled rule. 

jent-ni?. f. Accidentalnefs. 

CONilNUAL, kon-tin'u al. a. 
Inceffant, proceeding without inter- 
ruption ; in law, a continual claim 
is made from time to time, within 
every year and day, 

CONIINUALLY, kon-iln'-u-al-y. 
ad. Without paufe, without inter- 
ruption ; without ceafing. 

CONTINUANCE, kon-tfn'-u-anfe. 
f. SuccefTion uninterrupted ; per- 
manence in one I'ate ; abode in a 
place ; duration, laftingnefs ; per- 

CONTINUATE, kon-tin'-u-ate. a. 
Immediately united ; uninterrupt- 
ed, unbroken. 

CONTINUATION, kon-tin-u-i'- 
flian. f. Protradlion, or fucceflion 


D, kon-tin'- "\ 

(, kon-tin'- r 

CONTINU-'\TIVE, kin-tin'-i-ji- 
tlv. f. AB> exprcillon noting per- 
manence or duration. 

CONTINUATOR, kon-tiV-i'i-i-tir. 
f. He that continues or keeps up 
the feries or fucceflion. 

To CONTINUE, k6n-tln'-ii. v. n. 
To remain in the fame ftate ; to 
laft, to be durable ; to perfevere. 

To CONTINUE, kon-tin'-ii. v. a. 
To protiadl, or repeat without in- 
terruption ; to unite without a 
chafm, or inter.sjiing fubfiance. 

CONTINUEDLY, kon-tln'-u-ed-ly. 
ad. Without interruption^without 

C0NTINUER,k6n-tin'-u.ur. f. One 
that has the power of perfeverance. 

CONTINUITY, kon-tin-nu-i-iy. f. 
Connexion uninterrupted, cohefion; 
the texture or cohefion of the parts 
of an animal bodv. 

CONTINUOUS, kon-tln'-u-us. a. 
Joined together, without the inter- 
vention of anv fpace. 

To CONTORT, kon-tort'. v. a. To 
twill, to writhe. 

CONTORTION, kon-tor'-fhun. f. 
Twift, wry motion, flexure. 

CONTOUR, kon-to r. f. The out- 
line, the line by which any figure is 
defined or terminated. 

CONTRA, kon'-tra. A latin prepo- 
fition, ufed in compofition, which 
fignifies, againji. 

CONTRABAND, kon'-tra-band. a. 
Prohibited, illegal, unlawful. 

To CONTRACT, kon-trakt'. v. a. 
To draw together, to (horten ; to 
bring two parties together, to make 
a bargain ; to betroth, to affiance ; 
to get a habit of; to abridge, to 

To CONTRACT, kon-trakt'. v. n. 
To flirink up, to grow fliort ; to 
bargain, as lo contraft for a quan- 
tity of provifions. 

CONTRACT, kon'-trakt. f. A bar- 
gain, a compact ; an aft whereby a 
man and woman are betrothed to 
one another; a writing in which 
the terms of a bargain are included. 

CONTRAC'iEDNESS, kon-trak'- 
ted-nis. f. The Hate of being con- 

CONTRACTIBILITY, kon-trik-ii- 
bil' i-ty. f. Poffibility of being 

CONTRACriBLE, kon-tiak'-tlbl. 
a. CapaHe of contrailion. 

CON TRAC riBLENESS,k6n-trak'. 
tibl-nis. f. The quality of fufFer- 
ing contratlion. 

CONTRACi'ILE, kcm-tra'k-tll. a. 

Having the poweroflhorteningiifelf. 





CONTR ACTION. kSn-t:aK'-Mn. r. 
The aft of contrafting or fhcrten- 
inf ; the aft of fhrinking or fti'ivel- 
)inp ; the flate of being contrafted, 
dra'.vn into a narrow compars; in 
grammar, the reduftion of two vow- 
els or fyllables to one ; abbrevia- 
tion, as the writing is full of con- 

CONTRACTOR, kon-trak'-tur. f 
One of the parties to a contraft or 

'io CONTRADfCT, k6n-tra-d{kt'. 
V. a. To oppofe verbally, to deny; 
to be contrary to. 

CONTRADICTER, kon-tia-dlk'- 
tur. f. One that contradifts, an 
oppc fer. 

CONTRADICTION, k6n-tri.dlk'- 
fliun. f. Verbal op^ofition, con- 
iroverfiil aflertion ; oppofuion ; in- 
conJiftency, incongruity ; contra- 
riptv in thought or effeft. 

fhus. a. Filled with contradiftions, 
inconlifte)it ; inclined tocontradift. 

tra-dik'-Ihuf-ni's. f. Inconfiilency. 

dik'-iur i-ly. ad. Inconfillently with 
himfelf ; oppofitcly to others. 

CONTRADICTORY, kon-tri-dlk'- 
tur-y. a. Oppofite to, inconfillent 
with ; in logick, that which is in the 
fulled oppofuion. 

CONTRADICTORY, kon-tra-dlk'- 
tur-y. f. A propofition which op- 
poles another in all its terms, in- 

dif-ilnk'-lhun. f. Diftinftion by 
oppofite qualities. 

tra-dlf-ting'-gwilh. v. a. To diflin- 
guifh by oppofite qualities. 

CONIRAFISSURE, kon-tra-f!s'- 
fhure. f. A crack of the fkull, 
whtre the blow was inflifted, is 
called fifl'ure ; but in the contrary 
part, contrafiflure. 

in'-di-kite. v. a. To point out 
fome peculiar fymptom, contrary to 
the general lenoiir of tiie malady. 

CONi R AINDlCA'l'ION, kon-tra- 
In-di ka'-fhiin f. An indication or 
fymptom, which forbids ihat to be 
done, which the main fcope of a 
dileafe points out at firll. 

CON TRaMURH, kon-tiA-mu're. f. 
An'out-wall built about the main 
w;ill of a city. 

C(JN I RANITENCY, kon-tia-ni'- 
ten-ly. f. Re-aftion, a rtfiftency 
agaiDli preflure. 

zlih' I'n. f. A placipg ov'T againft. 

re?-u lar'-i-ty. f. Contrariety to rule. 

COMRARIANT, kin-tri'-ryant. a. 
Inconfillent, contradiftory. 

CONTRARIES, kon'-tra-ryz. f. 
Things of oppofite natures or qua- 
lities; in logick, propofitions which 
deflroy each other. 

CONTRARIETY, ko.i'-trJ-ri'-S-t)' . 
f. Repugnance, oppofition ; in- 
confill'-ncy, quality or pofition de- 
ftruftive of its oppofite. 

CONTRARILY, kou'-td-rf Af. ad. 
In a manner contrary ; different 
ways, in oppofite dircftions. Little 

CONTRARINESS, kon'-tra-ry-n!s. 
f. Contrariety, oppofition. 

CONTRARIOUS, kon-tra'-ryus. a. 
Oppofite, repugnant. 

CON IRARIOUSLY, kon-tra'-ryuf- 
ly. ad. Oppofitelv. 

CONTRARIWISE, kon'-tra-ry-wife. 
ad. Converfely ; on the contrary. 

CON TRARY, kon'-ira-ry. a. Op- 
pofite, contraditlory ; inconfiftent, 
difag; eeing ; adverfe, in an oppofite 

CONTRARY, kon'tra-ry. f. A 
thing of oppofi'.e qualities ; a pro. 
pofition contrary to lome other; 
in oppofition, on the other fide; to 
a contrary purpofe. 

CONTRAST, kun'-trad. f. Oppo- 
fition and diflimilitude of figures, by 
which one contributes to the vifibi- 
lily or eflx-ft of another 

To CON FRAST, kon-tr.^ft'. v. a. 
To place in oppofition ; to Ihew 
another figure to advantage. 

v:\l-la'-fliun. f. The fortification 
thrown up to hinder the fallies of 
the garrifon. 

To CONTRAVENE, kon-tri-ve'ne. 
V. a. To oppofe, to obftruft, .to 

CON I RAVENER, k6n-(r-i-ve'-nur. 
f. He who oppofes another. 

CONTRAVEN FiON, kon-tra-ven'- 
fiiun. f. Oppofition. 

CON TRECTATION, kon-trck-ta'- 
Ihi'in. f. A touching ; the aft of 

CONTRIBUTARY, kin-trib'-uler- 
y. a. Paying tribute to the fame 

'I'o give to fome common llock. 

To bear a p.irt, to have a fliare in 
any aft or efieft. 

CON FRIBUTION,k6n-Ui-bu'-ftiuii. 

f. The aft of promoting fome c?e- 
fign in conjunftion wi:h other pcr- 
fons ; that which is given by feve- 
ral hands for fome common pur- 
pofe ; that which is paid for the fup- 
port of an armv lying in a country. 

CONFRIBUFIVE, kon-trib'-u-ilv. 
a. That which has the power or 
quality of promoting any purpofe 
in concurrence with other motives. 

CONTRlFUFOR.k(>n-trlt)'-u-tur. f. 
One that bears a part in fome com- 
mon defign. 

y. a. Fromoting the fame end, 
bringing alfiflance to fome joint 

ToCONTRISTATE, kon-trL'-tite. 
v. a. To fadden, to make forrow- 
ful. Not ufed. 

CONTRISTATION, kou trlf-ta'- 
fliun. f The aft of making fad, 
the ihte of being made fad. Not 

CONTRITE, kon'-trice. a. 13ruifed» 
much worn ; worn with iorrow, 
harafied with the fenl'e of guilt, 

CONTKIFENESS, kon-tri'te-nis f. 
Contrition, repentance. 

CON'FRFFION, kon-tilfh'-un. f. 
The aft of grinding or rubbing to 
powder; penitence, forrcm- for lin. 

CONFRIVABLE, kon-tri-vibl. a. 
FolTible to be planned by the mind, 

CON FRIVANCE, kon-tri'-vinfe. f. 
The aft of contriving ; fcheme, 
plan ; a plot, an artifice. 

To CONFRI\'E, kon-tri've. v. a. 
To plan out ; to find out means. 

ToCONFRlVE, kon-tri've. v. n. 
To form or defign, to plan. 

CONTRIVEMENF, kon-tri'vc- 
mcnt. f. Invention. 

CON'I'RIVER, kon-tri'-vur. f. An 

CONTROL, kt>n-tru'l. f. A regifJer 
or account kept by another officer, 
that each may be ex.-imined by the 
other; cheik, rellraint; power, au- 
thority, fupcrintt'ndence. 

To CO.nFROL, kon-tro'l. v. a. To 
keep under check by a counter- 
reckoning; to govern, to rellrain, 
to confute. 

CONl'l<OLLABLE,k6n-tr6'l-abl. a. 
Subjcft to control, fubjeft to be 

CONTROLLER, kon-tri'l iV. f. 
One that has the power of govern- 
ing or rellraining. 

CONTROLLERSHIF, kon-tro'l ur- 
(liip. f T'he ( fiice of a controller. 

CON TROLMENT', koo-trol-ment. 

f. 'I'he power or aft of fupcrin- 





tending or retraining, reflraint; op 

pofition, confut'tion. 
CONTROVERSIAL, kon-tr6-v^,'. 

fhil. a Relating to difputes, dif- 

CONTROVERSY, l.on'-tri-ver-f^. 

f. Difpute, debate ; afuitinlaw; 

a quarel. 
To CONIROVERT, k6n'-tr&-v6rt. 

V. a. To deb.-ite, to difpute any 

thing in writing. 
CONTROVi:RTIBLE, kin-tro- 

veri'-ib! a. Dil'putable. 
CONTROVERTIST, kon'-tro-ver- 

till. f. DiTputant. 
CONTUMACIOUS, kon-tu-ma'- 

fhus. a. Obftinate, perverfe, ftub- 


(hus-!y. ad. Obllinately, inflexi- 
bly, perverlelv. 

ir.a'-fhuf-nis. f. Obltinacy, per- 

CONTUMACY, kon'-tu-rea-fy. f. 

ObiHnacy, perverfeneff ; in law, a 

wilful contempt and diinbeditnce 

to any lanfui fummons or judicial 

CONTUMELIOUS, kon-iu-me'- 

]yus. a. Reproachful, farcallick ; 

inclined to utter reproach ; produc- 
tive of reproach, fh.'.mefu'. 
CONTUMELIOUSLY, kon-tu-me'- 

lyi'if-ly. ad. Reproachfully, con- 


me'-lyuf-nis. f. Rudenefs, reproach. 
CONTUMELY, kon'-tii-md-ly. f. 

Contemptuoufnefs, bitternefs of 

language, reproach. 
ToCONIUSE, kon-tiVze. v. a. To 

beat together, tobruiie; to bruife 

the flelh without a breach of the 

CONTUSION, kon-tu'-zhiln. f. The 

aft of beating or bruifing ; the ftate 

of being b-aten or hruifed ; a bruife 



Renewal of health, recovery from a 
CONVALESCENT, kon-va-Ici'- 

lent. a. Recovering. 
ToCONVENE,k6n-\e'ne. v. n. To 

come together, to afl'emble. 
To CONVENE, k6;i-vc'ne. v. a. To 
call together, to sIT-mble, to con- 
voke ; to funimc.n judicially. 
CONVENIENCE, kon-vc'- i ^ 

CONVENIENCY, kon-ve'- [ j^^|.^" 

ruilea ; a bruile. 
',, kon-vi- "J 

I , kon-va- f 

commodioornefs, caufeofeare, ae- 
coniinjdation ; fitnefs of time or 
pla. '. 

CONVENIENT, k6n-vd'-ny^nt. a. 
Fit, fuitable, proper. 

CONVENIENTLY, kon-v^'-nyent- 
Iv. ad. Commodioiiny, fitlv. 

CONVENT, kon'-ve.t f. An af- 
fembly of religious perfons ; a reli- 
gious houfe, a monaftery, a nun- 

To CONVENT, kon-vent'. V. a. To' 
call before a judge or judicature. 
Not in life. 

CONVENTICLE, k6n'-\en-tikl. f. 
A-i aiTembl), a meeting; an affem- 
blv tor worlhip ; a fecret aflembly. 

CON VENTILLER, kon'-ven-tik- 
lur. f. One that fupports or fre- 
quents private and unlawful aflem- 

CONVENTION, kon-ven'-fhun. f. 
The aft of coming together, union, 
coalKion ; an aflembly ; a coiitradl, 
an agreement for a time. 

CONVENTIONAL, kon-ven'-fl.un- 
ul. a. Stipulated, agreed on by 
com part 

ftiiin er-y. a. Afting upon con- 
tract, lettled by flioulatinns. 

CONVEN 1 UAL, kon-icr.'-tu al. a. 
Bi-lonc'i g to a convent, monaflick. 

COiWENTUAL, kon-^eu'-tu-al. f. 
A monk, a nun, one that lives in a 

To CONVERGE, kon-ver'je. v. n. 
! tend to one point from different 

Cu S V ERG ENT,k6n-vcr' jcnt. ■) 

CONVfcKGlNG.kcSn-ver'-jing. \ ^' 
I ei ding to one point from diiferent 

CONVERSABLE, kon-ver'-sibl. a. 
Qualified for converfation, fit for 

CONVi'.RSABLENESS, kon-ver'- f. The quality of being 
a pleating companion. 

CONVEKSABLY, kon-ver'-sib-Iy-. 
ad. In a converfable manner. 

CONVERSANT, \ }-?"'-7''ri^'^- 

I Kon-ver -lent. 
a. Acquainted wiih, familiar; hav- 
ing intercourle with any, acquaint- 
ed ; relating to, concerning. 

CONVERSATION, kon-ver-sa'- 
fliun. f. Familiar difcourfe, chat, 
ealy talk ; a particular aft of dil- 
cour'ing upon any fubjeft , com- 
merce, incercourfe, familiarity ; be- 
haviour, manner of afting in com- 
mon life. 

To CONVERSE, kon-ve.Te. v. n. 
To cohabit witii, lo hold intercourfe 

with ; to he acquainted with ; xo 
dilcourfe familiarly upon any I'ub- 
]e& ; to ha\e commerce with a dif- 
ferent fex. 

CONVERSE, kon'-ve-fe. f. Man- 
ner of difcourling in familiar life ; 
acquaintance, cohabitation, famili- 
arity ; with geometricians it means 
the contrary. 

CONVERSELY, kon-ve.Te-Iy. ad. 
With change of order, reciprocally. 

CONVERSION, kon-vdr' !>.un. 'f. 
Change from one ilate into another, 
tranfniutation ; change f:om repro- 
bation to grace ; change f;pm one 
religion to another. 

CONVeRSIVE, kon-ver'-slv. a. 
Converfable, fociabie. 

ToCO.WERT, kuii-vert'. v. a. To 
change into another fubflance, to 
tranlmute ; to change from one re- 
ligion to another ; to turn from a 
bad to a good life ; to apply to any 
ufe, to appropriate. 

To CONVERT, kon-veri'. v. n. To 
undergo a change, to be tranfmuted. 

CONVERT, kon'-veit. f. A perfon 
converted from one opinion to ano- 

CONVERTER, kon-vert'-ur. f. One 
that ma.kes converts. 

CONVERriBlLllY. kon-ver-tf- 
bH'-i-ty. r The quality of being 
poffible to be converted. 

CONVERTIBLE, kon-ver'-tib!. a. 
Sufceptible of change, traafmut- 
able ; fo much alike as that one may 
be uled for the other. 

CONVKRTIRLY, k6n-ver'-tlb-l>-. 
ad. Reciprocally. 

CONVERTITE, kon'-ver-tite. f. A 

CONVEX, kon'-v^ks. a. Rifing in 
a circular form, oppofite to con- 

CONVEX, kon'-veks. f. A convex 

CON VEXED, kon-veklV. part. a. 
Protuberant in a circular form. 

CONVEXEDLY, kon-vek'-fcd-!y-. 
ad. In a convex form. 

CONVEXITY, kon-veks'-J-tyS f. 

Protuberance in a circular form. 
CONVEXLY, kon-veb'-ly. ad. la 

a convex form. 
CONVEXNESS, kon-veks'-nls, f. 
Spheroidical protuberance, convex- 
CONVEXO-CONCAVE, kon'-vekf- 
6-k6n"-kave. a. Having the hoi- 
lew on the infide, correfponding to 
the external protuberance. 
To CONVEY, k(!>n-v?'. v. a. To 
carry, to tranfport from one ph.ce 
to aaoiber j to hand from one to 
another i 




another ; to move fecretly ; to tranf- 
mit ; to transfer; to deliver to an- 
other ; to impart. 

CONVEYANCE, kon-xJ'-anfe. f. 
The aft of removing any thing ; 
way for carriage or tjanfportation j 
the methoJ cf removing fecretly ; 
" tl:e means by nhich any tiling is 
conveyed ; delivery from one to an- 
other ; aft of transferring property ; 
writing by which property is tranf- 

CONVEYANCER, k6n-v5'-an-fur. f. 
A lawyer who draws writings by 
which property is transferred. 

CON'VEYER. kun-vS'-ur. f. One 
who carries or trinfi its any thing. 

To CONVICT, kon-vI:;'t. v. a. To 
prove guilty, to deteft in guilt ; to 
confute ; to difcover to be falfe. 

CONVICT, kon-vlk't. a. Convifted, 
detefted in guilt. 

CONVICT, kon'-vikt. f. A perfon 
call at the bar. 

CONVICTION, kon-vlk'-lhun. f. 
Deteftion of guilt ; the aft of con- 
vincing, confutation. 

CONVICTIVE, k6n-vlk'-t{i'. a. 
Having the power of convincing. 

To CONVINCE, kon-vln'fe. v. a. 
To force another to acknowledge a 
contcfted pofition ; to convift. 

CONVINCEMENT, kon-vln'fe- 
ment. f. Conviftion. 

CONVINCIBLE, kon-vln'-sibl. a. 
Capable of conviftion J capable of 
beina; evidently difproved. 

CONVINCINGLY, k6n-v!n'-slng- 
H'. ad. In fuch a manner as to 
leave no room for doubt. 

sing-ris. f. The power of con- 

To CONVIVE, kon-vl've. v. a. To 
entertain, to feaft. Obfolete. 

CONVIVAL, kon-vi'-val. J 

CONVIVIAL, kon-vJv'-yil. J ^^ 
Relating to an entertainment, feftal, 

CONUNDRUM ko-nun'-diiim. f. A 
low jell, a quibble. 

To CONVOCATE, kon'-vo-kate. 
V. a. To call together. 

CONVOCATION, 1.6n-v6ka'-(hun. 
f. The aft of calling to an aflembly ; 
an alTeinbl) ; an aflrmbly of the 
clergy for confutation upon mat- 
ters ecclefiallical. 

To CONVOKE, kon-vo'ke. v. a. 
To call together, to fummon to an 

To CONVOLVE, kon-volv'. v. a. 
To roll together, to roll one part 
upon another. 

CONVOLUiED, k6n-v6-]u'.tlJ. 

pp.'-t. a. Twilled, rolled upon it 

CONVOLUTION, kc'-n-vS-UV-lhan. 
f. The aft of rolling any thing 
upon itfelf ; the (late of rolling to- 
gether in company. 

To CONVOY, k6n-voy'. v. a. To 
accompany by land or fea, for the 
fake of defence. 

CONVOY, kon'-voy. f. Attendance 
at fea or on the road by way of de- 
fence ; the aft of attending as a de- 

CONUSANCE, kon'-ufanfe. f. 
Cognifarce, notice. A law term. 

To CONVULSE, kun-vnlTe. v. a. 
To give an irregular and in'olun- 
t.^rv motion to the parts of any bcdy. 

CONVULSION, kon-vul'-fhuii. f. A 
convulfjon is an involuntary con- 
traftion of the fibres and mufdes ; 
an irregular and violent motion, 

CON VULSlVE.kon-vul'-siv.a. Giv- 
ing twiches or fpafms. 

CONY, kun'-ny. f. A rabbi^, an ani- 
mal that burroughs in the ground. 

CONY-BOROUGH, kim'-ny-bt'ir-u. 
f. A place where rabbits make their 
holes in the ground. 

To CONYCATCH, kiin'-ny-katch. 
V. n. To cheat, to bite, to trick. 
Now obfolete. 

TO COO, ko'. V. n. To cry as a 
dove or pigeon. 

COOK, kok. f. One whofe profefllon 
is to drefs and prepare viftuals for 
the table. 

COOK-MAID, ko'k-mad. f. A maid 
that drefl'es provifions. 

COOK-ROOM, ko'k-rom. f. A room 
in which provifions are prepared for 
the fhip's crew. 

To COOK, kok. V. a. To prepare 
viftuals for the table. 

COOKERY, ko'k-er-ry. f. The art 
of drelling viftuals. 

COOL, kiVl. a. Somewhat cold, ap- 
proaching to cold ; not zealous, not 

COOL, kol. r. Freedom from heat. 

To COOL, kfVI. V. a. To make 
cool, to allay heat ; to quiet paf- 
fion, to calm anger. 

To COOL, ko'l. v. n. To grow lefs 
hot ; to grow lefs warm with re- 
gnrd to paflion. 

COOLER, ko'-lur. f. That which has 
the power of cooling the body ; a 
vertel in which any thing is made 

COOLLY, k6-ly. ad. Without heat, 
or (harp cold ; witliout palfion. 

COOLNESS, ko l-nis. f. Gontlecold, 
a foft or mild degree of cold ; want 

of a(reftion,difincIination ; freedom 

from palljon. 
COOM, kom. f. Soot that gathers 

over an oven's mouth ; that matter 

that works out of the wheels of car- 
COO.\1C, kfVm. f. A meafure of 

corn containing four bu(hels. 
COOP, ku'p. f. A c.ige, a pen for 

animals, as poultry or (heep. 
To COOP, kop. V. a. To (hut up 

in a narrow compafs, to cage. 
COOPEE, ko-pe'. f. A motion in 

COOPER, ko-ptir. f. One that makes 

coops or barrels. 
COOPERAGE, ko'-piir-idzh. f. The 

price' paid for coopers work. 
To COOPERATE, ku6p'-ir-he. 

V. n. To labour jointly with another 

to the fame end ; to concur in the 

fame efFeft. 
COOPERATION, ko op-er-a'-lhun. 

i. The aft of contributing or con- 
curring to the fame end. 
COOPERATIVE, koop'-er-a-tiv. a. 

Promoting the fame end jointly. 
COOPERaToR, ko op'-er-a-tur. f. 

He that, by joint endeavours, pro- 
motes the fame end with others. 
COOPTATION, ko-6p-ta-(hun. f. 

Adoption, afTumption. 
COORDINATE, ko a r-dl-net. a. 

Holding the fame rank. 
COORDINATELY, ko ar-di-net- 

\f. ad. In the fame rank. 

net-nls. f. The (late of being coor- 
COORDINATION, k6-6r-dl-ni'- 

(liun. f. The (late of holding the 

fame rank, collateralnefs. 
COOT, kot. f. -A fmall black water 

COP, kop'. f. The head, the top of 

any thing. 
COPARCENARY, ko-pa'r-fj-ner-y. 

f. Joint fucceflion to any inheritance. 
COPARCENER, ko-pi'r-fc-nur. f. 

Coparceners are fuch as have equal 

portion in the inheritance of the an- 

COPARCENY, k6 p.Vr-fi-n\\ f. An 

equal fhare of coparceners. 
COPARTNER, ko-pa'rt-niir. f. One 

that has a (liare in fome common 

(lock or a(rair. 
COPARTNERSHIP, ko pa'rt-nur- 

flilp. f. The ftate of bearing an 

equal part, or po(l(:(ring an equal 

COPATAIN, ko'-pa-tin. a. High 

raifcd, pointed. Obiblete. 
COPAYVA, k(Vpa'--.a. f. A gum 

which diUils from a tree in Erafil. 




COPE, ki'pe. f. Any thing with 
which the head is covered ; a faccr- 
dotal cloak, worn in facred mini- 
ftradon ; any thing which is i'pread 
over rhe head. 

To COPE, ko'pe. v. a. To cover, as 
with a cope; to contend with, to 

To COPE, kope. v. n. To contend, 
to ftruggle, to ftrive. 

COPIER, kop'-;>y ur. f. One that 
copie=, a tranfcriber ; a plagiary, 
an imitator. 

COPING, k6'-f:ng. f. The upper tire 
of mafonrv which covers the wall. 

COPIOUS,' ko-pyu5. a. Plentiful, 
abundant, abounding in words or 

COPIOUSLY, ki' -pyuf-1}'. ad. Plen- 
tifully, abundantly, in great quan- 
tities ; at large, diifufelv. 

COPIOUSNESS, ko-p)'uf-r,is. f. 
Plenty, abundance; exuberance of 

COPLAND, kop'-lind. f. A piece 
of ground which terminates with an 
acute angle. 

COPPED, k^.pt'. a. Rifing to a top 
or head. 

COPPEL, kop'-pil. f. An inllru- 
ment ufed in chymiftry. Its ufe is to 
try and purify gold and filver. 

COPPER, kop'-pur. f. One of the 
fix primitive metals. 

COPPER, kop'-pur. f A boiler larger 
than a moveable pot. 

COPPER-NOSE, kop'-pur-nofe. f. 
A red nofe. 

COPPER-PLATE,k6p'-pur-pla'te. f. 
A plate on which piflures are en- 

CO.'PER-WORK, kop'-pur-wurk. f. 
A place where copper is manufac- 

COPPERAS, kop'-per-as. f. A kind 
of vitriol. 

COPPERSMITH, kop'-pur-fn.uh. f. 
One that manufaftures copper. 

COPPERWORM, kop'-pur-wurm. f. 
A little worm in fhips ; a worm 
breeding in one's hand. 

COPPERY, kop'-piJr-y- a. Contain- 
ing copper. 

COPPICB, kop'-pls. f. Low woods 
cut at ftated times for fuel. 

COPPLE-DUST, kop'l-ciuft. f. Pow- 
der ufed in purifying metals. 

COPPLED, kop'ld. a. Rifing in a 
conick form, 

COPSE, kops'. f. Short wood. 

7'o COPSE, isops'. V. a. To preferve 

COPULA, kop'-u-la. f. The word 
which unites the fubjeft and pre- 
dicate of a propofition. 

To COPULATE, k6p'-u-li'e- v. a. 
To unite, to conjoin. 

To COPULATE, kop'-u-late. v. n. 
To come together ?.s different fexes 

COPULATION, kop-u-ld'-lliun. f. 
The congrefs or embrace of the two 

COPULATIVE, k6p'-u-li-ti'v. a. A 
term of grammar. 

COPY, kop'-y. f. A tranfcript from 
the archetype or original ; an indi- 
vidual book, as a good and fair 
copy ; the original, the archetype ; 
a piclure drawn from another pic- 

COPY-BOOK, kop'-py-bok. f. A 
book in which copies are written 
for learners to imitate. 

COPY-HOLD, kop'-py-hild. f. A 
tenure, for which the tenant hath 
nothing to (hew but the copy of the 
rolls made by the fteward of his 
lord's court. 

COPY-HOLDER, kop'-py-hol-dur. 
f. One that is poffefled of land in 

To COPY, kup'-p)'-. V. a. To tran- 
fcribe, to write after an original ; 
to imitate, to propofe to imitation. 

To COPY, kop'-py. V. n. To do any 
thing in imitation of fomething elfe. 

COPYER, kop'-v ur. ) f . One who 

COPYIST, kip'-y-l!l. J copies writ- 
ing cr piftures. 

To COQUET, ko-ket'. v. a. To treat 
with an appearance of amorous ten- 

COQUETRY, koket'-ry. f. AiFec- 
tation of amorous advances. 

COQUETTE, ko-kei'. f. A gay, 
airy girl, who endeavours to attract 

CORACL"E, kor'-akl. f. A boat ufed 
in Wales by fifhers. 

COR.AL, kor'-al. f. Red coral is a 
plant of great hardnefs and ftony 
nature while growing in the water, 
as it is after long expofure to the 
air ; the piece of coral which chil- 
dren ufe as a plaything. 

CORALLINE, kor'-il-line. a. Con- 
fifting of coral. 

CORALLINE, kor'-AI-Hne. f. Co- 
ralline is a fea-plant ufed in me- 

AL, koj'-il-Ioid. a. Refembling 

CORANT, ko-rant'. f. A nimble 
fprightly dance. 

CORBAN, kor'-bin. f. An alms- 
bsfket, a gift, an alms. 

CORBEILS, kof'-belz. f. Little baf- 
kets ufed in furiificauon, filled with 

CORBEL, kor'-bel. f. In architec- 
ture, the reprefentation of a baflcet. 
CORD, ka'rd. f. A rope, a firing ; 
a quantity of wood for fuel ; a pile 
eight feet long, four high, and four 
CORD-MAKER, kiVd-ml-kiir. f. 

One whofe trade is to make ropes, a 

rope-m: ker. 
CORD-WOOD, ka'rd-wud. f. Wood 

piled up for fuel. 
To CORD, kd'rd. v. a. To bind 

with ropes. 
CORDAGE, ka'r-dldah. f. a quan- 
tity of ccrds. ■ 
CORDED, ka'r-did. a. Made of 

CORDELIER, k6r-dl-16'r.f. A Fran- 

cifcan frier, fo named from the cord 

which ftrves him for a cinflure. 
CORDIAL, ka'r-dyal. f. A medicine 

that increafes the force of the heart, 

or quickens the circulation ; any 

medicine that increafes flrength ; 

any thing that comforts, gladdens, 

and e.-hilarates. 
CORDIAL, ka'r-dyil. a. Reviving, 

invigorating ; fincere, heartv. 
CORDIALLIY, kor-dyai'-i-ty. . f. 

Relation to the heart ; fincerity. 
CORDIALLY, kar'-dyal-y. ad. Sin- 

cerelv, heartily. 
CORD'wAIN, ka'rd-wane. f. Spanifh 

CORDWAINER, ki'rd-wan.ur. f. 

A fhoc-maker. 
CORE, kore. f. The heart; the 

inner part of any thing ; the inner 

part of a fruit which contains the 

kernel ; the matter contained in a 

boil or fore. 
CORIACEOUS, ko-r^-a'-flius. a. 

Confining of leather; of a fubftance 

refembling leather. 
CORIANDER, ko-ry-an'-dur. f. A 

CORINTH, kur'-rln. f. A fm.ill 

fruit commonly called currant. 
CORINTHIAN, ko-n'n'-thyan. f. Is 

generally reckoned the fourth of the 

five orders cf architefture. 
CORK, ka'rk. f. . A glandiferous tree, 

in all refpefts like the ilex, excepting 

the bark ; the bark of the cork tree 

ufed for floppies ; the llopple of a 

To CORK, ka'rk. v. a. To put 

corks into bottles. 
CORKING-PIN, kA'.'-king-pin'. f. 

A pin of the largefl fize. 
CORKY, ka'r-ky. a. Confilling of 

CORMORANT, ka'r-m6-rant. f. A 

bird that preys upon filh ; a glutton. 

CORN, kft'in. f. The feeds which 





groiv in ears, not in pods ; grain 
\inreaped ; grain in the ear, yet un- 
thretliej ; an excrefcence on the 
feet, hard and painful. 

To LORN, ki'rn. v. a. To fait, to 
fpriiikle with fait; to form into 
Iniil! grains. 

COKN-F lELD, k4'rn-f^'ld. f. A field 
where corn is growing. 

CORN- 1- LAG. ka'rn-fiag.f. .■\p!.iylt: 
the leaves are like thofe of the fleur- 

COR.\- FLOOR, ki'rn-flor. f. The 
floor ivliere corn is llored. 

CORN-FLOWER, karn'-flow-ur. f. 
The blue bottle. 

CORN-LAND, ka'rn-Iind. f. Land 
appropriated to the produflion of 

CoRN-MILL, kiVn-mll. f. A mill 
to (jrind corn into meal. 

CORN-PIPE, ki'rn-pipe. f. A pipe 
made by flitting the joint of a green 
llalk of corn. 

CORNCHANDLER, ki'm-tfliand- 
lur. f. One that retails corn. 

CORNCUTTE*, ki'rn-kit-tur. f. 
A man whofe profeiiion is to extir- 
pate corns from the foot 

CORNEL, ka'r-nei 

CORNEUAN-TREE.kornc'- J. f. 

The Cornel-tree beareth the fruit 
commonly called the cornelian- 

CORNEOUS, ka'r-ny. us. a. Horny, 
of a fubllance refembling horn. 

CORNER, ka'r-nur. f. An angle ; a 
ietret or remote place ; the extre- 
mities, the utmoli limit. 

CORNER-STONE, ka'r-nur- (li'ne. 
f. The (lone that unites the two 
walls at the corner. 

CORNERWISE, ki'r-nur-wize. ad. 

CORNE r, ka'r-nit. f. A mufical in- 
flrumcnt blown with the mouth ; a 
company t troop of horfe, in this 
fenle obiolete ; the officer that bears 
the llandard of a troop; Cornet 
of a horfe, is the lowell part of 
his paJlern thaf runs round the 

CORNICE, kar-nis. f. The highell 
pri.jecftion of a wall or column. 

CORNICLE, ka'r-nlkl. (. A little 

CORNIGEROUS, kar-nMzh'-d-rus. 
a. Horneu, ii.ivinij h rns 

CORNUCOFL£, ki'r-, ii-k6"-pyj. f. 

J'he horn of plenty. 
To I. OK,\U 1 E, kor-i,u'ce. v. a. To 
bellow horiiS, to cuckold. 

CORNUILD. k6r.„u'-tid.a. Graft- 
cd Willi hoins, cuckolded. 

CORNUTO, kor-ni'-t6. f. A man 
horned, a cuckold. 

CORNY, ka'r-ny^. a. Strong or hard 
hkc horn, horny ; producing grain 
or corn. 

COROLLARY, kui'-o-lar-)'-. f. The 
conclufion ; an inference. 

CORONAL, k6r'-o-nal. f. A crown, 
a garland. 

CORONAL, ki-r6'-nal. a. Belong- 
ing to the top of ihe head. 

CORON.\RY, k6r'-6-r:er-y. a. Re- 
lating to a crown ; it is applied in 
anatomy to arteries fancied to en- 
conipafs the heart in the manner of 
a garland. 

CORONATION, kor-o-n-V-fliun. f 
The afl or folemnily of crowning a 
king ; the pomp or aflembly pre- 
fL-nt at a coronation. 

CORONER, koi' inur. f. An offi- 
cer whofe duty is to enquire, how 
any violent death was occafioned. 

CORONE r, k6r'-o-net. f. An infe- 
rior crown worn by the nobility. 

CORPORAL, ka'r-pi-ral. f. The 
lowcll officer of the infantry ; a low 

CORPORAL, k;Vr-po-ral. a. Re- 
lating to the body, belonging to the 
body ; material, not fpiritual. 

CORPORALITY, kir-p6-ral'-I-ty. f. 
The quality of being embodied. 

CORPORALLY, kar-p6-ral y. ad. 

CORPORATE.kar-po ret. a. United 
in a body or coinniunitv. 

CORPORATION, kor-po-riV-flii'in.f. 
A body politick. 

CORPOREAL, k6r-p6'-ryal. a. Hav- 
ing a body, not immaterial. 

CORPOREri'Y, kor-p6-teI-t^-. f. 
Mateiiality, bodylinefj. 

CORPS, kore. J f. Abody; acar- 

CORPSE, ka'rple. J cafe, a dead 
body, a corfe ; a body of forces. 

CORPULENCE, kd'r-'pu-lenfe. ( , 

CORPULENCY, ka'r pi. len-ly. J '• 
Bulkinefs of body, fleihinefs. 

CORPULENT, kar-pu-lcnt. a. 
Flefliv, bulky. 

CORPUSCLE, Id'r-pilkl. f. A fmal) 
body, an atom 

CORPUSCULAR, kor-pus'-ku 

kii-la' ryin. 
Relating to bodies, comprifing bo- 

To CORRADE, kor-ia'de. v. a. To 
rub oft", lo fcrapc together. 

CORRADIATION. kor-ia-dy a'- 
lliun. f. A conjundion of rays in one 

To CORRECT, kor-riki'. v. a. To 

punifl), tochaflife; to amend; to 
obviate the qualities of one ingre- 
dient by another. 

CORRECT, kir-iiki'. a. E.evifed or 
f.nldwd with eaflncfs. 

CORRECTION, kor-.cV-ffiun. f. 
Punidiment, difcipline ; amend- 
ment; that which is fubilituted in 
the place of any thing wrong ; re- 
prehenfion ; abatement of noxious 
qualities, by the addition of fome- 
thing con:rary. 

CORRECTIONER, kor-rck'-fliun- 
ur. f. .A jayl-bird. Obfolete. 

CORRECTIVE, kor-rek'-tlv. a. 
Havlvg ths lower to alter or ob- 
viate any bad qualities. 

CORRECTIVE, kor-rek'iiV. f. Thjt 
which has the power of altering or 
ob-, iiiing any thing amifs ; limita^ 
tion, reflridicn. 

CORRECTLY, kor-iiki'-l)'-. ad. Ac- 
curaiely, exadly. 

CORRECTNESS, kor-rekt'-nls. f. 
Accuracv, exadnefs. 

CORRECTOR, kii-tck'-iur. f. He 
that amends, or alters, by punifh- 
ment ; he that revifcs any thing to 
free it from faults ; fuch an ingre- 
dient in a compofition, as guards 
againrt or abates the furce of an- 

To CORRELATE, kor-rela te. v. n. 
To have a reciprocal relation, as 
father and fon. 

CORRELATE, ko.'-tj-lite. f. One 
that Hands in the oppoflte rela- 

CORRELATIVE, kor-rel'-a-tiv. a. 
Having a reciprocal relati ^n. 

CORRELATjVf:NESS, kor-ril'-a- f. The Hate of being corre- 

CORREPTION, k6r-rep'-fliun. f. 
Chiding, reprehenfion, reproof. 

To COR:;ESPO-^D, kor-rei'-pond'. 
V. n. lo fuit, to anfwer, to fit; to 
keep up commerce with another by 
alternate letters. 


CORREs PONDENCY, kor-rcf- 
Relation, reciprocal adaptation of 
one thing to another ; interoourf", 
reeipiooal inti-lligence ; frlmdlhip, 
inii-rchanee of i ffi es or civilities. 

CORRESPONDEiN 1", kor-rel'-pon'- 
ucnt.a. Suitable, adapted, anfwer- 

CORRESPONDENT, kor-rif-pon'- 
dent. f. One with whom intelli- 
gence or commerce is kept up by mefl".iges or letters. 

CORRESPONSIVE, k6r-rcf-p6n'- 





ilv. a. Anfwerable, adapted to any 
CORRIDOR, kor-ry-do're. f. The 
covert way lying round the fortiti- 
cations ; a gallery or long ifle 
round aboat a building. 
CORRIGIBLE, k6/-ii-jib!. a. That 
which may be altered or amended ; 
CORRIVAL, kt..--ii'-va!. f. Rival, 

CORRIVAL RY, k6r-ri'-va!-ry. f. 

CORROBORANT, kur-iub'-o-rant. 
s. Having the power to give llrength. 
To CORROBORATE, k6r-r6b'-6- 
laie. V. a. To confirm, to ella- 
blifh; to ftrengthen, to make 
CORROBORATION, l6r-r6b-6-ra- 
fliun, f. The ail of ftrengthening 
or confirming. 
CORROBORATIVE, kor-rob'-i-ri- 
tiv. a. Having the power of in- 
creafing ftrength. 
^To CORRODE, kor-ro'de. v. a. To 
eat away by degrees, to wear away 
CORRODENT.kor-ro-d^nt. a. Hav- 
ing the power of corroding or waft- 
in j;. 
C0RRODIBLE,k6r-ro-dlbI.a. Pof- 

fible to be confumed. 
CORROSIBILITY, kor-ro-fy-tii'-I- 
ty. f. Poflibility to be consumed by 
a menftruum. 
CORROSIBLE, kor-ro'-sibl. a. Pof- 
Ijble to be confumed by a men- 
CORROSIBLENESS, kor-ro-sfbl- 

ris. f. Sufceptibity of corrofion. 
CORROSION, kor-rO'-zhiin. f. The 
pcwer of eating or wearing away by 
CORROSIVE, kor-ro'-slv. a. Having 
the power of wearing away ; having 
the Quality to fret or ve.\. 
CORROSIVE, kor-ro'-ifv. f. That 
which has the quality of wafting 
any thing away ; that which has 
the power of giving pain. 
CORRObUELY, kor-ru -s!v.I)'. ad. 
Like a corrofive ; with the power of 
CORROSIVENESS, kor-ro-sJv-nls. 
f. The quality of corroding or eat- 
ing away, acrimony. 
CORRUG ANT, kor'-iii gin t.a. Hav- 
ing the power of contrafting into 
To CORRUGATE, kor-'-ri-gate. 

V. a. To wrinkle or purfe up. 
CORRUGATION, k6r-ru-ga'-(hun. 

f. Contraftion into wrinkles. 
To CORRUPT, kor-rupi'. v. a. To 
lurn from a found to a patrefceat 

ftate, toinfeftj to deprave, to de- 

ftrov inregrity, to vi'iate.- 
To CORRUPT, kor-rupt'. v. n. To 

become putrid, to grow rotten. 
CORRUPT, kir-,upt'. a. Vicious, 

tainted with wickednefs. 
CORRUPTER, kor-rup'- tir. f. He 

that taints or viti.ites. 
CORRUPTIBILITY, kor-rup-ii- 
bii'-i-ty. f. Poflibility to be cor- 
CORRUPTIBLE, kor-rup'-tibl. a. 
Sufceptibility of corruption ; pol- 
fible to be vitiated. 
tlbl-nls. f. Sufceptibility of cor- 
CORRUPTIBLY, koi-tup'-tih-Iy. 
aJ. In fuch a manner as to be cor- 
CORRUPTION, kor-rup'-lhun. f. 
7"he principle by which bodies tend 
to the feparation of their parts ; 
wii^keJneis, perverfion of principles; 
putrefcence; matterorpusina forej 
the means by which any thing is vi- 
tiated, depravation. 
CORRUP TI VE,k6r-rup'-tiv. a. Hav- 
ing the quality of tainting or vi- 
CORRUPTLESS, k6r-rupt'-lf<. a. 
Iniufceptible of corruption ; unde- 
CORRUPTLY, kor-rupt'-ly. ad. 
\N ith corruption, with taint ; vi- 
ciouflv, contrary to puritv. 
CORRUPTNESS, kor-iupt'-n!s. f. 
The quality of corruption, putref- 
cence, vice. 
CORSAIR, ko'r-fiir. f. A pirate. 
CORSE, korfe. f. A dead body, a 

CORSLET, kors'-let. f. Alight ar- 
mour for the forepart of the body. 
CORTICAL, ki'r-tl-kal. a. Barky, 

belonging to the rind. 
CORTICATED, k4'r-t{-ka-tJd. a. 

Refembling the bark of a tree. 
CORTICOSE, kar-ti-koTe. a. Full 

of bark. 
CORVETTO, kor-v^t'-to. f. The 

CORUSCANT, ko-riib'-kant. a. 

Glittering bv flathes, fladiine. 
CORUSCATION, ko-ruf-ki-ll.un.f. 

Flafh, quick vibration of li^ht. 
a. Garnifhed with branches of ber- 
riis. a. Bearing fruit or berries in 
CORYMBUS, ko-rlm'-bus. f. A- 
monglt ancient botanifts, cluilers of 
berries : amongft modern botanifts, 
a compounded difcous iiower j fucb 

are the flowers of daifies, an J cow- 
men maryijold. 

COSIER, W-zfer.-f. A botcher. Ob-' 

COSMETICK,'-ik. a. 
Beautifyii g. 

COSMIC AL, koz'-mi-kal. a. Re- 
lating to the world ; rifing or fet- 
ting with the fun. 

COSMICALLY, i;oz'-ml-cal-y. ad. 
With the fun. 

COSMOGONY, koz-mog'-gi-ny. f. 
The rife of birth of the world, the 

COSMOGRAPHER, hoz-mog'-gr-'- 
fur. f. One who writes a defcriptio:i 
of the world. 

COj_MOGRAPH1C.\L. koz-fr,6- 
graf-y-kal. a. Relating to a gene- 
ra! dcfcription of the world. 

gral'-y-kil-y. ad. In a manner 
relating to the ft.-'ufture of the 

COSMOGRAPHY, koz-mog'-gr?.- 
fy. f. The fcience of the general 
fyrtem of the world ; a general dc- 
fcription of the uriverl'. 


pol'- v-tin. 

no- 1 

p6- r 

A citizen of the world, one who is 
at home in every place. 

COST, koiV. f. The price of any 
thing; charge, expence ; lofs, de- 

To COST, koft'. V. n. To be bought 
for, to be had at a price. 

COST.-\L, kos'-tal. a. Belonging to 
the ribs. 

COS PARD, k6s'-tard. f. A head, an 
apple round and bulky like the head. 

COSTIVE, kos'-tiv. a. Bound in the 
body ; clofe. 

COSflVENESS, kos'-tfv-nJs. f. The 
ftate of the body in which excretioa 
is obftrufted. 

COSTLINESS, kift'-ly-nis.f.Sump- 
tuoufnefs, {''penfivenefs. 

COSILY, koft'-ly. a. Sumptuous, 

COT, koi'. f. A fmall houfe, a hut, 
a mean habitation. 

COTANGEN7\ ko-tan' jint. f. The 
tangent of an arch which is the com- 
plement of another to ninety de- 

COTKMPORARY, k6-tem'-p6-rar- 
y. a. Living at the fame time, coe- 

COPLAND, kot'-land. f. Land ap. 
pendant to a cottage. 

COTQUEAN, kot'kwen. f. A man 
who bufies hirafelf with women's 





COTTAGE, kot'-tidzh. f. A hut, a 
mean habitation. 

lives in a hut or cottage ; one who 
lives in the coramon, without pay- 
ing rent. 

COTTIER, kii'-yir. f. One who in- 
habits a cot. 

COTTON, kut'n. f. The down of 
the cotron-trec ; a plant. 

COTTON, koi'n. f. Cloih or ftufF 
made of cotton. 

To COTTON, kit'n. v. n. To rife 
with a nap ; to cement, to unite 

To COUCH, kou't(h. v. n. To lie 
down in a place of repofe ; to lie 
down on the knees, as a bealt to 
rell ; to lie down, in ambufh ; to 
floop or bend down, in fear, in 

To COUCH, kou'tfh. v. a. To lay 
on a place of repofe ; to lay down 
any thing in a ftratum ; to bed, to 
hide in another body ; to include 
fecretly, lo hide ; to fix the fpear in 
the reft ; to deprefs the film that 
overfpreads the pupil of the eye. 

COUCH, kou'tfh. f. A feat of re- 
pofe; a layer, or ftr.ntum. 

COUCHANT, kou'-tihant. a. Ly- 
ing down, fquattin^. 

COUCHEE, ku'-fhe.V. Bedtime, the 
time of vifiting late at night. 

COUCHER, kou'tfli-iir. f. He that 
couches or deprelTes catarafts. 

COUCHFELLOW, kou'tfh-fel-16. f. 
Bedfellow, companion. 

COUCHGRASS, k-ou'tlh-gris. f. A 

COVE, kove. f. A fmall creek or 
bay ; a (helter, a cover. 

COVENANT, kuv'-c-nint.f. A con- 
trail, a ilipulaiion ; a compaft ; a 
writing containing the terms of 

To COVENANT, kuv'-e-nant. v. n. 
To bargain, to ftipulate. 

COVENANTEE, ki'iv' e-nan-te'. f. 
A party to a covena't, a ftipulator, 
a bargainer. 

COVENANTER, kuv'-c-nan-tur. f. 
One who takes a covenant. A word 
introduced in ;he civil wars. 

To COVER, kuv'-iir. V. a. To over- 
fpread any thing with fomething 
elfe ; to conceal under fomething 
laid over ; to hide by fuperficial ap- 
pearances; to overwhelm, to bury; 
to (helter, to conceal from ha.-m ; to 
brood on ; to copulate with a fe- 
male ; to wear the hat. 

COVER, ki'ii/'-i'ir. f Any thing that 
is laid over another ; a conceal- 
ment, a fcreen, a veil ; flieher, de- 


COVERING, kuv'-ir-lng. f. Drefs, 

COVERLET, kiv'-ur-Iit. f. The 
outej-moft of the bedcloaths. 

COVERT, kiiv'-urt. f. A (helter, 
a defence; a thicket, orhiding-place. 

COVERT, kuv'-urt. a. Sheltered, le- 
cret, hidden, infidious. 

COVERT-WAY, kiiv'-urt-wa'. f, A 
fpaoe of ground level with the field, 
three or four fathom broad, ranging 
quite round the half-moons, or 
other works toward the country. 

COVER'ILY, kuv'-iirt-ly. ad. Se- 
cretly, clofely. 

COVEKTNESS, kuv'-urt-nis. f. Se- 
crecy, privacy. 

COVERTURE, kuv'-ur-ture. f. Shel- 
ter, defence; in law, the ftate and 
condition of a married woman. 

To COVET, kuv'-it. V. a. To dcfire 
inordinately, to dcfire beyond due 
bounds ; to defire earneftly. 

To COVET, kuv'-it."v. n. To have 
a ftrong defire. 

COVETABLE, kuv'-ltebl. a. To 
I'C wifiied for. 

COVETOUS, kuv'-ve-tflius a. In- 
ordinately defirous ; inordinately 
eager of money, avaricious. 

COVETOUSLY, kuv'-ve-t(hiif-ly. 
ad. Avaricioudy, eagerly. 

COVETOUSNESS, 'kiiv'-ve-t(huf- 
nis. f. Avarice, cagernefs of gain. 

COVEY, kAv'-vy. f. A hatch, an 
old bird with her young ones; a 
number of birds together. 

COUGH, kof. f. A convulfion of 
the lungs. 

TO COUGH, kof. v. n. To have 
the lungs convulfed, to make a 
noil'e in endeavouring to evacuate 
the peccant matter from the lungs. 

To COUGH, koC. V. a. To ejed by 
a cough, 

COUGHER, kof'-fur. f. One that 

COVING, ko'-ving. f. A term in 
building, ufed of houfes that pro- 
jcrt over the ground-plot ; a parti- 
cular form of cieling. 

COULD, kud'. The imperfeft pre- 
terite of Can. 

COULTER, kou'1-tur. f. The (harp 
iron of the plough which cuts the 

COUiNCIL, kou'n-sil. f. An alTem- 
bly of pcrlons met together in con- 
fultatlon ; pcrfons c.illed together 
to be confukeJ ; the body of privy 

COUNCIL-BOARD, kou'n-sll-lord. 
f. Council -table, table where mat- 
ters of (late are deliberated. 

COUNSEL, kou'n-lel. f. Advice, di- 
redion ; deliberation ; prudence ; fe- 

crecy; thefecretsintruftedinconfult- 
ing ; icheme, purpofe, defign ; thofe 
that plead a caufe, the counfellors. 

To COUNSEL, kou'n-fel. v. a. To 
give advice or counfel to any per- 
fon ; to advife anv thing. 

COUNSELL ABLE, kou'n-fel-ebl.a. 
Willing to receive and follow ad- 

COUNSELLOR, kou'n-f^l-lur. f. 
One that gives advice ; confidant, 
bofom frie d ; one whofe province 
is to delibei.ite and advife upoti 
publick affairs ; one that is confnlt- 
ed in a cafe of law. 

COUNSELLORSHU', kou'n-fel-liir- 
(hlp. (. The oiKce or polt of privy 

To COUNT, kou'nt. v. a. To num- 
ber, to tell ; to reckon, to account, 
to confider as having a certain cha- 
rafter ; to impute to, to charge to. 

To COUNT, kou'nt. v. n. To lay 
a fcheme ; to depend on. 

COUNT, kou'nt. f. Number; rec- 
koning ; a law term. 

COUNT, kou'nt. f. A title of fo- 
reign nobilitv, an earl, 

COUNTABLE, kou'n-tabl. a. That 
which may be numbered. 

COUNTENANCE, kou'n-ie-nanfe. 
f. The form of the face, the fylleni 
of the features, air, look ; confi- 
dence of mien, afpeft of alTurance ; 
afteftation or ill-will, as it appears 
upon the face ; patronage, (unport. 

To COUNTENANCE, kou'n-tc- 
nanfe. v. a. To fupport, to pa- 
tronife, to make a (hew of; to en- 

COUNTENANCER, kou'n ti-rin- 
I'l'ir. f. One that countenances or 
fupports another. 

COUNTER, kou'n-iur. f. A falfe 
piece of money ufed as a means of 
reckoning; the form on which 
goods are viewed and money told in 
a (hop. 

COUNTER, kou'n-ti'ir. ad. Con- 
trary to, in oppofition to ; the wrong 
way ; contrary ways. 

To COUNTERACT, koun-tir-ak't. 
V. a. To hinder any thing from its 
eft'ert by contrary agency. 

tur-b.Al'-lanfe. v. a. To ad againll 
with an oppofitc weiglit. 

COUNTERBALANCE, kou'n- ifir- 
bal-h'infe. f. Oppofite weight. 

V. a. To imptl ; to ihikc back. 

COUNTERI5UFF, kou'n-tiir-bi'if. f. 
A ftroke that produces a recoil.' 

tiir. f. A book-keeper, a caller of 
accounts, a reckoner. Not ufed. 




COUNTERCHANGE, ko'un-tir- 
tftia'nje. f. K>:ch3noe, reciprocation. 

tfiii'nje. V. a. I'o ^ive and receive. 

COUNTERCHARM, kou'n-tur- 
tfliirm. f. That by vvhicli a charm 
is diiTol\ed. 

To COUNTERCHARM, koun-tur- 
tflii'rni. V. a. To deftroy the efFefl 
of an enchantment. 

To COUNTERCHECK, koun-tur- 
tfliek'. V. a. To oppofe. 

COUNTERCHECK, kou'n-tLir- 
tlhek. r. Stop, rebuke. 

To COUNTERDRAW, koun-iur- 
dra'. V. a. To copy a deiign by 
means of an old paper, whereon 
the (Irokes appearing through are 
traced with a pencil. 

cv'-j-denfe. f. Tellimony by which 
the depofuion of fome former wit- 
neli is opoofcd. 

ToCOUNFEKFEIT, kou'n-tur-fit. 
V. a. To copy with an intent to 
pafs the copy for an original ; to 
imitate, to refemble. 

COUNTERFEir, kou'n-ti'ir-fh. a. 
forged, fictitious J deceitful, hypo- 

COUNTERFEIT, kou'n-tiir-fit. f. 
One who penonates another ; an 
impoflor; foinething made in imi- 
tation of another ; a forgery. 

COUNTERFEITER, kou'n-tur-fii- 
ur. f. A forger. 

COUNTERFEITLY, kou'n-tiir-fit- 

• 1^. ad. Falfejy, with forgery. 

fer'-mcnt. f. Ferment oppofed to 

COUNTERFORT, kou'n-tur-fOrt. f. 
Counterforts are pillars ferving to 
lupport walls fubjeil to bulge. 

COUNTERGAGE, koun-t'iir-ga'je. 
f. A method uled to meafure the 
joints by transferring the breadth 
of a mortice to the place where the 
tenon is to be. 

COUNTERGUARD, kou'n-tur- 
gard. f. A fmail rampart with pa- 
rapet and ditch. 

To COUNTERMAND, koun-tur- 
ma'nd. v. a. To order the contrary 
to what was ordered before ; to con- 
tradift the orJers of another. 

COUNTERMAND, kou'n-tur- 
mand. f. Repeal of a former order. 

To COUNTERMARCH, koun-tur- 
ma'rtfh. v. n. To march backward.- 

COUNTERMARCH, kou'n-ti'ir- 
mirtfh. f. Retrocedion, march back- 
ward ; change of meafures ; altera- 
tion of conauft. 


f. A fecond or third mark put on a 
bale of goods ; the mark of the 
goldfmiths company. 

COUNTERMINE, kou'n-tur-mine. 
f. A well or hole funk into the 
ground, from which a gallery or 
branch runs out under ground, to 
feek out the enemy's mine ; means 
ofoppofition ; aftratagem by which 
any contrivance is defeated. 

To COUNTERMINE, koun-tiir- 
mi'ne. v. a. To delve a palTage in- 
to an enemy's mine; to counter- 
work, to defeat by fecret meafures. 

mo-fliilin. f. Contrary motion. 

COUNTERMURE, kou'n-tur-mure. 
f. A wall built up behind another 

nit'-tti-ral. a. Contrary to nature. 

COUN FERNOISE, kou'n-tur-noize. 
f. A found by which any other Qoife 
is overpowered. 

6'pe-nlng. f. An aperture on the 
contrary fide. 

COUN lERPACE, kou'n-tur-pafe. f. 
Contrary meafure. 

COUNTERPANE, kou'n-i/ir-pane. 
{. A coverlet for a bed, or any 
thing clfe woven in fquares. 

The correfpondent part. 

COUNTERPLEA, koun-tur-ple'. f. 
In law, a replication. 

To COUNTERPLOT, koun-tiir- 
■ plot'. V. a. To oppofe one machine 
by another. 

COUNTERPLOT, kou'n-tur-plot. f. 
An artifice oppofed to an artifice. 

f. A coverlet woven in fquares ; a 
term in mufick. 

To COUNTERPOISE, koun-ttr- 
poi'ze. V. a. To counterbalance, to 
be equiponderant to ; to produce a 
contrary aftion by an equal weight ; 
to ad with equal power againft any 
perfon or cauje. 

COUNTERPOISE, kou'n-tur-poize. 
f. Equiponderance, equivalence of 
weight ; the Hate cf being pi -iced in 
the oppofite fcale cf the balance ; 
equipollence, equivalence of power. 

poi'zn. f. Antidote. 

pres'-(hur. f. Oppofite force. 

prodzli'-lkt, f. Correfpondent part 
of a fcheme. ' 

COUNTERSCARP, kou'n-tur- Mrp. 
f. That lide of the ditch which is 
next the camp. 

V. a. To fign an order or patent of 
a fuperiour, in quality of fecret.iry, 
to render the thing more authen- 

COUNTERTENOR, koun-tur-tt-n'- 
nijr. f. One of the mean or middle 
parts of mufi..k, fo called, as it were, 
oppofite to the tenor. 

COUNTERTIDE, kou'n-tiir-tide. f. 
Contrary tide. 

Defence, oppofition. 

GOUNTERTURN, kou'n-tur-tirn. 
f. The height and full growth of 
the play, we may call properly the 
Counterturn, which dellroys expeft- 

To COUNTERVAIL, kou'n-tur- 
va'le. V. a. To be equivalent to, 
to have equal force or value, to ait 
againft with equal power. 

COUNIERVAIL, kou'n-tur-vile. f. 
Equal weight ; ihat which has equal 
weight or value. 

COUNFERVIEW, kou'n-tur-vfi. f. 
Oppofition, a pollure in which two 
perfons front each other ; contrail. 

To COUNTERWORK, koun-tur- 
wurk'. v. a. To counteradl, to hin- 
der by contrary operations. 

COUNTESS, kou'n-tls. f. The lady 
of an earl or count. 

COUNTING-HOUSE, kou'n-tlng- 
houfe. f. The room appropriated by 
traders to their books and accounts. 

COUNTLESS, kou'nt-lis. a. Innu- 
merable, without number. 

COUNTRY, kiin'-try. f. A traft of 
land, a region ; rural parts ; the 
place of one's birth, the native foil ; 
the inhabitants of any region. 

COUNTRY, kun'-tr^. a. RuHick, 
rural ; remote from cities or courts ; 
peculiar to a region or people; rude, 
ignorant, untaught, '. ' 

COUNTRYMAN, kfin'-t'r^-mln. f. 
One born in the fame country ; a 
ruftick, one that inhabits the rural 
parts ; a farmer, a hufijandman. 

COUNTY, kou'n-ty. f. A fliife; 
that is, a circuit or portion of the 
realm, into which the whole land 
is divided ; a count, a lord. Obfo- 
lete in this laft fenle. 

COUPEE, ko-pe. f. A motion in 

COUPLE, kt'ip'l. f. A chain or tye 

that holds dogs together; two, a 

brace; a male and his female. 

To COUPLE, kip'l. V. a. Tcj chain 

' together ; to join one tb another ; 

- to m.3rrv, to wed. ' ^ ' 

To COUPLE, kup'l. V. n.'!To join 

in embraces. ' ' 





COU?LE-BEGGAR, k-ip'I-bag-ir. 
f. One that makes it his bufiiie!s to 
marrv beggars to each other. 

COUPLET, kiip'-llt. f. Twovcrfe 


a pair of rhitnes ; a pair, as cl 
COURAGE, kir'-iidge. f. Bravery, 

aflive fortitude. 
COURAGEOUS, kur-r.V-jus. a. 

Brave, daring, bold. 
COURAGEOUSLY, ki'ir-ra'-juf-ly. 
^a4. Bravely, ftoutly, boldly. 
COURAGEOUSNESS, kiir-ra-juf- 
rls. f. Bravery, boldnefs, fpirit, 
COURANT, kur-rant'. 71. A 
COUKANTO, ku--ian'-i6. S nimble 
dance ; any thing that fpreads 
quick, as a paoer of news. 
To COURB, ko'rb. v. n. To bend, 

to bow. Obfolete. 
COURIER, ko'-r)cr. f. A meffen- 

ger fent in halle. 
COURSE, ku'rfe. f. Race, career ; 
pafla^e from place to place ; tilt, 
ait if running in the lifts ; ground 
on which a race is run ; track or 
line in which a fliip fails; fails, 
mcani by which the courfe is per- 
formed ; order of fuccelTion ; feries 
of fucceflive and methodical proce- 
dure ; the elements of an art exhi- 
bited and explained in a methodical 
leties ; method of life, train of ac- 
tions ; natural bent, uncontrolled 
will; catamenia ; number of dilhes 
fet on at once upon the table; emp- 
ty form . 
To COURSE, ko'rfe. v. a. To hunt, 
to purfue; to purfue with dogs that 
hunt in view; to put to fpeed, to 
force to run. 
To COURSE, ko'rfe. v.n. To run, 

10 rove about. 
COURSER, k6'r-fur. f. A fwift 
horfe, a war horfo; one who purfues 
the fport of courfing hares. 
COURT, ko'rt. f. The place where 
the prince refides, the palace ; the 
h.iU or chamber where juftice is ad- 
miniftered ; open fpace before a 
houfe; a fmall opening inclofed 
with houfcs and paved with broad 
flones ; perfons who compofe the 
retinue of a prince; perfons who 
are affembled for the adminiftration 
of juftice; any jurifdidion, military, 
civil, or ecclefialHcal ; the art of 
plcafing, the art of infIn^ati- 
To COURT, k6'rt. v. a. To woo, 
to folicit a woman ; to folicit, to 
fcek ; to flatter, to endeavour to 

COURT-CHAPLAIN, k6rt-tfMp'- 

lln. f. One who attends the 
to celebrate the holy otiices. 

COUR'l'-DAY. ko'rtr-da'. f. Day on 
■which jullice is foleinnly admi- 

COURT-FAVOUR, kort-fa-vur. f. 
Favours or benefits bellowed by 

COURT- HAND, kc.'rt-hand. f. 
The hand or manner of writing 
ufed in records and judicial pro- 

COURT-LADY, ko'rt-la-d^. f. 
A lady converfant in court. 

COURTEOUS, kiJr'-iniu,. a. Ele- 
gant of manners, well-bred. 

COURTEOUSLY, kur'-tfhi'.f-ly. ad. 
Refpeflfully, civilly, complailant- 


COURTEOUSNESS, kur'-tlhuf-nls. 
f. Civility, complaifance. 

COURTESAN, 7 , , . , , t . 

COURTEZAN, I '^"'-'^^••'"- { ^- 
A woman of the town; a proftitute, 
a ftrumpet. 

COURTESY, kfir'-i5-f^ f. Ele- 
gance of manners, civility, complai- 
fance ; an a&. of civility or refpeft ; 
a tenure, not of right, but of the 
favour of others 

COURTESY, kurt'-fy. f. The re- 
vcrcnee made by women. 

To COURTESY, kuri'-fy. v. n. To 
perform an adl of reverence; to 
make a reverence in the manner of 

COURTIER, ko r-tfhur. f. One that 
frequents or attends the courts of 
princes ; one that courts or folicits 
the favour of another. 

COURTLIKE, kort-Hke. a. Ele- 
gant, polite. 

COURTLINESS, kort-l^nls. f. 
Elegance of manners, complaifance, 

COURTLY, k6'rt-l*. a. Relating 
or appertaining to the court, ele- 
gant, foft, flattering. 

COURTSHIP, ki'rt-flifp. f. The 
afl of foliciting favour, the folicita- 
tion of a woman to marriage. 

COUSIN, ku^'n. f. Any one colla- 
terally related more remotely than 
a brother or a flfler ; a title given 
by the king to a nobleman, parti- 
cularly to thofe of the council. 

COW, kow'. f. The female of the 

To COW, kow'. V. a. To deprcfs 
with far. 

COW-HERD, kow'-hd-rd. f. One 
whofe occupation is to tend cows. 

COW-HOUSE, kow'-houfc. f. The 
houfe in which kinc arc kept. 

COW-LEECH, kow '-Icifli. f. One 

who profefles to cure diftempered 
COW-WEED, kow'-wed. f. A fpe- 

cies of chervil. 
COW-WHEAT, kow'-hwet. f. A 

COWARD, kow'. urd. f. A poltron, 
a wretch whofe predominant paflion 
is fear ; it is fometimes ufed in the 
manner of an adjeftive. 
COWARDICE,kow'-ur-dh. f. Fear, 
habitual timidity, want of cou- 
CO WAKDLINESS, kow'-urd-l>*.n!s. 

f. Timiditv, cowardice. 
COWARDLY, kow'-urd-ly. a. Fear- 
ful, timorous, puflllaiiimous; mean, 
befitting a coward. 
COWARDLY, kow'-iird-ly'. ad. In 

the manner of a coward. 
To Cower, kow'r. v. n. To fink 
bv bending the knees, to (loop, to 
COWISH, kow'-j(h. a. Timorous, 

fearful. Not ufed. 
COWKEEi'ERAow'-ke pur. f. One 

whofe bufinels is to keep cows. 
COWL, knw'l. f. A monk's hood; 
a vefl'el in which water is carried on 
a pole between two. 
COWL-STAFF, kow'1-llif. f. Th» 
(laff on which a veflel is fupported 
between two men. 
COWSLIP, kow'-fljp. f. Cowflipi* 
alfo called pagil, and is a fpecies of 
COXCOMB, koks'-kons. f. The top 
of the head ; the comb reiembling 
that of a cock, which licenfed fools 
wore formerly in their caps ; a flow- 
er ; a fop, a fuperficial pretender. 
COXCOMlCAL,k6ks-k6m'-ik-al. a. 

Foppifh, conceited. 
COY, koy'. a. Modeft, decent ; re- 

ferved, not accedible. 

To COY, koy'. v. n. To behave 

with referve, to rejeft familiarity ;. 

not to condefcend willingly. 

COYLY, koy'-ly. ad. V\ ith referve. 

COYNESS, koy'-nls. f. Referve, 

unwillingnefs to become familiar. 
COYSTREL, koy's-trtl. f. A fpecies 

of degenerate hawk. 
COZ, kuz'. f. A cant or familiar 

word, contracted from coufin. 
To COZEN, ktiy.'n. v. a- To cheat, 

to trick, to defraud. 
COZENAGE, kuz'-nidzh. f. fraud, 

deceit, trick, cheat. 
COZENER, kiiz'-niir. f. A cheater, 

a dcfrauder. 
CRAB. krib'. f. A (hell fifli ; a wild 
apple, the tree that bears a wild 
apple ; a peevifli, morofe perlon ; a 
wooden engine with three claws for 




launching of Ihips ; a fign of the 

CRABBED, krib'-bjd. a. Peevidi, 
morofe ; harlh, unpleafing ; difE- 
ciili, perplexing. 

CRABBEDLY, krab'-bid-ly. ad. 

CRABBEDNESS, kiab'-bid-nis. f 
Sournels of talie ; fournel's of coun- 
tenance, ai'perity of manners; dif- 

CRABER, kra-bur. f. The water- 

CRABS-EYES, krab'z-ize. f. Small 
whitifli bodies found in the common 
crawfiili, refembling the eyes of a 

CRACK, krak'. f. A fudden difrup- 
tion ; chink, fiffure, narrow breach ; 
the found of any body burfling or 
falling ; any fudden and quick 
found ; any breach, i ijury.or aim! 
nution, a flaw ; crazi efs of intel- 
ledl ; a man crazed; a who'e ; a 
boart ; a bn.ifter. Thefe lall are 
low and vulgar ufes of the wcrJ. 

To CR.ACK, krak' v. a. To break 
into chinks; to break, to fplit; to 
do any thing with qricknefs or 
fmarcnefs ; to break or Jeftroy any 
thing ; to craze, to weaken the in- 

To CRACK, kr:U.'. v. n. To burft, 
to open in chinks ; to fall to ruin ; 
to utter a loud and fadden found ; 
to boalt, with Of. 

CRACK-BRAiiNED, krik'-brand. a. 
Craz\ , without right reafon. 

CR.ACk-HEMP, krak'-hemp. f. A 
wretch fated to the gallows. A low 

CRACKER, krak'-ur. f. A noify 
boailiiig fellow ; a quantity of gun- 
powder confined fo as to burft with 
great noife. 

To CRACKLE, krak'l. v. n. To 
make flight cracks, to make fmall 
and frequent (harp founds. 

CRACKNEL, krak'-nel. f. A hard 
brittle cake. 

CRADLE, kra'dl. f. A moveable 
bed, on which children or fick per- 
fons are agitated with a fmooth mo- 
tion ; infancy, or the firll part of 
life ; with furgeonj, a cafe for a 
broken bone ; with lliipii rights, a 
frame of timber raifed along the 
outCde cf a fhip. 

To CRADLE, kradl. v. a. To lay 
in a cradle. 

CRADLE-CLOATHS, kra'dl-kloze. 
f. Bedcloaths belonging to a cradle. 

CRAFT, kraft'. f Manual art, trade; 
fraud, cunning; fmall failing vef- 

To CRAFT, krift'. V. n. To play 
tricks. Ubiolece. 

CRAETILV, kraf'-ty-ly. ad. Cun- 
ningly, anfullv. 

CRAtTlNEoS,' krif-ty-nis.f. Cun- 
ning, Itratagcra. 

CRAi- TiMAN, krafts'-inan. f. An 
artilicer, a manufadlurer. 

CRAETbMAST£i<., krafts'-maf-tiir. 
f. A man flcilled in his trade. 

CR.AFTY, kral'-ty. a. Cunning, 

CRAG, krag'. f. A rough fteep rock; 
the rugged protuberances of rocks; 
the neck. 

CRAGGED, krag'-gld. a. Full of 
inequalities ana prominences. 

CRAGGEDNESS, krag'-dd-ni--. {. 
Fulnefs of crags or prominent 

CRAGGINESS,krag'-gy-nu. f The 
ftate of being craggy. 

CRAGGY, kiag'-ey. a. Rugged, 
full of prominences, rough. 

To CRAM, kram'. v. a. To (luff, 
to fiil with more than can conve- 
niently be rield ; to fill with food 
beyond fatiety ; to thrull in by 

To CRAM, kram'. v. a. To eat be- 
yond fatiety. 

CRAMLO, krim'-bo. f. A play i,. 
which one gives a word, to which 
another finds rhyme. 

CRAMP, kiamp'. f. A fpafm or 
cont.-action of the limbs: a reftric- 
tion, a confinement ; a piece of iron 
bent at each end, by which two bo- 
dies are held together. 

CRAMP, kramp'. a. Difficult, knot- 
ty : a low term. 

To CRAMP, krimp'. v. a. To pain 
with cramps or twitches; toreftrain, 
to confine; to bind with ciamp- 

CRA.uP-FISH, kramp'-fifh. f. The 
torpedo, which benumbs the hands 
cf thole that touch it. 

CRAMPIRON, kramp'-i-urn. f. See 

CRANAGE, kra-nlJzh. r. A liber- 
ty to ufe a crane for drawing up 
v\ares from the vefl'els. 

CRANE, kra'ne. f. A bird with a 
long beak; an inllrument made with 
ropes, piillies, and^hook% by which 
great weights are raifed ; a crooked 
pipe for drawing liquors out of a 

CRANES-BILL, kranz-bi!. f. An 
herb ; a pair (.f pincers terminating 
in a point, ufed by furgeors. 

CRANIUM, kia-nyum. f. The 

CRANK, krank'. f. A crank is the 

end of an iron axis turned r(]uare 
down, and again turned fquare to 
the firll turning down ; any bend, 
ing or winding pan"age ; any con- 
ceit formed by twifting or changing 
a word. 

CRANK, krank'. a. Healthy, fpright- 
ly ; among jailors, a fhip is laid to 
be crank when loaded near to be 

To CRANKLE, krank'!. v. n. To 
Tun in and out. 

To CRANKLE, krdnk'l. v. a. To 
break into unequal furfaces. 

CRANKNESS,krank'-nfs. f. Health, 
vigour; difpolition to overfet. 

CRANNIED, kr4n'-n>'d. a. Full of 

CRANJNY, kran'-ny. f. A chink, a 
cleft, a fitrnre. 

CRAPE, krii'pe. f. A thin ftuffloofely 

To CRASH, krifh'. V. n. To make 
a loud complicated noife, as of many 
thinps falling. 

To CR.'ioH, kralli'. v. a. To break 
or brii f; 

CRASH, kilh'. f. A loud mixed 

CRASS, kras'. a. Grofs, coarfe, not 

CRASSITUDE, kris'-iy-tuJe. f. 
Groffnefs, coarif n fs 

r Delay. 

CRAI -I kratfh'. f. The palifad- 
ed f'ame in which hay is put for 

CRAVAT, kra-vat'. f. A r.eckcloth. 

To CRAVE, kra've. v. a. to atk 
with earnellnefs,to afk with i' . jmif- 
fion ; to afe infatiably ; to long, to 
with unrealonably ; to call for im- 

CRAVEN, kra'vn. f. A cock con- 
quered and difpirited ; a coward, 
a recreant. 

To CRAVEN, kra'vB.. v. a. To 
make recreant or cowardly. 

To CRAUNCH, kranifli'. v. a. To 
crufh in the mo«h. 

CRAW, kra'. f. The crop or firft 
ftomach ■,£ birds. 

CRAWFISH, kra'-fflh. f. A fmall 
fhell-filh found in brooks. 

To CRAWL, kri'l. v. n. To creep, 
to move with a flow motion ; to 
move without rifing from the 
grr'und, as a worm ; to move 
weakly and flowlv. 

CRAWLER, kia -lur. f. -A creeper, 
anv thine that creeps. 

CR.AVFloH, kiiV-filh. f. The rivef 

CRAYON, kfi-uo. f. A kind of 




pencil, a roll of pafle to draw lines 
with ; a drawing done with a cray- 

To CRAZE, kra'ze. v. a. To break, 
to cruih, to weaken ; to crack the 
brain, to impair the intelleft. 

CRAZEDNESS, krA'-zcdnis. f. 
Decrepitude, brokennefs. 

CRAZINESS, kr'i'-zy-nls. f. State 
of being crazy, imbecility, weak- 

CRAZY, kra'-z^. a. Broken, de- 
crepit ; broken witted, (battered in 
the intelleft; weak, fhattered. 

To CREAK, kre'k. v. n. To make 
a harfli noife. 

CREAM, kre'm. f. The unfluous 
or oily part of milk. 

To CREAM, kre'm. v. n. To gather 
cream ; to mantle or froth. 

CREAM-FACED, krd'm-falh a. 
Pale, coward-looking. 

CREAMY, kre'-my. a. Full of cream. 

CREASE, kre'fe. f. A mark made 
by doubling any thing. 

To CREASE, kre'fe. v. a. To mark 
any thing by doubling it, fo as to 
leave the imprefiion. 

To CREATE, krc-ace. v. a. To 
form out of nothing, to caufe to 
exift ; to produce, to caufe, to be 
the occafion of; to beget; to invert 
with any new charafter. 

CREATION, krt-a'-(hiin. f. The 
aft of creating or conferring e.xill- 
ence ; the aft of inverting with new 
charafter ; the things created, the 
univerfe ; any thing produced, or 

CRE.VriVE, kre-a'-tiv. a. Having 
the power to create ; exerting the 
aft of creation. 

CRE.V10R,krc a-tor. f. The being 
that bertows exirtence. 

CREATURE, krc'-tlliur. f. A being 
created ; an animal not human ; a 
word of contempt for a human be- 
ing ; a word of petty tendernefs ; a 
perfon who owes his rife or his for- 
tune to another. 

CREATURELY, krd'-tfhiir-ly. a. 
Having the qualities of a creature. 

CREDENCE, krc'-di-nfe. f. Belief, 
credit; that which gives a claim to 
credit or belief. 

CREDENDA,kic-dcn'-di\. f. Things 
to be believed, articles of faith. 

CREDENT, kr^'-dcnt. a. Believing, 
eafy of b«lief ; having credit, not 
to be qucltioned. 
CREDENTIAL, krc'-den-fhai. f. 

'[ hat which cives a title to credit. 
CREDIBlLirV, krcd-y-tli'.l-ty. f. 
Claim to credit, poflibility of ob- 
taining belief, probability. 

CREDIBLE, kred'-ibl. a. Worthy 
of credit, having a juft claim to be- 

CREDIBLENESS, krjd'-lbl-rls. f. 
Credibility, worthinefs of belief, 
jurt claim to belief. 

CREDIBLY, kted'-ib-ly. ad. In a 
manner that claims belief. 

CREDIT, kred'-it. f. Belief; ho- 
nour, reputation ; good opinion ; 
faith, teftimony ; trurt repofed ; 
promife given ; influence, power 
not compulfive. 

To CREDIT, krW-lt. v a. To be- 
lieve ; to procure credit or honour 
to any thing ; to trull, to confide in; 
to admit as a debtor. 

CREDITABLE, krcd'-it-e'ol. a. 
Reputable, above contempt ; erti- 

CREDITABLENESS, kred'-it-ebl- 
nis. f. Reputation, eftimation. 

CREDITABLY, kred'-it-eb-ly. ad. 
Reputably, without difgrace. 

CREDITOR, kred'-lt-tur. f. He to 
whom a debt is owed, he that gives 
credit, correlative to debtor. 

CREDULITY, kr4-du'-li-t) . f. Ea- 
linefs of belief. 

CREDULOUS, kred'-ii-lus. a. Apt 
to believe, unfufpefting, eafily de- 

f. Aptnefs to believe, credulity. 

CREED, krc'd. f. A form of words 
in which the articles of faith are 
comprehended ; any folemn profef- 
fion of principles or opinion. 

To CREEK, kre'k. v. a. To make a 
harfli noife. 

CREEK, kre'k. f. A prominence or 
jot in a winding coaft ; a fmall port, 
a bay, a cove. 

CREEKY, krc'.ky. a. Full of creeks, 
unequal, winding. 

To CREEP, kr^'p. v. n. Pret. and 
part. p. Cri;pt. To move with 
the belly to the ground without 
legs ; to grow along the ground, 
or on other fupport? ; to move for- 
ward without bounds or leaps, as 
infefts ; to move flowly and feebly; 
to move timoroufly without foaring, 
or venturing ; to behave with fer- 
vility, to fawn, to bend. 

CREEPER, krc'-piir. f. A plant 
that fupports itfelf by means of 
fome ftronger body; an iron ufcd 
to Aide along the grate In kitchens ; 
a kind of patten or clog worn by 

CREKPHOLE, krc'p-hole. f. A 
hole into which any animal may 
creep to efcape danger ; a fubter- 
fuge, an excuie. 

CREEPINGLY, kre'p-Ing-I^-. ad. 
Slowly, after the manner of a rep- 

To CREPITATE, kti^p'-l-tSte. v. n. 
To make a fmall crackling noife. 

CREPITATION, krcp-i-ia'-fliiin. f. 
A fmall crackling nolle. 

CREPT,krep't. particip.fromCR eep. 

CREPUSCULE, krS-pus'-kule. f. 

CREPUSCULOUS, kiJ-pus'-ku-lus. 
a. Glimmering, in a rtate between 
light and darknefs. 

CRESCENT, krcb'-ient. a. Increaf- 
ing, growing. 

CRESCENT, kres'-fcnt. f. The 
moon in her ftate cf increafe, any 
fimilitude of the moon increafing. 

CRESCIVE, kres'-siv. a. Increaf- 
ing, growing. 

CRESS, kres'. f. An herb. 

CRESSET, kres'.fet. f. A great light 
fet upon a beacon, light-houfe, or 

CREST, krcft', r. The plume of 
feathers on the top of the ancient 
helmet; the ornament of the hel- 
met in heraldry ; any tuft or orna- 
ment on the head ; pride, fpirit, 

CRESTED, kres'-tid. a. Adorned 
with plume or crert ; wearing a 

CREST-FALLEN, krert'-faln. a. 
Dcjefted, funk, hcartlefs, fpirit- 

CRESTLESS, krirt'-lis. a. Not dig- 
nified with coat armour. 

CRETACEOUS, kri-ia'-fliiis.' a. 
Abounding with chalk, chalky. 

CRET.ATED, krc'-ia tid. a. Rub- 
bed with chalk. 

CREVICE, krev'-is. f. A crack, a 

CREW, knV. f. A company of peo- 
ple aflbciated for any purpofe; the 
company of a fliip. It is now gene- 
rally ufed in a bad fenfe. 

CREW, kriV. The preterite of Crow. 

CREWEL, kro'-il. f. Yarn twilled 
and wound on a knot or ball. 

CRlB.krib'. f. The rack or manger 
of a rtable ; the ftall or cabbin of an 
ox ; a fmall habitation, a cot- 

To CRIB, krib'. v. a. To Ihut up in 
a narrow habit.Ttion, to cage; to 
fteal. A low phrafe. 

CRIBBAGE, krib'-bidzh. f. A game 
at cards. 

CRIBRATION,kii-bra'-fhun. f. The 
aft of fi fling. 

CRICK, kri k. f. The noife of a 
door ; a painful rtifl'nefs in the 





CRICKET, krik'-klt. f. An infefl 
that fqueaks or chirps about ovens 
and fire-places ; a fport, at which 
the contenders drive a ball with 
fticks ; a low feat or ftool. 

CRICKETING, krik'-e-ting. f. A 
fmall kind of apple. 

CRIER, kri'-ur. f. The officer whofe 
bufinefs is to cry or make procla- 

CRIME, krl'me. f. An aft contrary 
to right, an ofFence, a great fault. 

CRIMEFUL, kri me-fal. a. Wicked, 

CRIMELESS, kri'me-lls. a. Inno- 
cent, without crime. 

CRIMINAL, krim'-in-nel. a. Faulty, 
contrary to right, contrary to duty; 
guilty, tainted with crime ; not civil, 
as a criminal profecution. 

CRIMINAL, krim'-in-nel. f. A man 
accufed of a crime ; a man guilty of 
a crime. 

CRIMINALLY, kr!m'-in-nel-y. ad. 
Wickedly, guiltily. 

f. Guiltinefs. 

CRIMINATION, krim-in-na'-fliin. 
f. The acl of accufing, arraign- 
ment, charge. 

CRIMINATORY, krim" In-na-tur'- 
y. a. Relating to accufation, ac- 

CRIMINOUS, krlm'-ln-niis. a. Wick- 
ed, iniquitous. 

CR!MINOUSLY,ktim'-in-uf-ly. ad. 
Very wickedly. 

CRIMINOUSNESS, kn'm'-In-nuf- 
rls. T. Wickednefs, guilt, crime. 

CRIMOSIN. See Crimson. 

CRIMP, krimp'. a. Crifp, brittle, 
eafily crumbled. 

ToCRlMPLE, krimp'l. v. a. To 
contraft, to caufe to fhiink, to curl. 

CRIMSON, kiini'zn. f. Red, fome- 
what darkened with blue ; red in 

To CRIMSON, krim'zn. v. a. To 
dye with crimfon. 

CRINCUM, kiink'-um. f. A cramp, 
whimfy. A cant word. 

CRINGE, krinj'e. f. Low, fervile 

To CRINGE, krinj'e. v. a. To draw 
together, to contraft. Little ufed. 

To CRINGE, k/inj'e. v. n. To bow, 
to pay court, to fawn, to flatter. 

CRINiGEROUS, kri-nfdzh'-e-rus. a. 
Hairy, oversjrown with hair. 

To CRINKLE, krlnk'l. v. n. Togo 
in and out, to run in lic.xures, Cb- 
. CRIPPLE, ktip'l. f. A lame man. 

To CRIPPLE, kiip'l. v.a. Tolame, 
to make lame. 

CRIFPLENESS.krJp'l-nls. f. Lame- 

CRISIS, kri'-sis. f. The point in 
which the difeafe kills, or changes 
to the better ; the point of time at 
which any affair comes to the height. 

CRISP, krifp'. a. Curled ; indented, 
windinij ; brittle, friable. 

To CRISP, krifp'. v. a. To curl, to 
contraft into knots; to twift ; to 
dent; to run in and out. 

CRISPATION, kiif-pa'-iliun. f. The 
aft of curling ; the llate of being 

CRISPING-PIN, kfis'-ping-pin. f. 
A curling-iron. 

CRISPNESS, krifp'-nis. f. Curled- 

CRISPY, krls'-py. a. Curled. 

CRITERION, kri-te'-ryiin. f. A 
mark by which any thing is judged 
of, with regard to its goodnefs or 

CRiriCK, krit'-ik. f. A man (killed 
in the art of judging of literature ; 
a cenfurer; a man apt to find fault. 

CRITICK, krit'-ik. a. Critical, re- 
lating to criticifm. 

CRIiTCK, krii'-tlk. f. A critical 
examination, critical remarks ; fci- 
ence of criticifm. 

CRITICAL, krit'-i-kal. a. Exaft, 
nicely judicious, accurate; relating 
to criticifm ; captious, inclined to 
find fault; comprifing the time at 
« hich a great avent is determined. 

CRITICALLY, kiii'-i-kai-y. ad. In 
a critical manner, exaftly, curiouf- 


CRITICALNESS, krft'-i-kal-nis. f. 

Exaftnefs, accuracy. 
To CRITICISE, krit'-i-size. v. n. 

To play the critick, to judge ; to 

animadvert upon as faulty. 
To CRITICISE, kii'.'-i-;fze. v. a. 

To cenfure, to pafs judgment upon. 
CRITICISM, krit'-i-sizm. f. Criti- 
cifm is a ftandard of judging well ; 

remark, animadverfion, critical ob- 

To CROAK, kroke. v. n. To make 

a hoarfe low noife, like a frog; to 

caw or cry as a raven or crow. 
CROAK, kroke. f. The cry or voice 

of a frog or raven. 
CROCEOU3, kro'-fyiis. a. Confift- 

ing of faffron, like fafFron. 
CROCK, kri.k'. f. A cup, any vef- 

fel made of earth. 
CROCKERY, krok'-er-y. f. Earthen 

CROCODILE, krok'-o-dil. f. An 

amphibious voracious animal, in 

iliaperefembling a lizard, and found 

in Egypt and the Indies.* 

CROCUS, kro'-kus. f. An early 

CROFT, krof't. f. A little clofe 
joining to a houfe, that is ufed for 
corn or pafture, 

CROISADE, kroi-fa'de. f. A holy 

CROISES, krol'-fez. f. Pilgrims 
who carry a crofs ; foldiers who 
fight againft infidels. 

CRONE, kro'ne. f. An old ewe; in 
contempt, an old woman. 

CRONY, kro'-ny. f. An old ac- 

CROOK, krok. f. Any crooked or 
bent inftrument; a (heephook; any 
thing bent. 

To CROOK, kro'k. V. a. To bend, 
to turn into a hook ; to pervert from 

CROOKBACK, kr6'k-bJk. f. A man 
that has gibbous flioulders. 

CROOKBACKED, kro'k-bakt. a. 
Having bent ilioulders. 

CROOKED, kruk'-id. a. Bent, not 
ftraight, curve; winding, oblique; 
perverfe, untoward, without refti- 
tude of mind. 

CROOKEDLY, kruk'-ld-l^. ad. Not 
in a ilraight line ; untowardly, not 

CROOKEDNESS, kruk'-Id-nls. f. 
Deviation from ftraightnefs,curvity; 
deformity of a gibbous body. 

CROP, krop'. f. The craw of a bird. 

CROPFULL, krop'-fuf. a. Satiated 
with a full belly. 

CROPSICK,kt6p'-sik. a. Sick with 
excefs and debauchery. 

CROP, krop'. f. The harveft, the 
corn gathered off the field ; any 
thing cut off. 

To CROP, krop'. V. a. To cut off 
the ends of any thing, to mow, to 
reap ; to cut off the ears. 

To CROP, krop'. V. n. To yield 
harveft. Not ufed. 

CROPPER, krop'-piir. f. A kind of 
pigeon with a large crop. 

CROSIER, kro'-zher. f. The paflo- 
ral ftaff of a bilhop. 

CROSLET, kros'-lit. f. A fmall 

CROSS, kros'. f. One ftraight body 
laid at right angles over another ; 
theenfign of the Chrillian religion ; 
a monument with a crofs upon it to 
excite devotion, fuch as were an- 
ciently fet in market-places ; a line 
drawn through another ; any thing 
that thwarts or obftrufts, misfor- 
tune, hindrance, vexation, oppofi- 
ticn, mifadventure, trial of pa- 
tience; money fo called, becaufe 
marked with' a crofs. 





CROSS, kr^,'. a. Tranfverfe, fall- 
ing athwart fomtthir.g eife ; ad- 
veile, oppofiic ; perverfe, untraft- 
able; peevKh, fretful, iil-humoiired; 
contrary, cui.tradidtory ; contrary 
to widi, unfortunate. 
CROSS, kioi'. prep. Athwart, Co as 
to interfeifl any thing j ovtr, from 
lide 10 fide. 
To CROSS, ki6.'. V. a. To lay one 
lody, or draw one line athivait 
another ; to fign with the crofs ; tv 
mark out, to cancel, as to crofs an 
article; to pafj ever ; to thwarr, to 
interpofe oblbuftion ; to ccunter- 
ad ; to contravene, to hinder by 
authority ; to contradiifl ; to be in- 
f. A round Ihot, or great buliet, 
with a bar of iron put through it. 
To CROSS-EXAMINE, kro-"-egz- 
am'in. v. a. '1 o try the faith of 
evidence by captious queftions of 
the contrary party. 
CROSS-STAFF, kros'-ftif. f. An in- 
llrunient commonly called the fore- 
UnfF, ufcd by fcamen to take the 
meridian altitude cf the fun or flars. 
CROSSBII'E, krob'-bite.f. A decep- 
tion, a cheat. 
To CROSSBITE, kros'-bite. v. a. To 

contravene by deception. 
CROSSBOW, 'kros'-bo. f. A mifSve 
weaptn f.irmed by placing a bow 
athwart a Hock. 
CROSSGRAINED, kr&s'-gra'nd. a. 
Having the fibres tranfverfe or irre- 
j;ular ; perverle, trouulefome, vex- 
CROSSLY, kros'-ly. ad. Athwart, fo 
as to iuterfeft fomething elfe ; op- 
pofitely, adverfely, in oppofuion to ; 
CROSSNESS, kris'-n!s. f. Tranf- 
verfcnefs, interfertion ; perverfenefs, 
CROSSROVV, kr6-.'-t(V. f. Alpha- 
bet, fo named becaufe a crofs is 
placed at the beginning, to fliew 
that the end of learning is piety. 
CROSSWJND, kros'-wlnd. f. Wind 

blowing from the right or left. 
CROSS WAY, kroi'-wa. f. A fmal! 
obfcure path interfciiting the chief 
CROSSWORT, kroi'-wurt. f. A 

CROTCH, kri.ih'. f. A hook. 
CROTCHET, kritfh'-it. f. In mu- 
fick, one of the notes or characters 
of time, equal to half a minim ; a 
piece of wood fitted into another to 
fupport a building ; in printing, 
huoks ia wiiich words aie included 

[tliuj] ; a perverfe conceit, an odd 

To CROUCH, krou'tfh. v. n. To 
(loop low, to lie clofe to the ground ; 
to f^wn, to bend fervilely. 

CROUP, kio'p. f. The rump of a 
fowl; the buttocks of a horfe. 

CROUPADES, kr(S-padi. f. Are 
higher lesps than thofe cf corvets. 

CROW, kro' f. A large black bird 
that feeds upon the carcafl'es of 
hearts ; a piece of iron ufed as a 
lever; the voice of a cock, or the 
nolfe which he makes in his gaiety. 

To CROW, kio'. V. n. pret. Crew 
or Crowed. To make the roife 
which a cock makes ; to boaft, to 
bully, to vapour. 

CROWD, krow'd. f. A multitude 
confufedly prefTed together; a pro- 
niifcucus medley ; the vulgar, the 
populace ; a fiddle. 

To CROWD, krow'd v. a. To fill 
with confufed multitudes ; to prefs 
clofe together; to incumber by 
multitudes ; 'I'o crowd fail, a fea 
phrafe, to fpread wide thelails upon 
the yards. 

To CROWD, krow'd. v n. To 
fmarm, to be numerous and confuf- 
ed ; to thrurt among a multitude. 

CROWDER, krow'-dcr. f. A fid- 

CROWED, pret. of To Crow. 

CROWFOOT, kt6'-fut. f. A flower. 

CROWKEEPER, kro'-k^-pur. f. A 

CROWN, krow'n. f. The ornament 
of the head which denotes imperial 
and regal dignity ; a garland ; a 
reward, honorary dilHnction ; regal 
power, royalty ; the top of the head; 
the top of any thing, as of a moun- 
tain ; part of the hat that covers 
the head ; a piece of money ; lio- 
nour, ornament, decoration ; com- 
pletion, accomplifhment. 

CROWN -IMPERIAL, krown-im 
pe'-ryal. f. A plant. 

To CROWN, krow'n. v. a. To in- 
veft with the crown or regal orna- 
ment ; to cover, as with a crown ; 
to dignify, to adorn, lo make iiluf- 
trious ; to reward, to recom pence ; 
to complete, to perfedt j to termi- 
nate, to finilh. 

CROWNGLASS,krow'n-glis f. The 
fineft fort of window glafs 

CROWN POST, krow'u-poih f. A 
port, which, in fome buildings, 
llands upright in the middle, be- 
tween two princip:il rafters. 

CROWN SCAB, 1-row'ii-fk.ib. f. A 
ftinking filthy ftab, round a horfe's 

CROWNWHEEL, krow'n-hwc!. f 
The upper wheel of a watch. 

CROWN WORKS, kro'.v'n-uurks. f, 
Jn fortification, bulwarks advanced 
towards the field to gain lome hill 
or rifing ground. 

CROWNE r, krow'n-^t. f. The fame 
with coronet; chief end, laft pur- 

CRO VTCE, kr&'-t&. f. A plant. 

CROYLbTONE, kroy'l-ftone. f. 
Crvftalllzed cauk. 

CRUCIAL, kro'-fyil. a. Tranfverfe, 
interfiling one another. 

ToCRUCiATE, kio'-fyate. v. a. To 
torture, to torment, tc excruciate. 

CRUCIBLE, ki^'-slol. f. A chymili's 
melting pot made of earth. 

CRUCIFEROUS, kro-slf'-fS-rus. a. 
Bearing the crofs. 

CRUCIFIER, kro'.f^'-fi-t'ir. f. He 
that inflicts the punifhment of cru- 
cifixion. "" 

CRUCIFIX, krA'-fy-flks. f. A re- 
prefcntation in picture or ftatuary of 
our Lord's paflion. 

CRUCIFIXION, kro-fy-fik'-niun. f. 
I he punilhnient of nailing to a 

CRUCIFORM, kro-fy-form. a. Hav. 
ing the form of a crofs. ' 

To CRUCIFY, kr6'-f^-f^. V. a. To 
put to death by nailing the handj 
and feet to a crofs fet upright. 


CRUDE, kro'ue. a. Raw, not fub- 
dued by fire; not changed by any 
proccfs or preparation ; harlh, un- 
ripe ; unconcoded ; not well digeft- 
ed ; not brought to perfedion, im- 
muure; having indigefted notions. 

CRUDELY, kro'de-ly ad. Unripely, 
without due preparation. 

CRUf-)ENESS, k.ode-nls. f. Un- 
ripenefs, indigellion. 

CRUDIIY, kri-di-i/-. f Indigef- 
tiun, inconcodion, unripenefs, want 
of maturitv. 

CRUDY, kfiV-dy. a. Concreted, co. 
at; ilated ; raw, chill. 

CRUtL, kto'-II. a. Pleafed with 
hurling others, inhuman, hard- 
heaned, barbarous ; of things, 
blooily, mifchievous, deftrudive. 

CRUELLY, kro'-il-ly. ad. In a 
cruel manner, inhu'iianly, barba- 

CRUELNESS, kro'-ll-nL. f. Inhu- 
manity, cruelty. 

CRUELTY, kr^'-il-ty. f. Inhuma- 
nity, favagenels, barbarity. 

CRUINTAFE, kro'-in-iate. a. 

Smeared with blood. 
CRUET, kro'-It. f. A vial for vine- 
gar or oil. 





CUUISE, kio'fe. f. A fmall cup. 
CRUISE, kroze. f. A voyage in fearch 

of plunder. 
To CRUISE, kroze. v. n. To rove 

over che Tea in fearch of plunder; 

to wander on the fea without any 

certain ccurfe. 
CRUISER, knV-zur. f. One that 

roves upon the fea in fearch of 

CRUM, J , , , f f. The foft part 
CRU.MB, 5 '"'■'""■ (of bread, not 

the crull ; a fmall particle or frag- 
ment cf bread. 
To CRUMBLE, krum'bl. v. a. To 

break into fmall pieces, to commi- 
To CRUMBLE, krum'bl. v. n. To 

fill i;ito fmall pieces. 
CRUMMY, krum'-my. a. Soft. 
CRUMx^, krump'. a. Crooked in the 

To CRUMPLE, krimp'I. V. a. To 

draw into wrinkles. 
CRUMPLING, ktump'-iing. f. A 

fmall degenerate a^ple. 
CRUPPER, krup'-fir. f. That part 

of the horfeman's furniture that 

reaches from the iaddle to the 

CRURAL, kro-ral. a. Belonging 

to the leg. 
CRUSADE, kr6-sa'de. 7 f. An ex- 
CRUSADO, ko-sa-cO. S pedition 

againft the infidels; a coin llampeJ 

with a crofs. 
CRUSE T, kr.V-sit. f. A goldfmith's 

To CRUSH, kruHi'. v. a. To prefs 

between two oppofite bedies, to 

fqueeze; to prefs with violence; 

to overwhelm, to beat down ; to 

fubdue, to deprefs, to difpirit. 
CRUSH, krufh'. f. A coUifion. 
CRUST, krull'. f. Any fhell, or ex- 
ternal coat; an ircruftation, ccllec 

tion of matter into a hard body; 

the cafe of a pye mbde of meal, 

and baked ; the outer hard part of 

b/ead ; a walle piece of bread. 
To CRUST, ktulV. V. a. To envelop, 

to cover with a hard cafe ; "to foul 

with concretions. 
To CRUST, krulV. v. n. To gather 

or contraft a crulh 
CRUSTACEOUS, kn'ii"-ta -fhus. a. 

Shellv, with joints; not tellaceous. 

Ihiif-nls. f. The quality of having 

jointed fhells. 
CRUSTILY, kriis'-ti-ly. aJ. Pee- 

vilhlv, fnappilhlv. 
CRUSTINESS, kfus' ti-nis. f. The 

quality of a cruft j peevillinefs, mo- 


CRUSTY, krus'-ty. a. Covered with 
a trull ; llurdy, morofe, fnappilh. 

CRUTCH, krutfu'. f. A fupport 
uied hv cripples. 

ToCRU'rCH, krutfh'. v. a. To fup- 
port on crutches as a cripple. 

To CRY, kry''. v. n. To fpeak with 
vehemence and loudnefs; to call 
importunately ; to proclaim, to 
makepubiick ; to exclaim ; to utter 
lamentation ; to i'qaall, as an in- 
fant ; to weep, to flisd tears ; to 
utter an inarticulate voice, as an 
animal ; to yc'p, £s a hound on a 

To CRY, kry'. v. n. To proclaim 
publickly fomething loft or found. 

To CRY DOWN, kry'dow'n. v. a. 
To blamf, to depreciate, to decay; 
to prohibit ; to overbear. 

To CRY OU r, kry' ou't. v. n. To 
exclaim, to fcream, to cISmour; to 
complain loudly; to blame, to cen- 
fure ; to declare loud ; to be in la- 

To CRY UP, kry' lip', v. a. To ap- 
plaud, to exalt, to praife ; to raife 
the price by proclamation. 

CRY, kry''. f. Lamentation, Ihriek, 
fcream; weeping, mourning; cla- 
mour, outcry ; exclamation of tri- 
umph or wonder ; proclamation ; 
the hawkers proclamation of wares, 
as the cries of London ; acclama- 
tion, popular favour ; voice, utter- 
ance, manner of vocal exprelTion ; 
importunate call ; yelping of dogs ; 
yell, inarticulate noife ; a pack of 

CRYAL, krv'-al. f. The heron. 

CRYER, kVy'ur. f. The falcon 

CRYPTICAL,krip'-tI-ka!. 1 a. Hid- 

CRYPTICK, krip'-tik. I den, fe- 
cret, occult. 

CRYPl'ICALLY, kn'p'-ti-kil-y. ad. 
Occultly, fecretly. 

CRYPTOGRAPHY, krfp-tog'-gra- 
fy. f. The acl of writing fecret 
charadlers ; feciet charadlers, cy- 

CRVPTOLOGY, krip-t61'-I6-jy. f. 
yEnigmatical language. 

CRYSTAL, kris'-tiil. f. Crydals are 
hard, pellucid, and naturally co- 
lourlefj bodies, of regularly angular 
figures; Cryftal is alio uf;.j for a fic- 
titious body call in the glafs-houfes, 
called alfo crylUl glafs, which is 
carried to a degree of perfection be- 
yond the common glafs; Cryilal«, 
in chymiilry, expreG lalts or ether 
matters fhot or congealed in manner 
of cryftal. 

CRYS I'AL. kris'-u'il. a. Confifling 

of cryftal; bright, clear, tranfparetit, 
luciJ, pellucid. 

CRYSTALLINE, I J'lv'^!,-'/.''^- 
( Krii -tal -Iin. 

a. Confilling of cryila! ; bright, 

clear, pelluciJ, tranfparent. 

tal-line u'-miir. f. The fecond 
humour of the eye, that lies imme- 
diately next to the aqueous behind 
the uvea. 

za'-niun. f. Congelation into cryf- 
tals. The mafs formed by congela- 
tion or concretion. 

To CRYSTALLIZE, krIs'-iJl-lize. 
V. a. To caufe to coi.geal or con- 
crete in cryllals. 

To CRYSTALLIZE, kris'-tal-lixe. 
v. n. To coagulate, congeal, con- 
crete, or ihoot into cryilals. 

CUB, kui)'. f. The young cf a bead, 
generally of a bear or fox ; tho 
young of a whale ; in reproach, a 
young boy or girl. 

To CUB, kub'. v. a. To bring forth. 
Little ufed. 

CUBATION, kt'i-ba'-lhun. f. The 
aol of h in^ doAn. 

CURATORY, ku'-bi-tiir-y. a. Re- 

CUBATURE, ku'-bA-ture. f. The 
finding exatlly the folid content of 
any propofeJ body. 

CUBE, ki'Dc. f. A reguUr folid 
body, confilling of f\< fquaie and 
equal faces or fides, and the angles 
all right, and therefore equal. 

CUBE ROO r, ki'i'be rot. / f. 

CUBICK ROOT, ku'-bik r.Vt. f The 
origin of acubick number. 

CUBICAL, } a. Having 

CUhlCK, ku'-blk. 3 the form or 
properties of a cube ; it is applied 
to numbers: the number of four 
multiplied into itfelf, produceth the 
fqua.'e number of fixteen, and that 
again multiplied by four produceth 
the cubick number of lixv four. 

CUBICALNESS, ku'-bi-kdl-nis. f. 
The Hate or quality of being cu« 

Kitted for the poftureof lyingdown. 

CUBIFORM, ku-by-form. a. Of 
t'le fhape of a cube. 

CUBIT, ku'-Lit. f. A meafure in 
ufe among the ancients, which was 
originally the dillance from the el- 
bow, bending inwards, to the ex- 
tremity of the middle finger. 

CUBIT.'^L, ku'-M-tel. a. Contain- 
ing only the length of a cubit. 

CUCKOLD, kuk'-kuld. f. One 
is married to an adultrefs. 

S T* 




To CUCKOLD, kuk'-kuld. v. a. To 
rob a man of his wife's fidelity ; to 
wronp a hufband by uncliaftity. 

CUCKOLDY.kuk'-kul-dv-. a. Hav- 
ing the qualities of a cuckold, poor, 

CUCKOLDMAKER, kuk'-kuld-ma- 
kur. f. One that makes a praftice 
of corrupting wives. 

CUCKOI.DOM, ki'ik'-kul-diim. f. 
The aft of adultery, the ftate of a 

CUCKOO, kiik-ko. f. A bird which 
appear' in the fpring, and is faid to 
fuck the eges of other birds, and 
lay her own to be hatched in their 
place ; a name of contempt. 

CUCKOO-BUD, kuk-kcV-bud. 

flow ir. 
The name of a flower. 

CULKOOSPITFLE, kuk-ko'-fpitl. 
f. A fpumous dew found upon 
plants, with a little infeft in it. 

CUCULLATE.ku-kid'-Ute. 7 

CUCULL.'\TED,kii-ki^l'-la-tid. J ^^ 
Hooded, covered, as with a hood or 
cow! ; having the refemblance or 
Ihape of a hood. 

CUCUMBER, kou'-kum-ur. f. The 
name of a plant, and fruit of that 

ta'-{hus. a. Cucurbitaceous plants 
are thofi which relemble a gourd, 
fuch as the pompion and melon. 

CUCURBITE, ku-kur-bite. f. A 
chymical veffel commonly called a 

CUD, ki'id'. f. That food which is 
repofited in the firfl flomach, in 
order to be chewed again. 

CUDDEN, Uud'n. 7 f. A clown, a 

CUDDY, kud'-dy. J llupid low dolt. 

To CUDDLE, kud'l. v. n. To lie 
clofe, to fquat. 

CUDGEL, kiid'-jll. f. A ftick to 
ftrike with. 

To CUDGEL, kud'-jll. v. a. To 
beat with a ftick. 

CUDGEL-PROOF, kiid'-jil-prof. a. 
Able to refift a ftick. 

CUD*EED, kud'-wed. f. A plant. 

CUE, ku'. f. The tail or end of any 
thing ; the laft words of a Ipeech in 
afliiig, to be anfwered by another; 
a hint, an intimation, a fliort direc- 
tion ; humour, temper of mind. 

CUERPO, kw^i'-p6. f. To be in 
cuerpo, is to be without the upper 

CUFF, kuf. f. A blow with the 
lift, a box, a llrokc. 

To CUFF, kuf. V. n. To fight, to 


To CUFF, kuf. V. a. To ftrike with 
the fift, to ftrike with talons. 

CUFF, kuf. f. Part of the fteeve. 

CUIRASS, kii'-ri^. f. A brcaftplate. 

CUIRASSIER, ku-raf-fc'r. f. A man 
of arms, a foldier in armour. 

CUISH, kufti'. f. The armour that 
covers the thighs. 

CULDKES, kiil'-dez. f. Monks in 

CULINARY, ktV-linar-^-. a. Relat- 
ing to the kitchen. 

To CULL, kul'. V. a. To felefl from 

CULLER, kul'-liir. f. One who 
picks or choofes. 

CULLION, kul'-lvin. f. A fcoun- 

CULLIONLY.kul'-lyiin-ly. a. Hav- 
ing the qualities of a cullion, mean, 

CULLY, kul'-ly. f. A man deceived 
or impofed upon. 

To CULLY, kul'-ly. v. a. To befool, 
to cheat, to impofe upon. 

CULMIFEROUS, kul-mlf'-fe-rus. 
a. Culmifeious plants are fuch as 
have a fmooth jointed ftalk, and 
their feeds are contained in chaffy 

To CULMINATE, kul'- mf-nate. 
v. n. To be vertical, to be in the 

CULMIN.4TION, kul-mi-na'-ftiLin. 
f. The tranfit of a planet through 
the meridian. 

CULPABILITY, kul-pi-bl.'-l-ty. f. 

CULPABLE, kiil'-p'ibl. a. Crimi- 
nal ; blameable, blameworthy. 

CULPABLENESS, kul'-publ-nls. f. 
Blame, guilt. 

CULPABLY, kul'-pub-ly. ad. Elame- 
ably, criminally. 

CULPRIT, kul'-prit. f. A man ar- 
raigned before his judge. 

CULTER, ko'I-ti'ir. f. The iron of 
the plow perpendicular to the Ihare. 

To CULTIVATE, kul'-ti-vate. v. a. 
'I'o forward or improve the produft 
of the earth, by manual induftry; 
to improve, to meliorate. 

CULFIVATION, kul-ti-va'-fh'in. 
f. 'I'he art or praftice of improving 
foils, and forwarding or meliorating 
vegetables ; improvement in gene- 
ral, melioration. 

CULTIVATOR, kul'-tJ-va-tur. f. 
One who improves, promotes, or 

CULTURE, kiil'-tlhir. f. The aft 
of cultivation ; art of improvement 
and melioration. 

ToCULFURE, kul'-tfhur. v. a. To 
cultivate, to till. Not ufcd. 

CULVER, kiil'-ver. f. A pigeon. 
Old word. 

CULVERIN, kiil'-vf-rln. f. A fpe- 
cies of ordnance. 

CULVERKEY, kul'-ver-ke. f. A 
fpecies of Hower. 

To CUMBER, kum'-bur. v. a. To 
cmbarrafs, to entangle, to obftruCl; 
to croud or load with fomething 
ufelcfs ; to invohe in difticulties 
and dangers ; to diftrcfs ; to bufy, 
to diftrait with multiplicity of cares; 
to be trouhlcfome in any 

CUMBER, kum'-bur. f. Ve.xation, 
embarraflir.ent. Not ufed. 

CUMBERSOME, kim'-bur-ium. a. 
'Froublpfonie, vexatious ; hurthen- 
fome, e.Tibairaflirg, unwieldy, un- 

CUMBERSOMELY, kum'-bur-fum- 
ly. ad. In a troublefome manner. 

fum-nis. f. Encumbrance, hin- 
drance, obftruclion. 

CUMBRANCE,kum'-brunle. f. Bur- 
then, hindrance, impediment. 

CUMBROUS, kiim'-briis. a. Trou- 
blefome, vexatious, dilhirbing; op- 
preflive, bui thenfome ; jumbled, ob- 
ftruiling each other. 

CUMFREY, kiim'-fr^'. f. A medi- 
cinal plant. 

CUMIN, kum'-min. f. A plant. 

To CUMULATE, ku'-mu-late. v. a. 
To heap together. 

CUMULATfON, ku-mij la'-dmn. f. 
The afl of heaping together. 

CUNCTATION, ki'ink-ti'-ihun. f. 
Delay, procraftination, dilatorinefs. 

CU.\'CTATOR,kunk-ta'-tur. f. One 
given to delay, a lingerer. 

CUNE.AL, ku'-ny-al. a. Relating to a 
wedge, having the form of a wedge. 

CUNEATED, ku'-nj -i-tld. a. Made 
in form of a wedge. 

CUNEIFORM, ku-ne'-y-furm. a. 
Having the form of a wedge. 

CUNNER, kun'-niir. f. A kind of 
fifh lefs than an oifter, that flicks 
clofe to the rocks. 

CUNNING, kun'-ning. a. Skilful, 
knowing, learned; performed with 
(kill, artful ; artfully deceitful, 
trickifh, fubtle, crafty. 

CUNNING, kiin'-ning. f. Artifice, 
deceit, flynefs, flight, fraudulent 
dexterity ; art, flcill, knowledge. 

CUNNINGLY, kun'-ning-l> . ad. 
Artfully, flily, craftily. 

CUNNING-MAN, kun-nJng-min'. 
f. A man who pretends to tell for- 
tunes, or teach how to recover ftolen 

CUNNINGNESS, kim'.nlng nis. f. 
Deceitfulnefs, flynefs. 





CUP, klip", f. A fmall veffel to drink 
outof; the liquor contained in the 
cup, the draught ; fecial entertain- 
ment, merry bout; any thing hol- 
low like a cup, as the huf/c of an 
acorn ; Cup and Can, familiar 

To CUP, ki'ip'. V. a. To fupply with 
cups, Obfolete ; to draw blood by 
applving cupping glalTes. 

CUPBEARER, kup'-be-rur. f. An 
otiicer of the king's houfnold ; an 
attendant to give wine at a feall. 

CUPBOARD, kiib'-burd. i. A cafe 
with (helves, in which victuals or 
earthen ware is placed. 

CUPIDITY, kCi-pia'-i'-t)'-. f Con- 
cupi'cence, unlawful longing. 

CUPOLA, ku'-p6-l;\. f. A dome, 
the hemifphericalfummit of a build- 

CUPPER, kup'-pur. f. One who ap- 
plies cuppine;-glartes, a fcarifier. 

CUPPING-G^LASS, kiip'-ping-glas. 
f. A glafs ufed by fcarifiers to draw 
out the blood by rarefying the 

CUPREOUS, ku -pry-US. a. Cop- 
pery, confining of copper. 

CUR, kill', f. A worthlefs degene- 
rate dog ; a term of reproach for a 

CURABLE, ku'-rabl. a. That admits 
a remedy. 

CURABLEXES3, ku-ribl-nis. f 
Poffibllity to be healed. 

CL'R.ACY, kii'-ra-fy. f. Employment 
of a curate, employment which a 
hired clergyman holds under the 

CLK-A 1 E, kii' -ret. f. A clergyman 
hired to perform the duties of an- 
other ; a parifh priert. 

CURATESHIP, ku'-retfhip. f. The 
fame with Curacy. 

CURATIVE, kiV-ia-tiv. a. Relating 
to the cure of difeales, not preferv- 

CURATOR, ku-ra'-tor. f. One that 
has the care and fuperintendence of 
any thing. 

CURB, kiirb'. f. A curb is an iron 
chain, made fad to the upper part of 
the branches of the bridle, running 
over the beard of the horfe ; re- 
rtraint, inhibition, oppofition. 

To CURB, kiirb'. v. a. To guide a 
horfe with a curb; to reftrain, to 
inhibit, to check. 

CURD, kiird'. f. The coagulation 
of milk. 

1o CUisD, kurd'. v. a. To turn to 
curds, to caufe to coagulate. 

To CURDLE, kurd'l. v. n. To co- 
agulate, to concrete. 

To CURDLE, kurd'l. V. a. To caufe 
to coagulate. 

CURDY, kur'-dy. a. Coagulated, 
concreted, full of curds, curdled. 

CURE, hure. f. Remedy, reftora- 
tive ; aft of healing ; the benefice 
or employment of a curate or cler- 

To CURE, ku're. v. a. To heal, to 
reilore to health, to remedy; to 
prepare in any manner, fo as to be 
preferved from corruption. 

CURELESS, kure-lis. a. Without 
cure, without remedy. 

CURER, ki'-rur. f. A healer, a 

CURFEW, kur'-fu. f. An evening- 
peal, by which the Conqueror will- 
ed, that every man fliould rake up 
his fire, and put out his light; a 
cover for a fire, a fireplate. 

CURLALITY, ku-n'-al'-i-iy. f. The 
privileges, or retinue of a court. 

CURIOSiTY, ku-r)is'-Ity. f. In- 
quifitiventfs, inclination to enquiry; 
nicety, delicicy ; accuracy, exaifl- 
nefs ; an act of curiofity, nice expe- 
riment ; an objedl of cariofity, 

CURIOUS, ku'-ryus. a. Inquifitive, 
dcfirous of information ; attentive 
to, diligent about ; accurate, caie- 
ful not tomillake; difiicult to pleafe, 
felicitous of perfeflion ; exa.;l, nice, 
fubtle ; elegant, neat, laboured, fi- 

CURIOUSLY, kii'-ryuf-ly. ad. In- 
quifitively, attentively, ftudioufly; 
elegantly, neatly; artfully, exaflly. 

CURL, kurl'. f. A ringlet of hair ; 
undulation, wave, finuofity, flexure. 

To CURL, kurl'. v. a. To turn the 
hair in ringlets ; to writhe, to tuill; 
to drefs with curls ; to raife in 
waves, undulations, or fi.Tuofities. 

To CURL, kurl'. v. n. To fhrink 
into ringlets ; to rife in undulations ; 
to twift itfelf. 

CURLEW, kiir'-lu. f. A kind of 
water- fowl ; a bird larger than a 
partridge, with longer legs. 

CURMUDGEON, kiir-mud'-jun. f. 
An avaricious churlifh fellow, a 
mifer, a niggard, a griper. 

CURMUDGEONLY, kur-mud'-jun- 
Iv. a. Avaricious, covetous, churl- 
ilh, niggardly. 

CURRa""NT, kur'-run. f. The tree ; 
a fmall dried grape, properly writ- 
ten Corinth. 

CURRENCY, kur'-ren-fy. f. Circu- 
lation, power of paffing from hand 
to hand ; general reception ; fluen- 
cy, readinefs of utterance ; conti- 
nuance, conftant fiowj general 

eHeem, the rate at which any thing 
is \ ulgarly valued ; the papers 
ftamped in the Engliili coKinies by 
authority, and paffing for mo- 

CURRENT, kui-'-rent. a. Circula- 
tory, palling from hand to hand ; 
generally received, uncontradi:ted, 
authoritative; common, general; 
popular, fuch as is elHbli:hed by 
vulgar eftimation ; falhionable, po- 
pular ; paflable, fuch as may be 
allowed or admitted ; what is now 
paffing, as the current year. 

CURRENT, kui'-rent. f. A running 
ilream ; currents are certain progrel- 
five motions of the water of the fea 
in feveral places. 

CURRENTLY, kur'-rent-ly. ad. In 
a conftant motion ; without oppo- 
fition ; popularly, fartiionably, ge- 
nerally ; with ut ceafing. 

CURRENTNESS, kui'-rent-nJi. f. 
Circulation ; general reception ; 
eafinefs of pronunciation. 

CURRIER, kur'-iy-ur. f. One who 
diefles and pares leather for thofe 
who make fhoes, or other things. 

CURRIbH, kui'-rllh. a. Having the 
qualities of a degenerate dog, brutal, 
(our, quarrelibme. 

To CURRY, kur'-ry. v. a. To drefs 
leather, to beat, to drub ; to rub a 
horfe with a fcratching inftrumenr, 
fo as to fmooth his coat ; To curry 
favour, to become a favourite by 
petty officioufnefs, flight kindnefles, 
or flattery. 

CURRYCOMB, kui'-r)'-k6me. f. An 
iron inftrument ufed for currying 

To CURSE, kur'fe. v. a. To wifli 
evil to, to execrate, to devote ; to 
afilift, to torment. 

To CURSE, kiirTe. v. n. To im- 

CURSE, kur'fe. f. Malediftion, wiflr 
of evil to another; aiflidtion, tor- 
ment, vexation. 

CURSED, kiir'-sid. part, a. Under 
a curfe, hateful, deteftable; unholy, 
unfanfiified; vexatious, trouble- 

CURSEDLY, kur'-ud-ly. ad. Mifer- 
ably, ihamefully. 

CURSEDNESS,kur'-;id-nis. f. The 
ilate of being under a curfe. 

CURSHIP, kiir'-flilp. f. Dogfliip, 

CURSITOR, kur'-sl-tiir.f. An of- 
ficer or clerk belonging to the 
Chancery, that makes out original 

CURSORARY, kur'-fur-rer-ry. a. 
Curfory, hally, careleff. ^ 

S 2 CUR- 




CURSORILY, kur'-fur-H-y. ad. Hafl- 

ily, without care. 
CURSOklNF.SS, kur'-!ur-ln-n]s. f. 
Slight a'cention. 

CU^iiORY, kui'-''ur-y. a. Hafty, 
quick, inattentive, carclefs. 

CURST, kuiR'. :■ Froward, peevHh, 
iralignsnt, maliciou.', fnailing. 

CURS'lNESS,ku-ft'-ris. i. Pecvilli- 
nefs, frowardnefs. malignity. 

CURT, kurt' a. Short. 

To CURTAIL, kiir-u'le. v. a. To 
cot ofT, to cut (liort, to fhorten. 

CURTAIN, kiir'-iin f. A cloth 
contraded or expanded at pleafure; 
To draw the curtain, to clofe fo as 
to (hut out the light ; to open it fo 
as to difcern the objefti ; in forti- 
fication, that part of the wall or 
rampart that lies between two baf- 

CURTAIN-LECTURE, ^ kur'-tin- 
Ick'-tfliiir. f. A reproof given by 
a wife to her hu.tand in bed. 

To CURTAIN, kur'-iln. v. a. To 
inclofe with curtains. 

dJi'-tenfe. f. In aftronomy, the 
diftance of a planet's place from 
the fun, reduced to the ecliptick. 

CURT ATI ON, kiir-t-i'-ftiun. f. The 
interval between a planet's diftance 
from the fun and the cuitate diltance. 

CURTSY, kuri'-fy. f. See Cour- 

CURVATED, kui'-va-tld. a. Bent. 

CURVATION.kiir-va'-lhiin. f. The 
act of bending or erne-king. 

CURVATURi;, kiir'-ia-ii"ire. f. 
Crookednefs, inflexion, manner of 

CURVE, kurv'. a. Crooked, bent, 

CURVE, kurv'. f. Any thing bent, 
a flexure or crookednefs. 

To CURVE, kiirv'. V. a. To bend, 
to crook, to inlicdl 

To CURVET, kiir-xti'. V. n. To 
leap, to hound ; to frill;, to be li- 

CURVET, lur-vii'. f. A lepp, a 
bound, a fitilick, a prank. 

CURVlLlNEAK.kur-vy-iyn'-y'ir. a. 
Confining of a crooked line; com- 
pofed ofcroked lines. 
CURVTTY, kiit'-vl-ty. f, Crook- 
CUSHION, kuli'-un. f. A pillow 
for the feat, a foft pad placed upon 
a chair. 
CUSHIONED, kuiV-i'ind. a. Seated 

on a cufhion. 
CUSP, kufp'. f. A term ufed to ex- 
prefs the points or horns of the 
looon, or other lumiuary. 

PATED, ki'.s'-p5-t]d. I 

PIDATED, kui'-pi-d.Vt!d. J 


CUSPiJJ.i I i'.JJ, kus-p 

Ending in a point, having the leaves 
of a flower ending in a point. 
CUST.VRD, kiis'-turd. f. A kind of 
fweetmeat m.".de by boiling eggs 
with milk and fugar. 

CUSTODY, kus'-tiid-v. f. Impri- 
fonment, rcftraint cf liberty; care, 
prefervaticn, fecuritv. 

CUSTOM, kus'-tum.'f. Habit, ha- 
bitual praftice ; fafliion, common 
wayofarting; eflr.blifiied manner; 
praftice of buying of certain per- 
fons; application from buyers, as 
this trader has good cuftom ; in 
law, a law, or right, not written, 
which, being eftablii>ied by loi.g 
ufe, and the confent of our ancef- 
tors, has been, and is, daily prac- 
tifed ; tribute, tax paid for good; 
imported or exported. 

CUSTOMHOUSE, kJ,'-tum-houfe. 
f. The houfe where the taxes upon 
goods imported or exported are col- 

CUSTOMABLE, ku,'-(um-ubl. a. 
Common, habitual, frequent. 

CUSTOMABLF.NESS, kus'-iiim- 
iibl-nls. f. Frequency, habit ; con- 
formity to cuflom. 

CUSTOM ABLY, kus'-tum-ub-ly. ad. 
According to cullom. 

CUSTOMARILY, kus'-ium-ur-M)'-. 
ad. Habitually, commonly. 

CUSTOMARINESS, ku>'-ium-iir-i- 
nls. f. Frequency. 

CUSTOMARY, kus'-tum-ur-y. a. 
Conformable to ertablillied curtom, 
according to prefcription ; habitual; 
ufual, wonted. 

CUSTOMED, kus'-tiimd. a. Ufual, 

CUSTOMER, kus'-tiim'-ur. f. One 
ttho frequents any place oi fale for 
the fake of purchnfing. 

CUSTREL, kii.'-tiil. f. A buckler- 
bearer ; a vellel for holding wine. 

To CUT, kilt'. pret.CuT, part. pali'. 
Cut. "^I'o penetrate with an edged 
inilrumcnt ; to hew ; to carve, to 
make by fculpture ; to form any 
thing by cuttiiig ; to pierce wiili 
any uncafy fcnfation ; to divide 
packs of cards; to inter!e(;^, to crofs, 
as one line cuts another; To cut 
down, to fell, to hew, to ex- 
cel, to ovcrpovfcr ; To cut off, to 
feparatc from the other parts, to de- 
ftrov, to e tirpatc, to put to death 
untimely ; to rcfcind, to intercept, 
to hinder from union, to put an end 
to, to take away, to withhold, to 
preclude, to interrupt, to filcnce, to 
apoftrophife, to abbreviate ; To 

cut out, to (hape, to form, to 
fcheme, to contrive, to adapt, to 
debar, to excel, to outdo ; To cut 
ftiort, to hinder irom proceeding 
by fudJen interruption, to abridge, 
as the foldiers were cut fhort of 
their pay ; 'To cut up, to divide an 
animal into convenient pieces, to 

To CUT, ku;'. v. n. T'o make its 
way by dividing obftructions ; to 
perform the operation of cutting 
for the lions. 

CUT, kut'. part. a. Prepared for 

CUT, kut'. f. The aainn ofafliarp 
cr edged inflrument ; the impicinon 
or fcparation of continuity, made 
by an edge ; a wound made by 
cutting; a channel n-.aJe by art; a 
part cut off froai the rtll ; a fmal! 
particle, a (hred ; a lot cut oft" a 
flick ; a near paflage, by which 
fome angle is cut ofF; a piiflurc 
cut or carved upon a rtamp of wood 
or copper, and iaipre/Tcd from it ; 
the afi orpraflice of diiiding a pack- 
of caids ; falhion, form, iliape, 
manner cf cutting into fhap; ; a 
fool or cully ; Cut and long tail,, 
men of all kinds. 

CUTANEOUS, kii-ta-nyi'is. a. Re- 
lating to the (kin. 

CUTICLE, ku'-tlkl. f. The firft 
and outcrmofl covering of the body, 
commonly called the fcarf-ikin ; 3 
thin (kin formed on the furface oC 
any liquor. " 

CUriCULAR,kutik'-u-lur. a. Be- 
longing to the (kin. 

CUTLASS, kilt'- lis. f. A broad- 
cutting fnord. 

CUTLER, kut'-lur. f. One wh» 
makes or fells knives. 

CUTPURSE, kiit'-piirfe. f. On« 
who Heals by the method of cutting 
purfes ; a thief, a robber. 

CUTTER, kiit'-tiir. f. An agent or 
inllrument that cuts any thing ; a 
nimble boat that cuts the wuter ; 
the teeth that cut the meat; an of- 
ficer in the exchequer that provide: 
wood for the tallies, and cuts the 
fum paid upon them. 

CUT-THROA T, kiii'-tliuMe. f. A 
ruffian, a murderer, an alfaflin. 

CUT -'THROAT, kui-th ote. a. 
Cruel, inhuman, barbarous. 

CUTIJNG, kut'-ilog. f. A piece 
cut off, a lIioo. 

CUTTLE, kut'l. f. A fi ill, which, 
when he is purfued by a filh of prey, 
throv/j out a black liquor. 

CU'I"TLE, kiit'L f. Afoul-mouthed 





CYCLE, fy'kl. f. A circle ; a round 
of time, a I'pace in which the (nnie 
revolution begins again, a period- 
ical ipace of -ime; a method, or ac- 
count of a metiiod, continued til! 
the fame courl'e begins again ; 
imaginary orbs, a circle in the hea- 

CYCLOID, fy-liloid. f. A geo- 
metrical curve. 

CYCLOIDAL, fy-c!oi'-da!. a. Re- 
latintj to a cycloid. 

CYCLOP.'EDLA, fy-k'6pe d.-'-a. f. 
A circle of knowledge, a courfe of 
the fciences. 

CYGNET, dg'-nit. f. A young 

CYLINDER, sli'-ln-dur. f. A body 
havirg two flat furfaces and one 

CYLINDRICAL, fv-!In'-o!{.kal. ) 

CYLINDRICK, iy'-ILi'-drik. ] 

Partaking of the nature of a cy- 
linder, having the form of a cy- 

CYMAR, f\--mar'. f. A flight co- 
vering, a Uarf. 

CYMBAL, sim'-bal. f. A mufical 

CYNANTHROPY, A'-ran'-ihro- 
py. f. A Ipecies of madnefs in 
which men have the qualities of 


CYNEGETICKS, fy-ne-jec'-iks. f. 
The art of hiLn!ir:g. 

CYNICAL, M'n'-ik-al. 7 a. Having 

CYNiCK, sin'-ik. ( the qunliiies 

cf a dog, churlifh, brutal, fnarling, 

CYNICK, iin'-nik. f A nhilofopher 
of the fnariing crcurriili fort, a fol- 
io ver of Diogenes; a fnarler, a 

CYNOSURE, {y-'-n6-fi;re. f. The 

rtar near the north pole, by which: 
failors fleer. 

CYON. See CioK. 

CYPRESS- TREE, fy'-prus-tr^. f. A 
tall ftrait tree : its fruit is of no ufe, 
its leaves are bitter, and the very 
fmell and fhade of it are dangeroui ; 
it is the emblem of mourning. 

CYPRUS, fy -prus. f. A thin tranf- 
parent black ftuft. 

CYST, sill'. 7 f. A bag con- 

CYSTIS, sii'-tls. J taining fome mor- 
bid matter. 

CYSTIOK, sis'-tlk. a. Contained in 
a bag. 

CYSTOTOMY, sis-tot'-to-my. f. 
The aft or praftice of opening in- 
cvfted tumours. 

CZAR, zi'r. f. The tit!, of the em- 
peror of Ruflia. 

CZARINA, za-rl'-na. f. The em- 
prefs of Ruffia. 





To DAB, dab'. V. a. To ftrike 
gently wiih fcmething ioft or 

DAB, clab', f. A fmall lump of any 

thing ; a blow with famething moill 

or loft ; foraething moill or flimy 

thrown upon one; in low Ian- 

guaoe, an artif: ;. a kind of fmall 

flat fi!li. 
DAB-CHICK, dab'-tfliik. f. A wa- 

ToDABtiLE. dib'l. v. a. To fmear, 

to d3.:b, to wet. 
ToD-\EL;LE, dab'l. v. n. To play 

in water, to move in water or mud ; 

to do any thing in a flight manner, 

to tamper. 
D.'\BBLER,dab'-lur.f. One that plays 

in water ; one that meddles witli- 

out mailerv, a fuperficial meddler. 
DACE, da'fe. f. A fmall river iifli, 

relembling a roach. 
DACTYLE, d.\k'-tJI. f. A poetical 

foot confining cf one long fyllable 

and two fliort ones. 

DAD, did'. 7f Tiiechild'sway 

DADDY, did'-dy. J of exprefling fa- 

DJEDAL, dB-d.iI. a. Various, varie- 

DAFfODIL, daf'-fo-dll. 

DAFiODILLY, daf'-fo.-dll'-Iy. 

This plant hath a lily flower, con- 
filling cf one leaf, which is bell- 

To DAFT, daft'. V. a. To tofs afide, 
to tlrrow away flightly. Obfolete. 

D.AG, dag', f. A dagger; a hand- 
gun, a piflol. 

DAGGER, dag'-ur. f. A fliort fword, 
a poniard ; a blunt blade of iron 
with a bafkethilt, ufed for defence; 
the obelus, as [f], 

dra'-ing. f. The aol of dra.ving 
daggers, approach to open violence. 

To D.AGGLE, dag'l. v, a. To dip 
negligently in mire or water. 

To DAGGLE, dig'l. v. n. To hs 

in the mire. 
DAGGLF-TAIL, dig'l-tAle. a. Be- 

mired, befpattered. 
DAILY, da'-ly. a. Happening every 

day, quotidian. 
DAILY, da'-ly. ad. Every day, very 

DAINTILY, dan-ti-K''. ad. Ele- 
gantly, delicately, delicioufly, plea- 

DAINTINESS, di'n-ti-nis. f. De- 

licacy, foftnefs ; elegance, nicety; 

fqueamiflinefs, faftidioufnefs. 
DAINTY, di'n-ty. a. Pleafing tO' 

the palate ; delicate, nice, fquea- 

milL; fcrupulou?; elegant; nice. 
DAINTY, din-ty. f. Something 

nice or delicate, a delicacy ; a word 

of fondnefs formerly in ufe. 
DAIRY, da'-ry. f. The place where 

milk is manufaftured. 
DAIRYiVlAID, da'-r^-made. f. The 

woman fervant whofe bufinefs is to 

manage the milk. 




DAISY, da'-zv-. f. A fpring flower. 

DALE, da'le.' f. A vale, a valley. 

DALLIANCE, d-il'-lyinCe. f. Inter- 
change of carefles, aits of fondnefs; 
conjugal converfation ; delay, pro- 

DALLIi'R, dal'-l)-ir. f. A trifler, 
a fondler. 

To DALLY, dal'-Iy. v. n. To trifle, 
to play the fool ; to exchange ca- 
refles, to fondle ; to fpcrt, to play, 
to frolick ; to delay. 

DAM,d,\m'. f Themnther. 

DAM, dAm'. f. A mole or bank to 
confine water. 

To DAM, dam', v. a. To confine, 
to (liut up water by moles or 

DAMAGE, dam'-idzh. f. Mifchief, 
detriment ; lofs ; the value of mif- 
chief done; reparation ofdamag'.-, 
retribution ; in law, any hurt or 
hindrance that a man taketh in his 

To DAMAGE, dim'-idzh. v. a. To 
mifchief, to injure, to impair. 

To DAMAGE, dam'-jdzh. v. n. To 
take damage. 

DAMAGEABLE, dam'-Uzh-ibl. a. 
Sufceptible of hurt, as damageable 
goods ; mifchievous, pernicious. 

DAMASCENE, dim'-zin. f. A fmall 
black plumb, a damfon. 

DAMASK, dam'-afe. f. Linen or 
filk woven in a manner invented at 
Damafcus, by which partrifes above 
the reft in flowers. 

To DAMASK, dam'-afk. v. a. To 
form flowers upon ftufts ; to varie- 
gate, to diverfify. 

DAMASK-ROSB,dam"-a(k-r6'ze. f. 
A red rofe. 

DAME, da'me. f. A lady, the title 
of honour formerly given to wo- 
men ; mi/lrefs of a low family ; 
women in general. 

DAMES- VIOLET, da"mz-vi'-6-let. 
f. Queen's gillyflower. 

To DAMN, dam', v. a. To doom to 
eternal torments in a future fl:ate ; 
to procuieor caufe to be eternally 
condemned ; to condemn ; to hoot 
or hifs any publick performance, 
to explode. 

DAMNABLE, d.W-nibl. a. De- 
ferving damnation. 

DAMNABLY, dim'-na-b'^. ad. In 
fuch a manner as to incur eternal 

DAMNATION, dam-ra'-fliun. f. 
I^xclufion from divine mercy, con- 
demnation to eternal punifliment. 

DAMN.VrORY, dam'-na-tiir-y. a. 
Containing a fentence of conUemn- 

DAMNED, dam'-ned. part. a. Hate- 

ful, detertable. 
DAMNIFICK, dam'-n'f'-ik. a. Pro- 
curing lofs, mifchievous. 
To DAMNIFY, dam'-nl-f/-. v. a. 

To endamage, to injure; to hurt, 

to impair. 
DAMNINGNESS,d3m'-nJng-nis. f. 

Tendency to procure damnation. 
DAMP, damp', a. Moifl, inclining 

to wet ; dejefled, funk, depreiTed. 
DAMP, damp', f. Fog, moift air, 

moiflure ; a noxious vapour e.vhaled 

from the earth ; dejeflion, depref- 

fion of fpirit 
To DAMP, damp', v. a. To wet, 

to moiften ; to deprefs, to dejeft, to 

chill, to weaken, to abandon. 
DAMPISHNESa, damp'-llh-nls. f. 

Tendency to wetnefs, moilUire. 
DAMPNESS, damp'-nis. f. Moiflure. 
DAMPY, damp'-y. a. Dejeaed, 

gloomy, forrowful. 
DA.MSEL, dam'-zil. f. A young 

gentlewoman ; an attendant of the 

better rank ; a wench, a country 

DAMSON, dam'-ziin. f. A fmall 

black plum. 
DAN, din', f. The old term of ho- 
nour for men. 
To DANCE, dan'fe. v. n. To move 

in nieafure. 
To DANCE Attendance, danTe. v. a. 

To wait with fupplenefs and obfe- 

To DANCE, d:\n're. v. a. To make 

to dance, to put into a lively motion. 
DANCE, dan'fe. f. A motion of one 

or many in concert. 
DANCER, dan'-fur. f. One that 

pratlifes the art of dancing. 
DANCINGMASTER, din'-sing- 

m.\f-tiir. f. One who teaches the 

art of dancing. 
DANCINGSCHOOL, dan'-sfng- 

fl:ol. f. The fchool where the art 

of dancing is taught. 
DANDELION, din-dc-li'-un. f. The 

name of a plant. 
To DANDLE, dand'l. v. .i. To fliake 

a child on the knee; to fondle, to 

treat like a child. 
DANDLER, dand'-lur. f. He that 

dandles or fondles children. 
DANDRUFF, din'-dilf. f. Scurf 

on the head. 
DANKWORT, di'ne-wi'irt. f. A 

fpecics of elder, called alfo dwarf- 
elder, or wallwort. 
DANGER, da'n-jiir. f. Rifque, ha- 
zard, peril. 
To DANGER, di'n-ji'ir. v. a. To 

put in hazard, to endanger. Not 

in ufe. 

out hazard, without rifque. 

DANGEROUS, da n-jcrus. a. Ha- 
zardous, perilous. 

DANGEROUSLY, dan-je-ruf-Iy. 
ad. liazardoufly, periloufly, with 

DANGEROU3NESS, dan-jc-rof- 
nis. f. Danger, hazard, peril. 

To DANGLE, d;Vng-gl. v. n. To 
hang loofe and quivering ; to hang 
upon any one, to be an humble fol- 

DANGLER, di'ng-lir. f. A man 
that hangs about women. 

DANK, dank', a. Damp, moift. 

DAN'KISH, dink'-lih. a. Somewhat 

DAPPER, dap'-pur. a. Little and 
aclive, lively without bulk. 

DAPPERLING, dap'-pur-ling. f. A 

DAl'PLE, d^'ip'l. a. Marked with 
various colours, variegated. 

To DAPPLE, dap'l. v. a. To flrcak, 
to vary. 

DAR, da'r. ) f. A filh found in the 

DART, da'rt. \ Severn. 

To DARE, da' re. v. n. pret. I Durft. 
part. I have Dared. To have cou- 
rage for any purpole, to be adven- 

To DARE, da're. v. a. To challenge, 
to defy. 

ToDARE LARKS, dare la'rks. V. n. 
To catch them by means of a look- 

D.ARE, d.i're. C Defiance, challenge. 
Not in ule. 

DARKFUL, dare-fiil. a. Full of 

D.U\.!NG, da'-iing. a. Bold, adven- 
turous, fearlefs. 

DARINGLY, da'-ring-ly, ad. Bold- 
ly, courageoufly. 

DARINGNESS, da'-ring-nis. f. 

DARK, da'rk. a. Without light; 
not of a fhowy or vivid colour; 
blind; opake; obfcure ; ignorant; 

To DARK, da'rk. v. a. To darken, 
to obfcure. 

To DARKEN, da'rkn. v. a. To 
make dark; to perplex, to iully. 

To DARKEN, da'rkn. v. n. To 
grow dark. 

DARKLING, da'rk-IJng. part. a. 
Being in the dark. 

DARKLY, da'ik-iy. ad. In a fitu- 
ation void of light, obfcurely, 

DARKNESS, da'rk-nis. f. Abfcnce 

of liglit; opakenefs ; obfcurity ; 

wickedncfi ; the empire of Satan. 





DARKSOME, da'rk-fum. a. Gloomy, 

DARLING, di'r-ling. a. Favourite, 

dear, beloved. 
DARLING, da'r-ling. f. A favour- 
ite, one much beloved. 
ToDARN, di'rn. v. a. To mend 
holes by imitating the texture of 
the ftuif. 

DARNEL, di'r-nll. f. A weed grow- 
ing in the fields. 

To DARRAIN, dir-r-Vne. v. a. To 
range troops for battle. 

D.\RT, dart', f. A miflile weapon 
thrown by the hand. 

To DART, dart', v. a. To throw of- 
fenfivclv ; to throw, to emit. 

To DART, dan', v. n. To fly as a 

To DASH, dafii'. V. a. To throw any 
thing fuddenly againll fomahing; 
to break by collifion ; to throw wa- 
ter in fladies ; to befpatter, to be- 
fprinkle; to mingle, to change by 
fome fmall admixture; to form or 
print in hafte ; to obliterate, to crofs 
cut ; to confound, to make afham- 
ed fuddenlv. 

To DASH, difii'. V. n. To fly off" 
the furface ; to fly in fladies with a 
loud noife ; to rclli through water 
fo as to make it fly. 

DASH, dalh'. f. Collifion; infufion; 

a mark in writing, a line ; 

ftroke, blow. 

DASH, dalh'. ad. An e.vpreflion of 
the found of water dafhed. 

DASTARD, das'-lard. f. A coward, 
a poltron. 

To DASTARDISE, das'-tir-dize. 
V. a. To intimidate ; to dejeft with 

DASTARDLY, das'-iard-ly. a. Cow- 
ardly, mean, timorous. 

D.\S TARDY, das'-iir-dy. f. Cow- 

DATE, date. f. The time at which 
a letter is written, marked at the 
end or the beginning ; the time at 
which any event happened ; the 
time llipulateJ when any thing 
fhould be done ; end, conclufion ; 
duration, continuance ; the fruit cf 
the date tree. 

D.ATE-TRER, da te-tre. f. A fpe- 
cies of palm. 

To DATE, date. v. a. To note with 
the time at which any thing is writ- 
ten or done. 

D.Vl'ELESS, da'te-lis. a. Without 
any fixed term. 

Dative, da'-Jv. a. in grammar, 
the cafe that iignifies the perfon to 
whom any thing is given. 

ToD.AUB, dab. v. a. To Iraear with 

' fomething adhefive; to paint coarfe- 
ly ; to lay on any thing gaudily or 
oftentatioufly ; to flatter grofsly. 
DAUBER, d4'- bur. f. A coarfe low 

DAUBY, da'-by. a. Vifcous, gluti- 
nous, adhefive. 
DAUGHTER, di'-ti'ir. f. The fe- 
male ofi^spring of a man or woman ; 
in poetry, any defcendant; the pe- 
nitent of a confeflbr. 
To DAUNT, da'nt. v. a. To dif- 

couraee, to fright. 
DAUNTLESS, dant-lis. a. Fear- 
lefs, not dejefled. 

DAUNTLESSNESS, da'nt-lef-nls. 

f. Fearlefnefs. 
DAW, da', f. The name of a bird. 

To DAWN, dan. v. n. To begin to 
grow light ; to glimmer obfcurely; 
to begin, yet faintly, to give fome 
promifes of luftre. 

DAWN, da'n. f. The time between 
the firft appearance of light and the 
fun's rife; beginning, firft rife. 

DAY, da', f. The time between the 
rifing and fetting of the fun; the 
time from noon to noon ; light, 
funihine ; the day of conteft, the 
battle; an appointed or fixed time; 
a day appointed for fome comme- 
moration ; from day to day, with- 
out certainty or continuance. 

DAYBED, da'-bcd. f. A bed ufed 
for idlenefs. 

DAYBOOK, da'-bok. f A tradef- 
man's journal. 

DAYBREAK, da'-brel^ f. The 
dawn, the firft appearance of 

DAYLABOUR, da-la'-bur. f. La- 
bour by the day. 

DAYLADOURER, di'-la'-biir ur. f. 
One that works by the day. 

DAYLIGHT, da'-lite. f. The light 
of the day, as oppofed to that of the 
moon, or a taper. 

DAYLILY, da-lil'-y. f. The fame 
with aiphodel. 

DAYSPRING, da'-fpring. f. The 
rife of the day, the dawn. 

DAYS TAR, da'-ftar. f. The morn- 
ing ftar, 

DAYTIME, da'-iime. f. The time 
in which there is light, oppofed to 

DAYWO'^K, da'-wurk. f. Work 
impofed by the day, daylabour. 

To DAZF, daze. v. a. To over- 
power with light ; to ftrike with too 
ftrong a luftre. 

DAZIED, da'-zvd. a. Befprinkled 
with daifies. 

To DAZZLE, daz'I. v. 3. To over- 
power with light. 

To DAZZLE, daz'l. v. n. To be 

overpowered with light. 
DEACON, de'kn. f. One of the low- 
eft order of the clergy. 
DEACONESS, dd'kn-n^s. f. A fe- 
male officer in the ancient church. 
DEACONRY,dc'kn-rv. 7f.The 

DEACONSHIP, dekn-llilp. J office 

or dignity of a deacon. 
DEADi^ded'. a. Deprived of life 
inanimate; fenfelefs ; motionlefs 
empty ; ufelefs ; dull, gloomy 
frigid; vapid; fpiritlefs ; uninha- 
bited ; without the power of vege- 
tation ; in theology, lying under 
the power of fin. 
To DEADEN, ded'n. v. a. To de- 
prive of any kind of force or fenfa- 
tion ; to make vapid, or fpiritlefs. 
DEAD-DOING, ded'-do-ing. part. a. 

Deltruftive, killing, mifchievous. 
DEAD-LIFT, ded'-llft'. f. Hopelefs 

DEADLY, ded'-ly. a. Deftrudive, 

mortal, implacable. 
DE.\DLY, ded'-ly. ad. In a man- 
ner refembllng the dead ; mortally; 
implacably, irreconcilably. 
DEADNESS, ded'-nis. f. Want cf 
warmth; weaknefs of the vital pow- 
ers ; vapidnefs of liquors, lofs of 
DEADNETTLE, ded'-netl. f. A 

weed, the fame with archangel. 
DEAD-RECKONING, ded'-rek'- 
ning. f. That eftimation or con- 
jefture which the feamen make of 
the place where a fhip is, by keep- 
ing an account of her way by the 
DEAF, def. a. Wanting the fenfe of 
bearing ; deprived of the power of 
hearing; obfcurely heard. 
To DEAFEN, def'n. v. a. To de- 
prive of the power of hearing. 
DEAFLY, dcf'-ly. ad. Without fenfe 

of founds ; obfcurely to the ear. 
DEAFNESS, der'-nis. f. Want of 
the power of hearing ; unwilling- 
nefs to hear. 
DEAL, del. f. Great part; quan- 
tity, degree of more or lefs ; the 
art or practice of dealing cards ; fir- 
wood, the wood of pines. 
To DF,.\L, dc'l. v. a. To difpofe to 
difFercntperfons ; todiftributecards; 
to fcatter, to throw about ; to give 
gradually, or one after another. 
To" DEAL, de'l. v. n. To traffick, 
to tranlaifl bufinefs ; to aft between 
two perfons, to intervens ; to be- 
have well or ill in any tranlaftion ; 
to aft in any manner ; To deal by, 
to treat well nr ill ; To deal in, to 
h.ive to do with, to be engaged in. 




to praflife ; To deal with, to treat 
in any manner, to ufe well or ill, 
to contend with. 

ToDEALBATE, oi-KV-hhe. v. a. 
To whiten, to bli'ach. 

DEALBATION, ci-ai-ba nmn. f. 
The aSi of bleaching. 

DEALER, de'-liir. f. One that has 
to do with any thing ; a trader or 
trafficker; a pcrfon who deals the 

DEALING, dc'-llng. f. Praftice, 
aftion ; intc.'CO irle ; meafures of 
treatment ; trathck, bufinefs. 

DEAMBULATJON, di-am-bu-!a'- 
iliun. f. The afl of walkins^ abroad. 

DEAMBULATORY, de am".bii-la- 
tur'-^. a. Relating lo the pradice 
of walking abroad. 

DEAN, di'n. f. The fecond digni- 
tary of a diocefe. 

DEAxNERY, de'oer-y. f. Theoffice 
ofa dean ; the revenue of a dean ; 
the hoiilV of a 

DEANSHIP, de'n-n,{p. f. The of- 
fice and rank of a dean. 

DEAR, dd'r. a. Beloved, darling; 
valuable, coftly ; fcdrce ; fad, hate- 
ful, grievous. In this lall fenfe ob- 

DE4R, de'r. f. A word of endear- 

DEARBOUGHT, d^'r-bat. a. Pur- 
chafed at a high price. 

DEARLY, dc'r 1^'. ad. With great 
fondneis; at a hirh price. 

To DEARN, darn." v. a. To mend 

DEARNESS; deV-nls. f. Fondnefs, 
kindneff, love; fcarcity, high price. 

DEARTH, deril,'. f. Scarcity which 
makes food dear; want, famine; 
barren nefs. 

To DEARTICULATE, dJ-i'ir-tlk'- 
u-li',e. V. a. To disjoint, to dif- 

DEATH, dhl'. f. The extlnaion of 
life ; mortality ; the ftate of the 
dead ; the manner .of dying ; the 
image of mortality reprefenttd by a 
Skeleton ; in theology^ damnation, 
eternal torments. 

DEATH-BED, dd h'-bed. f. The 
bed to which a man is confined by 
mortal ficknef?. 

DE \rHFUL,dinh'-fuI. a. Full of 
n^yghier, dcllructive, iiiurderous. 

DE.ATHLESS, deih'-lis. a. Immor- 
tal, never-dying. 

DEAIHLIKE, c6th'-lJke. a. Re- 
fembllng death, Ihll. 
,^EATH's-DO()R,deih's-d6'r. f. A 

near approach lo death. 
I>EArHS.vlAN, f Ex- 
ecutioner, hangman, headfcian. 

DEATHW.ATCH, ddth'-witlh. f. 
An infeft that makes a tinkling 
noife, fiiperllitioufly imagined to 
progiiofticate death. 

To DEBARK, dc-b.Vrk. v. a. To 

To DEBAR, de-b.Vr. v. a. To ex- 
clude, to preclude. 

To DEBASE, de-ba'fe. v. a. To re- 
duce from £ higher to a lower ftate; 
to fink into mt-annefs ; to adulte- 
rate, to lefl'en in value by bafe ad- 

DEBASEMENT, di-ba'fe-ment. f. 
The aft of debafing or degrad- 

DEBASER, dJ-b;V-fur. f. He that 
debafes, he that adulterates, he that 
degrades another. 

DEBATABLE, de-bate-abl, a. Dif- 

DEB.ATE, dS-b.Vte. f. A perfonal 
difpute, aconlroverfy ; a quarrel, a 

To DEBATE, dc ba'te. v. a. I'o 
controvert, to difpute, to contcft. 

To DEBATE, dc-ba'te. v. n. To 
deliberate ; to difpute. 

DEBATEFUL,dt--b;Vte-fu!.a. Quar- 
relfome, contentious. 

DEBAl'EMENT, de-ba'te-ment. f. 
Contell, controverfy. 

DEBATER, de-ba'-tur. f, A dif- 
piitant, a controvertilE 

T-j DEBAUCH, deba'tfli. v. a, To 
corrupt by lewdnefs ; to corrupt by 

DEBAUCH, de-b.l'cni. f. A lit of 
iatcmperance, lewdnefs. 

DEllAUCHEE, deb-u-die'. f. A 
lecher, a drunkard. 

DEBAUCHER,de-ba't(h-ur. f. One 
who feduces others to intemperance 
or lewtlne/L 

DEBAUCHERY, dc-ba t(h-c-ry. f. 
The praftice of excefs, lewdnefs. 

DEBAUCHMENT, de-ta'i(h-ment. 
f The a£l of debauching or vitiat- 
ing, corruption 

ToDEBEL, di--bel' 



to overcome in war. 
DEBELLATION, dc-bcl-la'-fliun. f. 

The aft of conquering in war. 
DEBENTURE, d£-bc./-tfliiir. f. A 

writ or note, by which a debt is 

DEBlLE.deb'-II. a. Fecb'e, languid. 
To DEBILITAIE, de-bl.'-l lu'.e. 

V. a. 'J'o make fjint, lo enfeeble. 
DEBlLri'A'noN, dc-bII-y-t.V Ihun. 

f. The aft of weakening. 
DEBILITY, de-bil'-i-ty. f. Weak- 

nefs, fceblcnefs. 

:1'. ^ Tv.a.To 

i, dc-bcl'- > con- 

3 quer, 

DEBONAIR, dcb-6-na're. a. Ele- 
gant, civil, well bred. 

DEBONAIRLY, deb-6-nare-ly. ad. 

DEB r, del', f. That which one maa 
owes to another ; that which any 
one is obliged to do or fuffer. 

DEGTED, det'-tld. part. a. Indebt- 
ed, obliged to. 

DEBTOR, dct'-iLu-. f. Ilethatowo* 
fomething to anotlier ; one that 
owes money ; one fide of an account 

DECACUMINATFD, d^-ki-ki'- 
mi-na-ild. a. Having the top 
cut off. 

DEC.VDE, dek'-id. f. The Aim of 

DECADENCY, dc-ka-din-fv. f. 
Decay, fall. 

DECAGON, dek'-i-gon. f. A plain 
figure in geometry. 

DECALOGUE, dtk'-a-log. f. The 
ten commandments given by God to 

To DECAMP, de-kamp'. v. a. To 
(hift the camp, to move off. 

DECAMPMENT, de kimp'-ment. f. 
The aft of (liifiing the camp. 

To DECANT, dc-k'int'. v. a. To 
pour off gently, fu as to leave the 
icdimcnt behind. 

DECANTATION, de-kan-ti'-fliun. 
f. The aft of decanting. 

DECANTER, dckan'-ti'ir. f. A glafs 
vcffel that contains the liquor after 
it has been poured off clear. 

To DECAPITATE, de-kip'-i-tate. 
V. a. To behead. 

To DECAY, de-k.V. v. n. To lofs 
excellence, to decline. 

DECAY, de-ka'. f. Decline from 
the llate of perfeftion ; decienfiott 
from profperity ; confunip'ion. 

DECAYER,dc-kd-ur. f. That which 
caufes decay. 

DECEAbli, dc fe'fe. f. Death, de- 
parture from life. 

ToDECEASE, de-fc'fe. v. n. To die, 
to depart from life. 

DECEIT, dc-ld't. (. Fraud, a cheat, 
a fallacy ; llratagem, artifice. 

DECEITFUL, de ic't-ful. a. Frau- 
dulent, full of deceit. 

DECF.ITFULLY, defe't-fui-y. ad. 

DECEfrEULNESS, de-fe't-fiil-n's. 

I. J'endcncy to deceive. 
DECElVABLt.di- ic'v-abl. a. Sub- 
jeft to fraud, expofed to impofture. 
DECEIVABLENESS, de-)e'v-ibl- 

nls. f. Liablenefs to be deceived. 
To DECEIVE, di-d'v. V. a. To 
bring into crrour ; to delude by 





DECEIVER, de-fe'-vur. f. One that 

leads another into erroiir. 
DFXEMBER, de fem'-bur. f. The 

iail month of the vear. 
DECEMl'EDAL, dJ-fcm'-pe-dal. a. 

Havins; ten feet in length. 
DECEM VIRATE, de-(em'-ver-it. f. 
The dignity and office of the ten 
governors of Rome. 
DECENCY, dd'-fen-fy f. Propriety 
of form, becoming ceremony ; fuit- 
abienefs to charafter, propriety ; 
DECENNIAL.dS-fen'-nyal. a. What 
continues for the fpace of ten years. 
DECENT, ce'-(eiit. a. Becoming, 

fit, fuitable. 
DECENTLY, de'-fent-ly. ad. In a 
proper manner, with fuitable beha- 
DECEPTIBTLITY, dj-fep-tl-b!!'-!- 

if. f. Liablenefs to be deceived. 
DECEPTIBLE, de-fep'-ubi. a. Li- 
able to be deceived. 
DECEPTION", ce-fep'-(hun. f. The 
ad or means of deceiving, cheat, 
fraud ; the (late of being deceived. 
DECEP nous, de-fep'-Ms. a. De- 
DECEPTIVE, dJ-fep'-tlv. a. Hav- 
ing the power of deceiving. 
DECEPTORY, de-fep'-tur-^. a. 

Containing means of deceic. 
DECERPT.'^ce-ferp't. a. Dirainiflied, 

taken oiF. 
DECERPTJBLE, de-fcrp'-tibl, a. 

'That may be taken off. 
DECERPTION, ae-ferp'-iliun. f. 
The aft of lefl'enine, or taking off. 
DECESSiON, de-feV-ftiun. f. A 

To DECHARM, de'-t(harm. v. a. 
To countcraft a charm, to difin- 
To DECIDE, dc-si'de. v. a. To fix 
the event of, ;o determine; to de- 
termine a queftion or difpute. 
DECIDENCE, des'-sy-denfe. f. The 
quality of being died, or of falling 
off; the a£1 of falling away. 
DECIDER, dc-5i'-dur. f. One who 
determines caufes; one who de- 
termines quarrels. 
DECIDUOUS, di-iid'-uus. a. Fall- 
ing, not perenniaK 
DECIMAL, des'-I-mal. a. Num- 
bered by ten. 
To DECIMATE, des'-im-ate. v. a. 
To tithe, to take the tenth ; to pu- 
nifh every terth foldier by lot, 
DECIMATION, def-ly-ml'-fhun. f. 
A tithing, a feledlion of every tenth; 
afeleftion by lot of every tenth fol- 
dier for punifhment. 
ToDECIPHER,de-si'-fi.'ir. v. a. To 

explain that which is written In 
epithets; to mark down in charac- 
ters ; to llamp, to mark; to unfold, 
to unravel. 
DECIPHERER, de-si'-fer-ur. f. One 

who e'.pl.iins writings in cipher. 
DECISION, de-sizh'-un. f. Deter- 
mination of a difference ; determin- 
ation of an event. 
DECISIVE, de-si'-iiv. a. Havingthe 
power of determining any differ- 
ence ; having the power of fettling 
anv event. 
DECISIVELY,'-slv-l)'-. ad. In 

a conclufive minner. 
DECISIVENESS, de-sS'-sIv-nis. f. 
The power of terminatirg any dif- 
ference, as fettling an event. 
DECISORY,dJ-s!'-fiir-y. a. Able to 

determine or decide. 
To DECK, dek'. v. a. To overfpread; 

to drefs ; to adorn. 
DECK, dek'. f. The floor of a Ihip ; 
pack of cards piled regularly on 
each other. 
DECKER, dek'-kur. f. A dreffer. 
To DECLAIM, de-klam. v.n. To 

harangue, to fpeak fet orations. 
DECLAIMER, dS-kla'm-ur. f. One 
who makes fpeecbes with intent to 
mc e the paflion."!. 
DECLAMATION, dek-kla-ma'- 
lliun. f. A difcourfe addreffed to 
the paflions, an harangue. 
DECLAM.ATOR. deii-kla-ma -tur. 

f. A declaimer, an orator. 
DECLAMATORY, de-klim'-ma- 
tur-y. a. Relating to the praftice 
of declaiming ; appealing to the 
DECLARABLE, dc-kla'-ribl. a. Ca- 
pable of proof. 
DECLAR.\T10N, dek-kla-ia -diun. 
f. A proclamation or affirmation, 
publication ; an explanation of 
fomething doubtful ; in law, declar- 
ation is the fhewing forth of an 
aftion perfonal in any fuir, though 
it is ufed fometimes for real ac- 
DECLARATIVE, de-klar'-a-iiv. a. 
Mailing declaration, explanatory ; 
making proclamauon. 
DECLARATORILY, de kiar"-a- 
tur'-i-ly. ad. In the form of a de- 
claration, not promifTively. 
DECLARATORY, dc-klar'-a-tur-y. 

a. Affirmative, evpreffive. 
To DECLARE, dS-klare. v. a. To 
make known, to tell evidently and 
openly; to publifn, to proclaim; 
to (hew in open view. 
To DECLARE, cc-klare. v.n. To 

make a declaration. 
DECL.AREMENT, dc-kia're-ment. 

de-kli-Tia'-tor. 1 
(. d^kli'ii-i-^ f. 

f. Difcovery, declaration, teni- 

DECLARER, d?-kli'-rfir. f. One 

that make! any thing known. 
DECLENSION, de klcn'-ftiun. f. 
Tendency from a great to a lefs de- 
gree of evcellence ; declaration, de- 
fccnt; inflexion, manner of chang- 
ing nouns.'-nabl. a. Hav- 
ing v.nrlety of terminations. 
DECLINATION, dek-kly-ni'-lhun. 
f. Defcent, change from a better to 
aworfeftate, decay; the aft of bend- 
ing down ; variation from reftiturfe, 
oblique motion, obliquity; varia- 
tion from a fixed point; in naviga- 
tion, the variation of the needle 
from the true meridian of any, place 
to the Eall or Well ; in allronomy, 
the declination of a ib.r we call its 
fhortefl diftance from the equa- 

DECLINATOR, de-kli- 

An inllrument in dialings 

To DECLINE, de-kli'ne. v. n. To 
lean downward ; to deviate, to run 
into obliquities ; to fhun, to refufe, 
to avoid any thing ; to be impaired, 
to decay. 

To DECLINE, dS-klfne. v. a. To 
bend downward, to bring down ; to 
fhun, to refufe, to be cautious of; 
to modify a word by various ter- 

DECLINE, dS-kli'ne. f. The ftate 
of tendency to the worfe, diminu- 
tion, decay. 

DECLIVITY, de-kllv'-I-ty. f. Incli- 
nation or obliquity reckoned down- 
wards, gradual defcent. 

DECLIVOUS, de kil'-vus. a. Gra- 
dually defcending, not precipitous. 

To DECOCT, c'-kok't. v. a. To 
prepare by boiling for any ufe, to 
digcil in hot water ; to digefl by 
the heat of the ftomach ; to boil up 
to a confluence.'-tlbl. a.That 
which liiay be boiled, or prepared 
by boiling. 

DECOCTION, de-kok'-ihun.f. The 
aft of boiling any thing,; a prepa- 
ration made by boiling in water. 

DECOCTURE, dg-k6k'-tfhur. f. A 
fubftance drawn by decoftion. 

DECOLLATION, de'-k61-Ia"-fliun. 
f. The aft of beheading. 

DECOMPOSITE, dc'-k6m-p6z"-i't. 
a. Compounded a fecond time. 

DECOMPOSITION, dc'-k6m-p5- 
zllV-iin. f. The aft of compound- 
ing things already compounded. 
T To 


To DECOMPOUND, d^'-kim- 

pou"nd. V. a. To compofe ot 

things compounded. 
DECOMPOUND, de'k6m-pou"nd. 

a. Compofed of things or words 

already compounded. 
To DECORATE, dek'k6 rate. v. a 

To adorn, to embellifli, to beautify. 
DECOR.VnON, dek-l:6-ra'-(hvin. f. 

Ornament, added ber.iitv. 
DECORATOR, dek.'-k&ra-t6r. f. 

An adoiner. 
DECOROUS, dt-ko'-rus. a. Decent, 

fuitable to a charafter. 
To DECORTICATE, dS-kor'-iI- 

kate. V. a. To dived of the bark or 

DECORTICATION, de-kor-ti-ka'- 

Ihun. f. The ail of ftripping the 

bark or hufli. 
DECORUM, de-ko-rum. f. De- 
cency, behaviour contrary to licen- 

tioufnefs, fecmlinefs. 
To DECOY, de-koy'. v. a. To lure 

into a cage, to intrap. 
DECOY, dc-koy'. f. Allurement to 

DECOYDUCK, dd koy'-duk. f. A 

duck that lures others. 
To DECREASE, dc-krdTe. v.n. To 

grow lefs, to be diminilhsd. 
To DECREASE, de-kre'le. v. a. To 

make lefs, to diminifti. 
DECREASE, de-kre'fe. f. The ftate 

of growing lefs, decay ; the wain 

of the moon. 
To DECREE, d^-kre'. v. n. To 

make an ediO, to appoint by edift. 
To DECREE, d?-krc. v. a. To doom 

or nffign by a decree. 
DECREE, dekre . f. An edia, a 

law ; an ellablifhed rule; a deter- 
mination of a fuit. 
DECREMENT, liek'-krl-ment. f. 

Decrcafe, the ftate of growing lefs, 

the .quantity loft by decteafnif;. 
DECREPIT, oh-kicp'U. a. Walled 

and worn out with age. 
ToDECREPlTATE.dd kiep'-i tate. 

V. a. To calcine fait till it has 

ceafed to crackle in the fire. 
DECREPITATION, de'-krep-i la"- 

fhi'm. f. 'I'he cratkllng noife which 

fait inrikes over the fire. 
DECREPITNESS, dc-krcp'-it- | 

DEcilEPITUDE, dJ--krcp'-l- f ^' 
tiids. J 

The laft ftagc of decay, the laft 
effefts of old age. 

DECRESCENT, dS-kres'-icrit. a. 
Growing lefs. 

DECREIAL, dJ krd'-til. a. Ap- 
pertaining to a decree, containing a 



DECRETAL, dJ-krd'-til. f. A book 
of decrees or edifts; the colleiTlion 
of the pope's decrees. 

DECRETIST.di-krd'-illl. f. One 
that lludies the decretal. 

DECRETORY, dck'-kre-tur-)S a. 
Judicial, definitive. 

DECRIAL, dckri'-il. f. Clamorous 
cenfure, hafty or noify condemna- 

To DECRY, do krf . v. a. To cen- 
fure, to blame clamoroufly, to cla- 
mour agaiiift. 

DECUMBENCE,dc-kum'-') f. The 
benfe. ( aft of 

DECUMBENCY.dc-kum'- j lying 
b6n-fy. J down, 

the pofture of lying down. 

DECUMBITURE, dekum'-bl ture. 
f. The time at which a man takes 
to his bed in adifeafe. 

DECUPLE, dek'-upl. a. Tenfold. 

DECUR10N,de-ku'-ryim. f. Acom- 
mander over ten. 

DECURSION, de-kiu'-fiiun. f. The 
aft of running down. 

DECURTATION, de'-kur-ta'-ftun. 
f. The aft of cutting ftiort. 

To DECUSSATE, dc'-kus'-sate. v. a. 
To interfeft at acute an'.;le3. 

DECUSSATION, de'-kufsr-ftiun. 
f. The aft of eroding, ftate of be- 
ing crofted at unequal angles. 

To DEDECORATE, de-dek'-ko- 
rate. v. a. To difgrace, to bring a 
reproach upon. 

DEDECORATION, de'-dek-ko-ra"- 
ftiiin. f. The aft of difgracing. 

DEDECOROUS, de dek'-ko-riis. a. 
Dilgraceful, reproachful. 

DEDENTiriON, de'-icn-tifti"-un. 
f. Lofs or fliedding of the teeth. 

To DEDICATE,' ded'-y-kate. v. a 
To devote to fome divine power ; 
to appropriate fol mnly to any per- 
fon or purpofe ; to infcribe to a 

DEDICATE, ded'-y kate. a. Con- 
fccrate, devote, dedicated. 

DEDICATION, ded-y-ka'-ftiun. f. 
'ihe aft of dedicating to any being 
or purpofe, confecration ; an ad- 
drefs to a p.itron. 

DEDiCATOR, ddd'-y-katur. f. One 
who infcribes his work to a pa:rcn. 

DEDICATORY, did'-y-kA tiir'-y. a. 
Comp fiiig a dedication. 

DEDn ION, ce-dilTi'-un. f. The 
aft of yiildinj; up any thing. 

To DEDUCE, de diYfe. v. a. To 
draw in a regular connefted feric ; 
to form a regular chain (>f confe- 
queniial propolilions ; to lay down 
in regular order. 

DEDUCEMENT, dc-dii'fe-mcnt. f. 


The thing deduced, confequential 


DEDUCIBLE. dj-du'-sibl. a. Col- 
leftible by reafon 

DEDUCIVE, cd-dii'-slv. a. Per- 
forming the aft of deduftion. 

To DEDUCT, deduk't. v. a. To 
fubftraft, to take away. 

DEDUCTION, de-duk'-ftum. f. 
Confequential coUeftion, confe- 
quence ; that which is dedufted. 

DEDUCTIVE, de-duk'-tiv. a. De- 

DEDUCT!'-ti'v- K-. ad. 
Confequentially, by regular deduc- 

DEED, de'd. f. Aftion, whether 
good or bad ; exploit ; power of 
aftion ; written evidence of any 
legal aft ; faft, reality. 

DEEDLESS, ded-ljs. a. Unaftive. 

ToDEEM,dc'm. v.n. Part.DEMPT, 
or Dee.vied. To judge, to con- 
clude upon confideration. 

DEEM, de'm. f. Judgment, opi- 
nion. Obfotete. 

DEEP, dc'p a. Meafured from the 
furface downward ; entering far, 
piercing a great way ; far from the 
outer part ; not fuperficial, not ob- 
vious; fagacious, penetrating; full 
of contrivance, politick, infidious ; 
grave, folemn ; dark-coloured; 
having a great degree of llilnefsor 
gloom; bafs, grave in found. 

DEEP, ^e'p. f. The fea, the main , 
the moil folemn or ftiH part. 

To DEEPEN, de'pn. v. a. To make 
deep, to fmk far below the furface; 
to darken, to cloud, to make dark; 
to make fad or gloomy, 

DEEPMOUrHED,dt'p-mouthd. a. 
Havinea hu.irre and loud voice. 

DEEPMU3ING, <:e"'-7.1ng. a. 
Contemplative, lull in thought. 

DEEPLY, de'p-ly. ad. To a great 
depth, far below the furfaCe ; with 
great ftudy or fagacity ; forrowfully, 
folemnly ; with a tendency to dark- 
nef? nf colnur ; in a high degree. 

DEEl'NES.S, de'p-nls. f. Entrance 
far below the furface, profundity,